Submitted by Nancy Piper
The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , April 15, 1812
Ninety pieces of field artillery (part of them brass) were received at this place from Washington City last week,
the carriages and harness for which are now making and sixty of them will be ready for the field by the middle
of May for the use of the old regiment of United States light artillery and the two new regiments of artillery
now raising. Fifty 18 pounders, for traveling carriages are ordered to be completed as soon as possible. – N. York
The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , April 15, 1812
Recruiting in Canada
We have seen copies of handbills circulating in Canada by the British recruiting officers. They offer five Guineas
Bounty, and a quantity of land at the end of the service. The term of enlistment is three years.
The British are preparing vessels of war on the Lakes and marching additional troops to the forts. – Bost. Pat.
The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , April 22 1812
The President of the United States has called on the governor of this state, for twelve hundred men to march immediately
for Detroit. The governor has accordingly issued his orders to the commandant of divisions, who are each to furnish
300 men, to be divided into five companies. A draft will be immediately made on the militia unless a sufficient
number should volunteer their services. We understand that several gentlemen in this county are at present engaged
in raising volunteer companies.
The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , May 20 1812
Batavia, N.Y., April 18, 1812
We stop the press to announce the intelligence of an armed British and Indian force on the Canada side of the Niagara
river, apparently with an intention to make a descent on the American side. It is stated that the Indians are receiving
supplies of arms and provisions from the British military stores at Newark; and that boats are in readiness to
transport their men across the river.
We learn that intelligence has been transmitted to Messrs, Porter and Barton from some of their friends in Upper
Canada stating that it is advisable for them to remove their families from the river.
A messenger has been sent express from Lewistown on Niagara river to Gen. Hall of Ontario county, to call out the
militia immediately. The companies in this place are embodying to march at a moment’s warning.
The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , June 3, 1812
An Act To Raise an Additional Military Force
Be it enacted by the Senate or House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
That there be immediately raised, ten regiments of infantry, two regiments of artillery and one regiment of light
dragoons, to be enlisted for the term of five years, unless sooner discharged.
Sect. 2 And be it further enacted, That a regiment of infantry shall consist of eighteen captains, eighteen first
lieutenants, eighteen second lieutenants, eighteen ensigns, seventy two sergeants, seventy two corporals, thirty
six musicians and eighteen hundred privates which shall form two battalions, each nine companies. A regiment of
artillery shall consist of twenty captains, twenty first lieutenants, twenty second lieutenants, forty cadets,
eighty sergeants, eighty corporals, one hundred and sixty artificers, forty musicians and fourteen hundred and
forty privates which shall form two battalions, each of ten companies. The regiments of cavalry shall consist of
twelve captains, twelve first lieutenants, twelve second lieutenants, twelve cornets, twenty-four cadets, forty-eight
sergeants, forty-eight corporals, twelve saddlers, twelve farriers, twelve trumpeters and nine hundred and sixty
privates, which shall form two battalions, each of six companies.
Sect. 3. And be it further enacted, That to each regiment raised under this act, whether of infantry, artillery
or light dragoons, there shall be appointed one colonel, two lieutenant colonels, two majors, two adjutants, one
quarter master, one paymaster, one surgeon, two surgeon’s mates, two sergeant majors, two quarter master sergeants
and two senior musicians.
Sect. 4. And be it further enacted, That there shall be appointed two major generals, each of whom shall be allowed
two aids to be taken from the commissioned officers of the line and five brigadier generals, each of whom shall
be allowed a brigade major and an aid to be taken from the captains and subalterns of the line; and there shall
be appointed one adjutant general and one inspector general, each with the rank, ray and emoluments of a brigadier
general; the said adjutant general shall be allowed one or more assistants, not exceeding three, to be taken from
the line of the army, with the same pay and emoluments as by this act are allowed to a lieutenant colonel; the
said inspector general shall be allowed two assistant inspectors, to be taken from the line of the army, each of
whom shall receive, while acting in said capacity, the same pay and emoluments as by this act are allowed to a
lieutenant colonel; there shall also be appointed such number of hospital surgeons and mates as the service may
require, with one steward to each hospital.
Sect. 5. That when an officer is detached to serve as brigade-major or aid, or as an assistant to the adjutant-general
or inspector-general, on the appointment of a general officer, or as adjutant or quartermaster on the appointment
of a colonel, he shall not thereby lose his rank.
Sect. 6. And be it further enacted, That the major-generals respectively shall be entitled to $200 hundred dollars
monthly pay with $20 dollars allowance for forage monthly, and fifteen rations per day. Their aids-de-camp shall
each be entitled to twenty four dollars monthly, in addition to their pay in the line and ten dollars monthly for
forage and four rations. The brigadier general respectively shall be entitled to one hundred and four dollars monthly
pay, twelve rations per day and fifteen dollars per month for forage, when not found by the public.
Sect. 7. And be it further enacted, That all other officers, cadets, noncommissioned officers, musicians, artificers
and privates, authorized by the act shall receive the like pay, forage, rations, clothing and other emoluments
as the officers of the same grade and the corps, cadets, non-commissioned officers, musicians, artificers and privates
of the present military establishment.
Sect. 8. And be it further enacted, That each ration shall consist of one pound and a quarter of beef or three
quarters of a pound of pork, eighteen ounces of bread or flour, one gill of run, whisky, or brandy, and at the
rate of two quarts of salt, four quarts of vinegar, four pounds of snap and one pound and a half of candies to
every hundred rations.
Sect. 9. And be it further enacted, That every non-commissioned officer, musician and private of the artillery
and infantry, shall receive annually the following articles of uniform clothing, to wit: one hate, one coat, one
vest, two pair of woolen and two pair of linen overalls, one coarse linen frock and trousers, for fatigue clothing,
four pair of shoes, four shirts, two pair of short stockings, one blanket, one stock and clasp and one pair of
half gaiters; And the secretary of war is hereby authorized to cause to be furnished to the paymaster of the respective
districts such surplus of clothing as he may deem expedient, which clothing shall under his directions be furnished
to the soldiers, when necessary at the contract prices and accounted for by them out of their arrears of monthly
Sect. 10. And be it further enacted, That the officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians and privates of the
said corps shall be governed by the rules and articles of war which have been established by the United States
in Congress assembled, or by such rules which have been established by the United States in Congress assembled,
or by such rules and articles as may be hereafter by law established.
Sect. 11. And be it further enacted, That the commissioned officers who shall be employed in the recruiting service
shall be entitled to receive for every effective able bodied man, who shall be only enlisted by him for the term
of five years and mustered, of at least five feet six inches high (and between the ages of eighteen and forty-five
years) the sum of two dollars; Provided nevertheless, That this regulation so far as respects the age of the recruit,
shall not extend to musicians or to the soldiers who may re-enlist into the service: And provided also, That no
person under the age of twenty-one years shall be enlisted by any officer or held in the service of the United
States without the consent in writing of his parent, guardian or master first had and obtained if any be have;
and if any officer shall enlist any person contrary to the content and meaning of this act, (…?...) such offence
he shall forfeit (..?...) amount of the bounty and (…?...) person so recruited may have received from the public,
to be deducted out of the pay an emolument of such officer.
Sect. 12. And be it further enacted, That there shall be allowed and paid to each effective able bodied man recruited
as aforesaid, to serve for the term of five years a bounty of sixteen dollars; but the payment of eight dollars
of the said bounty shall be deferred until he shall be mustered and have joined some military corps of the United
States for service. And whenever any non-commissioned officer or soldier, shall be discharged from the services,
who shall have obtained from the commanding officer of his company, battalion or regiment, a certificate that he
had faithfully performed his duty whilst in service, he shall moreover be allowed and paid in addition to the said
bounty, three months pay, and one hundred and sixty acres of land and the heirs and representatives of those non-commissioned
officers or soldiers who may be killed in action or die in the service of the United States shall likewise be allowed
the said additional bounty of three months pay and one hundred and sixty acres of land to be designated, surveyed
and laid off at the public expense in such manner and upon such terms and conditions as may be provided by law.
Sect. 13. And be it further enacted That the said corps shall be paid in such manner, that the arrears shall at
no time exceed two months unless the circumstances of the case shall render it unavoidable.
Sect. 14. And be it further enacted, That if any officer, non-commissioned officer, musician or private shall be
disabled by wounds or otherwise, he shall be placed on the list of invalids of the U.S. at such rate of pension
and under such regulation as are or may be directed by law: Provided always, that the compensation to be allowed
for such wounds or disabilities, to a commissioned officer, shall not exceed for the highest disability half the
monthly pay of such officer, at the time of his being disabled or wounded; and that no officer shall receive more
than half pay of a lieutenant colonel: and that the rate of compensation to non-commissioned officers, musicians
and privates shall not exceed five dollars per month: And provided also, That all inferior disabilities shall entitle
the persons so disabled to receive an allowance proportionate to the highest disability.
Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That if any commissioned officer in the military establishment of the United
States shall while in the service of the United States, die, by reason of any wound received in actual service
of the United States and leave a widow or if no widow, a child or children, under sixteen years of age, such widow
or if no widow, such child or children shall be entitled to and receive that the monthly pay to which the deceased
was entitled at the time of his death, for and during the term of five years. But in case of death or intermarriage
of such widow before the expiration of the said term of five years, the half pay for the remainder of the time
shall go to the child or children of such deceased officer: provided always, That such pay shall cease on the decease
of such child or children.
Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That if any non-commissioned officer, musician or private, shall desert the
service of the United States, he shall in addition to the penalties mentioned in the rules and articles of war,
be liable to serve for and during such a period as shall with the time he may have served previous to his desertion,
amount to the full term of his enlistment; and such soldier shall and may be tried by a court martial and punished,
although the term of his enlistment may have elapsed previous to his being apprehended or tried.
Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That every person not subject to the rules and articles of war, who shall procure
or entice a soldier in the service of the United States, to defect or who shall purchase from any soldier, his
arms, uniform, clothing or any part thereof; and every captain or commanding officer of any ship or vessel who
shall enter on board such ship or vessel as one of his crew, knowing him to have deserted, or otherwise carry away
any such soldier, or shall refuse to deliver him up to the orders of his commanding officer, shall upon legal conviction,
be fined at the discretion of any court having cognizance of the same, in any sum not exceeding three hundred dollars,
and be imprisoned any term not exceeding one year.
Sec. 18. And be it further enacted, That every officer, non-commissioned officer, musician and private shall take
and subscribe the following oath or affirmation, to wit: I, A.B. do solemnly swear or affirm (as the case may be)
that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the United States of America, and that I will serve them honestly
and faithfully against their enemies or opposers whomsoever; and that I will observe and obey the orders of the
President of the United States, and the orders of the officers appointed over me according to the rules and articles
Sec. 19. And be it further enacted, That there shall be appointed to each division a judge advocate who shall be
entitled to the same pay and emoluments as a major in the infantry, or if taken from the line of the army, shall
be entitled to thirty dollars per month in addition to his pay, and the same allowance for forage as is allowed
by law for a major of infantry.
Sec. 20. And be it further enacted, That where any commissioned officer shall be obliged to incur any extra expense
in travelling and sitting on general courts martial, he shall be allowed a reasonable compensation for such extra
expense actually incurred, not exceeding one dollar and twenty-five cents per day to officers who are not entitled
to forage, and not exceeding one dollar per day to such as shall be entitled to forage.
Sec. 21. And be it further enacted, That no non-commissioned officer, musician or private, during the term of his
service, shall be arrested on a mesne process; or taken or charged in execution for any debt or debts contracted
before entitlement, which were severally under twenty dollars at the time of the contracting the same, nor for
any debt whatever contracted after enlistment.
Sec. 22. And be it further enacted, That whenever any officer or soldier shall be discharged from the service,
except by way of punishment for any offence, he shall be allowed his pay and rations, or an equivalent in money,
for such term of time as shall be sufficient for him to travel from the place of discharge to the place of his
residence, computing at the rate of twenty miles a day.
Sec. 23. And be it further enacted, That the subsistence of the officers of the army, when not received in kind,
shall be estimated at twenty cents per ration.
Sec. 24. And be it further enacted, That there shall be appointed to each brigade one chaplain, who shall be entitled
to the same pay an demoluments as a major in the infantry.
Sec. 25. And be it further enacted, That no general, field or staff officer, who may be appointed by virtue of
this act, shall be entitled to receive any pay or emoluments until he shall be called into actual service, nor
for any longer time than he shall continue therein.
January 11, 1812
The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , June 10 1812
WAR IN FACT
A declaration of public war without limitation or qualification against Great Britain passed on Thursday in the
House of Representatives. The minority (about 50) disdained to speak to the question, as from the closing of the
doors, their sentiments could not be known by their constituents. – Baltimore paper
The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , June 17, 1812
Raleigh, (N.C.) May 29, 1812
His Excellency the governor of this state has received a letter from the Secretary of war, under date of the 21st
inst., requesting him to order into actual service such part of the quota of the militia of this state, required
by his letter of the 15th of April, as Major General Pinckney may deem necessary for the defense of the fortifications
on the sea-board.
The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , JULY 8, 1812
On Sunday last, an express passed through Albany for Canada; said to be the bearer of dispatches from the British
Minister at Washington, giving an account of the declaration of war by Congress against G. Britain.
The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , JULY 29, 1812
New Fashioned War
Boston, July 3, 1812
We learn that on the arrival of the declaration of war at Eastport, the inhabitants of that place went over to
St. Andrews and took by force all the British goods they could find. Then the British mustered, came over the line
and took by force all the flour &c. that they could find. We are happy to learn no lives were lost in either
of the campaigns.
The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , August 5, 1812
Notice To Aliens
Department of State, July 7th 1812
All British Subjects within the United States are required forthwith to report to the marshals (or to the persons
to be appointed by them) of the respective states or territories within which they may reside, their names, their
age, the time they have been in the United States, the persons composing their families, the places of their residence
and their occupations or pursuits; and whether and at what time they have made the application to the courts required
by law as preparatory to their naturalization – and the Marshalls, respectively are to make to Department of State,
returns of all such British subjects with the above circumstances annexed to their names.
The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , August 26 1812
From Frankfort, Ken., Aug. 5, 1812
By the last western mail Governor Scott received a letter from Governor Edwards of the Illinois territory, dated
the 23d ult., in which he states that he has discovered as formidable a combination of Indians as the western country
has ever had to contend with; of the agency of unprincipled British emissaries in producing it and of immediate
danger to this part of the American frontier.” It is stated in the letter that 1500 warriors were assembled on
the banks of the Illinois river and had canoes enough to transport the whole of them – 3377 consisting of different
nations were lately assembled at Prairie de Chein, at St. Joseph’s Fort, and on Lake Michigan and its borders several
thousands. He also states that “all hopes of peace by any other means than hard fighting must now be abandoned.”
Governor Edwards says the Indians in the Illinois territory had the declaration of war some days before it was
known at Kaskaskia. From the information detailed above, and from confidential information received, which it is
improper to publish, we have no doubt but the volunteers from this state will be called upon to march against the
Indians in a few days.
Mr. Thomas D. Carneal, assistant quartermaster to General Hull’s army, arrived this morning express from General
Hull to our executive. He left Head Quarters at Sandwich on 29th ultimo. General Hull requests a reinforcement
of men from this state. He also mentions that Fort Michilimacinac was taken by the British aided by about 1000
Governor Harrison has also requested four companies of militia infantry as a reinforcement in this territory.
Governor Edwards communications are such as to justify the ordering on a reinforcement to that quarter. We understand
that orders will immediately issue to comply with these requests and it is the wish of the Governor that every
officer and soldier of the detachment of this state should be in place to carry into effect the orders as soon
as issued; of which they will be notified by express.
The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , August 26 1812
From Lexington, August 14, 1812
Gov. Harrison arrived in this place on Sunday evening. It is expected that the remainder of the Kentucky Volunteers
will be ordered to the Indiana territory and under the command of Gov. Harrison to commence a campaign against
the Indians on Lakes Michigan and Huron and ultimately to co-operate with Gen. Hull in reducing Michilmackinac,
which fort is remarkably strong and well supplied with ammunition. A strong force in that quarter would seem indispensably
necessary to guard the frontier against destructive predatory incursions from the Indians.
Gov. Edwards too, of the Illinois wants a guard and must be protected.
We are convinced that nothing will so well please the volunteers of this state as to be placed under the command
of Harrison – their unbounded confidence in his talents and skill will stimulate them under the severest hardships
and would undoubtedly lead them to perform feats of valor that would do honor to our fathers.
The Centinel (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania), October 14, 1812
Reports have reached town that the British had blockaded the Mississippi and seized Balize. General Wilkinson had
left New Orleans with a detachment of his army in the Steam boat, to reinforce Fort Plaqueemine. He had previously
called on the Governor of the state for 2200 militia to be placed under his command – 300 had already volunteered
at New Orleans to garrison the city. – Ken. Gaz.
The Centinel (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania), October 21, 1812
The inhabitants of the frontier towns in Vermont are flying into the interior, leaving their homes, and seeking
protection among their friends. A family from Eden arrived here a few days since. They are in fear of the Indians
who are collecting on the lines and there is on American force between Derby and Swanton, about eighty miles. –
Keene, N.H. paper
The Centinel (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania), December 16, 1812
Brief Sketch of the Seat of War.
As the situation of places on our north and north-western frontier, with their distance from each other, must be
interesting to our readers, we subjoin the following short sketch, regretting that our means of information have
been too limited to make it as complete as we could have wished. As far, however, as the statement goes, it may
be relied on to be accurate.
DETROIT is situated on a river of the
same name, 20 miles above the head of lake Erie. This river, opposite to Detroit, is three quarters of a mile in
width, with a current of about three miles an hour and of sufficient depth to carry any vessels which navigate
the lakes. All the waters which empty into the lake of the Woods, Lakes Superior, Michigan and Huron, pass down
Detroit river into Lake Erie.
The Town of Detroit contains from one hundred to one hundred and fifty houses, mostly frame, which have all been
built since the year 1805; the old town having been entirely destroyed by fire in June of that year.
The garrison stands at the north-west corner of the town, about 300 yards from the river, and is situated on a
small elevation, so as to overlook the surrounding plains. The whole face of the country is very level, becoming
flat and marshy as you proceed a few miles back from the river.
From Detroit to Brownstown, a Wyandot Indian village, is a distance of 18 or 19 miles. It is on the river about
1 mile above the lake and opposite to Fort Malden on the Canada side.
From Brownstown to the river Raisin, a distance of 18 miles, there are no settlements of whites, being mostly Indian
lands. There were a number of families residing on this river, previous to the surrender of Detroit, but they all
fled after that period, either to Detroit or the settlements in the state of Ohio, in consequence of the hostility
of the Indians.
From the river Raisin to the foot of the Rapids of Maumee river, a distance of 34 miles, there are no settlements.
On this river there was a considerable settlement, but the inhabitants all fed to the state of Ohio, at the same
time with those living on the river Raisin, and from the same cause.
From the Rapids of Maumee to Sandusky river, is a distance of 40 miles, being such low swampy lands that there
have been no settlements made on the road between these two places. At the mouth of Sandusky the first settlement
on the lake within the state of Ohio commences, which continues with short intervals to Buffalo, through part of
the states of Pennsylvania and New York. From Sandusky river to Cleveland is a distance of about eighty miles,
and from thence to Erie, in Pennsylvania, about 100 miles, and 90 from Erie to Buffalo.
BUFFALO, is situated at the foot of Lake
Erie, within a few hundred yards of the lake, nearly opposite the British Fort Erie and between two and three miles
BLACK ROCK is about two miles below Buffalo,
at the foot of a very considerable rapid in the river, which is here about the same width of Detroit river. From
Black Rock to the fall of Niagara, is a distance of about 20 miles and from thence to Lewistown, 8 or 9 miles,
opposite Queenstown on the Canada side.
FORT NIAGARA stands at the head of Lake
Ontario, 8 miles below Lewistown and nearly opposite to Newark and Fort George. From the falls down to Lake Ontario,
the river is not more than from a quarter to half a mile wide. – Pittsburg Mercury