The Battle of Bunker Hill
and the Death of General Warren
The Battle of Bunker Hill and Death of General Warren
His messenger to Lexington was Col. Revere; who, on suddenly turning a corner as
he passed through Charlestown, found himself close to a party of British. In a moment he put his horse at full
speed, dashed through them, and before they could well ascertain him to be a foe, was beyond the reach of the balls
which they fired after him.
Dr. Joseph Warren (June 11, 1741 – June 17, 1775) was an American doctor and soldier,
remembered for playing a leading role in American Patriot organizations in Boston and for his death as a volunteer
private soldier while also serving as chief executive of the revolutionary Massachusetts government.
Battle of Bunker Hill
The Battle of Bunker Hill took place on June 17, 1775, as part of the Siege of Boston during the American Revolutionary War. It is considered by some to be the bloodiest battle of the war. General Israel Putnam was in charge of the revolutionary forces, and Major-General William Howe commanded the British forces. Among historians, it is debated whether General Putnam or Colonel William Prescott, the revolutionaries' second-in-command, ordered the troops, "Don't shoot until you see the whites of their eyes!" Although the battle is known as "Bunker Hill", most of the fighting took place on Breed's Hill nearby. On their third assault the British forces overran the revolutionaries' fortified earthworks on Breed's and Bunker Hill. The battle was a victory for the British, but came at a heavy price - 1,054 were shot (226 dead and 828 wounded), and a disproportionate number of these were officers. The American losses were only about 450, of whom 140 were killed (including Dr. Joseph Warren, the president of the Council and acting head of Massachusetts revolutionary government (his commission as a Major General was not yet effective) who was fighting as a volunteer), and 30 captured (20 of whom died later as POWs). Most American losses came during the withdrawal. Major Andrew McClary was the highest ranking American officer to die in the battle. He was commemorated by the dedication of a fort in Kittery, Maine as Fort McClary.
Major-General's Howe's immediate objective was achieved, but the attack demonstrated the American will to stand in pitched battle. Of General Howe's entire field staff, he was the only one not shot. Major Pitcairn was dead, and Colonel James Abercrombie fatally wounded
African-Americans played a role in the battle, but their exact numbers are unknown. One of these was Salem Poor, who was cited for bravery and whose actions at the redoubt saved Prescott's life, but accounts crediting him with Pitcairn's death are highly doubtful. Other African-Americans present were Peter Salem, Prince Whipple, and Brazillari Lew. Mulatto Phillip Abbot of Andover was killed in the battle.
The following British officers were either killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill, died of wounds received or were wounded and presumably made a recovery. This list is not complete but indicates the high rate of casualties among the British officers:
Lieutenant-Colonel James Abercrombie - 22nd Foot - killed at Bunker Hill
Ensign Balaquire - 5th Foot - wounded at Bunker Hill
Lieutenant Bard - 35th Foot - killed at Bunker Hill
Lieutenant Bruere - 14th Foot (serving as volunteer) - killed at Bunker Hill
Captain Campbell - HM Marines - killed at Bunker Hill
Ensign Charleton – 5th Foot - wounded at Bunker Hill
Lieutenant Croker – 5th Foot - wounded at Bunker Hill
Lieutenant Dalrymple - 63rd Foot - killed at Bunker Hill
Captain Davidson - 52nd Foot - wounded at Bunker Hill
Captain Patrick Downs - 5th Foot - mortally wounded at Bunker Hill and died in the evening.
Lieutenant Dutton - 38th Foot - killed at Bunker Hill
Captain Ellis - HM Marines - killed at Bunker Hill
Lieutenant Finnie - HM Marines - killed at Bunker Hill
Lieutenant Gardner - HM Marines - killed at Bunker Hill
Lieutenant Gold - 47th Foot - killed at Bunker Hill
Captain George Harris - 5th Foot - wounded at Bunker Hill (shot in head recovered and later became a General and created 1st Baron Harris).
Lieutenant Higgins - 52nd Foot - killed at Bunker Hill
Lieutenant Hilliard - 47th Foot - killed at Bunker Hill
Captain Hudson - 65th Foot - killed at Bunker Hill
Captain John Jackson - 5th Foot - wounded at Bunker Hill
Captain Mackenzie - 43rd Foot - killed at Bunker Hill
Lieutenant M’Clintockx - 5th Foot - wounded at Bunker Hill
Captain Francis Marsden - 5th Foot - wounded at Bunker Hill, after living for another 5 years died at Burntwood Hall 12 February 1780, presumably from wounds received. Monument inside Wakefield Cathedral, West Yorkshire.
Major John Pitcairn - HM Marines - mortally wounded at Bunker Hill and died in the evening.
Lieutenant Shea - HM Marines - killed at Bunker Hill
Captain Sherwin - 67th Foot - killed at Bunker Hill - Aide-de-camp to General Howe.
Captain Smith - 52nd Foot - killed at Bunker Hill
Major Williams - 52nd Foot - killed at Bunker Hill
Additional information from Wikipedia.org