"I pledge allegiance to the flag of Michigan, and to the state for which it stands, two beautiful peninsulas united by a bridge of steel, where equal opportunity and justice to all is our ideal."



This is the third official state flag of Michigan, adopted in 1911.

Todays flag displays the shield. On the shield is a lake with a yellow son rising over the blue waters. A man is standing on a peninsula with one hand raised in a greeting of friendship and the other hand holding a rifle, symbolizing his ability to defend his rights. An Elk and a Moose, symbols of Michigan, support the shield between tem and a Bald Eagle, symbol of the United States, grasping an olive branch and arrows in its talons is shown above the shield.

The following mottos appear on the coat of arms:  E Pluribus Unum (From Many, One), Tuebor (I will Defend) and Si Quaeris Peninsulam Amoenam Circumspice (If you Seek a Pleasant Peninsula, Look About You).

The first flag displayed a portrait of Michigan's first governor, Stevens T. Mason on one side and the state coat of arms on the other side.

Michigan's state flag was first unfurled at the laying of the corner stone at the monument of the Soldier's National Cemetery at Gettysburg on the Fourth of July, 1865.

In 1865 Steven's T. Mason's portrait was removed and the flag displayed the Michigan Coat of Arms on one side and the United States Coat of arms on the other side.


The Brady Guard Flag - Background Reading


Michigan's First State Flag


In 1911, on the eve of Michigan's 75th birthday, Mrs. James Campbell of Grand Rapids made an amazing discovery. She found a faded, dusty bundle of what appeared to be 'frayed old rags' in a dark cabinet deep in the basement of the Michigan State Capitol.  Mrs. Campbell had been searching for this bundle for several years and she knew its significance. She knew that these seeming 'rags' were actually a priceless historic relic, a relic which had been missing for 50 years.

On February 22, 1837, only a few weeks after achieving statehood, Michigan's 'boy' governor, Stevens T. Mason presented the Detroit Brady Guard, an early militia organization recognized as the forerunner of today's Michigan National Guard, with an elegant white silk banner.   The flag had been painted by noted Detroit artist Alvin Smith. On one side was a full length portrait of Governor Mason himself. ON the other was a portrait of General Hugh Brady, various other designs and the coat-of-arms of the new state. It was the very first time that Michigan's coat-of-arms had appeared on a flag, leading everyone, then and now, to regard the Brady Guard flag (as it has come to be known) as the state's first flag.

In 1851, General Brady died and the flag was furled and stored away. Ten years later, in April 1861, in response to Lincoln's call for volunteers following the firing on Fort Sumter, the flag was unfurled again and the first 100 recruits who signed up under its folds became Company A (also known as the Detroit Light Guard) of the First Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment (3 months).  Although it is unlikely that the flag saw duty during the Civil War, its actual whereabouts during those years is unknown. In fact, after the Civil War, the flag was lost for so many years that many had begun to doubt it ever existed, until Mrs. Campbell's amazing discovery.

At Mrs. Campbell's urging, the flag was sent to the Kent Scientific Museum in Grand Rapids, now the Grand Rapids Public Museum. Here it was cleaned and its frail parts glued to silk gauze, not a treatment considered suitable today but accepted procedure then. In 1912, it was returned to the Michigan State Capitol for display in a huge plate glass case built to house it in the rotunda Military Museum in the basement of the Capitol. And then, somehow in full view of everyone, the flag went missing again.

In 1949, Ellen Hathaway, Michigan teacher and author of a history of the Capitol for young readers, discovered that the flag on exhibit in the Brady Guard flag case was really a Civil War battle flag. No one knew how, why or exactly when the Civil War flag replaced the Brady Guard flag. Worse, no one knew what had become of the state's first flag. Had it burned in a devastating fire in the Capitol in 1931?

And there the matter might have rested, an enduring mystery, until a recent unexpected development. Loren Shattuck lives in a home in Mason, Michigan, originally owned by Lawton T. Hemans, a man who twice ran for governor, developed an absorbing interest in Stevens T. Mason, and wrote the definite biography of the boy governor (published in 1920, after Hemans' death). Shattuck was preparing his house for a historic home tour when he wrote Hemans' grandson, Tom Hemans, for additional information. Hemans did better: he sent several boxes of memorabilia. In the material was a slender envelop containing three things: a small fragment of thin white silk and two black and white photographs. The photographs show the front and back of a large, crumpled flag. Clearly visible on the front of the flag is the Michigan state coat-of-arms and the legend, 'Presented by Stevens T. Mason February 22, 1837.'  On the back is the figure of Stevens T. Mason. Shattuck had just discovered the only known photographs of the state's first flag and a scrap of the flag itself.

Shattuck showed the material to a local historian with a particular interest in early Michigan history, Craig Whitford. Whitford immediately understood the implications of the items, and contacted Kerry Chartkoff, who had long been interested in the history and fate of the Brady Guard flag. How had this material ended in Hemans' possession?  We may never know, but Hemans ran for governor in 1908 and 1910, just before Mrs. Campbell discovered the flag in the Capitol in 1911. He was passionately interested in everything to do with Mason, and here was the flag Mason himself had presented, bearing Mason's own likeness!  He lived in the nearby city of Mason and could easily upon hearing of its discovery have come to view (and photograph) the flag for himself.

The importance of Shattuck's and Whitford's discovery is immense. They have resurrected an image important to historians, vexillologists,  the Michigan National Guard (whose ancestral flag this is), the city of Mason, the descendants of Lawton Hemans (an important figure in his own right, largely forgotten today) and the many Michigan citizens who dutifully learned that Michigan has had three official state flags but, until now, never knew that the first one looked like.


contributed by Kerry Chartkoff, Chair, Michigan Save the Flags Committee
Source: State of Michigan web site





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