ROLL OF THE
June 30, 1902
The volunteer regiments of Kansas which were regularly mustered into the service of the United States: including the regiments of the Spanish and Philippine wars; number twenty-three. (In addition to these were two colored infantry regiments and four batteries of light artillery, one of the batteries being composed of colored men.) A printed record has been made of all the Kansas volunteer organizations except the Third, Fourth and Eighteenth Regiments. The Third and Fourth Kansas Regiments were organizations of mixed arms, enrolled in the summer of 1861 and reorganized and consolidated with other organizations in the spring of 1862. The infantry companies were transferred, and formed what was thereafter known as the Tenth Kansas Volunteer Infantry; the cavalry companies were transferred to other cavalry organizations then being formed, and the artillery companies constituted the First Kansas Battery. I have deemed it proper even at this late day; forty years after the service was rendered, to prepare and secure the printing of distinctive rolls of these organizations, and give them a place among the records of the Kansas volunteers.
The Eighteenth Kansas Cavalry was really but a battalion of four companies, mustered into the service of the United States on the 15th day of July, 1867, and serving four months against the hostile Indians along the western Kansas frontier. The rolls of the Eighteenth are also herewith submitted.
The Nineteenth Kansas Cavalry was organized and mustered in on the 20th day of October, 1868. The service rendered was also on the frontier against the Indians. This regiment was mustered out on the 18th of April, 1869. The rolls of the Nineteenth Kansas Cavalry were printed in the Adjutant General's report of 1870, but that report is now very rare, and it is but proper that a reprint be made. The rolls of the Nineteenth Regiment, hereafter submitted, are not a reprint of the edition of 1870, but are records newly compiled from the original muster-rolls of the regiment.
The records of the Third and Fourth Kansas Volunteers filed in this office could scarcely be considered records. I secured from the War Department at "Washington a transcript of the records there on file, also very incomplete, and have made up the rolls from these and other sundry records. The preparation of the rolls of the Third and Fourth Regiments alone has required from me more than three months of close application and labor.
I have felt that this is a duty that should be delayed no longer, and that possibly, as a Kansas soldier, conversant with the early history of the Kansas volunteer regiments from association and personal experience, I might be better fitted to do the work. After forty years, memory becomes not always reliable, but I have done the work to the best of my ability, and submit the result, such as it is, to the charitable consideration of the old soldiers of Kansas.
When the civil war began, in 1861, Kansas had just been admitted to the Union as a State, and the newly organized State government was scarcely in running order when it became necessary to raise troops to defend the border and respond to the requisition of the President for volunteers. However, two regiments were quickly placed in the field, the First and Second Kansas Infantry Regiments, whose bravery and heroism at the battle of Wilson Greek have given unfading luster to the name of Kansas. Both of these regiments were ordered out of the State as soon as organized. Had the State government been permitted to control the organization of the two succeeding regiments much confusion would have been avoided, and more systematic records would have been left of the organizations originally designated the Third arid Fourth Kansas Volunteers, Senator James H. Lane, however, was commissioned a brigadier general of volunteers, and came to Kansas from Washington with a roving commission to raise regiments of volunteers. He proceeded in accordance with his own will, in a great measure independent of the State government, to raise troops; the Third and Fourth Kansas Volunteers were raised under his authority. These two regiments, together with the Fifth Kansas Cavalry, organized about the same time, constituted what was then known as "Lane's Brigade."
Elementary ideas of military organization seemed to prevail at the time the Third and Fourth Kansas regiments
were organized, as they were regiments of mixed arms, mainly infantry, but each regiment possessing cavalry and
artillery companies. The Fifth regiment was purely cavalry.
The Third and Fourth Kansas volunteer regiments were neither at any time complete organizations, and after the danger of an invasion by Price had passed recruiting for these organizations became very slow; the regiments being organized under state authority were securing most of the new enlistments. The new organizations presented more promising possibilities for position or promotion, and, beside, were cavalry regiments, and the experienced horsemen of the West preferred to ride when an opportunity to do so was at hand.
In the spring of 1862 the War Department ordered the reorganization and consolidation of the Third and Fourth Kansas regiments. This was done, the infantry companies forming a new regiment, thereafter known as the Tenth Kansas Volunteer Infantry. It would have been very proper to have designated the new consolidation as either the Third or Fourth Kansas Volunteers, instead of the Tenth, but both regiments thought their regimental designation the one to adopt, and to settle the contention the next vacant number was assigned to the reorganization. The cavalry companies were transferred to the Fifth, Sixth and Ninth Kansas Cavalry regiments, and the artillery companies were consolidated into the First Kansas Battery.
In following the history of the Third and Fourth Kansas Volunteers, confusion appears in the specific designation of several companies in both regiments. This confusion is explained by the fact that about January 1, 1862, certain companies were shifted about and the designating letter changed. That a clear understanding may be had, these changes are given in detail below. It will be understood that all references made to companies will be by using the designation last assigned and borne at the time the consolidation of the two regiments was made.
The changes made in designations in the Third Kansas regiment were as follows:
Captain Thomas Bickerton's artillery company, originally designated "Company G," lost its designating
letter and went to the foot of the regimental roster as "Bickerton's Artillery Company."
The changes made in the Fourth Kansas regiment were slight, and were as follows:
Captain Zacheus Gower's company of the Sixth Kansas Cavalry was, by order dated December 31, 1861, transferred to the Fourth Kansas Volunteers and assigned as Company D.
All other companies of the Fourth Kansas retained their original designation. No Company K was ever organized
in the Fourth Kansas.
THIRD KANSAS VOLUNTEERS
Company A (consolidated with Company C) became Company C, Tenth Kansas Infantry.
FOURTH KANSAS VOLUNTEERS
Company A (consolidated with Company H) became Company G, Tenth Kansas Infantry.
The members of the Third and Fourth Kansas Volunteers were accounted for in the new organizations to which they were transferred as though they had served with the last organization from the beginning of their original term of service, no reference being given to the fact that the first part of their service bad been rendered as members of the Third and Fourth Kansas regiments, or that such regiments ever existed.
Company I of the Third Kansas, transferred to the Sixth Kansas Cavalry as Company I of that organization, and later mustered out, and Company D of the Fourth Kansas Volunteers, mustered out at the date of the consolidation and not assigned to any other organization, have heretofore had no record as volunteer organizations. There are also a considerable number of men who were dropped from the original rolls by reason of casualty who have no place in the record of the volunteers.
As the Third and Fourth Kansas were original and distinct organizations, and performed brave and faithful service for eight months or more as such, it seems proper that a record should be made of them as distinctive regiments, and the individual records of the men recorded. Their service was rendered forty years ago; it is a tardy justice, and but few of the men recorded live to know that a place has been given them in the records of the civil-war regiments of Kansas.
Although a transcript of all the records of these regiments filed in the War Department has been secured, the records are very incomplete, and many manifest errors appear in the muster-rolls, but the original signature of the individual soldier nowhere appears, and a comparison cannot be made. When a name appears differently spelled in three places, it is difficult to guess which, if either, is the correct one. When "Hiram" appears as "Hyrum," and "Peter" appears as "Peetir," one wonders if " Wallis" should not be "Wallace" and "Dunkin" should, not be "Duncan," but it is hardly safe to assume such to be the case.
The records as relates to the date of consolidation of the reorganized companies of the Third and Fourth Kansas are not absolutely certain. The consolidation was made in accordance with letter of instruction, Department of Kansas,
dated February 20,1862. The infantry companies of the Third were mustered for consolidation on February 28, 1862, and those of the Fourth on March 4, 1862. The consolidation was effected April 3,1862.
The cavalry companies were transferred about the same time. Company I of the Third was transferred to the Ninth Kansas Cavalry on March 27, 1862.
The artillery companies were consolidated by authority of Special Orders No. 42, District of Kansas, dated April 24,1862. The organization of the consolidated battery (First Kansas Battery) was effected about June 1,1862. A previous attempt had been made to transfer Captain Bickerton's Artillery Company of the Third Kansas to the First Kansas Infantry as an artillery organization, and to break up Captain Moonlight's Artillery Company of the Fourth and distribute it among the companies of the same regiment as infantry; but dissatisfaction being created, by the advice of General Sturgis the order was modified, and the consolidation was made in accordance with Special Orders No. 42, above referred to.
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