St. Anne's Cemetery - Later known as City Cemetery
[Headstones from Hammond's Creek, moved to this cemetery]


St. Anne's Cemetery
Later known as City Cemetery

The early history of Maryland is so closely interwoven with that of the county which provided it with its final seat of government, that there is hardly an old graveyard in Anne Arundel but yields a record of important names. A survey of the city of Annapolis in 1718, gives to the Church Circle an area of 94,025 feet. At that time all the citizens were nominally parishioners of St. Anne's, and the churchyard was their common burial ground. It was more than twice as large as it is now, extending as far as the present Court House, and into the grounds of the Executive Mansion.
By the year 1786, every inch of the space was full, and much of it had been used over and over again. A piece of land, given to the parish by Elizabeth Bordley about the year 1790, supplied the pressing need for a larger graveyard, and this, until within recent years, was always known as St. Anne's cemetery. Most of the bodies around the church were removed to the new place of burial; and in course of time the churchyard itself became confined within its present limits. Some of the broken gravestones have found their way into the street crossings near St. Anne's; others have been utilized in various ways. In one case fragments have been made to serve the purpose of steps to the wing of the Brice House. These, through the courtesy of Mr. Martin, owner of that historic mansion, were removed from their position and turned over for the purpose of investigation.

On the under side of one of them were discovered the words: "died July 14th, 1765."
The rest of the inscription had become obliterated, but by searching among the obituaries of the Maryland Gazette, a probable clew was found by which to reconstruct the whole.
"Sunday last died here of smallpox at the house of her brother, Mr. Chief Justice Brice, Mrs. Anne Denton, widow, a gentlewoman of pious and exemplary life and conversation."
The date of the Gazette where this extract appears is Thursday, July 18,1765.

John Brice, the Chief Justice mentioned above, was the son of John Brice of Haversham, England. He outlived his sister about one year. Besides the position he holds in local family tradition, he is among those to whom complimentary allusions are made by Governor Sharpe in his correspondence with Lord Baltimore preserved in the Maryland archives. Designated by his Excellency as a man of " Good Abilities and Fortune," he is recommended to the Lord Proprietor as a gentleman fitted to fill the vacancy in the Council left by the death of one of its members. This position, however, he never held, as he died shortly afterward.

To return to St. Anne's and its funeral records, one reads in the Register of 1707—the oldest volume preserved—of the burial of such distinguished personages as
"His Excellency John Seymour, Capt. Gen., also Governour of the Province and Vice Admiral," August 5, 1709; of " Marylandia,
daughter of His Excellency John Hart, Governour," September, 1716; of " Madam Margaret Lasonby, aunt of His Excellency Charles Calvert, Governour," August 8, 1722.

Among the interments mentioned is also that of Capt. Ezekiel Gillis, which took place on January 9, 1749, at Mrs. Hill's, South River Neck.
This entry points to the existence of an old burial ground which so far has escaped identification by members of the Memorial Committee.

In the cemetery of St. Anne's are to be found many names familiar to the older residents of the capital, as well as to the kindred families throughout the state; such, for instance,
as Calvert, Mackubin, Randall, Steele, Murray, Maynadier, Steuart, Shaw, Nicholson, Mayo, Brewer, Harwood, Grammar and Munroe.
The oldest date is 1763. It is preserved on a slab inscribed with the initials M. & E. In point of age that of Fr. de la Landelle, a French officer, comes next.
He was born in Brittany, France, and died in 1800. A third without dates bears the names of John Kilty and William Kilty, "Brothers, and revolutionary officers" and on the
title-page of The Landholders Assistant, printed early in the nineteenth century, and appearing in nearly every gentleman's library of that day, we find the same name perpetuated.
Besides these are other ancient stones of later date: 
Osborne Ridgely, born 1742, died 1818.
Thomas Duckett, died in 1806 in his 64th year;
Miss Elizabeth Fulks, died in 1830 in her 73rd. year.
Mrs. Mary Miller, died in 1830 in her 71st. year;
Sarah Ann Terry, died August 29th, 1841 aged 68 years;
John T. Barber, Esq., died April 6th, 1822, in the 51st. year of his age.
Honorable Peter Rich, late a delegate from Caroline County, departed this life on the 30th day of January A. D. 1805.
It appears that the monument to the above was erected by the "Honourable the General Assembly of Maryland" as a testimonial of respect to the memory of the deceased.

The Bordleys lie in a family vault. Thomas, the progenitor of the family in Maryland, was attorney-general of the Province from 1715 to 1726. He was born in Yorkshire,
England, about the year 1682 and came to Annapolis about the year 1694, with an elder brother, the Rev. Stephen Bordley, who in 1697 was duly installed as second
rector of St.Paul's Parish, Kent county. Thomas studied law and was considered to be the first lawyer of his day. He married, first, Rachel Beard of Annapolis, who died in 1722.
Four of  their children lived to maturity—Stephen, William, Elizabeth and John. On September 1, 1723, he married, secondly, the Widow Frisby.
Their sons were named respectively Thomas, Matthias and John Beale, the last of whom was born in February, 1726, old style, four months after his father's death,
which occurred while on a visit to England for his health. A portrait painted by Gustavus Hesselius before he sailed,  represents him as thin and pallid and dressed in gown and
wig. Although the gift of land made by Elizabeth Bordley was conveyed to the vestry of St. Anne's parish, its old name of St. Anne's cemetery has been lost through its incorporation of late years with graveyards of other denominations. It is now more popularly known as the " City Cemetery."

Clustered about the doorway and sides of St. Anne's church, Annapolis, are to be found several ancient tombs of the tabular kind, placed there in recent years to insure
their preservation, also others erected in the year 1826, to replace the original ones that had occupied the same spot at a much earlier period. To the right is that of Maj. John
Hammond, one of the commissioners appointed in 1694 " to survey and lay out the said town into lots, streets and lanes.
" It stood formerly in a field at the head of "Hammond's Creek," an estuary of the Severn river, about three miles from Annapolis.
Amos Garrett's tomb occupies a corresponding position to the left, while those of Henry Ridgely and Nicholas Gassaway complete the number of  the first group.
The inscriptions read as follows:

Here lieth interred the body of Major General John Hammond who departed this life the twenty-fourth day of November 1707 in the sixty-fourth year of his age.

Here lieth interred the body of Mr. Amos Garrett of the City of Annapolis in Anne Arundel County of the Province of Maryland, Merchant.
Son of  Mr. James and Mrs. Sarah Garrett late of St . Olives Street, Southwark then in the Kingdom of England now a part of Great Britain
who departed this life March 8th 1707. Ætatis 56.

Here Lyeth the body of Mr. Henry Ridgely who was borne the 3rd of  October 1669 and departed this life on ye 19th day of March 1699-1700.

Here Lyeth Interred The Body of Nicholas Gassaway Son of Coll Nicholas Gassaway who Departed This Life The 10 Day of March Anno Domini 1699,
And In The 31 Year of His Age.

In the second group appear the following:

Here lies the remains of Rebecca late wife of Daniel Dulany of Annapolis and fourth daughter of Colonel Walter Smith. She faithfully and diligently
discharged her duty in all relations of Daughter and Wife, Mother, Friend and Neighbor. She was virtuous and charitable. She lived an unblemished life and died universally lamented the
18th of March 1797 Aged 40 years. (Coat of Arms.)

Sacred to the Memory of Margaret Carroll Relict of Charles Carroll and daughter of Matthew Tilghman. She was born on the 13th day of Jan. 1742 and
died on the 14th day of March A. D. 1817.

In Memory of Benjamin Tasker Jun. Esq late Secretary of Maryland Who died on the 17 Oct 1760 in the 39th year of his age.

In Memory of William Bladen Esq. Who died the 9th of August Anno Domini 1718 in the 48th year of his Age.

Here are deposited the remains of the Honourable Benjamin Tasker who departed this life the 19th of June A. D. 1768 in the 78th year of his Age,
which though of a constitution naturally weak and tender, he attained through the efficiency of an exemplary temperance. At the time of his decease
he was President of the Council a station he had occupied for thirty-two years. The offices of Agent and receiver general and judge
of the prerogative Court he successively exercised. Such were his qualities, his probity, equanimity, candor, benevolence, that no one was more respected
more beloved. So diffusive and pure his humanity, so singular the influence of his deportment that he was no one's enemy nor any one his.

These tombs are erected in the year 1826 in the place of the original ones, which have decayed, by the liberality and filial affection of Mrs. Ann Dulany
of the City of London, still longer to perpetuate the memory of those of her respected ancestors whose remains are deposited beneath them.

Helen W. Ridgely;  Historic Graves of Maryland and the District of Columbia; Edited under the Auspices of the Maryland Society of the Colonial Dames of America; Grafton Press, New York; 1908
Submitted by: Candi Horton - 2007 © Genealogy Trails
Note: [transcribers notes] (original authors notes)


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