History of Texas Township

Kalamazoo Co MI

NATURAL FEATURES.

Geography — Upon the west border of Kalamazoo County, south of the centre, is situated the township of Texas. It was formed from Brady in 1838, and derives its name, doubtless, from the Lone Star State, which even then began to appear as an important factor in the history of the American republic. Adjoining township organizations in this county are Oshtemo, on the north; Portage, on the east; Prairie Ronde, on the south; while Antwerp, in Van Buren County, forms its western boundary.

Lakes and Water-Courses.—The surface is diversified by broad plains, numerous lakes, and a low range of hills, which extend from north to south through the central part of the west half of the township, the eastern half being comparatively level. Its water-courses are unimportant, the most considerable one being the outlet of Crooked, Basa, and Mill-Pond Lakes, which, as Portage Creek, flows in a general northeast course through Portage and Kalamazoo townships, and finally becomes tributary to the Kalamazoo River. The lake surface of Texas covers an expanse of perhaps 1200 acres, and occupies large portions of sections 1, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 25, 31, 32, and 34. Eagle, Crooked, Pretty, Pine, Paw Paw, Weed’s, Mill Pond. Mud, Bass, and Duck Lakes are the names of the most important ones.

Soil.—The soil is of the character so common to Michigan, consisting of alternate belts of sand, clay, and alluvial deposits, which, with the accumulated vegetable mould of countless ages, forms a mixture well adapted for the successful cultivation of corn, fruits, and the various cereals. The Michigan Central Railroad intersects sections 4, 5, 7, and 8, but has no station within the township boundaries. The Texas post-office and Grange Hall are situated one mile east of the geographical centre.

EARLY SETTLEMENTS.

Many months prior to the first purchase of lands in this township settlements had been made upon the southern tier of sections, and the first five or six families to locate held their claims by right of pre-emption.

The beautiful country known as Prairie Ronde was in 1829-30 the scene of an active and important settlement. Therefore, when William Bishop. William Harris, Ambrose Fitzgerald, Thomas McLin and sons, Richard Holmes, Jesse Bond. Orrin Jerome, and Ambrose Searle pushed out and erected habitations on the northern border of the prairie, they became not only the videtfes of the Prairie Rondo settlement, but the first settlers within the present township of Texas.

Township boundaries, however, did not trouble them at that time. All were citizens of Brady township, which then comprised the counties of Barry and Kalamazoo and all the country lying north of the same attached to and composing a part of St. Joseph County.

Concerning the first settler within the confines of township number 3 south, of range number 12 west, a vagueness and uncertainty exists which it seems the people themselves have not attempted to solve.

The earliest authentic information is derived from Mr. Allen McLin, who is authority for the statement that his father, Thomas McLin, a native of the State of Tennessee, settled in Clinton Co., Ohio, about the year 1804. He remained there until early in the spring of 1830, when, accompanied by his wife and a large family, he journeyed, with horse-team and wagon, from his Ohio home to this township, finally locating his claim upon section 35, on the premises now owned by his sons John and Isaac. On the 3d of October, 1832, he purchased the east one-half of the northeast quarter of section 34.

William Bishop preceded Mr. McLin, and in the fall of 1829 was living upon the east one-half of the southeast quarter of section 30,—a tract which he purchased from the general government Nov. 19,1830. At the first township election of Brady, held in December, 1830, Mr. Bishop was elected highway commissioner.

It is believed that William Harris and Ambrose Fitzgerald were also here before Mr. McLin settled, but of this we are not certain. It is evident, however, that, if not here previous to the time mentioned, they came very soon thereafter, for Ambrose Fitzgerald made the first purchase of land in the township, Oct. 5, 1830. His purchase embraced the west one-half of the southeast quarter of section 25, and the east one-half of the northwest quarter of section 36.

William Harris was the third to conclude a purchase of public lands. His choice embraced the cast one-half of the southeast quarter of section 24, and the transaction was entered upon the books of the United States land-office Nov. 29, 1830. The year thus closed with the names of Messrs. Fitzgerald, Bishop, and Harris only upon the land-office records.

During the summer of 1831, Jesse Bond, Richard Holmes, Orrin Jerome, and Ambrose Searle purchased lands situated upon sections 25 and 35, and immediately began improvements.

Allen McLin and wife removed from their former home in Clinton Co., Ohio, and joined the settlement here in the fall of 1832. He made the first improvement upon section 27, having purchased a portion of the southwest quarter in June, 1834. Both Mr. McLin and wife still reside upon the premises first occupied by them. He recalls the fact that among other early settlers here prior to his own settlement, and not previously mentioned, were Samuel 0. Wells, the first supervisor of Texas, and Justin Halstead.

Isaac and William Chester. Gibbs, brothers, from Allegany Co., N. Y., bought the northeast quarter of tho south- east quarter of section 1, June 20,1832. During the years 1834 or ’35 they built the first and only water-power sawmill ever erected in the township. It was situated upon the outlet of Mill-Pond Lake, near the east line of section 1, and portions of the dam still remain. Edrick Atwater, another early resident, bought the mill from William C. Gibbs about the year 1837. William C. Gibbs was married to Miss Laura Stanley, by Cyrus Lovell, Esq., Nov. 4, 1834.

Eli Douglass, from Richmond, Chittenden Co., Vt., arrived in Washtenaw Co., Mich., during the fall of 1833. In June, 1834, he was joined by his brother-in-law, Albert G. Towers. They soon after proceeded to Grass Lake, Jackson Co., where Mr. Douglass purchased 100 acres of land. In 1835, after disposing of his Jackson County possessions, they again located near Battle Creek, in Calhoun County. Here Mr. Douglass bought. 320 acres. They were still dissatisfied with their location, for we find that in December of the same year they journeyed still farther to the westward, and finally made choice of lands situated upon sections 22, 23, and 24, in this township.

In March, 1836, Messrs. Douglass and Towers came on and built a small log house upon the southeast quarter of section 23, which in May following became the residing place for Mr. Douglass and his young bride, he having married in Jackson County, May 1, 1836, the daughter of one of Jackson County’s pioneers.

At about the same time Mr. Towers completed his log cabin, which stood near his present place of residence, the southwest corner of section 23, and made memorable from the fact that in it was held the first township-meeting of Texas, in April, 1838.

Here Messrs Douglass and Towers began the first important improvement between Prairie Rondo and Genesee Prairie. Their lands were mainly situated upon a level tract, prairie-like in its general aspect, with clumps of bushes and low trees scattered here and there, and denominated, by many who had viewed them previously, barren lands. But these gentlemen have demonstrated the fallacy of such reasoning, as shown by the broad fertile acres they still possess. Mr. Douglass relates that he “ broke up” his first 100 acres with scarcely the use of an axe.

From 1836 to the present time both have been prominently identified with the material and official interests of the township they assisted to found.

Among other pioneers who preceded them here, and not previously mentioned, were Norman B. Maxon, Asahel Nelson, James H. Hogshead, Abial Stanley, Levi Luce,

Edward McElroy, Stephen L. Cole, George Middleton, John McLin, Samuel Van Doran, Joseph Johnson, Isaac Gage, and John D. Ramsey.

During the years 1836 and 1837 the population was still further augmented by the arrival and settlement of the brothers Ira, Johnson, and George Rix, from Genesee Co., N. Y., who have still many descendants residing in the north-west part of the township ; James Weed, the first township clerk; Isaac P. Morehouse, Oliver C. Hill, John Snyder, John McNett, Richard Douglass, David Douglass, Edrick Atwater, Goodsell, Jabez Barnum, George H. Lake, and William R. Hawkins.

Other early settlers who were here prior to the first town- ship-meeting, in 1838, were Abner Dwelly, Oramel Butler, Wm. Clawson, Oramel Butler, Jr., Henry McNiel, Daniel Ingram, Alvah Stevens, Nathaniel Reed, Ephraim Payne, Caleb Johnson, John Van Doran, J. M. Morris, and Smith Payne.

The population increased but slowly, however, during the first years of its existence as a separate township. The assessment-roll of 1844, showing the names of only 59 resident tax-payers, their names alphabetically arranged, and the number of the section upon which their lands were situated, is shown in the following list.

ORIGINAL LAND-ENTRIES.

The following list comprises the names of all who purchased from the government lands situated in this township, showing also their place of residence at time of purchase, and date thereof. Those marked with an asterisk (*) are known to have been actual Bottlers:

SECTION 1.

Charles Wild, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., August, 1847.
Lewis Johnson,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., December, 1853.
Stephen H. Wattles, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., December, 1853.
Isaac and William C. Gibbs,* Allegany Co., N. Y., June, 1832.
George H. Lake,* Livingston Co., N. Y., July, 1835.
Smith Payne, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., November, 1835.
Ami H. Carpenter, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., December, 1835.
James W. Norris, Livingston Co., N. Y., March, 1836.

SECTION 2.
John D. Ramsay,* Grafton Co., N. H., October, 1835.
William Rood, Montgomery Co., N. H., October, 1835.
Henry S. Perrin, Grafton Co., N. H., January, 1837.

SECTION 3.
Ira Rix,* Genesee Co., N. Y„ May, 1836.
Reuben Robie, Steuben Co., N. Y., July, 1836.
Thomas J. Dudley, Yates Co., N. Y., July, 1836.

SECTION 4.
Ira Rix,* Genesee Co., N. Y., May 14, 1836.

SECTION 5.
Robert Campbell, Steuben Co., N. Y., July, 1836.
Ira Davenport, Steuben Co., N. Y., July, 1836.

SECTION G.
Samuel Millard, Jr., Wayne Co., N. Y., October, 1835.
David Tomlinson, Schenectady Co., N. Y., June, 1836.

SECTION 7.
David Tomlinson, Schenectady Co., N. Y., June, 1836.

SECTION 8. Austin We stover, Cayuga Co., N. Y., April, 1836. Isaac P. Morehouse,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., January, 1837. Daniel C. Kingsland and Ambrose C. Kingsland, New York City, March, 1837.

SECTION 9.
Sewell Stone, Madison Co., N. Y., April, 1836.
Ira Rix,* Genesee Co., N. Y., May, 1836.

SECTION 10.
Isaac Hammond, Cayuga Co., N. Y., April, 1836.
Stephen L. Cole, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., April, 1836.
William A. Tomlinson, New York City, June, 1830.

SECTION 11.
Gideon Johnson, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., May, 1836.
William A. Tomlinson, New York City, June, 1836.

SECTION 12.
Joseph Johnson, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., October, 1835.
Prudence Wattles, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., October, 1835.
Salmon Prentice, Rufus Washburn, and John Mack, Chautauqua Co., NY, Oct. 1835.
Ephraim Payne,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., August, 1851.

SECTION 13.
Russell Day and Guy Shaw, Genesee Co., N. Y., May, 1836.
Oliver C. Hill,* Livingston Co., N. Y. May, 1836.
James Rath bun, Livingston Co., N. Y:, May, 1836.
William Sherd, Jr., Livingston Co., N. Y., May, 1836.
Thomas W. Armstrong, Yates Co., N. Y., May, 1836.
William A. Tomlinson, New York City, June, 1836.

SECTION 14.

Hollis Pratt, Genesee Co., N. Y., October, 1835.
John J. Howard, Chautauqua Co., N. Y., October, 1835.
Gideon Johnson, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., May, 1830.
William A. Tomlinson, New York City, Juno, 1836.

SECTION 15.
Carlton J. Baldwin, Ontario Co., N. Y., October, 1835.
Archibald Green and Cephas W. Clapp, Cayuga Co., N. Y., April, 1836.
Elijah Platt, Genesee Co., N. Y., April, 1836.
John J. Howard,* Kalamazoo Co , Mich., April, 1836.
Willis P. Lam peon, Genesee Co., N. Y., April, 1836.
Oliver C. Hill,* Livingston Co., N. Y., July, 1836.
Edwin Jopp, Livingston Co., N. Y., July, 1836.

SECTION 16.

School section.

SECTION 17.
Stephen L. Cole,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., April, 1836.
Albert H. Ford, Herkimer Co., N. Y., July, 1836.
Ira C. Johuson, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., December, 1836.

SECTION 18.
Isaac Gibbs,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., October, 1835.
Moses Barnard, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., October, 1835.
David Shepard, Livingston Co., N. Y., October, 1835.
William R. Hawkins,* Tompkins Co., N. Y., May, 1836.
David Tomlinson, Schenectady Co., N. Y., June, 1836.

SECTION 19.
Stephen Vickery and L. H. Moore, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., Oct 1835.
Moses Barnard, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., October, 1835.
Ann or Sophia Vance, Livingston Co., N. Y., December, 1835.
Samuel Brezee, Jefferson Co., N. Y., June, 1836.
Lewis Johnson,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., January, 1837.

SECTION 20.
Stephen L. Cole,* Cayuga Co., N. Y., February, 1836.
William H. Hawkins,* Tompkins Co., N. Y., May, 1836.
David Tomlinson, Schenectady Co., N. Y., June, 1836.

SECTION 21.
Stephen L. Cole,* Cayuga Co., N. Y., February, 1836.
Isaac A. Briggs,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., May, 1836.
Abner Roys, Litchfield Co., Conn., January, 1837.
School Act, May 20, 1826.
Enos Eaton, Steuben Co., N. Y., March, 1838.

SECTION 22.
Eli Douglass,* Calhoun Co., Mich., February, 1836.
Albert G. Towers,* Calhoun Co., Mich., February, 1836.
James H. Hogshead,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., April, 1836.
Asa Bailey, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., May, 1836.
David Tomlinson, Schenectady Co., N. Y., June, 1836.
John Winslow, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., January, 1836.

SECTION 23.
John Snyder,* Tompkins Co., N. Y., November, 1835.
Eli Douglass,* Calhoun Co., Mich., December, 1835.
Albert G. Towers,* Calhoun Co., Mich., February, 1836.
John J. Howard,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., April, 1836.
Eli Douglass,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., May, 1836.

SECTION 24.
William Harris,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., November 29, 1830.
Samuel McLin,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., July, 1835.
Abial Stanley,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., November, 1835.
John Snyder,* Tompkins Co., N. Y., November. 1835.
Eli Douglass,* Calhoun Co., Mich., December, 1835.
Levi R. Brundage, Livingston Co., N. Y., April, 1836.
Edward McElroy,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., May, 1836.
William Harris,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., May, 1836.
Edward McElroy,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., January, 1837.
Almira L. Cotton, Allegan Co., Mich., January, 1837.

SECTION 25.
Ambrose Fitzgerald,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., Oct. 5, 1830.
Jesse Bond,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., July, 1831.
Richard Holmes,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., August, 1831.
James H. Hogshead,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., April, 1835.
John H. Smith, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., October, 1835.
Ambroso Scarle,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., November, 1835.
Asa, Bailey, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., November, 1835.
John H. Smith, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., November, 1835.
William Harris,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., December, 1835.
Hector Wager, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., January, 1836.

SECTION 26.
Hector Wager, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., September, 1834.
Abner Dwelly,* Onondaga Co., N. Y., June, 1835.
James H. Hogshead,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., April, 1836.
Hector Wager, Kalamazoo Co., .Mich., January, 1837.
Oliver C. Hill,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., January, 1837.

SECTION 27.
Allen McLin,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., June, 1834.
Samuel Wildriek (2d), Onondaga Co., N. Y., June, 1835.
Norman B. Max and Asahel Nelson,* Kalamazoo Co., MI., Jul 1835.
Hiram Baily, Monroe Co., Mich., March, 1836.
Austin Westover,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., May, 1836.
Norman B. Maxon,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., January, 1837.
Lucy A. Briggs,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., January, 1837.

SECTION 28.
Norman B. Maxon* and Asahel Nelson,* Kalamazoo Co., MI Jul 1835.
Asahel Nelson,* Kalamazoo Co., Midi., November, 1835.
David Tomlinson, Schenectady Co., N. Y., June, 1836.

SECTION 29.
David Tomlinson, Sohenectady Co., N. Y., June, 1836.

SECTION 30.
Julius Hackley, Livingston Co., N. Y., May, 1836.
Martin B. Scott, Albany Co., N. Y., June, 1836.

SECTION 31.
Perrine, Barber & Fox, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., June, 1831.
James R. Langdon, Washington Co., Vt., April, 1836.
C. Barber, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., April, 1836.
Julius Hackley, Livingston Co., N. Y., May, 1836.
Martin B. Scott, Albany Co., N. Y., June, 1836.
John M. Gordon, Baltimore Co., Md., June, 1837.

SECTION 32.
Delnmoro Duncan, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., September, 1832.
Daniel Wilsey,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., November, 1835.
Jesse Smith, Jeflorson Co., N. Y., March, 1836.
Julius Hockley, Livingston Co., N. Y., May, 1836.
Daniel Wilsey,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., May, 1836.
Epaphroditus Ransom, Kalamazoo Co., Mich , July, 1836.
Thomas Savage, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., December, 1836.
Daniel Wilsey,* Kalamuzoo Co., Mich., May, 1828.

SECTION 33.
Abigail Stanley, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., December, 1835.
John McNett,* Lenawee Co., Mich., July, 1836.
E. Ransom, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., July, 1836.
Daniel Ingram,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., January, 1837.
George P. Riker, Washington Co., Vt., February, 1837.
T. Savage, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., May, 1838.
Friend C. Bird, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., August, 1847.
Jacob Coe, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., August, 1847.

SECTION 34.
Reuben W. Fox, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., September, 1831.
Thomas McLin,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., October, 1832.
Andrew McKinatry, Washtonaw Co., Mich., July, 1833.
Preston J. McCreary, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., December, 1835.
Nathaniel Leverick, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., December, 1835.
Hector Wager. Kalamazoo Co. Mich. March 1837.
William Hathaway, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., March, 1837.
H. D. Van Wyck, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., December, 1845.
Jesse McLin,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., October, 1847.
Alfred M. S. Parrish,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., October, 1846.
William T. Smith, St. Joseph Co., Ind., June, 1848.
Maria C. Parish,* Cass Co., Mich., February, 1854.
State Swamp Land Act, 1854.

SECTION 35.
Orrin Jerome,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., June, 1831.
I. Perrine and J. McCreary, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., June, 1831,
H. H. Comstock, Otsego Co., N. Y., June, 1831.
Valentine Guilford, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., June, 1831.
Ambrose Searle,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., July, 1831.
Peter Kniss, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., October, 1831.
Thomas W. Merrill, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., September, 1832.
Orrin Jerome;* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., September, 1832.
Samuel McLin,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., February, 1834.
T. P. Sheldon, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., June, 1835.

SECTION 36.
Ambrose Fitzgerald,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., Oct. 5, 1830.
William Bishop,* Kalamazoo Co., Mich., November, 1830.
John Ridenour, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., Juue, 1831.
David M. Harrison, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., June, 1831.
Thomas Macklin, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., June, 1831.
Abial Fellows, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., June, 1831.
Michael Ridenour, Kalamazoo Co., Mich , August, 1831.

CIVIL AND POLITICAL.
This township, originally a part of Brady, was set off from the latter and organized as a separate township in 1838.

Section 1, of an act to organize certain townships in the State of Michigan, approved March 6, 1838, reads as follows:

“That, all that portion of the county of Kalamazoo designated by tho United States survey as township No. 3 south, of range No. 12 west, be, and the same is, hereby sot off and organized into a separate township by the name of Texas, and the first township-meeting therein shall be held at the house of Albert G. Towers, in said township.”

PROCEEDINGS OF THE FIRST TOWNSHIP ELECTION.

Pursuant to the foregoing act, the first township election was held at the residence of Albert G. Towers, Monday, April 2, 1838. The meeting was organized by choosing Oliver C. Hill, Moderator; James Weed, Clerk; and Norman B. Maxon, Albert G. Towers, and Samuel Van Doran, Inspectors.

After the board of election had been duly qualified, the legal voters present (27 in number) proceeded to ballot for township officers. As the result, the following officers were declared elected: Samuel O. Wells, Supervisor; James Weed, Township Clerk; Eli Douglass, Albert G. Towers, Samuel 0. Wells, Stephen L. Cole, Justices of the Peace; Abial Stanley, Asahel Nelson, James Weed, Assessors; Norman B. Maxon, Collector; Eli Douglass, William R. Hawkins, Norman B. Maxon, Highway Commissioners; Richard Douglass, Nathan Youngs, Directors of the Poor; Oliver C. Hill, Albert G. Towers, Edrick Atwater, School Inspectors; James L. Miner, Norman. B. Maxon, Constables.

After the passage of resolutions regarding stock running at large, and naming $2 as the township bounty for wolves and $0.50 for foxes, the election was adjourned to one year from date.

The highway commissioners held their first meeting in May, 1838. Six road districts were organized, and those named as overseers were as follows: George H. Lake, District No. 1; Stephen L. Cole, No. 2 ; Nathan Youngs, No. 3; Albert G.-Towers, No. 4; Jacob McLin, No. 5; Samuel 0. Wells, No. 6.

The first highway laid by the commissioners of Texas was authorized June 18, 1838, as the township line road, between Texas and Portage. It commenced at the north- west corner of section 6, in Portage, and ran thence south along the township line six miles; to a stake standing on the southwest corner of section 31, in said township.

The first audit of accounts was made Sept. 25, 1838, when bills to the amount of $18 were allowed.

At the general election held Nov. 5 and 6, 1838, 38 votes were polled for candidates for Congress and county offices. The township board of auditors again met Feb. 22, 1839, and allowed bills to the amount of $36 (making a total of $54) as the expense of conducting the affairs of the new township for the first year.

TOWNSHIP OFFICERS.

The following tables embrace complete lists of township officers from the organization of the township (1838) to the present time, except for those years where the records have been lost or destroyed:

SUPERVISORS.

1838, Samuel 0. Wells; 1839-40, Albert G. Towers; 1841, Abial Stanley; 1842, James Weed ; 1843, Eli Douglass ; 1844, James Weed; 1842, Samuel 0. Wells ; 1846, Eli Douglass ; 1847, George Rix; 1818-49, William II. Edgar: 1850, George Rix; 1851-62, Eli Douglass; 1853, Albert G. Towers; 1854, James Weed; 1855, Eli Douglass; 1856, James Weed; 1857-58, Laurentio G. Hunt; 1859-60, Lewis Johnson; 1861-64, Charles Booth; 1865, S. Dirnick; 1806, Daniel Rix;* 1867-68, Thomas D. Rix; 1869-71, Chauncey Bonfoey; 1872, Daniel G. North; 1873, Thomas D. Rix; 1874-76, Lewis Johnson; 1877, Thomas D. Rix; 1878, Owen P. Morton ; 1879, Isaac Birdsall.

TOWNSHIP CLERKS.

1838-41, James Weed ; 1842, Oliver C. Hill: 1843, Albert 0. Towers; 1844, Oliver C. Hill; 1845, James Weed; 1846, Albert O. Towers; 1847-48, William Boylan; 1840-52, James Weed; 1853, William Boylan; 1854-55, Stephen H. Wattles; 1856, John S. Rice; 1857, Orson A. Lewis; 1858, Sylvanus M. Fish; 1859-60, Albert G. Towers; 1861, James Weed; 1862, R. F. Howard; 1863, Lewis Johnson; 1864, Asahel Walker; 1865-67, Daniel Douglass; 1868-75, Franklin H. Swan; 1876, Nathaniel K. Hunt; 1877, Isaac Birdsall; 1878, Edwin Towers; 1879, Lucius B. Kinney.

TREASURERS.

1838, none elected; 1839, Albert G. Towers; 1840-41, Eli Douglass; 1842, John D. Ramsey; 1843-16, Levi Luce; 1847-49, James Weed; 1850, Eli Douglass; 1851-55, no record; 1856, Lewis Burdick; 1857, Edward Hope; 1858, Albert O. Towers; 1859, no record; 1860-61, Henry Wagar; 1862, Eli Douglass; 1863-65, Chauncey Bonfoey; 1866, John H. Bushnell; 1867, Jerome Parsons; 1868-69, Isaac Birdsnll; 1870-71, Henry Fellows; 1872, George Wattles; 1873-75, Charles E. Hope; 1876, Jerome Parsons; 1877, Ormond M. Stevens; 1878, Jerome Parsons; 1879, Nathaniel K. Hunt.

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE.

1838, Eli Douglass, Albert G. Towers, Samuel 0. Wells, Stephen L. Cole; 1839, William R. Hawkins, Norman B. Maxon; 1840, Albert G. Towers, Daniel Wilsey; 1841, William H. Hawkins; 1842, Edrick Atwater, Doxie Dane; 1843, Abner Dwelly; 1844, Oliver C. Hill, George Rix; 1845, William H. Edgar; 1846, William W. Youngs; 1847, Jesse Palmer: 1848, Jacob McLin; 1849, George Rix, John E. Welch; 1850-55, no record; 1856, Christopher C. Clapp; 1857, A. Kyser; 1858, Lewis Johnson ; 1859, no record; 1860, Charles H. Booth; 1861, Owen P. Morton; 1862, Ralph W. Wooster, A. Kyser; 1863, Edward Hope; 1864, John H. Bushnell; 1865, Christopher C. Clapp; 1866, William Munson; 1867, Anson Jones; 1868, George Sprague; 1869, Allison Kinney, 1870, Daniel G. North; 1871, Anson Jones, Daniel G. North; 1872, Franklin H. Swan, Lewis S. Burdick; 1873, William B. Bertine; 1874, Lewis S. Burdick; 1875, Anson Jones; 1876, Lansing Stafford, Smith Williams; 1877, Alanson C. Hiscock; 1878, Lewis S. Burdick; 1879, Chauncey Bonfoey.

ASSESSORS.

1838, Abial Stanley, Asahel Nelson, James Weed; 1839, Samuel 0. Wells, Edrick Atwater, Norman B. Maxon; 1840. Oliver C. Hill, William It. Hawkins, James Weed; 1841, Eli Douglas, James Weed, Joseph K. Fuller; 1842, James M. Wallace, William Hawkins; 1843, Albert G. Towers, Joseph K. Fuller; 1844, William W. Youngs, George Rix; 1845, James Weed, William L. Booth; 1846, Abial Stanley, Samuel Van Doran; 1847, Jesse Palmer; 1848, Samuel 0. Wells, George Rix; 1849, Samuel 0. Wells, Williams L. Booth.

HIGHWAY COMMISSIONERS.

1838, Eli Douglass, William R. Hawkins, Norman B. Maxon; 1839, Eli Douglass, Abial Stanley, Isaac P. Morehouse; 1840, Eli Douglass, Isaac 1*. Morehouse, Daniel Wilsey; 1841, Eli Douglass, Asahel Nelson, Albert G. Towers; 1842, Oramel Butler, Allen McLin, Joseph K. Fuller ; 1843, Abial Stanley, George H. Lake, Asahel Nelson; 1844, Abial Stanley, Abner Dwelly, James M. Wallace; 1845, Samuel Van Doran, James M. Wallace, Abial Stanley ; 1846, David Douglass, John D. Ramsey, William W. Youngs; 1847, Lewis Johnson, William W. Youngs, Lorenzo Ballard; 1848, John B. Seacoy, William L. Booth; 1849, John B. Seacoy, William 11. Crandall; 1850, Eli Douglass; 1851-55, no record; 1856, Allen Kyser; 1867, William Borden; 1858, Ralph W. Wooster; 1859, no record; 1860, Lewis S. Burdick; 1801, Alfred M. Parrish: 1862, Thomas Stafford; 1863, Johnson Rix; 1864, Solomon M. Pier; 1865, George W. Sprague; 1866, Chauncey Bonfoey; 1867, Solomon M. Pier; 1868, Anson Jones; 1860, Lewis Johnson, Charles Stuart; 1870, Smith Williams; 1871, 0. M. Stevens; 1872, Thomas P. Dunham; 1873, Smith Williams, Lansing P. Stafford; 1874, Gardner Swan; 1875, Edwin McElroy 1876, Daniel G. North; 1877, Henry Fellows; 1878, Alanson C. Hiscock; 1879, 0. M. Stevens.

SCHOOL INSPECTORS.

1838, Oliver C. Hill, Albert G. Towers, Edrick Atwater; 1839-40, William K.* Butler, George H. Lake, James Weed; 1841, James Weed, William K. Butler, Hosea B. Douglass; 1842, George H. Lake, James Weed, Oliver C. Hill; 1843, George II. Lake, Hosea B. Douglass; 1844, James Weed; 1845, Jacob Youngs; 1846, Mortimer Fuller; 1817, William Stafford; 1848, William D. Booth ; 1849, William Boylan; 1850 to 1855, inclusive, no record ; 1850, L. G. Hunt; 1857, William A. Borden; 1858, L. G. Hunt; 1859, no record; I860, Charles II. Booth; 1861, George W. Sprague; 1802, George D. Sessions; 1803, Orlando Meacbam; 1864, John G. Hill; 1805, Charles G. Weed; 1800, Isaac Birdsell; 1807, Marshall C. Lapham; 1808, George Wattles; 1809, Henry Fellows, Marshall C. Lapham; 1870, Joseph A. Braden; 1871. Isaac Birdsall; 1872, Henry Fellows; 1873,Isaac Birdsall; 1874-77, Henry Fellows; 1878,George W. Douglass; 1879, Henry Fellows.

DIRECTORS OF THE POOR.

1838, Richard Douglass, Nathan Youngs; 1839, Richard Douglass, Oramel Butler; 1840, Richard Douglass, John D, Ramsey; 1841, Oramel Butler, Alvah Stevens; 1842, Abial Stanley, Asahel Nelson; 1843-44, William R. Hawkins, Opha Davis; 1845, Abial Stanley, Albert G. Towers; 1840, Oliver C. Hill, William L. Booth; 1847, Benjamin Parrish, Isaac Gage; 1848, Edward McElroy, Joseph Johnson; 1848, David Douglass, Edward McElroy; 1850 to 1855, no record; 1850, A. B.Hill, Nathaniel Reed; 1857-58, Albert G. Towers, Johnson Rix.

COLLECTORS.

1838, Norman B. Maxon; 1839, Samuel Van Doran; 1840, Abner Dwelly; 1841, John D. Ramsey.

TOWNSHIP SCHOOL SUPERINTENDENTS.

1875-77, Isaac Stuart; 1878, Nathaniel K. Hunt; 1878, Ashley R. Lapham; 1879, George W. Douglass.

DRAIN COMMISSIONERS.

1878, Hugh Campbell; 1879, Charles Cronkite.

CONSTABLES.

1838, James L. Miner, Norman B. Maxon; 1839, Samuel Van Doran, David Douglass; 1840, William K. Butler, Doxie Lane; 1841, Horace E. Stevens; 1842, Jacob McLin, John D. Ramsey, William Youngs; 1843, Jacob McLin, Lewis Johnson, James M. Wallace, Henry S. Durkee; 1844, Jacob McLin, Lewis Johnson, James M. Wallace,* 1845, Jacob McLin, Lewis Johnson, Henry S. Durkee; 1846, George Day, Harrison W. Crandall, Jacob McLin; 1847, Truman Hall, John B. Seacoy, George Gage; 1848, John B.Seacoy, Levi Wood, George Gage, Benjamin Parrish; 1849, Thomas Rix, Levi Wood, George Gage, Henry Wagar; 1850-55, no record; 1856, Henry Wagar, A. P. Barney, Myron W. Stafford, George B. Rix; 1857, Charles W. Parrish, Daniel Rix, Myron W. Stafford, Jerome Parsons; 1858, Jerome Parsons, Chauncey Bonfocy, Myron W. Stafford, Marshall H. Ferguson; 1859, no record ; 1860, Marshall H. Ferguson, Chauncey Bonfoey, N. MoLin ; 1861, Marshall H. Ferguson, Nelson McLin, Robert Towers; 1862, Myron W. Stafford, Albert J. Rix, Samuel Hawley, Charles Cronkite; 1863, Samuel Hawley, Albert J. Rix; 1864, Daniel Handing, Jr., William Keen, Albert. J. Rix, Myron W. Stafford; 1865, C. M. Francis, C. C. Clapp. II. Tuttle; 1866, Charles Cornell, William Keen, Charles Hope, Monroe Stevens; 1867, Llewellyn Jones, Charles Hope, Samuel Hawley, Fillmore Hursh; 1868, John Isenhart, Charles Crandall, Llewellyn Jones, William Keen ; 1869, George Gage, Llewellyn Jones, John Isenhart, Albert Newkirk; 1870, Allen Owens, John Shirley, Erastus G. Jones, Edwin Rogers; 1871, Erastus G. Jones, W. S. Buck, John Shirley, Charles Cronkite; 1872, Llewellyn Jones, Edwin Rogers, John Shirley, Myron W. Stafford; 1873,Llewellyn Jones: Hassan A. Rogers, Isaac H. Hope, Henry Williams; 1874, John Shirley, Llewellyn Jones, Edwin Rogers, William C. Stuart; 1875, Joseph A. Rix, Edwin Rogers, John Shirley, William C. Stuart; 1876, Albert J. Rix, Nathaniel K. Hunt, John Shirley, David Ingersoll; 1877, John Shirley, - Merry weather, 0. M. Stevens, William C. Stewart; 1878, 0. M. Stevens, A. L. Campbell, W. S. Buck, George W. Young; 1879, Thomas D. Rix, Edward Hope, Archibald Fee, Edwin Hiscock.

EARLY STATISTICS.

The assessment-roll for the year 1839 contained the names of 44 resident tax-payers. The number of acres owned, and the number and kind of live-stock, etc., possessed by each at that period, are shown in the following tabulated statement:

William Bishop, 106 acres, 3 horses, 6 cows, 3 young cattle, 12 swine, $560 personal property, $2150 real estate.

Oram Butler, 2 horses, 1 cow, $215 personal property.

Thomas McLin, 200 acres, 4 horses, 2 oxen, 3 cows, 4 young cattle, 7 swine. $735 personal property, $2635 real estate.

Justin Halstead, 2 horses, 2 cows, 4 swine, $170 personal property.

George Middleton, 2 horses, 1 cow, 1 swine, $230 personal property.

William Clausen, 3 horses, 9 swine, $330 personal property.

Levi Luce, 160 acres, 2 horses, 1 cow, 2 young cattle, 2 swine, $315 personal property, $2155 real estate.

William Harris, 200 acres, 2 horses, 1 ox, 3 cows, 2 young cattle, 6 swine, $455 personal property, $2015 real estate.

James Weed, 240 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows, 3 young cattle, 3 swine, $300 personal property, $1230 real estate.

Edward McElroy, 160 acres, 2 horses, 1 ox, 3 cows, 1 young cattle, 9 swine, $440 personal property, $1085 real estate.

James H. Hogshead, 560 acres, 2 horses, $160 personal property, $3360 real estate.

Abial Stanley, 80 acres, 2 horses, 1 cow, 1 young cattle, $205 personal property, $565 real estate.

0. C. Hill, 320 acres, 2 horses, 1 cow, 1 young cattle, 2 swine, $287 personal property, $1387 real estate.

A. G. Towers, 120 acres, 1 horse, 1 ox, 1 swine, $126 personal property, $606 real estate.

John McLin, 40 acres, $400 real estate.

Samuel Von Doran, 40 acres, 2 horses, 3 oxen, 1 cow, 1 young cattle, 2 swine, $405 personal property, $525 real estate.

John Snyder, 160 acres, 2 horses, 1 ox, 1 cow, 2 young cattle, 2 swine, $150 personal property, $840 real estate.

Eli Douglass, 520 acres, 2 horses, 2 oxen, 1 cow, 1 young cattle, 3 swine, $440 personal property, $2630 real estate.

Samuel 0. Wells, 880 acres, 6 horses, 1 ox, 1 cow, 6 young cattle, 6 swine, $435 personal property, $7935 real estate.

Oramel Butler, Jr., 2 horses, 1 cow, 2 young cattle, 1 swine, $204 personal property.

John McNett, 80 acres, 1 horse, $60 personal property, $370 real estate.

Henry McNeil, 160 acres, $550 real estate.

Daniel Ingram, 80 acres, $240 real estate.

William Sanderson, 2 horses, $75 personal property.

Cynthia Youngs, 80 acres, $240 real estate.

Allen McLin, 40 acres, 1 horse, 1 cow, $70 personal property, $330 real estate.

Alvah Stevens, 2 oxen, 1 cow, 9 swine, $266 personal property.

Asahel Nelson, 280 acres, $1120 real estate.

N. B. Maxon, 160 acres, 3 horses, 1 ox, 1 swine, $235 personal property, $715 real estate.

Nathaniel Reed, 80 acres, 1 ox, 1 cow, $90 personal property, $330 real estate.

Wm. R. Hawkins, 240 acres, 3 oxen, 2 cows, 1 young cattle, $362 personal property, $1222 real estate.

Ephraim Payne, 1 ox, 1 cow, $155 personal property.

Joseph Johnson, 160 acres, 2 horses, 1 cow, $205 personal property, $790 real estate.

Isaac Gage, 160 acres, 2 oxen, 1 cow, $285 personal property, $765 real estate.

George H. Lake, 254 acres, $872 real estate.

John D. Ramsay, 80 acres, 1 ox, 1 cow, 2 young cattle, $170 personal property, $410 real estate.

Caleb Johnson, 4 horses, 1 cow, $555 personal property.

John Van Doran, 56 acres, 1 ox, 1 cow, $155 personal property, $323 real estate.

Isaac P. Morehouse, 240 acres, 1 ox, 1 cow, $210 personal property, $1130 real estate.

Richard Douglass, 272 acres, 1 horse, 1 ox, 1 cow, $355 personal property, $1410 real estate. David Douglass, $80 personal property.

Edrick Atwater, 400 acres, $25 personal property, $825 real estate.

J. M. Morrif, 92 acres, $620 real estate.

Smith Payne, 40 acres, $120 real estate.

EDUCATIONAL.

Records and traditions fail to answer the inquiry who taught the first school or when the first school-house was built. From the report of the proceedings of the township election held in 1840, we find that the place designated for holding the next annual township-meeting was the schoolhouse in District No. 2, and at the same time the sum of 875-was voted for the support of primary schools. It is very probable that Districts 1 to 4, inclusive, were organized at about this time (1840), and school-houses erected soon after, in Districts 1, 2, and 4.

No school records prior to the year 1849 seem to have been preserved. From them we find that the teachers licensed during the year were I. N. Cobb, Mr. Woodman, Ann Duncan, and Helen Tisdale. The amount of public money received from the primary-school fund was $29.04, apportioned as follows: To District No. 1, 40 scholars, $13.20; to District No. 2, 48 scholars, $15.84. During the fall of the same year District No. 4 reported 12 scholars.

The teachers licensed by the township board of education during the sixth decade were as follows:

1850.—Lucinda Mattice, Jane Benedict, Isaac Stuart.

1851.—Juliana Douglass, Mary Allen, Julia Hill, Thomas Fitzsimmons, S. W. Deming, Angeline Russell.

1852.—Fanny Beckley, Adeline McCrary, Miss H. Hunt, Celina Reese.

1853.—Helen M. Stuart, Mary Heydenburk, Sarah Gray, Eveline Robbins, L. G. Hunt.

1854.*—Miss Frances Austin.

1855.*—Loisa Foote.

1856.—Jennie McCall, Ann M. Fitzsimmons, Catharine McCall, Sarah E. Russell, Louisa Tisdale, Julia A. Church, George T. Hall, Ellen Weston.

1857.—Jeannette Fisk, Ann Abbey, Mrs. F. M. Warren, Ellen Butler, Allen Beebe, Charles G. Weed, E. P. Mills.

1858.—Adeline Hathaway, Sarah Weed, Ann Wager, Emily Douglass, Sarah Docker, J. H. Breed, J. D. Rowe, L. C. Wood hull.

1850.—Minerva Barney, Mary Ann De Wolf, Adelaide Sartell, Caroline Fisk, Anna L. Weed, Sarah 0. Weed.

The apportionment of primary-school funds for the year

1860, was as follows: District No. 1, 30 scholars, $12.69;
No. 2, 50 scholars, $21.16; No. 4, 21 scholars, $8.88;
No. 7, 47 scholars, $19.88; No. 8, 34 scholars, $14.39;
No. 9, 32 scholars, $22.69; No. 10, 34 scholars, $14.39.

The same for 1870 was: Fractional District No. 1, 31 scholars, $14.88 ; District No. 2, 33 scholars, $15.84; No. 4, 28 scholars, $13.47; Fractional No. 6, 45 scholars, $21.60; Fractional No. 7, 82 scholars, $39.36; District No. 8, 46 scholars, $22.08; No. 10,71 scholars, $34.08; No. 11, 40 scholars, $19.20 ; No. 12, 43 scholars, $20.64.

From the annual report of the township board of education for the year ending Sept. 1, 1879, are taken the following statistics.

Number of districts (whole, 6; fractional, 3)............................9
Number children of school age residing in the township.................414
Number attending school during the year................................350
Number frame school-houscs...............................................9
Seating capacity of school-houses......................................431
Value of school property.............................................$5300
Teachers employed during the year (males, 9; females, 11)...............20
Months taught (males, 37 J; females, 374)...........................74 3/4
Paid male teachers.................................................$868.00
Paid female teachers...............................................$472.00
Total resources for the year..................................... $3088.73

PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY. The original members of Texas Grange, No. 171, P. of H held their first meeting Dec. 24, 1873. A dispensation from the National Granger was granted Jan. 3, 1874; a charter, March 23d of the same year; and the lodge was regularly incorporated, according to the laws of the State of Michigan, Feb. 17,1877. The charter members were Mr. and Mrs. David F. Lane, Mr. and Mrs. John F. Campbell, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kronkite, Mr. and Mrs. David Ingersoll, William D. Munson, Mr. and Mrs. John Shirley, Elmer Parsons, Wallace Parsons, Edwin Wright, Charles E. Hope, Warren W. Hill, James Angell, Thomas J. Howe, Nelson Parsons, Sarah E. Long, Theodore Francis, Mrs. Theodore Francis, William Borden, Joseph A. Braden, Miss Jane Munson, L. A. Parsons, Mrs. Sallie Hill, Mrs. Ella Hill, Lafayette Hill, Charles S. Whipple.

The first board of officers, elected in 1874, were William Borden, Master; Robert Towers, Overseer; Lafayette Hill, Lecturer; Daniel Hending, Steward; Warren W. Hill, Asst. Steward; Mrs. Mary Douglass, Lady Asst. Steward; Mrs. David Lane, Chaplain; Joseph A. Braden, Sec.; John Shirley, Gate-Keeper ; George W. Douglass, Treas.; Mrs. Josie Towers, Pomona; Mrs. Joseph A. Braden, Flora ; Mrs. Sallie Hill, Ceres.

The presiding officers for the years from 1875 to 1878, inclusive, have been George W. Douglass, in 1875 ; Lafayette Hill, 1876; Charles S. Whipple, 1877 and portion of 1878; Daniel Hending, to fill vacancy, in 1878.

The present officers of the grange are Lansing P. Stafford, Master; Charles E. Hope, Overseer; Lewis Johnson, Lecturer; William W. Harrison, Steward ; Frank E. Kinne, Asst. Steward; Mrs. Sarah Hope, Lady Asst. Steward; Mrs. Sallie Hill, Chaplain ; Warren W. Hill, Sec.; Lafayette Hill, Gate-Keeper; Edward Hope, Treas.; Ella Towers, Flora; Eva Towers, Pomona; Carrie Briggs, Ceres.

A commodious grange hall was erected on the southwest corner of section 14, in February and March, 1876, at a cost of $1200, and was dedicated April 22d of the same year. The lower portion of the building is also used for township purposes.


BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.

HAYNES, William

JOHNSON, Lewis

McLIN, Jacob

OWEN P. MORTON.



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