Aroostook County is a county
located in the U.S. state of Maine. In 2000, its population was
73,938. It is the largest county in the state. Its seat is
Houlton. In land area, Aroostook County is the largest U.S.
county east of the Mississippi River. Among residents of Maine, it
is often referred to simply as "the County."
northernmost county, its northernmost town, Estcourt Station, is
therefore also the northernmost town of New England and of the
continental U.S. east of the Great Lakes.
Aroostook County is
known for its potato crops, as well as its French culture. In the
northernmost region of the county, which borders Madawaska County,
New Brunswick, a majority of residents are bilingual. In some
communities, it is difficult to find employment for those who do not
speak both English and French. Employers such as pharmacies,
hospitals, banks, and post offices encounter this most frequently.
The county is a hub for wind power, with so much being produced that
the county will soon have excess to sell once it connects to the New
According to the U.S.
Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,829 square
miles (17,686 kmē), of which, 6,672 square miles
(17,279 kmē) of it is land and 157 square miles
(407 kmē) of it (2.30%) is water. Aroostook County is about the
size of Connecticut and Rhode Island combined.
- Central Aroostook
- Northwest Aroostook
- South Aroostook
- Square Lake
- Aroostook Band of Mi'kmaq Indians Reservation, located in
Presque Isle, Maine
- Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians Reservation, located in
National protected area
- Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge
Some of the territory in this county was part of the land dispute
that led to the "Aroostook War."