SUMMARY OF EVENTS OF THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR.
Source: "Alphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : War of the Rebellion, Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection, and all old wars, with dates ; summary of events of the War of the Rebellion, 1860-1865, Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurection, 1898-1900, troubles in China, 1900, with other valuable information in regard to the various wars"
Authors: Strait, N. A.
City of Publication: Washington, D.C.
Publisher: N.A. Strait
Submitted by K. Torp
7,8. Five of Sampson's vessels bombard shore batteries and force their way into the bay at Fishers Point, where the first United States troops landed on the 10th. The St. Louis cut gulf cable near shore.
10. The war-revenue bill is passed by the Senate; 600 United States marines land at Caimanera, Guantanamo Bay.
11. The invasion of Cuba begins, 800 marines landing at Guantanamo; there is fighting, during which the Americans lose 4 men killed and 1 wounded. U. S. S. Monterey and collier Brutus sail from San Diego, Cal., for Honolulu, en route to Manila.
12. United States marines encamped at Guantanamo are again attacked; 2 Americans are killed and 7 wounded.
14. General Fitzhugh Lee ordered to prepare an army of 40,000 to move on Habana.
Last of the transports, with about 18,000 men on board, sails from Tampa, Fla., to Cuba. 14,15. Guantanamo Bay and fort at Caimanera bombarded by war ships; also fighting between marines and Spaniards.
15. Second Manila expedition sails from San Francisco. Vesuvius fires her dynamite guns for the first time at Santiago. Spaniards routed from Guantanamo.
17. Report of Admiral Dewey, under date of June 12, received, stating that the insurgents under Aguinaldo have practically surrounded Manila and captured 2,500 Spaniards. Congress provided for a hospital corps for the Navy.
20. Congress amends the volunteer-army act of April 22, 1898, concerning officers assigned to staff duty. The Ladrone Islands taken by the United States squadron bound for Manila. General Shatter's army arrives off the Cuban coast near Daiquiri.
22. Captain Sigsbee sinks Spanish destroyer Terror with the St. Paul, near San Juan, Porto Rico; no casualties. General Shafter's army begins landing at Daiquiri.
23. Landing of Shafter's army shifted to Siboney and continued through the night by aid of the searchlights on the St. Louis.
24. Train carrying the Torrey Cowboy regiment from Fort D. A. Russell to Jacksonville, Fla., is derailed at St. Joseph, Mo., killing the engineer and badly scalding the fireman.
24. 1,114 United States troops defeat 3,000 Spaniards, at La Quasima, Cuba. About 64 Americans killed and wounded, including Capt. Allen K. Capron and Sergt. Hamiltion Fish, jr., of the Rough Riders. Spain lost about 200 killed and wounded.
25. General Chaffee takes Sevilla.
26. The first section of the train bearing the Torrey regiment of Rough Riders is run
into, at Tupelo, Miss., by the second, and 5 men are instantly killed and 15 injured. General Shafter occupies Sevilla.
27. General Shafter advances upon Santiago.
28. The third Philippine expedition sails from San Francisco. President proclaims a blockade of southern Cuba, from Cape Frances to Cape Cruz; also of Porto Rico.
29. The first Philippine expedition lands at Manila, having captured the Spanish garrison of the Ladrone Islands en route. General Merritt sails from San Francisco to take command of land forces at Manila.
30. Santiago's water supply is cut off from the city.
1. Assault on Santiago outworks. General Lawton's division carries El Caney, and the Roosevelt Rough Riders, with the First, Sixth, and Tenth Regular Infantry, take San Juan, after desperate fighting and considerable loss. Vessels of the American fleet bombard the harbor defenses. (See Santiago— alphabetical list.) The Spaniards make an unsuccessful effort to retake San Juan. Sampson's fleet continues to shell Morro Castle and other forts.
3. Admiral Cervera's squadron makes a dash from Santiago harbor, but is sighted; Sampson's fleet promptly attacks, and all the Spanish vessels are sunk or destroyed; practically the entire naval force of Cervera is killed or captured. Spain's losses were 300 killed, 150 wounded, and 1,600 captured. The surrender of Santiago is demanded.
5. Congress passes an act to increase the strength of the Engineer Corps of the Army.
6. The Spanish cruiser, Alphonso XII, attempts to escape from Habana harbor and is sunk. Lieutenant Hobson and his men are exchanged.
7. An act of Congress supplying deficiencies in appropriations carries war appropriations, to be expended under the Secretary of Waf, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of Agriculture, to the total amount of $226,604,261. Major-General Miles leaves Washington for Santiago. Dewey takes Isla Grande and 1,300 Spanish prisoners.
8. Congress passes the following acts: (1) To increase the number of quartermaster-sergeants; (2) to authorize the assignment of a staff signal officer, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, to each army corps; (3) to fix the pay and allowance of regimental chaplains of volunteers; (4) to reimburse governors of States and Territories for expenses incurred in aiding the United States to raise and equip men for the volunteer army. 10. General Linares refuses to surrender Santiago.
13. The U. S. S. St. Louis reaches Portsmouth, N. H.,with 692 Spanish prisoners, taken when Cervera's fleet was destroyed, among whom are the admiral and Captain Eulate of the Vizcaya.
14. Santiago surrendered to the United States.
17. The Spanish army under General Torai having marched out and laid down its arms, the United States flag is raised over Santiago at noon. Losses to Spain, about 25,000 men, 23,892 rifles, 1,247 carbines, 97 cannon, and large quantities of small arms and ammunition.
18. Manzanillo is shelled and Spanish vessels destroyed.
20. United States troops land at Gurinica, Porto Rico, the town having surrendered after a few shots from a war vessel. No casualties. General Miles sails for Porto Rico. The Government awards a Spanish company the contract for transporting to Spain the soldiers surrendered in Cuba.
21. General Wood becomes military governor of Santiago. The report reaches Washington that the second Philippine expedition has arrived at Cavite.
22. General N. A. Miles reports progress of the Porto Rico expedition from Mole St. Nicholas, Haiti. General Anderson, at Manila, reports that Aguinaldo has declared himself dictator of the Philippines.
23. Another expedition for the Philippine Islands sails from San Francisco.
25. General Miles, with 3,500 soldiers, begins landing on Porto Rican soil, near Ponce, Guanica road, Porto Rico.
26. Spain, through the French ambassador at Washington, asks President McKinley to name terms upon which the United States would be willing to make peace.
27. The American forces in Porto Rico advanced to Yauco, meeting with little opposition from Spanish troops.
28. General Brooke, with soldiers on the St. Louis, St. Paul, and Massachusetts, leaves Newport News to join General Miles in Porto Rico. (See Ponce, alphabetical list.)
29. In the British parliament Hon. Joseph Chamberlain, secretary of state for the colonies, says that Senor Du Bose, the former Spanish charge d'affaires at Washington, had been notified by the Canadian premier to leave Canada. The British Government had reason to believe that he was using Canada for belligerent operations against the United States.
30. Report is received that General Merritt has arrived at Cavite. The President communicates to Cambon, French ambassador, the conditions with which Spain must comply before the United States will begin negotiations for peace.
31. The battleship Texas reaches New York from Guantanamo. At Malate, near Manila, a battle is fought, in which the Americans lose 11 killed and 44 wounded, while the Spanish loss is estimated at 500 killed and wounded.
2. Arroyo and Guayamo, Porto Rico, surrender to the American Army. The terms, on fulfillment of which the United States would discuss peace with Spain, are made public. They include the immediate evacuation of every Spanish dependency in the "Western Hemisphere; the relinquishment of all Spanish claim to sovereignty in Cuba; the cession of Porto Rico and other islands, except Cuba, to the "United States; the holding by the United States of Manila, city and bay, pending settlement by commissioners of the future disposition ancl government of the Philippines; and the cession of an island (Guam) in the Ladrones; the United States asks no money indemnity.
4. Secretary Alger orders General Shafter to send the Santiago army to Montauk PointJ Long Island, as fast as possible. The monitor Monterey arrives in Manila Bay.
5. The Madrid "Government orders Spanish soldiers in Porto Rico not to resist. General Shatter's troops begin embarking at Santiago for New York. Guayamo, P. R., engagement. (See alphabetical list.)
7. Roosevelt's Rough Riders embark at Santiago for Montauk Point, Long Island. Nearly all the American troops in Porto Rico advance upon San Juan.
8. Ambassador Cambon receives Spain's reply to the terms proposed by the United States. Guayamo, P. R., engagement 4 miles north of. (See alphabetical list.)
9. Spain's full reply to peace propositions is received by President McKinley, in which American demands are acceded to, but with conditions. Coamo, in Porto Rico, is captured by the American army. (See alphabetical list.)
10. New peace protocol is submitted to Spain. Sampson and Schley are promoted to be rear-admirals. Hormigueros, P. R., engagement. (See alphabetical list.)
11. Mayaguez,P. R., is captured by General Schwan's troops.
12. The Madrid Government signs the protocol and hostilities cease. Arbonito Pass, near Porto Rico. (See alphabetical list.)
13. The American troops under General Anderson assault Manila, and the Spanish garrison capitulates and surrenders the city and suburbs. (See alphabetical list.) Rio Prieto, at crossing of, near Las Marias, P. R. (See alphabetical list.) The total casualties in Porto Rico from July 25 to August 13 were 7 killed and 36 wounded.
16. The President appoints commissions to arrange with like commissions on the part of Spain for the evacuation of Cuba and Porto Rico. They are as follows: For Cuba—Maj. Gen. James F. Wade, Rear-Admiral W. T. Sampson, and Maj. Gen. Matthew C. Butler; for Porto Rico—Maj. Gen. John R. Brooke, Rear-Admiral , Winfield Scott Schley, and Brig. Gen. William W. Gordon.
17. The President decides to muster out of the service from 75,000 to 100,000 volunteers of the various arms. 20. Sampson's great warships, home from Santiago, parade up New York Harbor and are greeted by thousands of people, who cheer wildly at the sight. The battle ships that participated in this demonstration were the Iowa, Indiana, Massachusetts, Oregon, Texas, and cruisers New York and Brooklyn.
22. All the troops of General Merritt's department remaining at San Francisco ordered to Honolulu, to be held there until further orders.
23. General Merritt assumes the duties of governor of Manila.
26. The President announces his peace commission, as follows: Secretary of State Day, Senator Davis, of Minnesota; Senator Frye, of Maine; Whitelaw Reid, of New York, and Justice E. D. White of the Supreme Court. The last of Shafter's army leaves Santiago for the United States.
28. Near Newcastle, Ala., a train bearing the Sixty-ninth New York Infantry is wrecked, killing 3 and seriously injuring many others.
29. For the first time in the history of the American Army a woman, Mrs. Anita McGee, is commissioned as assistant surgeon. Adjutant-General Corbin issues orders providing for the furloughing of soldiers for sixty and thirty days. Lieutenant Hobson arrives at Santiago to superintend the raising of the sunken Spanish cruisers Cristobal Colon and Maria Teresa. Maj. Gen. El well S. Otis, U. S. .Volunteers, relieved Major-General Merritt, in command of the Eighth Corps.
30. The Secretary of War orders a sixty-day furlough to be granted to the Thirty-third and Thirty-fourth regiments Michigan Volunteers, and that they be mustered out at expiration of furlough.
9. The peace commission is completed by the appointment of Senator Gray, of Delaware, Justice White having declined. The battle ship Massachusetts*, returning from Cuba, arrives in New York Harbor.
11. Admiral Cervera expresses his warm gratitude for the sympathy and generous treatment he has received from the American people. At Camp Hamilton, near Lexington, Ky., 33 nurses of the division hospital desert their posts and return to their regiments, leaving 461 soldiers without care. The Porto Rico evacuation commission meet in San Juan, and the Americans present their plans, in accordance with the instructions of the Government. Admiral Cervera and those who survived the engagement of July 3 embark on the steamship City of Rome, off Portsmouth, N. H., to return to Spain.
13. Roosevelt's Rough Riders are mustered out.
14. The evacuation of Porto Rico begins. The Spanish war vessels take their departure.
17. The evacuation commission for Guba, on the part of Spain, has arrived at Habana and held a preliminary meeting; the names given are Admiral Manterola, General Gonzales Parrado, and the Marquis of Montero.
19. The advance supply ships of the expedition for Manila leave Fortress Monroe.
20. Habana, Cuba, the first American flag is hoisted over the headquarters of the evacuation commission, Trocha Hotel. The evacuation of the outlying ports of Porto Rico by the Spanish begins.
21. Four hundred sailors are ordered from San Francisco to Manila to take the place of Dewey's men, whose time is about to expire.
24. The jurisdiction of.Military Governor Wood is extended to embrace the province of Santiago de Cuba. The first meeting of the war investigation commission is held at the White House. It consists of the following: Gen. Grenville M. Dodge, Gen. A. McD. McCook, Gen. John M. Wilson, Col. Charles Denby, Col. J. A. Sexton, Hon. Urban A. Woodbury, Judge J. A. Beaver, Capt. Evan P. Howell, and Dr. Phineas Connor.
25. The United States cutter Hugh McCulloch captures the insurgent steamer Abbey near Manila. Lieutenant Hobson floats the Maria Teresa, sunk July 3, and starts her in tow of another vessel to Guantanamo.
27. The battle ships Iowa and Oregon ordered to Manila. The American peace commissioners meet in Paris.
4. In the vicinity of Cienfuegos, Cuba, 2,000 irregular Spanish troops openly revolt and take up arms because they have not been paid, and lay down their arms only after payment is made. At Newport News the great battle ship Illinois is launched.
10. The American flag is hoisted over Manzanillo, Cuba.
12. The battleships Iowa and Oregon leave New York Harbor on their way to Manila.
13. Dispatch from Manila says that Dewey has raised the Spanish naval vessel Bulucan, which was sunk in the Pasig River when the city was captured. 15-16. Spanish transports sail from San Juan for Spain, carrying General Maciasand staff and about 4,300 soldiers who have served in Cuba and Porto Rico.
16. The war investigation commission leaves Washington to visit army camps in the South.
17. The United States troopship Senator sails from San Francisco with 772 soldiers to reenforce General Otis at Manila.
18. The United States takes formal possession of Porto Rico.
19. Military Governor Wood appoints a Spaniard mayor of Santiago. Under instructions issued by Lieutenant Hobson, efforts are making to raise the Cristobal Colon.
25. Philadelphia's great peace jubilee begins with a grand review of the war ships in the harbor.
27. Military day of the Philadelphia peace jubilee, and also a day of prayer and thanksgiving under proclamation of Governor Hastings. Admiral Sampson requests the Navy Department to send the Vesuvius to Habana, as a precaution against any outbreak on the part of either Spanish soldiers or Cubans.
5. The ocean tug Merritt arrives at Charleston, S. C, and reports that the Maria Teresa, which was being towed north, was lost, November 1, off San Salvador Island, West Indies, in a furious storm.
6. The Spaniards in Habana are found to be active in promoting broils between Americans and Cubans.
8. The Navy Department receives a report that the Maria Teresa is ashore on a reef at Cat Island. A leading British journal, the Daily Mail, urges the American people to pronounce boldly in favor of retaining the Philippines, '' otherwise there will be a scramble for coaling stations, which will endanger the peace of the world."
15. The Navy Department receives a message from Captain McCalla, who was sent to report the condition of the stranded Maria Teresa, that he and experienced engineers—Hobson, Blow, Craven, and Crittenden—believe the rescue of the ship wholly impracticable.
26. The battle ship Wisconsin, christened by Miss Elizabeth Stephenson, is launched in San Francisco Harbor.
10. The treaty of peace was signed in Paris.
13. The remains of Christopher Columbus are transferred from the cathedral in Habana to the ship Conde de Venadito, on board which they are to be conveyed to Cadiz, Spain.
21. Preliminary orders are issued by Adjutant-General Corbin providing for mustering out 50,000 volunteers in January.
22. Rear-Admiral Schley receives a handsome and costly sword, presented to him by the people of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware.
23. Commander Taussig, of the war ship Bennington, at Honolulu, is ordered to the Ladrone Islands, to take possession of all the property on the island of Guam which belonged to Spain, and establish a naval station there. The last formal meeting of the United States and Spanish evacuation commissioners is held in Habana.
General Brooke, military governor of Cuba, issues a proclamation to the inhabitants, assuring them of protection, and advising them to resume all peaceful pursuits. The sovereignty of Cuba passes from Spain to the United States at noon.
The work of putting Habana in proper sanitary condition begins, under direction of American officers.
1. Guam Island. (See February 28.)
6. Ratification of peace treaty advised by the United States Senate and ratified by the President.
20. Bill to pay Spain $20,000,000 under the terms of the peace treaty passed the House of Representatives. (See March 1 and April 15.) Manila insurgents attack San Pedro Mascati.
22. Manila, incendiarism in, resulting in heavy loss of property; grade of Admiral revived; bill passed House of Representatives with amendment. (See March 2.)
24. Dewey cabled request that the Oregon be sent to Manila at once for "political reasons;" Manila, skirmishes at, several Americans wounded; General Gomez entered Habana escorted by American and Cuban troops.
25. Cebu, a Philippine town, surrendered to gunboat Petrel.
27. Army reorganization bill passed the Senate.
28. Guam Island, announced that Commodore Taussig, of cruiser Bennington, took formal possession of, on February 1; battleship Oregon leaves Honolulu for Manila. (See March 18.) German Government orders all its war ships from Philippine waters.
1. Senate passed naval appropriation bill and bill to pay Spain $20,000,000 under the terms of the peace treaty. (See April 15.)
2. President signs bill creating rank of Admiral in the Navy. (See February 22.) General Toral is imprisoned preparatory to being court-martialed for his surrender of Santiago.
3. Senate confirms nomination of George Dewey as Admiral; General Otis is promoted to rank of major-general.
4. Manila, near, gunboats shell the rebels, causing heavy loss; one American soldier killed and two wounded; the civil members of the United States Philippine commission reach Manila on cruiser Baltimore; Admiral Dewey raises his flag on the Olympia. (Negros—see March 9.)
5. Chairman Cannon, House of Representatives, issued statement that appropriations made by Fifty-fifth Congress aggregate $1,566,890,016, of which sum $482,562,082 is directly chargeable to the war, or incident thereto.
6. Filipinos and Americans continue fighting.
8. Manila, American soldiers suffer severely from the heat.
9. Negros, reported that American troops landed at, March 4, and were well received.
10. Manila, 2,000 infantry arrived with Major-General Lawton on transport Grant. The total number of deaths in the Army since May 1, 1898, are reported as follows: Killed inaction, 329; died of wounds, 125; died of disease, 5,277; total, 5,731. The losses in the Navy are reported as follows: Killed in battle, 17; died of wounds, 1; total, 18.
11. General Gomez impeached and removed from command of the Cuban army by Cuban military assembly; General Wheaton's brigade, advanced from Manila against the Filipinos.
13. Pasig, city of, captured by General Wheaton.
15. Pasig, General Wheaton attacks and defeats a force of 3,000 Filipinos.
16. Gaitai, near Pasig, captured by General Wheaton.
18. The Oregon arrived at Manila. (See February 28.) Taguig attacked by Filipinos, but latter are repulsed; signing of peace treaty at Madrid; formal notice given State Department by M. Cambon, French ambassador.
19. Peace treaty signed by the Queen Regent; General Wheaton attacks Filipinos and pursues them for 11 miles; riot between police and people at Habana; forty persons wounded.
20. Iloilo, insurgents repulsed at.
21. The Cuban government reports they have an army of 13,219 men, exclusive of officers.
22. M. Cambon, the French ambassador at Washington, is designated by the Queen Regent to act for Spain in the exchange of ratifications of the peace treaty.
25. Troops advance in Luzon; defeat of the Filipinos; three towns captured, including Mallabon and Malinta; Secretary Alger and party arrive at Habana.
26. Polo, town of, captured after a fierce fight by General Wheaton's brigade. Twelfth Regiment New York Volunteers returns from Cuba and parades in New York City.
28. Luzon, advance on, continues. Filipinos burn the town of Bulacan.
29. The Spanish Government establishes a credit for the payment on April 1 of the interest on the Cuban debt.
30. Malolos, the seat of the Filipino government, captured by General MacArthur.
31. Malolos occupied by General MacArthur's division.
1. The Cuban military assembly decides to postpone dissolution.
3. It is announced that since occupation by the Americans the total revenue of the Philippine Islands has been $2,900,000.
4. Cuban military assembly voted to dissolve and to disband the army.
8. Expedition sent by General Otis against Santa Cruz, Philippine Islands.
9. Filipinos make a night attack on General Ludlow's line, south of Manila, and are repulsed.
10. Santa Cruz, two towns captured in, by General Lawton.
11. Peace treaty, ratification of, at White House, Washington, D. C, by President McKinley and M. Cambon, the French ambassador, acting for Spain.
12. As the result of an ambush by the adherents of Mataafa, near Apia, Samoa, 3 American officers, 1 English officer, and 3 English sailors are killed. Manila, north of. Filipinos driven back by General Wheaton, who captured a fleet from the Santa Cruz River.
13. Cuban army rolls given to General Brooke, and General Gomez is appointed Cuban representative in the negotiations.
14. Secretary of State directs United States consuls to Spain who were obliged to leave on account of the war to return. The Cuban muster rolls show 48,000 names.
15. Spanish Government notified that the United States is ready to pay the $20,000,000 indemnity for the Philippines. (See April 28.)
17. A dispatch from Manila announces that a committee of Filipinos has been appointed to confer with, the United States commission, with a view to bringing about peace.
18. Admiral Dewey reports the capture by the Filipinos of a lieutenant and 14 men of the gunboat Yorktown.
19. General Gomez declared himself in favor of American protection over Cuba.
20. The last Spanish garrison withdraws from the Philippines.
22. General Lawton with a strong force takes the field against the Filipinos.
23. Malolos, fight near; 6 Americans killed and 43 wounded.
26. Peace treaty delivered in Paris to the Spanish ambassador and forwarded to Madrid.
27. Reported that Aguinaldo intends to hold all Spanish and American prisoners.
28. Filipino agents bearing a flag of truce go to Manila and ask for an armistice until the Filipino congress can act in the matter. General Otis declines to recognize the Filipino government. Brig. Gen. George W. Davis appointed governor of Porto Rico to succeed General Henry. Treasury transmits warrants for the $20,000,000 due Spain under peace treaty. (See April 15.)
29. The army beef court of inquiry finishes its work and adjourns.
1. Admiral Dewey reports that the men of the Yorktown captured by the Filipinos are safe at the insurgents' headquarters. Warrants for the $20,000,000 due to Spain under the terms of the peace treaty are delivered to the French ambassador.
2. General Lawton's column captured several Filipino villages. Col. Frederick Funston, of the Twentieth Kansas Regiment, appointed brigadier-general of volunteers.
4. General Lawton's forces drive the Filipinos from their intrenchments at Maasin. General MacArthur captures the town of Santo Tomas. Governor-General Brooke signed the commission of the justices of the supreme court of Cuba.
5. General MacArthur's division occupies the Filipino town of San Fernando. The insurgents make an ineffectual effort to break through General Ovenshine's lines south of Manila.
6. A Manila dispatch says that the American troops are about to attack the Philippine town of Bacalor.
8. Rear-Admiral John C. Watson ordered to Manila to relieve Admiral Dewey.
9. General Gomez makes the request of General Brooke for a Cuban standing army of 15,000 men.
10. It is reported from Manila that the Filipino congress held a meeting at San Isidro. 12. The First Nebraska Regiment presents a petition to General MacArthur, asking to be relieved from duty at the front.
15. Admiral Kautz's report on the killing of American sailors in Samoa is made public. The Supreme Court decides the first naval prize-money case of the Spanish war, holding that the French steamer Olinde Rodriquez must be returned to her owners. General Gomez withdraws his support from the work of distributing pay to the Cuban soldiers and General Brooke takes charge. The Filipino attack upon gunboat near Calumpit is repulsed.
16. General Lawton moves on the Filipino capital, San Isidro.
17. President McKinley cables to Manila his congratulations to General Lawton and his command for their capture of the Filipino capital.
19. General Luna arrests Aguinaldo's envoys to prevent their reaching the American lines.
20. The Scretary of War approves General Brooke's plan for disposing of the arms of the Cuban soldiers and orders that payment of $3,000,000 be begun at once. The Filipino peace envoys reach Manila and ask General Otis for an armistice; he refuses, but orders all aggressive movements "suspended until further orders."
21. President McKinley announces important changes in the tariff laws of Cuba, Porto Rico, and the Philippines. The Spanish cruiser Reina Mercedes, one of Cervera's fleet sunk in Santiago Harbor, and raised by a wrecking company, arrives in Hampton Roads.
22. President Schurman, of the Philippine commission, makes definite offers of peace to the insurgents.
23. The U. S. cruiser Olympia, with Admiral Dewey on board, arrives at Hongkong.
24. A report from General MacArthur, showing the responsibilities of the Filipinos for beginning the outbreak at Manila, is made public.
25. The Navy Department receives word from Admiral Kautz of the arrival of the joint high commission in Samoa.
26. Admiral Dewey informs the Navy Department that he will reach New York City about October 1. T. Estrada Palma issues a statement of the money collected and expended by the Cuban junta. The payment of $3,000,000 to the Cuban army begins.
27. Seven Cuban ex-insurgents appear in Habana to accept payment from the American fund of $3,000,000.
28. Reports of operations in the Philippines are received from Generals Otis and Hale. One hundred and eleven Cubans apply for payment from the $3,000,000 fund.
29. The Spanish system of courts in the Philippines is revised under the sovereignty of the United States with some prominent Filipinos as members of the supreme court.
30. Memorial Day honors are paid to the American dead at Habana and Manila.
31. Report of General Otis in regard to the Philippines is made public. The Duke of Arcos, the new Spanish minister, arrives at Washington.
1. General Otis informs the Secretary of War that 30,000 men are needed to control the Philippines. The report of the commission on affairs in Porto Rico is made public.
2. The Cabinet decides that "there is no present necessity for the enlistment of volunteers." In the Queen Regent's speech from the throne at the opening of the Spanish Cortes it is announced that the Marianne, Caroline, and Palos islands have been ceded to Germany.
3. Diplomatic relations with Spain are resumed with the reception of the new Spanish minister, the Duke of Arcos, by President McKinley. General Lawton begins a general forward movement against the Filipinos to the west of Manila.
4. Admiral Dewey leaves Hongkong.
5. The Filipino town of Morong is captured by the Americans.
6. General Gomez issues a farewell manifesto to the Cubans, in which he pleads for political harmony.
7. Gonzalo de Quesada is appointed.commissioner for Cuba at Washington. General Otis announces that he is in control of the Morong Peninsula, Luzon.
8. It is reported in London that Aguinaldo has dissolved the Philippine cabinet, proclaiming himself dictator.
10. A forward movement against the Filipinos south of Manila is begun by Generals Lawton, Wheaton, and Ovenshine. The cruiser Olympia, wTith Admiral Dewey on board, arrives at Singapore. Bellamy Storer, the United States minister to Spain, arrives at Madrid.
12. It is semiofficially announced that no more volunteers will be requested for service in the Philippines.
13. A fierce engagement takes place to the south of Manila, the Filipinos making a desperate resistance to the American advance. It is reported that General Luna, second in command in the.Filipino army, has been assassinated.
14. The insular commission begins the drafting of the new code of laws for Porto Rico. General Lawton captures the town of Bacoor. The Spanish Senate adopts the bill ceding Spain's Pacific islands to Germany.
16. An insurgent attack on the town of San Fernando, north of Manila, is repulsed by Generals Funston and Hale; it is reported that Aguinaldo has been assassinated. The American minister, Bellamy Storer, is presented to the Queen Regent of Spain. President McKinley issues an order permitting a limited use of the American flag by Cuban vessels.
19. The Secretary of the Navy receives the report of Captain Chadwick of the Schley-Hodgson controversy. A severe engagement takes place at Imus, in the Philippines. It is decided that every man who participated in the battle of Manila Bay will receive a medal of honor. The Spanish Chamber of Deputies approves the bill ceding Spain's Pacific islands to Germany.
20. Admiral Watson arrives at Manila and raises his flag on the Baltimore. General Wheaton occupies the Filipino town of Perez das Marinas.
21. The Independencia, the Filipinos' organ, says that the Filipinos are "incited to continue fighting by antiexpansion speeches in America." Admiral Dewey arrives at Colombo, Ceylon, and is enthusiastically received.
23. It is announced that the War Department has decided to maintain the army canteen system, "regarding it as for the best interests of the soldiers." Aguinaldo takes command of General Luna's army.
24. General Leonard Wood gives his views on the cause of yellow fever and the general sanitary condition in Santiago. The Spanish Queen Regent signs the bill for the cession to Germany of the Caroline Islands.
25. Three American officers, by resisting arrest, precipitate a riot in Cienfuegos, Cuba. The Cortes fixes the strength of the Spanish army for the ensuing year at 108,000 men.
26. A report from General Otis on conditions in the Philippines is received at the War Department.
28. Yellow fever is spreading in Santiago.
30. It is announced that the President has given assurances to General Otis " that he can have all the troops he considers necessary for operations in the Philippines." The treaty ceding the Spanish Pacific islands to Germany is signed at Madrid.
1. The Filipinos make a night attack on the American lines at San Fernando.
2. Rioting continues in Spanish cities. It is reported from Habana that Major- General Brooke is to assume command of the Philippines and that Robert P. Porter is to become governor-general of Cuba.
5. The American delegates at the peace conference secure a unanimous vote in favor of having the question of private property at sea in time of war dealt with at a special conference iu be summoned hereafter.
6. The War Department makes public a formal order for the enlistment of ten regiments of volunteers for service in the Philippines. Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler and his son, Lieut. John Wheeler, jr., are assigned to Philippine commands.
7. The assassins of the Filipino General Luna are acquitted on the ground of self-defense.
8. The insular commission renders an opinion that "the islands acquired from Spain as a result of the war are not United States territory."
10. The President appoints officers to the new volunteer regiments.
11. The President issues an order extending the protection of the American flag vessels owned by residents of Porto Rico and Philippines.
12. Secretary of War Alger again denies rumors of his intended resignation and declares that he will remain in the Cabinet for the full length of his term. Agumaldo makes a speech in which he declares that "many of the people and many statesmen censure President McKinley for having ordered his representatives to seek means to bring about hostilities with the Filipinos."
15. The transport City of Para sails from San Francisco for the Philippines with 44 officers and 978 men.
19. Secretary of War Alger presents his resignation, to take effect at the pleasure of the President. A Manila dispatch says that the total rainfall there thus far in July has been 35 inches, and in the last thirty-one hours 12 inches of rain have fallen.
20. The President accepts the resignation of Secretary Alger, to take effect August 1. General Otis reports that the whole country around Manila is flooded and the troops on the outposts have suffered severely.
21. A company of the Sixth Infantry surprised a force of 450 natives on the island of Negros, and killed 115 and wounded many. The American loss was 1 killed and 1 wounded. General Otis cabled a denial of the charges of the newspaper correspondents. The floods around Manila will stop extensive military operations for some time.
22. A Manila dispatch via Hongkong says that many sick and wounded are in the hospitals and that General Otis has disapproved a request for more surgeons.
25. Gen. Joseph Wheeler sails on the transport Tartar from San Francisco for Manila. At the meeting of the Cabinet Secretary Alger took his farewell, and his successor, Mr. Root, was formally presented.
27. Brigadier-General Hall, with 1,000 men, captured Calamba, a town on the south shore of Laguna de Bay. Our force lost 4 killed and 12 wounded; the Filipinos left 3 dead and 12 were captureed. The transports Ohio, Newport, and Tacoma sail from San Francisco for Manila.
28. The cruiser New Orleans and the gunboat Mackias ordered to San Domingo to protect American interests there in case of trouble following the assassination of President Heureaux.
29. Rapid progress in filling up the new volunteer regiments is reported at the War Department. Capt. C. F. Goodrich has been assigned to command the battle ship Iowa, which is at San Francisco.
31. Admiral Sampson brings suit in the District of Columbia supreme court for prize money in behalf of the officers of his fleet. The Filipinos attack Calamba, a town captured last week by General Hall.
1. Elihu Root takes the oath of office as Secretary of War. The court-martial of General Toral for surrendering Santiago is held in Madrid.
2. Ex-Secretary of War Alger arrives at his home in Detroit and is enthusiastically welcomed.
4. The cruiser New Orleans is sent to San Domingo.
5. The steamer Saturnus, coasting under the American flag, is captured and burned by insurgent Filipinos.
7. It is announced that 46,000 men will be placed in the Philippines in the fall.
8. Secretary of War, after an interview with the President, announces that "operations in the Philippines will be actively pushed from now on." Aguinaldo appeals to the powers for "recognition" of Filipino independence.
9. General MacArthur advances against the Filipinos and drives them from Angeles.
11. General Sanger is made supervisor of the Cuban census, which is to be completed by January 1. American troops take possession of the Filipino town of Angeles.
12. American forces push to the outskirts of Angeles north of Manila.
13. General Young drives back Filipino insurgents from San Mateo.
16. Dispatches from Porto Rico announce the loss of life in the recent hurricane to have been at least 2,000, and many sections still to be heard from; Americans capture the Filipino town of Angeles (see 11th inst).
17. War Department orders that 10 new regiments of volunteers be enlisted for service in the Philippines.
18. The first 10 regiments of volunteers for service in the Philippines are completed.
19. Three of the new volunteer regiments have been ordered to the Philippines.
21. Secretary Root appoints Lieut. Col. Joseph P. Sanger director of census for Cuba; twenty-five hundred victims of the tornado have been buried at Ponce; there are 1,000 injured and 2,000 still missing.
23. In a fight between gendarmes and Cuban soldiers near Santiago 5 men were killed and 10 wounded.
24. An agreement is reached between American authorities in the Philippines and the Sulu Sultan by which "American sovereignty over the Moros is acknowledged."
26. A Manila dispatch says that 4 men of the Twenty-third Regulars have been ambushed at Cebu and 3 of them killed.
27. Several natives, mayors of Filipino towns, have been arrested for "treachery with the insurgents."
28. The Tenth Pennsylvania Regiment is enthusiastically received at Pittsburg, and President McKinley makes a speech in honor of the American troops in the Philippines; the correspondent of the Associated Press at Habana writes that "the Cubans are ripe for annexation"; Admiral Dewey is enthusiastically received at Nice, France.
29. It is announced that the taking of the Cuban census will be begun October 1; the battle ship Alabama makes her trial trip; the insular commission submits to Secretary Root a code of laws providing for the establishment of a civil government in Porto Rico.
31. Secretary of the Navy Long asks for $18,000,000 for the coming year.
1. It is announced that Admiral Sampson, at his own request, will be relieved of the command of the North Atlantic Squadron after the Dewey celebration.
2. The Sixth Infantry captures the Filipino town of Argogula; President Schurman, of the Philippine commission, holds a long conference with the President and Secretary of State.
3. General Otis reports the completion of the railroad from Manila to Angeles; General Brooke reports from Habana that the Cuban army has been paid at the rate agreed upon, and that of the $3,000,000 set apart for that purpose there is a balance of $400,000; the Secretary of War designates the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation as depository ot the Department of the Philippine Islands.
6. The Filipino insurgent government issues $3,000,000 in paper money, the acceptance of which, has been made obligatory.
7. It is announced from Washington that "there will be a vigorous renewal of the campaign in Luzon as soon as the rainy season ends; there is no intention of superseding General Otis"; General Otis cables to the War Department that the inhabitants of the island of Negros have accepted the sovereignty of the United States, and have expressed a desire for the establishment of a republican form of government.
8. General Shafter, in a letter to a friend in Chicago, makes his first public denial of the charge that he was not under fire at Santiago.
11. Rear-Admiral Farquhar is appointed commander of the North Atlantic Squadron in place of Rear-Admiral Sampson, who will be assigned to command the Boston Navy-Yard.
14. Admiral Watson cables from Manila that the gunboat Paragua has captured and destroyed a Filipino schooner and silenced a rebel force at Balemao.
15. Rear-Admiral Schley is assigned to command the South Atlantic Station.
22. Insurgents wreck a train near Angeles, Luzon, 2 Americans being killed and 5 wounded.
24. The Charleston, Monterey, and Concord shell the fort at Subig Bay, and troops are landed, who dismount a Krupp gun.
25. Dispatches received from General Otis announce that the insurgents on the island of Negros are about to surrender, and that the American flag is to be raised on Sulu Island. The official trial of the battle ship Kearsarge takes place near Boston.
26. Admiral Dewey arrives at New York early in the morning, with the Olympia, two days ahead of the time expected. General Otis cables that General Snyder attacked the insurgents 5 miles west of Cebu and destroyed seven forts ancLa number of smoothbore cannon. The War Department decides to create four military departments in the Philippines.
27. Capt. A. H. McCormick, commandant of the Washington Navy-Yard, is promoted to the grade of rear-admiral.
28. Generals MacArthur and Wheeler capture Porac, a town 8 miles from Bacolor, in Luzon. 30. The land parade in honor of Admiral Dewey is held, about 30,000 men being in line and marching from Grant's Tomb to the Triumphal Arch at Washington square. The pageant is declared the most magnificent in the history of this country. Fourteen Americans, taken prisoners by Aguinaldo, are released.
1. The German Government pays Spain 25,000,000 pesetas as the price of the Caroline Islands.
2. An American expedition starts from Manila to bombard Orani and raise the gun-boat Urdaneta. The conference of Filipino envoys with General Otis is fruitless. Admiral Dewey arrives in Washington, and is driven to the White House, where he is received by the President, members of the Cabinet, and other officials.
3. The sword voted by Congress is presented to Admiral Dewey at the Capitol in Washington, with addresses by President McKinley and Secretary Long, after which the military and naval escort is reviewed.
4. The Filipinos again assume the aggressive, and several engagements are fought north of Manila. As the result of a conference with Admiral Dewey, President McKinley orders a number of war ships, including the cruiser Brooklyn, to proceed immediately to the Philippines. Admiral Dewey is formally detached from the Olympia, at his own request.
5. The Navy Department orders the cruisers New Orleans, Nashville, and Badger to proceed to Manila.
7. The Brooklyn and New Orleans receive orders to go to Manila.
8. An American force under General Schwan, assisted by a naval force, drive the Filipinos from the towns of Cavite, Vi^jo, and Noveleta, south of Manila.
9. It is announced that the press censorship at Manila has been removed. General Schwan's column advances south of Manila and encamps within sight of San Francisco de Malabon, a Filipino stronghold.
10. A sword is presented to Captain Chadwick, of the cruiser New York, at Morgan-town, W. Va.
15. General Otis cables that Schwan's movement south of Manila was very successful, inflicting heavy loss on the Filipinos.
16. General Magbabba, with 12,000 Filipinos, prepares to attack Iloilo.
18. General Otis receives messages purporting to come from Gen. Pio del Pilar, offering to sell out his army and deliver Aguinaldo into the hands of the Americans.
25. A house on Rhode Island avenue, Washington, is presented to Admiral Dewey by the home-fund committee.
27. Brig. Gen. Guy V. Henry dies from pneumonia at his home in New York.
28. It is reported that the Philippine commission will probably return to Manila after drawing up a preliminary report. The Forty-seventh Volunteer Regiment is ordered to proceed to the Philippines.
30. In the Philippines, Colonel Bell's regiment encounters a force of the insurgents and kills 4 officers and 8 men.
31. The report of Gen. George W. Davis, military governor of Porto Rico, is made public.
1. General Young makes a rapid move northward in Luzon, and many insurgents flee to the hills.
2. The Philippine commission submits a preliminary report to the President, reviewing the situation in the islands at great length; the members unite in saying that the Filipinos are unfit for self-government.
3. Active operations against the insurgents in Luzon continue; Lieutenant Boutelle is killed in an engagement. At a Cabinet meeting the question of a civil government for Cuba, which is soon to be established, is discussed.
4. General Ludlow, military governor of Habana, returns to the United States in connection with the proposed change in the government of Cuba.
5. An important expedition leaves Manila on a transport under command of General Wheaton.
6. Further military operations in Luzon result in the defeat of the insurgents. The first autonomous government of the Filipinos is installed on the island of Negros.
10. Active operations in Luzon result in the driving back of the Filipinos into a smaller territory.
11. General Brooke issues a proclamation for the observance of Thanksgiving Day in Cuba.
12. Colonel Bell's regiment and a force of American cavalry enter Tarlac, in Luzon, without opposition. Assistant Secretary Allen, in his annual report to Secretary Long, recommends the establishment of a national naval reserve.
13. The United States cruiser Charleston is wrecked off Luzon; all on board are saved.
14. A sharp encounter at San Pabian, in Luzon, results in the defeat of the Filipinos and the death of Maj. John A. Logan. The annual report of General Miles pays tribute to the efficiency of the Army under special circumstances.
16. General Ludlow, governor of Habana, speaks in New York City on conditions in Cuba.
17. The Navy Department makes public the account of a gallant exploit performed by Ensign W. R. Gherardi in Porto Rico.
18. The columns of Generals Lawton and MacArthur continue to advance in northern Luzon and occupy several towns.
20. The American column, under General MacArthur, occupies Dagupan, in Luzon, Aguinaldo and his army having fled.
23. The Postmaster-General extends domestic rates of postage to Porto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam.
24. General Otis reports that the last claim to existence of the insurgent government in Luzon has vanished; the president of the Filipino congress surrenders to General MacArthur.
25. Rear-Admiral Schley, commander in chief of the South Atlantic Squadron, sails from New York City on his flagship, the Chicago, for Buenos Ayres.
26. Admiral Watson cables from Manila of the unconditional surrender of the whole province of Zamboanga to Commander Very, of the Castine.
6. The President nominates Brig. Gen. Leonard Wood to be major-general of volunteers.
7. The pursuit of Aguinaldo continues. General Young reaches Vigan on the coast.
8. In the mutiny of native police in Negros, Lieut. A. V. Ledyard is killed. General Young kills 25 Filipinos in an engagement. A demonstration in honor of Maceo at Santiago de Cuba takes the form of an outburst of anti-Americanism.
10. An-expedition, headed by the battle ship Oregon, leaves Manila for Subig. General del Pilar is killed in an engagement.
12. The disintegrated Filipino army scatters throughout Luzon. General Lawton occupies San Miguel.
13. Notable successes attend the American campaign in Luzon. The province of Cagayan is surrendered to Captain McCalla. The President appoints Gen. Leonard Wood military governor of Cuba.
16. Maj. Peyton C. Marsh abandons the pursuit of Aguinaldo and reaches Bagnen, in Luzon.
17. The battle ship Texas arrives at Habana to receive the disinterred bodies of the victims of the Maine disaster. Lieut. T. H. Brumby, flag lieutenant of Admiral Dewey, dies of typhoid fever at Washington. 19. Maj. Gen. Henry W. Lawton is killed by a Filipino sharpshooter while attacking San Mateo, in Luzon.
21. Major-General Wood arrives in Habana and, amid much enthusiasm, assumes his duties as governor of the island.
22. A farewell banquet is given to General Brooke in Habana. General Wood enters upon his office as governor of Cuba.
26. Small engagements take place in the Philippines, resulting in native loss and capture of military supplies.
27. Colonel Lockett routs a Filipino force near San Mateo, Luzon.
28. The bodies of the Maine dead are buried in Arlington National Cemetery in presence of the President and members of the Cabinet.
29. A detachment of American troops captures a Filipino stronghold beyond Matalban and takes 24 prisoners.
1. A general advance of the American troops in southern Luzon results in the capture of Cabuyac after a sharp engagement.
5. Lieutenant Gilmore and other American prisoners are recaptured from the Filipinos, and are at Vigan. The American flag is hoisted over Sibuta Island, near Borneo.
7. The Filipino stronghold Commanche, on Mount Aragat, is captured by Captain Leonhauser. Lieutenant Gilmore and party arrive at Manila.
9. Active operations continue south of Manila. The Filipinos are defeated at Silang and Imus.
21. General Wood, accompanied by Generals Chaffee and Ludlow, sets out on a two weeks' trip through Cuba.
22. American troops in Luzon capture the town of Taal, in the province of Batangas, defeating 800 Filipinos.
30. The bodies of General Lawton and Major Logan arrive at San Francisco.
3. Brigadier-General Kobbe occupies the islands of Samar and Leyte, of the Philippine group. Several new hemp ports are opened in the islands.
5. General Wood and his party arrive at Habana, having completed a tour of the island. In Congress a bill is introduced by Senator Foraker providing a form of government for Porto Rico.
6. Skirmishes in the Philippines are reported, the natives making several attacks on United States troops. The President appoints Judge William H. Taft, of Cincinnati, head of a new Philippine commission which is to establish civil government in the islands. 9. Funeral services over the body of General Lawton are held in the Church of the Covenant, Washington, and the burial takes place at Arlington Cemetery.
10. Professor Worcester and Colonel Denby are selected as members of the new Philippine commission in addition to Judge Taft.
12. The Princeton takes possession of the Batan and Calayan islands, of the Philippine group.
15. A severe engagement with Filipinos, resulting in their repulse, takes place in Daroga, Luzon.
16. A strong expedition against the Filipinos, under Generals Bates and Bell, leaves Manila.
22. The last two places on the new Philippine commission are filled by the appointment of Gen. Luke E. Wright, of Memphis, Tenn., and Henry Clay Ide, of Vermont.
2. Secretary Root starts for Cuba, where he will confer with General Wood and personally inspect the Cuban situation.
6. Rear-Admiral Jonn C. Watson is relieved from command of the American fleet at Manila; Rear-Admiral George C. Remey succeeds him.
7. Secretary Root arrives in Habana on the United States transport Sedgwick.
13. Brig. Gen. William A. Kobbe has been appointed military governor of the province of Albay, Luzon, and temporarily of the islands of Samar and Leyte.
17. Captain Leary, governor of Guam, issues a proclamation abolishing slavery on the island.
27. Secretary Root issues an order making the Philippine Archipelago the military division of the Pacific; the new Philippine commission holds its first meeting.
29. Secretary Hay and the Spanish minister sign a protocol extending for six months the time allowed for Spanish residents of the Philippines to declare their allegiance.
30. The new Philippine commission holds its last meeting and receives its final instructions before starting for Manila.
3. In the Senate the Porto Rican tariff and civil government bill is passed by a vote of 40 to 31, 6 Republicans voting against it.
11. In the House of Representatives the Senate amendments to the Porto Rican bill are concurred in by a vote of 161 to 153 after an exciting debate.
12. The Porto Rican tariff and civil government bill becomes a law by the signature of President McKinley. Charles H. Allen, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, is appointed governor of Porto Rico.
13. The Holland, submarine torpedo boat, is purchased by the United States Government. Secretary Gage decides that the tariff feature of the new Porto Rican law shall go into effect on May 1.
17. Montenegro, an insurgent general in Luzon, surrenders with his forces. An attack on United States barracks in Mindanao is repulsed.
22. The Filipino insurrection during the past week results in about a thousand rebels being killed, wounded, or captured.
30. Brig. Gen. George W. Davis, U. S. Volunteers, commanding the Department of Porto Rico, establishes six civil executive departments to facilitate the transfer of the civil duties of the military government of the island.
1. Hon. Charles H. Allen inaugurated as governor of Porto Rico. General Davis formally announced the transfer of the government of Porto Rico from the military to the civil government. M. Dupuy de Lome, former Spanish minister at Washington, is appointed ambassador to Italy.
3. An American force is surrounded by insurgents on the island of Panay, Philippines, and suffers severe loss.
5. General Otis is relieved of his command in the Philippines and General MacArthur is designated to succeed him. General Otis sailed for San Francisco the following day.
8. The Samoan Island of Tutuila has been ceded to the United States, and Manna will also be annexed.
13. Natives in Manila plan an uprising, but lack courage to carry it out.
22. Two complete companies of Filipinos surrender at Tarlos to the American forces.
29. The President nominates Brig. Gen. Elwrell S. Otis to be major-general in the Regular Army, in place of General Merritt, who retires on June 16.
31. In Luzon, Corino, governor of Benguet Province, an active partisan of Aguinaldo, is captured by American troops.
3. The Philippine Commission arrives at Manila.
5. In the island of Tabias, one of the Philippine group, a number of rebels are put to flight and a large quantity of ammunition captured.
8. General Funston discovered in a forest around Luzon almost all the archives of the Aguinaldo government and a quantity of war material.
12. General Grant reported the capture of a rebel stronghold in Luzon.
20. General MacArthur will formally announce President McKinley's decree of amnesty to-day; dispatches from Shanghai state that Admiral Seymour's international column of marines reached Pekin on June 17; the Chinese attacked the column on the march.
21. Persistent fighting is reported at Tientsin, where the American consulate had been destroyed; American marines are dispatched from Taku by Admiral Kempff to Tientsin.
22. President McKinley takes steps to safeguard American interests.
23. Confirmation of heavy fighting around Tientsin is received, the Chinese forces being led by Prince Tuan.
24. Admiral Kempff cables loss of 4 marines at Tientsin; Secretary Long instructs Admiral Remey to sail to Taku from Manila with the Brooklyn; dispatches from Manila announce that American troops were ambushed in Mindanao, 9 being killed, 12 wounded.
AUTHORITY FOR INCREASE AND REORGANIZATION OF THE REGULAR AND VOLUNTEER MILITARY FORCES.
[From report of the Adjutant-General.]
On the passage of the joint resolution, approved April 20, 1898, demanding that Spain relinquish its authority and government in the island of Cuba and to withdraw its land and naval forces from Cuba and Cuban waters, the Army of the United States consisted of 2,143 officers and 26,040 enlisted men.
Under the above resolution and the act of April 22, 1898, the President issued a proclamation April 23, 1898, calling for 125,000 volunteers. This was followed on May 25, 1898, by a proclamation calling for 75,000 volunteers.
The approval of the act of April 26,1898, increased the Regular Army to 63,106 men, to be reduced at the end of the war to a peace basis, namely, 26,610 enlisted men. Meeting this instruction of the Congress, the men enlisted under the above act (practically for the war with Spain) were informed, in General Orders, No. 40, May 10, 1898, that they would be granted their discharge, if desired, at the close of the war, upon individual application.
By the act approved May 11, 1898, Congress authorized, in addition to the volunteers provided by the act of April 22, the organization of a volunteer brigade of engineers of not more than 3,500 men. The same act authorized the organization of an additional volunteer force not exceeding 10,000 men, possessing immunity from disease incident to tropical climates.
The protocol was signed August 12,1898, and on September 5,1898, the first organization of volunteers was mustered out of the service. This was followed immediately by orders for the muster out of nearly one-half of the Volunteer Army.
On the signing of the treaty of peace, April 11,1899, it at once became necessary to muster out all the volunteer organizations, but, as stated heretofore, the volunteers in the Philippines cheerfully remained and rendered service until the Government was able to send regular and volunteer regiments to relieve them.
The act of March 2, 1899, authorized the President to "enlist" from the nation at large 35,000 volunteers, or so much thereof as might be necessary. Under the same act Congress authorized the recruitment of the Regular Army to 65,000 men.
Under the act of March 2, 1899, authority was given the commanding general, Department of Porto Rico, to recruit a battalion of volunteers (400) from among the Porto Ricans, and such recruiting began on March 24,1899.
On July 5, 1899, the President, through the Secretary of War, ordered the organization of ten regiments of volunteer infantry; on July 18, 1899, of two regiments of volunteer infantry and a regiment of volunteer cavalry (the three regiments last named to be organized and recruited in the Philippine Islands); on August 17,1899, of ten additional regiments of volunteer infantry; and on September 9, 1899, of two additional regiments of volunteer infantry (the enlisted men and company officers of the last two regiments to be colored).
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