KANSAS

GOVERNORS BIOGRAPHIES

HUGH SLEIGHT WALSH

Oar counsels waver like the unsteady bark, That reels amid the strife of meeting currents.
-Scott.

Hugh Sleight Walsh was born in the village of New Windsor, Orange county, New York, about the year 1810. He died in Jefferson county, Kansas, April 23, 1877.

He went from his native State to Alabama, and from there he came to Kansas in 1857. He served Acting-Governors Stanton and Denver in the capacity of private secretary. When the latter was appointed Governor Mr. Walsh was made Territorial Secretary, the duties of which office he assumed on May 12th, 1858. He says in a letter to the Government at Washington that he was Acting Governor of Kansas Territory at five different times. In that letter, which can be found in Vol. 5, p. 623, Kansas Historical Collections, he states that Governor Medary caused his removal from office by charging incompatibility of temper; he sets out a long statement of differences in principle, to which he attributes his removal.

There is no important event in the Territorial history of Kansas associated with the name of Mr. Walsh. He endeavored to perform his duties in a manner satisfactory to the Administration at Washington, and seems to have cared little for the good opinion of the people of Kansas.

The interests of liberty and freedom in Kansas seem to have been of secondary concern. He was ever seeking to aid the border-ruffians in their attempts to overcome Captain James Montgomery and his associates in southeastern Kansas. He became involved in a dispute with the Legislature of the Territory which was in session in the early months of 1860 concerning mileage, which the members claimed but which he declined to pay. He attributed his removal, in some measure, to this disagreement.

Unlike the majority of Territorial Administrative officers, he took up a final and permanent residence in Kansas. His son, DeWitt Walsh, owned a farm near Grantville, in Jefferson county, and he made his son's residence his home. He continued to take an interest in politics after his removal, and was as prominent in Kansas political affairs as a Democrat could be, until his death.

Source: Kansas Territorial Governors by William Elsey Connelley, 1900, Pages 136-137

GEORGE M. BEEBE

Behold two little clouds which 'rose, And in the sky o'er Kansas stand ; They seem no larger than the hand, But soon they grow, and o'er the land
Spread out a shroud in dark repose.
-Moody.

George M. Beebe was born in New Vernon, New York, October 28, 1836. He is still living.

Mr. Beebe received an academic education; he graduated in law at the Albany University in 1857. Soon after finishing his law course he came to Kansas Territory; he settled in Doniphan county in 1859. He had an aptness for politics, and at the election held in November of that year was a candidate for member of the Council of the Territorial Legislature. He was elected as a Democrat, by a majority of 14 votes. This Legislature adjourned from Lecompton to Lawrence, where it held its session. To it belongs the honor of having passed a bill abolishing slavery in Kansas. Mr. Beebe was a member of the Council committee to which this bill was referred. He made a minority report favoring the indefinite postponement of the bill. The bill was passed, and was vetoed by Governor Medary; it was passed over his veto, and finally declared to be unconstitutional.

Upon the removal of Secretary Hugh S. Walsh Mr. Beebe was appointed Territorial Secretary. His appointment was made in May, 1860, but he did not assume the duties of his office for some time. When Governor Medary resigned, Secretary Beebe became Acting Governor. He transmitted a message to the Legislature January 10, 1861, in which he advised that Kansas maintain a neutral position in the War of the Rebellion, the opening events of which were the absorbing topics of the time. The President made no appointment of Governor upon Governor Medary's resignation, and left it to become the unpleasant duty of Mr. Beebe to surrender the authority of a puerile Federal Administration and step out of office. From Kansas Mr. Beebe removed to Nevada Territory in 1863, where he declined the appointment of Collector of Revenue. He returned to Monticello, New York, and assumed editorial management of the Republican Watchman. He became prominent in the politics of his State as a Democrat, and was chairman of the State conventions of his party in 1873 and 1874. He was elected a member of the Forty-fourth Congress, and was re-elected to the succeeding Congress.

Source: Kansas Territorial Governors by William Elsey Connelley, 1900, Pages 138-139

THOMAS CARNEY

Thomas Carney, second governor of Kansas (1861-65), was born in Delaware county, Ohio, August 20, 1827. His father, James Carney, died when the subject of this sketch was four years old. His early life was spent on the farm andin mercantile establishments as a clerk. In 1852 he went to Cincinnati, where he secured a position and soon after became a partner in the firm of carney, Scrift & Co. In the spring of 1857 he was forced to relinquish his interest on account of failing health. He purchased a farm in Illinois, but soon sold that and removed to Leavenworth, Kansas, where he engaged in the wholesale dry goods business. In the fall of 1861 he was elected governor. In this position his energy and financial skill secured great advantages to the state. Entering on the duties of the office at a time when Kansas was without credit, without means to carry on its government or to protect its citizens from lawless guerrillas and the calamities incident to war, his labors were great; but he conquered all difficulties and established its credit on a firm foundation. He advanced his private means to pay the interest on the public debt, and to support the troops called into service for the protection of the homes and lives of the people. Gov. Carney was devoted to his state and to his family and friends, and in every way a valuable citizen. He died in 1889 at Leavenworth. (The National Cyclopedia of American Biography, by James Terry White, 1898, Page 343)

CHARLES ROBINSON

Charles Robinson, first state governor of Kansas (1861), was born in Hardwick, Mass., July 18, 1818; received a good common-school and academic education and at the age of eighteen entered Amherst College. He was obliged to leave college on account of ill health and failure of his eyes and walked forty miles to Keene, N. H., to consult a celebrated physician. The consulation so impressed him with the common quackeries of medical practice, that he determined to study medicine for himself. He took a medical course at Woodstock, Vt., and later at Pittsfield, Mass., where he was graduated with the highest honors in 1843. He practiced his profession in Belchertown, Springfield and Fitchburg, Mass., and was at one time associated with Dr. J. G. Holland in the management of a hospital. In 1849 he joined an overland California colony as physician, arriving at Kansas City in April of that year. After a month's rest, the party left with ox and mule teams for the journey across the plains. On May 11, 1849, while riding his horse in the lead of the company of gold seekers, he ascended Mount Oread, at Lawrence, the present site of the State University of Kansas, which six years later he pre-empted and held for a long time. Arriving in California, he located in Sacramento where, during his two years of residence, he followed a variety of occupations, such as miner, restaurant keeper and editor of the "Settlers and Miner's Tribune," a daily paper. He took an active part in the troubles in Sacramento between the settlers and the speculative land grabbers and participated in the squatter riots of that time. In one of the conflicts he was shot through the body but managed to shoot his assailant before falling insensible in the street. He was then taken to a prison ship where it was hoped he would die of neglect, but being possessed ofa sturdy constitution and a thorough knowledge of medicine he quickly recovered. During his confinement of ten weeks his admirers eleted him to the legislature where he made a gallant and effectual fight for the settlers. He was a prominent supporter of John O. Fremont in his candidacy for the U. S. Senate. The latter, shortly before his death, declared that Charles Robinson more than any other man kept California from being a slave state. The charge of murder brought by his enemies could not be sustained and was finally dropped. In 1852 he returned to Massachusetts, and for two years edited the Fitchburg "New." At the beginning of the intense excitement that followed the organization of the territorties of Kansas and Nebraska, he was sent to Kansas as the accredited agent of the New England Aid Society, especially charged with "saving Kansas to freedom." In the darkest hours of the long struggle and conflict, as well as in the brightest moments of victory. Mr. Robinson proved a safe counselor and leader of the free state forces. His California experiences had rounded and ripened a robust nature, and the perils that the hero ofthe squatter troubles had passed through in that strange combination of craft and cunning of virture and vice, bravery and pusillanimity that marked and incipient stages of California society, fitted and schooled him for his new work. He made his home in Lawrence, where he quickly became the leader of the free state party and was made chairman of its executive committee, and commander in chief of the Kansas volunteers. In the "Wakarusa war" he showed remarkable military genius as a negotiator, pacificator and diplomat. In 1855 the free state men were driven from the polls. Robinson repudiated, disowned, and fought against the bogus laws and was chosen a delegate to the Topeka convention which formulated free state government. In the following year he was elected governor under its provisions. He was at once arrested for treason and usurpation of office, Indicated by the Federal grand jury, and imprisoned in Lecompton, from May until September, 1856. Being finally tried by a jury he was acquitted on the latter count and discharged without trial on the indictment for treason. He was again elected governor under the Topeka constitution in 1858, under the Wyandotte constitution in 1859 and finally in June 1861 after all his vicissitudes, became state governor. Gov. Robinson organized most of the Kasnas regiments for the civil war and at the close of his term he was sent to the legislature first as representative then for two terms as senator. In 1882 he was again a candidate for governor. In 1887 he became superintendent of Haskell Institute, Lawrence, Kansas, the government Indian School. He was also for many years regent of the state university which was fostered by him and his wife in its infancy its start being chiefly due to their gifts and interest and he was given the degree of LL.D. by that institution in 1887. Gov. Robinson was twice married; first in November, 1843, to Sarah Adams, daughter of William Adams, of West Brookfield, Mass. Two children were born to them, both of whom died in infancy. Mrs. Robinson died Jan. 17, 1846. On October 30, 1851, he married Sarah Tappan Doolittle Lawrence, daughter of Hon. Myron Lawrence an eminent lawyer of Massachusetts - a lady of very high literary culture. She was educated in the Belchertown Classical School and the New Salem Academy and was an able helper and counsellor to her husband. She wrote "Kansas, its Interior and Exterior Life," a work which attained a wide circulation and had great influence. It is one of the best books written on the early history of Kansas. Mrs. Robinson resides on her estate a short distance from Lawrence, the town in which occurred so many exciting events. Gov. Robinson published "The Kansas Conflict" (1892). He died at Lawrence, Kansas, August 17, 1894, bequeathing his large landed interests to his wife, and on her death to the state university. (The National Cyclopedia of American Biography, by James Terry White, 1898, Pages 342- 343)

SAMUEL J. CRAWFORD

Samuel J. Crawford, third governor of Kansas (1865-69), was born in Lawrence County, Ind., April 10, 1835. His early life was spent on a farm and his education acquired in the district school and Bedford Academy. He studied law and was admitted to the bar at the age of twenty-one. He entered the law school of Cincinnati College in 1857 and was graduated from that institution in 1858, removed to Garnett, Kansas and commenced the practice of law in 1859. He was elected a member of the first Kansas legislature, which convened at Topeka, March 1861 but resigned his seat in May and organized a company of volunteers for the pending war. He ws chosen captain of the company and assigned to the 2nd Kansas volunteers. His regiment did valiant service in Missouri under Gen. Lyon, participating in the famous battle of Wilson's Creek, and other important battles. Until October 1864 Mr. Crawford took an active part in the war. He was promoted to a colonelcy and breveted a brigadier general and displayed rare courage and patriotism as a solider. He was elected governor of Kansas in November 1864 resigned his commission in the army and ws inaugurated Jan. 9, 1865. He was re-elected in November 1866 and served until Nov. 4, 1868 when he resigned to take command of the 19th Kansas cavalry regiment in an expedition against the Indians on the frontier. The two months remaining of his term were filled by Lieut. Gov. Nehemiah Greene. At the close of the campaign Gov. Crawford resumed the practice of his profession, locating permanently at Topeka. (The National Cyclopedia of American Biography, by James Terry White, 1898, Page 343)

LORENZO D. LEWELLING

Lorenzo D. Lewelling, eleventh governor of Kansas (1893-95), was born in Salem, Henry County, Iowa, Dec. 21, 1846 son of William Lewelling, a minister of the Society of Friends, which had a large settlement at Salem. His parents died when he was a mere lad, and he worked for neighboring farmers and attended a country school during the winter season until he was sixteen years old. In 1863 he found employment as a laborer on the construction of the Burlington and Missouri River railroad. Soon after he drove cattle for the quartermaster's department of the Federal army in Tennessee. He then joined a bridge-building corps at Chattanooga, and was mustered out of service at the close of the war. In 1865 he taught a negro school at Mexico, Missouri under the Freedmen's Aid Socity and had day and evening classes; being obliged to have a friend guard the doors against threatened assaults of prejudiced neighbors. He then attended Eastman's Business College, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., and was graduated. Not finding an opening in commerical life, he drove on the Erie canal, and then went to Toledo, O. as a section hand on the railroad until he secured enough money to carry him back to his home in Iowa, where he engaged as a bridge builder on the Burlington and Missouri River railraod near Ottumwa. He then entered Whittier Colelge, a Quaker institute at Salem, where he studied and taught preparatory classes, thus earning his entire school education by hard work and self-denial. Upon leaving Whittier Colelge he taught in the Iowa State Reform School and was promoted to be assistant superientent. In 1870 he resigned, cultivated a farm and started the "Salem Register," a weekly paper. The same year he was married to Angie Cook, a school teacher. In 1872 he with his wife ws employed in conducting the girls' department of the Iowa State Reform School where he continued for fifteen years. He represented the state in the national conferences of charities held at St. Louis, Mo., Washington, D. C., and Louisville, Ky., and was a member and for a time president of the Iowa State Normal School board. In 1880 he started at Des Moines, the "Captial" an anti-ring Republican newspaper and edited it for two years when the failing health of his wife necessitated his return to the Reform School. In 1887 he removed to Wichita, Kansas where he engaged in a commercial business. He gained a wide reputation as a public speaker and as a reformer in politics. In 1883 he was the unsuccessful LIberal candidate for the nomination of secretary of state. his conservative views however, gained for him the nomination by the Democratic and Populist parties of the fusion candidacy for governor of Kansas in 1892 and he was elected by a plurality of 5,432 over Abram W. Smith (Republican) and J. O. Pickering (Prohibitionist). In 1894 he received the nomination of the Populists for re-election but did not receive the support of the Democratic party which nominated its own candidate and E. N. Morrill (Republican) was elected in the great Republican tidal wave that carried the state for that party. (The National Cyclopedia of American Biography, by James Terry White, 1898, Pages 346-347)

EDMUND N. MORRILL

Edmund N. Morrill, twelfth governor of Kansas (1895-97) was born at Westbrook, Cumberland County, Me., Feb. 12, 1834. His family is very well known in that state by reason of the prominent part its members have taken in public affairs. His early education was received in the common schools and later he took a thorough course in Westbrook Seminary. he has been a close reader through life and has devoted his spare time to study fitting himself for public service. He learned the trade of tanner and currier in his father's shop, and has been all through life a man of industry and a hard worker. In March 1857, Mr. Morrill removed to Kansas, settling in Brown county. In October 1857 he was elected to the first free state legislature ever assembled in Kansas. In 1858 he ws elected a member of the legislature, under the Lecompton constitution. On Oct. 5, 1861, Mr. Morrill enlisted as a private soldier in company C, 7th Kansas cavalry. On Aug. 9, 1862, he was promoted by Pres. Lincoln to commissary of subsistence with rank of captain and in 1865 was promoted and mustered out with the rank of major by brevet, for meitorious services. Returning home he located at Hiawatha and engaged in business. He held various county offices including the position of state senator, serving two terms. During the past term he was president pro tem. While a member of the senate he held important positions on the principal committees. In 1882 without personal solicitation he was nominated by the Republican convention for congressman at large, and was elected by a handsome majority. He was re-elected in 1884, 1886 and 1888 in the first congressional district and declined a renomination in 1890. Mr. Morrill had been an active earnest and devoted business man, but when chosen to represent the state in congress he felt that his services and entire time belonged to his constituents. He was always ready and willing to serve his people and it may be truthfully said that he wrote more letters and secured more pensions for Union soldiers than any other man who ever occupied a seat in congress. This work was not confined to his district or state, but extended into every state of the Union. His position as chairman of the committee on invalids' pensions made his correspondence burden-some but he did not falter in the task. He was glad to be able to aid any worthy and unfortunate comrade. So devoted was he to this work, that he framed and secured the passage of the present pension law, known as the Morrill bill, June 27, 1890. In the house it was left almost entirely to his judgment. The senate conference committee yielded largely to Mr. Morrill's wishes while the president and speaker of the house relied upon him to frame a bill that would relieve the Republican party from the charge of having been faithless to the old soldiers. When the bill passed, Cabot Lodge and other leading men warmly thanked Mr. Morrill for the service he had rendered the Republican party. Maj. Morrill is a citizen who has the confidence of the people of Kansas. He has always been on the side of right. He has worked to build up at home schools and colleges that shall be the equal of any in the land. His affections begin witht he home the school the church the county and the stae and his influence has been exerted on the side of temperance, good morals, education and law. His public and private acts stand the test of scrutiny. By industry, good habits, honest dealing with his neighbors and close attention to detail he has gained a competency. For several years he has been in the banking business at Hiawatha and Leavenworth. In 1894 he was nominated for governor by the Republican state convention on a platform advocating protection of the products of the farm as well as of the factory, and was elected by a plurality of over 30,000. (The National Cyclopedia of American Biography, by James Terry White, 1898, Page 347)

JOHN W. LEEDY

John W. Leedy, thirteenth governor of Kansas (1897- ) was born in Richland county, O., March 8, 1849. His ancestors came from Switzerland many generations ago, settling in Pennsylvania. Some of their descendants subsequently removed to Ohio. They were all members of the religious sect called Dunkards, so distinguished for the simplicity of their manner of life, their consistent piety, strength of character and sterling integrity. Mr. Leedy was thrown upon his own resources at a tender age by the death of his father, and began the battle of life as a farm hand. His opportunities for obtaining an education were extremely limited; the rudiments obtained by attendance at the public schools a few months, during the winter seasons, covered the whole course of his instruction. In 1865, at the age of fifteen he attempted to enlist in the Federal service, in a company of volunteers then leaving Richland county for the army of the Potomac, but on account of his age and the protest of his mother, he ws not accepted. He remained withthe company, however, and participated int he campaigns and battles of the regiment to which it was assigned until the close of the war. After his return in 18655, he went to Pierceton, Ind., where for three years he was engaged as clerk in a store. This occupation proved too confining; his health failed and he ws compelled to seek employment of a different nature. In 1868 he went to Carlinsville, Ill., where he obtained work upon a farm and continued in this employment for five years. Having improved the opportunities that were afforded him, and saved his small earnings, at the close of this term of labor, with health renewed, he was able to purchase a small farm and begin business on his own account. In 1875 he was married to Sarah J. Boyd, of Frederickstown, O., and in 1880 removed to Coffey county, Kansas. He prospered for a time here at farming and stock raising, and accumulated a competence; but later met with business reverses and in settlement with his creditors turned over to them all the property he possessed. Gov. Leedy was reared a Republican, but joined the Democracy in 1872 and affiliated with that party until the birth of the People's party or Populists, when he cast in his fortunes with that organization, and began his successful political career. He was elected state senator for the fifteenth senatorial district in 1892 and became a conspicuous figure in that body. He had charge of the Australian ballot bill in the senate, and as its champion secured its passage in its present form. He has been a constant advocate of the various reforms that have from time to time been put forth by his party and has ably contended for state regulation and control of railroad roates and corporations. He was elected governor of Kansas in 1896. His home is at Lawrence, Kansas. (The National Cyclopedia of American Biography, by James Terry White, 1898, Pages 347-348)

LYMAN UNDERWOOD HUMPHREY

Lyman Underwood Humphrey, governor of Kansas was born in Stark county, Ohio, July 25, 1844; son of Col. Lyman Humphrey, a lawyer of distinction, who died in 1852. At the outbreak of the civil war he enlisted as a private at the age of seventeen in the 76th Ohio infantry. He was promoted first lieutenant and acting adjutant of his regiment and was captain of a company for a full year before he was out of his minority. He was in the battles of Fort Donelson, Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, the siege of Vicksburg and the several conflits around that city, at Chattanooga and the campaign around Atlanta. He was with Sherman in his march to the sea, and participated in the capture of Savannah; was wounded at Pittsburg Landing and again at Chattanooga, and took part in the battle of Bentonville and in the capture of General Johnston's army. During his four years; service he was not absent from his post in the army for a single day, and when wounded at Chattanooga he refused to leave the field and participated in the battle till the close. When the war ended he attended Mount Union college and studied law at the University of Michigan, 1866-67, but did not graduate. In 1868 he was admitted to the bar, and soon afterward removed to Independence, Kansas where he became connected with the Southern Kansas Tribune. In 1876 he was chosen to represent his district in the state legislature. In 1877 he was nominated by the Republican state central committee for lieutenant-governor, to fill a vacancy, and was elected by a large majority. In 1879 he was re-elected to the same office by over 40,000 majority. In 1884 he was elected state senator from Montgomery county, and in 1888 was elected governor, receiving 72,000 majority, the largest popular majority that had ever been given to a governor in Kansas. He was re-elected in 1890 by a large plurality, serving as governor, 1889-93. (The Cyclopedia of American Biography, Volume 4, written by John Howard Brown)

Lyman U. Humphrey, private, compani I, Seventy-sixth regiment Ohio volunteer infantry; enlisted October 7, 1861, promoted to second lieutenant company D May 25, 1864; transferred to company E October 25, 1864; promoted to first lieutenant company I January 6, 1865; acting adjutant since July 1, 1865; mustered out with company July 15, 1865. (Collections of the Kansas State Historical Society, Volume 12, by Kansas State Historical Society, 1912, page 17)

THE ADMINISTRATION OF WILLIAM EUGENE STANLEY

By Mrs. Edith Connelley Ross

William Eugene Stanley, fifteenth Governor of Kansas, was born December 28, 1844, in Knox County, Ohio. In 1869 his parents moved to Hardin County where he was reared to manhood.

Stanley's father was a physician, and a man of good character and much influence in the community. He sent his son through the common schools. Later Stanley entered the Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, Ohio. However, he left this institution before his graduation and entered the office of Bain & King at Kenton where he studied law. Afterwards he continued his studies in the firm of Conover & Craighead, at Dayton. He was admitted to the bar in 1868.

Two years after he received his diploma he came to Kansas and located in Jefferson County where he began the practice of his profession. Soon after settling in Jefferson County he was elected County Attorney.

He located at Wichita in 1872. He served as County Attorney of Sedgwick County three terms. Following his last term as County Attorney he was elected to the State Legislature. He served one term in that body. An appointment as Judge of the Court of Appeals was tendered to him by Governor Morrill but this honor he declined.

In 1876 Mr. Stanley was married to Miss Emma L. Hillis of Wichita, Kansas. Of this union were born three children, two sons and a daughter.

Mr. Stanley followed his law practice industriously and became well known to the state at large as an honest intelligent hard-working man.

The Republican State Convention which met at Hutchinson in June 1898 nominated him as the candidate for Governor. He was elected by a large majority. During this administration marked progress was made in the recovery from the effects of the "boom" of the eighties. Speaking of the spirit of that time, Prentis says:

The late summer of 1899 found the State in peace. This political contests, which had been sharp and severe for some years and marked with mutations of fortune, had taught Kansas people that the State was safe in the hands of its honest citizens, without regard to their part designations. An era of good feeling prevailed. The losses sustained in the collapse following the boom of 1887 had been largely made up. A singular feature of the recovery in the boom towns which in their speculative days had scattered their houses over a great area was their practical consolidation. Houses which had stood in empty desolution in the midst of boundless additions were removed nearer to the actual center of population, renovated and repaired and became again places of business and the homes of men.

The discharge of the heavy public and private indebtedness of Kansas was going on at a rate that surprised financial authorities, but the explanation was found in the great natural resources of the State. When asked how Kansas in seven years paid off more than $100,000,000 of debt, it was answered that in those seven years, Kansas produced four billion dollars' worth of farm products and live stock.

Governor Leedy had been centured for calling a special session of the Legislature to enact laws to regulate the railroads, through the Court of Visitation. Governor Stanley, while recommending a much more conservative policy and much more leniency towards the railroads, still displayed a firm inclination to support the Leedy measure and give it a fair test. However, a suit to test the validity of the Court resulted in its being declared unconstitutional.

As a measure of economy, Governor Stanley urged on the Legislature the abolition of many useless offices, but no steps were taken by that body along this line. Acts were passed appropriating money to complete the State House, to establish a binding twine plant at the penitentiary to create a Traveling Library Commission, and many other measures demanded by the growing needs of the State.

By the Legislature of 1901 a new Board of Railroad commissioners was created and their duties defined. An appropriation of $47,000 was made to pay the transportation of the Twentieth Kansas. The good roads question was agitated a commission appointed, its powers and duties defined and a tax levy fixed to meet the expenses.

Joseph R. Burton was elected United States Senator by the Legislature. This body also accepted the Pike-Pawnee Village site as a gift to the State, and appropriated $3,000 to appropriately mark and fence the place.

A strike of the convicts at the penitentiary in 1901 resulted in the killing of two of them and the punishment of the ringleaders. There was also a revolt at the United States prison at Fort Leavenworth in which twenty-seven convicts escaped. Eighteen of these were killed or captured within a few days.

After retiring from the Governor's office, Mr. Stanley returned to Wichita and resumed his law practice. This profession he continued to follow until his death, which occurred October 13, 1910. (History of Kansas State People by William E. Connelley, Volume II, 1928, pages 730-732)

THE ADMINISTRATION OF WILLIS J. BAILEY

By, Mrs. Edith Connelley Ross

Willis J. Bailey was born in Carroll County, Illinios, October 12, 1854. He received his education in the common schools at Mount Carroll High School and at the University of Illinois. He graduated from this latter institution in 1879. His intention had been to study law, but his life as a Kansas farmer never gave him the necessary time. However, his alma mater conferred the degree of LL. D. on him in 1904. In 1879 Mr. Bailey came to Kansas in company with his father. They located in Nemaha County.

Mr. Bailey saw the richness of the soil and the vast opportunities the future held for Kansas land. So he resolved to possess as much of it as possible. He first bought eight hundred acres, to which he has since added much. The land increased in value with marvelous rapidity and this together with stock raising made him one of the wealthy men of Kansas. The town of Baileyville was founded on a corner of the Bailey farm, and the surrounding country became thickly settled. Large rich farms in a fine state of cultivation mark that portion of the country.

Mr. bailey is an earnest republican. In 1888 he was elected to the Legislature and in 1890 he was re-elected. He was President of the Republican State League in 1893 but was defeated as the republican candidate for Congress from the First District in 1896. In June 1898, he was nominated for Congressman-at-large by the Republican State Convention at Hutchinson, and elected. At the end of his term he went back to the farm where he remained until he was nominated for Governor of Kansas in 1902. He was elected and began his term in January 1903.

It was urged against him in the campaign both in jest and seriously, that he was unmarried. But this cause of criticism he soon removed. While Governor, he married Mrs. Ida B. Weed.

The Legislature of 1903 elected Chester I. Long, United States Senator. Acts were passed providing for tuition fees at State Institutions, continuing the bounty on sugar beets, prohibiting the use of the slot machine as a gambling device, placing suburban electric railways under control of the Board of Railroad Commissioners, appropriating $100,000 for the Louisiana Exposition and other important acts.

Heavy floods in the spring of 1903 did much damage to Kansas. The greatest losses were sustained at Topeka, Lawrence and Kansas City. Much property was destroyed and many people were drowned. So serious was the situation that Governor Bailey called a special session of the Legislature to deal with it. Attempts to make direct appropriations for the relief of the flood suffers failed, but means enabling them to help themselves were found. And $33,000 was raised for their relief by Kansas people.

In the second year of Governor Bailey's term, Joseph R. Burton, United States Senator from Kansas was tried on a bribery charge and convicted. He was sentenced to a fine of $2,500 and six months imprisonment. Many people believed his prosecution malicious and that he had not violated any law, either moral or statutory.

In 1904, Kansas towns again suffered from floods, though not so severely as in the previous years.

Beginning Monday, May 30, 1904 a three-days' celebration of the Semi-Centennial Anniversary of the organization of the Kansas Territory under the Kansas-Nebraska Act was held at Topeka.

Kansas was well represented at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition and Kansas Day there was fittingly celebrated.

The State Capitol of Kansas was finally completed in 1903. It has been thirty-three years in building.

At the close of his term as Governor, Mr. Bailey removed to Atchison and in 1907 became vice president and manager of the Exchange National bank of that city.

Though often urged to become a candidate for high offices by the republican party, since his retirement, Mr. Bailey has never been active in the political field. He was elected a director of the Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank in July 1914. (History of Kansas State People by William E. Connelley, Volume II, 1928, pages 733-734)

THE ADMINISTRATION OF EDWARD W. HOCH

By, Mrs. Edith Connelley Ross

Edward W. Hoch, seventeenth Governor of Kansas, was born at Danville, Kentucky March 17, 1849. He attended the common schools of that place, after which he entered the Central University of Danville. However, he did not remain until his graduation but left school to enter a newspaper office. He spent three years learning to be a printer after which he came to Kansas. In Marion County he pre-empted 160 acres of land and became a farmer.

He soon gave up farming for the life of a country editor. He had many a hard struggle to keep his enterprise afloat, and it seemed at times that the paper was foredoomed to failure. In addition to the usual trials of the country editor, Hoch suffered much loss through the grasshoppers in 1874. It took him till 1876 to fully recover and pay up all his debts.

On May twenty-third of that year he was united in marriage with Miss Sarah L. Dickerson of Marion. They have four children, two sons and two daughters.

Hoch was a staunch republican; his paper strongly advocated republican principles. He was recognized by the republican leaders as a man to be considered in settling party matters. He was elected to the Legislature in 1888 and again in 1892. This latter term was during the Legislature War and Mr. Hoch worked hard to gain recognition for the republican house.
In 1894 he was urged to become a candidate for Governor. He did not do so but in 1904 he was nominated and elected by the republican party. He was re-elected in 1905.

The feature of the Legislature of 1905 was the contest of the State of Kansas with the Standard Oil Company. The oil resource of Kansas reached an advanced stage of development prior to this time. Oil fields in Neosho, Wilson, Montgomery, Chautauqua, Franklin and Miami counties were brought up to a production of over 3,000,000 barrels a year. It was a new industry in Kansas and there were no laws governing the oil business. The oil producers felt the need of such laws and determined to secure their enactment if possible. On the twelfth of January a meeting was held in the office of H. E. West at Peru, Kansas. William E. Connelley was directed to draft a call they assembled at Topeka, and on the 19th of January, Connelly formulated the following resolutions, which were adopted by this meeting, and which organized the Kansas Oil Producers Association. They also outlined the laws believed necessary for the conservation and future development of the oil business.

Resolved, that it is the sense of this association that the State of Kansas ought to erect and maintain a refinery for oil, of the capacity of at least 5,000 barrels daily.

Resolved, That it the sense of this association that a law should be enacted by the present legislature making all pipe-lines now built and those to be constructed in the future for the transportation of oil common carriers, subject to all the laws, duties and obligations of the same, and that said lines be regulated in all matters by some competent authority to be designated by the legislature.

Resolved. That is the sense of this association that the legislature ought to protect the industries of this state by a law providing heavy penalties for its violation and which should prohibit any dealer owner or manufacturer from selling his products at a lower price in one portion of the state than in another portion and destroying competition in manufacture, trade and commerce.

Resolved. That is the sense of this association that the present legislature should by law provide for transportation rates and charges by railroads and pipelines that will enable the producers of oil in this state to sell their product or any portion thereof at a fair profit for fuel and other purposes.

Resolved. That it is the sense of this association that the present legislature should provide a competent board of inspection to be supported by reasonable fees collected for services performed, to protect the resources of the state by the proper action concerning dry, abandoned, imperfect, exhausted or dangerous oil or gas wells. Also for the inspection and proper grading of the crude oil produced in the state and having authority to act upon the appeal of producers or purchasers in case of dispute.

Resolved. That it is the sense of the Kansas oil producers in convention assembled, that the action of Governor Hoch in recommending such legislation as will protect the Kansas producers of crude petroleum and the refiners of the same from the crushing and throttling grasp of monopolistic influences is most heartily and sincerely commended as the act of a man to whom the interests and welfare of the people of this state are very dear; and we furthermore thank him from our innermost hearts for his manly actions and his mode of encouragement to the oil producers of the state.

Resolved. That the thanks of this association be tendered all the members of the present legislature for the manifest disposition shown to preserve and foster the oil industries of Kansas.

Governor Hoch aided in securing the enactment of the seven laws demanded. That providing for the erection of a State refinery was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme court. The other laws have stood the test of time and have demonstrated the wisdom of their enactment. The Anti-Discrimination law has proven one of the most beneficial ever enacted. It immediately reduced the price of kerosene in the territory west of Manhattan from an average of twenty-one cents a gallon to an average of twelve cents a gallon. On the one item of oil it has saved annually to the people of Kansas at least six hundred thousand dollars. It is a general law, and applies to packing-house products, flour, and all other manufactured articles. It is a conservative estimate to say that the Anti-Discrimination law has saved the people of Kansas annually one million dollars since its enactment.

Other important acts of this Legislature provided for the uniformity of railroad freight rates, the regulating of the working hours of railroad employees and the prohibition of special privileges. A child labor law was passed and an act was also passed providing juvenile courts. Provision was made for a State Printing Plant. The D. A. R. were given an appropriation to mark the old Santa Fe Trail.

From September 26 to 29, the Pike Centennial was celebrated in Republic County and by the school children generally over the State.

The Legislature of 1907 elected Charles Curtis United States Senator. An act was passed by this Legislature reducing the railroad fare from three to two cents per mile, and an anti-pass law was enacted. A tax law providing for the assessment and taxation of property at its real value was passed.

In 1908 Governor Hoch called a special session of the Legislature at which he urged the enactment of a primary election law, giving the people a chance to express their choice for United States Senator. This act was passed along with several others.
Since he retired from the Governor's office, Mr. Hoch has done much in the lecture field. His eloquence has made him a favorite on the lecture platform. His son has active management of his paper. The family resides at Marion. He is now a member of the Board of Administration, in charge of the educational institutions of the State. (History of Kansas State People by William E. Connelley, Volume II, 1928, pages 735-737)


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