Genealogy Trails

War of 1812

Indian Hostilities

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Submitted by Nancy Piper


ILLINOIS TERRITORY
The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , March 4, 1812
General William Clark of St. Louis has written to his brother at Louisville, informing him that a part of Peconet Indians, who reside on the waters of the Illinois river, and who belonging to the Prophet’s party has robbed the trading houses of Mr. G. Hunt, and Nathaniel Pryer, Esq. killed Pryor and two of Hunt’s men. Hunt escaped. – Pittsburg Gaz. Feb. 21



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , March 11, 1812
Indian Hostilities
The following is an extract of a letter from a gentleman at St. Charles, Louisiana Territory, dated Jan. 10, 1812.
“In answer to your enquiry, respecting Indian hostilities in this quarter, I have to inform you that some of the reports that have found their way into the public pints are much exaggerated. The depredations committed by them have been principally in Indiana and Illinois territories; some horses have been taken in this territory, but I believe no murders have been committed by them for the last ten or twelve months. I had flattered myself that the drubbing given them by the troops under the command of Gov. Harrison would have disposed them to return to order. In this it appears I was mistaken for this day, by an express from Fort Madison, we are informed of cruel murders committed on some traders, about 100 miles above that Fort by a party of the Pecano nation. A Mr. Hunt, son of the late Col. Hunt, of the United States’ Army and a Mr. Prior were trading in that quarter – their houses about 3 miles distance from each other. The party of Indians came to Hunt’s house and appeared friendly until they obtained admittance into the house. They then shot down two men that Mr. Hunt had with him, seized him and a boy who was his interpreter, tied them and picked up the goods that were in the house and carried them off. Mr. Hunt discovered that they believed him to be an Englishman and on that account saved his life. They told him that they had sent another party to kill Prior and carry off his goods and that they intended in a short time to take the Fort – after which they would come on and kill every American they could find. They took Mr. Hunt and his boy with them some distance but night came on and proved extremely dark, which fortunately gave them an opportunity of escaping and they arrived late at Fort Madison on the sixth day.
“The hostilities have taken place, together with the mysterious conduct of the few Indians that are passing amongst us, lead me to believe they are determined for war and that they are set on by British agents. If we go to war with England, I calculate on some very warm work in this quarter.”



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , April 8 1812
The following is an extract of a letter from Louisiana Territory, dated Feb. 18, 1812

“You ask me what are the impressions in this Territory as to Indian hostilities since the battle on the Wabash. The apprehensions of the great body of inhabitants are that we shall have a general Indian war. The Northern Indians last week killed a family in the district of St. Charles and manifest a determination to make an attack on Fort Madison situated 300 miles up the Mississippi above St. Louis.

Governor Harrison marched yesterday with part of the St. Louis militia for the upper settlements in Mississippi. My own opinion is that the middle districts will not be visited by the hostile Indians but the northern settlements will, I think, be broken up unless great exertions are made by the governments.”



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , April 8 1812
Indian Hostilities
On Thursday last an express arrived in town from Fort Madison. It is believed in that quarter that the Winebagoes are determined to have revenge for the loss of their men killed in the battle of the Wabash. The Express came down the river on the ice, in a sleigh in company with some traders. They were fired on some distance above toe mouth of Salt River and were repeatedly chased by war parties. He also brings information that on Monday last the family of a Mr. O’Neil was killed in the district of St. Charles on the bank of the Mississippi by a party of unknown Indians. It was believed that the mischief was done by a party of Illinois Indians who had been hunting in that part of the country for some time and had visited the house in a friendly manner before.

Willard, the express, saw the bodies, 9 in number, principally females. O’Neil was in town when the murder was committed. There were two lads in the house who had rifles and would have defended themselves but it was supposed that the savages exhibited a friendly deportment until they put the youths off their guard.

Immediately after the arrival of the express, Governor Howard sent orders to Col. Kioby, who commands the Militia of St. Charles to call out a portion of the men that have been held in requisition for some time to march at a moment’s warning. An express was also sent to the Officer commanding the regular forces in this District and the Governor set out himself the next morning for St. Charles and has not yet returned.
St. Louis paper, Feb. 15th, 1812



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , April 29 1812
From the National Intelligencer
Indian Affairs
Extracted a letter from Governor Harrison, dated 4th March 1812.

“I have the honor to inform you that the Indians mentioned in my letter of the 26th ultimo arrived at this place on Saturday last. They delivered up their arms without the least hesitation. Yesterday and the day before, I met them in council. The Kickapoos, Winebagoes, and that part of the Pinkkeshaw tribe which joined the Prophet had employed the Weas and Red River tribes to mediate for them and a Chief of the latter was the principal orator. He said that the whole winter had been occupied in sending messages to the different villages of the Potawatomies, Kickapoos, Miamies and Delawares,to consult upon the measures which were proper to be taken under the circumstances in which they were placed and that it was unanimously agreed to supplicate their father the President for peace; that this was the ardent wish of all those who had been lately under the influence of the prophet; that they had acknowledged that it was the fault of that bad man that the late great calamity had fallen upon them. The principal Winebagoe Chief of the party which had joined the Prophet, was present as the representative of his tribe. I informed him of the mischief which has been lately done by his tribe on the Mississippi and the apprehensions which were entertained of further hostility from them. He agreed to set out immediately for the residence of his tribe to inform them of our having buried the tomahawk and to bring on one or two of the principal men to accompany the Chiefs of other tribes in their visit to the President. He has promised candidly to explain to them the cause of the late action in which they lost so many warriors; and the artifices which were practiced upon them by the Prophet to induce them to engage in it. I do believe the Indians are sincere in their profession of friendship and desire for peace, and that we shall have no further hostilities unless it be from the Winebagoes who are so far removed as to consider themselves out of our reach.

However, the Chief whom I have sent to them assures me that they will abandon all thoughts of hostilities as soon as he arrives among them. Tecumseh has returned and is much exasperated against his brother for his precipitancy. He blames him for throwing off the Mask before their plans were matured. He sent me a short speech informing me of his return and that he was now ready to visit the President. I have informed the other Indians he may go with them but not as their leader. They unanimously and vehemently declared they never more would listen to him.”



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , May 6 1812
Indian News
Extract of a letter from a gentleman, dated Fort Madison, March 8, 1812
We receive assurances every day by friendly Indians that we are to be attacked at this post by several nations as soon as the river opens. I am convinced that an attack will be made here sometime in the spring. It is my opinion that the Indians will take this post and murder every white person at it unless we are reinforced in a very short time.
We are at this time surrounded by scouting parties, who watch our movements. One of these parties a few days past caught one of the soldiers near half a mile from the fort and most inhumanly murdered him. He was absent two days without our knowing what had become of him. Afterwards he was found by some friendly Indians who brought him in. The sight was enough to chill the blood of any feeling heart. His head was severed from his body, both his arms cut off and his heart taken out!
Our situation at this time is truly unpleasant and from appearance we are to get no relief! Our numbers are so small that if an Indian was to come in view of the garrison and massacre a man, we could not spare men to pursue and take him!
On the first of this month, five discharged soldiers and a man that Mr. G. had hired left this place for St. Louis. I sent my horse by the man, who agreed to take care of him in the neighborhood of St. Louis until I arrived there. I am however, apprehensive that the Indians have killed all the men and taken my horse, as a Sac Indian informed me today that he saw a large horse track near this which appeared to be going up the river.
I am very apprehensive that boats ascending the river this spring will be robbed and of course the crews killed. It is reported that the Indians are about to cut off all communication between this place and St. Louis both by land and water, so that we cannot be reinforced.
A very friendly chief of the Sac Nation told Mr. J. and myself that unless we were reinforced within a short time, we should be massacred without discrimination and that there were five nations had joined to take this fort and Fort Chicago on Lake Michigan. He mentioned four of the nations, viz. Winnebagoes, Pottawatomies, Shawenese and Delawares – that they wait for the river to open so that they can descend in canoes. From appearance the ice will break in the course of a few days.



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , September 16, 1812
Indian News
St. Louis, August 8
We understand from good authority, that there is no prospect of one of the Indians of the Illinois going to the Piqua Town in Ohio. Governor Edwards in compliance with the wishes of the government sent an invitation to them to send some of their chiefs to that place to meet the commissioners appointed on the part of the government, The answer he received from their chief to whom he sent, his talk was that he was afraid if the Indians should go to Piqua Town they might receive some presents from their great father who would then say he had purchased their land. The messenger to the Indians states that the Indians are in great force on the banks of the Illinois and expresses his opinion that they intend to commence hostilities before long. He also states that there appears to be no scarcity of ammunition among them.

Since writing the above, we learn that the storm is still gathering at Peoria, upwards of 1209 Indians of several tribes are collected about that village*, and declare they will attack the Americans in the dark of the present moon. Our informant says that when he left that place they had abundance of ammunition from the British so much as to induce them to exchange a part of it with the American French traders and farmers of that place.

Gemo, the Potawatomie chief when requested to exert himself with the chiefs to accompany him to the council at Piqua, declared that he would not go there, nor would any of the Indians attend; that it was intended to give them presents at this council and that their American father would take their lands from them in return. This is just what we expected.

The Secretary at War might as well request Bonaparte, the duke of Bassano and the British ministry to meet him at New York and confer about the restoration of the stolen property and seamen as to collect the Indians at Piqua for any beneficial result; true, many will attend, but those who do so will not carry with them the smallest badge of authority, they can only promise for their individual families who are merely drops in the bucket.

Within a few years all the Indians of the west have split into squads or hands, the old chiefs who remember Wayne, Clark and Scott have lost all authority, the young men are disposed to listen to none but those who have been won by British emissaries, who have successfully employed their money and arguments in molding them to their purpose. These chiefs or squads are bold enterprising fellows and have formed associations with the discontented of every Indian nation south and west of the United States; they will attend council with the United States Commissioners. They will receive presents and will even go so far as to promise everything that may be desired of them, and in fact throw everything in the way to ensure their own safety; but ask them to deliver up the murderers of Cole’s party, the butchers of O’Neil’s family, the assassins who have deluged Illinois with blood or the abandonment of the Prophet, Tecumseh or Robert Dickson; then you stroke the cord which would awaken savage feeling; you would then discover Indian subterfuge and such finesse as would even astonish those who have the management of Indian affairs at head quarters.

*Peoria is inhabited by a few poor white families, who are accustomed to Indian trade. These people have their connections in the villages of this territory and Illinois, by which means the Indians area in a few days, acquainted with every movement of our troops.



WAR OF 1812
The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , March 18 1812
The Vincennes paper of February 15, says “The editor of this paper has seen a letter from Captain Snelling, the commandant of Fort Harrison, in which he relates that he had been informed by the Indians that a celebrated chief called the White Pigeon is now going the rounds amongst the several tribes with a speech from the British agency at Malden, the exact purpose of which the Indians who told the Captain could not learn further than that they were invited to Malden to get arms and ammunition, which invitation they were about to accept. The Indians further told the Captain that there was a constant communication between two persons in this territory and the British agent at Fort Malden.”



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , March 18 1812
The following is an abstract of a letter from Detroit dated Feb. 14, 1812
“The known connection between the British Government and our Savage neighbors causes serious apprehensions in the minds of every afflicting person in this place. Within this week past a (..?...) of six or seven Warrior Indians from Browns town, set off for the Prophet’s camp on the Wabash. (..?...) they are deposed by Esbott, the Indian agent at Malden. Many of the old French settlers amongst us, with whom I have had interviews (..?...) of opinion that that the Indians in our neighborhood will generally attach themselves to the Prophet and his measures and that we have not time to lose in our preparations for defense. These sentiments are not predicated upon a war with England. What will be our situation should war with that county be declared? The Indians in this quarter make no ?ar, and it is only from the Canadians, who they consider in their interest, that they can discover their intentions. You must be well aware that unless aided by troops from abroad, an attack either from the Indians or English united or alone, would prove fatal both to our private interest and that of the public. The British are now building another armed vessel at Malden. The force is not known, though supposed larger than anyone upon those waters.



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , May 20 1812
Chillicothe, May 9, 1812
On Wednesday evening the 22nd ult., says the Vincennes Sun, the family of Mr. Haryman, consisting of himself, his wife and five small children were murdered at their residence upon the Embaras river in the Illinois territory, which is about 5 miles from this place. Mr. Haryman was in the act of loading a perouge and his family at the water’s edge for the purpose of embarking them when he was fired on. A young man who lived with him and who had gone back to the house (a short distance off) to bring something that was left, had an opportunity of making his escape. On Thursday, Col. Miller with a detachment of the U. States’ troops went to the spot and interred (as decently as circumstances would permit) the mangled bodies of this unfortunate family. Mr. Haryman was a millright, a respectable citizen and an emigrant from the state of Vermont. A party of rangers and militia were sent after the Indians, but a violent rain which fell the night succeeding the murder obliterated their tracks and rendered the pursuit impracticable.

In consequence of the above mentioned murders the alarm was shortly after communicated to the town and we cannot but highly applaud the spirit and alacrity manifested by both citizens and soldiers on the occasion.



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , May 20 1812
Extract of a letter from Gov. W. H. Harrison to Col. J. M. Scott, dated, Vincennes, April 15

“We have war in all its horrors with the Indians. A family were murdered in the Illinois about 35 miles above this on Saturday: The Woman and 4 small Children were killed in the house and the latter set on fire and consumed with everything in it. The miserable Husband had been to mill about 4 miles off and upon his return found the house falling in and a young man whom he had hired, killed and shockingly mangled in the yard. Last night an express arrived with the account of another man being killed on the south east fork of White river, 2 more are missing from the same neighborhood and there is little doubt of their being killed also.

“Their (the Indians) late professions of a wish for peace were either altogether deceptions or they have since changed their intentions on the prospect of war between Great Britain and us. God grant me an opportunity of meeting these Scoundrels in the same field with their equally perfidious allies at the head of such troops as I lately commanded. They would be taught a long-forgotten lesson. My soul is all on fire when I think of the dreadful picture which presented itself to poor Hinton, upon his return home. He had but a few hours before left his family in health and peace. The reverse was so sudden and horrible that it has disordered his senses.”



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , May 20 1812
Extract of a letter from an officer commanding at Fort Madison on the Mississippi to the editors of the Supporter, dated March 31, 1812

“You will confer a favor on your friend in inquiring after a family of the name of Leonard who I understand resides at or near Chillicothe. My particular object is to relate to them the catastrophe of their brother James, as well as to send the value of what little property he left. This unfortunate young man went from the garrison on the morning of the 3d inst., and had not gone but little more than out of reach of our cannon before he was discovered and pursued by five Winebago Indians, who overtook and shot him with their balls – stabbed and tomahawked him in a most shocking manner – mutilating him by cutting off his head and arms and taking out his heart.

“On the 29th inst., at 11 o’clock at night, one of these imps of Pluto’s regions crawled up, snake like, and wounded one of our sentries, with a load of eight buck shot, three of which was taken from him next morning. I believe I may now venture to say his wounds are not mortal. Indeed, we are completely besieged, but have plenty of wood, water and provisions.



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , May 20 1812
Capt. William Keys’ company of Volunteers left this place for Dayton, on Monday the 27th ult., at which place they are to receive their arms and ammunition. Another company of Volunteers from Major Dawson’s battalion passed through this town on the same day and who are to pursue the same route. On Wednesday last, two other Volunteer companies from Scioto county, also passed through this town and who will proceed immediately to Dayton.



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , May 20 1812
By a letter from Marietta, Ohio, we are informed that Gen. Cass left that place on Sunday last with between 250 and 300 Volunteers, the quota called for from his brigade, generally fine spirited young men. They will go by water to Cincinnatti, whence they are to commence their march by land to Detroit: 500 Volunteers might have been obtained from the same division had they been necessary. The whole quota of the State of Ohio, of the detachment of Militia authorized by law is expected to be raised without resorting to a draught.



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , May 27, 1812
Dayton, May 7, 1812
His Excellency Governor Meigs arrived in town yesterday. His arrival was announced by a discharge of eighteen guns by the citizens of the town. In the afternoon his Excellency reviewed the troops.
This town has been appointed as the place of rendezvous for the militia of this State destined for Detroit. Already 12 companies have arrived and eight or ten more are expected in a few days.

The Indians
The savages appear to be engaged on every quarter of our frontier in committing depredations upon the lives and property of the settlers. On the 29th of last month, they killed and scalped a man near Greenville. Our letters from Chicago, published in this week’s paper, mention two murders there and a letter just received in town from Defiance, situated at the junction of the Auglaize with the Miami of the Lakes, mentions that three men were found murdered near that place, whether by the Indians or not it was not known. In consequence of the murder at Greenville, a volunteer company of militia from Miami county marched to that neighborhood and an express has just arrived with intelligence that they had met with a party of Indians, had killed two of them, wounded a third, and taken two squaws and a boy prisoners and were in pursuit of the wounded Indian and they state a determination to kill every Indian they meet with until they have further orders.



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , May 27, 1812
To the politeness of Captain William Wells, we are indebted for the following information.
Copy of a letter from Captain Nathan Heald, commanding Fort Dearborne, to Captain William Wells at Fort Wayne.
Chicago, 15th April, 1812
Dear Sir,
On the 6th of this month, a party of eleven Indians, supposed to be Winebagoes, came to Messrs. Russel and Leigh’s cabin on the Portage, a branch of the Chicago river about three miles above the garrison where they found three men and a boy; one of the men and the boy cleared out for the garrison soon after the Indians came to the house. The other two being less apprehensive of the intention of the savages, chose to remain and were shortly murdered. One of the men by the name of Liberty White was shockingly butchered. He received two balls through his body, 9 stabs with a knife in his breast and one to his hip. His throat was cut from ear to ear, his nose and lips were both taken off in one piece and his head bore the marks of the tomahawk and scalping knife. Indeed sir, I think he was the most horrible object I ever beheld in my life.

The other man had not been long here and I do not know his name; but he was a Canadian Frenchman, and I believe the Indians spared him a little on that account, for they only shot him through the neck and scalped him. Since the murder of these men, several other parties have been lurking about us, but they have not been able to take anymore scalps.
Mr. Kenzie has moved into the garrison. Mr. Lalime and the Chicago militia, consisting of about fifteen men are quartered in the house formerly occupied by Major Jones and I have furnished them with arms and ammunition.
I have forbid the Indians from coming to this place until I can find out to what nation the murderers belong. I have lately received information from the St. Joseph that the Indians in that quarter are gone to your place in order to hold a council. If so, please to inform me of the result.
Our situation here will be very less agreeable for a while as we are obliged to keep close to the garrison or be in danger of losing our scalps.
The party of Winebagoes that wintered near this place, are mostly gone back to the Prophet as I am told by other Indians.
Since writing this letter, three of our militia have deserted, one Frenchman and two half Indians. It is believed they have taken off with them ten or eleven horses and gone towards Millawaca.



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , June 3, 1812
Indians
Dayton, May 14, 1812
Governor Meigs left town on Sunday last for Cincinnati. His Excellency is expected to return in a few days in company with Governor Hull.
By the direction of Governor Meigs, Gen Munger, with a small number of the Dayton troop of horse, performed a tour to Greenville last week, to inquire into the situation of the frontier settlements. The general returned on Sunday. He states, among other things, that an Indian trader by the name of Conner, who resides at Fort Recovery, had been advised by the friendly Indians to move in. That the Prophet was within seventy miles of Greenville and that an attack would be made in about six weeks. It is said that the Prophet is engaged in rebuilding his town, and that his party is as strong as ever.
The Governor has ordered a company of riflemen, completely equipped from General McArthur’s corps to march to Greenville and another to Picqua to protect the frontier inhabitants who are flying in every direction. They have both marched to their place of destination. It is supposed that no less than one hundred families have fled from Miami and Dark counties in consequence of the late hostile conduct of the Indians.

Young Kill Buck, the supposed murderer of the white man that was killed near Greenville, has been taken by the whites.

It appears that the two Indians that were killed near Greenville were Potawatomies; one of them had a scar on his leg, apparently just healed; from this circumstance it is supposed he was in the battle of Tippecanoe. By an express from Fort Wayne we are informed that the wounded Indian had arrived there; the only wound which he received was in one of his hands, which it was supposed he would lose. The killing of those two Indians had excited more sympathy than all the numerous depredations committed by the savages on our defenseless frontier for many years; we are glad to be able to state that this impression is wearing off and that our countrymen are beginning to manifest some sensibility for their white brethren.

Mr. Johnston, by order of the Governor held a Council with the Shawanoe Chiefs from Wapakoneta, on the 8th inst. at Picqua. The Chiefs, as usual, made great professions of a friendly disposition, and Mr. Johnston expresses much reliance in their sincerity. Mr. Murray who resided in the Indian country and is perfectly acquainted with them, assures us that messengers have been constantly passing and re-passing between the Prophet and Wapackanetts. We most fervently hope that our country may not again fall a sacrifice to Indian duplicity. It is in vain to council with them, or talk any longer to them about extermination; they have learned that is all blustering.



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , June 17, 1812
Indian News
Extract of a letter from Samuel Goode Hopkins, Esq. to his Excellency Gov. Evert, dated Henderson, May 9
“This day two weeks I recounted the particulars of the murder of old Mr. Meeks in the attack made upon his family by the Indians. Since that period, constant accounts have been coming to us by the fugitive inhabitants of the territory, announcing some new insolence or outrage.
The whole opposite country is in a state of commotion: its inhabitants are hourly flocking over to our shore, abandoning, at this important season of the year, their crops and property to utter destruction. They present a state of dismay and suffering that would excite the sympathy of the most obdurate. Many availing themselves of stronger settlements, are erecting block houses, determined in them to brave all the fury of the impending storm. A great portion of the country is too thinly populated to admit even of this advantage; such suctions have sought refuge with us – during the last week I had full twenty applications to rent land for the present year’s cultivation. Many families have gone quite back to the states from whence they originally emigrated.

Unless an immediate check in put to this alarm, the extent of the injuries both to the individuals and he government will be immense. The 4th regiment of infantry is ordered to Detroit, and Gov. Harrison is left in Vincennes with a force composed of men, women and children, to the number of two or three hundred.

With these, good reasons exist to authorize a belief that he will soon have to encounter Tecumseh, at the head of TWO THOUSAND Indians. The known address, talents and prowess of this inveterate enemy of the whites, will doubtless ensure him the utmost success in collecting forces to serve his purposes. He is evidently the instigator of the murders and hostility of the Indians on the Mississippi.

Mrs. Harrison and the defenseless members of the Governor’s family arrived here by water last evening. They were accompanied by the sick and wounded of the 4th regiment, whose disabilities would not admit of their accompanying the regiment on their march by land. The Governor, disdaining a retreat as long, as the semblance of defense is left him, is busily engaged in fortifying his house and exhorting the inhabitants to use their efforts to protect themselves and their property.”



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , June 17, 1812
Extract of a letter from an officer in the army of the U. States, dated Fort Harrison, May 23 1812
“There are no families living within 60 miles of this place, except Barnabas Lambert, his sons and two sons-in-law, who not long since removed from your county – and they are compelled to live in the fort in consequence of the hostile maneuvers of the Indians towards us. About 3,000 Indians are now in council in Miscinque, about 150 miles from this place. I am fully persuaded they are for war. We hourly look for an attack from the Indians on this fort – and so sure as it is made, so sure are we all killed. Yesterday Lieut. Albright received orders to repair to Fort Knox with Capt. Posey’s detachment, which will leave us here in the wilds of the territory in a miserably constructed fort, with about 50 men, all of whom are entirely new recruits.



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , June 17, 1812
St. Louis (U.L.) May 2, 1812
Governor Howard has received information that two of his Rangers, Jesse Vanhibber and Lewis Jones, being detached from Capt. Boon’s company as spies, met a few days ago above Fort Mason, two Winebagoes; the Rangers attacked them without hesitation; the result was that both the Indians were killed and neither of our men hurt. They were killed the first fire. It is believed those Indians were crossing the Mississippi as spies, in advance of a larger party. We expect hourly to have further news from Fort Mason.



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , June 17, 1812
As our paper was going to press, a gentleman from Frankfort handed us the following information:

That Gen. Scott had just received a letter from Gov. Harrison stating that Vincennes was in a most dangerous situation – that several hundred Indians were embodied on the Wabash fully sufficient to take Vincennes by storm – and that the governor expected an attack hourly. This information may be relied on. Harrison is not authorized to call on the neighboring states for relief – nor does he think himself authorized even to accept the services of volunteers, should they offer. So much for the generalship of our wise men at Washington!! – Ken. Gaz.



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , July 8, 1812
Copy of a letter from Gov. W. H. Harrison to Col. Christopher Greenup, of Kentucky, dated Vincennes, 29th May, 1812
Dear Sir,
I had this morning the pleasure to receive from your son the letter which you did me the honor to write on the 10th inst. The sympathy which you express for our situation in this territory deserves our warmest thanks and the aid which is offered is such as I expected from the known patriotism of your state.

We have had for three weeks past a respite from Indian aggression; and a council lately held at Missiniway, upon the upper part of the Wabash, at which was a considerable assemblage of Indians, resulted in a determination to remain at peace with us. I have, however, no faith in the sincerity of this declaration, excepting as to the Delawares and Miamies and a small part of the Potawatamies. The professions of the rest are not to be depended upon, and I look for nothing more certainly than the continuance of those murders and depredations which have for some time past afflicted our frontiers.

A detail of those distressing occurrences has been made by me to the government, and a faithful picture given of the situation of the country. But until I receive orders from the President, I do not consider myself authorized to adopt any other than defensive measures, and as that is a kind of service which I suppose would neither fort the wishes nor expectations of Capt. Bacon’s company, I cannot at present recommend them to come on. But I must ask the favor of you, sir, to assure these patriotic citizens that I have a proper sense of their disinterested and generous offer, and in behalf of the people of the territory, and for myself individually, I beg them to accept my most grateful acknowledgements. It is not improbable that in a very short time their services may be wanted here, and should I have any agency in arrangements that may be made to organize a force for offensive operations; I shall certainly call upon them.

With great respect and esteem, I am, dear sir, your humble servant,
Wm. H. Harrison



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , July 8, 1812
Christopher Greenup, Esq.
30th May 1812
I have this moment received a dispatch from Governor Edwards, informing me that the Indians had embodied to the amount of nearly 800, at Peoria, on the Illinois river; that the major part of the Winnebago tribe had marched to join the Prophet, with avowed hostile intentions; those on the Illinois had disclaimed any design of doing mischief. Gov. Edward thinks they are wavering; but he has not the least doubt of the Prophet’s perservance in his hostile views, and he thinks that his force is much greater than it was last summer.



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , July 8, 1812
Extract of a letter from Mr. Parry Hulse, of Capt. Gill’s company, dated
“Urbanna, June 7th, 1812
“We arrived here yesterday from Stanton. I am glad to tell you that I am still in good health, and the army in general are well. Our number is now about twenty-five hundred, & Col. Boyd’s regiment of regulars is expected here tomorrow.
“I cannot inform you when we will leave this place. There are now fourteen Indian Chiefs in the camp, with Governor Meigs and Gen. Hull, holding a council and making a treaty. I do not expect the council will end under two or three days. The Indians appear very friendly, but some suspect they will prove treacherous, and serve us as they did Governor Harrison on the Wabash.
“Our friends in writing to us should add to the usual direction, the words “in Col Cass’s regiment.”



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , JULY 8, 1812
Louisville, (Kent.) June 12, 1812
Arrived at this place on Monday last, Gen. W. Clark, on his way to Washington city, accompanied by 25 Indian chiefs, viz. 12 of the Socks and Foxes; 10 of the Great, Little and Arkansaw Osages, and 3 of the Shawanoes of Louisiana, for the purpose of offering their assistance to the President of the United States, if required, and to ratify a treaty of amity and peace between us and their nations.



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , JULY 29, 1812
St. Clairsville, July 4, 1812
The Volunteers and the Indians
Dr. James Reynolds, Surgeon’s mate in Col. Cass’s regiment under date of 23d of June at Camp Necessity, 40 miles within the Indian territory, writes as follows:
“Gen. Luca, who was dispatched some time since, last evening, and informs that 500 Indians of the Wyandot Tribe were embodies on the river Huron with 300 Potawatamies, who were drawing rations of the British. We have no doubt but this information is correct and if so, we will be attacked in a few days. Come when they will – they will receive a warm reception. Our camp was fortified last night by falling trees all round. Today a soldier of the 4th [Boyd’s] regiment was fired on by an Indian some distance from the camp. Three Indians have been shot by our soldiers.
On the 22d an alarm was given about midnight. The army was formed immediately and remained one hour in readiness. When dismissed, the soldiers were much out of humor in not having a fight. Today the men are building a block house. A company of men will be left to guard it. Tomorrow morning the army will march.”



The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , JULY 29, 1812
Governor Meigs, Gen. Thomas Worthington and Jeremiah Morrow, Esq. have been appointed by the President of the United States special commissioners to hold a general council with the Indian chiefs and head men of the several tribes north of the Ohio and east of the Mississippi at Piqua Town in this state, on the first of August next. – Scioto Gaz.



The Centinel (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania), October 28, 1812
Dayton, October 7.
The Indians are again infesting Fort Wayne. They have killed three soldiers who were out hunting beeves.
After having relived Fort Wayne, Gen. Harrison returned to St. Mary’s to make the necessary arrangement for the Campaign into Canada. Gen. Winchester, with that part of the army which had been placed under his command, proceeded to Defiance, a decayed fort situated at the confluence of the Auglaize and the Miami of the lakes, for the purpose of building a Fort at that place. On Wednesday last, General Harrison was informed by express from Gen. Winchester, that a large body of Indians, accompanied with some British, with several pieces of artillery, were within a few miles of Defiance, and that he apprehended an attack. Five of our men who had been out to collect plumbs were found killed and scalped. Capt. Garard’s troop and another company had met a scouting party of Indians and roused them; one of our militia was killed and another wounded.

In consequence of this information, Gen. Harrison in the course of a few hours marched the whole of the army from St. Mary’s to Defiance. We are waiting with much anxiety to hear the result.



The Centinel (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania), October 28, 1812
Chillicothe, Oct. 17
We understand that before Gen. Harrison and the mounted volunteers arrived at Fort Defiance the Indians had all fled. Gen. Winchester pursued them with the detachment under his command, and Gen. Harrison endeavored to cut off their retreat to Brownstown but was not able to bring them to an engagement. Gen. Harrison has since discharged his mounted volunteers for 30 days service. Gens. Froley and Kerr and the rest of the volunteers from this neighborhood have returned home. Gen. Harrison is also expected here in the course of a day or two. Four regiments under the command of Gen. Winchester are now at Fort Defiance. Two regiments are at Fort Jennings, on the Auglaize river. One regiment is at St. Mary’s and regiments of Ohio volunteers are at Minary’s block house.


 


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