KANSAS

INDIAN REGIMENTS


Many of the Five Civilized Tribes remained loyal to the Union during the Civil War. Hundreds of these loyal Indians were compelled to leave their tribes cause of the hostilities of their brethren at the instigation of the Southern Confederacy. General Albert Pike made treaties with these tribes by which they attempted to take their territory into the Southern Confederacy. Many of the Indians, in pursuance of this treaty, enlisted in the Southern armies. These made war on those who wished to remain loyal to the Union. They became refugees in Southern Kansas, assembling mostly in the country of the Osages, the majority of whom remained loyal. The Government authorized the organization of the Indian regiments of these refugees and any other loyal Indians desiring to enlist in the Union army. The Indian regiments were officered by Kansas soldiers. There were Indians from all of the Five Civilized Tribes in these regiments. It is possible that the Cherokees furnished more recruits than any other tribe.

Soon after the Cherokees settled in the country now embraced in Oklahoma, a Baptist mission was established among them by a Rev. Mr. Jones, Cincinnati, Arkansas. Jones taught the Indians, principally full-blood Cherokees, anti-slavery sentiments. When one was converted to the belief against slavery, he was given a pin or badge to wear. These came to be known as "Pin Indians," from the fact that they wore these distinctive pins. In the Civil War, will be found many references to Pin Indians, and it was believed necessary to state here the origin of the name.

The field and staff of each of the three Indian regiments is set out:

FIRST INDIAN REGIMENT

NAMES

RANK

DATE OF COMMISSION

William A. Phillips

Major

June 2, 1862

James A. Phillips

Major

July 10, 1862

J. H. Gillpatrick

First Lieut & Adj.

November 1, 1862

Salmon S. Prouty

First Lieut. & R. Q. M.

June 21, 1862

John Chess

First Lieut. & Adj.

May 28, 1863

Alfred F. Bicking

First Lieutenant

September 10, 1862

Ferdinand R. Jacobs

First Lieutenant

September 10, 1862

Robert T. Thompson

First Lieutenant

April 1, 1863

Francis J. Fox

First Lieutenant

September 10, 182

Albert Flanders

First Lieutenant

July 1, 1863

Benj. F. Ayres

First Lieutenant

March 29, 1863

Milford J. Burlingame

First Lieutenant

December 29, 1863

Frederick Crafts

First Lieutenant

September 10, 1862

Eli C. Lowe

First Lieutenant

September 10, 1862

William Roberts

Second Lieutenant

July 1, 1863

John D. Young

Second Lieutenant

August 25, 1864

SECOND INDIAN REGIMENT

NAME

RANK

DATE OF COMMISSION

John Ritchie

Colonel

 
Fred W. Schuarte

Lieut. Colonel

 
E. W. Robinson

First Lieut. & Adj.

 
John C. Palmer

First Lieut. & Adj.

 
George Huston

First Lieut. & R. Q. M.

 
A. J. Ritchie

Surgeon

 
M. A. Campdorus

Assistant Surgeon

 
James H. Bruce

Captain

May 27, 1863

Joel Moody

Captain

 
Charles Lenhart

First Lieutenant

October 15, 1862

John M. Hunter

First Lieutenant

September 14, 1862

James M. Bruce

First Lieutenant

 
William H. Kendall

First Lieutenant

December 8, 1862

John Moffitt

First Lieutenant

 
E. P. Gilpatrick

First Lieutenant

 
A. J. Waterhouse

First Lieutenant

 
Silas Hunter

First Lieutenant

June 2, 1862

David A. Painter

First Lieutenant

June 2, 1862

______ Scott

First Lieutenant

June _, 1862

THIRD INDIAN REGIMENT

NAME

RANK

DATE OF COMMISSION

William A. Phillips

Colonel

July 11, 1862

John A. Foreman

Major

July 11, 1862

William Galliher

First Lieut. & Adj.

July 11, 1862

Alfred Larzelere

First Lieut & R. Q. M.

July 11, 1862

A. C. Spillman

Captain

November 4, 1862

Henry S. Anderson

Captain

November 15, 1862

Maxwell Phillips

Captain

May 28, 1863

Solomon Kaufman

Captain

May 28, 1863

Luke Parsons

First Lieutenant

July 11, 1862

John S. Hanway

First Lieutenant

July 11, 1862

Andrew W. Robb

First Lieutenant

July 11, 1862

Harmon Scott

First Lieutenant

July 11, 1862

Benjamin Whitlow

First Lieutenant

July 11, 1862

Charles Brown

First Lieutenant

April 1, 1863

William McCullough

Second Lieutenant

December 31, 1862

Basil G. McCrea

Second Lieutenant

December 31, 1862

Jule C. Cayott

Second Lieutenant

May 28, 1863

(History of Kansas State and People, William E. Connelley, Volume II, 1928, pages 854-856)

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