MA 3

A Brief History of the Commander-in-Chief's Guards
by Donald N. Moran

Dedicated to George Washington and the men of the Commander-in-Chief's Guard who protected him. 

With the fortification of Dorchester Heights on March 4th, 1776, the eleven month stalemate around the besieged City of Boston was at an end.  General George Washington, commanding the American Army, knew that the British, under the command of Lieutenant General, Sir William Howe, had but two choices - risk another costly battle, probably with more casualties then he suffered during the attack on Breed's Hill (Bunker Hill), and possibly be driven out of Boston, or endure the humiliation of an evacuation.  If Howe choose the later, with a force of 11,000 troops and 150 ships, he was certain to not abandon North America, but rather invade the Country elsewhere.

While Howe was considering his options, George Washington was planning for the campaign he knew was about to start.  He had already sent Major General Charles Lee, his second in command, to raise troops to defend New York City, the likely target of Howe's next move.  New York City controlled the Hudson, or North River, and that River was the key to the continent.

At the same time Washington realized that the entire complexion of the War was about to change.  No longer would he be commanding an army maintaining a static siege line, but a mobile army, marching to meet the next British threat.  With movement came additional dangers - there were a number of Tories spread over the countryside that were determined to assist the British and of course there was the British Army itself.  Therefore, a surprise raid on his headquarters was a serious possibility.  To counter that possibility Washington decided to form a personal guard.

On March 11th Washington issued the following orders:

"Head-Quarters, Cambridge March 11, 1776

The General is desirous of selecting a particular number of men as a guard for himself and baggage.  The Colonel or Commanding Officer of each of the established regiments, the artillery and riflemen excepted, will furnish him with four, that the number of wanted may be chosen out of them.  His Excellency depends upon the Colonels for good men, such as they can recommend for their sobriety, honesty and good behavior.  He wishes them to be from five feet eight inches to five feet ten inches, handsomely and well made, and as there is nothing in his eyes more desirable than cleanliness in a soldier, he desires that particular attention be made in the choice of such men as are clean and spruce.  They are to be at headquarters tomorrow precisely at 12 o'clock at noon, when the number wanted will be fixed upon.  The General neither wants them with uniforms nor arms, nor does he desire any man to be sent to him that is not perfectly willing or desirous of being in this Guard. - They should be drilled men."

The next morning Washington selected Captain Caleb Gibbs of the 14th Massachusetts Continental Regiment to command the Guard and George Lewis, his nephew, as the Lieutenant. He entrusted them with the details of organizing the unit.

The Commander-in-Chief's Guard, officially designated "His Excellency's Guard," or "The General's Guard," was popularly called by the soldiers "The Life Guards, "The Washington Life Guards," or "Washington Body Guard."  On April 15th, 1777 Congress decreed that these appellations were improper and ordered the practice stopped.  Gibb's frequently signed his correspondence as "Commandant C-in-C Guards," while Washington referred to them as "My Guards."

Unfortunately, the first detailed account of the C-in-C Guards involved a plot to assassinate General Washington.  Briefly, on May 24th, 1776, The C-in-C Guards set up camp near Richmond Hill on Manhattan Island.  Anticipating Washington's arrival, a group of New York Tories (Loyalists to the British Crown) formed a secret organization on May 13th.  Their primary objective was the assassination of George Washington.  The plot was uncovered and the Provincial Congress took immediate action.  Several Tories, including the City's Mayor, David Matthews, were arrested.  Simultaneously, Washington, with Captain Gibbs and a party of hand-picked men arrested some forty alleged conspirators.  Among them were C-in-C Guards Sergeant Thomas Hickey; Drummer William Green; Fifer James Johnson; Privates John Barnes and Michael Lynch.

At the Court Martial the testimony given was enough to send Hickey to the gallows.  Hickey was Irish born, but had deserted from the British Army and enlisted in the Guard.  He was hanged on June 28th in front of an estimated 20,000 spectators.

It is ironic that the first American soldier to be executed in the Continental Army was a member of the C-in-C Guards.  The fate of the other four members of the Guard is unclear; there is no record of any further hangings.

The strength of the Guard at this time was about 50 men.  They accompanied Washington to White Plains and participated in the battle fought there on October 28th, taking up their position on Chatterton Hill.  The following day the entire Army retreated to New Jersey.

With their terms of enlistment up, Washington gave twenty of the Guards their discharges on the condition they would reenlist in the troop of cavalry being raised by Lieutenant Lewis, who had been detached from the Guard for that purpose.

The balance of the Guard participated in the capture of the Hessian Garrison at Trenton, New Jersey on the day after Christmas.  During this hard fought victory, the Guard, although, small, distinguished themselves.  We can find no record of what exactly transpired, we do know the Captain Gibbs was offered a Regimental Command immediately after the battle as a reward for his actions.

The men of the C-in-C Guards enlistment expired on December 31st, 1776, but they agreed, to a man, to serve for an additional six weeks at the personal request of Washington.  As a result they participated in the Battle of Princeton.

On January 6th, 1777, the Army reached winter quarters at Morristown, New Jersey.  General Washington established his headquarters at the tavern owned by Captain Jacob Arnold of the New Jersey Militia.  We do not know when the remaining members of the C-in-C Guard were finally discharged, however, a receipt for a musket returned by Private Samuel Reid of the Guard is dated February 10th - probably the approximate date of the departure of the first members of the Guard.

With most of the old C-in-C Guard gone, their enlistment's expired, except for a few loyal volunteers, General Washington set about establishing a new one.

On April 22nd, 1777, General Washington wrote Captain Gibbs, who was on leave in Philadelphia, regarding the acquisition of new uniforms and arms for the men who were forming the "new" Guard.

"22 April 1777 Headquarters
Capt. Caleb Gibbs,

Dear Sir;

I forgot before you left this place to desire you to provide clothing for the men that are to compose my Guard, but now desire that you will apply to the Clothier-General, and have them forwarded to this place, or headquarters as soon as possible.

Provide for four Sergeants, four Corporals, a drum and fife, and fifty rank and file.  If blue and buff can be had, I should prefer that uniform, as it is the one I wear myself, if it cannot, Mr. Mease and you may fix upon any other, red excepted

George Washington"

Gibbs was successful in securing blue and buff uniforms, but contrary to General Washington's expressed orders, Gibbs, for some unknown reason, probably the lack of an alternative, chose red waistcoats (vests).  These waistcoats became symbolic of the C-in-C Guard for the duration of the war.  He also procured leather helmets with a bear skin crest, in lieu of the traditional tricorn hats.  These apparently were captured by a privateer and were bound for the British 17th Dragoons.  He had the red cloth binding removed and replaced with medium blue, and a white plume, tipped in blue placed on the left side.  This unique headgear was to add to the distinctive appearance of the Guard.  In 18 century armies, each regiment had individual buttons, for the most part made of pewter.  Generally these buttons contained the Regiment's designated number.  But, the C-in-C Guards did not have a number.  Gibbs decided on a new cipher for the Guards - "USA."  As far as is known, the C-in-C Guard were the first unit to use this cipher, which is still used today.

Six days later General Washington requested men from several of the Virginia Regiments.  He expressly requested that "none but native soldiers be furnished him", obviously remembering the treacherous foreign elements of the first Guard.

         1777 Uniform

The men were also issued the traditional hunting shirt, common to the whole Army, and tricorn hats.  These were to be worn while on fatigue duty.  However, there are ample surviving records that show the men preferred their 'special' helmets, and consistently wore them.

The Guards moved with the army, protecting the person of the Commander-in-Chief, the headquarters staff, and the army's records throughout the rest of 1777.  No record of there being any casualties among the members of the Guard at either the battles of Brandywine or Germantown leads us to believe that they did not actively participate in these engagements.  Lieutenant Lewis was successful in raising a troop of calvary.  On May 1st, now a Captain, Lewis and his troop were designated the Third Regiment and were assigned to the Commander-in-Chief's Guards.  They served in that capacity until September 26th, 1778.  The Cavalry uniform consisted of a white regimental coat, faced with medium blue, medium blue waistcoats and white breeches.  Two silver buttons were on each cuff and six buttons, arranged two-by-two on each of their lapels.  This distinctive uniform was set off with a black leather helmet, bound with red, and fox tail for a crest.

The C-in-C Guards along with the entire Army arrived at Valley Forge on December 18th, 1777, and set up winter camp.  The Guard was posted behind the Isaac Potts House, which General Washington selected for his Headquarters.  Today there are excellent reproductions of the Guard's huts built on the exact site of the originals.

In March of 1778, at the request of newly appointed Inspector General, the Baron Frederick von Steuben, the Guard was to enter a new era.  It would emerge as the model for and the pride of the "new" Army.  Von Stueben selected the Guard to be his demonstration company for the new American Drill.  After personally training the men of the Guard, they were sent throughout the entire Continental Army training each and every regiment.  Not only did this new drill convert the ragtag Continentals into an effective fighting force, but it established the Commander-in-Chief's Guards as the elite unit of the Army.

The first record of the Commander-in-Chief's Guards having their own unit banner is mentioned at Valley Forge, along with General Washington using his personal Headquarters Flag.  The Commander-in-Chief's Guards flag is depicted below:
  The size of the Guard was increased on March 1, 1778.  In addition to Captain Caleb Gibbs, who remained Commandant, Lieutenant Henry Philip Livingston was selected to permanently replace Lieutenant George Lewis.  1st Lieutenant Benjamin Grymes of Grayson's Continental Regiment, 2nd Lieutenant William Colfax of the 1st Connecticut Regiment, and Surgeon Samuel Hanson, son of Continental Congress President John Hanson, were assigned to the Guard.  The rank and file included four Sergeants and three Corporals, two drummers, a fifer and 136 privates.  Under the watchful eye of General von Stueben, these men were trained to rival the best in Europe.  In a General Order issued May 16th, 1778, the Guard was not to pay any honors except to the Commander-in-Chief.  The records do not explain why this action was necessary, but obviously it was important enough to address in the General Orders.

Today we think of a headquarters detachment as a collection of clerical types, usually noncombatants.  Such was not the case of the C-in-C Guards.  General Washington frequently employed them as light infantry.  In May of 1778 Washington attached Gibbs and 100 Guards to the force led by Major General, the Marquis de Lafayette.  The combined force numbered 2,400 men.  Their primary mission was to gather intelligence on the British positions around Philadelphia.  Several severe skirmishes resulted, and the Guard proved their worth in the line of battle.

With the defeat and loss of the entire British Northern Army commanded by General John Burgoyne at the Battle of Saratoga, General Howe felt he did not have sufficient forces necessary to keep either New York City or Philadelphia from being overwhelmed by the Americans.  He simply couldn't defend both cities.  He, therefore, ordered Philadelphia evacuated.  Howe elected to march across New Jersey to New York City.  Washington ordered the entire Continental Army at Valley Forge to pursue, overtake and defeat the rear guard and 1,500 wagon baggage train of the retreating British.  On June 23rd, Washington ordered Colonel Daniel Morgan "to take the most effectual means of gaining the enemy's right flank and giving them as much annoyance as possible in that quarter."  General Washington ordered Captain Gibbs and eighty men of the Guard to support Morgan's riflemen.

A detachment of Morgan's riflemen and the C-in-C Guards, under joint command of Captain Gabriel Long of the "Rifles" and Captain Gibbs of the Guards encountered a unit of British Grenadiers near Squaw Creek.  The Guards attacked, killing and wounding severa1 and taking 39 prisoners.  Hearing the musket fire, a large force of British Light Infantry attempted the rescue of their captured comrades.  A pursuit through the swamp ensued, but the British were unable to catch the Americans.  Arriving back at Colonel Morgan's position, prisoner's still in tow, it was recorded in a private soldier's journal:  . . . ." the elegant Life Guards had been splattered with mud as they dashed through the swamps and then Morgan indulged himself in a stentorian laugh that make the woodlands ring."

A few days later, General Charles Lee commanding the vanguard of the American Army, ordered a retreat at the first signs of battle. General Washington arrived with the rest of the Army, and by shear weight of his presence rallied the retreating Continentals.  To do so, he was riding up and down in front of the line of battle that was being formed.  The British Army was closing fast, and the General was between the two antagonistic forces.  Fearing for his safety, his Aides-de-camp and Captain Gibbs rode through the American lines to make General Washington retire to the rear.

The advancing British regulars were discharging volley after volley as they approached.  Lt. Colonel Alexander was the first to fall, severely injuring his leg as his horse was shot out from under him;  next came Lt. Colonel John Fitzgerald, with a musket ball to his shoulder;  Lt. Col. Richard Meade, went down, his black mare shot out from under him and in the spill rolled over him causing a painful injury;  then Captain Caleb Gibbs, as his horse was shot dead;  lastly was Lt. Colonel John Laurens, whose father was President of the Continental Congress, went down with what proved to be a minor wound.  General Washington personally supervised the soldiers that helped his entire staff to safety - as for General Washington - not a scratch.  To their credit none of these wounded, battered and bruised officers left the field of battle!

The Guards were involved in some of the heaviest fighting that day, and unfortunately sustained casualties.  Among them Sergeant John Wilson was wounded in the right arm.  The good Sergeant tried to stay with the Guard but by December it was clear that his arm would not properly heal and was discharged.

For a full year following the Battle of Monmouth Court House, the Guards and the Army stood ready for the assault on New York City - that attack never came.  We were never strong enough to successfully attack the well defended city.

On December 4th, 1779 the Army arrived at Morristown, New Jersey for their winter camp. General Washington selected the stately home of Mrs. Jacob Ford, the widow of Colonel Jacob Ford, as his headquarters.  The Guard set up its winter camp in the meadow southeast of the mansion. Today, that site is marked by a simple plaque.  The winter of 1779 proved to be the severest in the memory of anyone living at the time; accordingly, the season passed relatively uneventfully, as everyone was "snowed in."

On June 7th General Washington received intelligence that a large expeditionary force led by Hessian General the Baron Wilheim Knyphausen, had crossed from Staten Island to Elizabeth, New Jersey and was proceeding inland. Washington ordered the whole of the Continental Army to march and meet the challenge.

The local New Jersey Militia had been fighting an effective delaying action all the way to Connecticut Farms, near Springfield.  The dreaded Hessian "Jaegers" were making headway against the stubborn American defenses.  As the Continentals approached, Washington ordered Gibbs, now a Major, and the Rhode Island Regiment forward to form a line of defense and to hold until the main army could get into position.  Gibbs moved forward with the entire 152 man C-in-C Guards.  Smartly uniformed and well disciplined, they formed their line of battle, concealed by the smoke of the battle.  Gibbs waited until the Hessians were right on top of them and launched a bayonet charge.  The Hessians immediately broke.  They had been fighting militia and the last thing they expected was to encounter "regulars" and bayonets.  The Guards then delivered eight volleys into the fleeing Hessian.  The mark of the Hessian advance into New Jersey was the position held by the Commander-in-Chief's Guards!

When the charging Guards erupted through the smoke of battle, what General Knyphausen saw was soldiers as well uniformed and trained as any in Europe.

Unfortunately, the Guards suffered causalities.  Jacob Ford, Jr. son of the late Colonel, received two musket balls through the thigh.   Private Solomon Daley, Stephen Hetfield and William Jones were slightly wounded.  Sergeant John Slocum received a musket ball in the knee.  Later that day his leg was amputated.

Arriving back at headquarters the next morning, Gibbs reported to General Washington: "I had the happiness to give the Hessian lads a charge just before sunset and drive them thoroughly.  We gave them after they gave way about eight rounds."  As a result of the Battles of Monmouth Court House and Connecticut Farms, Sir William Howe was reluctant to confront Washington's Army.  He turned his attention to the Southern States and holding onto New York City.

The situation in New York City was not good.  Almost all supplies had to be brought from England.  One report stated that there was not a single tree standing on Manhattan Island, as all had been chopped down for fortification or firewood.  It was necessary for the British to launch large scale forging parties into the "no-mans land."

On July 3rd 1781, General Washington, accompanied by an escort of fifty Guards was reconnoitering the British fortifications near king's Bridge.  They encountered one of the British forging parties, consisting of 1,500 men!  The British immediately attacked.  The Guards made a stand at the bridge and were determined to hold until General Washington was safely back to the American lines.  The bridge, just ten feet wide, prohibited the overwhelming or the flanking of the small, but determined Guardsmen.  The battle for the bridge was ferocious.  Braving volley after volley from the Guardsmen, the British charged with bayonets and were met by bayonets and forced back with heavy losses.  It became painfully clear to the British that they would endure severe casualties and the most they could attain was a limited objective.  When American Reinforcements came into view, the British broke off the action.

Lieutenant Levi Holden was in command of the Guards that fateful day and on the 11th of that month filed his official report.  Unfortunately he did not write the descriptive accounts as did Major Gibbs. His report simply read:

"11 July 1781

To Captain Pemberton:

Returned of killed, wounded and missing of His Excellency's Guard in them late skirmish at King's Bridge.  One Lieutenant and one sergeant wounded; fourteen rank and file wounded, one missing and three of the wounded since dead.

Levi Holden, Captain, C-in-C Guards"

From the surviving reports on the wounded, recounted in the attached roster of men who served in the Guard, the injuries conjure up an image of close combat with bayonets being much employed.

On August 14th, General Washington and the majority of the Northern Army left the Hudson Highlands and marched toward Yorktown, Virginia.  They arrived there on September 28th, and started the siege.

On October 14th, General Washington assigned the Marquis Lafayette's Division of Light Infantry to assault the two key defensive positions of Lord Cornwallis' line, fortification number 10.  The French would simultaneously assault fortification number 9.  If these fortifications could be overtaken, Cornwallis' position would be hopeless.  A night attack, bayonets only' was ordered.  Colonel Alexander Hamilton, formerly an Aide-de-Camp to General Washington, would lead the assault on fortification number 10.  Lt. Colonel John Laurens, also an Aide-de-Camp, would lead a party to maneuver behind the fortification and cut off any possibility of retreat.

No surviving record tells us that the Commander-in-Chief's Guard was selected to 'go in with the Light Infantry' however, the causalities lists show members of the Guard as having been wounded at Yorktown.  Major Gibbs received a slight musket ball wound to his ankle and one of the Guardsmen, a sabre cut to his face, and two other men "wounded."  Fortification number 10 was the only hand-to-hand combat experienced by the American Army at Yorktown, therefore we can safely concluded the Guard was there - participating in the final assault. That victorious night assault forced Cornwallis to surrender - directly leading to ending the war and American Independence.

Following the surrender of Lieutenant General, Lord Charles Cornwallis at Yorktown, Washington and the Army returned to the Hudson Highlands, arriving at Newburgh on March 22nd, 1782.  There they spent the remaining two years of the war containing the British in New York City, but ever on guard in case the British, now Commanded by Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton, elected to dispute control of North America.

With the peace negotiations concluded and the Treaty of Paris awaiting ratification, Congress on, May 26th, 1783, instructed General Washington to grant furloughs to non-commissioned officers, enlisted men and a proportionate number of officers, including the Commander-in-Chief's Guards.  Washington issued the General Orders on June 2 and on June 6th, the entire Guard was furloughed.

From that date forward the men of the Commander-in-Chief's Guard were furnished by the various Regiments stationed in and around Newburgh.  Lieutenant William Colfax, who had served in the Guard since Valley Forge and Commanded the Guard since Caleb Gibbs was promoted to Brevet Lt. Colonel and transferred to the 2nd Massachusetts Regiment of the Continental Line.  Colfax was later replaced by Captain Bezaleel Howe, of the New Hampshire Battalion, who was destined to command the Guard on it's last mission.

"Rocky Hill
November 9th, 1783 Instructions to Capt. Howe, Sir;

You will take charge of the Wagons which contain my baggage, and with the escort proceed with them to Virginia, and deliver the baggage at my house, ten miles below Alexandria. . . .

George Washington"

The letter went on to detail instructions and was three pages long.  Twelve Guardsmen were assigned to protect the Commander-in-Chief's six wagons of baggage.  It should be noted that much of the materials being transported were the official records of eight years of war!

The Guard delivered everything, without incident on December 20th, 1782.  And with this act, the famed Commander-in-Chief's Guards were committed to history.

Some years after the war, George Washington Park Curtis, Washington's adopted son, was to recall the delivery to Mount Vernon and also remembered that ". . .the Guard was wearing a blue coat with white facings, white waistcoats and breeches, black stock and black half gaiters, and a round hat with blue and white feathers."  He was describing the uniform of the New England Continental Line.  The men assigned to this detail were from a New Hampshire Regiment temporarily transferred to the C-in-C Guards.  This understandable error has caused considerable confusion regarding the uniform of the Guards.  What is unclear is the "round hat," which was a term used to describe the leather helmets.  In the 18th century a helmet was defined to be made of metal.  Is it possible that when assigned to the C-in-C Guards the men were issued the famed C-in-C helmet to distinguish them and their special assignment?

It is very unfortunate that so many records of the American Revolution have been lost or destroyed.  Major Gibbs realized the importance of protecting these records.  With General Washington's permission, he gathered up the records of the C-in-C Guard, carefully placed them in a trunk, given to him by General Washington for this purpose.

When Gibbs finally left the Army, on June 20th, 1784 he took the trunk with him.  He stored the records at the Charlestown Navy Yard, where he was employed after the war, only to see them destroyed in a fire 31 years later.

Among the records lost in that 1815 fire, were the muster rolls of the C-in-C Guards.  A few copies of monthly returns have been found, but the vast majority of these irreplaceable documents are lost forever.

CLICK HERE to see a list of the known men who served in the Guard and the known "Muster Roll Returns, " which was gleaned from every possible source.  This list is far from complete, but is the most comprehensive known to exist.
                   List - Part 1 of 7 Parts

          The Commander-In-Chief's Guard

Subject: List of known Guards of George Washington

Name not known - Private - 1764 - 1806 - Service 1783 - 1780   1st New Hampshire Regiment

Asa Adams        Private - 1757 - 1828 - Service 1778 - 1780   2nd Connecticut Regt.

George Albin     Private - 1758 - 1840 - Service 1777 - 1778   8th Virginia Regt.

Thomas Allen     Private    ?      ?   - Service 1777 - 1780   15th Virginia Regt.

Richard Alling   Private    ?      ?   - Service 1779 - 1780   Apptd to Guards,Deserted 1780

Stephen Ames     Private   1762 = 1825 - Service 1783 - 1780   2nd New Hampshire Regt

John Arnold      Sgt.       ?      ?   - Service 1777 - 1783   5th Pennsylvania Regt

David Ashby      Private    ?      ?   - Service 1777 - 1777   Virginia Continental Line

Samuel Bailey    Private   1756-1815   - Service 1780 - 1783   2nd New Jersey Regt.

Amos Baker       Private   1764-1806   - Service 1783 - 1783   1st New Hampshire Regt.

Andrew Baker     Private   1756-1781   - Service 1778 - 1781   2nd CT Regt Killed in Action

Benjamin Barham  Private   1754-1822   - Service 1777 - 1778   4th Virginia Regt.

John Barnes      Private   1776-1776   Arrested for treason in New York, Jailed, no details

John Barton      Private   1759-1795   - Service 1779 - 1783   14th Massachusetts Regt.

William Batchelder Pvt     1765-1840   - Service 1783-1793     2nd New Hampshire Regt.

John Bell        Private    ?    ?     - Service 1777-1779     Virginia Continental Line

Asa Benjamin     Private   1753-1825   - Service 1777-1779     9th Massachusetts Regt.

Rufus Bennett    Private   1758-1842           ----            Penn. Pension Records

John Berry       Private   1757-1823   = Service 1778-1778     3d Penn. Deserted June 1778.

Nathaniel Berry  Private   1755-1850   - Service 1778-1780     14th Massachusetts

James Blair      Private   1763-1783   - Service 1783-1783     2nd New Hampshire Regt.

Robert Blair     Private   1762-1841   - Service 1778-1783     2nd New Jersey Regt.

Thomas Blair     Private   1757-1833   - Service 1778-1779     8th Pennsylvania Regt.

Samuel Bliss     Sgt.       ?    ?     - Service 1780-1780 No details,deserted June 7, 1780

John Blundin     Private   1747-1829   - Service 1776-1779     26th Massachusetts Regt.

John Bodine      Private   1744-1822   - Service 1782-1783     12th Virginia Regt.

Benjamin Bonnel  Private    ?    ?     - Service 1782-1783     1st New Jersey Regt.

Mills Bourn      Private    ?    ?     - Service 1777-1780     Virginia Continental Line

William Boyd     Private   1754-1828   - Service 1778-1779     1st Co. Maryland Rifles.

Nathaniel Brackett  Pvt.    ?    ?     - Service 1777-1777 Enlisted into Guards - no details

James Bradley    Private    ?    ?     - Service 1778-1779     1st No. Carolina Regt.

James Brooks     Private   1758-1832   - Service 1778-1780     2nd Connecticut Regt.

Davis Brown      Sgt.      1756- ?     - Service 1778-1783     2nd Rhode Island Regt.

Ebenezer Brown   Private   1751-1847   - Service 1778-1780     5th Connecticut Regt.

Elias Brown      Fifer     1758-1843   - Service 1778-1783     5th Connecticut Regt.

Jedediah Brown   Private   1754-1827   - Service 1780-1783  4th Conn. Regt, wounded Yorktown

Moses Brown      Private     ?   ?     - Service 1778-1778     No details

Zacharia Brown   Private     ?   ?     - Service 1778-1778     No details

____  Bullard    Private     ?   ?     - Service 1783-1783     New Hampshire Line

John Bush        Private   1756 - ?    - Service 1779-1783     Massachusetts Line

Lewis Campbell   Private    ?     ?    - Service 1778-1784-4th New Jersey wounded Kings Brdg

Ebenezer Carleton   Pvt    1754-1836   - Service 1778-1783     3rd New Hampshire Regt.

Timothy Carleton    Pvt    1753-1825   - Service 1778-1780     15th Massachusetts Regt.

Michael Caswell     Pvt     ?    ?     - Service 1777-1779     3rd Reg. Cont Dragoon, &
                                                               7th Massachusetts Regt.

Oliver Chapin       Pvt    1759-1811   - Service 1776-1779     5th Massachusetts Regt.

Nathaniel Chapman   Pvt    1759-1819   - Service 1777-1780     23rd Massachusetts Regt.

Jonathan Chenoweth  Pvt    1757-1834   - Service 1777-1777     VA Continental Line

Ralph Chinn Christian Pvt  1754-1828   - Service 1777-1782     5th VA Regt. wounded

Benjamin Church     Pvt     ?    ?     - Service 1776-1777      12th Massachusetts Regt.

____ Clements       Sgt.    ?    ?     - Service 1776-1776-Court Martialed, neglect of
                                                                  Duty - Rejoined Regiment.

John Coffin         Pvt    1757- ?     - Service  1777-1779     12th Massachusetts Regt.

Lemuel Coffin       Pvt    1755- ?     - Service  1776-1779     17th Mass. Reg & 3d
                                                                 Continental Dragoons

John Cole           Pvt    1752-1820   - Service  1778-1783     Col. Samuel Drake's Regt.,
                                                                 New York Militia

Martin Cole         Sgt.   1758-1825   - Service 1777-1783      1st No. Carolina Regt.

William Colfax      Lieut. 1756-1839   - Service 1778-1815      1st CT Regt. served 40 yrs.
                                                                in the Army.

William Condel      Pvt.     ?   ?     - Service 1778-1780      10th Massachusetts Regt.

____ Connor         Pvt.     ?   ?     - Service 1783-1783      New Hampshire Cont. Line

Daniel Cook         Pvt.   1757-1831   - Service 1778-1779      2nd N.H. Reg. Deserted July,
                                                                14, 1779.

Wilmer Cooper       Pvt.     ?   ?     - Service 1777-1779      15th Virginia Regt.

William Coram       Sgt.     ?   ?     - Service 1777-1783      Virginia Continental Line.

Ebenezer Coston     Pvt.   1765-1812   - Service 1783-1783      1st New Hampshire Regt.

James Craig         Pvt.     ?   ?     - Service 1780-1782      5th Pennsylvania Regt.

Samuel Craig        Pvt.     ?   ?     - Service 1780-1782      5th Pennsylvania Regt.

Ebenezer Crosby  Surgeon   1753-1788   - Service 1779-1781  Cambridge Army Hospital, Mass.

Joel Crosby         Pvt.   1763-1833   - Service 1781-1783  6th Massachusetts Regt.

Aaron Crumbie       Pvt.   1753-1818   - Service 1776-1783  7th Massachusetts Regt.

                            LIST PART 2

            The Commander-In-Chief's Guard

Subject: List of known Guards of George Washington

Hugh Cull          Pvt.     ?    ?      - Service 1780-1783   6th Pennsylvania Regt.

Nath'l Cunningham  Sgt.   1754-1832     - Service 1778-1779   1st Virginia Regt.

Abraham Currier    Pvt.   1764-1825     - Service 1783-1783   1st New Hampshire Regt.

Moses Cutter      Corp.   1760-1816     - Service 1783-1783   1st New Hampshire Regt.

James Dady         Pvt.    ?    ?       - Service 1777-1783   4th Connecticut Regt.

Solomon Daley      Pvt    1754- ?       - Service 1778-1783   2nd R.I. Regt - wounded at
                                                              Kings Bridge.

William Darrah     Pvt.    ?    ?       - Service 1776-1781   Col. Timothy Bedel's New
                                                              Hampshire Rangers

Isaac Davenport    Pvt.   1756- ?       - Service 1777-1778   36th Mass. Regt. Killed in
                                                              action at Tappan.

Joseph Davis       Pvt.   1763-1820     - Service 1783-1783   2nd N.H. Reg. Deserted Oct. 22

John Daws          Pvt.     ?   ?       - Service 1777-1779   14th Virginia Regt.

William Day        Pvt.     ?   ?       - Service 1777-1777   VA. Continental Line

Levi Dean          Pvt.     ?   ?       - Service 1778-1783   1st Connecticut Regt.

Joseph Delano      Pvt.   1755-1781     - Service 1778-1780   2nd Massachusetts Regt.

John Dent          Corp.  1757-1808     - Service 1779-1783   3rd Maryland Regt. Lost eye
                                                              King's Bridge.

Henry Desperate    Pvt.     ?   ?       - Service 1778-1781   6th Penn. Regt. Deserted on
                                                              March 22, 1782.

Philip Disclow     Pvt.     ?   ?       - Service 1777- ?     3d Regt. Continental Dragoons

Antipas Dodge      Pvt.   1760- ?       - Service 1778-1780   6th MA Regt. Deserted on Feb.
                                                              8th, 1780.

John Dowther       Pvt.     ?   ?       - Service 1778-1783   1st Pennsylvania Regt.

Charles Dougherty  Pvt.     ?   ?       - Service 1783-1783   1st New Jersey Regt.

George Dougherty   Pvt.     ?   ?       - Service 1778-1780   9th Pennsylvania Regt.

James Dougherty    Pvt.   1759-1849     - Service 1778-1783   12th Penn. Regt. Deserted Feb
                                                              1, 1783.

Cornelius Drake    Sgt.     ?   ?       - Service 1778-1778   2nd No. Carolina Regt.

Jeremiah Driskel   Pvt.     ?   ?       - Service 1779-1783   4th Massachusetts Regt.

John Druce         Pvt.     ?   ?       - Service 1777-1777   3rd Reg. Cont. Dragoons.

William Dunn       Pvt.     ?   ?       - Service 1777-1779   3rd Reg. Cont. Dragoons.

Levi Dunton        Pvt.  1756-1827      - Service 1778-1779   15th Mass. Regt. Deserted on
                                                              July 4, 1779.

Daniel Dyer        Pvt.     ?   ?       - Service 1778-1780   31st Massachusetts Regt.

Robert Eakin       Pvt.   ?    ?        - Service 1780-1782   6th Penn. Regt. Deserted on
                                                              Feb 10, 1782.
Henry Eastman      Pvt.   ?    ?        - Service 1783-1783   3rd New Hampshire Regt.

_____ Eaton        Pvt    ?    ?        - Service 1783-1783   N.H. Cont. Line.

                            LIST PART 3.

                  The Commander-In-Chief's Guard

Subject: List of known Guards of George Washington

Benjamin Eaton    Pvt.  1758-1843        - Service 1780-1783  4th New Jersey Regt. also
                                                              War of 1812.

Ephraim Eddy      Corp. 1759-1841        - Service 1778-1782  14th Massachusetts Regt.

John Edge         Pvt.  1753-1830        - Service 1777-1780  10th Virginia Regt.

Bildad Edwards    Sgt.   ?     ?         - Service 1778-1780  1st Connecticut Regt.

Clayborne Elder   Pvt.   ?     ?         - Service 1777-1777  6th Virginia Regt.

David Emery       Pvt.  1754-1830        - Service 1778-1780  16th Massachusetts Regt.

John English      Pvt.   ?     ?         - Service 1777-1777  Virginia Continental Line.

Jacob Erwin       Pvt.   ?     ?         - Service 1778-1781  9th Pennsylvania Regt.

Eliphalet Everett  Pvt. 1757-1815        - Service 1778-1780  7th Connecticut Regt.

Laban Fairbanks    Pvt. 1755-1799        - Service 1778-1780  2nd Massachusetts Regt.

George Farmer      Pvt. 1761-1793        - Service 1778-1781  4th New Jersey Regt.

John Fenton    Drummer  1752-1839        - Service 1781-1782  2nd New Jersey Regt.

William Ferguson   Pvt. 1762-1826        - Service 1783-1783  2nd New Hampshire Regt.

John Finch         Pvt.  ?    ?          - Service 1782-1783  Penn. Cont'l Line.

Robert Finley      Pvt.  ?    ?          - Service 1780-1783  2nd Penn. Regt.

George Fischer     Pvt. 1758-1820        - Service 1782-1783  3rd Penn. Regt.

Elijah Fisher      Pvt. 1758-1842        - Service 1778-1780  4th Mass. Regt. (Kept  a
                                                              Diary on the Guards.)

                        Part 4

           The Commander-In-Chief's Guard

Subject: List of known Guards of George Washington

Lewis Flemister    Sgt. 1748-1803        - Service 1777-1783  7th Virginia Regt.

Joshua Forbes     Corp.  ?    ?          - Service 1778-1779  7th No. Carolina Regt.

Thomas Forrest     Pvt.  ?    ?          - Service 1783-1783  4th Regt Continental Artill'y

Adam Foutz         Pvt.  ?    ?          - Service 1782-1783  2nd Pennsylvania Regt.

James Frazier      Sgt.  ?    ?          - Service 1778-1783  3rd Pennsylvania Regt.

Theophilus Frink   Drummer ?  ?          - Service 1780-1782  1st CT Regt.Deserted May 20,

Carswell Gardner*   Sgt.  1755-1840       - Service 1776-1779  21st Massachusetts Regt.
I have his biography & military history - on request - Janice Farnsworth

William Garrett     Pvt.   ?    ?         - Service 1777-1779  3rd Regt. Continental

Charles Gavet       Pvt.   ?    ?         - Service 1778-1779  3rd Regt. Cont. Dragoons

Caleb Gibbs      Major    1748-1818       - Service 1776-1781  23rd Mass. Regt. Wounded
                                                               at Yorktown.

William Gilbert     Pvt.   ?    ?         - Service 1778-1780  2nd Massachusetts Regt.

William Gill        Pvt.  1761-1816       - Service 1777-1781  4th Virginia Regt.

Thomas Gillen       Pvt.  1757-1831       - Service 1780-1783  5th Maryland Regt.

Jared Goodrich    Fifer   1760-1833       - Service 1779-1783  4th Virginia Regt.

James Gordon, Jr.  Pvt.   1752-1844       - Service 1783-1784  1st New Hampshire Regt.

William Green   Drummer    ?    ?         - Service 1776-1776  26th Mass. Regt - Court-
                                                               martial, Treason 12/7/76.

Edmund Griffin     Pvt.    ?    ?         - Service 1778-1779  1st No. Carolina Regt.

John Griffith      Pvt.    ?    ?         - Service 1778-1779  1st No. Carolina Regt.

Benjamin Grimes  Lieut.  1756-1803        - Service 1778-1779  Virginia Continental Line.

Hugh Hagerty       Pvt.    ?    ?         - Service 1778-1779  Penn. Continental Line.

Silvanus Hall      Pvt.  1759-1828        - Service 1777-1780  14th Massachusetts Regt.

Elihu Hancock    Corp.    ?  -1818        - Service 1778-1783  1st Connecticut Regt.

Samuel Hanson  Surgeon   1756-1781        - Service 1778-1779  Son of John Hanson, Pres. of

Thomas Harmon    Pvt.    1762-1834        - Service 1778-1779  12th Massachusetts Regt.

Thomas Harris    Sgt.    1759-1802        - Service 1778-1780  4th Connecticut Regt.

Thomas Harris    Pvt.     ?    ?          - Service 1776-1777  38th Massachusetts Regt.

William Harris   Pvt.    1754-1819        - Service 1778-1780  6th Massachusetts Regt.

William Harris   Pvt.    1752-1848        - Service 1777-1780  10th Virginia Regt.

Andrew Harrison  Pvt.      ?   ?          - Service 1778-1779  2nd Virginia Regt.

Caleb Hendee     Pvt.    1756-1839        - Service 1776-1779  20th Massachusetts Regt.

William Henussey Pvt.      ? -1798        - Service 1782-1783  1st Pennsylvania Regt.

John Herrick    Corp.      ?    ?         - Service 1778-1783  4th Mass. Regt. Court-
                                                               martial - 6/28/78 100 lashes.

Daniel Hersey    Pvt.     1754-1794       - Service 1777-1779  3rd Regt. Continental Drag'ns

Stephen Hetfield Pvt.     1759-1824       - Service 1780-1783  3rd New Jersey Regt.

Thomas Hickey    Sgt.      ?   1776       - Service 1776-1776 Courtmartial - Treason, Hanged
                                                              June 28, 1776.

Spencer Hill     Pvt.     1762-1852      - Service 1778-1781  VA Continental Line

Joseph Hilton    Pvt.      ?    ?        - Service 1778-1781  2nd Pennsylvania Regt.

William Hincher  Pvt.      ?    ?        - Service 1777-1777  Enlisted Directly into Guard.

Levi Holden     Lieut.    1754-1823      - Service 1781-1783  6th Massachusetts Regt.

                       Part 4 cont'd

           The Commander-In-Chief's Guard

Subject: List of known Guards of George Washington

Thomas Holland  Corp.      ?    ?         - Service 1777-1777  5th Virginia Regt.

Daniel Holt     Sgt.    1744-1813         - Service 1783-1783  1st New Hampshire Regt.

Joel Holt       Corp.   1764-1848         - Service 1783-1783  1st New Hampshire Regt.

Peter Holt      Pvt.     ?    ?           - Service 1780-1783  Conn. Continental Line.

Philip Holt     Pvt.     ?    ?           - Service 1777-1777  VA Cont. Line.

Bezaleel Howe   Capt.   1755-1825         - Service 1779-1783  1st N.H. Regt. 2nd U.S.
                                                               Infantry 1790.

Isaac Howell    Pvt.    1762-1833         - Service 1778-1780  5th Penn. Regt. captured
                                                               1780 - escaped.

Thomas Howell   Pvt.     ?    ?           - Service 1777-1780  Virginia Continental Line.

James Hughes    Pvt.     ?    ?           - Service 1780-1783  Penn. Continental Line.

William Hunter  Sgt.     ?    ?           - Service 1780-1783  4th Pennsylvania Regt.

John Hurring    Pvt.     ?    ?           - Service 1778-1778  1st Mass. Regt. Court-
                                                               martial - Hanged.

Samuel Huston   Pvt      ?    ?           - Service 1777-1777  3d Regt Cont. Dragoons.

____ Hutchinson Pvt.     ?    ?           - Service 1783-1783  N.H. Continental Line.

Daniel Hymer    Pvt.     ?    ?           - Service 1778-1783  4th Pennsylvania Regt.

Pendleton Isbell  Pvt. 1757-1829          - Service 1777-1780  1st VA Regt. Deserted
                                                               February 1, 1780.

John Ives         Pvt. 1760-1808          - Service 1778-1780  5th Connecticut Regt.

Zachariah Jackson Pvt.  ?    ?            - Service 1778-1779  1st No. Carolina Regiment.

Solomon Janet     Pvt.  ?    ?            - Service 1778-1779  2nd No. Carolina Regt.

Asa Johnson       Pvt.  ?    ?            - Service 1777-1779  2nd R.I. Reg. Deserted,
                                                               December 1, 1779.

James Johnson     Pvt.  ?    ?            - Service 1777-1779  Virginia Cont. Line.

James Johnson   Fifer   ?    ?            - Service 1776-1776  Courtmartialed - Jailed.

Levi Johnson      Pvt.  ?    ?            - Service 1777-1780  3d New Jersey Regt.

Ephraim Jones     Pvt. 1760- ?            - Service 1778-1781  1st Massachusetts Regt.

John Jones        Sgt.  ?    ?            - Service 1777-1779  Virginia Cont. Line.

Joseph Jones      Pvt.  ?    ?            - Service 1778-1779  11th Massachusetts Regt.

William Jones     Pvt.  ?    ?            - Service 1777-1782  VA Cont. Line - discharge,
                                                               Philadelphia Hospital.

John Justice      Sgt.  ?    ?            - Service 1780-1781  10th Pennsylvania Regt.

John Kenney       Pvt.  ? -1820           - Service 1783-1783  2nd New Hampshire Regt.

Isaac Kidder      Pvt. 1752-1825          - Service 1777-1779  13th Massachusetts Regt.

John Kidder       Pvt. 1752- ?            - Service 1778-1779  13th Mass. Regt. Deserted
                                                               September 16, 1779.

William Kernahan  Pvt. 1750-1820          - Service 1777-1783  1st Pennsylvania Regt.

Charles King      Sgt. 1756-1832          - Service 1776-1779  6th Massachusetts Regt.

John King         Pvt. 1758-1817          - Service 1776-1780  14th Virginia Regt.

James Knox        Pvt. 1755-1839          - Service 1776-1779  Maj. Gen. Artemus Ward's

Laban Landon      Pvt. 1759-1828          - Service 1778-1783  2nd New Jersey Regt.

Garland Lane      Pvt. 1764- ?            - Service 1781-1781  VA Cont. Line (Ga soldier in
                                                               RW 1808.)
Jasper Langley    Pvt.  ?    ?            - Service 1778-1780  3rd New Jersey Regt.

John Layard       Pvt.  ?    ?            - Service 1777-1779  3rd Regt. Cont. Dragoons.

Joseph Law      Corp. 1752-1835           - Service 1778-1780  8th Connecticut Regt.

Abraham Lawell   Pvt.  ?     ?            - Service 1777-1777  3d Reg. Cont. Dragoons.

Elijah Lawrence  Pvt. 1763-1809           - Service 1782-1783  Col. Seth Warner's Vermont
                                                               Regt. a Prisoner 2 years.

John Leary       Pvt. 1754-  ?            - Service 1776-1778  5th Massachusetts Regt.

Benjamin Lester  Pvt.  ?     ?            - Service 1777-1777  Virginia Cont. Line.

Samuel Leverich  Pvt.  ?     ?            - Service 1777-1779  3rd Reg. Cont. Dragoons.

George Lewis    Lieut. 1757-1821          - Service 1776-1783  Geo. Washington's nephew.

Hezekiah Linton  Pvt.   ?    ?            - Service 1778-1781  2nd No. Carolina Regt.

Jesse Linton     Pvt.   ?    ?            - Service 1778-1779  2nd No. Carolina Regt.

Henry Livingston Capt. 1760-1804          - Service 1777-1779  Enlisted Directly in the

William Logan   Pvt.    ?    ?            - Service 1777-1778  Virginia Continental Line.

Simeon Lothrop  Pvt.   1760-1808          -Service 1779-1782  13th Mass. Reg. Deserted
                                                              5/7/79 - rejoined.

John Lovejoy    Pvt.   1743-1778          - Service 1778-1778 11th Mass. Regt. Killed by
                                                              horse, Oct 17, 1778.

Seth Lovell     Pvt.    ?    ?            - Service 1778-1780  4th Massachusetts Regt.

Jeremiah Low    Pvt.    ?    ?            - Service 1777-1778  3rd Regt. Cont. Dragoons,
                                                               Killed at Monm____.

Ephraim Lucas   Pvt.    ?    ?            - Service 1776-1777  18th Massachusetts Regt.

Michael Lynch   Pvt.    ?    ?            - Service 1776-1776  Courtmartialed - Jailed.

Zenas Macomber  Pvt   1754-1831           - Service 1776-1779  25th Mass. Wounded at Tappen


                                      Part 5.
                         The Commander-In-Chief's Guard

               Subject: List of known Guards of George Washington

                        Transcribed by Janice Farnsworth

Diah Manning    Fifer    1760-1815   Service 1776-1783   19th Mass. Reg. Promoted to Drum

Roger Manning  Drummer   1758-1780   Service 1778-1780   1st CT Regt. died shortly after

Phineas Mapes  Private    ?    ?     Service 1778-1783   Col. Wm. Spencer's Regt.

Peter Martin    Pvt.     1759-1820   Service 1778-1780   11th Mass. Regt & 2nd Mass. to
                                                         end of war.

William Martin  Pvt.     1760-1807   Service 1779-1783   4th N.Jersey Regt. Neck Wound -
                                                         King's Bridge.

Thomas McCarthy Pvt.      ?    ?     Service 1777-1777   3rd Regt. Continental Dragoons.

William McCown  Pvt.      ?    ?     Service 1781-1782   Enlisted directly into the Guard.

Alexander McCulloch Pvt.  ?    ?     Service 1777-1777   3d Regt Continential Dragoons.

James McDonald      Pvt   ?    ?     Service 1781-1782   7th Maryland Regt. Deserted March
                                                         22, 1782.

William McIntire    Sgt. 1753-1826   Service 1777-1779   2nd Virginia Regiment.

James Milsom        Pvt. 1758-1826   Service 1780-1783   Col. Silas Newcomb's N.J. Regt.

Reaps Mitchell      Sgt.  ?  -1803   Service 1778-1783   2nd virginia Regiment.

John Montgomery     Pvt. 1756-1829   Service 1777-1783   10th Pennsylvania Regt.

Hezekiah Moor       Pvt. 1754- ?     Service 1776-1776   Deserted June 17, 1776.

Jonathan Moore      Pvt. 1754-1853   Service 1777-1783   3d N. Jersey Reg.- son died at the
Dennis Moriarity    Pvt.  ?   ?      Service 1780-1783   1st Pennsylvania Regt.

____ Morrill        Pvt.  ?   ?      Service 1783-1783   New Hampshire Continental Line.

John Morris         Sgt.  ?   ?      Service 1783-1783   New Hampshire Continental Line.

David Morrison      Pvt. 1763-1831   Service 1783-1783   2nd New Hampshire Regt.

John Nicholson    Lieut. 1757-1836   Service 1777-1778   1st Virginia Regt.

____ Norris         Pvt.  ?   ?      Service 1783-1783   New Hampshire Continental Line.

Jesse Nott          Pvt.  ?   ?      Service 1778-1778   1st N.H. Regt. died White Plains,
                                                         July 15, 1778.

Rueben Odell        Pvt.  ?   ?      Service 1778-1779   12th Virginia Regiment.

Samuel Odiorne    Fifer  1758-1835   Service 1783-1783   2nd New Hampshire Regt.

William O'Neil      Pvt.  ?   ?      Service 1778-1779   Virginia Continental Line. Deserted
                                                         May 3, 1779.

William Pace        Sgt.  ?   ?      Service 1777-1783   14th Virginia Regt.

John Paddington     Pvt.  ?   ?      Service 1781-1782   14th Mass. Regt. Deserted
                                                         July 13, 1782.

William Palmer      Pvt.  ?   ?      Service 1777-1780   15th Virginia Regt.

Joseph Parker       Pvt. 1756-1821   Service 1777-1779   11th VA Regt. (Col. Daniel Morgan's

Frederick Parks   Fifer   ?  -1818   Service 1779-1783   4th Connecticut Regt.

John Patton        Pvt.  1754-1841   Service 1780-1783   1st Pennsylvania Regt.

John Pease         Pvt.   ?    ?     Service 1783-1783   2nd New Hampshire Regt.

Henry Perry        Pvt.   ?    ?     Service 1778-1780   Virginia Continental Line.

John Phillips      Sgt.  1756-1833   Service 1777-1778   2nd Massachusetts Regt.

Benjamin Pierce    Pvt.  1762-1847   Service 1783-1783   1st New Hampshire Regt.

John Pillar        Pvt.   ?    ?     Service 1778-1779   Penn. Continental Line - Deserted
                                                         November 14, 1779.

Shadrack Pinkstone Pvt. 1750-1795    Service 1777-1779   11th VA Regt. (Col. Daniel
                                                         Morgan's Riflemen.

Thomas Piper       Pvt. 1756-1787    Service 1778-1780   3rd New Hampshire - Deserted
                                                         April 1, 1780.

Abner Pitcher      Pvt. 1754-1832    Service 1777-1778   1st Connecticut Regt.

Elijah Pollock     Pvt. 1757-1824    Service 1777-1782   4th Connecticut Regt.

____ Pope          Pvt.  ?    ?      Service 1783-1783   New Hampshire Continental Line.

Nathaniel Potter   Pvt.  ?    ?      Service 1777-1779   3rd. Regt. Continental Dragoons.

Thomas Prentiss    Sgt. 1755-1838    Service 1776-1776   21st Massachusetts Regt.

Robert Preston     Pvt. 1748-1827    Service 1776-1780   2nd VA Regt. Captured, paroled
                                                         May 12, 1780.

William Price      Pvt.  ?    ?      Service 1777-1777   Virginia Continental Line.

Andrew Pritchett   Pvt.  ?    ?      Service 1777-1777   5th Virginia Regt.

Henry Pullen       Pvt.  ?    ?      Service 1777-1781   5th Virginia Regt.

Nathan Pushee      Pvt. 1758-1838    Service 1777-1779   3rd Regt. Continental Dragoons.

John Putnam        Pvt. 1763-1837    Service 1781-1783   1st New Hampshire Regt.

Henry Randolf    Corp.  1755-1825    Service 1777-1778   3rd Regt. Continental Dragoons.

Samuel Raymond    Pvt.  1756-1823    Service 1776-1779   21st Massachusetts Regt.

Asa Redington   Corp.   1761-1845    Service 1783-1783   1st New Hampshire Regt.

Daniel Reed      Pvt.    ?    ?      Service 1778-1778   No details, listed as "sick-Absent"

Samuel Reeves    Pvt.   1753-1834    Service 1778-1778   4th No. Carolina Regt.

Samuel Reid      Pvt.   1756-1832    Service 1776-1777   Gen. Henry Knox's Continental

William Reiley   Pvt.    ?    ?      Service 1778-1779   3rd Regt. Continental Dragoons.

                                     Part 6.

                       The Commander-In-Chief's Guard

               Subject: List of known Guards of George Washington

                        Transcribed by Janice Farnsworth

Samuel Reynolds    Pvt.   ?   ?   Service 1777-1779   3rd Regt Continental Dragoons

David Rice         Sgt. 1750-1810 Service 1777-1778   Virginia Continental Line.

Peter Richards     Sgt.   ?   ?   Service 1776-1776   6th Mass. Regt. Courtmartialed for
                                                      Striking Major Gil_____?

Zebulon Richmond   Pvt. 1758-1832 Service 1776-1777   Major Gen. Charles Lee's Guard.

Timothy Ricker     Pvt. 1753-1820 Service 1777-1779   2nd N.H. Regt. Deserted April 1, 1779

William Roach      Sgt.   ?   ?   Service 1777-1781   3rd Virginia Regiment.

Dixon Robinson     Pvt.   ?   ?   Service 1777-1777   Virginia Continental Line.

Christopher Rodamer Pvt. 1750-1828 Service 1777-1783  3rd Penn. Regt. Sabre Wound, Yorktown.

Jonathan Rundlett  Pvt   1763-1825 Service 1783-1784  2nd New Hampshire Regiment.

____ Sanborn        Pvt.    ?   ?  Service 1783-1783  New Hampshire Continental Line.

Elnathan Sanderson  Pvt 1759-1831  Service 1778-1780  8th New Hampshire Regiment.

Abel Sargent        Pvt. 1767-  ?  Service 1783-1783  1st New Hampshire Regiment.

John Savory         Pvt.    ?   ?  Service 1778-1780  8th Connecticut Regiment.

Jacob Schriver      Pvt.    ?   ?  Service 1778-1783  4th New York Regiment.

Samuel Sherman      Pvt. 1756-  ?  Service 1776-1779  12th Massachusetts Regiment.

Micajah Sherwood    Pvt.    ?   ?  Service 1778-1780  4th New York Regiment.

Joseph Shipman      Pvt. 1757-1828 Service 1778-1780  1st New Jersey Regiment.

John Shorey         Pvt. 1755-1842 Service 1778-1780  13th Massachusetts Regiment.

William Simmons     Pvt.    ?   ?  Service 1780-1781  11th Pennsylvania Regiment.

William Simpson  Drummer 1764-1828 Service 1783-1783  1st New Hampshire Regiment.

John Slocum         Pvt. 1755-1828 Service 1778-1783  2nd R.I. Regt. Shot at Conn. Farms.

Francis Smith       Pvt.    ?   ?  Service 1780-1781  9th Pennsylvania Regiment.

Jesse Smith         Pvt. 1756-1844 Service 1776-1779  3rd Regt. Continental Dragoons.

John Smith          Pvt.    ?   ?  Service 1777-1779  Virginia Continental Line. Deserted
                                                      1779 (Sept. 2nd?)

Luther Smith        Pvt. 1764-1846 Service 1781-1815  1st N.H. Regt.- Bayonet Kings Bridge

Randolph Smith      Pvt.   ?    ?  Service 1780-1783  2nd Rhode Island Regiment.

Robinson Smith      Pvt. 1763-1828 Service 1783-1784  2nd New Hampshire Regiment.

Samuel Smith        Pvt. 1757-1853 Service 1778-1783  1st New Hampshire Regiment.

Timothy Smith       Pvt. 1758-1820 Service 1777-1783  1st Conn. Regt- Captured/Prisoner,

Henry Snow          Pvt.   ? -1779 Service 1778-1779  1st New Hampshire - died PA 1/10/79.

Henry Sparks       Corp. 1753-1836 Service 1777-1780  6th Virginia Regiment.

John Standard       Pvt.   ?    ?  Service 1777-1777  Virginia Continental Line.

John Stockdell      Pvt.   ?    ?  Service 1777-1779  Virginia Continental Line.

Simeon Stow         Pvt.   ?    ?  Service 1777-1777  3rd Regt. Continental Dragoons.

Nehemiah Stratton   Sgt. 1759-1843 Service 1783-1783  2nd New Hampshire Regiment.

Joseph Stripe       Pvt.   ?    ?  Service 1777-1777  Virginia Continental Line.

John Sturm          Sgt.   ?    ?  Service 1777-1779  12th VA Reg. - Deserted April 18, 1779

Seth Sturtevant    Corp. 1760-1852 Service 1778-1780  9th Massachusetts Regiment.

Michael Sutton      Pvt.   ?    ?  Service 1783-1783  1st New Hampshire Regiment.

Thomas Summersett   Pvt. 1754-1834 Service 1778-1778  Armand's Legion - wounded at Monmouth.

Levi Talbot        Corp. 1752-1820 Service 1777-1778  2nd Virginia Regiment.

William Tanner      Pvt. 1760-1793 Service 1778-1783  2nd Rhode Island Regiment.

Daniel Thompson     Pvt. 1754-1832 Service 1777-1780  2nd New York Regiment.

Reuben Thompson     Pvt.   ?    ?  Service 1780-1783  2nd Rhode Island Regiment.

Ezekial Thurston    Pvt. 1765-1809 Service 1783-1783  1st New Hampshire Regiment.

Joseph Timberlake   Sgt. 1752-1841 Service 1777-1783  7th Virginia Regiment.

John Tipper         Pvt.   ?    ?  Service 1778-1778  4th North Carolina Regiment.

Michael Titcomb     Pvt. 1750-1819 Service 1777-1779  3rd Regt. Continental Dragoons.

Solomon Townsend    Pvt.   ?    ?  Service 1778-1781  10th Pennsylvania Regiment.

John Trask          Pvt. 1759-  ?  Service 1779-1780  Massachusetts Continental Line.

Simon Tubbs         Pvt. 1756-1824 Service 1778-1780  7th Connecticut Regiment

Michael Tullis      Pvt. 1749-1832 Service 1776-1776  Capt. Stephen's Berkeley Co. of
                                                      Virginia Riflemen.

Abraham Van Sickle  Pvt. 1757-1831 Service 1778-1780  12th Virginia Regiment.

Jesse Vibbart       Pvt. 1759-1830 Service 1780-1790  Col. Webb's Regt. Conn. Cont. Line.

Joseph Vinal        Pvt.   ?    ?  Service 1778-1783  10th Massachusetts Regiment

To be continued Part 6.

                               Part 7 of 7 Parts
                       The Commander-In-Chief's Guard

               Subject: List of known Guards of George Washington

                        Transcribed by Janice Farnsworth

Robert Wadsworth   Pvt. 1750- ?   Service 1777-1780   8th Virginia Regt. - his son killed
                                                      War of 1812.

Henry Wakelee      Pvt. 1750-1829 Service 1782-1783   Col. Warner's Vermont Regt. Captured.

Moses Walton       Pvt. 1747-1831 Service 1778-1778   4th Mass. Regt. Coutmartialed - death
                                                      sentence - escaped.

Benjamin Ward      Pvt. 1760- ?   Service 1783-1783   1st New Hampshire Regt.

Daniel Warner      Pvt. 1757-1822 Service 1776-1777   6th Massachusetts Regt.

William Warrington Pvt. 1755-1851 Service 1777-1778   9th Virginia Regiment.

George A. Washington Ensign 1763-1793 Service 1777-1783  Virginia Regt. (George Washington's

Edward Weed        Pvt.   ?    ?   Service 1781-1783   3rd Maryland Regt. Wounded, King's

Enock Wells       Corp.   ?    ?   Service 1778-1783   3rd Pennsylvania Regt.

Edward Whelan      Pvt.   ?    ?   Service 1780-1782   11th Penn. Regt. Wounded at King's

Samuel Whitmarsh   Pvt. 1760-1854  Service 1780-1780   Col. Henry Jackson's Regt, a Mass.

Edward Wiley       Pvt.   ?    ?   Service 1778-1783   2nd New York Regiment.

John Williams      Pvt.   ?    ?   Service 1778-1778   4th Conn. Regt. Deserted Aug 17, 1778.

Cornelius Wilson Drummer  ?    ?   Service 1782-1783   Enlisted directly into the Guard.

John Wilson       Sgt.  1755-1823  Service 1776-1776   20th Massachusetts Regt.

Joseph Winch      Pvt.    ?    ?   Service 1783-1783   2nd New Hampshire Regt.

Francis Wood      Sgt.    ?    ?   Service 1776-1777   16th Massachusetts Regt.

Samuel Wortman   Corp.    ?    ?   Service 1777-1783   1st New Jersey Regt.

William Wyman     Pvt.  1752-1809  Service 1778-1780   15th Massachusetts Regt.

Frederick Young   Sgt.    ?    ?   Service 1777-1779   2nd Virginia Regiment.

Transcribed by Janice Farnsworth

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