Essex County, Massachusetts
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Essex County
 Congregational Church in Marblehead
Congregational church in Marblehead

    Discovered by Europeans in 1692; the first who are known to have set foot in the county were Edward Harlie and Nicholas Hobson, who landed at Ipswich in 1611. The earliest settlers were the Cape Ann colonists, led by Roger Conant, in 1624. Endicott's colony arrived September 6, 1628. On May10, 1643, eight towns Salem, Lynn, Wenham, Ipswich, Rowley, Newbury, Gloucester, and Andover were set apart and incorporated as Essex County.

    Indian disturbances affected the inhabitants but little until the breaking out of King Philip's War; in which brave soldiers and good leaders from Essex County distinguished themselves at various points. Theirs were the troops so mercilessly slaughtered at "Bloody Brook," in Deerfield, a body of ninety picked, well-disciplined, courageous soldiers known as "the Flower of Essex," under Captain Lothrop, where they were surprised by a large body of Philip's savage warriors. 

    The history of this county is disfigured by the woeful delusion of witchcraft which raged here in the latter part of the 17th century; and which, originating in that part of Salem which is now included in Danvers, extended to neighboring towns, until not less than 20 persons had actually been executed, while 8 more had been condemned, 150 were in prison awaiting trial, and 200 others had been accused. It is acknowledged that most of those who suffered and many others of the accused were persons of excellent character. In consequence of the trials and the expenses, the rapacious confiscations, and the universal alarm, business was utterly prostrated, and hundreds impoverished. Long years of toil and sorrow elapsed before the county recovered fully from this terrible blow. During the Revolution, Essex County effectively sustained her part on the side of freedom and nationality. A Gazetteer of the State of Massachusetts  1890

Salem Maritime National Historic Site - consisting of 12 historic structures, one replica tall-ship, and about 9 acres of land along the waterfront of Salem Harbor in Salem, Massachusetts. Salem Maritime is the first National Historic Site established in the US, Mar 17, 1938. It interprets the Triangle Trade during the colonial period, in cotton, rum, sugar and slaves, the action of privateers during the American Revolution, and global maritime trade with the Far East, after independence.

Sangus Iron Works National Historic Site - located about 10 miles northeast of downtown Boston in Saugus, Massachusetts. It it the site of the first integrated iron works in  North America, founded by John Winthrop the Younger and in operation between 1646 and approx. 1670. It includes the reconstruction blast furnace, forge, rolling mill, shear, slitter and a quarter ton drop hammer. The facility is powered by seven large waterwheels, some of which are rigged to work in tandem with huge wooden gears connecting them. It has a wharf to load the iron onto ocean going vessels, as well as a large, restored 17th century house. Wikipedia

Phillips Academy (Andover, Mass.), incorporated in 1829, was the second academy in the State, and the seminary was the first of a kind in the country. A Gazetteer of the State of Massachusetts  1890

The first steamboat that ever floated on the Merrimack was built here in Haverhill, and descended the river to Newburyport for the first time April 7, 1828. A Gazetteer of the State of Massachusetts  1890

The first Baptist church in Essex County was established here in Haverhill by the Rev. Hezekiah Smith in 1765. A Gazetteer of the State of Massachusetts  1890

It is believed that the first iron foundery in American was erected in 1643 in this town on the west bank of the Saugus River, making use of a deposit of bog-iorn ore in its vicinity. Ten years later Mr. Joseph Jencks, of these works, made by contract for the town of Boston "an ingine to carry water in case of fire," which was the first constructed in this country. A Gazetteer of the State of Massachusetts  1890

Map of Essex County
County Map

Amesbury * Beverly * Gloucester * Haverhill * Lawrence * Lynn * Methuen * Newburyport * Peabody * Salem

Amesbury * Boxford * Danvers * Essex * Georgetown * Groveland * Hamilton * Ipswich * Lynnfield * Manchester-by-the-Sea * Marblehead * Merrimac * Middleton * Nahant * Newbury * North Andover * Rockport * Rowley * Salisbury * Saugus * Swampscott * Topsfield * Wenham * West Newbury

Annisquam * Ballardvale * Beverly Farms * Bradford * Byfield * Centerville * Clifton * Cove Harbor * Magnolia * Merrimacport * North Beverly * Plum Island * Ryall's Side * West Boxford

Census Designated Places
Andover * Boxford * Essex * Ipswich * Rockport * Rowley * Salisbury * Topsfield

County Seat: Salem and Lawrence
Founded: 1643
Square Miles: Total 828/Land 493/Water 336


Essex County Data  

Biographies Marriage Index
Birth Index Marriage Notices
Birth Notices Military
Books Military News
Cemeteries News/Brevities
Census Data Newspapers
Churches Obituaries
County History Passenger Lists
Crime Photographs
Death Index Pioneers
Directories Probate/Wills
Disasters Research Help
Divorce Index Schools
History State Executions
Historical Landmarks Stories/Families
Immigration Tax Lists
Land Records Towns
Maps Website Past Updates
Website Updates:

Census: 1850 Mortality for Andover, Boxford, Bradford, Danvers, Essex, Georgetown, Groveland, Lynn, Lynnfield, West Newbury
Directory: Rowley, City 1888 - submitted by Kim Torp
Essex County Firsts: First Steamboat, First Baptist Church, First Iron Foundery,
Newspapers: in Gloucester, Haverhill, Lynn,
Obits: Thomas Bowden, Caled Oakes, T. Clarke Oliver, Mrs. Mary Shaw, John W. Trendwell, Jospeh Very
Stories: Duston Family
Towns: The Cities and Villages - Grasshopper Plain, Groveland, Guinea, Hallsville, Hamilton, Haverhill, Hog Island, Hog Island Harbor, Lawrence, Line Brook, Linwood, Lynn, Lynnfield

Directory: Rowley, City 1888 - submitted by Kim Torp

Obit: Nichols
School: Haverhill High School Yearbook 1913
State Executions: List and stories about Sussanah Martin; Elizabeth How; Sarah Wild; Mary Parker; Alice Parker; Mary Eastley; Bridget, Bishop; Sarah Good; also, Valentine Ducat; John Stewart; Samuel Clisby; John Schidlofski; Silas Phelps; Clarence Richeson; Charles Trippi
Stories: The Felts - submitted by Ruthie Caudill;
The Witchcraft of 1692
Towns: The Cities Towns and Villages -  Chebacco, Essex, Georgetown, Gloucester, Bass Rocks, Fernwood, Joppa, Lanesville


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