Osborne County, Kansas
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Osborne County Website
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Osborne County History
Founded: February 26, 1867
The county seat is Osborne.

     Named in honor of Vincent B. Osborne, Private of Company A, 2nd Kansas Cavalry, who lost his right leg January 17, 1865, on the steamer Anna Jacobs on the Arkansas River. He was distinguished for his courage in the Civil War, and who in 1867 settled at Ellsworth, Ellsworth county.

The county has a total area of 894 square miles, of which 893 square miles is land, and 1.9 square miles is water. The county is intersected by the south fork of the Solomon River. The surface is rolling and consists mostly of prairies. Medicine Peak, in the eastern part and Round Mound in the southwest, are the most important heights. Bottom lands average a mile in width and comprise 20% of the total area. Native timber is not abundant, but many acres of artificial forest have been planted.

The two branches of the Solomon River and their tributaries form the water system. The north fork enters from Smith County and flows southeast across the northeast corner. The south fork enters in the west from Rooks County and flows east through the second tier of townships from the north. It has numerous tributaries. Limestone, sandstone, potter's clay and gypsum are found in considerable quantities.

The geodetic center of North American is located within this county. The geographic center of the 48 contiguous states is located in neighboring Smith County.

The First National Bank Building, located at the NW corner of Main St, Osborne KS was built of local limestone with a pressed metal cornice. ElizabethAnn625 comments: "It also housed the newspaper offices too when I was a child there."

The Courthouse in Osborne was built between 1907-1908 of Postrock Limestone; in the Romanesque Revival Style.

Several counties surrounding and including Osborne are in the Physiographic Area of Kansas called the "Smoky Hills".

The Last Indian Fight in Osborne County was on July 2, 1870. Some 200 yards south of Bullock Bros. Ranch. A marker was erected in 1938.

A Big Cottonwood Tree
Source: Plainville Times, 24 May 1917
The largest tree in Osborne County is a cottonwood. It stands eleven miles due east of Osborne on the banks of the Solomon. It is 200 or 300 yards from the road and but a short distance from the river. Harlan Parker was but there Friday and put his tape measure around the tree. Five feet from the ground the tree showed a circumference of exactly 20 feet and six inches. Mr. Parker did not ascertain the height. The tree is still in a healthy condition and growing right along. How old it is nobody seems able to tell, but a number have ventured the assertion that it must be at least 200 years old. The massive tree is quite a site, well worth driving out that far to see. - Osborne Farmer

Alton 1870 - Bloomington 1871 - Covert 1880 - Osborne 1871 -
  Downs 1879 - Portis 1871 - Natoma 1888

Grant 1879 - Hawkeye 1879 - Lawrence 1879 - Bethany - Ross - Sumner
- Tilden 1872 - Penn - Corinth 1872 - Mt. Ayr 1880 -  Kill Creek 1872 - Independence 1872 - Hancock 1886 - Bloom - Round Mound 1879 - Victor 1878 - Covert 1880 - Winfield 1872 - Natoma 1889 - Liberty - Valley 1880 - Jackson 1879 - Delhi 1878

Communities included in Solomon Valley Highway Heritage Alliance
Alton - Bloomington - Osborne - Portis - Downs

Osborne County Data


Death Records


Wills/Probate Records

Website Updates:


Bios: C.T. Hart
News: Church: The Spooner Evangelistic Meetings; Rev. Brehm Called Permanently
News: Marriage: Wetenberger-Winneigner; Angell-Dutton; Garner-Conrad; Griswold-Dickerson; Paynter-Carswell; Dorr-Sanford; Gillette-Belleau; Hendrickson-Katzel;
Obits: Jacob Curl; Mrs. Helen Paynter; Mrs. Eliza Pierce; Emmett Francis Caldwell; James Samuel Thompson; John Kierns; Franklin Keith Gingrich; Walter C. Earl; Fanny Schweitzer; Mary Blagrave; James Morton; John Nickel; Sidney Franklin Duel; Nellie Sheldon; John Frederick Blauer; Henry Lake Farrington; Lizzie Louise Cevely; C.T. Hart; James E. Hopton; Nathan Eaton; Sarah Kurtz; William Mellinger; J.F Isenberger; Jacob Swartz; William L. Brown; Ernest Leighton; Carl Katzel;
Secret Societies: 1895




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Surrounding Counties
* Phillips - northwest
Ellis - southwest
Russell - south
Mitchell - east
Lincoln - southeast
Smith - north
* Jewell - northeast
* Rooks - west
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