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Anne Arundel County Maryland
Biographies






Addison, Walter Dulany, clergyman, founder, was born June 1, 1769, in Annapolis. Md. In 1793-1800 he held services in various denominations and in the Presbyterian church in Washington, D.C. His work there resulted in the foundation of St. John's church, which was erected in 1804. 1801-09 he was rector of Broad Creek parish; in 1809-26 was rector of St. John's parish; and in 1826-48 was rector of Rock Creek parish. He died Jan. 31, 1848, in Baltimore, Md. (Herringshaw’s National Library of American Biography: Contains Thirty-five Thousand Biographies of the Acknowledged Leaders of Life and Thought of the United States, by William Herringshaw, 1909; Transcribed by Therman Kellar)


RICHARD BENNETT.

Richard Bennett was the Moses from the Nansemond to the Severn. He may be termed a settler of two States.

His uncle, Edward Bennett was a wealthy London merchant, once Deputy-Governor of the English Merchants of Holland.

He was largely interested in the Virginia trade, and organized the Virginia Company, already noted. As his representative in Virginia, Richard Bennett, immediately rose to importance. In 1629 and 1631, he was in the House of Burgesses. In 1642-1649 he was a Commissioner and member of the Council.

In the latter year he secured, from the Governor of Maryland, a grant of "Towne Neck," on the Severn, for fifteen of his followers, who wished to be close together. Our land records show that he soon after disposed of this grant to his wife's kinsman, Colonel Nathaniel Utie, secretary to the governor. As Governor of Virginia, still later, his administration appears to have been acceptable, even to the loyalists.

He remained a member of the Virginia Council until his death. (HENING.)

In 1666, he was made Major-General of Militia. He was a friend to the Quakers, and made provision for many needy families. His will was probated in 1675. The bulk of his estate descended to his grandson, Richard Bennett, 3rd, son of Richard Bennett, 2nd, by Henrietta Marie Neale, daughter of Captain James Neale, attorney for Lord Baltimore, at Amsterdam, and former representative in Spain. Captain Neale came to America in 1666, and represented Charles County in the House of Burgesses. His wife, Anna Gill, was the daughter of Benjamin Gill. Their daughter Henrietta Marie, was named for her godmother, the queen. By her marriage to Richard Bennett, Jr., they had two children, Richard Bennett and Susanna (Bennett) Lowe, ancestress of Governor Lowe and Charles Carroll, of Carrollton.

Richard Bennett, Jr., lived for a time upon the Severn. He was in the Assembly of 1666, and was a Commissioner of Kent County, in which he had an immense estate. In his early manhood he was drowned. His only son, Richard, succeeded to an estate which made him "the richest man of his majesty's dominion." He died a bachelor, leaving his property to his sister, Susannah Lowe, and to his step-father, Colonel Philemon Lloyd. His tombstone still stands at "Bennetts Point."

Ann Bennett, of Major-General Bennett, became Mrs. Theodorick Bland, of "Westover," Virginia. She died at Wharton's Creek, Maryland, as the wife of Colonel St. Legar Codd, of Virginia and of Maryland.

General Bennett and Commander Edward Lloyd were the staunch leaders in opposition to a Catholic proprietary, yet their sons both yielded to the eloquence of the good Catholic lady, Henrietta Marie Neale; whilst a descendant of Commander Robert Brooke, another rebellious subject, took for his wife, Dorothy Neale, sister of Henrietta Marie Neale. She was the progenitress of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney. These two Catholic mothers not only united discordant religions, but the former gave to Maryland the following distinguished sons: Governor Edward Lloyd, of 1709, and Hon. Edward. Lloyd, his son; Revolutionary Edward Lloyd, and his son, Governor Edward Lloyd, of 1809, United States Senator and grandfather of Governor Henry Lloyd.

She was the grandmother of Dorothy Blake, mother of Charles Carroll, the "Barrister"; grandmother of Hon. Matthew Tilghman and of Richard Tilghman, of "The Hermitage."

She was the grandmother of Governor William Paca's wife; of Edward Dorsey's wife, and of Thomas Beale Bordley's wife. As Maid of Honor to Queen Henrietta Marie, she received a ring, which is now in possession of Mrs. Clara Tilghman Goldsborough Earle, granddaughter of Colonel Tench Tilghman, great-grandson of Anna Gill.

The descendants of this prolific mother are "Legion." They have added many brilliant pages to the history of Maryland. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


THOMAS BLADEN,

Proprietary Governor of Maryland, 1742-7, was the only colonial Governor of Maryland born in America. He was born at Annapolis, in 1698, and was the son of William Bladen, who came to Maryland in 1690. He concluded a peace with Six Nations while he was Governor, and began the building of McDowell Hall, St. John's College, in 1744, as a Governor's residence. He left Annapolis for England in 1747, and was the executor of Lord Baltimore's will. He represented several constituencies in the English Parliament, and attained considerable reputation for his learning and polished manners. In 1731, he married Barbara, daughter of Sir Thomas Jannses, Baronet of Wimbledon, Surrey, and sister-in-law of Charles Calvert, fifth Lord Baltimore. Gov. Bladen died in England in 1780. (A History of Anne Arundel County, in Maryland, 1905; By Elihu Samuel Riley; Chapter Forty-Fourth: A Galaxy of Illustrious Citizens of Anne Arundel; Transcribed by SallyH)


COLONEL WILLIAM BURGESS.

Two of the South River settlers from Virginia, were brothers­ in-law and neighbors.

They were Colonel William Burgess and Richard Beard. Their wives were thus recorded in the Virginia Magazine of History: "Edward Robins, born in England 1602, came to Virginia in the bark Thomas, in 1615. He was of Northampton, now Accomac County, and built "Newport House," now Eyreville. His daughter Elizabeth married William Burgess, of Maryland. His daughter Rachel married Richard Beard." (Standard, Vol. 3.)

After William Stone, of Northampton, became the first Protestant governor, Beard and Burgess removed to Maryland. The next record from the same source mistakes the son for the father, when it states: "Beard made the first map of Annapolis." It was Richard Beard, Jr., surveyor of Anne Arundel, who made the map. His father died in 1675, before Annapolis had been named. William Burgess began, at once, his commanding career. In 1655, he was one of the Council of War to condemn Governor Stone,--the very man he had followed to Maryland.

In 1657, he was named, first by Governor Josias Fendall, a commissioner and associate justice of the new County of Anne Arundel. Declining to take the necessary oath, on the ground it was not lawful to swear, his plea was rejected and another name was substituted. In 1660, when Governor Fendall had been banished, and Philip Calvert had succeeded him, William Burgess sent in a petition reviewing his former refusal to take the oath, and ascribing it to the influence of ill-advised friends. He announced his determination, henceforth, to devote his remaining days to the service of the proprietary. His petition was favorably received and he was set free without fine or trial.

In 1661, he was placed in command of the South River Rangers, and was ordered to send all Indian prisoners to St. Mary's for trial. In 1663, he was placed at the head of the Anne Arundel Commissioners.

In 1664, he was high sheriff of Anne Arundel. Upon receiving orders to go against the Indians, he named his successor, Major Richard Ewen, from whose family he had taken his second wife.

In 1665, Charles Calvert, son of Lord Baltimore, having succeeded his uncle Philip, honored William Burgess in the following commission:

Captain William Burgess,

Greeting,--Whereas, Diverse Forraing Indians have of late committed divers murthers upon our people, I have thought fitt to raise a sufficient number of men. Now know ye that I reposing especial confidence in your fidelity, courage and experience in martial affaires, have constituted, ordained and appointed you Commander-in-Chief of all forces raised in St. Maries, Kent, Charles, Calvert and Anne Arundel Counties.

Given under my hand, 34th year of his Lordship's Dom., 1665.
Charles Calvert.

Then follow instructions for the campaign.

Major Thomas Brooke was ordered "to raise forty men and march to Captain William Burgess, in Anne Arundel, there to receive orders from him as Commander-in-Chief. Ordered that Captain William Burgess raise by presse, or otherwise, thirty men with arms and ammunition to proceed according to former orders."
Charles Calvert.

Some Seneca Indians had killed several English settlers in Anne Arundel. The following reward was offered: "One hundred arms length of Roan Oake, for bringing in a cenego prisoner, or both of his ears, if he be slain. "In 1675, Colonel William Burgess and Colonel Samuel Chew were ordered to go against the Indians on the Severn.

In 1679, it was ordered, "That Colonel Burgess supply Baltimore County with twenty men from Anne Arundel, for the defense of that county."

In 1681, Robert Proctor, from his town on the Severn, Thomas Francis, from South River and Colonel Samuel Lane, from the same section, all wrote urgent letters stating that the Indians had killed and wounded both negroes and English men "at a plantation of Major Welsh's," and "had attempted to enter the houses of Mr. Mareen Duvall and Richard Snowden."

Major Francis wrote, and Colonel Nicholas Gassaway added: "I have but nineteen men of all the Coll Troope, and cann gett noe more-men are sick, and of them half have noe ammunition, nor know where to gett it. There is such a parcell of Coll. Burges foote Company in the like condition for ammunition. The head of the River will be deserted, if we leave them, and they have no other reliefe. Wee marched in the night to the releife, Major Lane sent to our releife about thirty foote more, but we have noe orders but to Range and Defend the Plantations, which we shall doe to the best of our skill, and I suppose, if Baltimore County wants assistance that at this time it cannot be well supplyed from Anne Arundel; we have stood to our Arms all night and need enough. Just now more news of three families robbed at Seavern.

Your humble servts.,
Tho. Francis, Nich. Gassaway."

Major Samuel Lane wrote: "The county of Anne Arrundll at this time is in Greate danger. Our men marched all Monday night, the greatest part of South River had been most cutt off. Wee want Ammunition exceedingly, and have not where-with-all to furnish half our men. I hope your Ldpp. will dispatch away Coll. Burges with what Ammunition may be thought convenient. I shall take all the care that·lyeth in me, but there comes daily and hourely Complaints to me that I am wholly Imployed in the Country's Service.

In haste with my humble service,
Sept. 13th, 1681. Samuel Lane."

Robert Proctor wrote that Mr. Edward Dorsey had come to him very late in the night, with the news of robberies by the Indians upon the Severn.

Upon such information, followed the decisive order to Colonel William Burgess and Colonel Thomas Tailler, "to fight, kill, take, vanquish, overcome, follow and destroy them."

Colonel Taylor commanded the horse, Colonel Burgess the foot, and both were Protestants.

From that date on to 1682, Colonel Burgess was a delegate to the Lower House; from 1682 to his death in 1686, he was in the Upper House. He was upon many committees.

His epitaph is a most remarkable condensation of his eventful life. It reads:

"Here lyeth the body of Wm. Burgess,
Esq., who departed this life on ye
24th of January, 1686, Aged 64 years: leaving his
Dear beloved wife, Ursula and eleven
children, viz.: seven sons and four daughters,
And eight grand-children.
In his life-time, a member of
His Lordship's Deputy Governors;
A Justice of ye High Provincial Court;
Colon of a regiment of Trained Bands:
And sometimes General of all ye
Military Forces of this Province.
His loving wife, Ursula, his executrix
In testimony of her true respect,
And due regard to the worthy
Deserts of her dear deceased
Husband, hath erected this monument."

The historian, Geo. L. Davis, says of Colonel Burgess:

"He was himself, through his son Charles, the ancestor of the Burgesses of Westphalia; through his daughter, Susannah, of the Sewalls of Mattapany-Sewalls, closely allied to Lord Charles Baltimore; through his granddaughter, Ursula, of the Davises of Mt. Hope, who did not arrive from Wales before 1720; and through a still later line, of the Bowies of Prince George."

Colonel Burgess left an exceedingly intelligent will of entail; naming his sons and daughters, Edward, George, William, John, Joseph, Benjamin, Charles, Elizabeth, Susannah, Anne. I give to my sonne William my message land where I now dwell, near South River, together with eighteen hundred acres adjoining, which I purchased of George Westall, and one part whereof is a Town appointed called London, provided my wife, Ursula, shall live there until my son is of age. I give unto William, all of "Betty's Choice," in Balto. Co., near Col. Geo. Wells, containing 480 acres. I give to my sonne, John Burgess, four tracts, "Morley's Lott," "Bednall's Green," "Benjamin's Choice," and "Benjamin's Addition," lying near Herring Creek, some 800 acres. I give to my sonne, Joseph, lands purchased of Richard Beard, near South River, called "West Puddington," and "Beard's Habitation," 1300 acres. I give to my sonne Benjamin, a tract, "Bessington," near the Ridge, also "Burgess Choice," near South River. I give to my sonne, Charles, a tract, purchased of Vincent Lowe, at the head of Sasafras River, of 1600 acres, and another of Vincent Lowe, on the Susquehannah, of 500 acres; provided, if any should die before attaining age, then every such tract shall descend to the eldest then living. I give all the rest of my estate, here or in England, to my dear wife, Ursula, at pleasure, and she shall have the care of the education of my children and the use of their portions. I desire that she shall be my executrix, with my friends Major Nicholas Sewall, Major Nicholas Gassaway and Captain Henry Hanslap, as supervisors, and to each of them I grant £5. WILLIAM BURGESS. (SEAL.)

His sons, Edward and George, had been provided for before his will. His daughters received £300 in money, plate and other personals.

His seal-ring of gold was willed to his daughter, Susannah, wife of Major Nicholas Sewall. She was the daughter of Colonel Burgess, by Mrs. Richard Ewen. Colonel Burgess bore arms, as the existing impression of his seal reveals, of a family of Truro, in Cornwall, but was akin to the Burgesses of Marlborough, Wilts County. (Or a fesse chequy, or, and gules, in chief, three crosses, crosslet fitchie of the last.)

Except Charles Burgess, of Westphalla, who married a daughter of Captain Henry Hanslap, the succeeding Burgess name was alone handed down by Captain Edward Burgess, the son who came up from Virginia with him. John and Joseph died early; Benjamin, under the will, claimed their estates, but finally compromised with Captain Edward. Benjamin sold his whole estate and went to England. George, after holding the office of High Sheriff, joined his wife Catherine, the widow Stockett, in deeding all their estate, and removed to Devon County, England.

Ann-Thomas Sparrow, and died the same year. Jane Sewall of Major Nicholas and Susannah Burgess-Clement Brooke, son of Major Thomas. Their daughter, Elizabeth Brooke, became the mother of Charles Carroll, of Carrollton. William Burgess, Jr., inherited the homestead; he married Ann (Watkins) Lord, daughter of John Watkins, the stepson of Commander Edward Lloyd. Burgess' will left 1,000 acres in Baltimore County to his wife's children by her former husband, Mr. Lord.

His mother became the wife of Dr. Mordecai Moore, and remained upon the homestead, near Londontown, until her death, in 1700. She was the heir of Nicholas Painter, long clerk of the Council, whose will left a large estate to her children. She was buried by the side of Colonel Burgess.

Captain Edward Burgess, was in the life-time of his father, commissioner for opening the port of Londontown; justice of the Provincial Court and "Captain of the Foote." He was the executor and heir of Captain George Puddington.

The Chew genealogy records: "Sarah, daughter of Samuel Chew, of John of Chewtown; married a Burges." She was the wife of Captain Edward Burgess, whose oldest son, Samuel, was named for Samuel Chew. Captain Burgess' will left his estate to his sons Samuel and John, having already deeded lands to his daughter, Mrs. Margaret Ware and Mrs. Elizabeth Nicholson. Mrs. Sarah Burgess, his widow, left hers to "my daughters Ann White, Sarah Gaither and Susannah Richardson." Benjamin Gaither, her son-in­ law, was made executor. Samuel Burgess (of Captain Edward), married Mrs. Elizabeth Durbin. Issue, Edward, Benjamin and Elizabeth.

John Burgess (of Captain Edward) married, first Jane Macklefresh (of David). Issue, William, Benjamin, Samuel, Sarah, Ann and Susannah.

He married second, in 1733, Matilda Sparrow. Issue, John, Joseph, Edward, West and Caleb Burgess, all revolutionary patriots, whose history belongs to Howard County.

Upon the homestead tract of the late General George Stewart, of South River, is the original site of Colonel William Burgess' home; from which, upon a commanding hill, may be seen his tombstone, quoted above. Surrounding General Stewart's home are massive oaks, which bear the imprint of ages. Upon this site, too, stood the home of Anthony Stewart, of the "Peggy Stewart," who came into possession of Colonel Burgess' home tract, which later passed into General Stewart's possession. The two families, with similar names claim no relation to each other. The road leading past the historic place and on to All Hallows Church, about three-fourths of a mile west, is the same over which General Washington passed from Annapolis to Mt. Vernon, in 1783. Along this road are yet to be seen wayside oaks, that reveal the remarkable richness of this South River section, when occupied by our early settlers.

Along this road, beautiful views of the broad South River may be enjoyed.

Between Colonel Burgess' homestead and his Londontown tract; there still stands a well-preserved old brick homestead, with massive chimneys and steep roof. It is within sight of the Alms House upon the southern bank of South River. I have not found its builder.

All of the property passed through Colonel Burgess and his son, William Burgess, Jr., to Mrs. Ursula Moore, wife of Dr. Mordecai Moore. From that family, through recorded transfers, it may be traced to the present owners. The most of it is now in the estate of General George Stewart, whose linage has been clearly traced to Kenneth, 2nd, the first Scottish king.

Colonel Burgess' son-in-law, Major Nicholas Sewall, son of Hon. Henry Sewall, of "Mattepany," was a member of the Council from 1684 to 1689. His sons were Charles and Henry. Elizabeth Sewall, widow of the latter, married Hon. William Lee, of the Council, and became mother of Thomas Lee, father of Governor Thomas Sim Lee.

Nicholas, son of Henry and Elizabeth Sewall, married Miss Darnall, of "Poplar Hill," Prince George County.

Their descendants were: Hon. Nicholas Lewis Sewall, of "Cedar Point," member of the convention for ratification of the Constitution of United States; and Robert Darnall Sewall, of "Poplar Hill.''

This was a part of the famous "Woodyard," the house of Colonel Henry Darnall of 1665, whose brother, John Darnall, held "Portland Manor," in Anne Arundel. Colonel Henry Darnall's daughter, Eleanor, became the wife of Clement Hill. Eleanor Brooke Darnall, of the "Woodyard," was the mother of Archbishop John Carroll and Mary Darnall, of "The Woodyard," became the wife of Charles Carroll, of Carrollton. Robert Darnall, grandson of Colonel Henry, lost all the magnificent estate except "Poplar Hill," about eight hundred arces, which came into possession of the Sewalls, through the marriage above mentioned.-(Thomas.)

Lady Baltimore, wife of Charles Lord Baltimore, and widow of Hon. Henry Sewall, was the daughter of Vincent Lowe and Anne Cavendish, of London, and a sister of Colonel Vincent Lowe, of Maryland.

Her daughter, Jane Sewall, became the wife of Hon. Philip Calvert, and her daughter Elizabeth, married second Colonel Wm. Digges, member of the Maryland Council, son of Governor Edward Digges, of Virginia. Colonel Digges was in command at St. Mary's; when compelled to surrender to Captain John Coode's revolutionary forces in 1689. He later removed to "Warburton Manor," nearly opposite to Mt. Vernon.

It was in the garrison of Mattapany, a large brick mansion, the property of Lady Baltimore, descending to her son, Colonel Nicholas Sewall, where Governor Calvert had erected a fort, that his forces retired when attacked by Coode; and it was there that the formal articles of surrender were prepared.

The house and property of the proprietary were confiscated, but came back to the possession of the Sewalls in 1722, by a grant from the second Charles Lord Baltimore, to Nicholas Sewall, son of the original proprietor, and so remained until the present century.

There are on record, at Annapolis, the wills of two residents of Wilts County, England, viz: Anthony Goddard, of Suringden, of Wilts, England, in 1663, left "to William Burgess, of Anne Arundel, his entire estate, in trust for Hester Burgess, of Bristol, England. Joseph Burgess, of Wilts, in 1672, named his brother, William and others. Our records show that Colonel Burgess, of Anne Arundel County, settled the estate. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


CHARLES CARROLL, OF CARROLLTON,

Was born at Annapolis, Maryland, September 20, 1737. In 1745, he was taken to the College of English Jesuits at St. Omer, France, where he remained six years, and then was sent to the Jesuit College at Rheims. After one year's study of civil law at Bourges, he went to Paris, studied two more years, and began the law in the Temple. At 27 years of age, he returned to America, and, at the breaking out of the Revolutionary War, was considered the richest man in America, being worth $2,000,000. Although, by the illiberal laws of that period, he was robbed of the privilege of the elective franchise, because he was a Catholic, he ardently espoused the American cause, and began his opposition to the arbitrary measures of the Proprietary Government, by publishing in the Maryland Gazette, a series of articles under the signature of "The First Citizen," against the right of the Governor of Maryland, to regulate fees by proclamation. In 1775, he was made a member of the first committee of observation established at Annapolis, and during the same year he was elected a delegate to the Provincial Convention. In February, 1776, he was sent to Canada, by Congress, to induce the people of that province to unite with the States. He returned to Philadelphia, in June, and found the Declaration of Independence under discussion. The delegates from Maryland were hampered by instructions "to disavow in the most solemn manner all design in the colonies of independence." He repaired to Annapolis immediately, and, with the assistance of Judge Samuel Chase, on the 28th of June, succeeded in having these instructions withdrawn and the delegates left free to join in the Declaration of Independence. On August 2d, the Declaration was formally signed. As Mr. Carroll wrote his name, a member observed, "Here go a few millions," and added, "however, there are several Charles Carrolls, the British will not know which one it is." Carroll immediately added, "of Carrollton," and was ever afterwards known by that cognomen. He was placed by Congress in the Board of War. In 1776, he helped to draft the Constitution for Maryland, and was the same year a member of the State Senate. In 1777, he was again a delegate to Congress. In 1781, and 1786, he was a Senator of Maryland, and in 1788, was chosen a United States Senator, to which office he was again elected in 1797. In 1799, he was one of the Commissioners to adjust the boundary line between Maryland and Virginia. On July 4, 1828, then, in his 90th year, Mr. Carroll, in the presence of an immense concourse of people, and, attended by imposing civic ceremonies, laid the corner-stone of that important Maryland enterprise — the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Toward the last of his life, Mr. Carroll removed to Baltimore — the author has it by tradition — because the city fathers here offended him by making the taxes too high. November 14, 1832, Mr. Carroll died, the last of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. (A History of Anne Arundel County, in Maryland, 1905; By Elihu Samuel Riley; Chapter Forty-Fourth: A Galaxy of Illustrious Citizens of Anne Arundel; Transcribed by SallyH)


HENRY CATLIN.

This Commissioner and neighbor of Edward Lloyd, was a Justice and Burgess of Virginia. He was also an· active supporter of the Independent Church in Virginia. He came up in 1649, bringing "his wife Jane and his son," (stepson), presumably Richard Horner. He did not remain long, but, in 1661, assigned his estate to Matthew Howard, who resurveyed it as "Howards Inheritance." (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


SAMUEL CHASE,

Signer of the Declaration of Independence, became a resident of Annapolis when he was in his eighteenth year. He often represented the city of Annapolis in the Legislature, and was sent to Congress in 1774. He anticipated the Declaration of Independence, by declaring before its adoption, that "by the God of Heaven, he owed no allegiance to the King of Great Britain." He was the most ardent of patriots, and was called the "torch of the Revolution." His national fame was begun at Annapolis, while he was a citizen of that place. (A History of Anne Arundel County, in Maryland, 1905; By Elihu Samuel Riley; Chapter Forty-Fourth: A Galaxy of Illustrious Citizens of Anne Arundel; Transcribed by SallyH)


CHAUVENET, William Marc, analytical chemist; born at Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., Mar. 4, 1855; son William and Catherine (Hemple) Chauvenet; educated in academic, scientific and mining schools of Washington University; unmarried. Employed as expert special agent, United States Geological Survey, division of mining geology, 10th census, 1879-83; chemist, United States Geological Survey, 1881-82, making reports on the iron ores of Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky and Missouri, Tenth census; assistant United States Geological Survey, Lake Superior Division, 1882-85; engaged in general practice since 1882 as analytical chemist and mining engineer. Author of Notes on Minnesota Geology on Northern Boundary, and of reports on Mexico, Venezuela, California and Missouri. Member American Institute of Mining Engineers, American Geographical Society and the Audubon Society; fellow American Association for the Advancement of Science. Member National Conservation Association. Simple Ballot League, American Red Cross, Civic League. Received Officer's Cross of civil merit, Bulgaria. Clubs: Country, Noonday, University, Contemporary, City. Recreations: literature, art and athletics. Office: 620 Chestnut St. Residence: The Pendennis, 3737 Washington Avenue. (The Book of St. Louisans, Publ. 1912; Transcribed by Charlotte Slater)


HENRY WINTER DAVIS,

One of the most brilliant of the many brilliant and accomplished orators of Maryland, was born at Annapolis, on August 16, 1817. His father was the Rev. Henry Lyon Davis, an Episcopal Clergyman, then Principal or President, as it is now called, of St. John's College, and rector of St. Anne's Parish. On account of his Federal politics, the father lost both of his offices, and the family left Annapolis to return to Anne Arundel in 1827. It was in this historic county, with his fowling piece on his shoulder, tramping through field and wood, burning much powder and securing little game, that Henry Winter Davis learned those lessons that set his heart against slavery. He declined to let his slaves be sold when they became his at his father's death, and pursued, in consequence, a life of labor to support himself. He sold land, studied the law with its proceeds, and was admitted to the bar in Alexandria, Va. He removed to Baltimore in 1850, and was elected a member of Congress in 1854. He was re-elected to Congress in 1863. He died December 30, 1864. Although a strong Union man, in Congress he took the ground that there should be no trial of citizens by courts-martial. It was a great battle, when he and the great commoner and advocate of ruthless force, regardless of constitutional law, Thaddeus Stevens, met in battle array on the floor of Congress on this question in an amendment to the military bill that no part of the funds, voted the Army, should be used to pay for courts-martial engaged in trying civilians. Henry Winter Davis won by the close vote of 72 to 71.

He was the author of this splendid sentiment that "he who would compromise a moral principle was a scoundrel, but that he who would not compromise a measure of policy was a fool."

It was said of this splendid orator and accomplished lawyer that "with a thorough mastery of the subject under discussion, he always commanded the attention of the House, by his strictly logical reasoning, his array of facts, his knowledge of constitutional law, the chaste but fervid eloquence of his diction, the strength and melody of his voice, and his commanding presence."

The author saw Henry Winter Davis once. It was when he was making his fierce fight for the prevention of the trial of civilians by courts-martial. That one opportunity to hear the voice and to see the handsome face and figure of Henry Winter Davis is a gratification that will continue as long as memory lasts. (A History of Anne Arundel County, in Maryland, 1905; By Elihu Samuel Riley; Chapter Forty-Fourth: A Galaxy of Illustrious Citizens of Anne Arundel; Transcribed by SallyH)

DAVIS, Henry Winter, (cousin of David Davis), a Representative from Maryland; born in Annapolis, Md., August 16, 1817; was tutored privately; lived in Alexandria, Va. and Wilmington; returned to Maryland in 1827 with his father, who settled in Anne Arundel County; attended Wilmington College in 1826 and 1827; St. John’s College, Annapolis, Md., and Hampden-Sydney College, Virginia; was graduated from Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio, in 1837; studied law at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Alexandria, Va.; in 1850 moved to Baltimore, Md., where he continued the practice of law and also engaged in literary pursuits; elected as the candidate of the American Party to the Thirty-fourth through Thirty-sixth Congresses (March 4, 1855-March 3, 1861); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1860 to the Thirty-seventh Congress; elected as an Unconditional Unionist to the Thirty-eighth Congress (March 4, 1863-March 3, 1865); chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs (Thirty-eighth Congress); co-sponsor of the Wade-Davis bill of 1864; was not a candidate for renomination in 1864; died in Baltimore, Md., on December 30, 1865; interment in Greenmount Cemetery. (Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-Present; transcribed by A. Newell)


DORSEY

John Hammond Dorsey, of Ann Arundle county, Md., was a prominent and active citizen and church warden. He married February 16, 1743, Frances Watkins and had three children:

1. John Hammond Dorsey, born February 12, 1744, died May 1, 1748.

2. Stephen Dorsey, born November 29, 1747, died May 29, 1749.

3. Mary Hammond Dorsey, born March 22, 1752, married June 10, 1770, John Hammond Cromwell, a descendant of Oliver Cromwell, the lord protector of England. They had these children:

Frances Cromwell, born August 23, 1772.

Louisa Anne Matilda Cromwell, born January 1, 1774, died November 11, 1826.

Oliver Cromwell, born November 25, 1775, died April 28, 1792.

Delia Cromwell, born August 17, 1777.

Benedict Cromwell, born March 23, 1780, died October 23, 1780.

Rebecca Cromwell, born March 20, 1782, died October 17, 1804

Elizabeth Cromwell, born November 28, 1784, died July 31, 1786.

Henrietta Maria Cromwell, born November 4, 1786, married, first, Reuben Reynolds, September 28, 1807, of Cecil county, Md., married, second, John Briscoe and died March 15, 1851.

Eliza Cromwell, born March 1, 1789, died August 18, 1896.

Mary Cromwell, born February 11, 1792, died June 26, 1792.

4. John Hammond Dorsey, born February 14, 1754.

5. Frances Dorsey, born April 19, 1756.

John Hammond Dorsey, senior, was a son of Col. John Dorsey and his wife, Comfort Hammond, daughter of John Hammond, of Elkridge, A. A. county, Md., and his wife Margaret Larkin. Comfort's will was probated 1747 and is on file at Baltimore Court House. (Genealogy: A Journal of American Ancestry, Vol. 3, No. 12, New York, December, 1913; Transcribed by SallyH)


CALEB DORSEY, OF "HOCKLEY."

Caleb was born at "Hockley," in 1686. In 1704, he married and came into possession of the whole estate. His wife was Elinor Warfield, youngest daughter of Richard and Elinor (Browne) Warfield, They lived in the old mansion house, which stood only a few feet from the railroad, just west of "Best Gate."

On the east, looking toward Annapolis, was the Carroll estate. On the north was General John Hammond's, in the valley of which, long after the last relics of his homestead had disappeared, was found a memorial tablet, which now rests in the grounds of St. Annes. To the northwest of old Hockley, reaching back to Round Bay, were the three Howard brothers, -Samuel, Cornelius and John Howard-running with Hockley branch. On the southwest was "Todd's Gap," which opened up the way to Lancelot Todd's. Upon a hill to the south of the mansion, is the old Dorsey burial ground, now succeeded by a later one in the beautiful gardens of new Hockley, upon the southern border of the estate. Upon the site of the old coachhouse, the plowshare turned up a silver plate, which was evidently used upon some family carriage. It represents a bended arm in armor, holding a sheaf of wheat. (This is claimed to be Eden's arms).

Caleb Dorsey increased his father's estates upon the Severn, and took up an extensive body of land in what is now Howard County. It extended from Elk Ridge Landing back to the old brick Church, upon which he placed his three sons, John, Basil and Caleb of Belmont. Still later, the three sons of Thomas Beale Dorsey, of Caleb, surveyed a still more valuable estate west of Ellicotts City. In 1732, Caleb Dorsey deeded to his son, Richard, the attorney, the homestead. After its destruction by fire Richard built upon the present site, upon the southern border. Caleb Dorsey's will, of 1742, gives us a view of the extensive farming systems of that period. "To my sons, Basil, John and Caleb, whom I have sufficiently provided for, I give £5 each. To Richard, Edward and Thomas Beale, I give twenty head of cattle, and twenty head of sheep, each.

"To Thomas Beale; the two tracts of land I bought of Thomas Higgins, after the death of my wife."

A large part of his estate had been deeded to his children through his trustee, John Beale.

His widow survived him ten years, and in her will, of 1752 named her son Edward, daughter Sophia Gough, grandson Henry Woodward, goddaughter Mary Todd, goddaughter Elinor Dorsey, of John. She made her sons, Edward and John Dorsey, her executors.

Achsah Dorsey, her oldest daughter, married Amos Woodward, nephew of Amos Garrett, first Mayor of Annapolis.

Henry Woodward was their only son. Their daughters were, Mary, Elizabeth, Eleanor and Achsah Fotterall.

Henry Woodward married Mary Young, daughter of Colonel Richard Young, of Calvert County, and Rebecca, his wife. Their issue were, Rebecca-Philip Rogers; Eleanor-Samuel Dorsey; Mary-first, Mr. Govane, second, Mr. Owings; Harriet-first, Colonel Edmund Brice, whose son , James Edmund Brice, was consul to St. Domingo; second, Colonel Murray.

Achsah Woodward, of Henry, died young.

The early death of Henry broke the male line of Amos Woodward. Mrs. Mary (Young) Woodward married, second, John Hessilius, the artist, whose portrait of her is now owned by Dr. Wm. G. Ridout. Her home was "Belfield," upon the Severn. She was a lady of strong Christian character, interested in the religious movements of the early days of Methodism. She was a member of the Church of England. ''Primrose'' was her later home.

Sophia Dorsey, of Caleb, of "Hockley,'' married Thomas Gough, of England. Their son, Harry Dorsey Gough, inherited a fortune from England, "and built 'Perry Hall.'" This has thus been described by a Methodist minister: "For .the first I saw Perry Hall, the seat of Harry Dorsey Gough, when we got in sight of the house, and it could be seen far off. I felt some strange sensations. Perry Hall was the largest dwelling house I had ever seen, and all the arrangements, within and without, were tasteful and elegant; yet simplicity and utility seemed to be stamped on the whole. The garden, containing four acres of ground, orchards and everything else were delightful indeed, and looked to me like an earthly paradise. But what pleased me better than anything else, was a neat chapel attached to the house, with a small cupola and bell that could be heard all over the farm. In this chapel morning and evening prayers were offered, when the manager and servants from the farm house and servant's quarters, together with the inhabitants of the great mansion house, repaired to the chapel, sometimes numbering fifty persons at prayers. The whole family, including children, numbered about one hundred; all seemed to know their duty and did it. Mr. and Mrs. Gough, (who was Miss Carnan), were converted under Mr. Asbury, and became members of the first Methodist class organized in Baltimore; and Mr. Gough sometimes preached, though the sect was often times persecuted. At a camp-meeting near the Belair road, Mr. Gough rode up on horse back, and his family in a coach drawn by four splendid white horses. Never before had I seen people in a coach of four to hear a back-woods preacher, in a log cabin. Our house was too small, and we got up a subscription for a larger one. When Mr. Gough heard of it he went to them and said, "Take what you have and build a schoolhouse for your children, and I will get you a meeting-house." General Ridgely, of "Hampton," Mrs. Gough's brother, gave them an acre of ground for a meeting-house and a burial ground. Mr. Gough advanced the money and paid all expenses. He named it "Camp­Meeting Chapel.''

After Mr. Gough's death, Mrs. Gough took up the cross and led the worship of God in her family. She was a woman of uncommon fortitude and courage. The very day of the battle of North Point, I preached to a few old men and some females, among whom was Mrs. Gough. The report of the guns was very plainly heard while I was preaching, and the bombs were heard at "Perry Hall," twelve miles from Baltimore, nearly all night. Mrs. Gough determined to send away a part of her family, but to stay herself and plead her own cause. It was in the mouth of eyeryone, 'the prayers of the good people of Baltimore saved the city.'

"Mrs. Carroll, daughter of Mrs. Gough, was an accomplished lady, and what is still better an humble Christian. Her end was most triumphant. Bishop Asbury's journal notes the following: ' ' Perry Hall' was always hospitably open to visitors.'

"Harry Dorsey Gough's funeral sermon was preached; there might be two thousand people to hear. My subject was pretty much a portraiture of Mr. Gough's religious character. His hospitable home was burned down many years ago, with the portraits paneled in its ·dining room. The present mansion was built by Mr. James Carroll; the property has passed out of the family, but a member has a picture of the original building. The portraits of Mr. Gough have only recently been destroyed by fire. The approach to 'Perry Hall' is the Belair road.''

The only daughter and child of Mr. Gough was Sophia, who married James Mackubin, son of Nicholas and Mary Clare Carroll, sister of "The Barrister." At the latter's request, to perpetuate his name and fortune, Mr. James Mackubin took the name of James Carroll. His heirs were Harry Dorsey Gough Carroll-Eliza Ridgely, daughter of Governor Charles C. Ridgely, of "Hampton." Prudence Gough Carroll-John Ridgely, son of Governor Ridgely. Charles Ridgely Carroll-Rebecca Anna Pue. Issue, Charles Arthur Carroll-Sally Heath White. Their heirs were the late Charles Ridgely Carroll, Harry Dorsey Gough Carroll, and Sally Heath White Carroll, all of New Brighton, Staten Island.

Rebecca, daughter of Charles Ridgely Carroll, married Hon. Carroll Spence; Sophia-George B. Milligan; Susan-Thomas Poultney; Mary-Robert Denison. Their daughter is the wife of Colonel Henry Mactier Warfield, of the Fifth Maryland Regiment.

When we were subjects of King George III, Mr. Harry Dorsey Gough built a block of houses on Baltimore Street, extending on the south side from Light Street to Grant Street. In these houses were Grant's Fountain Inn, the Post-Office under Miss ·Goddard; the American office, and Colonel Wm. Hammond's, the merchant. Several of these were lately condemned. The Carrollton Hotel stood upon the site of the old Fountain Inn, where Washington made his headquarters. The disastrous fire of February, 1904, destroyed this whole block. Upon the same site to-day, a new order of beautiful architecture has been located. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


DORSEY, Clement, a Representative from Maryland; born near Oaklands in Anne Arundel County, Md., in 1778; attended St. John’s College, Annapolis, Md.; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice; major in the Maryland Militia 1812-1818; elected as an Adams candidate to the Nineteenth and Twentieth Congresses, and reelected as an Anti-Jacksonian to the Twenty-first Congress (March 4, 1825-March 3, 1831); resumed the practice of law; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1832 to the Twenty-third Congress; judge of the fifth circuit court of Maryland until his death in Leonardtown, St. Mary’s County, Md., August 6, 1848; interment in a private burial ground at “Summerseat,” near Laurel Grove, Md. (Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-Present; transcribed by A. Newell)


EDWARD DORSEY.

In the Land Office of Annapolis, may be seen the following warrant, which explains itself:

"Warrant MDCL, granted to Edward Dorsey, of Anne Arundel Co., for 200 acres of land, which he assigns as followeth; as also 200 acres more, part of a warrant for 400 acres, granted John Norwood and the said Dorsey, dated XXIII of Feb., MDCLI. Know all men by these presents that I, Edward Dorsey, of the County of Anne Arundel, boatwright, have granted, bargained and sold, for a valuable consideration, already received, all my right, title, interest of and in a warrant for 200 acres, bearing date 1650, and also 200 acres more, being half of a warrant of 400 acres-the one half belonging to Captain Norwood, bearing date, 1651, both of which assigned to George Yate.-EDWARD DORSEY, Sealed."

Signed in the presence of Cornelius Howard, John Howard, Oct. 22nd, MDCLXVII, (1667).

That same year the same Edward Dorsey assigned to Cornelius Howard, his right for land for transporting seven persons into the province. Edward Dorsey and Thomas Manning held a certificate from Thomas Marsh, for 600 acres adjoining Captain Norwood. "Norwood's Fancy," held by Captain Norwood, was near Round Bay. "Dorsey," held by Edward Dorsey, gave the name to "Dorsey's Creek," upon which was located Thomas Gates, whose will of 1659, reads: "I give to Michael Bellott and John Holloway my plantation. I desire that they give to Edward Dorseys children free outlet to the woods and spring as formally I have given them." The following transfer, of 1668, further locates the above testator: "George Yate, 1668, assigned to Colonel Edward Dorsey, sixty acres called "Dorsey," on the south side of the Severn, on Dorsey's Creek, running to a cove called Freeman's, then up said cove to Captain John Norwood's, then bounding on a line of a place formally held by Thomas Gates."

Colonel Edward Dorsey, son and heir of Edward Dorsey, the immigrant, held this tract of "Dorsey" during life. It was sold by his widow, Margaret, the wife of John Israel, in 1706, to Wm. Bladen, of Annapolis. The following record is taken from "Our Early Settlers."-A list of our early arrivels up to 1680.

"Robert Bullen demands lands for bringing over a number of passengers, amongst whom was Edward Dorsey, in 1661."

The same record adds, "Aug. 25th, 1664, patented to him, John and Joshua Dorsey, a plantation called "Hockley-in-the-Hole," four hundred acres."

In 1683, this land was resurveyed for John Dorsey, and found to contain 843 acres. 400 acres first surveyed heing old rents remaining new, whole now in the possession of Caleb Dorsey.

Such is the record of "Hockley" upon our Rent Rolls, at Annapolis.

Among the restored records, collected by a commission, Hon. Wm. Holland, president, Samuel Young, Captain Richard Jones and Mr. John Brice, appointed after the fire of 1704, to renew the land records then destroyed, is the following:

"Came 1707, Mr. Caleb Dorsey, of Hockley, and petitioned the honorable members to have the following recorded:

"To all Christian people to whom this writing shall come, be heard, read, or seen, I, Edward Dorsey, of the County of Anne Arundel, son and heir of the late Edward Dorsey, gentleman, deceased, for the consideration of 24,000 pounds of good merchantable tobacco, transfer my right in a tract of land called "Hockley­in-the-Hole," granted to Edward, Joshua and John Dorsey, in 1664, to my brother, John Dorsey, and I further covenant to guarantee his right to said land against any demand that may descend from my said father, Edward Dorsey, for or by reason of any right due to him in his life time, or by reason of any survey by him made, or warrant returned, or for any other reason of any other matter." After his signature, fully attested, follows a deed from Joshua Dorsey, for his right in said tract for a consideration of 8,000 pounds of tobacco, to his brother, John Dorsey. After which, also, John Dorsey petitioned for a resurvey and increased it to 842 acres. The date of Edward Dorsey's transfer was 1681. He states that his father, who was living in 1667, was then dead.

Edward Dorsey, the last mentioned, in 1679 and 1685, was recorded one of the justices of Anne Arundel. His name was written both Darcy and Dorsey.

From 1680 to 1705, Major Dorsey was in every movement looking to the development of the colony. From 1694 to 1696 he was Judge of the High Court of Chancery, during which time he was commissioned to hold the Great Seal. In 1694, he was a member of the House of Burgesses for Anne Arundel, and from 1697 to his death, in 1705, was a member from Baltimore County (now Howard). He was one of the subscribers and treasurer of the fund for building St. Anne's church, and a free school for the province also received his aid. He signed the protestant address from Baltimore County to the King's most gracious Majestie, upon the succession of King William III-an appeal in behalf of Charles Lord Baron of Baltimore, whose proprietary government had been wrested from the family through the influence of Captain John Coode. Though a Protestant, he was found in support of a government which left religious faith untouched.

Mrs. Potter Palmer, of Chicago, a descendant, reviewing the record, writes: "Edward Dorsey and others were joined in the protestant effort to have Lord Baltimore's government taken from the hands of the Catholics, and made a Crown Colony under a Protestant governor. They took part in all the movements to that end, but having been personal friends of Lord Baltimore, and lovers of justice, after the Protestant government was established, they joined in a petition to the king to restore Lord Baltimore's lands to him. The king acted favorably on this petition and did so restore these lands, which were enjoyed, with all their private rights, rents and revenues, by the Baltimores during all the time the government was vested in the Crown and the Protestants in power.

"Edward Dorsey would not have been given position and honors by the royal government had he been against it. He must have been one of the most influential Protestants in the colony, for the new capital was taken to his land in Annapolis, and not to that of William Burgess on the South River, or to that of Nicholas Greenberry, opposite on Town Neck. He seems to have been the presiding genius on all committees to build the town."

Major Edward Dorsey married, first, Sarah, daughter of Nicholas Wyatt, the pioneer surveyor of the Severn, who had come up from Virginia with his wife, Damaris, and her daughter, Mary, afterward the wife of Major John Welsh. She was the half-sister of Sarah (Wyatt) Dorsey. Upon the death of Nicholas Wyatt, in 1673, he left a will made in 1671, in which Mrs. Wyatt was made executrix. Upon her subsequent marriage to Thomas Bland, the attorney, there was a contest in chancery, in which Major Edward Dorsey, as the representative of his wife, the heir, contended for the administration of the estate, on the ground of a subsequent revocation of the will of 1671. From that case in chancery, a view of Nicholas Wyatt's neighbors is given.

Captain Cornelius Howard wrote the will, and testified that the testator did not appear to be in condition at that time, to remember what he owned. He stated that Richard Warfield and Edward Dorsey knew more than he did of the revocation. Thomas Bland asked for a "Commission to Samuel Chew to call before him Captain Cornelius Howard, Robert Gudgeon, Nicholas Shepherd, Richard and Ellen warfield, John Watkins, Mary Evans, Sarah Cooper, Benjamin Stringer, Guy Meeke, Johanna Sewell, John and Mary Welsh and Maurice Baker; and that they be cross-examined concerning the revocation, or confirmation of the said deceased." The case, after an extended discussion by both leading lawyers, in which Major Dorsey contended that "the heir, not the administrator can alone make good the warranty," was decided in favor of Major Dorsey, who administered.

As Major of the Horse, he joined Captain Edward Burgess, in asking for additional arms and ammunition for defense.

In 1694, Major Dorsey was upon the committee with Major John Hammond, Hon. John Dorsey, Captain Philip Howard, Major Nicholas Greenberry and John Bennett, to lay out town lots and a town common for "the town of Proctor," or Annapolis. In 1705, he sold a row of houses upon Bloomsbury Square, Annapolis, which had been entailed to his children, but which, for want of tenants, had greatly depreciated.

At the time of his death, he was living on "Major's Choice," now Howard County. The second wife was Margaret Larkin, daughter of John Larkin. He left five minors by her. She afterwards became Mrs. John Israel, and as executrix, sold "Dorsey" and houses in Annapolis, lately owned by Colonel Edward Dorsey, her late husband."

Colonel Dorsey's will, of 1705, recorded in Baltimore City and in Annapolis, reads: "To my son Lacon, my tract "Hockley," on the Patapsco Falls. To sons Charles, Lacon, Francis and Edward, my lands on the north side of Patapsco River. (These were deeded to him by John and Thomas Larkin, 1702). To my beloved wife, Margaret, my personal estate. To my daughter, Ann, a lot of negroes. To Joshua, "Barnes Folly." To Samuel, "Major's Choice." To Nicholas," Long Reach," at Elk Ridge. To Benjamin," Long Reach." To son John, all the remaining part of "Long Reach" and a lot of silver spoons, to be delivered at the age of sixteen. All the remaining portion of my estate to my wife and executrix.-Edward DORSEY. (Seal.)"

Colonel Edward Dorsey's heirs will be found in Howard County records.

Samuel exchanged with his brother, Joshua, his interest in "Major's Choice," and held the lands of his mother, upon "Wyatt's Hill," on the Severn. His wife was Jane Dorsey. Their daughter, Patience-Samuel Howard, of Philip, in 1740.

After the death of Colonel Dorsey, Samuel contested the sale of Bloomsbury Square, on the ground that it was entailed property, and though he was of age at the time of sale, he was not consulted by his father. The title remained in the purchaser. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


HON. JOHN DORSEY OF "HOCKLEY."

Coming into possession of "Hockley," in 1683, Hon. John Dorsey married Plesance Ely, who later took up a tract of land on Elk Ridge, which she named "The Isle of Ely." In 1694, Hon. John Dorsey, was a commissioner for the development of Annapolis. He was upon many important committees during his service in the Lower House of the Assembly. In 1711, he was advanced to the Upper House, and there remained until his death, in 1714. During his life-time he was a surveyor of a vast estate of valuable lands. He left an exceedingly intelligent will of entail, which gives a summary of his large estate. It reads: "My wife, Plesance, is to have one-third of my estate, and also the choice of my estate on South River, or my now dwelling place on Elk Ridge. To my grandson, John Dorsey, son of my son, Edward Dorsey, deceased, my Patuxent plantation and lands thereunto adjoining, called "Dorsey's Search,'' lying in Baltimore County. If no issue, to go to the three youngest grandchildren of my daughter, Deborah.

"I give to my grandson, Edward Dorsey, son of my son, Edward Dorsey, deceased, 'Dorsey's Adventure' and 'Whitaker's Purchase' adjoining it. If he leave no issue, then to John, of Edward, and if he leave none, then, as above, to Deborah's youngest three children. To my grandsons, Charles and William Ridgely, of Deborah, my tract called 'White Wine and Claret,' south side of the middle branch of the Patuxent. If they leave no issue, to go to Martha, Elinor and Edward Clagett.

"I give to my two grandsons, Samuel and Richard, of Caleb, my son, my plantation on South River, called 'South River Quarter,' it being the remainder of a tract given to my son, Caleb. In case of no issue, the same to go to granddaughters, Achsah and Sophia, of Caleb.

"To grandson, Basil, of Caleb, my plantation on Elk Ridge, called 'Troy.' If no issue, to my grandsons, John and Caleb, of Caleb. My son, Caleb, to be my administrator.-John Dorsey. (Seal)."

Mrs. Plesance Dorsey became Mrs Robert Wainwright. Her tract, "The Isle of Ely," was sold by her grandson, "Patuxent John Dorsey," to Basil Dorsey, of Caleb, whose homestead, "Troy Hill," was the former residence of Hon. John Dorsey. It is now the Pfeiffer property, in Howard. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


JOSHUA DORSEY, OF ''HOCKLEY."

There is but little information obtainable of this middle patentee of Hockley. After the deed, in 1681, of his interest in Hockley to his brother, John, he located upon "Taunton," a tract taken up by Lawrence Richardson and left by him to his sons, one of whom, Lawrence, Jr., conveyed his interest to Joshua Dorsey. The will of Lawrence Richardson, in 1666, names his daughter, Sarah. She later became the wife of Joshua Dorsey, and after his death, the wife of Thomas Blackwell, who held another tract, "Burnt Wood," taken up by Lawrence Richardson. It was assigned by Richardson's heirs to Wm. Gudgeon, who conveyed it to Thomas Blackwell, and by him it was conveyed to John Dorsey, only son of Joshua. These same tracts were conveyed to Amos Garrett by John Dorsey, heir­at-law of Joshua, in which he recited the above transfers, to him from his father, Joshua Dorsey, and his father-in-law, Thomas Blackwell. Joshua Dorsey's will, of 1687-8, granted one-third of his estate to his widow, Sarah Dorsey, and made his brothers, Edward and John, guardians for the education of his son, John Dorsey, to whom he left his estate. His will further reads:

"To my loving cousin, John Howard, a grey gelding; to cousin Samuel Howard, two hogsheads of tobacco. I bequeath to my cousin, Sarah Dorsey, twenty shillings, to buy her a ring."

John and Comfort Dorsey sold the above tracts to Amos Garrett. Comfort Dorsey was the daughter of Thomas and Rachel Stimpson. The latter was the widow of Neale Clarke, and the daughter of Richard and Rachel Beard, of South River. Mrs. Stimpson became later, Mrs. Rachel Killburne, and still later, Mrs. Rachel Freeborne. John and Comfort Dorsey had issue-John Hammond Dorsey, Vincent, Captain Joshua, Greenberry, Sarah and Venetia Dorsey. John Hammond, of Cecil County, left his estate, "Success," to John Hammond Dorsey, Vincent Dorsey, Sarah and Venetia, children of John and Comfort Dorsey, of Joshua. Mrs. Comfort Dorsey, in her will, named her legatees, "Vincent and John Hammond Dorsey." To her sons, Joshua and Greenberry, she left one shilling each. "To John, of Greenberry, a memorial, and to Comfort, of Greenberry, gold earrings."

Vincent Dorsey married Sarah Day. His will names, "John, of Greenberry; also Greenberry and Elizabeth, of John; and Vincent Cromwell."

John Hammond Dorsey, of "Success," married Francis Watkins, of John. Issue, John Hammond Dorsey, Jr.-Anne Maxwell, whose daughter, Mary Hammond Dorsey-John Hammond Cromwell, son of Thomas Cromwell, of Huntingdon, England, whose wife was Venetia Woolguist, of Wales; yet husband and wife were cousins. James Maxwell Dorsey, in 1789, married Martha McComas and removed to Ohio. Issue, Dr. G. Volney Dorsey, of Ohio. Sarah Dorsey-Alexander Cromwell, in 1735.

John Hammond Cromwell and his brother, Vincent, after the death of their father, came to Cecil and claimed relationship with the Cromwells, of Anne Arundel. Vincent Cromwell removed to Kentucky. The house of John Hammond Cromwell still stands. Its family cemetery is surrounded with a box hedge six feet high. The following recent death in that homestead gives an interesting history of the family. It is quoted from the Baltimore American.

"Elkton, Md., October 20th, 1902.-Mr. Henry B. Nickle, who was buried last week, at Oxford, Pa., near Cecil County line, was a descendant of Oliver Cromwell. "Success Farm" was the name of his homestead. It lies between Susquehanna River and Octararo Creek, and is a part of Lord Baltimore's Susquehanna Manor, in Cecil County.

"Henry B. Nickle was a great-grandson of John Hammond Cromwell, who inherited the farm from his mother, Venetia Cromwell (nee Dorsey), who inherited it from her mother, Mary Dorsey (nee Hammond), who inherited it from her father, John Hammond. Soon after the close of the Revolutionary War, John Hammond Cromwell, eldest son of Venetia and Woolguist Cromwell, and his niece, Mary Hammond Dorsey, settled on Success Farm.

''The old mansion stands as originally built by Lord Baltimore, from whom it was purchased by Lady Lightfoot, and given to her son, John Hammond. Across the lane, ·in front of the house, is the family burying ground, with a shaft in the centre of which are the names of those buried there: John Hammond Cromwell, 1745- 1819; Mary Hammond Dorsey Cromwell, wife of John Hammond Cromwell, died 1795; Oliver Cromwell, 1775-1792; Eliza Cromwell, 1789-1796; Elizabeth Cromwell, 1786-1787; ; Mary Cromwell, 1792-1793; Rebecca Cromwell Wilson, 1708-1806; Benedict Cromwell, 1780-1806; Lewis Harlen, 1760-1825; Matilda Cromwell, wife of Lewis Harlen, 1774-1825; Frances Dorsey, died 1820, sister of John W. Cromwell; J. Cromwell Reynolds, M. D., late a surgeon in the army of the United States, born February 6, 1810, died February 20, 1849.

"John Hammond Cromwell, by will, devised money to be divided among his children to be used in the purchase of mourning brooches, each to contain some of his hair. The brooches were made in a design of onyx, inlaid with silver, in the centre of which was an oval of braided hair under glass. Mr. Cromwell was wealthy, entertained largely, and was prominent in politics. He had large peach orchards, and manufactured peach brandy. In a grove west of his mansion may be seen the ruins of the old still-house.

"Among the Nickle heirlooms is John Hammond Cromwell's silver sugar tongs. Another is an old fashioned sampler embroidered by Rebecca Cromwell, August 16, 1796."

Greenberry Dorsey, of John and Comfort-Mary Belt, daughter of John and Lucy Lawrence, daughter of Benjamin and Elizabeth Talbott. Issue, John Dorsey and Thomas Edward Dorsey.

Greenberry Dorsey, as heir-at-law of Colonel John Dorsey, who held "Dorsey's Plains," on the Gunpowder, deeded the same to his son, Thomas Edward Dorsey, of Harford County. John Dorsey, of this family-Cassandra Carnan. Their son, Elisha, of "Dorsey's Plains,"-Mary Slade, whose son, Nicholas Slade Dorsey-Maria Hance, of Baltimore, descendant daughter of the Rances, of Calvert; connected with the Dukes, Irelands, Clares and Calverts, of that county.

They were the parents of Rev. Owen Dorsey, late of the Interior Department, who collected considerable data of the family.

Captain Joshua Dorsey, of John and Comfort-Flora Fitzimmons, and resided in St. Margarets Parish, on the Severn. Their children are all recorded in that parish. His widow, in 1784, named her six absent sons, Frederick, a mariner, Peregrin, Greenberry, Joshua, John and James, granting them a nominal rememberance, if they be living. To her son Nicholas and her daughters, Providence Lane and Rebecca Dorsey, she left her estate, "Mascalls Rest."

I have seen a saucer that belonged to Providence Lane. Upon it is a sea gull on a rock, surrounded by ten stars. It was inherited by Mrs. Reuben M. Dorsey, daughter of the Prussian Minister, I.P. Krafft, who married Eliza Brice, daughter of Providence Lane.

Judge Reuben M. Dorsey, wishing to depart from the old Dorsey custom of marrying cousins, sought the hand of his wife; but when he began to study her genealogical record, found that she, too, came from one of the three Dorsey brothers, who took up Hockley, in 1664. The sons of Judge Dorsey are Dr. Reuben M. Dorsey, of Baltimore; the late Charles Krafft Dorsey, attorney-at-law; Dr. Caleb Dorsey, of Baltimore; Philip Hammond, Nicholas and Frank Dorsey, of Howard. Phillip Hammond Dorsey married Miss Duvall, of Anne Arundel County. He holds the homestead. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


RICHARD DORSEY, OF "HOCKLEY."

Richard Dorsey, the attorney, came into possession of the home­ stead in 1732. He built upon the present site. His wife was Elizabeth Nicholson, widow of William Nicholson, and daughter of John and Elizabeth (Norwood) Beale.

John Beale was the son of Thomas Beale, of St. Mary's. He was Caleb Dorsey's trustee. He bought from Andrew Norwood, "Norwood's Intact" and "Proctor's Chance," in the city of Annapolis. His coat of arms may be seen upon his original will, in 1734. Mrs. Elizabeth Beale, that same year, deeded to her daughter, Elizabeth, then wife of Richard Dorsey, of "Hockley," her father's estate; a portion of which had been deeded to Beale Nicholson, only son of William, both then deceased. A portrait of Beale Nicholson is one of the heirlooms of "Hockley."

Mrs. Elizabeth Dorsey was a sister of Mrs. Anne Rutland, wife of Thomas, who in her will, of 1773, named her nieces, Ann Beale, Eliza Harrison and Mary Dorsey, children of my sister, Elizabeth Dorsey. Mary Dorsey, of Richard and Elizabeth, married John Weems; Elinor-Chancellor John Hall; Ann-John Beale; Elizabeth became Mrs. Harrison. Caleb Dorsey, only son of Richard, inherited Hockley. He married Mary Rutland, of Thomas, the Annapolis importer, who built "Rutland Row," in Annapolis.

Caleb and Mary Dorsey had Richard, of "Hockley," who married Anne Warfield, daughter of Captain Philemon Warfield, thus uniting again descendants of the two neighboring houses of Dorsey and Warfield. Their issue were, Caleb-Elizabeth Hall Dorsey, whose dancing slippers are still at "Hockley." Issue, Colonel Edward Dorsey, who was with Colonel Harry Gilmonr's dashing trooper's; Bartus Dorsey, of Baltimore; Richard Dorsey, and Mary Elizabeth, who married the late Magruder Warfield, of Baltimore.

Edward Dorsey, of Richard and Anne-Elizabeth Worthington; Mary, of Richard and Anne-Hon. John Stevens Sellman, of the "Nineteen Van Buren Electors," who, by entering the Senate Chamber, when others ref used, helped to bring on the compromise during the administration of Governor Veazey.''

Anne, of Richard and Anne, inherited "Hockley"-Essex Ridley Dorsey, of Vachel and Elizabeth Dorsey, grandson of Vachel and Ruth Dorsey, and great-grandson of John and Honor (Elder) Dorsey. Vachel Dorsey, Jr., and Charles Carroll, of Carrollton, were surveyors of "Vacant Land." Essex Ridley Dorsey's mother, Elizabeth Dorsey, was the daughter of Joshua and Elizabeth (Hall) Dorsey, and granddaughter of Henry and Elizabeth (Worthington) Dorsey.

"Hockley," taken up by two brothers, Major Edward and Hon. John, is thus held by the combined descendants of those brothers, viz.: Vachel Charles, who holds the old "Hockley" estate, upon which he has built a modern house; Miss Anne Elizabeth, who presides at "Hockley," Evalina, Andrew Jackson and Richard Dorsey, of "Hockley." Evalina-Richard Dorsey Sellman, son of Hon. John Stevens Sellman. Issue, Mary Laura, Anne Elizabeth Dorsey, Eleanor and Gertrude Sellman. Mrs. Sellman died, January 1st, 1900. Her first three daughters are of the household of "Hockley." Miss Gertrude Sellman resides in Baltimore.

The original patent for "Hockley," under the seal of Lord Charles Baltimore, perfectly legible and well-preserved, is an heirloom of "Hockley " A silouette of Mr. Essex Ridley Dorsey hangs upon the walls of "Hockley," in the charming gardens of which, among the flowers and shrubs, he now sleeps beside his wife and her ancestors.

Samuel and Joshua Dorsey, of Caleb and Elinor, both died bachelors, and left their estates to their brothers and sisters.

Edward Dorsey, of Caleb and Elinor, was an attorney and resided in Annapolis. He took up an extensive estate in Frederick County, and became a member of the Council from that county. He was engaged in many important legal cases in the Court of the Chancery. Governor Sharp, in his correspondence with Lord Baltimore, noted the fact that the then existing Council was composed of relatives of Mr. Edward Dorsey, all of whom were opposed to the proprietary. As Frederick Calvert was then at the head, it was only an honor to be in opposition. Edward Dorsey was in partnership with his brother, Caleb, of Belmont, in smelting iron ore. After his early death, and the death of all his heirs, Ely Dorsey, husband of Edwards' sister, Deborah, entered a suit in chancery for the recovery of a large share of the property of the firm, then held by Caleb of Belmont. After a long and exhaustive trial, the case was compromised.

Edward Dorsey loaned money on many tracts in Howard and Frederick Counties, and made extensive transfers in real estate. He was his mother's executor. He was a brother-in-law of Governor Paca. He was a member of the Tuesday Club, of Annapolis, in its palmy days, and was one of its eloquent debaters. His wife was Henrietta Marie Chew, daughter of Samuel and Henrietta Maria Lloyd, of Colonel Philemon and Henrietta Marie (Neale) Bennett. In early manhood, whilst on a trip to Boston for his health, he died at New Port, in 1760.

His widow followed him in 1762. Their two daughters, Eleanor and Henrietta Marie Dorsey, both died before reaching womanhood, leaving their estate of £30,000 to their Dorsey relatives.

The Annapolis Gazette, in reviewing the eminent service of Captain Edward Dorsey, gave him the title of "Eminent Councilor."

Eleanor Dorsey (of Caleb and Eleanor), married Thomas Todd, of "Todd's Neck," Baltimore County, whose genealogy has already been traced. Their only son was Thomas Todd, the fifth, who left four sons, Thomas, Bernard, Dr. Christopher and Robert Todd. The daughters of Thomas and Eleanor Todd were Elizabeth, Eleanor, Francis and Mary, already noted elsewhere.

Mrs. Todd married again, William Lynch, and resided near Pikesville. Their daughter, Deborah Lynch, married Samuel Owings, founder of Owings Mill, son of Samuel and Urith (Randall) Owings. From this marriage descends Mr. Thos. B. Cockey, of Pikesville, and Richard Cromwell, of Baltimore.

(The remaining heirs of Caleb and Eleanor will be found in Howard County.) (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


DANIEL DULANY.

A history of Annapolis would be incomplete without a biographical sketch of Daniel Dulany who, under the non de plume of Antilon, carried on the memorable newspaper controversy in 1773, with Carroll, of Carrollton, the "First Citizen" of that literary prologue of the American Revolution. Daniel Dulany, son of Daniel Dulany, was born at Annapolis, July, 1721, and was educated at Eton and at Clara Hall, Cambridge, England. He entered the Temple, and, returning to the colonies, was admitted to the bar in 1747. Mr. McMahon, of this brilliant man, says: "For many years before the downfall of the Proprietary Government, he confessedly was without a rival in this colony, as a lawyer, a scholar, and an orator, and, we may safely regard the assertion that, in the high and varied accomplishments which constitute these, he has had amongst the sons of Maryland but one equal and no superior. We admit that tradition is a magnifier, and that men even through its medium and the obscurity of half a century, like objects in a misty morning, loom largely in the distance, yet with regard to Mr. Dulany, there is no room for illusion. 'You may tell Hercules by foot,' says the proverb; and this truth is as just when applied to the proportions of the mind, as to those of the body.

The legal arguments and opinions of Mr. Dulany that yet remain to us, bear the impress of abilities too commanding, and of learning too profound, to admit of question. Had we but these fragments, like the remains of splendor which linger around some of the ruins of antiquity, they would be enough for admiration. Yet they fall very short of furnishing just conceptions of the character and accomplishments of his mind. We have higher attestations of these in the testimony of contemporaries. For many years before the Revolution, he was regarded as an oracle of the law. It was the constant practice of the courts of the Province to submit to his opinion every question of difficulty which came before them, and so infallible were his opinions considered, that he who hoped to reverse them, was regarded as 'hoping against hope.' Nor was his professional reputation limited to the colony. I have been credibly informed that he was occasionally consulted from England upon questions of magnitude, and that, in the southern counties of Virginia, adjacent to Maryland, it was not unfrequent to withdraw questions from their courts and even from the Chancellor of England, to submit them to his award. Thus unrivalled in professional learning, according to the representations of his cotemporaries, he added to it all the power of the orator, the accomplishments of the scholar, to the graces of the person the suavity of the gentleman. Mr. Pinkney himself, the wonder of the age, who saw but the setting splendor of Mr. Dulany's talent, is reported to have said of him, that even amongst such men as Fox, Pitt, and Sheridan, he had not found his superior. Whatever were the errors of his course during the Revolution, I have never heard them ascribed, either to opposition to rights of America, or to a servile submission to the views of the ministry; and I have been credibly informed, that he adhered throughout life, to the principles advanced by him in opposition to the Stamp Act. The conjecture may be hazarded that had he not been thrown into collision with the leaders of the Revolution in this State, by the proclamation controversy, and thus involved in discussion with them, which excited high resentment on both sides and kept him at a distance from them until the Revolution began, he would, most probably, have been found by their side, in support of the measures that led it." Mr. Dulany was Secretary of the Province when he conducted the famous controversy with Charles Carroll, of Carrollton. He was also a member of the Upper House under the proprietary government. The political differences of the Revolution survived its conclusion. Mr. Dulany held no public office after it, and the brilliancy of his talents displayed alone in the forum of provincial courts, did not shed its effulgence in national councils, and his fame, reflected from the humble pedestal of State history, has not depicted to the nation the phenominal proportions of his intellect. Such was the iron heel of public opinion upon the political fortunes of a man, "whose opinions were thought to have moulded those of William Pitt, by whom they were publicly noticed with great honor." These opinions, (which were published October 14, 1765, and which looked to "a legal, orderly, and prudent resentment" to be expressed against the Stamp Act "in a zealous and vigorous industry,") widely prevailed in America. This course was urged until that time might come, "when redress may be obtained." Mr. Dulany died in Baltimore, March 19, 1797, aged 75 years and 8 months, and was buried in St. Paul Cemetery, corner Lombard and Fremont streets, Baltimore. From Dulany's pamphlet "Considerations," Pitt took his arguments to defend America in his great speech in Parliament in 1766 for the repeal of the Stamp Act. (A History of Anne Arundel County, in Maryland, 1905; By Elihu Samuel Riley; Chapter Forty-Fourth: A Galaxy of Illustrious Citizens of Anne Arundel; Transcribed by SallyH)


FAMILIES CONNECTED WITH GOVERNOR FENDALL.

Governor Fendall's official life has already been noted. He closed his life as a Marylander and left a distinguished line. His son Colonel John Fendall, of "Clifton Hall," born 1672, married Elizabeth Hanson, widow of William Marshall.

Benjamin Fendall, "of Potomack," born 1708, married Eleanor Lee, daughter of Philip Lee and Sarah (Brooke). After her death, he married Priscilla Hawkins, widow of John and daughter of Alexander Magruder. His daughter, Sarah Fendall, was, the beautiful wife of Colonel Thomas Contee, of "Brookefield." This estate was originally the homestead of Major Thomas Brooke, who received many thousand acres on the west side of the Patuxent. His initials, T. B., cut on a boundary stone, gave the name to the village "T. B.''

The village of Nottingham stands on a portion of his grant.

In 1660, Major Thomas Brooke was commissioned major of the Colonial forces. His vessel brought over many settlers. In 1673, he became a member of the General Assembly. He married, in 1659; Eleanor Hatton, daughter of Hon. Richard Hatton, of London, whose children came with their uncle, Hon. Thomas Hatton, of the Council. He fell in the battle of the Severn in 1655. "Brookefield" descended to his son, Thomas, whose mother married Henry Darnell, of "The Woodyard,'' land commissioner under Lord Baltimore, his brother-in-law.

Mary Darnall, at fifteen, became the wife of Charles Carroll, attorney-general for Lord Baltimore. Their son, Charles Carroll, Jr., was the father of Charles Carroll, of Carrollton. Major Thomas Brooke and wife were Catholics. Clement Brooke, the son, married Jane Sewall, daughter of Major Nicholas Sewall, and Susanna, daughter of Colonel William Burgess. Elizabeth Brooke, of Clement, became the mother of Charles Carroll, of Carrollton.

Colonel Thomas Brooke, of "Brookefield," was repeatedly elected to the General Assembly, and a member of his lordship's Council, becoming, in 1720, president of that body. He belonged to the Church of England. His second wife was Barbara Dent, daughter of Colonel Thomas Dent and Rebecca Wilkinson, his wife.

Sarah Brooke married Philip Lee, of ''Blenheim' -Issue: Richard Lee, of "Blenheim," and Thomas Lee, father of Governor Thomas Sim Lee, whose son, John Lee, gave the name to another, and later governor of Maryland, John Lee Carroll, of "Doughoregan Manor." Governor Fendall's descendants are traced in "The Bowies and Their Kindred." (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


JOHN D. GODMAN

Was born at Annapolis, December 20, 1794. He was apprenticed to a printer in Baltimore, but, at the age of twenty, enlisted in the Navy and was present at the defence of FortMcHenry. After the war he studied medicine and practiced until 1821, when he became professor in the Medical College of Ohio at Cincinnati, and commenced there the Western Quarterly Reporter. In 1822, he removed to Philadelphia, and devoted himself to the science of Anatomy, of which he became in 1826, a professor in Rutgers Medical School, New York. He prepared the Zoological articles for the "Encyclopedia Americana" up to the end of the letter C. His principal work was "American Natural History." He died at Germantown, Pa., April 17, 1830. (A History of Anne Arundel County, in Maryland, 1905; By Elihu Samuel Riley; Chapter Forty-Fourth: A Galaxy of Illustrious Citizens of Anne Arundel; Transcribed by SallyH)


HAWKINS.

Closely allied to Bennett, Lloyd, Meeres, and others of the Nansemond settlers, several families of Hawkins were early settlers in the province. John Hawkins, through his attorney, Nicholas Wyatt, assigned unto Giles Blake one hundred acres, due him for transporting himself into the province. Henry Hawkins named "his brother Philemon Lloyd," and left his property to Edward Lloyd, Susanna Bennett and Maria Bennett.

Ralph Hawkins was on the Magothy River in 1657. He had sons, Ralph and William, to whom he left "goods out of England."

His wife was Margaret Hawkins. William Hawkins wife, Elizabeth, received from Thomas Meeres "a riding horse."

Thomas Hawkins, of Poplar Island, named "Margaret Hall, daughter of Edward." His wife was Elizabeth.

Matthew Hawkins, of the Severn, was one of Edward Lloyd's first commissioners, in 1650. From his daughter Elizabeth, came State Senator George Hawkins Williams, and Mr. Elihu Riley, the historian of Annapolis.

From John Hawkins, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Dorsey, descended Mr. James McEvoy, Dr. Frank Martin, Augustus W. Martin, Mrs. Dr. Mills, and Miss Fannie Martin, descendants of Dr. Samuel B. Martin, the "old defender," and his wife Ruth Dorsey Hawkins.

The Hawkins, of Queenstown, sent down a judge of the provincial court in 1700, and a surveyor-general of customs. Through the Fosters and Lowes, they were connected with Lord Charles Baltimore, the Lloyds, De Courseys, Marshes, Tilghmans and Chambers.

"Very interesting memorial remains," says Davis, "are now in possession of the vestry of Centreville, showing a massive piece of silver plate in excellent preservation." (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


HENRY HAWKINS.

An interesting case in Chancery gives us a view of some of our early fathers. The case is an inquiry to ascertain the owner of "Nathaniel Point," in Talbot County, on Wye River. Colonel Edward Lloyd called a commission of Mr. William Coursey to take depositions, and Captain John Davis gave this record:

"Mr. John Scott told me that a certain bachelor's tree, up on the road passing through 'Nathaniel Point' got its name from the sale of said point by Mr. Nathaniel Cleeve to Mr. Henry Hawkins for a case of spirits. Upon the delivery of the goods, Mr. Henry Hawkins, Mr. Nathaniel Cleeve, Wm. Jones, Henry Catlin and four others, all bachelors, under that tree consumed the whole case of spirits and at the conclusion of the feast, Mr. Cleeve before all, publicly expressed his entire satisfaction with the bargain.

Mr. Henry Hawkins held the tract, and delivered it over to his kinsman, Colonel Philemon Lloyd, whose son was the party to the Inquisition. This transfer was confirmed by three of the bachelor party. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


STEWART HOLLAND.

By one act this man made his name immortal. He was born at Annapolis. September 24, 1854, found him a member of the engineering department of the Steamer Arctic, that, with hundreds of passengers, was sinking in mid-ocean, from the effects of a collision. "About two hours after the Arctic was struck, the firing of the gun," said the third mate of the Arctic, "attracted my attention, and I recollect when I saw Stewart, it struck me as remarkably strange that he alone of all belonging to the engineering body should be here. He must have had a good chance to go in the chief engineer's boat and be saved; but he did not, it seems, make the slightest exertion to save himself whilst there was duty to be done on shipboard. I recollect that, about an hour before the ship sunk, I was hurriedly searching for spikes to make a raft with. I had just passed through the saloon. On the sofa were men who had fainted, and there were many of them too; the ladies were in little groups, clasped together, strangely quiet, and resigned. As I came out again, the scene that presented itself was one that I hope never to see again. Here and there were strong, stout men on their knees in the attitude of prayer, and others, who, when spoken to, were immovable and stupefied. In the midst of this scene, Stewart came running up to me, crying: 'Donan, my powder is out; I want more. Give me the key.' 'Never mind the key,' I replied, 'take an axe and break open the door?' He snatched one close beside me, and down into the ship's hold he dived, and I went over the ship's side to my raft. I recollect distinctly his appearance as once more he hailed me from the deck, the right side of his face was black with powder, and when he spoke, his face seemed to me to be lighted up with a quaint smile." So the gallant youth continued to fire "the minute gun" that booming over the sea might catch the ear of some passing vessel and bring relief to the perishing. As the ship, which carried three hundred people with it to watery graves, went down, Stewart Holland was seen "in the very act of firing as the vessel disappeared below the waters." A lot was donated in Washington, where, he lived at the time of the disaster, and money subscribed to build him a monument, but the funds were embezzled by the trustee. (A History of Anne Arundel County, in Maryland, 1905; By Elihu Samuel Riley; Chapter Forty-Fourth: A Galaxy of Illustrious Citizens of Anne Arundel; Transcribed by SallyH)


HOMEWOOD.

James, John and Thomas Homewood were all upon the Magothy. James was Commissioner under Edward Lloyd, in 1650.

John Homewood was a later Commissioner of Anne Arundel. His wife, Sarah Homewood, was a daughter of Thomas Meeres. She again became the wife of John Bennett, a Commissioner to lay out Annapolis in 1694. She was the legatee of Henry Howard, in 1683, who gave her "a seal ring with a coat of arms, and a hooked ring with the initials F. C."

John Homewood and Henry Howard were intimate friends. Both were legatees of John Fawson, of the city of York, England, who, in 1677, also named his friend, Dr. Stockett, in his list of legatees. The Worthingtons and Homewoods were united in marriage still later. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


CAPTAIN CORNELIUS HOWARD.

Named for Colonel Cornelius Lloyd, this Severn settler was made Ensign in command of the Severn. From 1671 to 1675 he represented Anne Arundel County in the Legislative Assembly. His colleagues were Robert Francklyn and Colonel Wm. Burgess. This official position enabled him to increase his surveys and take up surveys for his neighbors. He was frequently called upon to write the will and become a witness of the same for his neighbors. ·He was sole executor and legatee of Wm. Carpenter, in 1676. Captain John Sisson, in 1663, named Cornelius Howard, "my brother" and executor. Mrs. Elizabeth Howard, wife of Cornelius, was "aunt" of Mary Todd, daughter of Lancelot.

Captain Cornelius, of 1680, left the homestead to his wife and son Joseph. Captain Cornelius Howard, Jr., the boatwright, heired adjoining lands. The daughters were Sarah, Mary, the spinster, and Elizabeth, wife of Andrew Norwood, whose daughter married John Beale. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


JOSEPH HOWARD, OF CAPTAIN CORNELIUS.

The homestead, near the old Indian trail, and a later survey of "Howards Inheritance," became Joseph's estate in Anne Arundel. He was twice married: first to Anne Burroughs, widow of Joseph Burroughs, who held land on South River; second to Margery Keith. Joseph Howard took up, for his sons, the following tracts in Howard County, in the neighborgood of Clarksville. In 1722, he and others took up a tract of 2,590 acres, called "Discovery." This was followed by 500 acres known as "Howards Passage," in 1728. And "Joseph's Hazard," of 100 acres, in 1727. His will of 1736, records: "I give to my son, Henry Howard, "Kil-Kenny" and "Howards Hazard" adjoining, out of a tract of "Howards Passage," and 300 acres of "The Second Discovery." I give to son Ephriam, 500 acres of "Discovery." (This was later deeded by Ephriam to his brother Henry). I give to my son Joseph, 200 acres called "Discovery," adjoining Ephriam. I give to my son Cornelius the remainder of said "Discovery," and 400 acres of "Howard's Passage." I give to Joseph the plantation on which I now live, known as "Howards Inheritance," 380 acres, and it is my desire that my friend, Dr. Richard Hill, will instruct in the knowledge of phisick, and be his guardian. I give to my grandson, Joseph Higgins, 100 acres of "The Second Discovery." To daughter Sarah, was left money; to daughter Ruth Duvall, and daughter Hannah Jacob, twenty shillings each. I desire my friends, Colonel Henry Ridgely, Joshua Dorsey, and John Dorsey, of Edward, to be overseers to look after the interests of my sons."

Joseph Howard.

Witnesses: John Howard, John Burgess, William Phelps.

Margery Howard, his widow, in 1739, gave to her sons, Cornelius, Ephriam, Joseph Howard, and daughter Sarah, a number of negroes.

In 1737-8, Ephriam Howard deeded his portion of "Discovery" to his brother Henry. This tract was on the east and south of Carrolls Manor. 500 arces of the original body of 2,590 acres, were patented to John Beale; 1090 acres, to Joseph Howard; 200 acres, to Abel Browne; 800 acres, to Thomas Bordley. The tract known as "Second Discovery '' began at a line of "Altogether," which was on the western border of Carroll's Manor, and extended west and north toward Glenelg and West Friendship. It was surveyed for John Beale, Vachel Denton, Priscilla Geist and Joseph Howard, and patented to Vachel Denton and Joseph Howard, who held 910 acres. Denton sold his interest to William Worthington. Joseph Howard, Jr., was the only one who remained in Anne Arundel County. His will, of 1783, granted to his wife one-half of the dwelling place, "Howards' Inheritance," a part of "Rich Neck" and "Chaney's Hazard." After her death it was to go to Joseph Howard, Jr., and Margery, wife of Major Henry Hall; to son Benjamin the other half of the above lands. "It is my will that Benjamin give up his claim to his part of his grandmother's, Margaret Gaither's estate, willed to him by her, and he is to receive no part of my personal estate, but that it be divided equally between my granddaughter, Margaret Howard, daughter of my son Joseph, and my grandson Henry, son of my daughter Margery, wife of Henry Hall. To grandson Thomas Rutland, son of my daughter Mary, one shilling. To my son Joseph, all my tract lying at South River, known as "Howard's Angle." If Benjamin will not make over his grandmother's part, then Joseph is to have Benjamin's part." Richard Burgess, Charles Stewart, Jr., and Samuel Burgess, witnesses.

Mrs. Joseph Howard was Margaret Williams, daughter of Mrs. Margaret Gaither, widow of Edward. She inherited "Folkland." Joseph Howard, Jr., gave .to his daughters the old dwelling house, whereon, as tenant, lived Richard Rawlins. After them, it was to go to Joseph Howard his son, his wife, Martha Howard, and brother Benjamin, executors. She was Martha Hall, daughter of Rev. Henry Hall, of St. James Parish. She later married Nicholas Hall. Benjamin Howard, brother of the above testator, left his estate of 500 acres to Joseph, of Joseph, and a part of the dwelling and residence to his nieces, Elizabeth, Eleanor, Martha, Margery and Kitty, and to his nephew, John Washington Hall; sister Martha Howard, widow of brother Joseph, executrix. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


JOSEPH HOWARD, OF '' HOWARD' S GROVE."

In 1836, the above testator left his "Mansion House" to his wif e Catherine, with power to control it as he was accustomed to do, and to live in the same style; to command servants, horses and teams at her will; sons Thomas and Joseph, to assist her in its management; daughters Elizabeth, Margaret and son Allen, all to hold their interests in common. The property to be held together until the marriage of all his daughters, and then to be divided. He desired that all of his children should be baptised, and paid a high tribute to his wife. Robert Welsh, of Benjamin, Thomas G. Waters and John Thomas were witnesses. A codicil, modifying some of the provisions, was witnessed by Richard Duckett, Martha Howard and Thomas Duckett.

The above testator has been recorded in "The Bowies and Their Kindred," as descending from Matthew Howard, of Matthew, as seen by the following quotations, "Matthew Howard, of Matthew, of 1650, through his son Joseph Howard, who married Martha Hall, daughter of Rev. Henry Hall, of the Episcopal ministry, of England, left Joseph Howard, Jr., born 1786, who married Elizabeth Susannah Bowie, daughter of Captain Fielder Bowie. Issue: Dr. Joseph Howard, of 1811, married Eleanor, daughter of William Digges Clagett .and Sarah Young; second Thomas Contee Bowie Howard, born 1812, married Louisa, daughter of John Selby Spence, of Worcester Co., United States Senator. Issue: Margaret Louisa Howard, married Nicholas T. Watkins, of Howard Co.; Thomas Contee Bowie Howard, Jr., married Sally Stevens, of Cambridge, and lived near Annapolis; third Margaret Howard, married Dr. Thomas S. Duckett. Issue: Marion and Ella Duvall; Allen Bowie Howard, of Joseph, Jr., married Anna Maria Spence, sister of his brother's wife and lived at "Mulberry Grove," Anne Arundel. Issue: John Spence Howard, married Mary E. Hodges. Issue: Mary, John Spence, Jr., Margaret, Ellen Howard, Sophia and James Hodges Howard; Allan Bowie Howard married Rose Alexander, of Philadelphia; Sarah Maria Howard." Captain Thos. Howard, the popular commander of the Oyster Navy, under both Governors Smith and Warfield, descends from this branch of Howards. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


CAPTAIN PHILIP HOWARD.

"Our Early Settlers" notes the arrival of Philip Howard, in 1669, and his demand for fifty acres for transporting himself. In 1659, a grant was made to Philip Howard, orphan," under the title of "Howard's Stone." This was on the north side of the Severn, adjoining Edward Lloyd. Philip Howard bought lands also from Cornelius Howard, on the south side of the Severn. He bought, also, from Robert Proctor. He was one of Her Majesty's Justices in 1694, and during that same year, was a commissioner in laying off the town of Annapolis. He married Ruth Baldin, daughter of John Baldwin, and Elizabeth, his wife. She was a sister of John Baldwin, who married Hester (Larkin) Nicholson, and also a sister of Mrs. Thomas Cruchley, of Annapolis. She was the aunt of Anne Baldwin, wife of Judge Samuel Chase and Hester, wife of Judge Jeremiah Townley Chase.

Captain Philip and Ruth Howard had one daughter, Hannah, who married her cousin, Charles Hammond. In his will, of 1701, Captain Howard named his grandsons, Charles and Philip Hammond, sons of his daughter, Hannah. Mrs. Ruth Howard was made executrix. The Rent Rolls record: "Ruth Howard, relict of Captain Philip Howard, enters a tract of land called ' Green Spring,' purchased by said Howard from Robert Proctor. She also claims 'Maiden,' and 'Howard and Porters Range,'-conveyed from Cornelius Howard to said Philip; also a tract called 'The Marsh.' She further claims that Cornelius Howard, Sr., left a portion of ' Howard' and Porter's Range' to Mary Howard, spinster, and that she conveyed it to Cornelius Howard, Jr., who conveyed it to her husband, Philip Howard.'' All of these claims stand as demanded.

From Hannah Howard, only daughter of Philip and Ruth (Baldwin) Howard, descended a long line of Hammonds, the largest land holders in both Howard and Anne Arundel Counties. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


SAMUEL HOWARD.

There is still one living neighbor of the Severn, who remembers seeing, when a boy, the terraced grounds which surrounded the old stone house of Samuel Howard, and he read from the tombstone in the graveyard, the name of "Patience Howard, daughter of Samuel Howard." She was the daughter of the later Samuel Howard.

Samuel Howard married Catherine, daughter of James and Elizabeth Warner, daughter of William Harris, of South River. The will of James Warner, names "his son Samuel Howard, to whom he left his cloth suit, and to his grandson Philip Howard, another suit of 'stuffe.' "

Peter Porter, the second, in his will names "his father Samuel Howard," and made him heir and executor. His wife was Sarah Porter; daughter of Samuel Howard. Samuel Howard's will, of 1703, throws considerable light on his family. He named his wife, Catherine; his son Philip; his grandsons John and Samuel Maccubin, and his granddaughter, Elizabeth Maccubin, to whom he left £20 each. To "cousin" John Howard, "cousin " John Hammond, "cousin 's Sarah Brice, Hannah Hammond, Cornelius and Joseph Howard, and "cousin" Elizabeth Norwood, he left twenty shillings each. It is well known, all these "cousins" were his nephews and nieces. John Howard was the only son of John Howard, brother of the testator; John Hammond was the son of Major John Hammond, and Mary Howard his wife, sister of the testator. Sarah Brice was the daughter of Matthew Howard, brother of the testator. Hannah Hammond was the daughter of Philip Howard, another brother. Cornelius and Joseph Howard were the sons of his brother Cornelius, and Elizabeth Norwood was the wife of Andrew Norwood, and daughter of Cornelius Howard. Samuel Howard made his nephews, John Hammond and John Howard, overseers of his will, with his son Philip, executor. This will establishes, beyond question, that the above five Howards were brothers. As executor of his father, Philip Howard had a case in Chancery, leading out of the will of his grandfather, James Warner, who left "Warner's Neck" to his daughter, Joanna Sewell, with the provision that it would descend to, and remain always in possession of her heirs. It was sold by her son, James Sewell, to Samuel Howard. This sale was contested by other Sewell heirs, but the Rent Rolls show the, same tract "in possession of Henry Pinkney, by his marriage to the widow of Philip Howard." The latter died two years after his father and "Henry Pinkney, Cornelius Howard and Joseph Howard were made guardians of Samuel, James, Priscilla and Rachel Howard, children of Philip Howard." Samuel, in 1744, married Patience Dorsey. Annie Howard, of the city of Annapolis, in 1744, named her children Samuel, Harvey, Annie, Philip, Charles, Benjamin and Thomas Howard.

Samuel Howard married Miss Higginbottom. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


THE HOWARDS, OF THE SEVERN.

An early certificate in the Land Office at Annapolis reads: "Laid out, July 3rd, 1650, for Matthew Howard, on the Severn, southside, near a creek called Marsh's, beginning at a hollow, called "Howard's Hollow," and binding on said creek, a tract containing 350 acres; also another tract running with Howard's swamp, containing 350 acres more.'' These surveys of Lloyd were not patented.

This record indicates clearly, that Matthew Howard came up with Edward Lloyd, in 1650. In support of this, the records of Lower Norfolk County, Virginia, give us the following history of the Howards, of Virginia.

"There were three Howards, or Haywards, among the English members of the Virginia Companies," records Alexander Brown, in his "First Republic.'' "They were Master John, Rev. John, and Sir John Howard, Knight. They contributed, in all, £112 and 12s.

Master John, the historian, was born in Suffolk, in 1560; was D. C. L. of Cambridge; pleader in ecclesiastical courts; was knighted 1619, and an M. P. in 1621; married Jane Pascal; died in London 1627. His "Life of Edward VI." was published after his death.

Rev. John Howard, was reported in Stiths History of Virginia, as "John Howard, Clerk."

He subscribed £37. He was the author of "Strong Helper," in 1614.

Sir John Howard subscribed £75. He was the second son of Sir Rowland, by his second wife, Catherine Smythe. He was knighted at Windsor, July 23rd, 1609; was High Sheriff of Kent in 1642.

In 1622, a John Howard, who had come with Edward Bennett's first company, in 1621, was killed by the Indian massacre of 1622. His plantation formed the border line of the Isle of Wight, Virginia. From some of these Howards, members of the Virginia Company, descended Matthew Howard, a close friend, relative and neighbor of Edward and Cornelius Lloyd, in Virginia, and with the former, came to Maryland.

Matthew Howard was in Virginia, in 1635, as shown by a court record, in which he had a suit with Mr. Evans. In 1645, he was the executor of the will of Richard Hall, a merchant of Virginia, who, in 1610, was one of the "Grocers Court," of England, which contributed £100 toward the plantation in Virginia.

Colonel Cornelius Lloyd was a witness to Richard Hall's will, in 1645. The testator's property was left to Ann, Elizabeth, John, Samuel, Matthew and Cornelius Howard, children of Matthew and Ann Howard.

Philip Howard, the youngest son of Matthew and Ann, was evidently not born in 1645, for his name was not included in the list of legatees. But, in 1659, Commander Edward Lloyd surveyed for him, after the death of Matthew, the Severn tract of "Howard­ stone," for "Philip Howard, Orphant."

In 1662, the sons of Matthew Howard, came up to the Severn, and seated themselves near their father's surveys. John, Samuel and Cornelius Howard, all transported a number of settlers, and received grants for the same upon the Severn. They located adjoining each other, near Round Bay.

In 1661, Henry Catlin, one of Edward Lloyd's commissioners, also, of the Nansemond Church, assigned his survey to Matthew Howard, Jr., who resurveyed the same, with "Hopkins Plantation " added, into "Howard's Inheritance.''

In 1662, the five brothers, John, Samuel, Matthew, Cornelius and Philip, had nine hundred acres granted them as brothers.

It was upon one of these many hills of Severn, in the neighbor­ hood of Round Bay, that John Howard slew the lion.

John Howard, heir-at-law of Matthew and namesake of his grandfather, John, was a progressive surveyor of lands. He located at Round Bay. In 1663, with Charles Stephens, he took up "The Woodyard" and "Charles Hills," on the south side of the Severn.

Upon the death of Charles Stephens, John Howard married Susannah Stephens, the widow. She was the heir of Captain John Norwood. The only issue of John and Susannah Howard was Captain John Howard, Jr. John Howard, Sr., extended his surveys to Baltimore County, and took up "Timber Neck," upon the mouth of the Whetstone. It later became a part of Baltimore City. He also took up lands in Harford County. John Howard's second wife was Elinor, widow of John Maccubin, by whom there was no issue. She was of the Carroll family. Her daughter, Sarah Maccubin, became the wife of William Griffith, the immigrant. John Howard's will, of 1696, left his extensive estate to his son, John Howard, Jr., and to his wife's grandson, Orlando Griffith.

Captain John Howard, Jr., increased his father's estate by yearly surveys. About 1690, he married Mary, daughter of Richard and Elinor (Browne) Warfield, his neighbor on Round Bay. Their issue were Benjamin, Absolute and Rachel Howard, all minors at the death of his wife. Captain Howard married again, Katherine, widow of Henry Ridgely, and daughter of Colonel Nicholas Greenberry. Their only issue was one daughter, Katherine Howard. Mrs. Howard died before her husband, leaving five minors by her former husband, Henry Ridgely.

Captain John Howard soon followed her, and left, in 1704, the following will:

"I give unto my son, Benjamin Howard, my dwelling plantation, whereon I now do live, and all the land adjoining it, during his natural life, and to the lawful heirs of his body, and for want of such heirs, to go to the next of blood in the name.

"I give to my son Benjamin, 'Howard's Cove,' lying at Round Bay; also, a plantation on the Patapsco, bought of James Greeniffe, and another parcel, lying near the head of Bush River, and upon the branches of Deer Creek, containing four hundred acres, called 'Howard's Harbor,' and, also, a half part of 'Howard's Chance.'

"I give to my son, Absolute Howard, two tracts on Patapsco, called 'Yates Inheritance,' and "Howard's Point,' also ' Howards Cattle Range,' south side of Patapsco on Mill Branch; also a tract on 'Bush River.' I give to my two daughters, Rachel Howard and Katherine Howard, all that parcel of land called "Howards Timber Neck,' lying at· the mouth of ·whetstone, to be equally divided be­ tween them, during their natural life, and to their lawful heirs, and, for want of such heirs, to my son Benjamin and his heirs.

I desire that the orphans of Mr. Henry Ridgely have their portion paid, according to their father's will, and I give to my son, Charles Ridgely, ' Howard Luck,' lying at Huntington, A. A. Co. I give to Mr. Henry Ridgely's five children, twenty pounds apiece, to be paid them at the day of marriage, or at the age of twenty-one.

"I make and ordain my loving brothers, Mr. Richard Warfield and Mr. Alexander Warfield, to be my full, whole and only executors of this my last will and testament. And my loving brothers, Mr. Charles Greenberry and John Hammond, I make and ordain overseers of this my will, and I give each of them thirty shillings to buy them a ring to wear for my sake. I desire my son Benjamin shall have my silver-headed cane, that has come in this year; and my son Absolute, shall have my silver tobacco box, that has my name on it; and my son-in-law (stepson), Henry Ridgely, shall have the other silver tobacco box, that has his father's name; and that Joshua Dorsey shall have my silver-hilted sword, that is at John Greeniffe's house, which his father Dorsey gave me. If you find three gold rings, given by me, I desire you to let Anne Ridgely have her first choice, and Betty and Rachel have the other ones. I desire to be buried by my father, on his left hand, and have the graveyard pailed.

"I desire you to send for a ring, equal in value to the others, for my daughter, Katherine Howard.

"I do advise that you take care that all the lands I have surveyed this year, have patents issued in the names of the orphans, I desire that you will give honorable satisfaction to my friend, Mr. Edward Rumney, for any trouble I may be when I draw my last breath, and that you will give his wife a ring at that period.

"I give to Mrs. Eleanor Howard, twenty shillings, to buy her a ring."

John Howard. (SEAL.)

Witnesses: Joseph Hill, Cornelius Howard, Zachariah Taylor, Zachariah Maccubin, Benjamin Warfield, John Warfield, William Maccubin.

The above will was supplemented by seven codicils, as after thoughts, during this critical period, with both wives dead and nine young children to dispose of. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


REVERDY JOHNSON

Was born at Annapolis, Maryland, May 21, 1796. He was educated at St. John's College, and, at the age of 17, began the study of law in Prince George's county, in the office of his father, who was the Chief Justice of the Judicial District of which that county formed a part. In 1815, he was admitted to the bar, and by way of encouragement to all who do not achieve success at once, be it written, he made a lamentable failure in his first speech in Court. In 1817, he removed to Baltimore, and devoted much of his time to arguing cases before the Supreme Court of the United States, where he won renown as a profound student of the legal profession, not only in America, but, his fame reaching Europe, he was called to argue before the French tribunals. In conjunction with Mr. Thomas Harris, he reported the decisions of the Maryland Court of Appeals, known as " Harris and Johnson's Reports," (7 vols. 1820-27). In 1821, he was elected a State Senator, and re-elected in 1825. In 1845, he was chosen United States Senator, which office he resigned in 1849, on being appointed by President Taylor, Attorney-General of the United States. In 1861, he was a member of the Peace Convention in Washington, which tried to prevent the Civil War. In 1862, he was again elected to the United States Senate, and was a member from 1863 to 1868. In June of the latter year, he was appointed Minister to England, where he negotiated a treaty for the settlement of the Alabama claims. This treaty was rejected by the Senate. He was recalled in 1869. During the entire Civil War, when many illegal acts were committed under the plea of "military necessity," Reverdy Johnson, whilst an ardent supporter of the Union, eloquently raised his voice against every usurpation of the military power. On the evening of February 10, 1876, when in his 80th year, with a mind yet undimmed by mental incapacity, and a body that gave promise of many years of usefulness, he met with a fatal accident at Annapolis. He was at a social gathering at the Executive Mansion, John Lee Carroll, being then Governor and host. Mr. Johnson started to go out the main doorway. He was offered assistance but refused it. Passing down the granite steps of the front porch, he turned to the left of the entrance and fell into a paved area, five feet below, where he was found shortly afterward in an unconscious state. He expired soon after being discovered. He died almost within a stone's throw of the house in which he was born, and well nigh under the shadow of his alma mater. The terms of the Johnson treaty, that the Senate rejected, were ultimately agreed upon by England and America. (A History of Anne Arundel County, in Maryland, 1905; By Elihu Samuel Riley; Chapter Forty-Fourth: A Galaxy of Illustrious Citizens of Anne Arundel; Transcribed by SallyH)


THOMAS JOHNSON.

Thomas Johnson, born in Calvert County, made his fame and spent most of his public life in Annapolis. He was a member of the Maryland Legislature; then of the First Continental Congress, and it was upon his suggestion made June 9th, 1775, and, on his nomination, proposed, June 15th, 1775, that General Washington was selected as the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental army. Johnson was upon most of the important Committees of Congress, and his voice was oftener heard in debate than that of any other member of Congress. He remained in Congress until November 9th, 1776, when Congress appointed him a Brigadier General of the Frederick militia, and he marched with them to the aid of Washington in the Jerseys. While in the field he was elected the first Governor of Maryland chosen by the people. He was inaugurated March 27, 1777. He was twice elected Governor, and during his administration many martial measures were passed. When the Union had been established, President Washington offered Mr. Johnson the office of Chief Justice of the United States. This honor Johnson declined. The last public act of Gov. Johnson was to deliver in 1800 a eulogy upon Washington. Gov. Johnson died in Frederick County, October 26, 1819, being nearly 87 years of age. (A History of Anne Arundel County, in Maryland, 1905; By Elihu Samuel Riley; Chapter Forty-Fourth: A Galaxy of Illustrious Citizens of Anne Arundel; Transcribed by SallyH)


LIEUTENANT JAMES BOOTH LOCKWOOD, U. S. A.,

Was born at Annapolis, Maryland, October 9, 1852, and died at Cape Sabine, Smith's Sound, April 9, 1884. To Lieutenant Lockwood belongs the distinction of having attained, during the Greely Expedition, the point nearest to either pole, than ever reached by any human being. It was on Lockwood's Island in north latitude, 80 24; longitude 44 5. (A History of Anne Arundel County, in Maryland, 1905; By Elihu Samuel Riley; Chapter Forty-Fourth: A Galaxy of Illustrious Citizens of Anne Arundel; Transcribed by SallyH)


THOMAS MARSH.

This first Commissioner of Anne Arundel, coming up from Virginia with William Durand, he surveyed lands, first upon Herring Creek, but later became a merchant of the Severn.

He was an active member in every movement of the early settlers. Having become prominent in the Severn contest, the proprietary government, in 1658, refused to recognize his right to lands. His tract known as "Majors Choice," became historic as a long disputed line dividing the Counties of Anne Arundel and Calvert. He assigned a hundred acres upon the Chesapeake to Edward Dorsey and Thomas Manning. The latter in his petition for a title to the land, recorded that it was taken up by Thomas Marsh, who, on account of his rebellion, was unable to secure title to the same.

Thomas Marsh assigned, also, to William Ayres, a tract upon Herring Creek.

Removing to Kent Island he was made captain of Militia.

In his will of 1679, he named his wife Jane, daughter of John Clements; his son Thomas, and daughters Sarah and Mary.

Ralph Williams, of Bristol, England, residing, in 1672, upon "Towne Neck," made Thomas Marsh, senior, his residuary legatee. He was, also, that same year, a witness to the will of Robert Burle, an associate justice and legislator from the Severn.

The Foremans, of "Clover Fields" and "Rose Hill," and other representative families of Eastern Maryland, descend from this first Commissioner. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


THOMAS MEERES.

Thomas Meeres was an important member of the Virginia Assembly before coming up to be one of Lloyd's council. He was high in the church. He was an active participant in the Severn contest and was upon the committee which arrested Governor Fendall. He was a Justice of Anne Arundel, in 1657, and a delegate to restore the records in 1658.

His will of 1674, shows him a man of means. His daughter, Sarah Homewood, son John, and wife Elizabeth shared each one­ third of his estate. To the latter was given his "jewels, plate, bills, and bonds."

John married Sarah, daughter of Philip Thomas. One daughter, Sarah, was their only heir. She became Mrs. John Talbott. They sold "Pendenny" to Captain John Worthington. This tract was Captain Worthington's homestead, just opposite the Naval Academy. It was also the homestead of Commander Edward Lloyd, who assigned it to Thomas Meeres, who made the Quaker Society the final court of resort, in case of any dispute of his will.

The will of John Meeres left "lands bequeathed by my father, Thomas Meeres, adjoining brother-in-law John Homewood, "to daughter Sarah Talbott.

He left legacies to the children of his sister-in-law, Elizabeth Coale, and referred to his brother-in-law, Samuel Thomas. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


JAMES MERRYMAN.

A neighbor of Henry Catlin, and a member of Lloyd's first commissioners, James Merryman, in 1662, assigned his certificate for five hundred acres to John Browne, of New England. He left no will, or other records. The Merrymans, of Hayfield, may thus descend.

John Browne held this grant and assigned it to James Rigbie, who sold to Colonel Nicholas Greenberry. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


MONROE, Frank Adair, jurist: b. Annapolis Md., Aug. 30, 1844. He was educated at private schools in Urbana, at the Maryland Military School and the Kentucky Institute, 1860-61, which he left at the beginning of his sophomore year to enter the Confederate states army. He served four years in Company E, Fourth Kentucky infantry, and Company C, First Louisiana cavalry. He was wounded and captured near Somerset, Ky., in March, 1863; was exchanged in October, 1863. He was admitted to the Louisiana bar in 1867 and practiced in New Orleans. He was elected judge of the Third district court, parish of New Orleans, in November, 1872, but was dispossessed of the office after a month's service. He took part with the White League in the action of Sept. 14, 1874, which overturned the "Packard" government; was reflected judge in November, 1876, and installed in January, 1877; was appointed judge of the civil district court, parish of Orleans, in 1880; reappointed in 1884 and 1892. He took an active part in the anti-lottery campaign of 1892; was a member of the Louisiana state constitutional convention, 1898; was appointed associate justice of the supreme court of Louisiana in March, 1899, and in November, 1906, was elected for the term of 1908-20. He was president of the Association of the Army of Tennessee and a member of the law faculty of the Tulane University of Louisiana for over ten years. (THE SOUTH in the Building of the Nation Volume XI; Edited by James Curtis Ballagh, Walter Lynwood Fleming & Southern Historical Publication Society; Publ. 1909; Transcribed and Submitted by Andrea Stawski Pack)


John O'Brien.

This gentleman is well known throughout Texas as a man of genius and at the head of his profession in the State. He is a native of Cork, Ireland, and a son of John O'Brien, who was a stone-cutter by trade.

When the subject of this sketch had reached the age of twenty years he decided to seek his fortune in America, and after his arrival here he served an apprenticeship at the carpenter's trade, and later took up the trade of marble mantel making. He rapidly developed a taste for designing and carving, in which he became so proficient that by the advice of friends he resolved to perfect himself in the art. By close application to the duties of his calling, which afforded him not only his means of support but also the best opportunities then within his reach for perfecting himself in his calling, he made rapid progress. He later spent seven years at Rome, Italy, in St. Luke's Academy, which is recognized as one of the best schools for sculptors in the world, and there he pursued his studies under the greatest masters of modern times. Under contract, he returned to America to carve a statue of Commodore Perry, which now adorns one of the public parks of Cleveland, Ohio. Later he produced the heroic statue of Lord Baltimore for the Johns Hopkins University, at Baltimore, Maryland, after which he made the Maryland Confederate Soldier, which was unveiled on one of the public squares of Baltimore in the presence of thousands of people. These splendid achievements brought him renown, and closely following the completion of the last named work he was engaged (1880) to make a life-sized bust of General Winfield Scott Hancock, then candidate for President of the United States. After the finishing touches had been given this beautiful work of art, it was well paid for and presented to its subject by General Hancock's personal friends and political admirers, and in his letter of acknowledgment the General made use of the following significant words: "I am in receipt of your recent communication with reference to the carved bust of myself by our well known sculptor, John O'Brien, Esq., of Baltimore. The engrossed letter of presentation with the carving have both been received and are beautiful specimens of art. I beg that you accept for yourselves and convey to the gentlemen concerned my warmest thanks and appreciation of this evidence of friendship and esteem. I would ask, too, that you express my special thanks to Mr. O'Brien. I, of course, cannot judge accurately of the merit of a work so personal to myself, but it is pronounced by others to be worthy of Sculptor O'Brien's high reputation."

Mr. O'Brien then left Baltimore and came to Texas. His first public work in the Lone Star State was the production of an heroic bust of General Sam Houston, which occupies a prominent pedestal in the Texas State capitol building, at Austin, for which he received the inadequate compensation of $1,000. For about thirteen years past Mr. O'Brien has resided in Galveston, where he has quietly pursued his profession. He now has under way an equestrain [sic] statue of General Houston and a life-sized statue of Stephen F. Austin, which bid fair to equal, if not surpass, all his former efforts. (History of Texas, together with a biographical history of the cities of Houston and Galveston, etc., Chicago: Lewis Pub. Co., 1895; Transcribed by Genealogy Trails staff)


OWINGS AND OWENS OF MARYLAND

The earliest trace of the Owens and Owings in Maryland is found in the land records in Annapolis. Grants of land are recorded to Richard Owens in 1654 and to John Owens in 1670.

Samuel Owings, whose name appears in the earliest record of St. Thomas's parish, was the son of Richard and Rachel (Beale) Owings, and was born April 1, 1702, in a little house part stone and part log, two rooms below and two above, located in Green Spring Valley. This cottage was occupied from 1700 until 1780 by successive generations of Owings, being enlarged from time to time. It passed in 1870 into the hands of the Ashland Iron Company. Samuel Owings married January 1, 1729, Urath Romdall, daughter of Thomas and Harriett Romdall. Urath was born January 1, 1713, and was married on her sixteenth birthday. The family record, as contained in Urath Romdall's birth, is a model of neatness. It tells not only the date but also the hour and day of the week when each of the eleven children were born. Issue:

Beale, May 19, 1731.
Samuel, August 17, 1733.
Rachel, May 2, 1736.
Urath, June 26, 1738.
Thomas, October 18, 1740.
Hannah, April 17, 1743, died September 28, 1745.
Christopher, February 16, 1744.
Richard, August 26, 1746, died September 28, 1747.
Rebecca, October 21, 1748.
Richard, July 16, 1749.
Hannah, January 27, 1750.

Urath Owings married Benjamin F. Lawrence, and Thomas Owings married Ruth Lawrence.

Samuel Owings, senior, was one of the commissioners (under the act of the Assembly in 1742) to select and purchase the site of St. Thomas's church. He was one of His Majesty's justices. He died April 6, 1775. (Genealogy: A Journal of American Ancestry, Vol. 3, No. 5, New York, May, 1913; Transcribed by SallyH)


CHARLES WILSON PEALE,

The eminent American painter, spent much of his life in Annapolis. He was born April 16, 1741. Peale had a checkered career. He was first a saddler and harness-maker, then watch and clock tinker, and in their order, silver-smith, painter, modeller, taxidermist, dentist and lecturer. In 1770, he visited England, and for several years, was a pupil of West. Returning home he settled first in Annapolis and then in Philadelphia, and acquired celebrity as a portrait painter. Among his works were several portraits of Washington, and a series forming the nucleus of a national portrait gallery. He commanded a company of volunteers in the battles of Trenton and Germantown, and also served in the Pennsylvania Legislature. About 1785, he commenced a collection of natural curiosities in Philadelphia, founding "Peale's Museum," in which he lectured on natural history. He aided in founding the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. (A History of Anne Arundel County, in Maryland, 1905; By Elihu Samuel Riley; Chapter Forty-Fourth: A Galaxy of Illustrious Citizens of Anne Arundel; Transcribed by SallyH)


WILLIAM PINKNEY

Was born at Annapolis, Md., March 17, 1764. His family was a branch of the South Carolina Pinkneys, who early settled at Annapolis. He studied medicine, but left that for the law, and was admitted to the bar in 1786. In 1788, he was a delegate to the Convention which ratified the constitution of the United States, and he subsequently held various State offices as member of the House of Delegates, Senate and the Council. In 1796, he was sent to London, as Commissioner, under the Jay treaty, remaining abroad until 1804. In 1805, he became Attorney-General of Maryland. In 1806, he was sent as Minister extraordinary to England to treat, in conjunction with Monroe, with the British Government, and was resident Minister from 1807 to 1811, when he was appointed Attorney-General of the United States, which office he held two years. He commanded a volunteer corps in the war of 1812, and was severely wounded in the battle of Bladensburg. In 1815, he was elected a member of Congress, and in 1816, was appointed Minister to Russia, and Special Minister to Naples. In 1818, he returned home, and, in 1819, was elected a United States Senator. He died February 22, 1822. Tradition says at thirteen he stood guard as a soldier in the Revolutionary fortifications around Annapolis. (A History of Anne Arundel County, in Maryland, 1905; By Elihu Samuel Riley; Chapter Forty-Fourth: A Galaxy of Illustrious Citizens of Anne Arundel; Transcribed by SallyH)


CAPTAIN GEORGE PUDDINGTON.

Honored as one of the first Commissioners under Edward Lloyd and unanimously named as one of the first legislators of 1650, Captain George Puddington took at once a foremost place in the new county.

Of his wife, the following record from the Virginia Magazine of History, is of interest: "Colonel Obedience Robins, of "Cherrystone," born 1601, was a member, in 1632, of the first County Court of Accomac, and was a brother of Edward, merchant of Accomac. His name and associations seem to indicate that he was of Puritan affinities. His wife was the widow of Edward Waters, of Bermuda. When a girl of sixteen, Grace O'Neil arrived at the Bermudas in the ship "Diana." Becoming Mrs. Waters, they removed to Elizabeth City, now Hampton, where their first son, William, was born. He became an active citizen of Northampton. Upon the death of Edward Waters, the widow became the wife of Colonel Obedience Robins. Jane, the wife of George Puddington, a member of the Maryland Assembly, from Anne Arundel County in 1650, was a sister-in-law of Colonel Obedience Robins."

Captain Puddington took up "Puddington Harbor," "Puddington Gif t," and "West Puddington."

In 1667, he was an associate justice of Anne Arundel. He left no son. His will was probated by Colonel William Burgess, in 1674.

Captain Edward Burgess, named for his grandfather, Colonel Edward Robins, was Captain Puddington's residuary legatee. The sons-in-law of Captain Puddington were Ex-Sheriff Robert Francklyn; Hon. Richard Beard, the surveyor; and grandson Neal Clarke.

All named in his will as follows: "son-in-law Robert Francklyn; to each of my son Richard Beard's children; to each of my grandson Neal Clark's children; to George Burgess, William Burgess and Susanna, children of Captain William Burgess, legacies. My loving wife Jane, and Edward Burgess the rest of my estate." (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


WINFIELD SCOTT SCHLEY.

Admiral Winfield Scott Schley, U. S. N., who commanded the American fleet at the naval battle off Santiago, is a citizen of Anne Arundel county. He holds his citizenship in the city of Annapolis, and, when he exercises the right of the elective franchise, Admiral Schley casts his ballot in Annapolis. (A History of Anne Arundel County, in Maryland, 1905; By Elihu Samuel Riley; Chapter Forty-Fourth: A Galaxy of Illustrious Citizens of Anne Arundel; Transcribed by SallyH)


PHILIP THOMAS.

With his wife Sarah Harrison and three children, Philip, Sarah and Elizabeth, Philip Thomas came from Bristol, England, in 1651. He was granted five hundred acres, "Beckley," on the west of the Chesapeake.

To this he added "Thomas Towne," "The Plains" and "Philip's Addition." On this he erected his homestead, "Lebanon," a view of which is still preserved. On his lands stands Thomas Point Lighthouse.

His neighbor was Captain Wm. Fuller, the provincial leader. With him, Edward Lloyd, Richard Preston, Samuel Withers went to St. Leonards, and delivered up the captured records. With this act he gave up political adventures and joined the Society of Friends, under George Fox. The Quaker Society was made the final court to settle his estate.

This estate was claimed by his son, Samuel Thomas, through a verbal will which Edward Talbott, his brother-in-law resisted. The question was finally decided by the Society in favor of all the heirs.

Sarah Thomas, the English born daughter, married John Meeres; Elizabeth became the third wife of William Coale, and still later the wife of Edward Talbott; Martha became Mrs. Richard Arnold.

Samuel Thomas-Mary Hutchins, of Calvert, whose mother was Elizabeth Burrage. Their daughter Sarah-Joseph Richardson; Elizabeth-Richard Snowden, son of Richard and Mary (Linthicum) Snowden; John Thomas-Elizabeth, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth (Coale) Snowden; Samuel Thomas-Mary, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth (Coale) Snowden; Ann Thomas-Edward Fell, of England.

Philip Thomas, eldest son of Samuel and Mary Thomas-first Francis Holland, leaving a son William Thomas; second, Ann, daughter of Samuel Chew and Mary his wife. Their issue were Samuel, Philip, Mary, Elizabeth- Samuel Snowden, Richard­ Deborah Hughes; John Thomas resided at West River, wrote poetry and was President of the Maryland Senate. He married Sarah, third daughter of Dr. Wm. Murray-Anne: Philip, John and Sarah. Samuel, eldest son of Philip and Ann Chew Thomas, removed to Perry Point in the Susquehannah, and married his cousin Mary; daughter of Samuel and Mary Snowden Thomas; issue, Ann, Philip, Saml. Richard Snowden, John Chew and Evan William. Samuel was a minister of Friends, and married Anna, daughter of Dr. Chas. Alexander Warfield: Evan William-Martha Gray: John Chew, 4th, son of Samuel, and Mary Thomas resided at Fairland, Anne Arundel: was member of Congress, in 1799, and took part in the election of President, in which three days and thirty-five ballots were required to select Thomas Jefferson. He married Mary, daughter of Richard and Eliza (Rutland) Snowden, of Fairland.

Having married an heiress and becoming a large slave holder, he lost his membership in the Quaker church, which he only regained by manumitting one hundred slaves. He sold his homestead for$50,000.

The Thomas family, of Maryland, has already been fully traced in the Thomas Book. Some descendants will be found more fully in this work, in the biographical sketches of three governors of Maryland representing different branches of Philip Thomas' descendants. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)


CAPTAIN THOMAS TODD.

Thomas Todd passed his youth in England. He patented land in Elizabeth City, Virginia, in 1647. The "Rent Rolls" of Anne Arundel show, that Thomas Todd, shipwright, surveyed a lot "on ye south side of ye Severn River." It was a portion of the present city of Annapolis. There was a contest in Chancery over the title to this survey. It was decided against him, yet Lancelot Todd, of Baltimore County, in 1718, sold it to Bordley and Bladen. Thomas Todd resided there, in 1657; he was appointed, by Governor Fendall, one of the justices of Anne Arundel.

The mansion of Charles Carroll, of Annapolis, was built upon his survey.

Thomas Todd took up lands on Fells Point, Baltimore County, and later patented land, including some seven hundred acres on the Eastern Shore. He is supposed to have been the son of Robert Todd, of York County, Virginia, in 1642.

In 1664, Thomas Todd located at North Point. He also held an estate, "Toddsbury," in Gloucester County, Virginia, still held by his descendants. In 1674-5, he was a Burgess in the Assembly of Maryland, from Baltimore County. He married Ann Gorsuch, daughter of Rev. John Gorsuch, rector of Walkham, Herfordshire, whose wife was Ann, daughter of Sir William Lovelace. Her brother Charles Gorsuch married Ann Hawkins, as shown by the West River Quaker records.

Thomas Todd, before sailing for England, with eighty-seven hogsheads of tobacco from his plantation, wrote a letter to his son, Thomas, of "Toddsbury," Virginia, saying: "All my desire is to see you before I go, for I fear I shall never see you, as I am very weak and sick. I want some good cider to keep me alive, which I suppose you have enough of. We intend to set sail to-morrow, if it be a fair wind." He died at sea. His will was probated in Baltimore, Annapolis and Virginia. His widow, Ann married David Jones. Her son, James Todd, married a daughter of Mountenay, and upon their estate was started the City of Baltimore.

Thomas Todd, 3rd, who styled himself "The Younger," was the inheritor of "North Point," and the father of Thomas Todd, 4th, and Robert Todd, to whom he left his large estate. The old homestead that has always been owned by Thomas Todd descended to Thomas Todd, 4th. He married Eleanor Dorsey, of "Hockley." They left a son Thomas, and four daughters, Eleanor, Elizabeth, Francis and Mary. The first three inherited "Shawan Hunting Ground," a beautiful estate adjoining Worthington Valley. Mary Todd inherited "Todds Industry," and other tracts upon the Patapsco. She married John Worthington; Elizabeth Todd-John Cromwell; Eleanor-John Ensor; Francis-George Risteau; Mrs. Eleanor Todd-2nd William Lynch. Their daughter, Deborah-Samuel Owings, Jr., of Owings Mills.

Thomas Todd, 5th, left sons, William, Dr. Christopher, Bernard, George and Thomas.

Mr. Thomas Bernard Todd, the present owner of "North Point," president of the school board of Baltimore County, descends from Bernard Todd. Lancelot Todd, neighbor of Cornelius Howard, in his will of 1690, named "his kinsman Lancelot Todd."

The latter married Elizabeth, daughter of Mary Rockhold. Their two daughters were Ruth Dorsey, wife of Michael, and Sarah Dorsey, wife of Edward.

As Lancelot, Jr., sold the surveys taken by Captain Thomas Todd at Annapolis, he must have been the heir of James Todd, an important man in the early days of Baltimore. See case in Chancery, wherein Daniel Dulany, attorney-general for the Proprietary, enters suit against Edmund Jennings, who married the widow of Thos. Bordley, for the restoration of grant bought by Bordley and Larkins, from Lancelot Todd, representative of Thomas Todd, the surveyor. It is a very interesting review of the title to the site of Annapolis. (The Founders of Ann Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland: A Genealogical and Biographical Review from Wills, Deeds and Church Records, Baltimore, MD. by J. D. Warfield, Published by Kohn & Pollock, 1905; Transcribed by Jan Grant; Proofread by Shannon Thomas)




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