Charles County, Maryland
Biographies


BRAWNER, Pembroke Augustine

BRENT, Joseph Lancaster

BRENT, William

CALVERT, Charles

CAMPBELL, John

CHAPMAN, Nathaniel

DENT, George



BRAWNER, Pembroke Augustine, Secretary and Treasurer of Ross-Mehan Foundry Company; born Charles County, Md., September 8, 1860; son Pembroke Augustine and Matilda (Semmes) Brawner; paternal grandfather Hezekiah Brawner, paternal grandmother Eleanor (Barton) Brawner; maternal grandfather Benedict Joseph Semmes, maternal grandmother Emily (Edelen) Semmes; English descent; graduate Mt. St. Mary's College, Cincinnati, O., Class 1879; married Arwin Clift, November 21, 1894, member Knights of Columbus, Chamber of Commerce of Chattanooga, Manufacturers' Association, Mountain City Club, Hamilton County Excise Commission, Board of Education of Chattanooga; Secretary and Treasurer of Mont. Lake Coal Mines, with home offices in Chattanooga; director Chattanooga Golf and County Clubs; Director of Chamber of Commerce and member of Board of Governors of Manufacturers' Association; Catholic; a charter member of the Society of "The Ark and the Dove," composed of the descendants of the original (1633) Maryland Colonists.
Source: Who's Who in Tennessee, Memphis: Paul & Douglass Co., Publishers, 1911; transcribed by Kim Mohler


Joseph Lancaster Brent

BRENT, Joseph Lancaster, soldier and politician: b. Charles county, Md., Nov. 20,1826; d. Baltimore, 1905. After graduation at Georgetown College, D. C., Brent went to California during the excitement about gold and was for two terms a member of the California legislature. In 1861 he enlisted in the Confederate artillery, and during 1861-62 was chief of ordnance under Gen. John B. Magruder in Virginia. During the next two years he was in Louisiana as Gen. Richard Taylor's chief of artillery. In 1863 Brent planned and executed the capture of the Federal gunboat Indicmola on the Mississippi below Vicksburg. In 1864 he was made brigadier-general, and during the remainder of the war commanded the cavalry lines extending from the Arkansas River to the Gulf. From 1865-70 he practiced law in Baltimore. From 1870-1889 he was a prominent sugar planter in Louisiana, and during his residence there served two terms in the Louisiana Agricultural Society. In 1889 he retired and returned to Baltimore.

[Source: THE SOUTH in the Building of the Nation Volume XI; Ed. by James Curtis Ballagh, Walter Lynwood Fleming & Southern Historical Publication Society; Publ. 1909; Transcribed and submitted by Andrea Stawski Pack.]


Brent, William

St. Martinsville, LA (St. Martin Parish)

Brent, William, congressman, was born in Charles Co., Md. In 1823-29, he was a representative from Louisiana to the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth congresses. He died July 7, 1848, in St. Martinsville, LA.

[Herringshaw's National Library of American Biography: Contains Thirty-five Thousand Biographies of the Acknowledged Leaders of Life and Thought of the United States, by William Herringshaw, 1909 - Transcribed by Therman Kellar]


CALVERT, CHARLES

The English proprietor of colonial Maryland, Charles Calvert, 3d Baron Baltimore (1637-1715), tried unsuccessfully to impose feudal authority on his colony in the late 17th century.

Charles Calvert was born on Aug. 27, 1637, the son of Cecilius Calvert, 2d Baron Baltimore, and Ann Arundell, daughter of a prominent Catholic aristocrat. Calvert's life is inseparable from the colony projected by his grandfather, George Calvert, and settled by his father. Maryland was unique among the American colonies for the tenacity the Calverts exhibited in upholding their proprietary claims. Inasmuch as these claims were largely based on an outmoded system of feudal privileges, deriving from a royal charter, bitter controversies arose between each proprietor and his subjects. These conflicts wracked Maryland from its inception, but they developed greatest intensity under Charles Calvert.

Calvert was appointed governor in 1661, succeeding as proprietor when his father died in 1675. He brought to the governorship an unyielding concept of authority. Although compassionate and dedicated to Maryland's welfare, Calvert judged the value of every public act against his desire to protect his proprietary interests. He was unable to embrace the opposition or to reach out beyond his relatives and Catholic friends for help in governing Maryland. There were complaints about his alleged antagonism to Protestants and the disproportion of Catholics appointed to provincial offices. In 1670 Calvert restricted the franchise and called to the assembly only half the delegates elected. He interfered with the rights of the lower house, vetoed legislative acts years after they had been passed, and appointed to the highest offices men of little ability.

There were major upheavals in 1659, 1676, and 1681, during which Calvert's proprietary authority was seriously challenged. While Calvert was in England, a revolution occurred in the colony in 1689, partly triggered by the Glorious Revolution in progress in England. When Calvert failed to promptly proclaim William and Mary as the new rulers of England, insurgents in the Maryland colony, fed by fear of the Catholics and of Indian marauders, took over the government. Instead of giving power back to the proprietor, the new English monarchs accepted only Lord Baltimore's claim over the land and sent a royal governor to oversee the colony. Calvert spent the rest of his life in England trying unsuccessfully to regain political control of Maryland. He died in 1715. The Calverts secured limited political authority in the province under the 5th Baron Baltimore, who had been raised as a Protestant, but the full proprietary power under the old charter was never restored.

 


CAMPBELL, JOHN (1765—1828)

Contributed by A. Newell

CAMPBELL, John, a Representative from Maryland; born near Port Tobacco, Charles County, Md., September 11, 1765; studied law; was admitted to the bar and practiced; held several local offices; member of the State senate for three years; elected as a Federalist to the Seventh and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1801-March 3, 1811); judge of the orphans’ court of Charles County; died at "Charleston" farm, Charles County, Md., June 23, 1828; interment in the private burying ground on the estate of Daniel Jenifer.
[Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present]


CHAPMAN, Nathaniel

Nathaniel Chapman, born in 1695, son of Jonathan, settled in Charles County, Maryland, where he established an extensive plantation, upon which he resided during the remainder of his life. As his father had done before him, the son engaged in the culture of tobacco, and acquired a considerable fortune for that period. Besides his estate in Charles County, he also owned extensive tracts of land in Stafford, Prince William, Fauquier and Fairfax Counties, Virginia.
[Source: "Genealogy: A Journal of American Ancestry", Volumes 6-7, 1916-1917; Edited by William Montgomery Clemens, 1916-1917 ]


 
DENT, George, a Representative from Maryland; born on his father's estate, "Windsor Castle," on the Mattawoman, Charles County, Md., in 1756; completed preparatory studies; during the Revolutionary War served as first lieutenant of militia of Charles and St. Mary's Counties under Capt. Thomas H. Marshall, and as first lieutenant in the Third Battalion of the Flying Camp Regular Troops of Maryland in 1776; captain in the Twenty-sixth Battalion, Maryland Militia, in 1778; member of the Maryland House of Assembly 1782-1790, serving as speaker pro tempore in 1788 and as speaker in 1789 and 1790; justice of the Charles County Court in 1791 and 1792; member of the State senate in 1791 and 1792, serving as president during the latter year until his resignation on December 21, 1792; elected as a Pro-Administration candidate to the Third Congress and reelected as a Federalist to the Fourth through Sixth Congresses (March 4, 1793-March 3, 1801); chairman, Committee on Elections (Sixth Congress); Speaker pro tempore of the House at various times from 1797 to 1799; appointed by President Jefferson as United States marshal of the District Court for the Potomac District at Washington, D.C., April 4, 1801; moved to Georgia in 1802 and settled about twelve miles from Augusta, where he died December 2, 1813; interment on his plantation.
-- Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-Present; transcribed by A. Newell.

 


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