KANSAS

FORTS IN KANSAS

Camp Ewing 1864-1865
Cantonment Martin 1818-1820
Fort Atkinson 1850-1854
Fort Aubrey 1865-1866
Fort Bain 1857-1858
Fort Belmont 1860-1864
Fort Blair (Baxter) 1862-1865
Fort Brooks 1864
Fort Cavagnial 1744-1764
Fort Clifton 1862-1863
Fort Dodge 1865-1885
Fort Downer 1867=1868
Fort Hamilton 1858
Fort Harker 1864-1880
Fort Hays 1865-1889
Fort Henning 1861-
Fort Insley 1861-
Fort Jewell 1870
Fort Kanses 1700's
Fort Lane 1856-1857
Fort Larned 1859-1878
Fort Leavenworth 1827-
Fort Lincoln 1861-1864
Fort Mann 1846-1848
Fort Montgomery (Grennwood County) 1861-1868
Fort Montgomery (Linn County) 1855-1871
Fort Monument 1865-1868
Fort Riley 1852-
Fort Saunders 1855-1856
Fort Scott 1842-1865
Fort Titus 1855-1856
Fort Wakarusa 1856-
Fort Wallace 1865-1882
Fort Zarah 1864-1869

CANTONMENT MARTIN

Cantonment Martin, the first military post in Kansas under the authority of the United States government, was established on Isle au vache, or Cow Island, in Oct., 1818, when Capt. Wyly Martin with a detachment of the Third rifle regiment, reached the island as the advance guard of Maj. Long's expedition and went into winter quarters. A fort of cottonwood logs was erected and named "Cantonment Martin," for the commander of the detachment. John O'Fallon, afterward a prominent citizen of St. Louis, was the post sutler. It was Capt. Martin's intention to vacate the cantonment early in the spring of 1819 and continue his march westward, but his supplies failed to arrive as expected, and he remained at the post until the arrival of the main body of the expedition under Maj. Long in July. A council was held here with the Kansas Indians. (Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, edited by Frank W. Blackmar, Vol. I, page 280, 1912)

FORT ATKINSON

Fort Atkinson, one of the early military posts erected along the line of the Santa Fe trail, was located on the Arkansas river, about 26 miles below "The Crossing." The place known as "The Crossing" was not far from the present town of Cimarron, the county seat of Gray county, hence the location of Fort Atkinson was in what is now Ford county, some 6 or 8 miles up the river from Dodge City. On Aug. 8, 1850, Col. E. V. Sumner established "Camp Mackay" on the site, after a "treaty talk" had been held there with the Indians. Col. Sumner notified the war department on Sept. 10, 1850, that the spot was a suitable location for a permanent post. It was approved by General Order No. 44, dated Dec. 16, 1850, and Maj. Hoffman, with Company D, Sixth United States infantry, was ordered to begin the erection of the fort as soon as the weather will permit. The fort was built of sod, covered with poles, brush, sod and canvas, and when completed was garrisoned by a detachment of the Sixth infantry commanded by Capt. Buckner. The post continued to be known as Camp Mackay until June 25, 1851, when the name was changed to Fort Atkinson. The soldiers quartered there gave it the name of "Fort Sod, and later Fort Sodom, the latter no doubt having been inspired by the unsanitary conditions of the place and the fact that it was infested with vermin. While it was occupied by Capt. Buckner and his men, the fort was besieged by a large body of Comanches and Kiowas, who surrounded the fort and endeavored to cut off supplies. The garrison was relieved by the timely arrival of Maj. Chilton with a detachment of the First dragoons. Fort Atkinson was occupied by garrison until Sept. 22, 1853, when it was abandoned. It was temporarily reoccupied in June, 1854, by Companies F and H of the Sixth infantry, but on Oct. 2, 1854, the post was abandoned and the buildings destroyed to prevent their occupancy by the Indians. On Aug. 4, 1855, a post office was established at Fort Atkinson, with Pitcairn Morrison as postmaster, but it was discontinued on June 5, 1857. (Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, edited by Frank W. Blackmar, Vol. I,1912, page 656)

FORT AUBREY

About the close of the Civil war a number of volunteer regiments were ordered to the western frontier to quell Indian uprisings, and these men erected several temporary fortifications at various points along the border of civilization. One of these was Fort Aubrey, which was located on section 23, township 24, range 40 west, on Spring creek, about two and a half miles from its mouth, not far from the present village of Mayline in Hamilton county. It was built by Companies D and F, Forty-eighth Wisconsin infantry, under the command of Capt. Adolph Whitman. The exact date of its establishment is not certain, but it was late in August or early in Sept., 1865. It was abandoned on April 15, 1866. (Kansas: A Cyclopedia of Kansas, edited by Frank W. Blackmar, 1912, Vol. I, page 657)

FORT BAIN

Fort Bain, a famous rendezvous for John Brown and Capt. James Montgomery during the years 1857-58, was a log cabin built by a settler named Bain, and was located in the northern part of Bourbon county, on the north side of the Osage river, about 7 or 8 miles from the Missouri line. Redpath, in his life of John Brown, says 50 men in fort Bain could have resisted a force of 500. According to the same authority, it was here that John Brown planned his invasion of Missouri in Dec., 1858. After the troubles of the territorial days were settled by the admission of Kansas, Fort Bain continued to be occupied as a peaceful residence for some years, when it gave way to a better structure. (Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, edited by Frank W. Blackmar, 1912, Vol. I, page 657)


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