Cherokee Tribe Biographies
Nothing is known of Nancy's childhood, but as a young woman she married the kingfisher, a brave warrior. By him she had two children; Catherine and Five killer. The creek Indians began a war against the Cherokees in 1755, which ended in a great battle at Taliwa, near the present Canton, (Cherokee county) Georgia, in that year. Oconcstota, with five hundred Cherokees, defeated a much larger number of creeks. During the battle, the Kingfisher was killed. Nancy who had accompanied him as was the custom at the time, seized his rifle and fought in his place. Her act around unbounded admiration among the Cherokees. A short time later, a vacancy occurred in the office of beloved woman, who was head of the woman's council of the Cherokees, Nancy Ward was selected. The title was agi-ga-u-e, which means "very much beloved woman." It was an extremely important position. She had the power of life or death over war prisoners, her word was more powerful than that of the chiefs and was considered the voice of the great spirit speaking through her. She even had power to institute proceedings for removal of a chief should she consider his actions unworthy. The Cherokee paid extraordinary respect to woman-hood.
[Her grave is in Polk County, TN - submitted by Pam Rathbone]
BLACK FOX - CHEROKEE NATION
The Centinel (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania) September 18 1811
Death of the Black Fox
The death of this distinguished Chief of the Cherokees is an event of importance to the people of this section of the western country. Many of the young men of the nation it is known have expressed themselves with jealous hostility of the whites, insomuch, that on several occasions misunderstandings, like to produce bloodshed, have frequently taken place. Notwithstanding detachments of the U. States troops, have frequently been employed in removing trespassers off the Indian lands, encroachments continue to be made and continue to furnish just subjects of complaint to this tribe of Indians. Circumstances of this kind afford to the restless and designing, the means of sowing the seeds of hostility in the minds of many. On such occasions the influence of the Black Fox, never failed in quieting the minds of his unreflecting brethren – and when it is considered that a commercial intercourse with Mobile, through the waters of the Coosa, which rise in and pass through a considerable part of the Cherokee country, is an object of particular interest to the people of this State, the death of a Chief whose information enabled him to estimate the advantages that would result to this tribe from a measure of the kind, is much to be regretted. – Tenn. Pap.
[Submitted by Nancy Piper]