Chief Bemidji (aka Shay-now-ish-kung, aka Bay-me-ge-maug)
Duluth, Minn., April 20 - Chief Bemidji, the oldest and one of the best known Indian chieftains of the northwest, is dead at Cass Lake, at the age of 85. He participated in many famous battles and volumes have been written concerning him. The town of Bemidji was named after him. Nearly the entire population will attend the funeral to-day. The burial will be in the Cass Lake cemetery.
For many years before the advent of the first white settler, Bemidji lived on the present townsite of the same name and endeavored to secure the land as his allotment. He failed to have it allotted to him, and then tried to secure the land under the homestead laws, by abandoning his tribal relations. His friends contend that he was defrauded out of it, and it was a great sorrow to the old man to see his land pass into the hands of strangers, and himself dispossessed. Until his recent sickness he lived all alone in a little cabin near Rick lake, 14 mile north of Cass lake.
Two weeks ago his life was despaired of, and he gladly bade death come to start him upon his journey to the happy hunting ground where, his simple faith whispered, he would not want either for bread of fire. [The Minneapolis Journal., April 20, 1904 - sub. by K. Torp]
Billy Caldwell, (Indian chief "Sauganash"), died, Council Bluffs, Iowa, September 28, 1841, aged 60. (Source: 1843 Chicago City Directory, reprinted in 1896, sub. by K. Torp)
Died recently, at the Onondaga Castle, Onondaga Co, Mixton, one the chiefs of the Onondaga tribe of Indians, aged about 53 yrs. So trusted by the white man, he has frequently had credit of the merchants to the amount of upwards of $1,200. [Daily National Intelligencer, JAN 1, 1821 - Submitted by K. Torp]
DIED - At the Onondaga Castle, in this town, Mixton, one of the Chiefs of the Onondaga tribe of Indians, aged about 53. It may be said of Mixton that he was scarcely inferior to the celebrated Schenandoa, in strength of mind and as possessing those qualities which adorn the human heart. He has for more than 30 years been a warm and decided friend to the white people. In the late war he took an active part, particularly at the battle of Chippewa. For a number of years he has had the perfect confidence of the white people indeed, so great was the reliance placed in his integrity that he has frequently had credit of our merchants to the amount of upwards of 1,200 dollars. Within the last few years he had been in the habit of becoming responsible for most of the tribe to obtain their clothing and such articles as they needed to make them comfortable during the inclement season, and, of paying when their money should be received from the State in June. In this way his account at a single store have been from 800 to 1,200 dollars. He kept all his accounts with the several individuals of the tribe by marks, and such was his accuracy, that he seldom was detected in an error. His death will be a great loss to the tribe, and sincerely regretted by his white friends - [Onondaga Reg, reprinted in The Rochester Telegraph, Rochester NY, Tue Jan 16, 1821]
Alex Robinson, (Indian chief), died, on his Reservation, April 22, 1872, aged 83. (Source: 1843 Chicago City Directory, reprinted in 1896, sub. by K. Torp)
Died. Shuh-shee-ahsh, 68, also known as Curley, a Crow Indian scout, the sole survivor of the Custer massacre, of cancer of the liver, at the Crow Agency, Mont. He was buried on the Custer Battlefield. [Time Magazine, Jun 4, 1923 - submitted by K. Torp] There is controversy surrounding whether he was the "sole" survivor or not. View more data on him at our Montana site
Lucy Tantiquigion, aged 97, died. She was born in the sixth year of George the Second's reign and was the sister of Rev. Samson Occu, the Indian warrior who went to England in 1766 to obtain school assistance for the Indians. (22 June 1830, National Intelligencer, sub. by K. Torp)
Richard Taylor - Second Chief of Cherokee Tribe
Wabansee, (Indian chief), died, Boonville, Mo., fall 1846, aged 80. (Source: 1843 Chicago City Directory, reprinted in 1896, sub. by K. Torp)
Old Indian Chief Dead.
Wolf Pace, one of the most noted war chiefs of the Cheyennes, died at his home near Colony, Okla. Saturday. He was nearly 100 years old [Valentine Democrat (Valentine, Neb.), March 25, 1909 - Sub. by K.T.]
Nashville, Tenn. June 17
Died at the Hermitage on the morning of the 1st instant of a pulmonary complaint, and in the 16th year of his age, Lyncoya, the orphan son of a chief of the Creek Nation.
On the 3d of November, 1813, after the battle of Talulshatche was gained, an Indian child, about ten or twelve months old was found by an American soldier in the bloodiest part of the field, sucking at the breast of its dead mother, who had been killed, unfortunately, in action. The child was brought to General Jackson, who heart was immediately interested in its preservation. As many squaws had been taken and some of them had children at the breast, he applied to these to suckle it, offering a reward to anyone who would preserve it. They all refused saying that as its father and mother had been killed the best way would be to kill it also.
At that time the army was destitute of provisions and the only sustenance that could be got for the infant captive was made of a small quantity of brown sugar and the crumbs of biscuits scraped from the chinks of a barrel. These mixed in water, composed a diet which he seemed to relish and with the General and his faithful servant Charles kept him alive until an opportunity occurred for sending him to Huntsville.
The General then committed his foundling to the care Colonel Leroy Pope of that place, who was requested to take charge of him until he could be conveyed to Mrs. Jackson. Colonel Pope humanely received the little “Indian boy;” and his amiable daughter, Maria bestowed upon him the tenderest care. She gave him the name of Lyncoya and affectionately detained him at her father’s until the close of the Creek war; when General Jackson on his return march to Tennessee took him home, delivered him to Mrs. Jackson and adopted him into his family.
In his first years he was feeble and sickly, a consequence probably of his want of a mother’s care and nourishment; a want which nothing can supply. But after a time he became healthy and grew finely. At the age of five he began to discover an inclination for solitude and a turn for mechanical employments. At this age he made a bow fashioned after the manner of the Indians, the first of the kind that had ever been seen on the General’s farm. This excited much surprise in the family as he had no intercourse whatever with Indians, except on one or two occasions when a few chiefs called to visit to take but slight notice of him. But whether from immediate instinct or from a predisposition to imitate Indian manners, he was in the habit of dressing his head with all the feathers he could pick up in the yard and amusing himself constantly with his little bow – differing in this particular from civilized children who change their amusements and toys with a sort of capricious variety.
At eight years of age the General sent him to a good day school in the neighborhood but he was very averse to learning and not even master of the alphabet in the course of a whole year. At 10, however, his intellectual faculties seemed to awaken. He became found of learning and advanced in it rapidly, giving evident signs of genius. The General then proposed having his education completed at West Point and securing him a station in the army; and had made know his wishes on the subject to President Monroe, who promised his countenance and favor.
But before Lyncoya’s education was sufficiently advanced to give him admission at West Point, Mr. Adams and Mr. Clay came into power under circumstances which prevented any application for a warrant on the part of General Jackson. He therefore proposed to Lyncoya that he should indulge in his mechanical turn and learn some profitable trade. He said he preferred being a saddler, and in 1827, his English education being sufficient, he was bound to a saddler in Nashville.
During last winter he caught cold which fixed on his lungs and reduced him to such weakness that he got leave of absence and returned, as he said, “home,” to the Hermitage. There he was treated with the greatest kindness and care. His diet was attended to – medical aid was called in and exercise in a carriage and on horseback afforded him. I have frequently seen him accompanying Mrs. Jackson in short excursions taken for his benefit and that amiable and benevolent lady, learning that Liverwort was esteemed salutary in consumptive cases, procured it and administered it to the Indian orphan.
But all was in vain; he declined with a progress daily visible and after very severe sufferings, which he bore with the uncomplaining fortitude of his race, expired under the roof of the hero who had conquered his nation, but who followed his remains to a decent grave and shed a tear as the earth closed over him forever. [Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, August 20 1828]
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