Kansas Genealogy Trails

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Osborne County, Kansas
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Osborne County
Founded: February 26, 1867
The county seat is Osborne.

Named in honor of Vincent B. Osborne, Private of Company A, 2nd Kansas Cavalry, who lost his right leg January 17, 1865, on the steamer Anna Jacobs on the Arkansas River. He was distinguished for his courage in the Civil War, and who in 1867 settled at Ellsworth, Ellsworth county.

The county has a total area of 894 square miles, of which 893 square miles is land, and 1.9 square miles is water. The county is intersected by the south fork of the Solomon River. The surface is rolling and consists mostly of prairies.  Medicine Peak, in the eastern part and Round Mound in the southwest, are the most important heights. Bottom lands average a mile in width and comprise 20% of the total area. Native timber is not abundant, but many acres of artificial forest have been planted. 

The two branches of the Solomon River and their tributaries form the water system. The north fork enters from Smith County and flows southeast across the northeast corner. The south fork enters in the west from Rooks County and flows east through the second tier of townships from the north. It has numerous tributaries. Limestone, sandstone, potter's clay and gypsum are found in considerable quantities.

The geodetic center of North American is located within this county.  The geographic center of the 48 contiguous states is located in neighboring Smith County.

The First National Bank Building, located at the NW corner of Main St, Osborne KS was built of local limestone with a pressed metal cornice. ElizabethAnn625 comments: "It also housed the newspaper offices too when I was a child there." 

The Courthouse in Osborne was built between 1907-1908 of Postrock Limestone; in the Romanesque Revival Style. 

Several counties surrounding and including Osborne are in the Physiographic Area of Kansas called the "Smoky Hills". 

The Last Indian Fight in Osborne County was on July 2, 1870. Some 200 yards soulth of Bullock Bros. Ranch. A marker was erected in 1938.


Cities, Towns, and Villages
Cities: Alton 1870 ~ Bloomington 1871 ~ Covert 1880 ~ Osborne 1871 ~ Downs 1879
~ Portis 1871 ~ Natoma 1888

Townships: Grant 1879 ~ Hawkeye 1879 ~ Lawrence 1879 ~ Bethany ~ Ross ~ Sumner ~ Tilden 1872 ~ Penn ~ Corinth 1872  ~ Mt. Ayr 1880 ~ Kill Creek 1872 ~  Indedpendence  1872 ~ Hancock 1886  ~ Bloom ~ Round Mound 1879 ~ Victor 1878  ~ Covert 1880 ~ Winfield  1872 ~ Natoma 1889 ~ Liberty ~ Valley 1880 ~ Jackson 1879 ~ Dehli 1878

Communities included in Solomon Valley Highway Hertitage Alliance:



Census Records


Family Bibles and Records

Military Records

Miscellaneous Data

Historical News

Obituaries and Death Records

Passenger Lists

School Records

Wills/Probate Records

County Host: Julie Schadek

Visitor # since May 11, 2016

Surrounding Counties

Phillips (northwest)
Rooks (west)
Ellis (southwest)
Smith (north)
Jewell (northeast)
Mitchell (east)
Lincoln (southeast)
Russell (south)

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