Leoni Township

Line Divider

From "The History of Jackson County, Michigan" 1881


    The township of Leoni, organized under the act of the Territorial Legislature in 1836, is the most extensive division of the county, containing no less than 50 sections.  The new township was formed from the north part of Napoleon and the south-eastern portion of West Portage or Henrietta,—two tracts of land containing over 29,000 acres.  The Portage river forms the northern boundary.  The town then comprised a part of Napoleon, Grass Lake, as well as all to the north of range 1 and 2, east.  The Michigan Central road runs through the town, and has stations at both Michigan Center and Leoni, the only settlements in the town.  There are two churches in the town, a Methodist and a Congregational.  The Methodists had a college at Leoni village, but it has not been in operation for some time, and the buildings have lately been secured by the citizens, who intend starting a Normal school, to be called the Central Normal School.  The Methodists first opened their school about 25 years ago.  The Congregational church is located at Michigan Center.  There are two post offices in the town, one at the Center and the other at Leoni.
    The first election of township officers took place in 1836 at the house of Isaac Howe, and resulted in the choice of Josiah Mills for first supervisor.  Many prominent citizens have since filled that position, the last supervisor being A. A. Sullivan.  The justices of the peace are John P. Kaywood, John Haylie, Myron Craft and John Stuart.  H. P. Gardner is town clerk, and Henry Scofield, treasurer.
    Harriet Jacobs, the wife of James Jacobs, who died in April, 1832, constituted the first subject for an obituary notice in the township.
Allen Knight was the first school-teacher, having established himself in a log building one-half mile east of the present village of Leoni.  The first school-house was built the same year, and was located in township 3 south, range 1 east; the name of the first teacher is not to be found on the record ; nor is that of the teacher who took charge of the school established at Leoni in 1835.  There are now 11 school-houses in the township.
    The first sermon preached in the township was that by Rev. Elijah H. Pilcher in 1832.  The house of Jos. H. Otis was the church on that occasion.  The Free-Will Baptists formed a congregation there at a later date, and the Methodist Episcopals in 1835-'6.
Moses P. Crowell was the first postmaster, or incumbent of the office held at present by H. P. Gardner.
    This township has been the scene of many of the strange and sorrowful events recorded in the pages of the county history.
    The early settlers of Leoni were : Richard Scott, Josiah Mills, John Quick, D. H. Mills, E. G. Mills, M. W. Coolbaugh, Julius Sekeil, L. P. Penneld, C. D. Coykendall, Jesse Rosier, Algernon Cooper, John Palmer, A. S. Palmer, Gilbert M. Walldorff, Jesse B. Walldorff, Orlin Walldorff, Jonathan Smith, Geo. A. Smith, Charles H. Smith, Andrew J. Murray, Aaron Murray, Truman T. Lawrence, Solomon Showers, Abram Showers, Edward M. Barnes, Homer Barnes, Lorenzo B. Bagley, Isaac Bagley, Joseph B. Lockwood, David H. Lockwood, Isaac Sekeil, Calvin Cooper, Joseph Price, E. J. Price, Richard Price, Theo. Updike, Tyler Main, Ezekiel Ladu.
    The manufacturing interests are represented at present by a cider-mill, an apple-jelly factory, and a pump factory.  Formerly the industries inaugurated and fostered by Col. Shoemaker held a high place among the manufacturing establishments of Jackson and surrounding counties; but as his attention was turned to more extensive works and greater enterprises, he disposed of his interests in the manufactures of Leoni.
    The following summary of history from the pen of Z. M. Barber deals extensively with township happenings.  He states, that in the spring of 1831, Joseph H. Otis, of Vermont, James Jacobs, Ira W. Kellogg, David Laverty and James Lake came from Niagara County, N. Y., and located farms near the village of Leoni, Mr. Otis choosing that part of sections 1 and 2, in town 3 south, range 1 east, upon which the village of Leoni now stands.  After the location of their lands and preparing for their future homes, they all returned and brought back their families in the fall of the same year.
    "Isaac Barber and Z. M. Barber, the writer of this sketch, came back with their step-father, Jos. H. Otis.  At that time we found that Mr. David Sterling had squatted on the southeast quarter of section 2, which is about 80 rods south of the village of Leoni.  He claimed to have located there in the spring of 1829, and with the help of the Indians had built a small log house, and the same year broke up three acres and sowed it in wheat.  On the arrival of Father Otis and family, we found in readiness only the body of a log house; but we all went to work with a will and soon found ourselves comfortably quartered in our new home; and during the fall our new colony got all well settled in small log houses.
    "The following winter Joab Page came from Vermont with his family, and occupied a part of our house.  He came prepared to build a saw-mill, bringing his mill irons with him.  He located his mill about a mile and a half southwest of Leoni village, on the stream running through Leoni.   The following spring a number of families came in and settled in the vicinity.  Among them were Jacob Sagendorph, Joel F. Parks, Abram, Theodore, John Quick, Elder Limbacker, Josiah Mills and Bildad Bennett.  Elder Limbacker preached the first sermon in a small log school-house about a half-mile east of the village.
    "In the spring of 1832 we came to Jacksonburgh to attend a township meeting,—the whole county comprising but one township.  In 1833 the Territorial Legislature divided the county into four townships—Grass Lake, Napoleon, Jackson and Spring Arbor.  Leoni village was situate in the north part of Napoleon.  In the winter of 1833 Ira W. Kellogg commenced getting out timber for a grist-mill.  Moses I. Crowell had been appointed postmaster, Father Otis had opened tavern in his double log house, and a line of stages had been established, running between Detroit and St. Joseph.  All these improvements seemed to attract the attention of immigrants.  In the summer of 1834 Mr. Otis secured the services of H. J. Goodale to plat the village of Leoni.  In the fall Mr. Kellogg started his mill, which was a joyous event to the old pioneers of the county, as hitherto they had been compelled to go to Dexter for their milling.  About this time immigrants were coming in rapidly, and our village was filling with speculators and adventurers.
    "In the winter of 1833-'4 a gentleman who had quite a business tact came to our place and wanted to form a company to go into the general banking business, and he proposed to furnish a large share of the capital.  He found no difficulty in starting the enterprise, and after the company was formed he selected a location three-quarters of a mile north of the village, which was afterward known as Bogus Island.  Surrounded by an almost impenetrable swamp, an oak stump was the base of operations.  Dies and printing materials were procured, and all the necessary arrangements having been made in the winter, business commenced in the spring.  Soon money began to be more plenty.  The hotel was crowded with strangers.  The circulation of their money increased, and in many cases their paper money was readily exchanged for coin.  With this company whisky seemed to be the chief article of trade.  Everything seemed lovely, and the future was full of promise, when one day some of the Jacksonburgh officials dropped down on them, causing no little uneasiness among the members of the company at first; but through some arrangement between the parties, the money and fixtures were taken to Jacksonburgh, leaving nothing behind but the old oak stump.  What was done with the money and fixtures has never been made public.  It was then Leoni against the world.
    "In 1835 John M. Whitwell commenced selling goods in Leoni, and supplied a long-needed want, and our mothers and sisters could sport in new calico dresses and Navarino bonnets."
    Leoni township was organized in 1836, by taking the north part of Napoleon and the southeast part of West Portage, now Henrietta, making the largest township in the county, containing over 29,000 acres.  Josiah Mills was elected the first supervisor.
    Time passed and the pioneers of Jackson county proved in the main to be an energetic, enterprising and noble race, as is evinced by their public schools, their well-cultivated farms and tasteful, rural homes, with all the comforts and appointments of life.  Forty years ago the pioneers of Jackson county were mostly young men and women who came to this county, and set themselves up in business, and commenced the active duties of life, full of hope in the future.  Forty years, and one by one they have fallen and been laid aside, and we pass on until the old faces, once so familiar to us, are so seared by time, and so seldom seen, that our greetings are almost as strangers.
    In 1836 William Jackson came through Leoni looking for wild land, which was very scarce in those days.  Leoni appeared to him a second garden of Eden, and the natural beauty of the location made such an impression on his mind, that in October, 1838, he chose it for his home, and engaged in the sale of dry-goods, groceries, Sapington's ague-pills, and Peleg White's salve, and subsequently sold Pratt's pills and Lond's ointment.  Jacksonburgh was then a mere territory, adjoining the independent State of Leoni.
    The villages of the township are Leoni and Michigan Center.  The M. C. R. R. passes through each, and on each conferring all those benefits which result from the proximity of the iron way.  The dwellings of the people are neat and substantial, the farms extensive and fertile, and the entire face of the country bears evidence of prosperity and progress.
    The following returns of the November election show pretty clearly the strength of political parties within the township :— Electors—Hancock, 157; Garfield, 189; Weaver, 52.  Governor— Holloway, 169; Jerome, 181; Woodman, 47. Congress—Pringle, 132; Lacy, 186; Hodge, 78.  Senator—Wilson, 139; Goodwin, 183; Palmer, 73.  Judge of Probate—Powell, 154; Gould, 179; Anderson, 66.  County Clerk—Covert, 152; Van Horn, 187; Moe, 59.  Register of Deeds—Townley, 166; Ray, 178; Hinshaw, 57.  Sheriff—-Winney, 107; Lockwood, 184; Terry, 108.  Treasurer— Wheeler, 152; Ludlow, 182; Townley, 63.  Prosecuting Attorney—Barkworth, 106; Shark, 197; Hewlett, 96.  County Surveyor, —Bean, 155; Crowl 186; Cook, 58.  Circuit Court Commissioner— Merwin, 205; McDevitt, 211; Blair, 184; Welch, 192; Merwin, 206; McDevitt, 212.  Coroner—Finn, 150; Olmstead, 152; Bedford, 188; Thurman, 185; Cook, 60; Curtis, 58.  Representative —Bunker, 169; Yarrington, 175; Brown, 50.


    Of some of the more prominent pioneers and other citizens of Leoni township, it is proper to speak more in detail, as their lives have been so closely identified with the history of this section of the county.

    Mrs. Elizabeth ALDRICH was born in Seneca County, N. Y., June 23, 1832, daughter of Jacob and Octavia (Warner) Newkirk, of the same State; came with her parents to Ohio at a very early age; moved to Adrian in 1842; received the education which the schools of that day offered, and married Geo. N. Aldrich in 1850.  In 1857 Mrs. Aldrich moved to Jackson with her husband.  He was employed by Alonzo Bennett, and was subsequently overseer of one of the prison factories in the employ of Mr. Bennett and in that of Col.Withington, which position he held until his death in May, 1873.  They were the parents of 2 children—Helen Octavia, born in May, 1851, and died in May, 1875; and Libbie A., born Nov. 23, 1856, now Mrs. E. B. Miller, of Leoni.  Mrs. Aldrich moved to Leoni in the spring of 1870, when she caused her present house to be built.

    Lorenzo BAGLEY, an old and well-known resident of Leoni Township, was born in Seneca County, N. Y., Oct. 12, 1812.  His parents were William M. and Elizabeth (Frazer) Bagley, natives of New Jersey, and of German descent.  Mr. Bagley received such an education as was available in the common schools of that early day; was brought up to farming pursuits; came with his mother to Michigan, June 8, 1837; located on section 24, which he greatly improved.  He married Elmira Burkhart, a native of Cayuga County, N. Y., and their children areas follows: Frank F., born in 1849; George, 1851; Minettie E., in 1853; Ida J., Feb. 22, 1856; Dora A., 1859; Nelson W., 1861; Alfred F., 1867; and Mina A., July 30, 1870.  Mr. Bagley was a resident of Gratiot County some seven years, then sold out and came back to the old homestead, which he inhabited at the death of his mother in 1863, at the advanced age of 81 years and six months.  He has since resided there, and with his family are prominent members of the M. E. Church.  During the colonization of this district, Mr. Bagley was often times compelled to travel to Detroit for flour and other articles; during one of such trips, the traveler, oxen and wagon got so completely fixed in one of the many swamps on the old trail, that the horses and oxen of advancing immigrants, numbering two of the former and two of the latter, in addition to his own span, failed to draw that wagon from the bed of mud; the traveler resolved to leave the wagon in its position until the dawn of the morrow, when, with the aid of his horses and stout oaken levers, that which seemed to be lost was saved, and Mr. Bagley was enabled to go his way rejoicing; having reached Detroit he purchased two barrels of flour for $11 each and set out on his homeward journey.  During the return trip he disposed of one barrel for $17, and thus were the olden days passed by.

    Zimri M. BARBER was born Sept. 18, 1816, in Niagara County, N. Y., the son of Benedict and Laura (McNall) Barber.  Having received a common-school education, he labored on the farm until the age of 19, when he learned the carpenter's trade.  Subsequently he attended school at Jackson under Hon. H. H. Bingham.  His family removed to Michigan in 1831 and located on the site of his present home, in this township.  Mr. Barber on his arrival here, worked at the trade of wheelwright seven or eight years.  In 1841 he purchased the homestead from J. H. Otis, his stepfather.  The barn which stands on the roadside east of the house was the second frame building erected in that district.  During the earlier years of settlement Mr. Barber brought wheat to the Detroit market, sold it at 75 cents per bushel and lost six days in making the trip.  In 1846 he entered into partnership with Peter C. Lawrence, and conducted a store at Leoni for some time.  He went to California in the winter of 1850, where he made a stay of five years; returning in 1855 he resumed his farming labors; but found that his former partner had contracted debts amounting to $1,600, including $300 Government claim; these claims he settled, and soon after married Mrs. Hannah Tinker, a Pennsylvanian,  They were the parents of 5 children, 2 of whom are living, viz.: Fred. C, born June 18, 1856, now a telegraph operator at Leoni; and Kate A., born May 12, 1863.  Mrs. Barber died Feb. 12, 1878.  A reference to the historical chapters of this work will show the important part taken by Mr. Barber in the affairs of the county.  His nephew, Albert M. Barber, has for many years labored in the interest of his uncle, and is the recognized inheritor of the property.

    L. B. BEARDSLEY was born July 31, 1817, in Monroe county, N. Y., son of Charles and Hannah (Shoules) Beardsley; received a fair education in the common schools of Tompkins County, where the family removed previous to their migration to Michigan in 1836.  Mr. Beardsley first located in Rives Township, where he engaged in farming; subsequently moved to Jackson, where he was engaged in buying wheat and wool for Hayden & Co.  He married Eleanor Shaw in 1843, and they have had 5 children, 3 of whom are living.  Mrs. B. died in 1854, and March 9, 1856, Mr. B. married Miss Mary Ann Walker, born in Monroe county, in 1819.  He has retired from business, and now resides at the village of Leoni, enjoying well-earned repose.

    Ephraim BEEBE was born Oct. 11, 1808, in Vermont; is the son of Ephraim and Tryphena (Hale) Beebe.  In his early years Mr. B. walked to the district school every morning and returned every afternoon, the journey being six miles to and fro, which was made over an ice-encumbered lake.  The family moved to a district in New York State now called Wyoming County, in 1822, where the education of Mr. Beebe was finished.  There, also, he learned the trade of shoemaker, after which his travels led him to Canada, where he married Miss Mary Buck, of Erie County, N. Y., in 1831.  They are the parents of 6 children, 5 of whom are living.  Returning to New York in 1833, he purchased a small farm, made several changes, and in June, 1837, came to this county, locating in Pulaski Township; came to Leoni in July, 1849, locating on the section now occupied by Ansel Norton, and moved to his present home in 1851.  He has been honored with several township offices, and has contributed to all public efforts.

    Chester Du BOIS, born Aug. 28, 1822, in Saratoga County, N. Y., is the son of Cornelius and Deborah (Payne) DuBois; received a liberal education in the common school and the academy of Galway, Saratoga Co., N. Y.  Following the example of his five brothers, he taught school for some time, but ultimately turned his attention to farming, and labored on the old homestead until his immigration to Michigan in 1848.  That year he bought the premises he now occupies, and returned to New York in 1849, where he married Miss Mary Taylor, daughter of John Taylor, of Saratoga County.  They have 3 children, viz. : H. D., born Nov. 18, 1852; Hattie A., July 4, 1854, and William J., Feb. 17, 1858.  During the civil war Mr. Du Bois was active in such measures as tended to procure troops, and since that period has taken an important place in the economy of the township of Leoni.

    Daniel BOYNTON was born in Grass Lake Township Sept. 9, 1843, and is the son of Zerah and Permelia (Buss) Boynton, natives of Vermont, and of English ancestry.  His father come to Michigan in 1835; is one of the old pioneers of Grass Lake Township, where he still resides.  Daniel received a very liberal education, attended the Michigan Collegiate Institute at Leoni for a number of years, at which institute he completed his education; taught school three winters, managing his father's farm during the summer.  He was married July 3, 1864, to Mary E. Burkhart, born in Jackson County March 18, 1844; their children are as follows: Edgar M., born Oct. 9, 1865; Lottie E., April 4, 1868; Harry Ward, Oct. 7, 1874.  Soon after marriage Mr. Boynton purchased 160 acres of land on sections 22 and 23, this township; went into partnership with Mr. A. Watts in conducting the "Wild-Cat Mill," which firm continued until the purchase of Mr. Watts' interest by Mr. Boynton and his father in the spring of 1876, since which time Mr. B. has successfully conducted the same; he has recently moved from the mill to his farm, where he has erected a commodious residence and is rapidly making improvements.  He was elected Supervisor in the spring of 1878, which office he very ably tilled for two successive terms.  He is very popular and highly esteemed throughout the county.  Has been Superintendent of Sabbath-schools for a great many years, and, with his family, are members of the Congregational Church at North Leoni.

    Almon CAIN was born April 23, 1806, in Herkimer County, N. Y., son of Barney and Clara (Crane) Cain, of the same State.  He received the ordinary common-school education; was a boatman on the Erie canal some 14 years; was the owner of three boats, and a successful carrier until his retirement in 1834, when he began the commission business in produce at Buffalo.  He continued a commercial life until 1852, when he came to this township to take possession of land which he entered in 1835, aggregating 200 acres.  April 14, 1855, he married Dorcas Nicholson, from Monroe county, N. Y., 20 years his junior.  Mr. and Mrs. C. have 3 children, viz.: Harriet R, born Feb. 19, 1856; Ida M., June 13, 1858, and Almon H., April 22, 1861.  Mr. Cain is a self-made man, energetic, and holds a place in the ranks of useful citizens.

    Samuel CHAPPELL was born in England, March 28, 1825, the son of Samuel and Mary (Sampson) Chappell.  The family emigrated to America in 1836; located in what is now Wyoming County, N. Y., where Samuel received a common-school education; was raised to farming pursuits, in Genesee County, N. Y., where his parents resided some years.  In 1841 they came to Michigan and located in Columbia Township.  After returning to New York State for the purpose of closing up some unfinished business connected with his father's estate, Mr. C. returned to Michigan.  He was married July 4, 1849, to Harriet Morton, born in Tompkins County, N. Y., May 23,1832.  They have 5 children, as follows: Alice C, born Jan. 23, 1851; Edgar, Aug. 20, 1853; Eva, April 3, 1855; Barry O., July 30, 1862, and Dora, Nov. 9, 1864.  For some three years after marriage, Mr. C. lived in Washtenaw County; in 1852 came to Jackson County; made several removals, and finally located on section 35, in 1873.  Mr. and Mrs. Chappell are prominent members of the M. E. Church; are active workers in behalf of the Sabbath schools, in which Mr. C. is a popular teacher.  He was a member of the Barry Horse Guards, at that time a famous organization, a full account of which is given in the chapters relating to the military history of the county, on another page.  He was elected Supervisor of Springbrook Township in 1872, but has always had an aversion to holding public offices.

    Joshua CLEMENT, a popular farmer and stock-raiser, of Leoni Township, was born in Orange County, N. Y., Sept. 3, 1818, and is the son of Bartlett S. and Catherine (McClough) Clement, of English-Irish descent.  He received quite a liberal common-school education; was brought up on a farm and taught school several years; clerked in Ithaca, New York; afterward returned to farming pursuits.  Upon the removal of the family to this county in the fall of 1843, they located and remained in what is now Summit Township some two years.  Mr. Clement was married March 19, 1845, to Elizabeth Taylor, daughter of Elihu and Elizabeth Bennett, who settled in Jackson County in 1836.  This marriage was blessed with 3 children, as follows: William H., born May 27, 1846, died March, 1872; Katie E., born May 13, 1848, died in September, 1865; Bartlett E., born May 13, 1850, and is now residing with his father.  One year after marriage Mr. Clement assisted his father-in-law in the management of his farm.  In the spring of 1848 removed to his present home, where he has since resided.  He now owns 265 acres of valuable land with fine improvements.  Mr. Clement has held all the minor township offices; has been School Director almost constantly; is a staunch supporter of popular education; was elected Supervisor nine terms, and by appointment, to fill a vacancy one term.  In the fall of 1870 he was elected a member of the Legislature, and represented his district in the regular term of 1871, and the special term in the spring of 1872.  William H. was educated for the medical profession; was a promising student at the time of his death.

    Calvin COOPER, farmer and stock-raiser, was born in Rensselaer County, N. Y., Dec. 27, 1819, the 2d son of Ferdinand and Charity (Barringer) Cooper, natives of New York, and of Scotch-German ancestry.  Mr. Cooper received a common-school education and was was brought up on a farm.  He was married Nov., 1840, to Polly Caldwell.  They have had 3 children, of whom 1 is living—Ambrose, born July 17, 1847. Mrs. C. died in 1849.  Mr. C. lived in Washtenaw County, where he moved in 1845; in Lenawee County, where he remained about five years; and in December, 1857, came to Leoni Township, where he has since resided.  Mr. Cooper was married April 24, 1850, to Sarah Thomas, born in 1826, in Orleans county, N. Y.  This marriage was blessed with 7 children, 3 of whom are living, as follows: Ella M., born June 27, 1857, now the wife of John F. Soper; Fred G., born June 17, 1862; and Dora K., Jan. 8, 1864.  Mr. C. is a self-made man, and is highly esteemed by all who know him.  Mrs. Cooper is a devoted member of the M. E. Church.

    E. S. CRADIT was born Oct. 18, 1812, in Orange County, N. Y., son of Henry and Elizabeth (Seurs) Cradit, of New York; removed to Tompkins County, N. Y., with parents in early youth; received a liberal education, and labored on his father's farm until the period of his marriage, in 1836, to Miss H. Corwin, of New Jersey.  Mr. and Mrs. Cradit were parents of 8 children, 2 of whom are living, viz.: Wm. F., born April 27, 1851; and Theo. E., born Feb. 12, 1859.  One of the deceased sons, Charles H., enlisted in the 3d Mich. Cavalry, and participated in the affairs of Corinth and Holly Springs, but was killed April 25, 1865, while en route from New Orleans to Mobile.  Mr. Cradit located his present home in the fall of 1836, and, like the other pioneer farmers, converted the wilderness into a garden.  A portrait of Mr. Cradit will be found on page 417.

    Joseph W. DAVIS, born Oct. 6, 1827, in Niagara County, N. Y., is a son of George and Polly (Darling) Davis; came to Michigan in 1835, with his parents, who resided for a time at Jackson, and procured a deed of section 31, in April, 1837, which document bears the signature of President Van Buren; afterward went to the township of Leoni.  Jos. W. remained at home until 1850, when he went overland to California, occupying six months in making the trip.  There he engaged in mercantile and mining business; returned after a four years' stay, and resumed occupation of the old homestead in June, 1854.  He was married March 17, 1859, to Miss Christiana C. Dutton, and their 3 children are—Adell, born in 1861; Zimri I., 1863; and Horace R, May 18, 1865.  Mr. Davis has held a few responsible township offices, and is a man of large experience.  His father, one of the old settlers, died in 1850.

    Mrs. Seloma Bagley DAVIS was born Aug. 19, 1807, in Cayuga County, N. Y.; attended the common schools of the district until the removal of her family to Ashland County, Ohio, in 1818, where she completed her studies, and married John Davis, Sept. 3, 1825.  Mr. Davis was born in 1802 in the State of New York; removed to Ohio, and subsequently to Leoni Township in the spring of 1838, when he settled on the "Kufus" farm, changing in 1844 to his present location, which was then a  dense wilderness, with the exception of a clearing of two acres.  Of their 8 children, 3 survive: Laura was born May 24,1824; David S., Jan. 31,1826, died Sept 16, 1880; Job T., Oct. 18, 1828, died 1841; Cynthia A., Mar. 24, 1830; Theresa, June 14, 1833, died 1854; Sarah, Feb. 13, 1836; Emily, Oct. 5, 1838; and Roenia A., Nov. 24, 1845, died 1863.  Mr. Davis died Oct. 30, 1880, aged 78 years.

    H. A. DRAPER was born July 22, 1838, at Rives, Jackson Co.; his father was F. M. J. Draper, and mother Maria L. (Smith) Draper, of Erie County, N. Y.  Mr. Draper passed through the ordinary common-school course and completed his studies under Prof. Ripley, at the West Union high school.  In 1860 he married Miss Isabella Anderson, who was born in Tompkins Township March, 1841.  They are the parents of 5 children, viz.: Ida M., born in 1861, now Mrs. D. S. Underwood, of Leoni; Charlie M., born Dec. 29, 1862; Tad Warren, born Aug. 14, 1867; Osmer Cole, born Dec. 11, 1871, and Randall, born May 24, 1875.  Mr. Draper purchased a tract of land in Rives, where he dwelt until 1874.  That year he bought the Rhodes farm, improved it and made it his home.  Mr. and Mrs. Draper are members of the M. E. Church, of Leoni, near which village their farm of 190 acres and residence is situated.

    Jacob R. ENGLISH was born April 21, 1804, son of Jacob and Mary (Sutton) English, of New Jersey; received a limited education; with his family removed to Pennsylvania in 1810; returned to New York after a 12 years' stay, and engaged in mercantile pursuits in Tompkins County, N. Y.; subsequently he was employed in the manufacture of fanning-mills seven or eight years, and was married to Miss Jane Updike, of New York, in 1846.  They were the parents of 3 sons and 6 daughters, all living.  After marriage Mr. E. removed to Stark County, Ohio, where he remained 17 years.  In 1852 he came to Michigan, located in Grass Lake Township, where he remained five years, and subsequently purchased his present farm in Leoni.  This he improved, converting from a wild state into fertile fields.

    Truman FARR was born Oct. 29, 1805, at Fort Ann, N. Y., son of Reuben and Lucy Farr; received a liberal education in the common schools of his native county, after which he labored on his father's farm; June 8, 1826, he married Harriet Mead, and their children are—Hortensia, born in 1828; Geo. M., 1830; Mary M., 1832; Horace, 1833; Edwin R, 1837; and D. C, Sept. 18, 1839.  Ten years after marriage Mr. F. came to Michigan, and located in Washtenaw County; a year later, took up his residence in Lenawee, where he met with many troubles.  His wife and children were suffering from malaria, and himself from enemies, who defrauded him of 160 acres of land.  He was employed in a manufacturing establishment 27 years, after which he purchased a farm in Washtenaw, where he remained four years, returned to Lenawee County, and lived until 1857, when he moved to Norvell Township, and seven years after purchased a farm in Leoni.  In  1867 he returned to Washtenaw, and settled on his farm near Leoni village in 1876.  He purchased the Richard Scott farm toward the close of 1880, on which he purposes to reside.    Mrs. Farr died Oct. 23, 1878.

    Andrew J. FREELAND was born in Seneca County, N. Y., April 16, 1820, son of Peter and Anna (Demorest) Freeland, of New Jersey; received a fair education in the schools of his native village, and subsequently in the select school at Jackson, kept by Mr. Southwick.  His father came to Jackson village in 1835, followed an Indian trail seven miles southwest, now Summit, where he settled, and remained until 1848, when A. J. went to Leoni Township to work for Col. Shoemaker.  In 1851 he was abducted by the railroad conspirators, tried in Detroit and sentenced to a term of imprisonment.  This incident is given fully in the county history.  The troubles of 1851 and his unjust imprisonment have been felt by this man keenly, nor can he forget the series of treacherous arts which were made use of to destroy him, with his fellow citizens.  In 1835 he married Miss Matilda Welch, and they had 4 children.  His mother died in 1879, aged 86 years.

    H. P. GARDNER was born July 13, 1843, son of Hiram and Sarah (Crowell) Gardner, natives of New York State, and of English ancestry.  They came to Jackson County in 1835; entered land in Grass Lake Township, where they resided some six years; located in Leoni in 1843; they are still living, aged respectively 77 and 74 years.  The subject of this sketch received a liberal education in the common schools; also attended the Leoni Collegiate Institute for several terms. He remained with his parents about two years, until the breaking out of the Rebellion, when he enlisted in the 20th Mich. Vol. Inf.; was actively engaged in many battles, including Vicksburg; Jackson, Miss.; Loudon, Tenn.; Blue Spring; Knoxville; battle of the Wilderness, May 8 to 11, 1864; Spottsylvania, May 12, where he was wounded.  After recovery, was sent on special duty to Washington, where he was mustered out in June, 1865, by orders from the War Department.  An interesting memento in Mr. G.'s possession is a pocket Bible, in which is imbedded a minie ball which was aimed by a rebel sharp-shooter, and would doubtless have accomplished the mission of its sender, had not the little book been there to stay its progress.  At the expiration of the war, Mr. G. took up his residence in Jackson, where he engaged in business.  He was married Jan. 1, 1866, to E. A. Dipple, born in Darlington, Wis.; they are the parents of 3 children, as follows: Cora E., born Nov. 26, 1866; Nellie G., March 6, 1869; and Willie D., born in Leoni, Dec. 26, 1870.  Mr. G. remained in Wisconsin two years; returned to Leoni about 1870, where he has since resided; was appointed Postmaster in 1870, and still holds the position; also station agent, and the only merchant in Leoni; was elected Township Clerk the spring of 1877, and is President of the village.  Mr. Gardner is a genial gentleman and very popular with all of his acquaintances.

    Edward GREENWOOD is a native of England, born Jan, 30, 1826, 3d son of Edward and Mary (Weaver) Greenwood. nHis early education was very limited, although he made quite successful efforts to acquire the common branches after reaching the years of manhood.  He was married June 2, 1851, to Elizabeth Towers, born July 21, 1830; they are the parents of 11 children, 4 of whom are living—Eliza Ann, born Aug. 5, 1859; Willard T., April 21, 1861; Mary Jane, Aug. 5, 1869, and Harriet Elizabeth, May 29,1874.  Immediately after marriage, in company with several brothers and other friends, they emigrated to America; they came direct to Grass Lake Township, where himself and wife were employed for about two years; afterward worked a farm on shares for two seasons; then rented a farm three years, until his purchase of 80 acres, one mile east of where he now resides; lived there seven or eight years; sold out and in 1866 purchased the premises which he has since occupied.  He has made many improvements, including the handsome family residence, which was erected about 1875.  His success in life is the result of frugality, perseverance and industry.  Himself and family are members of the M. E. Church at Leoni.

    Wm. H. HUDSON was born Nov. 27, 1816, in Vermont, son of Samuel and Polly (Field) Hudson; received that education which the curriculum of the common schools then established, offered.  In 1836 he traveled westward, arrived at Dunkirk, took a boat to Detroit and thence to Jackson.  During this journey he had one companion, his ax, and a little cash.  The last two he soon lost; his comrade stole a dog while en route, and sold said animal for $3.  On reaching Jackson, Wm. H. was employed in the mill of Ford & Son, with whom he remained seven years.  Feb. 3, 1839, he married Miss R. M. Palmer; they have had 6 children, 2 of whom are living.  Mr. Hudson entered agricultural life after marriage, but returned to his trade, which he followed for a short time, when he moved to Michigan Center in 1846; worked for Col. Shoemaker five and one-half years in the mill; removed to a farm, and ultimately purchased the mill at Leoni, which he conducted three years.  In 1856 he entered into partnership with Col. Shoemaker, and sold his interest to Mr. Wisner in 1863, when he re-entered the agricultural lists and now possesses a fine farm of 200 acres, well improved.

    O. H. KELLOGG was born Jan. 17, 1828, in Tompkins County, N. Y., son of Stephen and Electa (Strowbridge) Kellogg, of the same State; received a liberal common-school education and then entered upon the duties of an agriculturist.  His marriage with Hannah Jane Carpenter took place July 4, 1851, and their 2 children are—Electa M., born May 21, 1853, and Frank E., born in 1855.  In 1856 Mr. K. with his family removed to Newaygo County, Mich.; entered 320 acres of land, which he disposed of in 1858, and removed to Leoni Township, the same year; after varied changes he selected the site of his present dwelling in 1879, improved it, and it now appears to be the home of his future years.  He has filled several minor township offices in a very efficient manner.  His father, Stephen Kellogg, in his 80th year, still lives on the old homestead in New York.

    Abram MAXSOM was born May 10, 1830, in Wyoming County, N. Y., son of Abraham C. and Diana (Matteson) Maxson, of Vermont.  He came to Michigan with his parents in 1836, who entered 320 acres, sections 19 and 20, where Mr. Maxson now lives.  He labored on the homestead farm, in the capacity of a millwright, and on the railroad, until his marriage with Miss Catherine E. Welch in 1850.  Subsequently he purchased land near his parents' homestead, where he dwelt four years.  This property he disposed of, and in its stead bought 118 acres on section 17, where he resided until 1855.  He enlisted in the 26th Mich. Vol. Inf., Sept. 8, 1862, with which regiment he served until the close of the war, and returned to his home July 23, 1865.  His father died April 4, 1876, at the ripe old age of 80 years.  Like many of his neighbors, he surmounted every obstacle, and is now one of the prosperous citizens of the county.

    Samuel MILLER was born July 23, 1810, son of James and Charity (Updike) Miller, of New York State.  He received a fair education; was brought up to agricultural pursuits until 1861, when he enlisted in the 12th U. S. Inf.; was mustered into service, but was discharged in the course of a month owing to physical disability.  He was married Jan. 22, 1863, to Miss Caroline E. Smith, and they are the parents of 5 children—Eva M., born 1864; Emma J., Dec. 30, 1866; Elgin L., 1868; Emory O., 1871; and Eda S., Nov. 29, 1874.  Mr. Miller purchased his farm in 1869; his dwelling was burned in 1876, resulting, it is said, from the explosion of an oil lamp.  In 1871 he was stricken with paralysis, from which he has now almost recovered; his farm of 200 acres and the improvements make a very valuable property, which his own industry created.

    Ansel NORTON, a native of Connecticut, was born in 1804.  His parents moved to Monroe County, N Y., in 1806, and to Michigan in 1846.  March 3, 1831, he married Maria Morrill, born in Vermont in 1814, and they are the parents of Mary R., born Feb. 11, 1832; Ruth M., Dec. 13, 1834; Nathan S., July 15, 1843; and Charles M., Sept. 7, 1848.  In 1846 he located 120 acres on section 35, Leoni Township, where he lived until 1863, when he moved to his present home.

    John PALMER, one of the pioneers of Jackson County, was born in New Jersey, May 6, 1810, and is the son of Edward and Mercy (Hall) Palmer, natives of England.  John's education was quite deficient; attended school but 13 days in his life; was employed as a farm hand until he went to the State of New York, where his mother resided.  Was married in Tompkins County, N. Y., in 1833, to Hannah Laycock.  They have had 7 children, of whom 4 are now living—2 daughters and 2 sons, all residents of Michigan.  In June, 1835, Mr. Palmer came to Michigan, remaining in Washtenaw County one year.  The following year he located in Leoni Township, one mile east of his present home.  The country was then a wilderness.  Indians were numerous; 15 or 20 of them would frequently camp on his premises.  They were peaceable; would often ask for food, which they would promise to pay for.  They would have drunken frolics.  On one occasion Mr. Palmer remembers, he approached a party of them who were sleeping off the effects of one of their drunken orgies.  One of their number, a sober Indian, was on watch.  When asked by Mr. P. if they were drunk, he muttered "No; sick, sick."  They finally disappeared the latter part of 1836.  Wolves abounded.  A yearling "crittur" was devoured by them within 15 rods of Mr. Palmer's house.
    Mr. P. cleared over 200 acres of land, also worked at shoemaking-jointly with farming, following those occupations many years, considering himself fortunate when receiving 75 cents per day.  He accumulated a handsome property, which he resided upon until some three years ago.  He had previously distributed his property between his sons.  He now owns 40 acres, one and a half miles west of the old homestead, where he is actively engaged in improving his farm and in making preparation to erect a new residence the coming season.  Mr. Palmer has been twice married.  The first Mrs. Palmer died Dec. 1, 1866, and Mr. P. was again united in marriage July 23,1871, with Laura H. Addison, born in Dutchess County, N. Y., April 21, 1822.  They are both members of the M. E. Church in Leoni.  Mr. Palmer has held minor township offices.  Has been successful, and is a self-made man. After making his first payment on his land, had 25 cents cash capital on hand.

    Timothy PANGBORN, hotel-keeper, Michigan Center, was born in Champlain, Clinton Co., N. Y., Dec. 14, 1821, and was the son of Elisha and Betsy Pangborn (deceased), natives of Connecticut.  The father died Jan. 16, 1879, in his 99th year, and the mother in 1876, in her 86th year.  Both died at Sand Lake, Mich.  The subject of this sketch received his education in the common schools of New York State.  He followed lumbering with his father, then went to Ohio, where he engaged in the milling business for a number of years, and from there came to Jackson County, Mich., where he dealt in stoves and hot-air furnaces for a number of years, then engaged in the restaurant and oil business, the latter in Canada; after which he moved to Michigan Center, where he opened the Mineral Springs in 1869, and at the depth of 237 feet struck the mineral water which has proved so valuable.  Its bicarbonates of lime and magnesia are peculiarly grateful to the stomachs of those who are inclined to dyspepsia, and its iron oxide is of use as a tonic.  It also contains bicarbonates of potash, soda and iron, and chlorides of potassium, sodium, calcium and magnesium, with traces of silica and alumina.  This water is prescribed for rheumatism, paralysis, dyspepsia and all forms of kidney disease.  He now has-fitted up one of the neatest and most convenient places in Jackson county for amusement near the lake, and can at all times supply the public with pleasure boats.
    In 1841 he was married to Harriet Peal, who was born in New York State in 1822, and their family consisted of 2 children—Hiram and Edward, both of which are deceased. Aug. 4, 1880 he lost his wife.

    Joel F. PARKS, farmer and stock-raiser, was born in Cayuga County, N. Y., Dec. 2, 1814.  His parents were Moses and Maria (Nelson) Parks, also natives of New York, and of English descent.  He received a very fair education, principally at the district schools.  His father died while Joel F. was quite young, which event placed him in a responsible position as head of the family, where he remained until of age, when he removed to Genesee County, N. Y, living there some 10 or 12 years.  He came to this township in 1832.  April 15, 1833, he was married to Nancy Richie; they were the parents of 10 children—7 daughters and 3 sons; 8 are now living, nearly all being residents of Jackson County.  Mr. P. resided a short distance west of Leoni for many years.  In the spring of 1864 he removed to his present location, where he has made many fine improvements.  He has held several of the township offices, including the Supervisorship three terms.  He was First Lieutenant in the Jackson Rifle Co., one of the earliest military organizations of this county; is one of the few remaining pioneers; an active supporter of all religious and charitable objects.

    Jefferson O. PLUMB was born in Sunbury, Delaware Co., O., Jan. 31, 1818.  His parents were Prisman P. and Abigail (Slawson) Plumb, the former a native of Delaware, the latter of New York State, and of English-German ancestry.  He was educated in the common schools, afterward attending Shaw's Academy at Euclid, Ohio, two terms; during the period of his studies, he was reading medicine and studying the same under the instruction of Dr. Elijah Burton; took a course of lectures at Willoughby Institute; went to Ypsilanti in 1841, where he practiced medicine; also taught school two years; located in various places in Michigan, where he was engaged in the practice of his profession; lectured on physiology and chemistry; was Professor of Natural Sciences and Higher Mathematics in Ypsilanti Seminary, in connection with Prof. Estabrook, where he remained eight or ten years.  In the fall of 1866 he was authorized to select a competent professor to fill the chair he had lately vacated in the Ypsilanti Seminary; was placed in charge of the Jackson schools on a salary of $2,000 per year; was tendered further lucrative positions, but in deference to Prof. Lowell, decided to decline them; resumed his old position at Ypsilanti at a liberal salary, where, during a chemical experiment, a severe affliction befel him in the loss of an eye.  In 1868, when his eyesight was somewhat restored, his former patrons in Jackson established a select school of which he took charge, and conducted it in the most successful manner, two years.  In 1868 he purchased the farm of 160 acres, where he now resides. 
    When four years old Mr. P. was injured by falling from a fence which caused paralysis of the hip, injuring the nerves of motion, leaving him a cripple for life.  He was married in Ypsilanti in 1843, to Laura M. Knapp; they were the parents of 6 children, but one of whom is living—-Frank O., now in mercantile business in Saginaw.  Mr. Plumb was married in 1872 to Gertrude B. Sager; this union is blessed with 1 son—Charles G., born Feb. 17, 1873.

    William PURDY was born March 7, 1817, in Ulster County, N. Y., youngest son of Enoch and Esther (Lane) Purdy; received a limited education in the school of his native county, worked on the farm, and in the lumber regions of the Catskill mountains until 1842.  He married Miss Abigail Cure, and they are the parents of 5 children, 2 of whom are living, viz: Barbara E., born in 1845, now Mrs. Wood, of Grass Lake; and James M., born in 1850.  Mrs. Purdy died in September, 1877.  In 1851 the family located temporarily at Grass Lake, and the following year purchased 93 acres of land from Walter Miller, to which 25 acres have since been added.  Geo W. Purdy enlisted in the 12th U. S. Inf., in September, 1861; took part in the Virginia campaign and died at Yorktown April 7, 1862.

    Isaac C. QUICK was born May 25, 1825, at Ulysses, Tompkins Co., N. Y.; is the son of Abraham and Charity (Pichez) Quick, of New Jersey.  Isaac C. received the ordinary education afforded by the common schools of his time.  His father's family came to Michigan in 1831, resided at Grass Lake about two years, then removed to the southeast part of Leoni Township; and again, in 1837, moved 80 rods west of Keywood's Corners.v June 19, 1860, Isaac married Miss Lucy Voorhees, and resided at his father's house until 1865, when he removed to his present home. vHe is the father of 3 children, viz.: Abram D., born April 25, 1861; Augustus O., Feb. 26, 1863; and Mary, Sept. 19, 1868; they attend the local school.

    John B. QUICK was born Sept. 25, 1837, in Leoni Township, son of William and Eliza (Anderson) Quick of New York, who came to Michigan in 1834 and located south of Leoni.  John B. labored on the homestead farm until his marriage, in 1858, to Miss Abbie Woodward, of Simcoe, Canada, whose parents were among the early settlers of Waterloo Township.  Mr. and Mrs. Quick are the parents of 9 children, of whom 6 are now living, viz.: Mary E., Sarah Elizabeth, Abigail Jane, Cora, Herbert J. and Carrie A.  Mr. Quick resided near his father's house until 1862, when he purchased his present farm of 80 acres; he built his present residence in 1875.  He devotes his attention to the growth of peaches and berries; has been honored with township offices from time to time, and continues to be active in all questions of economy connected with his township.

    A.D. ROGERS, son of Isaac and Lucy (Davis) Rogers, of Massachusetts, was born June 13,1805; was educated in the common schools of Washington County, N. Y., and afterward, when the family moved to Ashtabula County, O., in 1815, he attended the Jefferson Academy, and taught school there, a profession he followed until 1850.  In 1827 he married Miss Anne Davis, born in New York, in 1809; they are the parents of 6 children, viz.: Urban, born 1838; Isaac, N., 1836; Sophia, 1847; Henry C, 1841; Wm. W, 1846, and Mary, 1848; 2 are deceased.  Henry C. served in Col. Shoemaker's 13th Inf. through its various battles, and fell, mortally wounded, at Murfreesboro, Jan. 6, 1863.  Mr. Rogers resided for a time in Michigan, but did not locate permanently until 1851, when he entered land one mile east of his present home; in 1871 he erected a new house and made many improvements.  He has taken a deep interest in educational and Church matters, and is esteemed throughout the township.

    Jacob SAGENDORPH, farmer and stock-raiser; was born in Batavia, Genesee Co., N. Y., July 5, 1832; he is the oldest son now living of Jacob and Mary (Perry) Sagendorph, natives of New York State, of German descent.  His father was one of the pioneers of this county, having located in Leoni Township, on section 32, in 1832; he died in 1870; his mother is a resident of Jackson.  Mr. S. received a liberal education in common schools and at more advanced institutions; attended the Michigan Collegiate Institute several years; was brought up to farming pursuits.  He was married in October, 1852, to Viola A. Wakeman, who was born in Steuben County, N. Y., in 1836.  In 1860 Mr. S. successfully conducted a hotel in Jackson one year; then commenced a mercantile career which continued until 1874, during which time he conducted an extensive business in groceries, provisions, etc.  In the latter year he disposed of his business in Jackson, and returned to the old homestead in Leoni Township, where he has since resided.  Mr. S. is one of the original Prohibitionists, having been a delegate to the Chicago convention in 1869, and an ardent supporter of the Hon. Neal Dow, for the Presidency, in 1880.  He is a gentleman of culture and esteemed by all of his acquaintances.  Himself and Mrs. Sagendorph were members of the Christian Church while residing in Jackson, but now attend the Congregational Church at Michigan Center.

    Henry SCOFIELD, was born in Washtenaw County, Mich., Sept. 14, 1838; he is the son of John and Mary (Johnson) Scofield, natives of New York and New Jersey respectively, and of English descent.  Henry received a liberal common-school education, and was reared on a farm.  In 1860 he was married to Adelia Lockwood; they are the parents of 3 children, as follows; Minnie A., born Oct. 9,1865; Ada May,Feb. 23,1869; and Etta, Dec. 4, 1872.  Mr. Scofield was a resident of Chicago some 15 years, where he was extensively engaged in the commission business, and later in the meat trade.  The advanced age of his parents required his return to the old homestead in 1877, where he has since resided.  He has been School Director constantly since his return to Leoni, also township Treasurer in 1879 and '80; is a successful farmer and genial gentleman.  John Scofield, father of Henry, was born Dec. 5, 1803, in Dutchess County, N. Y.  Early in life he learned the trade of tanner and currier, also that of shoemaker, which business he commenced in Penn Yan, New York, about 1827; was married March 29, 1829, to Mary Johnson, born Dec. 25, 1811; they reared a family of 8 children.  They came to Washtenaw County in 1834, and justly rank with the old pioneers of this State.  In 1837 they moved to Grass Lake Township; entered land there but remained only a short time; returned to Washtenaw County; again removed to Grass Lake Township; and finally located in this township on section 23, in the Spring of 1852.  Mr. S. is a vigorous and intellectual old gentleman, and with Mrs. S., who is also active both mentally and physically, are members of the M. E. Church, and conspicuous in all that tends to promote Sabbath-school interests.

    Samuel SHAW was born June 9, 1819, at Manchester, England, son of Henry and Mary (Sutton) Shaw; received an education which the public-school system of his native land could then afford; he was reared on the farm, and labored for others on their lands, until 1848, when, with his brother, he emigrated, and settled in Niagara County, N. Y., where he remained two years.  In 1850 he came West, located in Lenawee County, Mich., returned to New York, and again sought a home in Lenawee, where he married Mrs. Mary Gallop, in 1852.  He is the father of Wesley R. Shaw, born March 7, 1853, now a farmer of Leoni.  Mrs. Shaw died in May, 1875.  In 1870 she, with her husband and family, moved to Leoni Township, where Mr. Shaw now resides, having recently purchased a farm there.  He is a self-made man, and his present easy circumstances are due entirely to his own exertions.

    Phebe SLEYTON was born Sept. 30, 1805, in Madison County, N. Y., daughter of Ebenezer and Hannah (Bump) Sleyton, of Vermont.  Her ancestors were engaged in the battle of Bennington, and she, it is said, went thither with a dinner to the banded patriots.  Her parents removed to Tompkins County, N. Y., thence to Madison.  In 1835 Mrs. Sleyton came West with her brother-in-law and sister, settled at Michigan Center, and was married July 1, 1838, to James Sleyton, formerly of Niagara County, N. Y.  He entered land in Leoni Township early in 1836, proved a successful farmer, and after a useful life of 72 years, 44 of which were passed in this county, died June 26, 1880.  Mrs. Sleyton is a member of the W. M. Church.

    D. W. SMITH was born December, 1833, in Jefferson County, N. Y., son of David Willard and Hannah W.(Adams) Smith.  After receiving a fair common-school education, he went to learn the machinist's trade, and ultimately got a position in the Utica & Syracuse R. R. shops.  In 1850 he entered the service of the W. & R. railroad; was engaged as engineer in the construction of that road; ran the first engine into Watertown, and piloted the first engine into Cape Vincent.  In 1852 he married Miss Eliza A. Beltzinger, of Schuyler County, N. Y., and they became the parents of 6 children, viz.: H. W., born, 1854; D. W., 1856; Charles E., 1858, died July 3, 1874; Geo. W., 1860; Fred E., 1862, and Lottie E., 1867.  In 1856 he purchased a farm at Ypsilanti; sold out and took a  position on the M. C. R. R.; was foreman of saw-mill at Saginaw city; removed to Jackson in 1869, and entered the J., L. & S. R. R. Co's. service as engineer; subsequently took charge of the locomotive and car depots of F. W., J. & S. R. R., and ultimately purchased farm of 100 acres in Leoni Township in 1879, where he now resides.  The experiences of Mr. Smith are varied and happy, and for a man now in his 48th year his prospects are bright indeed.

    George W. SMITH, M. D., was born May 24, 1836, in Tompkins County, N. Y., son of Abraham and Mary Ann (Garrett) Smith, natives of New Jersey and New York respectively.  In 1844 the family settled in Grass Lake Township, and subsequently moved to Union City, Mich.  At the age of 18 years Mr. Smith resolved to learn the carpenter and joiner's trade, which business he pursued 16 years, during which time he built some of the finest, dwellings-known at that period in Leoni Township.  His marriage with Miss Emma S. Land, of Ashtabula County, Ohio, was celebrated March 7,1861.  Four years after this event, the Doctor moved to Ohio, where he remained until 1874.  There he commenced the study of medicine, which study was completed at the Michigan University.  He came to Leoni in 1874, and entered on the practice of his profession; he is the only physician in the township.  Mrs. Smith previous to her marriage, was Preceptress at the Michigan Collegiate Institute at Leoni in its palmiest days.

    Jonathan SMITH, a well-known agriculturist of Leoni Township, was born in Seneca County, N. Y., May 10, 1809, the oldest son of Stephen and Elizabeth (Pickell) Smith, the former of Massachusetts, the latter of New Jersey, and of English and German descent.  Jonathan received a liberal district-school education; was brought up to farming pursuits; came with his mother to Michigan in 1837; located in Leoni Township; entered land in Leoni, also in Henrietta.  He remained with the family some two years.  In 1839 he was married to Lorinda Smith; their children are as follows: Lafayette G., born July 29, 1839; George A., April 25, 1842, now a resident of this township; Charlotte E., Dec. 20, 1848; Addison J., July 7, 1851; the latter died in infancy.  More than mere mention is due to the memory of their oldest son, Lafayette G.  He enlisted in the 12th U. S. Inf. in 1861; participated in nine different engagements before Richmond; was wounded and taken prisoner at the battle of the Wilderness; with other prisoners was recaptured by Gen. Sheridan; sent to the hospital in Washington where he died in July.  Mr. Smith removed to his present home in the spring of 1867, where, in his declining years, he is enjoying the fruits of a life of industry; has been School Commissioner for years without intermission; is a warm supporter of popular education, a member of the Congregational Church and esteemed by all who know him.

    Truman A. SMITH was born Sept. 3, 1847, the second son of Peter and Julia A. (Pease) Smith, of N. Y., old settlers of Jackson County, who located in Grass Lake Township at an early day, and moved to a new home in Leoni during the year 1847.  Peter Smith died in January, 1871. The subject of this sketch studied in the schools of Leoni, and for some years devoted his attention to farming.  In September, 1872 he married Miss Emily B. Reese, of Shelby, Rockfield Co., born in Ohio, 1853.  His mother is still living, and has attained her 62d year.

    Erastus SPARKS was born in Cortland County, N. Y., Aug. 19, 1820.  His parents were Erastus and Philotha (Higgin) Sparks.  He received a fair common-school education in New York State and Ohio, to which latter State the family removed in 1830.  He was married in 1843 to Miss P. A. Moore, born in Ohio in 1825; they have had 4 children—Leman E., born August, 1844, now conducting the milling business in Chelsea, Mich.; Almira, born in 1846, drowned while bathing on the coast of Florida in July, 1877; E. R., born Sept. 14, 1852, an engineer on the M. C. R. R., and a resident of Niles, Mich.  After marriage Mr. Sparks was engaged in farming on the old homestead in Ohio until 1856, when became to Leoni and became interested in the flouring mills at that place; he remained till 1869, and sold out to his partner and purchased an interest in the Michigan Center Mills, where he remained about two and a half years, then returned to Leoni; resumed his former proprietorship in the mill there, where he has since remained; was elected Justice of the Peace in 1873; declined to qualify.  Mr. and Mrs. Sparks are members of the M. E. Church.

    James H. STEARNS was born March 11, 1835, in Berkshire County, Mass., eldest son of Alanson and Eliza Ann Stearns; received an ordinary education; learned the carpenter's trade at the age of 21, and combining it with the labors of the agriculturist, continued a dual vocation for years.  In 1851 he came to Norvell Township, whither his father's family came three years later.  In 1864 he located a farm in this township, where E. Underwood now dwells.  In 1858 he married Miss Ellen Huise, who died four years later.  His marriage with Miss E. L. Bliss was performed October, 1865.  Mr. Stearns has traveled through the Northwestern, Central and Southwestern States, accompanied by his family, and his horses and conveyance.  In 1876 he returned to Michigan, took up his residence in Leoni, and has since dwelt here.  Mr. Stearns' father, brother, and hired man were drowned in Gillett's lake, June, 1870.  The sad affair cast a gloom over the people which time could scarcely lighten.

    John, STEWART was born Sept. 28, 1810, in Montgomery County, N. Y., son of Alexander and Margaret (Sinclair) Stewart, natives of Scotland; attended the schools of his native town until 18 years of age, when the family removed to Madison County, N. Y.; he continued to attend the academy near his new home ; followed the farmer's plow for a period, then learned the trade of builder and architect.  In 1840 he married Miss Julia A. Stanton, daughter of Judge N. P. Stanton; they are the parents of 6 children, two of whom are living.  Mrs. S. died in 1859.  Mr. Stewart carried on the building business in New York State nine years after marriage, then came West in 1849, and settled in Jackson, where, in partnership with Judge Stanton, he erected a hotel; subsequently he was appointed head of the Public Building Department of the State, toward the close of the war he went to Marshall to engage in the agricultural implement business, with Wm. Hammond, of the State's Prison Agency.  During Mr. Stewart's residence at Marshall he married Mrs. Electa M. Sheldon, author of The Early History of Michigan.  He has been Justice of the Peace, Postmaster, and ticket agent of M. C. R. R. at Michigan Center, and the purchaser of the old homestead of Captain Abel F. Fitch.

    Augustus A. SULLIVAN, a prominent farmer and stock-raiser of Leoni Township, was born in Lenawee County, Mich., May 6, 1845.  He is the youngest son of William M. Sullivan, one of the early settlers of Jackson County.  Some of the incidents of his eventful life will be found in the chapter devoted to pioneer history.  Mr. Sullivan received a liberal education in district schools and afterward attended the Michigan Collegiate Institute at Leoni several years, where he completed his studies about 1863.  He taught school a number of winters ; followed farming in the summers; was Tp. Clerk in 1876-77-'79.  In 1878 he was married to Nellie M. Rogers, born in this county in 1860; they have 1 child—Clarence M., born Oct. 12, 1879.  Mr. Sullivan was elected Supervisor in the spring of 1880.  His popularity within the county is unquestioned, and he is looked upon as one of its worthy and substantial citizens.

    H. R. THOMPSON was born Sept. 30,1838, in the district now known as Schuyler County, N. Y., and is the eldest son of William and Samantha (Harmon) Thompson.  Having received a liberal education in the district school, he learned the trade of gun-smith.  In September, 1858, he came to Jackson, commenced working at his trade there, and continued it until 1871,—the period of his election to the office of City Treasurer.  He married Mary A. Purdy, of Elkhart County, Ind., in 1859, and they are the parents of 2 children, viz., Willie, born May 6, 1860, and Annie L., born Oct. 19, 1867.  Early in 1874 he moved to Leoni, and purchased 137 acres of the old C. H. Smith farm, where he now resides.  His father died Aug. 29,1876, and his mother Dec. 15, 1880, aged 62 years.

    Erastus THURSTON was born in Erie County, N. Y., April 12, 1833.  His parents were Thomas and Electa (Wilcox) Thurston, natives of Vermont and New York respectively, and of English origin.  Mr. T. was educated in the common schools and brought up to farming pursuits; remained with his parents until their removal to Michigan the spring of 1850, when they located on the home now occupied by Mr. T.  He was married October, 1853, to Cornelia H. Slosson, born in Tompkins County, N. Y., Jan. 5, 1835; their children are—Loine, born April 30, 1855, now Mrs. Hiram Eddy, of Leoni; Carmi J., Dec. 2, 1858, died Aug. 28, 1863; Willie G., Nov. 12, 1863; Marion Thurston Hilton, March 15, 1860.  Mr. T. resided in Waterloo Township some eight years; in 1863 removed to the old homestead in Leoni, where he has since remained.  His ancestors are celebrated for their longevity, his grandfather having died in 1850, at the patriarchal age of 97 years, 8 months and 17 days; his father, Thomas Thurston, March, 1872, aged 86.  In this connection a few words regarding Miss Samantha Thurston, the oldest sister of the subject of this sketch.  After her mother's death she assumed all the responsibilities of a mother, and conducted the affairs of the old homestead with an earnestness and well-directed zeal, which claimed the unqualified approbation and admiration of her relatives and neighbors.

    Thomas O. THURSTON was born May 23, 1853, in this township, second son of V. D. and Almira (Allen) Thurston; received an elementary education in the schools of the district, and subsequently attended the Union school at Jackson. In 1876 he visited Kansas, and returning in the course of a year, purchased his present home; is also the owner of lands in Waterloo Township.  He married Miss Nellie A. Slosson Nov. 25, 1879, born in Clinton County, N. Y., in 1857; they have 1 child—Bertha A., born Nov. 26, 1880.

    V. D. THURSTON was born Aug. 13,1818, in Erie County, N. Y., son of Thomas and Electa (Wilcox) Thurston; was educated in the schools of the district, labored on the farm, served three years of mercantile life, and returning to the old homestead remained there until the immigration of the family westward in September, 1850.  He married Almira Allen in 1850, who was born in Vermont, and was the mother of 3 children, viz. :—Herbert D., born April 7, 1851; Thomas, May 25, 1853; Jabez A., Feb. 3, 1858.  The year of his arrival in this county he located on a farm of 500 acres in this township.  In 1852 his present dwelling was completed, and since that period he has continued to reside there.  Mrs. Thurston died May 25, 1864.  Her sons were educated in the schools of Jackson and Grass Lake.  In 1867 Mr. T. married Harriet Peckham, a native of Monroe County, N. Y.  In political matters he is not ambitious, yet the people of the township conferred upon him important offices.

    E. E. UNDERWOOD was born Aug. 26, 1806, son of Samuel and Jemima (Fletcher) Underwood, of Massachusetts.  He received his education in the common school of Otis, Berkshire County, Masschusetts.  He went with his parents in 1814 to New York State, lived at Parma, Monroe County, and came with them to Michigan in 1832, locating his present home the same year.  Mr. Underwood took care of his parents until their decease.  He married Miss Margaret Ammerman Sept. 16, 1844; their children are—Mary M., born in 1848; Letta A, 1851; Daniel S., 1854; Ida A., 1858; Fred J., 1862; Henry E., born in 1846, died May 8, 1858; and Martha, born in 1852, died in April of the succeeding year.

    Anson UDPIKE was born July 15, 1818, in Tompkins County, N. Y., son of Ralph and Margaret (Ritchie) Updike, of New Jersey; was educated in the common schools of his native village.  In 1827 his father's family moved to Washtenaw County, improved a farm there and three years later sold out and moved to this county in 1830-'l, where they located one and one-half miles west of Grass Lake village.  Mr. U. was one of the pioneers, and first Supervisor of the township of Grass Lake.  Mr. Anson Updike labored on the old homestead until his marriage in March, 1839, to Harriet S. Updike, of Tompkins County, N. Y.  She is the mother of 8 children, 5 of whom are living, viz.: Montgomery, Matilda, Herman, Sidney and Milo K.  Mr. Updike farmed and also conducted a saw-mill in Waterloo Township 8 years, and subsequently a grist-mill.  He went to California in 1850, where he was a miner and a farmer; returned in 1854; resided for a time at Leoni, and in 1859 purchased 270 acres, to which he has added since 130 acres, with farm buildings.  In 1871 he erected a fine dwelling-house, and continues still to advance with the times.

    Jacob A. UPDIKE was born Nov. 19, 1821, in New Jersey; eldest son of John S. and Margaret (Apger) Updike, of New York.  The family moved to New York State during the infancy of Jacob A., and in this State he received the education which the district schools of the period afforded.  He married Miss Caroline Updike Nov. 19, 1845; 2 of their children are living.  Mrs. Updike died March 25, 1863, and on July 16, 1864, Mr. U. married Miss Delrow, born in New York in March, 1828.  In 1848 he traveled westward and settled near Leoni village, and in 1863 erected his present home.

    Leonard S. WALDO was born April 5, 1817, in New Hampshire, son of Justus and Samantha (Beckwith) Waldo, of Vermont.  While he was in his infancy his parents moved to New York State, where he attended school until 1833, the period of their removal to Michigan.  In 1834 the family removed from Washtenaw County to Leoni and entered a tract of land on the Territorial Road.  Mr. Waldo purchased his present farm about 1844 while yet in its wild state; reclaimed it; erected buildings and converted it into one of the garden spots of the county.  Justus Waldo died at his son's residence Dec. 9, 1872, in the 90th year of his age.  Mr. Leonard's wife, formerly Miss B. St. John Marvin, to whom he was married April 7, 1860, died Jan. 6, 1862.  Nov. 9, 1869, he married Caroline Miller, to whom were born 2 children, Franklin L., April 10, 1871, and Mary S., May 9, 1873.

    Robert WATTS was born April 12, 1796, in England.  He attended school until 16 years old, after which he labored on the farm.  Subsequently he worked at Aberdeen and St. Ives, and returning, lived at home until 26 years old, when his marriage with Miss Sarah Cook was celebrated.  This lady was the mother of 12 children, of whom 5 are living.  He emigrated in 1844, after the death of his wife; resided eight years in Ohio; married Miss Susan Teachout in 1846, who bore him 4 children.  Mr. W. came to Michigan in 1852, located at Leoni, and is now the owner of a fertile tract of land containing 75 acres.  Mr. and Mrs. Watts are  members of their respective Churches,  which, in the first instance, is the Congregation of Disciples, and in the second that of the Congregationalists.

    Edmund K. WEBB was born March 6, 1830, in Jefferson County, N. Y., son of George and Julia S. (Skinner) Webb; was educated in the common schools of the district, and afterward in the Black River Institute at Watertown.  In 1853 he married Pamelia Adsit, of Montgomery County, New York, by whom he had 3 sons and 4 daughters.  He enlisted Sept. 27, 1862, in the 29th Wis. Vol. Inf., with which regiment he served throughout the campaign.  He participated in the siege of Vicksburg, in the affair at Champion Hills, and in the Red River campaign, April 8, 1864; he aided in the construction of a dam across Red river, served a full term, and was mustered out at Madison, Wis., July 11, 1865.  In the spring of 1866 he moved to Leoni Township, purchased his land there in 1868, and entered upon a permanent residence.  He has held many township offices.  Himself and his wife are zealous members of the M. E. Church of Leoni.

    Wm. H. WELSH, a well-known farmer and stock-raiser, was born in Clinton County, Mich., March 27, 1840, and is the only son of Benjamin and Susan (Boughton) Welsh.  His father came to Michigan about 1830, first locating in Wayne County; was there some six years; went to Clinton County in 1836; was one of the pioneers of that section which was then very sparsely settled, his nearest neighbor at one time being nine miles distant.  He kept the first house of entertainment in that part of the country; removed to Leoni Township in 1842; located upon sections 3 and 4; afterward lived a retired life in Jackson some seven years; he died at the residence of his son in this township Sept. 1, 1877, aged 74 years and three months.  William H. acquired a very general education, which would fit him for many walks in life, as well as that of his choice—a farmer.  He remained with his parents until his marriage, in 1861, to Ellen H. Sherman, born in Washtenaw County in 1842; they have 3 children, as follows: Frank B., born March 5, 1862; Mary Ellen, Dec. 21, 1864; and William H, Jr., Feb. 26, 1868.  For about eight years following his marriage, Mr. Welsh conducted the farm for his father; subsequently built a fine residence on a portion of the old homestead; also made numerous other improvements.  Himself and family are worshipers in the Congregational Church, at Michigan Center.  Mr. W. has never sought public office, although he is an influential citizen and a genial gentleman.

    Mrs. Elizabeth WHIPPLE, a native of Pennsylvania, was born Jan. 20, 1824, daughter of Garrett Codbury and Mary Hannah Codbury, of Pennsylvania.  During her early years her parents moved to New York State, where she attended the common school.  In 1836 she came West with her father and settled in the northern portion of Leoni, where she continued her studies, and subsequently taught the district school there two terms.  She married O. C. Whipple, Dec. 14, 1853, who was born in New York, Sept. 29,  1825.  Their children  are— Edwin B., born Jan. 16, 1856; L. O., born May 7, 1860; and Ulmer V., born Jan. 6, 1867.  Mr. Whipple died Oct. 17, 1870, at Jonesville, after a very active life, being Supervisor during two terms, School Director, temperance worker, and a successful farmer.

    John N. WINFIELD was born Feb. 7, 1826, in Yates County, N. Y., son of Henry and Mary (Wilson) Winfield.  After receiving the ordinary education then offered by the district school, he devoted his attention to the farm.  His marriage with Miss Hannah M. Coykendall took place Dec. 16, 1847; they are the parents of 4 children, namely: Mary, born May 29, 1853, now Mrs. R. S. Towle, of Beloit, Wis.; John F., 1855; Herbert E., 1858; and Asa L., July 23, 1861.  Mr. Winfield remained in New York 12 or 13 years after marriage, and tenanted the old homestead until his removal to Michigan in January, 1860, when he purchased the farm where he now resides.

    Benjamin WINNE was born March 21, 1815, in Rensselaer County, N. Y., son of Martin and Annie (Sweet) Winne; received a limited common-school education; was raised on the farm.  In 1831 he engaged in the farm and lumber business in Delaware County, where he labored until emigrating Westward May 3, 1837.  He located at Saginaw, and cleared the land where East Saginaw now stands.  In July the same year he turned his steps toward Leoni Township; located at Michigan Center; helped to build the first mill-dam, and the saw and grist mill the following year.  He married Miss Betsy Naylor in 1834, the mother of Peter Naylor, now of Grass Lake; was occupied in farming and constructing the M.C. R. R. for years.  In 1841 he married Huldah Laycock, by whom he had 4 children.  He engaged in the distillery business at Michigan Center in 1841, and later worked in Col. Shoemaker's distillery four years.  He removed to Leoni in the fall of 1848 and worked for William Jackson.  The distillery was built at an early period, but has disappeared.  Mr. Winne has now turned his attention to cold water instead of alcohol; he is known as a well-digger.  Mrs. W. is also an active temperance worker, a member of Leoni Prohibition Club, of which Jacob Sagendorph has been President for many years; she also wrought the first Prohibition banner made in the State, and carried it in procession at the Prohibition convention held at Jackson in 1874; she is a member (original) of the Woman's Rights Club.  Her husband served with the 1st Michigan Regiment of Mechanics and Engineers from 1861 to 1863.  Her son, Eugene, served with the 2d Michigan Volunteer Infantry, through the campaign; was wounded several times, and fell, mortally wounded, while skirmishing outside of Jackson, Miss., July 11, 1865.

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