RILEY COUNTY, KANSAS

NEWSPAPER ARTICLES

 

Murder of Sheriff Lard

Further Particulars of the Shooting at Leonardsville

Manhattan, Kan., Oct. 21 - Feelings still runs decidedly high concerning the murder of Sheriff Lard yesterday. Stores are numerous and somewhat conflicting. The one most likely to be unexaggerated comes from an eye-witness, as follows.

Lard was standing in the middle of the street in front of the hotel Warner, coming up the east side of the street, crossed over, and stopped directly in front of Lard. Suddenly drawing his hands from his pockets he flashed two pistols in the sheriff's face, yelling "These are your deputy's pistols!"

Lard struck out with his left hand catching Warner's right hand pistol, but could not hold out against the latter's strength. At this Warner commenced shooting, the first shot striking Mr. Lard in the bridge of the nose, the second entered his heart and killed him instantly. Warren fired eight shots in all; Lard but two, which missed aim.

Warren was arrested but a few minutes later in a bock east where he had concealed himself. He was taken at once to Garrison and was brought on here last night.

Though talk of lynching and hanging floated out on the evening zyphyrs from any and all quarters peace reigned - but peace of a modified nature and many thinks that danger is not yet over. (Topeka Weekly Capital, October 22, 1897, page 5)


LYNCHING

May be the Fate of a Desperado Who Murders a Sheriff

Manhattan, Kan., Oct. 20 - A crowd of excited citizens throng the streets here tonight in the vicinity of the county jail, threatening summary vengeance upon Ike Warren, the murderer of Sheriff S. B. Lard, who was killed today at Leonardsville. Warren who had been arrested by the sheriff, shot the latter, killing him and then attempted to escape. His flight was stopped by Banker Sparks, of Leonardsville, who sent a bullet into the neck of the murderer. A summary lynching was prevented only by the hurried removal of the prisoner to Manhattan.

News of the crime was telegraphed here, and when the murderer in charge of six deputies arrived, a crowd gathered and made hostile demonstrations. The six deputies, however, drew revolvers and succeeded in landing their man in jail. At 11 o'clock it is reported that several secret meetings are being held with the intention of organizing for a lynching. (Morning Herald, October 21, 1897, page 5)

MOB AFTER A MURDER

Manhattan, Kas., Oct. 22 - A crowd of excited citizens thronged the streets here Wednesday night in the vicinity of the county jail, threatening summary vengeance upon Ike Warren, the murderer of Sheriff S. B. Lard, who was killed at Leonardsville, a village west of here. Warren, who had been arrested by the sheriff, shot the latter, killing him, and attempted to escape. His flight was stopped by Banker Sparks of Leonardsville, who sent a bullet into the neck of the murderer. A summary lynching there was prevented only by the hurried removal of the prisoner to this place. (Fort Worth Morning Register, October 23, 1897, page 2)

Circumstances of Death:

Sheriff Lard, accompanied by a deputy and the county attorney, was attempting to serve a warrant for disturbing the peace and violation of the prohibitory law on Ike Warren and his wife in Leonardville. The officers took possession of Warren's café. Later, as Sheriff Lard approached Warren on the street, words were exchanged and Warren shot and killed the sheriff. The offender was pursued and captured by citizens of Leonardville.

Cholera At Fort Riley

FORT LEAVENWORTH, K T
August 6th, 1855.

The last railroad accident, steamboat explosion, with sometimes very little damage, is duly reported to you; I consider it, therefore, my duty to give you an account of the ravages caused by cholera at Fort Riley, Kansas Territory.

Some two week ago, Major Ogden, with four hundred citizens, mechanics, stone-cutters, laborers, etc.., went out to Fort Riley, for the purpose of erecting buildings and stables to be occupied during the coming winter by some dragoon companies. Until last Wednesday, the whole command was very healthy, and got along well with their buildings,when the cholera made its appearance, and in forty-eight hours—i. e.,
from Wednesday until Friday noon, it took forty-five to fifty persons to a better world. Major Ogden died last Friday. The wife and two children of Major Woods, the wife of Major Armistead, Sixth Infantry, and forty-five or forty-six citizens, died. All the troops had left, except the Band and
Staff of the Sixth Infantry, one of which the Quartermaster's Sargeant, died also.

Yours, C. M.

Alton Weekly Courier August 16, 1855 (submitted by Janice Rice)

A BULL KILLS A KANSAS FARMER

Leonardville, Kas., March 12---Adam White, a farmer near Mayday, twelve miles northwest of here, was killed by a bull yesterday. We went to do chore about 6 o'clock. His wife became uneasy and called the neighbors. They found him dead in the corral, pitchfork in hand, at 7 o'clock.
(Kansas City Star ~ March 19, 1900)

MRS. H. WISNER VISITING

Mrs. H. Wisner, of Manhattan, Kan., has been visiting at Dr. Bucher's. Mrs. W. is a sister of Mrs. Bucher, and was a former teacher of the West Side schools, in the years 1856-57. Since leaving Batavia many years ago, she has made her home in Kansas and saw it spring up from a wilderness, almost, to a thickly settled and prosperous country.
Batavia (IL) Herald, 12 Oct 1893, submitted by Kim Torp

A KANSAS CHRISTMAS TREE STORY

MANHATTAN --- As winter weather comes to Kansas, harvesting of wheat and other grain crops is complete, or soon will be. However, another harvest is just beginning -- the Christmas tree crop.

Kansas cuts about 150,000 trees per year, according to Dr. Gary Naughton, Extension forester and assistant state forester at Kansas State University. He thinks it won't be long until Kansans cut twice that number.

Residents are planting 500,000 trees annually on Christmas tree farms at an average rate of about 1,000 trees an acre. Naughton predicts that by 1980-81, the state wil be marketing 250,000 to 300,000 trees a year.

There are some 200 active Christmas tree plantations in Kansas and although most are close to large population areas, there is one of some size in every county in the state.

The biggest are the Hoffman Farm, near Alta Vista, and the Delp Farm, near St. John. Both of these farms have more than 100 acres.

There are about 15 growers in the state who have more than 25 acres in Christmas trees, but the majority of producers have small operations of one or two acres.

Most of the Kansas-grown trees are Scotch pine, with some Austrian and eastern white pines and a few red cedar (cut mostly as wild trees and not marketed).

PRACTICAL LIMIT

Naughton sees the practical limit for Kansas-grown trees sales at 500,000. More trees can be exported as production increases, he added.

Currently 15 to 20 percent of the Kansas crop is exported with most of the 20,000 trees going to Oklahoma and Colorado.

Although Colorado has many trees growing wild, changes in policies on public and private land have limited access to these trees for most people. As yet, Colorado does not have significant Christmas tree plantations, such as those found in Kansas.

Michigan and Washington lead the nation in Christmas tree production, but these states are at a considerable distance from Kansas. There is no major source of fresh trees nearby.

It costs the same amount to grow high quality trees in Michigan as in Kansas, so Kansas growers can compete with Michigan-grown trees, Naughton said.

Many Christmas tree plantations in Kansas started in the late 1950's with the soil bank program. Farmers wanted something to grow while the land sat idle.

This will be the 20th year for the Kansas Christmas tree industry and the 15th Christmas when Kansas trees were sold (allowing five years for growth of the trees).

Most of the Kansas growers began with the trees as a sideline to their farming operations. Several planted the trees for retirement and supplemental income.

Until now, growing Christmas trees has been profitable and Naughton expects this to continue.

"Kansas growers are now working for a reputation of a quality product to open export channels," Naughton said.
(Salina Journal ~ December 8, 1977 ~ Submitted by Lori DeWinkler)

TEEL, RUTH

BLAZE KILLS MANHATTAN WOMAN

MANHATTAN, KAS.--- A woman died in a fire late Wednesday at her home despite the efforts of Kansas State university students to rescue her.

Mrs. Ruth Teel, 56, had already died of extensive burns by the time the fire was discovered by her son, who called in students from a fraternity house next door. Authorities suspected she committed suicide.

Students from the Pi Kappa Alpha house fought the blaze at the home 3 blocks west of the K-State campus with a garden hose and 2 fire extinguishers and attempted to drag Mrs. Teel out until they realized she was already dead.

Dr. Phillip H. Hostetter, Riley county coroner, said, "Suicide is a possibility and is being investigated."

Evidence leading to that conclusion was that she had reportedly been despondent recently and that the fire burned only the victim, a rocking chair she was sitting in and a living room rug, he said.

Fire Chief William D. Smith said the rest of the one-story brick veneer house was untouched but suffered extensive smoke damage.

The woman's husband was away at the time of the fire, the chief said.
(Salina Journal ~ Thursday ~ November 8, 1973)

SUICIDE BY FIRE RULED

MANHATTAN, Kan. --- The coroner has ruled that Mrs. Warren Teel, 56, committed suicide by setting herself afire at her home.

Mrs. Teel's body was found in a burning chair Wednesday night.

Dr. Phillip Hostetter, coroner, said his ruling was based on an autopsy that showed the burns were self-induced. Smoke inhalation may have contributed, he said.
(Salina Journal ~ Friday ~ November 9, 1973)

MANY LIVES LOST IN KANSAS WRECK

AT LEAST FIFTEEN KILLED WHEN TRAIN PLUNGES OVER EMBANKMENT


KANSAS CITY, Mo., Oct. 16---At least 15 persons were killed and many were injured today when a motor train on the Union Pacific Railroad plunged down an embankment near Randolph, Kan. A washout caused the accident. One of the cars on the train was submerged in Fancy creek, a local stream, and most of the dead were drowned.

At noon, according to a message from the scene, four bodies had been recovered. Work of rescue then was abandoned until wrecking eqiupment could lift the coach out of the water. Rescuers had been unable to get into the forward compartment, where the greatest loss of life was believed to have occurred. Dr. Atwood and Alma K. Jellin of Garrison, Kan., were the only identified dead up to noon. At that hour it was estimated 40 person had been injured.

According to a message from Randolph the wreck was caused by the washing out of the abutment of the bridge across Fancy Creek, as a result of heavy rains last night. The bridge itself did not give way but when the heavy car struck the embankment it sunk end down into nine feet of water and two or three feet of mud. The car stands almost perpendicular. There were two cars to the train, but the trailer broke loose and remained standing on the tracks.

Railroad officials said the train usually carried many commercial travelers. Today it had as passengers when it left Manhattan a delegation of young women school teachers en route to a teachers' convention which was to have opened at Randolph today.

Dr. Louis Atwood, a Topeka physician, was among the killed.
(Pawtucket Times ~ October 16, 1915)

THIRTEEN KILLED IN KANSAS WRECK

Thirty-Six Injured When Union Pacific Train Plunges Into Creek

MANHATTAN, KAN., Oct. 16---In a temporary morgue here tonight lay the bodies of 10 persons who went to their deaths when Union Pacific motor train No. 759 plunged into Fancy Creek, one mile south of Randolph, Kansas. Three other bodies are in the submerged baggage car. Thirty-six persons were badly cut and bruised.

The identified dead are: Dr. Louis Atwood, Topeka, Kan.; Alma Jellin, Randolph; Theodore Smith, Tecumseh, Neb.; Athel Resper, Stockdale, Kan.; Dora Cyrene, Randolph, Kan.; Robert Cyrene, Randolph, Kan.; Mary Giles, Manhattan, Kan., and A. C. Shaw, Tecumseh, Neb.

Unable to stop his train before reaching the yawning chasm, worn in the embankment by the swollen waters of the creek, the motorman set his brakes and then leaped into the current. The combination baggage and passenger coach plunged into the water, but the trailer containing a party of school teachers struck to the rails.

Mrs. Robert Smith, of Seattle, Wash., was holding her infant son in her arms but when dashed into the partition at the end of the car, she lost her hold. The baby's body is in the submerged end of the death car.

A wild fight for life followed the plunge of the motor car into the water. Terrified women clawed each other and fought with the men to gain the windows and doors. Women broke the glass of the windows with their bare hands while others struggled to get through the opening. Many in the motor car which was hanging with one end submerged, clung to the window ledges until rescued. Others leaped into the water to be rescued when aid came from Randolph. A half dozen women were taken from the water.
(Trenton Evening Times ~ October 17, 1915)

The Cornerstone for the new Bethel A. M. E. Church which will be ready for dedication this summer was laid Sunday, May 15th, 1927, by Dr. J. G. N. Soanes of Kansas City, Kans. Grandmaster of Prince Hall Grand Lodge, A. F. & A. M. of Kansas and its Juristiction with the assistance of Bluemont Lodge No. 87, A. F. & A. M. of Manhattan and visiting Masonic Lodges. Devotional service consisting of appropriate song service by the choir, Invocation by Rev. W. P. Halbert, pastor First Baptist Church, Manhattan, Scripture Reading 11th Chapter Heb. by Rev. D. H. Fisher, pastor First Presbyterian Church, Manhattan, and a very appropriate strong sermon by Dr. O. E. Allison, Pastor First M. E. Church, Manhattan. His text was, "So build me the wall, for the people had a mind to work", Neh 4:6. A large number of visitors from Kansas City, Topeka, Junction City, Paxico, Wamego, Wabansee, Fort Riley and other points were present. The Total collection was cash $112.50, Signed pledges $160.00 making a grand total of $272.50 for the day. Rev. J. D. Arnold, pastor 1st Christian Church, Manhattan, conducted the financial end of our program.

Mrs. Bertha Hattan, Reporter
(Plaindealer ~ Topeka, KS ~ May 27, 1927)

LEONARDVILLE PEOPLE ORGANIZE A STRONG LAW AND ORDER LEAGUE

Leonardville, Kan., Oct. 23---The citizens of Leonardville and vicinity, irrespective of creed or nationality, met in mass meeting last evening in Epelding hall and organized a law and order league for the suppression of lawlessness, and more especially joints. An article or pledge, was drawn up pledging each and every member to report all violations of law of any kind known to them to the proper officers, and also that each member should see that said officer would do his duty.

This uprising of the people arises from the tragedy that occurred here recently on our streets. The killing of Sheriff Lard by I. Warren was a direct result of the violation of the prohibitory law. Of course, it seems very much as the old adage goes, to lock the stable door after the horse is stolen, but our experience here may be a lesson to other communities. The Warren family has been a terror to this community for a number of years on account of their lawlessness, but the people seemed powerless to act; because public sentiment was not in favor of closing the joints they were running. The result is one of our best citizens shot down in cold blood and Warren, the culprit, still living.

The meeting was very enthusiastic. The pledge was signed by nearly every citizen of the community, and an organization perfected, with Mayor M. Silverton as its president, Wm. Karrigan, secretary, and W. H. Sikes, treasurer. Strong resolutions were also passed condemning Under Sheriff Basham for his unbecoming conduct here as under sheriff, he being held indirectly responsible for the death of Sheriff Lard on account of his neglect of official duty.
(Kansas Semi-Weekly Capital ~ Tuesday ~ October 26, 1897)

PREACHER CUT HIS THROAT

Leonardville Minister Evidently Becomes Despondent - Still Lives

Clay Center, Kan., Nov. 17---A. J. Nilander, the young minister of the Swedish church at Leonardville, cut his throat with a small pocket knife yesterday afternoon. He was brouht to this city at once and the wound examined. As yet nothing can be learned as to his probable death or recovery, though his condition is extremelely critical. No cause can be ascertained which led him to the rash act, and his friends assign it to a temporary fit of insanity. Much of his past is shrouded in mystery, and there is likelihood of a dark page, whose memory the young minister may have sought to extinguish in this way. The little town of Leonardville is stirred up to a fever pitch over the tragedy.
(Kansas Semi-Weekly Capital ~ Friday ~ November 20, 1896)

THREE ARE DEAD

Explosion of the Gun Cartridge at Fort Riley More Disastrous Than First Reports Indicated

Fort Riley, Kan., Aug. 21----Private Mackey Sykes, one of the victims of Monday's explosion of a gun cartridge, died of his injuries Tuesday, making three dead in all. Recruit Lloyd's recovery is doubtful. His arm has been amputated and he is suffering from concussion of the brain. The fort surgeon removed one of Sergeant Dennis Mahoney's eyes. He will recover. The other injured are in good condition. The bodies of Watson, Sykes and King are held pending word from relatives.
(Emporia Gazette ~ Wednesday ~ August 21, 1901)

GAY  MANHATTAN

THE  RILEY  COUNTY  TOWN  INDULGES  IN  A  FESTIVAL

An Immense Crowd There to See the Fun and Take Part in the Contests---The Day Was a Decided Success

Manhattan, Kan., Nov. 13 --- Manhattan today witnessed the largest and yelliest crowds in its history.  From early morning until late at night the streets were a seething mass of good natured but noisy humanity.  The contests of the day, for which liberal prizes were awarded, occupied the afternoon and ranged from fat cattle, good butter, and fine cows, to female beauty, and artistic decorations.  The day was without unpleasant features of evil doing, and was a success, pur and unqualified, from beginning to end.  The city itself wore a particularly festive appearance, and its inhabitants rose to meet the occasion.  C. P. Dewey of Chicago, the originator and prime mover in the whole affair, deserves the thanks of the entire community for his generosity.  Manhattan's first carnival will go down on the records as a day never to be forgotten.
(Kansas Semi-Weekly Capital ~ Tuesday ~ November 16, 1897)

FLED  FROM  JUSTICE

THE  TREASURER  OF  RILEY  COUNTY,  KANSAS,  GONE  TO  CANADA

A Shortage in His Accounts Which it Is Said Will Amount to $35,000---His Flight Hastened by the Election of His Successor

Topeka, Kas., Nov. 11 --- Information reached the State authorities today of the disappearance of James N. Fortner, Treasurer of Riley County, with the announcement that there is a shortage of $35,000 in his accounts.  It was first made public in Manhattann yesterday, when Geo. S. Green, a leading attorney and counsel for County Treasurer James M. Fortner, called upon the County Commissioners and other officials and announced that he had received a letter from Fortner that he was at Windsor, Canada, and proposed to stay there unless the Canadian extradition laws should force him to return as a prisoner.

Fortner left Manhattan November 5, ostensibly to go East on business for the county, but in his letter he stated that he had taken the most direct route to Canada, so as to be out of the reach of officers when his successor should come to make an examination of the county treasury.  Nothing is known positively as to the exact amoung of the defalcation, as the safe must be broken open and expert accountants must examine the books carefully.  Fortner was not known to be a speculator, and what he did with the money of the people no one can understand.  His bondsmen are terribly worked up over the matter, as they are under a bond of $150,000.  His books show a shortage of nearly $35,000.

The flight of the County Treasurer was undoubtedly taken as a result of the election, a new man, also a Republican, being chosen his successor, but it was undoubtedly hastened by the fact that on October 19 an affidavit for an alternative write of mandamus was filed in the office of the Supreme Court Clerk by Orville Huntress, a member of the Board of Commissioners of Riley County, against Fortner as Treasurer, who, it was claimed, refused to admit to his office for the purpose of making the regular quarterly examination, provided by law, the Probate Judge and two citizens appointed by the commissioners.  The affidavits said the Judge and committee were refused opportunity to examine the Treasurer's books and accounts and vouchers, or to count the cash, that the Treasurer declined to make his annual settlement with the board, though twice ordered to do so; that at divers time and for divers periods of time he had absented himself from his office and left it in charge of a servant who is incompetent to transact the business, and that the servant also refused admittance to the examining committee.  The County Clerk was left in charge once and likewise denied the board admittance.  The affidavit further charges that Fortner alone knows the combination of the safe, and during his absence from his office all business comes to a standstill.  Justice Johnson on Saturday issued the writ, which commanded the Treasurer to permit the examinations required by law, and to make his annual settlement or appear and show cause for his alleged strange conduct on or before November 11.
(St. Louis Republic ~ Tuesday ~ November 12, 1889)

LONGTIME  CHIEF  OF  RILEY  COUNTY  HOSPITAL  FIRED

Manhattan, Kan. --- Miss Ona Hubert, administrator of Riley County Memorial Hospital here seven years, was fired in a surprise move by the hospital's operating board.

Dr. I. Eugene Thorsen, chairman of the board, said Miss Hubert's termination was by unanimous vote Thursday.  Her resignation was requested and when it was refused, the board adopted the termination resolution.

The action was not publicly announced until Friday.

Miss Hubert declined to comment on the operating board's action.

Paul Schwartz, hospital pharmacist since 1962, was appointed acting administrator by the Riley County Lutheran Hospital Association, which operates the hospital under lease from the Riley County board of county commissioners.

Dr. Thorsen said the action was based on a "decline in patient census, the loss of some professional staff and the feeling that the quality of the hospital operation was in jeopardy."

County Commission chairman Ivan Sands said the action was "a complete surprise" to the commissioners.  After conferring with Cletus Grace and George Rader, the other two commissioners, Sands said:

"We had thought the hospital was in the best condition it had been in for years.  The financial status was the best in the history of the hospital."

The county has been levying the maximum one mill tax each year for hospital operations.

Sands said the commissioners will meet with the operating board and board of trustees, an appointive panel which acts as liaison between the county commissiona nd the operating board.

Reuben Hefley, chairman of the trustees, said he first learned of the planned removal of Miss Hubert during a conversation with Dr. Thorsen Wednesday.  "I advised him to adopt a cautious course and know all the facts before acting," Hefley added.

Hefley said the physical plant is in "the best shape in years" and termed the hospital's financial situation "sound" to the best of his knowledge.

The Lutheran Hospital Association has operated the hospital under lease since it was built.  The lease was renewed more than a year ago.

The hospital was federally reaccredited several months ago.
(Wichita Eagle ~ Sunday ~ July 20, 1969 ~ Submitted by Lori DeWinkler)

WIDOW  FIGHTS  $5  TAX  SALE  OF  HOME

'If  I  Lose,  I  Want  to  Join  My  Husband'

Manhattan, Kan. --- A 71-year-old Manhattan widow, fighting to retain her three-room home that was sold for $5 in a delinquent tax sale, in gentle sobs vowed, "This is my home and nobody's going to take it away from me."

Mrs. Elvera Nelson, with the backing of the Riley County Commission, which admits an error was made, said, "I barely get by on the railroad pension I get and I don't have the money to fight this thing.  But, I'll get it somehow.  I'll stick with them."

Mrs. Nelson said for reasons unknown to her, her late husband failed to pay 1947 taxes of $5.75.  All other taxes from 1943 until 1966 had been paid.  The couple was unaware of the delinquency, according to Mrs. Nelson.  "I would have paid them if I had known," she said.

Riley County commissioners are convinced the sale of the Nelson home for 25 years located on five acres of rocky hilltop property was illegal.  The commission contends Mrs. Nelson was never served personal notice of the tax sale as required by law.

"If I lose it (the house), I suppose I'll have to go on welfare.  But, I'll never do that.  If I have to leave here, I want to go where my husband is."

Harlan (Hiram) Nelson, her husband, died Feb. 20, 1967.  The Nelsons' 50th wedding anniversary would have been last August.

The tax sale was the first in Riley County in about 25 years.

A motion was filed this week in Riley County District Court asking that the sale be set aside and the property be restored to Mrs. Nelson.

Richard Mitchell, Glasco, Kan., was the only bidder on the property, which the Nelsons had purchased for about $750 in 1943.

The motion to set aside the sale was filed by the commissioners after Mitchell failed to answer their letter outlining the mistake and asking him to sign a quitclaim deed, which was enclosed.

"We offered to refund all the money he paid and reimburse him for out-of-pocket expenses," said Ivan Sands, Riley, Kan., County Commission chairman.  "We received no reply from Mitchell."

Donn Everett, former county attorney who was employed by the courts commission to prepare the legal work for the tax sale, is representing the commissioners without charge.

Mitchell has retained John Stites, mayor of Manhattan, to represent him in the legal action, according to EVerett, city commissioner and president of the Manhattan Chamber of Commerce.

"Hiram always paid the taxes, unless he was sick and then I'd go to the courthouse and pay them," said Mrs. Nelson.  "I paid 1966's taxes last June."

Nelson was a section hand for the Union Pacific Railroad.  Before his health failed, he raised cattle, hogs and chickens and had a small garden on his hilltop property, which overlooks the Kansas River.

Mrs. Sherman Heldenbrand, one of Mrs. Nelson's three daughters, has a home adjacent to her mother's property.  They are on the same party line and Mrs. Nelson may summon her by dialing her daughter's number and hanging up.

"Hiram had 30 head of cattle at one time and 150 hogs on the top of the hill," said Mrs. Nelson.  "Now, all I've got is some bantie chickens and five dogs --- three outside and two in the house."

"One hog is too many for me," said Mrs. Heldenbrand, who is a 4-H leader.  "My daughter, a 4-Her, keeps her quarterhorse in mother's stable."

Mrs. Heldenbrand said she took her parents' taxes to the courthouse whenever both Mr. and Mrs. Nelson were sick.  "I can't understand why they nevrer told any of us about the 1947 taxes," she said.  "My husband always reads the legal notices and he didn't see mother's name listed."

Mrs. Nelson discovered her property had been sold after she called Mrs. Muriel Beck, Riley County register of deeds, a long-time friend and former neighbor, to inquire why she received a personal property tax notice, but no real estate tax notice.

"I checked the records and found out about it being sold," said Mrs. Beck.  "I was alarmed.  Mrs. Nelson and her husband lived on a farm near us in Riley before buying their own property.  They were a fine swedish couple and Mrs. Nelson still telephones me frequently to discuss her problems and ask advice."

Mrs. Nelson was hospitalized in April and for most of the summer.  She underwent two major operations within a month and was in the hospital at the time of the tax sale.

Everett said he was contacted Tuesday by Stites about the commission's motion to have the Nelson sale set aside.  "No decision has been made.  Mitchell may litigate his claim to the property," he said.

Everett is reluctant to discuss the Nelson case because it currently is pending in court.

"It wouldn't be ethical," he said.

Most Riley county officials contacted and Mrs. Nelson and Mrs. Heldenbrand are of the opinion the reason Mrs. Nelson was not personally served notice of the tax suit was because she was in the hospital and James Tubach, Riley County Sheriff, was unable to find her at home.

"The sheriff is not at fault.  He was never given a summons to serve," said Everett.  "Mrs. Nelson's name was never on the list."

Records in the district court show Everett sent a letter to the clerk of the court feb. 11, 1967, listing all persons and firms with known addresses and asking that summonses be issued for them.  Mr. and Mrs. Nelson were not on the list.

Tubach confirmed he didn't receive a summons for the Nelsons, whose address was known to him.

The county commissioners will meet with Mrs. Nelson and Mrs. Heldenbrand Friday to discuss the case and outline what action has been taken.  Everett and John Fay, Riley County attorney, will be present.

"We intend to right this wrong and will pay all expenses invovled," Sands said.  "It won't cost Mrs. Nelson a cent."

The tax suit listed Mr. and Mrs. Nelson as Harlan and Elvera, the names on the deed to their property registered in November 1943 with the register of deeds.

The Manhattan telephone directory lists Hiram Nelson, Rt. 2.  The city directory lists Harlas and Elvera Nelson at the same address.

The delinquent tax sale petition showed the Nelsons owed $5.75 in taxes and $11.55 in penalties for 1947.  A total of $39.75 in taxes, interest and penalties were due to June 21, 1967, the date of the sheriff's auction.  Costs and expenses boosted the total judgment to $69.69.

If the Nelsons had received the notice of the tax suit, they could have had the property removed from the sale by paying the $39.75 before the legal petition was filed with the court, and $69.69 after it was filed.  The sum could have been paid up to the time of the sheriff's sale and the property would not have gone on the block.
(Wichita Eagle ~ Friday ~ March 15, 1968 ~ Submitted by Lori DeWinkler)

FREEDOM  FOR  TWENTY-TWO

Governor Leedy Commutes The Sentences Of That Many Convicts

Governor Leedy yesterday signed his first pardon, and didn't stop until he had signed twenty-two.  That many inmates of the penitentiary will receive their liberty during February.

In the list there were three Shawnee county men.  There was only one woman, Mrs. eliza J. Shroyer, who was sent up from Sumnr county in 1895, for two years for abandoning her child.

In the majority of the cases of those pardoned, it will be really a commuting of their sentences for a few months or days.

The following is a list of those pardoned:

The list of those who will receive their freedom soon includes Bert Pacher, Walter Harris and Dennis Thomas of Shawnee county; Fred Hoffman and William Reim of Cowley county; Samuel Jackson, H. C. Wilmarth and William Bowman of Wyandotte county; Henry Russ of Jefferson county; William Fisher, of Johnson county; Charles Brown, Linn county; William James, Lyon county; William hayes, Sedgwick county; Chas. Johnson, Labette county; Ed Butler and Albert Gibson, Montgomery county; Wm. R. Merrill, Riley county; Ernest Brooks, Sumner county; Jack Smith, Douglas county.
(Semi-Weekly Capital ~ Friday ~ January 22, 1897)  

COMMENDS  BEER  INDUSTRY  EFFORT  IN  U.S.  ARMY  AREA

Wichita, Oct. 22 -- Conditions in the Fort Riley area "are infinitely better now than they were during World War I," and "the brewing industry has done a great deal to bring about this improvement."

The statement was made by County Attorney A. M. Johnston of Riley County at a recent meeting of beer retailers in Manhattan.  Johnston commended retailers on the manner in which they conduct their places of business and asked for their cooperation.

"I konw what I am talking about," the county attorney declared, "because I served in the same capacity in this county during the last war.  You retailers are helping materially by conducting clean and law-abiding places.  But if any of you do get out of line I will take care of that, too."

Similar meetings are being conducted in military and other war areas of the state by the Kansas Committee of Brewing Industry Foundation under the direction of State Director R. T. McCluggage and in cooperation with all local law enforcement officials.

Problems confronting beer retailers in these congested areas are discussed at length and the officials and state director advise retailers of the best methods of coping with problems which might arise.

While most of the retailers cooperate with authorities 100 per cent, McCluggage declares, there is an occasional operator who tries to evade rules and regulations.  "For those," he added, "I have but one answer.  The brewing industry will cooperate with authorities in getting them out of the beer business, which is legal in Kansas and has a very definite part in our social and economic life."
(Plaindealer ~ Kansas City, KS ~ Friday ~ October 23, 1942 ~ Submitted by Lori DeWinkler)

FOUR  COUNTIES  NAMED  IN  SUIT  ASKING  $47,500

Manhattan, Kan. --- County commissioners in four Kansas counties have been named co-defendants in a $47,500 suit filed in Riley District Court here.

Alvin H. and Edna L. Williams seek damages for injuries allegedly suffered by Mrs. Williams in a fall at Northcentral Kansas Guidance Center, Manhattan, while she was a patient.

Named in the suit were the Riley, Geary, Marshall and Clay county county commissioners; the mental health center board and Mrs. Irene H. Davis, owner of the property from which the alleged fall occurred.

The guidance center, which leases a building from Mrs. Davis, is supported by taxes levied by the county commissions.  The commissioners were named in the suits because they helped establish the center, the petition said.
(Wichita Eagle ~ Friday ~ November 29, 1968 ~ Submitted by Lori DeWinkler)

GROWING  MARIJUANA  USE  ALARMS  RILEY  OFFICIALS

Manhattan, Kan. --- A growing narcotics problem in the Manhattan area, especially among teen-agers, was outlined here Friday by Howard Fick of Manhattan, assistant Riley County attorney.

He said there are more than 100 known dope users in the community.

"It is difficult to categorize the user except to say he is under 30," Fick said.  "Most are white and most are soldiers at Ft. Riley or students at Kansas State University, Manhattan."

Investigation by Riley County authorities and Kansas Bureau of Investigation agents revealed considerable evidence that narcotics are being used by high school students, Fick reported.

He said his office has the names of 35 high school students who are using or have used marijuana.

"We know that the users are getting younger all the time.  First it was 17, then 16, and now 15-year-olds have been exposed to marijuana -- even a sixth-grader."

"Manhattan isn't the only city in Kansas to experiences this problem," he continued.  "I know of the problem in Salina and Hutchinson and at the University of Kansas, Lawrence.  I don't consider our problem unique.

"I think that almost every city has narcotics and everyone (city) that has a university has a little more, simply because of the concentration of teen-agers who use narcotics."

A year ago he would have scoffed at reports that Manhattan had a serious dope problem.

"I would have thought you were off your rocker or at least you were an alarmist," he emphasized.
(Wichita Eagle ~ Saturday ~ July 20, 1968)

CHARGED  WITH  BAD  CHECK  GAME

Acting under the request of the sheriff of Riley County, Sheriff Tom O'Connor met the southbound Katy passenger train this morning, and took into custody John Z. Smith, as he was leaving the station platform.  Smith is wanted on the charge of passing bad checks in Junction City.  He admits having given a check for $100 this morning, as part payment on a purchase of lots, a $10 check for his board, and other smaller checks.  These were on the Commonwealth National Bank, of Kansas City, and from the meager information that he has, Sheriff O'Connor thinks Smith had no funds in this institution.  Smith declares that he had ordered a transfer of funds into this bank.  He was placed in the county jail to await the arrival of an officer from Riley County.

Smith is a promoter of plants for the manufacturer of cement posts.  When he left the train this morning, the sheriff accosted him.  "Is your name John Z. Smith?" he asked, putting emphasis on the syllables.  "No," answered the man.  "Are you a cement post man?" queried the officer, and Smith, who was carrying a specimen post in a long case, replied affirmatively.  "Well, I am looking for you," announced the sheriff.  "Hop into this car."

Smith was terribly ill at ease, while he awaited in the sheriff's office after the arrest and repeated over and over, "I can't understand it."
(Emporia Gazette ~ Tuesday ~ July 29, 1913 ~ Submitted by Lori DeWinkler)

On Saturday, November 12th, 1881, the monument erected to the late Professor Mudge was formally dedicated at Manhattan Cemetery.  The monument is an obelisk of pink Tennessee marble fifteen feet high, supported on a base of various stones.  On the east face is recorded the name, nativity and death of Benjamin F. Mudge, and the line, "There is a land that is fairer than day."  On the south, "Erected by relatives and friends under the auspices of the Kansas Academy of Science."
(Wyandotte Herald ~ Thursday ~ November 24, 1881 ~ Submitted by Lori DeWinkler)

FOUND  DROWNED  CORPSE

Manhattan, Oct. 22 --- The body of a man who had been drowned in the Kaw river was found lying upon a sand bar in the river last evening.  It is thought to be Private Mullens of the Sixth Infantry, the soldier who was drowned at Fort Riley during the maneuvers.  The remains were buried in the Manhattan cemetery.
(Leavenworth Times ~ Thursday ~ October 23, 1902 ~ Submitted by Lori DeWinkler)

MURDER  STIRS  A  COUNTY

NEAR  MANHATTAN  A  MAN  KILLS  HIS  SWEETHEART  AND  HIMSELF

The murder of Lenora Smith and the suicide of her jealous lover, Hosea Bowers, which occured on the Penddleton farm, ten miles north of here Saturday, was one of the most atroclous crimes perpetrated in this vicinity for many years says a dispatch from Manhattan.

Bowers was crazed with jealousy and had threatened to kill both Miss Smith and a young man by the name of Lyman White, who had also paid some attention to Miss Smith while she was living with the White family.

A warrant for Bowers' arrest for threatening to kill had been applied for by young White, but as County Attorney Brock was out of the city the warrant was not issued till Saturday and Sheriff Berle was on his way to arrest Bowers, but did not arrive in time to prevent the tragedy.

Bowers drove along the road in the vicinity of the Paddleford farm on Hill creek and fired several shots in the air.  He stopped at the house and called Miss Smith to the door.

As she appeared, without a word, Bowers fired one shot which pierced her heart, killing her instantly.  The Paddleford family rushed out of the house only to see Miss Smith breathing her last and to hear the second shot which he had fired into his own heart, causing instant death.

Miss Smith was the 18-year-old daughter of Cal Smith, of the Casement sock ranch, just north of Manhattan.  Bowers was 30 years old  His parents live here.

The funeral of Miss Lenora Smith was held at the home of the girl's parents at the Casement ranch Sunday afternoon.  Interment took place in the Manhattan cemetery.  The body of Bowers, who shot himself after killing his sweetheart, Miss Smith, will be buried here today.
(Hutchinson News ~ Thursday ~ November 5, 1903 ~ Submitted by Lori DeWinkler)

MURDER  AMONG  ITALIAN  WORKMEN

Manhattan, Kan., Oct. 23 --- As a result of a quarrel over the possesion of a spool of thread, Marie Taltarita shot and killed Lorenzo Messino, both Italians.  They are working on the Union Pacific side tracks here.  After lingering several hours with a bullet hole in his head Messino died at Parkview hospital at 11 o'clock today, and the remains were buried in Manhattan cemetery at 5 o'clock this evening  Taltarita has gone and no arrests were made.
(Topeka Daily Capital ~ Tuesday ~ October 24, 1905 ~ Submitted by Lori DeWinkler)

PLAN  $1,395  MEMORIAL  GATEWAY  AT  MANHATTAN

Manhattan, Kan., Jan. 4 --- The Women's Relief corps of Manhattan this afternoon let the contract for the construction of a memorial gateway and rest pavilion to be erected at the entrance to the Manhattan cemetery in memory of the soldiers and sailors of Riley county.  The contract price of the memorial was $1,395.
(Topeka Daily Capital ~ Friday ~ January 5, 1917 ~ Submitted by Lori DeWinkler)

UNIDENTIFIED  NEGRO  IS  BURIED

County Officials Find No Clue as to Name and Address

Manhattan -- The unidentified negro who was killed on the Rock Island tracks Sunday night was buried in Sunset cemetery yesterday.

No information has been received as to the identity of the negro.  The county officials have been trying to find an address similar to the one found on an enveloped in the negro's pocket but have had no success so far.
(Junction City Union ~ Thursday ~ December 30, 1915 ~ Submitted by Lori DeWinkler)

TO  BUILD  MEMORIAL  TO  UNION  SOLDIERS

Manhattan, Kan., April 28 --- At a meeting of the Women's Relief Corps of Manhattan, yesterday afternoon, it was decided to build a memorial arch gateway costing $1,000 at the entrance of the Sunset cemetery in memory of the Union soldiers who served between the years 1861 and 1865.
(Topeka Daily Capital ~ Saturday ~ April 29, 1916 ~ Submitted by Lori DeWinkler)

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