Stark County News, Toulon IL, January 8, 1875
News of the Week - The East
The venerable Congressman Croker of the Tenth District of Massachusetts, died on the 27th of December. He was
73 years old.
DOW, Elijah, of Mass., was drowned in N.Y., March 27 (April 1, 1831) [Source: National Intelligencer, Washington
DC, as pub. in the NGSQ, vol 55, No. 1, March 1967, submitted by aFoFG]
William S. HASTINGS
The Hon. William S. Hastings, of the 9th Congressional District of Massachusetts died on the 27th ult., and his
death was announced by John Q. Adams, in a very affecting manner. [The Jonesborough Whig, and Independent
Journal, (Jonesborough, TN) Wednesday, July 13, 1842; Issue 9; col A - transcribed by aFoFG]
Senator Edward M. KENNEDY
Liberal lion of the Senate, symbol of family dynasty succumbs to brain cancer
Senator Edward M. Kennedy fought for universal health care to his final days.
Senator Edward M. Kennedy, who carried aloft the torch of a Massachusetts dynasty and a liberal ideology to the
citadel of Senate power, but whose personal and political failings may have prevented him from realizing the ultimate
prize of the presidency, died late Tuesday night. The senator was 77.
Overcoming a history of family tragedy, including the assassinations of a brother who was president and another
who sought the presidency, Senator Kennedy seized the role of being a "Senate man." He became a Democratic
titan of Washington who fought for the less fortunate, who crafted unlikely deals with conservative Republicans,
and who ceaselessly sought support for universal health coverage.
"Teddy," as he was known to intimates, constituents, and even his fiercest enemies, was an unwavering
symbol to the left and the right - the former for his unapologetic embrace of liberalism, and latter for his value
as a political target. But with his fiery rhetoric, his distinctive Massachusetts accent, and his role as representative
of one of the nation?s best-known political families, he was widely recognized as an American original. In the
end, some of those who might have been his harshest political enemies, including former President George W. Bush,
found ways to collaborate with the man who was called the "last lion" of the Senate.
Senator Kennedy's White House aspirations may have been undercut by his actions on the night he drove off a bridge
at Chappaquiddick Island and failed to promptly report the accident in which Mary Jo Kopechne, who had worked for
his brother Robert, died. When Kennedy nonetheless later sought to wrest the presidential nomination from an incumbent
Democrat, Jimmy Carter, he failed. But that failure prompted him to reevaluate his place in history, and he dedicated
himself to fulfilling his political agenda by other means, famously saying, "the dream shall never die."
Those causes endure today and remain at the forefront of the American political stage, evidenced most recently
by the fight for universal health care. He was the youngest child of a famous family, but his legacy derived
from quiet subcommittee meetings, conference reports, and markup sessions. The result of his efforts meant hospital
care for a grandmother, a federal loan for a working college student, or a better wage for a dishwasher. With
a family saga that blended Greek tragedy and soap opera, the Kennedys fascinated America and the world for half
a century. "I have every expectation of living a long and worthwhile life," Senator Kennedy said in 1994.
Such an expectation contrasted with the fate of his brothers. [By [Martin F. Nolan, Boston Globe Correspondent
/ August 26, 2009; Submitted by aFoFG]
Charles W. MORRILL
Charles W. Morrill, Company A 16th Massachusetts, to whom the President sent a Bible in place of one which
had arrested the enemy's bullets at Chancellorsville, died of a wound in his head on the 14th of May. [Frank
Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 05/30/1863; Sub. by FoFG]
Eunice Kennedy SHRIVER
Influential Founder of Special Olympics, Dies at 88
Her death, at 2 a.m., was confirmed by her family in a statement. A family friend said Mrs. Shriver had been
in declining health for months, having suffered a series of strokes.
A sister of President John F. Kennedy and Senators Robert F. Kennedy and Edward M. Kennedy and the mother-in-law
of Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger of California, Mrs. Shriver never held elective office. Yet she was no stranger to
Capitol Hill, and some view her work on behalf of the developmentally challenged, including the founding of the
Special Olympics, as the most lasting of the Kennedy family's contributions.
When the full judgment of the Kennedy legacy is made including J.F.K.'s Peace Corps and Alliance for Progress,
Robert Kennedy's passion for civil rights and Ted Kennedy's efforts on health care, workplace reform and refugees
the changes wrought by Eunice Shriver may well be seen as the most consequential, U.S. News & World Report
said in its cover story of Nov. 15, 1993.
Edward Kennedy said in an interview in October 2007: "You talk about an agent of change she is it. If
the test is what you're doing that's been helpful for humanity, you'd be hard pressed to find another member of
the family who's done more." As an example, Mr. Kennedy cited the opening ceremony of the 2007 Special
Olympics World Summer Games in Shanghai, where a crowd of 80,000 cheered as President Hu Jintao welcomed more than
7,000 athletes to China, a country with a history of severe discrimination against anyone born with disabilities.
Mrs. Shriver's official efforts on behalf of people with developmental challenges began after she became the executive
vice president of the Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. Foundation in 1957. The foundation was established in 1946 as a memorial
to her oldest brother, who was killed in World War II. Under Mrs. Shriver's direction, it focused on the prevention
of mental retardation and improving the ways in which society deals with people with intellectual disabilities.
In the 1950s, the mentally retarded were among the most scorned, isolated and neglected groups in American
society, Edward Shorter wrote in his book The Kennedy Family and the Story of Mental Retardation. Mental retardation
was viewed as a hopeless, shameful disease, and those afflicted with it were shunted from sight as soon as possible.
The foundation was instrumental in the formation of President Kennedy's Panel on Mental Retardation in 1961,
development of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (which is now named for Mrs. Shriver)
in 1962, the establishment of a network of mental retardation research centers at major medical schools across
the United States in 1967 and the creation of major centers for the study of medical ethics at Harvard and Georgetown
In 1968, the foundation helped plan and provided financing for the First International Special Olympics Summer
Games, held at Soldier Field in Chicago that summer.
I was just a young physical education teacher in the Chicago Park District back in the summer of 1968, a time of
horrific tragedy for the Kennedy family, when Eunice Kennedy Shriver wrapped her arms around the very first Chicago
Special Olympic games held at Soldier Field, Justice Anne M. Burke of the Illinois Supreme Court said in an e-mail
message. I will never forget at the start of the games when she asked me to go to Sears and buy her a $10 bathing
suit so she could jump in the pool with the Special Olympics swimmers.
Just weeks after her brother Senator Robert F. Kennedy was killed, Mrs. Shriver said in her address at the opening
ceremony, "The Chicago Special Olympics prove a very fundamental fact, the fact that exceptional children
children with mental retardation can be exceptional athletes, the fact that through sports they can realize their
potential for growth."
This was an extraordinary idea at the time. The prevailing thought had been that mentally retarded children should
be excluded from physical activity for fear that they might injure themselves. As a result, many were overweight
The first Special Olympics brought together 1,000 athletes from 26 states and Canada for competition. In December
1968, Special Olympics Inc. was established as a nonprofit charitable organization. Since then, the program has
grown to almost three million athletes in more than 180 countries.
The Kennedy family learned firsthand about these issues through Rosemary Kennedy, the third of nine children and
the oldest daughter, who was born mildly retarded in 1918, about a year after John F. Kennedy. Rosemary spent her
childhood in the Kennedy household, unlike many other developmentally challenged children who grew up in institutions,
sometimes as their families told friends that they had died.
Rosemary and Eunice developed a close bond, participating in sports including swimming and sailing and traveling
together in Europe. I had enormous affection for Rosie, Mrs. Shriver said in an interview with NPR in April 2007.
[The New York Times; By CARLA BARANAUCKAS; Published: August 11, 2009]
Rev. John MURRAY
The Rev. John Murray, aged 75. Senior Pastor of the First Universal Society in Boston. His friends have issued
proposal for publishing a biography of his life. [North American Review - Nov 1815 - sub. by aFoFG]
Sir William SHIRLEY
Deaths of Remarkable Persons Abroad - In England. Sir William Shirley, Bart, aged 43, grandson of a former governour
of Massachusetts -- the title is extinct. [North American Review - July 1815 - sub. by aFoFG]
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