From the Boston Centinel, July 6: An Essex jury has convicted two cucumber stealers of Danvers of the crime, and they have been sentenced to 20 dollars fine, and costs. An example made of some of the fruit stealers in this city, and its vicinity, would have a very beneficial effect to Essex almost nightly depredations. The least part of the losses sustained from these pilferers is the fruit; the destruction to the trees is sometimes irreparable. [ Gettysburg Compiler (Gettysburg, Penn.) July 17 1822 Page 2]
Stolen Goods Found
Salem, June 15 - In consequence of information received from an authentic source, a search for stolen Goods was made on Saturday last in the barn of Mr. Richard Crowninshield in Danvers. Concealed under a quantity of hay, were found the contents of a bale of flannel which was stolen from an outhouse of William Sutton, Esq. in Danvers in March last. The bale had been opened and some of the pieces of flannel had been thrust into a wool bag, which was found under the hay, not far from the main quantity. [Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, July 13, 1830]
At Salem, Mass. two females, Louisa Matilda Malcolm Swan and Mary Holden, each aged about 25 years, were sentenced to one day’s solitary confinement and 13 months’ hard labor in the common jail, for the crime of stealing a parcel of tortoise shell. – Baltimore American [Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, December 14, 1830]
Murder of Joseph
An assassination of almost unexampled atrocity took place in the town of Salem, Mass. on the night of the 6th ult. Joseph White, Esq. one of the most aged and opulent citizens of that town, in the 82d year of his age, was murdered in his bed by some unknown person, who entered the house by one of the back windows, and committed the horrid deed by first striking him on the head with some heavy instrument and then inflicting ten stabs near the heart with a knife. There is no way for accounting for this cold-blooded deed, as the assassin took none of the money or other valuable articles within his reach, and appears to have been entirely actuated by a wish to take the l ife of Mr. White, although an aged man, retired from business and inoffensive in his conduct. Great excitement was occasioned in the town by the occurrence. The citizens offer $500, the heirs of the deceased $1000 and the Governor $1000 reward for the apprehension of the assassin. – Franklin Republican. [Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, May 4, 1830]
The Salem Murder
Boston, May 6: Yesterday afternoon, we understand, Richard Crowninshield, Jr. and George Crowninshield, both of Danvers, Benjamin Selman, of Marblehead and Daniel Chase, last resident of Salem, were brought from the Salem Prison before the Supreme Court now holden at Ipswich by the Hon. Samuel Putnam, Associate Judge, and were put to the bar and an indictment, charging the said Richard as principal and the others as accessories, in the murder of Joseph White, Esq. at Salem on the Sixth of April last, was read to them. In the first count moral wounds are alleged to have been inflicted on the head of t he deceased with a hatchet by Richard Crowninshield, Jr., the other prisoners being present aiding and abetting him. The second count alleged that said Richard made several mortal wounds in the breast and near the heart of the deceased with a dirk, the other prisoners being present, &c. &c. The arraignment (says our correspondent) was conducted by Mr. Prince, the Clerk, in the most correct and impressive manner and the scene was most solemn and affecting. The prisoners seem to be very young men, and behave with great decorum. They severally pleaded not guilty and said they would be tried by God and their country. At their request Mr. Walsh and Mr. Shillaber of Salem were assigned as their Counsel. The day of the trial cannot yet be appointed, the engagement of the Judges preventing a full Court at present. – Com. Gaz. [Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, May 18, 1830]
The Murder of Mr. White Explained.
The Salem Observer give the following particulars of the confession of Captain Joseph J. Knapp, Jr.
Some months since Joseph J. Knapp, Jr. who married the grand niece of Captain White, and the daughter of his house keeper, stated a hypothetical case to a lawyer and from him understood that if Captain White died intestate, his mother in law, as the sole representative of Captain White’s sister, would inherit half the estate – all the other heirs at law being representatives of Capt. White’s brother.
In order to effect this object, Knapp proposed to his brother John F. Knapp, to murder Capt. White. His brother replied that he would not do it himself but he knew who would, he could get Richard Crowninshield, Jr.
R. Crow Ninshield Jr. was employed by John F. Knapp, at this brothers’ request, and was to receive, we understand, $1000 for accomplishing the object.
On Friday 3d April, J. J. Knapp Jr. went into Captain White’s Chamber and took from the iron chest a will, which he supposed to be Captain W’s last will, carried ti to Wenham, and kept it in his possession until he heard of Capt. W’s death and then destroyed it. On the same day he procured the will he unbarred the window by which Crowninshield entered. Knapp returned to Wenham same day and did not return to Salem again until the murder was committed. The murder was committed by Crowninshield alone. He alone was in the house. It was effected by a dirk, (which has not been found as reported,) & by a bludgeon of hickory with a large head, loaded with lead. The murder was committed about 20 minutes past 10 o’clock.
Whilst the deed was doing, F. Knapp, was watching in Brown street, and it was him whom Mrs. Bray saw. It was Crowninshield whom she saw join him after the deed: whom Capt. Bray saw run down Howard street. Under the steps of the Howard street Meeting house the bludgeon was deposited; and there it has been found – Knapp’s confession having led to its discovery.
The day after the murder J. F. Knapp and Crowninshield rode to Wenham, where J. J. Knapp, Jr. gave C. all the money he then had, being 100 five-franc pieces; at which time Crowninshield stated to him the manner in which the deed was accomplished. J. J. Knapp, Jr. acknowledges himself the author of several infamous anonymous letters, which have been sent to the Hon. Stephen White and the Committee of Vigilance since the murder. We do not learn that K. implicates any other individual but R. Crowninshield, Jr. and his own brother. [Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, June 15, 1830]
Crowninshield the Murderer
We understand, says the Boston Commercial Gazette of Wednesday, the 16th inst. from gentlemen who left Salem last evening, that Richard Crowninshield, Jr. the murdered of Capt. White, hung himself in the gaol in that town soon after 4 o’clock, yesterday afternoon, by the assistance of two handkerchiefs fastened to the grated of his cell. When discovered by the Gaoler he was quite dead: his hands were pinioned and his lifeless body was dangling at the end of a silk handkerchief, his feet slightly touching a chair which he had overturned in swinging off. Crowninshield had been often heard to say that he would never be hanged in public.
Further particulars from the Boston Patriot: We learn from Salem, that yesterday about 3 o’clock, Richard Crowninshield, committed for trial as principal in the foul murder of Mr. White, was found dead in his cell, having hung himself to the upper grate of his window with his neck-kerchief. It is said that his brother George was confined in the adjoining cell, and they frequently talked to each other (overheard of course by the guard,) in the dialect common to persons of this stamp.
The guard, 20 minutes before Richard was found dead, understood George to ask him when he was going, to which he was understood to reply, he was about to go. Writing materials had been at his disposal; but it is not known whether or not he left any disclosure.
It is stated that some time since their father had inquired if they wished a new suit of clothes, before the trial; George signified that he did, and was measured; but Richard declined.
It is supposed that this is the result of a deep laid plan on his part; and that as he was originally the only one indicted as principal in the murder, a new indictment must be made, in which the late disclosures would implicate Jos. J. Knapp, Jr. as principal, and prevent his being taken as State’s evidence, and at the same time give George a chance of escape. [Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, June 29, 1830]
The Boston Tanscript states that Joseph J. Knapp, indicted at Salem as an accomplice in the murder of Mr. White, has been found guilty. The trial of George Crowninshield, another accomplice had commenced. [Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, November 30, 1830]
The Salem Trials – George Crowninshield was acquitted of participation in the murder of Capt. White; but was afterwards indicted for a conspiracy previous to the murder, gave the bond required, $500, and went home with his father. [Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, December 7, 1830]
Execution of Knapp
Boston, Sept 24 - Agreeably to his sentence, John Francis Knapp was yesterday executed in Salem. The people began to assemble about the prison in crowds, at an early hour and soon after 8 o’clock it is supposed that eight or ten thousand men, women and children had collected to witness the scene. By half past 8 o’clock, Knapp had taken leave of his family in the cell where he had been confined from the day of his sentence and appeared at the place of execution in the jail yard, attended by Joseph E. Sprague, Esq., High sheriff of Essex, and four deputies. He was also ministered unto by Rt. Rev. Bishop Griswold and throughout the appalling c atastrophe, maintained the same apathetic composure that he had manifested during his trial and sentence. He was habited in a dark green frock coat, white vest, dark pantaloons, and boots – and being asked if he were ready, he replied “Yes,” and mounted the drop with activity and resolution. He made no dying speech, but looked round for a moment and nodded to the multitude. The cap was drawn over his eyes, and he dropped a handkerchief as a signal and was launched into eternity. The perished a convicted principal in the midnight assassination of the late Captain White. It is understood that Knapp has left a sealed package with directions that it be opened after the trial of his brother Joseph, which takes place in November. [Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, October 19 1830]
Old Fire Horse Who Becomes Killer, is Saved by a Woman
Lawrence, Mass., Jan 11 -- Saved from execution at the 11th hour by a woman who raced her automobile over snow covered roads in the dead of night to plead for his life, Old Joe veteran fire horse, had his sentence commuted to life imprisonment in equine luxury today. The horse, sentenced to be shot after a trial in which the full city council of Lawrence sat on the jury, will be taken to the farm of Mrs. Henry C. Nevins, a millionaire widow of Methuen, who will care for him the rest of his days. Old Joe, with 16 years fighting service behind him, developed into a killer. He had kicked one fireman to death, and injured a dozen others. When he broke the leg of his driver recently, his execution was ordered after a trial which his firemen refused to testify against him. [The Daily Messenger (Canandaigua, NY) Jan 11, 1922 - Subm. by Melissa Rodriguez]
SLAVERY IN MASSACHUSETTS
Camperdown Chronicle 23 Jan 1906 - transcribed by J.S.
In 1754 there were nearly four hundred and fifty slaves in Essex County, Massachusetts alone. The present constitution of Massachusetts was established in 1780. The first article of the declaration of rights asserts that all men are born free and equal, and his was generally supposed to have reference to slavery, but still it was a point on which all did not agree. In 1781, however, at the court in Worcester, an indictment was found against a white man for assaulting, beating at imprisoning a black. His trial took place at the Supreme Judicial Court in 1783, and the defence was that the black man was a slave, and the beating, etc.. was the necessary correcting of his master. This defence did avail; the white man was found guilty and fined, and this decision was death-warrant for slavery in Massachusetts.
The veritable pins used by the Salem witches, and now on
file in the office of the Clerk of Courts of Essex County,
Massachusetts, have been so often appropriated by relic-hunters that
the balance are sealed in a vial and can can[sic] only be shen[sic]
through a glass. The death-warrant of one of the malefactors, with the
return of the officer, that he had caused the prisoner to be hanged
until she was dead, and burned (though the two last words were
erased), still hangs on the wall of the clerk's office, in an
excellent state of preservation.
Sacramento Daily Union, Vol 46, No 7069, 29 Nov 1873
UNITED STATES CIRCUIT COURT
A complaint in ejectment has been filed by Mary A. Seaverus and George Seaverus, of Essex county, Massachusetts, against John W. Bowers and sixty other defendants, to recover possession of two-fifteenths of an undivided two-fifteenths of the Rancho de Farwell, lying in Butte county and containing two leagues of land; also, fro $25,000 for withholding the property and $20,000 for rents and costs. On the 29th of April 1873, these plaintiffs sled? a bill in equity in the same Court to clear off the cloud upon their title. On the 10th of June last Judge Sawyer rendered a decision validating the title, but they did not obtain possession of the land. It was held in that decision that a sale of land in Sacramento in 1849, made by John Bidwell, in the assumed character of administrator, upon the authority to settle the estate of a deceased person, given by Alcalde Schoolcraft, upon a verbal application, no judicial record of the proceedings having been shown, was void.
Daily Alta California, Vol 27, No 9324, 14 Oct 1975 - transcribed by J.S.
LEGAL NOTICES - MORTGAGEE'S SALE OF REAL ESTATE
Pursuant to and in execution of the power of sale contained in a certain mortgage deed given by David I Robinson, of Gloucester, Essex County, Massachusetts, to Tremont Trust Company, a banking corporation duly established under the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and having an usual place of business in Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, dated February 20, 1920, and recorded with Middlesex South District Deeds, Book 4329, Page 401, for breach of the condition of said mortgage and for the purpose of foreclosing same will be sold at public acution on the premises hereinafter described, which are those described in said mortgage, on Monday, February 27, 1922, at 3 o'clock in the afternoon, all and singular the premises conveyed by said mortgage deed and therein described substantially as follows:
"A certain parcel of land with the buildings thereon, including all furnaces, heaters, ranges, mantels, gas and electric light fixtures, and all other fixtures of whatever kind and nature, contained in said building, situated in the City of Cambridge on the Southwesterly side of Green Street, comprising Lot B on a plan by E.F. Bowker, C.E. Surv., dated March 15, 1898, and recorded with Middlesex South District Deeds, Plan Book 186, Plan 27, and bounded and described as follows:
Beginning at a point on said Green Street where the Northerly corner of the granted premises joins lot C on said Plan; thence the line runs Southeasterly by said Green Street, 61.10 feet to land now or late of Amaranth L Hancock; thence turning at an angle of 89 degrees 48 minutes and running Southwesterly by said Hancock land 46 feet to Lot A on said Plan; thence turning at an angle of 90 degrees 12 minutes and running Northwesterly by said lot A, 9 feet; thence turning at an angle of 225 degrees and running Westerly by said Lot A, 18.35 feet; thence turning again at an angle of 225 degrees and running Southwesterly by said Lot A, 31 feet to land now or late of Joseph A. Stubbs; thence turning Northeasterly by said last mentioned lot and by Lot C on said plan 90 feet to the point of beginning on said Green Street. Containing according to said plan 4606 square feet. Being the same premises conveyed to said grantor by deed of the Columbus Day Nursery of Cambridge to be recorded herewith."
The premises above described will be sold subject to any
and all tax titles, unpaid taxes and municipal liens or assessments.
Five hundred dollars will be required to be paid in cash by the
purchaser at the time and place of sale. Other terms to be stated at
the sale. Tremont Trust Company, By Joseph C. Allen, Commissioner
of Banks in possession of Tremont Trust Company. Present Holder
of Said Mortgage Andrew Pierce, 6 Beacon St, Boston, Attorney F4-11-18
Cambridge Chronicle, 18 Feb 1922 - transcribed by J.S.
Administrator's Notice - Burnham, William I. In
pursuance of an order issued by Hon. George W. Weiant, Surrogate of
Rockland County, Notice is hereby given to all persons having claims
against the estate of William I Burnham, late of South Byfield, Essex
County, Massachusetts, deceased, to present the same to the
subscriber, at his place of transacting business of said estate, in
said county of Rockland, on or before the 10th day of September 1891.
Dated February 28th 1891. Thomas W. Burnham, Administrator
Rockland County Journal, Vol XLI 2 May 1891 - transcribed by J.S.
VERDICT OF $400.53
Haverhill Woman Had Sued Bookkeeper for $10,000
The jury in the case of Mrs. Alice Harrington of Haverhill against George T. Leighton, head bookkeeper fro Chick Bros, show manufacturers of Haverhill, brought in a verdict of $400.53 for the plaintiff at the opening of the superior court at Lawrence, yesterday.
Mrs. Harrington sued for $10,000 damages. She was an employee of Chick Bros, and claimed she was assaulted by the defendant on the morning of Dec 31, 1903, and that as a result she became nervous and was unable to sleep. She testified that when she entered the factory about 7.30 she found that the elevator boy was not on duty. Mr. Leighton came along, and she made the remark, "Oh, dear, have I got to walk up to the third story?" And Leighton said, "No, I'll play operator boy and carry you up."
They entered the elevator, Mrs. Harrington said and Leighton shut the doors, but instead of starting the elevator came toward her and grabbed her about the neck and about the body with such force that several black and blue marks resulted. She said that Leighton said nothing to her, and released her when she cried "What do you mean by insulting me?" She said the Leighton started the elevator and that she jumped off at the second story.
Leighton admitted that he put his hand on the woman's shoulder, though some impulse he could not explain, but he said the reason he seized her about the waist was to pull her away from the door, so that she would not get jammed when the elevator was passing a floor, she having jumped to the rear of the elevator.
Newburyport Daily News and Newburyport Herald (Newburyport, Massachusetts) 9 Mar 1905 - transcribed by J.S.
THE FIRST RAID
N.C. Leighton's Visited by Officers Saturday Night.
Business Found in Full Blast
All the Liquor and Fixtures Seized.
An Officer Henry Hidden of the night patrol was walking up Merrimac street Saturday evening he saw quite a number of men go late into the store of Nathan C. Leighton, and acting under orders from the city marshal, he followed into the barroom where he found Leighton dispensing beer to the parties spoken of above. Officer Hidden took one of the glasses and started for the station and gave it to the marshal. A warrant was at once secured and Marshal Emerson, accompanied by Deputy Marshal Taylor, Officers Hidden, Ross, Bragg and Hale, started for Leighton's place. On arriving they entered the bar room and commenced a general clearing out. The bar was taken down and together with the bar paraphercalla, pumps, barrels, jugs, etc..were taken to the police station. The liquor seized consisted of 40 gallons of elder, one half barrel of ale, eight quarts of rum, eight quarts of whiskey, a small quantity of wine and mixed liquors. Leighton will be the first one in this city to be tried under the new law, which gives the first offence a fine and cost and imprisonment. The fine not less that $50 or more than $500, and the imprisonment not less than 30 days or more than six months. It is impossible under this law for a man to escape imprisonment if he is unfortunate enough to be convicted of illegal sale of intoxicating liquor.
Newburyport Daily News and Newburyport Herald (Newburyport, Massachusetts) 6 May 1889 - transcribed by J.S.
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