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Historical Sites of Louisiana

Indians in Louisiana, 1700 to 1000 B.C.: The Poverty Point Site

The earthworks at this Native American archaeological site contain artifacts of a highly developed culture dated between 1750 and 1350 B.C., before the construction of the Mayan pyramids. They are the largest and most elaborate earthworks of their age in the world.

Archaeological evidence shows Poverty Point was once a hub of government, trade, and religion for a group of sites connected by streams in Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Today the site is a State Commemorative Area and National Historic Landmark. A visitor center, museum, and an archaeological research laboratory are located on the grounds.

Burial Mounds
Burial Mounds
"Library of Congress"

Cane River National Heritage Area in northwestern Louisiana is a largely rural, agricultural landscape known for its historic plantations, its distinctive Creole architecture, and its multi-cultural legacy. Historically this region lay at the intersection of French and Spanish realms in the New World. It is a place where many cultures came together to create a way of life dependent on the land, the river, and each other. Today it is home to a unique blend of cultures, including French, Spanish, African, American Indian, and Creole.

The central corridor of the heritage area begins just south of Natchitoches, the oldest permanent settlement in the Louisiana Purchase, and extends along both sides of Cane River Lake for approximately 35 miles. The heritage area includes Cane River Creole National Historical Park, seven National Historic Landmarks, three State Historic Sites, and many other historic plantations, homes, and churches. While much of the roughly 116,000-acre heritage area is privately owned, many sites are open to the public.
Visit their Website: http://www.caneriverheritage.org

Oakland Plantation

Oakland Plantation
"Library of Congress" 

Cane River Creole National Historical Park
is located within the Cane River National Heritage Area in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana. The park includes 44.16 acres (179,000 m²) of Oakland Plantation and 18.75 acres (76,000 m²) of Magnolia Plantation. The two park sites include a total of 67 historic structures remnant from 200 years of plantation life. Due to the preservation and restoration work in progress on these buildings and the grounds, limited services are available to the public. There is much work to be accomplished, and actually seeing the work in progress is an incredible opportunity that all are welcome to experience. Formal tours of Oakland Plantation are provided free of charge each day at 1:00 p.m. Self-guided tour maps are available at the Main House. Visitors are welcome to stroll the grounds every day from 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m., on this self-guided visit.

The Cane River National Heritage Area extends westward from Interstate 49 to the Red River and includes everything in between. The Heritage Area's north/south boundaries are marked by the City of Natchitoches on the north side and Monette's Ferry to the south. Some of the sites in the heritage area include the Kate Chopin House and the state commemorative areas of Los Adaes, Fort Jesup, and Fort St. Jean Baptiste. The total heritage area is approximately 116,000 acres (469 km²). The congressionally designated heritage area also includes the Natchitoches National Historic Landmark District, six other National Historic Landmarks, and the National Historical Park.
National Park Website: http://www.nps.gov/cari/

Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve was established to preserve significant examples of the rich natural and cultural resources of Louisiana's Mississippi Delta region. The park seeks to illustrate the influence of environment and history on the development of a unique regional culture.
The park consists of six physically separate sites and a park headquarters located in southeastern Louisiana. The sites in Lafayette, Thibodaux, and Eunice interpret the Acadian culture of the area. The Barataria Preserve (in Marrero) interprets the natural and cultural history of the uplands, swamps, and marshlands of the region. Six miles southeast of New Orleans is the Chalmette Battlefield and National Cemetery, site of the 1815 Battle of New Orleans and the final resting place for soldiers from the Civil War, Spanish-American War, World Wars I and II, and Vietnam.

Chalmette Monument
Chalmette National Cemetery
New Orleans, LA
["Library of Congress"]

At 419 Decatur Street in the historic French Quarter is the park's visitor center for New Orleans. This center interprets the history of New Orleans and the diverse cultures of Louisiana's Mississippi Delta region. The Park Headquarters is located in New Orleans.
[All park sites are open except for Chalmette National Battlefield and National Cemetery in Chalmette which is closed due to damage from Hurricane Katrina. ] National Park Service Website: http://www.nps.gov/jela/

New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park celebrates the origins and evolution of America’s most widely recognized indigenous musical art form, jazz. The National Park Service leases four acres within Louis Armstrong Park, just northwest of the French Quarter in New Orleans, Louisiana.

A story rich with innovation, experimentation, controversy and emotion, the park provides a setting to share the cultural history of the people and places that helped shape the development and progression of jazz in New Orleans. The park preserves information and resources associated with the origins and early development of jazz through interpretive techniques designed to educate and entertain.

Perserverance Hall
Perserverance Hall
New Orleans Jazz National Park

The centerpiece of the site is Perseverance Hall No. 4. Originally a Masonic lodge, it was built by white citizens between 1819 and 1820. It is the oldest Masonic temple in Lousiana. Its historic significance is based on its use for dances, where black jazz performers and bands reportedly played for black or white audiences. Although the building was used for social functions such as weddings and balls where jazz musicians performed, these uses have only been occasionally documented, perhaps becuase many pertinent masonic records have been destryoyed. During the early 1900s some bands, such as the Golden Rule Band, were barred from appearing at Perseverance Hall, apparently becuase management considered them too unidignified for the place. Various organizations, both black and white, rented Perseverance Hall for dances, concerts, Monday night banquets, and recitals. The building also served as a terminal point for Labor Day parades involving white and black bands. During the 1920s and 1930s, well past the formative years of jazz, various jazz bands played there.

Perserverance Hall was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 2, 1973. The entire National Historical Park was adminstratively listed on the Register on the date of its authorizaton, October 31, 1994.

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