Hwy 29, Napoleonville, La
The Munson Family
John Harvey Munson - Owner of Glenwood Plantation, overseer of Madewood Plantation
Edward Pugh Munson - son of John Harvey and named after Col. Thomas Pugh owner of Madewood Plantation
Edward Preston Munson Sr.
STATEMENT OF EDWARD P. MUNSON, SUBMITTED BY MR. CLARK.
My name is Edward P. Munson. I reside near Napoleonville, in Assumption Parish, State of Louisiana. Am engaged in the business of growing cane and making it into sugar, and have been so exclusively engaged for more than twenty years. I own and operate a 1,200-acre plantation of my own, and have an interest in and am manager of a plantation called Magnolia, on Bayou Lalourche, and I also have an interest in and am manager of two other plantations on Bavou Teche. The cane-growing business in Louisiana is not so profitable as may be supposed, and is more precarious and expensive in Louisiana than elsewhere. Among other reasons for this may be mentioned the everpresent danger of an early freeze, which may and often does greatly reduce the sugar produced from the crop; the large amount continually necessary to expend in maintaining drainage ditches and canals throughout the plantation: the large amounts necessary for fertilizers in order to mature the crop early enough for grinding: the large amount of taxes, State and county, and to maintain levies. Last year, fortunately, was a favorable one. both in production and price, and could not be taken as a criterion for the future. Omitting that year. I have prepared the following statement as an average for the five years preceding of the value of the crop produced and the expense of its production, taking my own plantation of 1,200 acres in actual cultivation as a basis: I have upon this plantation a sugar factory in which I manufacture into sugar and molasses the whole crop of the place. Taking this land, factory, and improvements at a fair value, I would say they are worth $250,000. Generally the proportion of crops upon a sugar plantation is one-third in corn, one-third in plant cane, and one-third in stubble cane. By plant cane is meant that which is planted that year, and by stubble cane is meant that planted the year before and from which one crop is made. From this it will be apparent that the rule is that the cane crop must be replanted every second year. It takes the corn and peas thus raised to maintain the stock necessary to run the place in cultivation and in manufacturing, so that no revenue is derived on the plantation from anything except the cane. A fair average for these five years of cane produced to the acre would be 20 tons, of the sugar produced from each ton 125 pounds, with 6 gallons of molasses. An average price for sugar for the five years would be 3 ½ cents per pound, and of the molasses 10 cents per gallon. Figuring 650 acres in cane for the mill (for 150 acres of 800 in cane must be reserved each year for the following year's planting), and figuring 20 tons per acre, would give 13,000 tons. Each ton would produce about 125 pounds of sugar and 6 gallons of molasses. This would give every year a gross income of $64,675.
A fair statement of the expense of producing this product would be as follows: Fertilizer, 400 pounds to the acre of plant cane, 600 pounds to the acre of stubble cane, and 300 pounds to the acre of corn, making a total of 260 tons, at $24 per ton ; $6, 240. 00
Peas for 400 acres 840.00
Putting down cane for spring planting 262.00
Preparing and planting 400 acres, at $2.50 per acre $1, 000.00
Expense per acre of cultivating 800 acres, including plowing and hoeing, cleaning cross drains and large canals, pay of hostlers, blacksmith, and overseers, $20 per acre. 16,000. 00
Cultivating and harvesting corn and pea hay for stock 3,000. 00
Gathering and delivering cane at factory, 13,000 tons, at 75 cents per ton. 9, 750. 00
Cost of manufacturing this into sugar and molasses mid putting on market, $1.50 per ton 19,500. 00
State and parish taxes on plantation 1, 963. 00
Purchase tax 405. 00
Insurance on factory 1, 250.00
Eight mules each year 1, 600. 00
Total 61, 810.00
It is true that some years the yield per acre is greater and the price per pound is greater, and it is also true that some years it is less both in the yield and price. It seems apparent from this statement that cane growing in Louisiana can not bear much competition and survive. In the past ten years a few sugar planters in Louisiana have made money, and many, to my knowledge, have gone to the wall and been forced into bankruptcy.
Yours, respectfully. E. P. Munson.
[Source: "Duties of Philippine Products By United States Congress. House Committee on Ways and Means"; Washington Govt. Printing office, 1905]
January 13, 1912
The heirs of E. P. Munson have purchased the interest of Mrs. (Widow) E. P. Munson in the Glenwood plantation and factory, and have formed between them a corporation bearing the title of the E. P. Munson, Incorporated. Mr. Robert Baker, formerly of this parish, but holding, for the past two years, a position on the Teche, is said to be the new manager of Glenwood. Mr. Baker is an experienced planter, and is able in every way to-handle the planting affairs of Glenwood. Mr. A. R. Munson, who was half owner of the Woodlawn plantation, purchased this week the half which belonged to the heirs of E. P. Munson. The Woodlawn is one of the finest sugar estates on Bayou Lafourche, and good crops are made on it each year. Mr. E. E. Chauvin, cultivates a large part of this plantation.
[Source: p. 186, "The Louisiana Planter and Sugar Manufacturer" , Volume 48; 1912]
December 21, 1922
Glenwood to Try Carbon
Stephen Munson's Glenwood plantation is the latest addition to the list of Louisiana houses to take up work with decolorizing carbons. Mr. Munson has been so much interested in the manufacture of refined sugar on the plantation by this process that he has decided to refine a few thousand bags at the end of the grind, in order to get experience in the use of carbon and to collect data preliminary to rearranging the plant so as to produce refined sugar entirely next year. The simplified refining process which is being used at Old Hickory with such success is exciting lively interest among all the planters. Most of the factories need only a small additional filtering capacity, and perhaps some additional pan capacity, to duplicate what is being done at Old Hickory, and the advantages of being able to make standard granulated instead of plantation granulated and raws, with the higher recovery obtained by avoidance of losses due to high sulphuring in the plantation granulated process, are evident. To those who have felt that large investments in machinery and apparatus would be required before they could refine sugar with the aid of carbons, the small amount of equipment in use at Old Hickory is an eye-opener. [Source: "Facts about Sugar", Volume 15, pg. 515]
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