KANSAS

INDIAN RAIDS

In Lincoln County, Kansas, 1864 and 1869

Story of Those Killed, With a History of the Monument Erected to Their Memory in Lincoln Court House Square, May 30, 1909

BY

C. BERNHARDT

LINCOLN, KANSAS THE LINCOLN SENTINEL PRINT

1910

PREFACE

In preparing- this little book, I have had in view one purpose: the correction of former errors in the names of victims, and in the location of the events for which the Pioneer Monument stands. The public records have been my main guide, supplemented by such information as can now be had from the pioneers and scouts. It has necessarily required a good deal of work and research to find out what happened here forty-six years ago, but I have good proof that my version is in every respect correct.

I am under obligations to Hon. Thomas Anderson of Salina, for most of the information of 1864, and to Probate Judge Supple, ,also of Salina, for courtesies extended in giving me an opportunity to copy the Moffitt brothers administration records; to the Clerk of the Court of Junction City for aiding me in getting facts from records there; also to J. J. Peate and Waldo Hancock of Beverly; to Ferdinand Erhardt, Martin Hendrickson and A. Roenigk of Lincoln Center, and to Christian Christiansen of Denmark, and to a few others. To all of you I extend my thanks. Very respectfully,
C. BERNHARDT.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER I

PAGE

Massacre of the First Settlers, 1864

6

Extract from Letter of John L. Moffitt

6

Letter from Thomas Moffitt

6

Troops on Kansas Frontier in 1864

8

Report of Moffitt Massacre by Capt. Henry Booth

9

Defence of Moffitt House

11

Houston and Tyler Identified

12

Burial of the Murdered Men

12

Number of Indians in the Battle

13

Skulls in Bullfoot Cave

14

Removal of the Bodies of the Moffitt Brothers

15

Letter of Robert N. Moffit to His Mother

16

Admiministration of the Moffitt Estate

17

Early Probate Records of Saline County

22

Character of the Moffitts

23

Preservation of the Battlefield of 1864

24

CHAPTER II

 
Indian Massacre of 1869

25

The Coming of Settlers to Denmark

25

First Accident

26

Additions to the Settlement

27

Raid of May 30, 1869

28

Death of Lauritzen and Wife, and of Otto Petersen

28

Death of Weichell & Meigherhoff, & Mrs. Weichell made Prisoner

29

Mrs. Alderdice made Prisoner, Her Children Shot or Killed

29

Mrs. Kine's Statement of the Alderdice Affair

31

Captivity of Mrs. Alderdice and Mrs. Weichell

32

Shooting of John H. Strange and Arthur Schmutz

32

Burial of the Dead in 1869

33

Return of Settlers to their Claims

34

Eli Ziegler's Account of the Spillman Creek Raid

34

The Schermerhorn Ranch

41

Railroad Construction Gang Attacked

41

Indian Outrages of 1868

42

Lack of Military Protection in 1864 and 1869

43

Scouts of the Saline Valley

44

Character of the Murdered Settlers of 1864 and 1869

45

Watermelons in Cold Storage

47

Other Hardships of Pioneering

47

Making a Home of a Homestead

48

Note

49

CHAPTER III

 
The Pioneer Monument and Pictures

51

Monument Selected

52

Selection of Monument Site

53

Inscription on Monument

53

Subscriptions to Monument Fund

54

Laying the Corner Stone

55

Unveiling of the Monument

56

Search of Biographical Data for Monument

57

Henry Sahlmann the Builder of the Monument

61

Financial Statement

61

Death of James R. Mead

61

Erratum

62



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