At the commencement of the Civil War,
the people of Jessamine county were divided in sentiment, and many of
its citizens took up arms both
in the Federal and Confederate armies.
Company K, of the 20th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry, commanded by Col. Sanders Bruce, was almost altogether composed of Jessamine county men, and they were in the service three years.
Andrew McCampbell, captain, resigned June, 1862; Charles R. West was elected captain May 24, 1863, served three years;George W. Baker, first lieutenant, resigned in 1862; Ben Thornburg, Joseph Lewis, afterward William L. Steele; Samuel M. Anderson was made first lieutenant September 29, 1862; Allen A. Burton and S. T. Corn, now of Corlinville, Ill., were first and second lieutenants; William Plumblee, first sergeant; Levi Reynolds, second sergeant; Oliver Davis, first corporal; Jonathan White, second corporal.
Names of Men of the Company:
Albertson, Adam; Bailey. E. Hayden;
Bailey, Robt.; Baker,
Benedict: Barnes, David; Barnes. Geo. W.; Brennan, John;
Bright, Benj.; Brown, S. S.; Brumfield,
James; Bruner, Tilford;
Bruner, M.; Burch, James; Burgess, Wm.; Coleman, Francis;
Courtney, Jno. F.; Crow, Zebedee; Dean, Wm.; Dobson, Elias; Dobson, Pleasant; Easley, Jno. T.; English, W. T.; Fain, Jno. K.; Foster, Frank; Foster, James; Gifford, Jabez; Gilride, Thos.; Green, Corydon B.; Henderson, S. M.; House, Benj.; Hockersmith, Edward; Howard, James W.; Hunter, Jos. W.; Hersey, Jno.; Land, James; Land, Robt.; Letcher, Alex.; McKane, James; McMurty, Robt. L.; Masters, Frank; Masters, Henry W.; Murphy, Chas.; Phillips, Dr. H. H.; Plumbly, Wiley; Preston, Alfred; Preston, Samuel; Ramsey, Samuel; Ramsey, Jno. F.; Reynolds, Henry; Reynolds, James; Reynolds, W. H.; Rhorer, Hardin; Riley, Henry; Sharp, Thos.; Short, James M.; Thornbro, Robt.; Tredway, David; Tredway, Wm.; Turpin, Jno.; Walters, Bluford; Walters, Geo.; Woods, Jess.
The following is a list of the colored soldiers who served in the United States Army in Company L, Fifth Cavalry, Capt. J. S. Caldwell, Bowen's Regiment, J. S. Brisbin's Brigade: Allen, Dudley; Anderson, Jefferson; Ballard, Wilson; Balard, Geo.; Berry, Chas.; Bowen, James; Baggs, Geo.; Burley, Frank; Berry, Edmund; Bell, A. Travis; Brown, Richard; Brown. David; Brown, Sidney: Brown, Sandy; Bowles, Jack; Blackburn, Chas.; Bush, Jos.; Black, Jacob; Brown, Perry; Bryant, Green; Burnside, Jno.; Campbell, Alexander; Carter, Jos.; Carson, Wm.; Clay, Ambrose; Clay, Henson; Coleman. Samuel; Davis, David; Denny, Ben; Douglas, Ned.; Favors, Jos.: Fry, Louis; French, John ; Gable, Green; Grodon, Marion; Dr. Garnett; Gatewood, Thos.; George, Lewis; Garvin, Henry; Gess, Frank; Hamilton, Henry; Hamilton, Perry; Hamilton, Sanford; Hanson, Robt.; Howard, Adam, (died 1882, 99 years old); Hood, Daniel; Hunt, Jack; Jackson, AleN.; King, Hiram; King, Milo; Kyle, Orange; McConnell, Geo.; McDowell, Bacchus; Mason. Robt.; Massie, Jos.: Martin, Edwrard; Moran, Anderson; Oldham, Thos.: Ovcrstreet, Burd; Owsley, Branch; Peniston, James; Priest, Stephen ; Ridgeley, Dick; Scott, Alfred; Scott, Charles; Scott, King; Smith, Jos.; Smith, Wm.; Spillman, Alen.; Stout, Isaac; Stuart, John; Thomas, James; Thompson,
Frank; Walker, Edmuiid; Walker, Whitfield.
The monument was unvailed by Miss Josephine Mann and Master Lawson ONley, of Cynthiana, son of Jefferson ONley. the first president of the association. The eNercises were opened with prayer by Rev. F. W. Noland, a member of the Eighth Kentucky Confederate Cavalry, and the Confederate Glee Club of Louisville, sang a beautiful and appropriate selection ; the closing song, "Tread Lightly, Ye Comrades," produced a profound impression upon the audience. The history of the work of the association, in connection with the monument, was read by Prof. A. N. Gordon, its secretary and treasurer.
In 1862, Dr. Charles Mann, then a surgeon in the Confederate Army, was ordered by Gen. Kirby Smith, to gather and care for the sick and wounded who had been left about Camp Dick Robinson. About eighty of these, he brought in private conveyances to Nicholasville, where they were nursed and cared for by the ladies of the community; those who died there were buried in the Nicholasville cemetery. After the war. Dr. Mann, with the aid of James S. McKenzie and Charles Oldham, gathered other Confederate dead, including those who had been buried in the Federal cemetery at Camp Nelson, and brought them to the cemetery at Nicholasville. where a lot had been generously donated by the Cemetery Company for that purpose.......
The original headboards, having rotted down, were replaced by Col. Bennett H. Young, and these, in turn, by beautiful granite tablets, which now mark them.......
Jefferson ONley, long a leading merchant in Nicholasville, and as true, brave and chivalrous a soldier as ever wore the gray, did as much as. if not more than, any one man to secure the funds necessary to construct the monument. He died when success was in sight, but before he saw the work accomplished. His comrades, and those whose dead the monument commemorates, will long keep green his memory.
Dr. Chas. Mann, the president, was the surgeon of the Fifth Kentucky Confederate Infantry, and rendered distinguished services in the Army of Tennessee. He was frequently detailed to important positions, and returned from the war with highest commendations of his skill and efficiency as a surgeon and man. since which time he has practiced his profession in Jessamine county.
Prof. A. N. Gordon, a moving spirit in the erection of the monument, was a brave and gallant soldier in the Confederacy, for many years the brilliant leader of educational work in the county, as principal of Bethel Academy, and now principal of Allegan Academy for Boys, near Lellington.
The following is a list of the Confederate dead buried in the cemetery, in whose honor the monument was erected:
John Martin, 30th Alabama; A. L. Hale, 39th North Carolina; Henry Rice, 426 Georgia; W. H. Wallace, 6th Florida; J. E. D. Morris. 6th Florida; W. J. Hale, 40th Georgia; W. B. Carter, 9th Georgia; Peter Guin, C. S. A.; W. L. Cooley. 2d Kentucky; B. F. Kernan, 6th Kentucky; Eugene Dickson, d2d Georgia; Capt. Samuel Scott, Louisiana; C R. Richardson, C. S. A.; W. H. Yarbrough, 1st Alabama; J. W. Washam, 17th Mississippi; W. E. Copeland, 3rd Alabama; John A. Bass, C. S. A.; S. M. Wilson, 53d Georgia; D. Campbell, 63d Virginia; J. R. CoN, 59th Georgia; J. Brock, 18th Georgia; W. M. Boge, 16th Georgia; O. W. White, 41st Alabama; L. Johnson. 6th Georgia; J. A. Bowles, 59th Georgia; J. B. Hale. 2d Georgia; E. Willoughby, 1st Georgia; Geo. W. Trabue. C. S. A.; H. Owenby, 39th North Carolina.
The peroration of Colonel Young's dedicatory address, was as follows:
"Nor can I close this address without some reference to the women of Jessamine county, who, with such patience, such industry, such zeal and such unselfishness, have labored so long to erect this monument to our beloved dead. Many who helped at the inception of the undertaking have been denied the happiness of seeing its fulfillment, but we feel the sweet presence of their spirits, though they passed over the river before success had crowned the labors of the association. If they are not here, we shall, at least, in love and gratitude, remember them and their work for this cause, and their absence alone mars the completeness of this occasion. The noblest and highest of the war's demands was to be worthy of the faith and trust of the Southern women, and it mitigated the anguish and bitterness of defeat to be able through manly tears to look down into the tear-dimmed eyes of the women of the South and tell them that in the sufferings, sacrifices and privations of all that weary struggle, there had been nothing done or left undone which rendered the men of the Confederacy unworthy of what was required by its women, and now, after the lapse of long years, we find the same gentle, loving, beautiful, brave, and unselfish women, with all the enthusiasm of their nobler nature, rearing these memorials to those of our comrades who went down amid the storms of war, and thus keeping the record of those heroes who gave their blood as a seal of their loyalty to the land of their love and of their troth. We utter benediction for such women. May the angels of blessing and peace hover over and around them in this life and at its end bring them peacefully to that place where there will be no wars, where monuments are not required, where death and sorrow never come. With reverent homage we stand by these graves of our heroes. They are hallowed in our hearts and souls, and we will honor and adore them forever. These are the men who fought with the Johnstons. Lee, Jackson, Breckinridge, Morgan and Polk, and Bragg and Hardee and Hood, and Forrest and Hill, and Cheatham and Cleburne, and hosts of immortal heroes. These are the partakers of the sublime glory of the Confederate armies, and we come in tenderness and devotion and affection to mark, beautify and bless the soil that garners their dust, and to declare by this monument, which we trust will remain forever, that the memories of the virtues, of the courage, of the chivalry, and of the bravery, of the sacrifices, of the sufferings, of the renown of our departed comrades shall be as deathless, as their deeds were illustrious.
By forms unseen their dirge is sung.
Here honor comes "a pilgrim gray"
To bless the turf that wraps their clay.
And Freedom doth a while repair,
To dwell, a weeping hermit, there."
Capt. James White, a son of Elder
William White, in 1862, when
General Bragg invaded Kentucky,
recruited a company of
infantry, which was in the Fifth
Kentucky Regiment Confederate
Infantry, commanded by Col. Hiram
Hawkins. Part of the men in
this company were recruited from
Grant county and were in all
the great battles of the Atlanta
campaign, and surrendered at
Greensborough, N. C, in 1865. The
following is a list of the
members from Jessamine county, in
Captain White's company, and
in Company B, Capt. Wm. Lewis,
Eighth Kentucky Cavalry,
commanded by Col. Roy S. Cluke:
Adams, Thos.; Arnspiger, Geo.; Blackford. Benj.; Bowman, Sanford; Bowman, Robt.; Bowen, Harrison; Brower, Edw. A.; Brown, Samuel M.; Burch, Courtney L.; Campbell. Fernando Wood; Campbell, Peter; Campbell, Richard; Campbell. Stephen; Chrisman, Benj.; Cleveland. John; Cogar. John; Cook. John W.; Cook, T. B.; Cooley, W. L.; Corman, Geo.; Corman, Grattan; Daniel, W. H.; Davis, James; Davis, John P.; Davis, William; Deboe, Wesley; Drake. John; Elgin, Jno. S.; Elmore. Fletcher; Foster. Dr. T. W.; Funk. Henry, killed at Chickamauga; Gooch, James; Gordon, Prof. A. N.; Gregg, S. S.; Gwuyn, Edw.; Hanly, Samuel; Harris, J. W.; Hawkins. Jno. T.; Hayden, W. A.; Holloway. Dr. Jno.; Hollway. Wm.; Jones. Jonathan, at that time 62, died in '91: Jones, A. D.; Jones. James B.; Jones. O. A.; Knight, Campbell; Lampkins. Jno. B.; Lear. John T.; Lear. Jos. R.; Lear, Wm.; Lee, Melvin; Livingston, James: Lindsey. Jos.; Lowry, David; Lowry, Samuel; McAfee, Maj. Allin L.; McAfee. Capt. Jno. J.; McBrayer. Frank; MeDavitt. Chas.; McKinzie. Edw. O.: McKenzie. James; McKenzie. Jno. IL; Mann. Dr. Chas.; Metcalf. Geo. W.; Musselman, Henry; Myers, W. E.; Nave, Samuel; Nave. Tilford; Noe, James; Nolan. Rev. Wm.; Patten. Wm.; Phelps. Edw.; Price. Louis S.; Reynolds, Geo.; Robinson. Jacob Creath ; Roberts. Rankin ; Roberts. Jas. A.; Rowland, G. T.; Rue, Allen; Rue. Frank: Sandusky. Jacob: Sandusky, L. E.; Scott, Robt.. killed at Strawberry Plains; Scott. Samuel: Sparks, Moreau; Stine, Jno. G.: Soper. David; Spears, Christopher, died from wounds in Camp Douglas; Steele, Atlas; Vantries, Emanuel, killed at Chickamauga; Walls, Newbold C; Walls, Benj. J.; Warner. Wm.; Welch, James M.; Woods, Thos. J.; Young. Bennett H.