Kalkaska Co Michigan
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South Boardman


South Boardman, MI (Church Street) (1910s)

This is the only village of growing importance, excepting the village of Kalkaska, in the county. It is located on Sections 16 and 21, in the town of Boardman, eight miles southwest of Kalkaska and thirty-seven miles from Traverse City. The Grand Rapids & Indiana Railroad enters the southwest corner of the town and extends in a northeasterly direction through it, crossing the south branch of the Boardman River at this point. There is an excellent water power that originally induced the location of this village on the plains.

By far the larger part of this township is justly rated as good fanning land. It is traversed in nearly every direction by good roads, while neat school-houses and church privileges attest the importance attached by its citizens to intellectual and religious instruction and cultivation. Within the distance of one mile from the railroad station spoken of except, perhaps, on the north and northwest, the usual varieties of hardwood timber of this part of Michigan are found of splendid growth and appearance. An intelligent and enterprising population are constantly receiving additions from the older parts of the United States and Canada. There are many well improved farms in Boardman.

The history of the village is substantially as follows: Hamilton Stone, of Ovid, Mich., was engaged in lumbering and handling timber and wood. He was a native of Syracuse, N. Y., and came to Ovid in 1858. Coming at that early day he had participated in all the development and progress of Ovid. In 1871 Orange A. Row located in what is now Orange Township, and, being acquainted with Mr. Stone, told him of a tract of eighty acres of land lying near the crossing of the railroad and the south branch of the Boardman River. Mr. Stone purchased the tract upon the representations made by Mr. Row and soon afterward came up to look at it. The line of the railroad was at that time established and Mr. Stone found a letter water power than he had anticipated. The railroad company platted a village which Mr. Stone afterward purchased.

In the fall of 1874 Mr. Stone, accompanied by several others, came here to commence operations. He brought some lumber from below, the railroad being in operation at that time. They arrived here about sundown and proceeded to build a shanty with some of the lumber. A temporary structure was put up, open at one end, and then a huge fire was built. They cooked supper, and through the night took turns in standing guard over the fire. Two of the party were 0. A. Row and J. D. Dagle. This was the initial movement toward the village of South Hoard roan. Mr. Stone then went at work and built the depot and the building known as the Boardman River House. Early in 1875 a man named Thomas Wasson moved a portable saw-mill to this point from Mancelona, and operated it a short time when it was spirited away and seen no more.

A postoffice was established, with Addison McCoy as postmaster. The office was kept in the depot and the business attended to by the station agent.

Early in the summer of 1875 Frank P. Smith moved his stock of goods here from Fife Lake and opened a store in the building next to the Boardman River House. He was appointed postmaster and moved the office to his store. He carried on business until 1888, when he sold his stock to E. Murray, who succeeded him as postmaster. Mr. Smith is now a resident of Grand Rapids. When he began business here it was literally in the midst of a wilderness, and in the town of Boardman there were not to exceed fifteen families. He did a successful business despite the solitude of the region.

Mr. Stone, upon examining the situation, realized that the beginning of a village in 1874 was too far in advance of agricultural development to prove successful, and nothing was done, beyond what has been mentioned, for nearly two years. In 1870 Mr. Stone began the improvement of his water power. It was attended with hard work, but in 1877 a dam was completed, and in 1878 a saw-mill ready for operation. Even the full extent of the power was not understood, and a muley saw was put into the mill. Mr. Stone leased the mill to T. P. Shuerts who operated it for a time, and it was then leased to M. D. Mapes & Son, who still continues to operate it. After the mill had been operated awhile it was found that the power would warrant increased capacity for work, and the old muley saw was replaced with a circular and other machinery added. There is a fall of ten feet at this mill, giving an excellent power. The capacity of the mill was increased from 2,000 to 15,300 feet of lumber a day.

A school building had been built in 1875, the saw-mill continued to be operated, but for several years there was little activity in building. In 1879 T. P. Shuerts built a dam and grist-mill on the river and commenced running the mill in 1880. He afterwards sold it to W H. Leach and Frank P. Smith, and the latter now owns it. It is operated by George A. Sheldon.

In 1888 the village took a new start and most of it has been built up since the beginning of that year. Large steam saw-mills were built by J. L. Quinby, of Grand Rapids, and M. B. Farrin & Co., of Cincinnati. Mr. Stone is improving another water-power and erecting large taming works, which will be a material addition to the industries of the place. The various brunches of mercantile business are represented. The Boardman River House is kept by Deney & Wells, and is a good hotel. New buildings are rapidly multiplying and the future of the village is promising. The religious denominations represented here are the Methodist and United Brethren. A Grand Army poet is about to be established, twenty-two members having already signed the roll.

W. H. Leach, one of the first to locate land in what is now the town of Boardman, is a native of Erie County, Ohio. In August, 1861, he enlisted in Company D, First Michigan Cavalry. He was subsequently commissioned second lieutenant in the Fourth Cavalry, and still later promoted to captain. He remained in the service until August, 1864. In the fall of 1870 he came to Kalkaska County, then a part of Antrim County, and located land on Section 82, in what is now the town of Boardman. In 1872 he removed here with his family and began the hard work of making a farm in a new country. He continued to live upon his farm until the full of 1882, when he moved to the village of South Boardman, having purchased an interest in the grist-mill at this place. He afterward sold his mill interest and opened a flour and feed store. He is also a local agent of the express company. Mr. Leach was the second supervisor of the town and held that, office seven years. He has a wife and four children.

John D. Dagle, supervisor of the town of Boardman in 1883 and 84, is an early settler in the township. He is a native of Vermont and in 1849 came to Michigan with his parents from Ohio, where they had lived several years. After coming to Michigan they settled in Huron County, and in August, 1862, Mr. Dagle enlisted in Company A, Twenty-sixth Michigan Regiment. He was promoted to Second Lieutenant and was a scout under Gen. Miles about a year. He remained in the service until the close of the war in 1865. His father, Francis Dagle, had settled in Orange Township, in 1871, being one of the first settlers in that town, and in the fall of 1878 John Dagle settled on Section 21, in the town of Boardman. In January, 1888, he removed to the village of South Boardman and engaged in business. He has taught, school several terms and held the office of supervisor.

CROFTON
Crofton is a station on the Grand Rapids & Indiana Railroad, five miles south of Kalkaska. Operations at this point were begun in 1875 by the firm of Meek, Junk and Hiate, who built a mill and engaged in lumbering. The village was platted in 1877, and the same year was almost entirely destroyed by fire, but at that time it was quite a lumber center and speedily recovered from the disaster. We find mention of Crofton in May, 1878, as follows: — “Less than a year ago, Crofton, then only consisting of a saw mill, boarding-house, store, and three or four dwellings, was almost entirely burned. With characteristic enterprise the proprietors, Messrs. Meek, Harper & Duthie, immediately rebuilt the mill mid put it in operation. Since that time the town has been platted. There are now about twenty-five buildings. The principal business is the manufacture of lumber by the firm above mentioned. About one million feet have been shipped to the southern markets since the first of March. Fifty-one car loads were shipped in the month of April alone. The saw-mill is kept constantly in operation, and it requires twelve teams to supply the logs. Between thirty and forty men are employed. There is also a store, owned by the proprietors of the mill and town, stocked with a general assortment of groceries and provisions, and a considerable trade is supplied from the surrounding country. There is it large and convenient hotel or boarding-house. Also a postoffice. Quite a number of lots have been sold, and substantial dwelling-houses are being erected thereon. Lots arc being cleared and fenced, and-the place is really assuming the appearance of a growing town. It is situated five miles south of Kalkaska, on the Grand Rapids & Indiana Railroad, and is surrounded by excellent farming lands, and the country is rapidly settling up. The proprietors of the town are energetic find enterprising business men.”

Since that time the village has rather gone backward, and there is but little business done at the present time.

WESTWOOD
Westwood is a station on the Grand Rapids & Indiana Railroad, about nine miles north of Kalkaska, and in the town of Rapid River. The place was started in 1877. The first business interests were the saw-mill of Campbell, Duncan & Co., James Campbell's general store, William E. Hopkins’ bowl factory, the Westwood House, O. B. Dewey, proprietor, and a wagon and blacksmith shop.

The store of Mr. Campbell was started in 1873, about a mile from the present site of the village, and afterwards removed to its present location. Several stores were opened at this point, but in the summer of 1882 the village was visited with the scourge of smallpox, which prevailed for a period of two months. Business and all communication with the outside world of any business character was suspended. Five deaths occurred and the village has never recovered from the effects of the blight. There is a church building, on Odd Fellows' hall, the mill and store of James Campbell. James Campbell, merchant, Westwood, was born in London, Canada, July 25, 1845. He spent his youth and received his education chiefly in his native country. Shortly after he attained his majority he went to California, and a few months later to Washington Territory, where he remained nearly three years. From there he came to what is now Westwood, Kalkaska County, Mich., before the railroad was built and when the forest there was yet almost unbroken. He purchased some 600 acres of land at various points, spent some time in the improvement of some of the land, and in May, 1878, he opened mercantile business about two miles south of his present location, just when the railway track reached that point. He occupied a temporary building there until stations were established on the road, and then removed to his present place of mercantile business at Westwood Station. In October, 1877, with William Duncan and C. Graham, of Sturgis, and C. M. Hall, now of Elk Rapids, he built the saw-mill at Westwood and engaged in manufacturing lumber, but from Want of experience, the business the first year resulted in heavy loss. Mr. Campbell, still hopeful, bought the interests of the other parties, and benefiting. by former experience, and taking, in some respects, a new line of operation, has secured profitable and satisfactory results from the enterprise. He is also still engaged somewhat in agricultural enterprise near Westwood. In the spring of 1875 he built and opened the store now occupied by Mr. Vinton at Leetsville, and under the management of Mr. David Nimmo, conducted it as a branch store for two years in October, 1881, he opened the store of general merchandise at Spencer Creek, now conducted under the firm name of M. M. Elder & Co. It is in an enlarging and prosperous condition, and he still retains ah interest in the business. On April 8, 1874, he was married to Miss Esther E. Evans, of Rapid River. She is daughter of the late Lorenzo Evans, one of the earliest and past known pioneers of Rapid River. Mr. Campbell has served two years as clerk and four years as supervisor of Rapid River Township, and has been postmaster of Westwood postoffice ever since its establishment in October, 1878. Westwood Lodge, No. 854, L O. O. F., was instituted at the village of Westwood, Nov. 28, 1881, by D. D. O. M. James Greacen, assisted by J. W. Mosher, H. U. Hill, W. B. Ferguson, J. F. McClung, 0. A. Row, R. L. Thompson and William Sheldon, of Kalkaska Lodge, and other members of the fraternity from other neighboring lodges. The new lodge had about twenty members, and the first officers were as follows: T. Landon, N. G.; William Johnson, V. G.; Henry Lannin, Secy; M. M. Elder, Treas.

LEETSVILLE.
Leetsville is a station on the Grand Rapids & Indiana Railroad, about five miles north of Kalkaska. There are a general store, saw-mill, postoffice, etc. It is situated in an excellent farming region, but does only a small local business. S. M. Vinton, merchant, Leetsville, was born in South Hadley Falls, Mass., Jan. 21, 1846. When about thirteen years of age he removed with his parents to Waterloo, DeKalb County, Ind., and, with the exception of two years spent in fanning in Ohio, resided there until April, 1878. His early years were devoted chiefly to school studies and agricultural pursuits. He was for five years baggage master at Waterloo and Goshen on the L. 8. & M. S. R. R. His removal in 1878 from Waterloo was to Williamsburg. Grand Traverse County, where he spent two years in mercantile work, and two in the manufacture of lumber. On April 8, 1875, he was married to Miss Ellen C. Follett from near Williamsburg. They have had two children, now both deceased. Mrs. E. C. Vinton died Dec. 17, 1879. Mr. Vinton's second marriage was to Miss Viola F. Banfill, of Capac, St. Clair County, Nov. 28, 1881. She was born in St. Clair County, Sept. 2, 1869. They have one infant son, born June 29, 1888. In May, 1877, he removed to Leetsville, Kalkaska Comity, and engaged in mercantile business, where he is enjoying a liberal and growing patronage. He has been two years township treasurer and two years township clerk of Rapid River Township. He has been postmaster at Leetsville since 1877. Fraternally, he is a Free Mason, and exults in brotherly love, relief and truth. Burton A. Jones, manufacturer of lumber, Leetsville, was born in Crawford County, Penn., May 28, 1852. He left his native state with his parents in 1805, spent two years in Genesee County, Mich., and then removed to Lagrange County, Ind. On June 15, 1878, he was married to Miss Mary Strung, also of Lagrange County. She was born there Aug., 1818. Their children are B. Eugene, Lena Blanche and Bertha Augusta. In 1882 they removed to Leetsville, Kalkaska County, Mich. Mr. Jones has erected and is conducting a saw-mill, manufacturing pine and hard wood lumber. The mill has capacity for cutting from fifteen to eighteen thousand feet per day. Mr. Jones is now, in 1881, highway commissioner of Rapid River.

BIOGRAPHICAL.

R. L. Thompson, one of the first residents of the village, was born in Scotland, in the year 1882. At the age of three years his parents emigrated to America, and he was brought up in Cattaraugus County, N. Y. In 1865 he came to southern Michigan and engaged in farming. He afterward carried on lumbering and at the time the enterprise at Kalkaska was projected, was living at Grand Junction. In the fall of 1872 he came to Kalkaska in company with A. A. Abbott and built a saw-mill as already narrated. Since selling the mill he has been engaged in farming and lumbering. In December, 1857, he was married to Harriet A. Pratt, in Chenango County, N. Y.

Cornelius Cronin, present sheriff of Kalkaska County, is one of the early settlers of the county. He was born in Ireland and went to Canada when quite young. In 1862 he came from Canada to Traverse City, where he was in the employ of Hannah, Lay & Co. three years. He then went to Elk Rapids, where he was in the employ of Dexter & Noble. In the fall of 1869 he moved to Section 31, in what is now known as Clear Water, and engaged in farming. In the fall of 1878 he was elected treasurer of the county and removed to Kalkaska Village. In 1881 he went into the grocery business, which he carried on about two years. In October, 1888, he engaged in the boot and shoe business, which he still continues. In the fall of 1882 he was elected sheriff of the county, which office he now holds.

Ambrose E. Palmer, merchant at Kalkaska, is one of the pioneers of this section, and a prominent business man. He was bora in the city of New York. He received a liberal education, and leaving school in 1868, traveled a year in the West to recuperate his health. In 1869 he located at Torch Lake and remained there several yews, engaged in the lumber and mercantile business. In 1876 he removed to the village of Kalkaska and engaged in the mercantile business in the building known as the Kalkaskian Building. In 1880 the large brick block of which he is one of the owners was built, and upon its completion he removed to the store-room which he now occupies. His stock includes dry goods, clothing and boots and shoes, and is the most extensive of the kind in the county. He is also president and general manager of the Kalkaska Manufacturing Company. He has held numerous local offices. Has a wife and two children.

D. E. McVean, wholesale and retail dealer in groceries, Kalkaska, is of Scotch descent and was* born at Scottsville, Monroe County, in the year 1842. In 1846 his parents removed to Michigan, and settled in Kent County. His father was surveyor of that county for a number of years, and one of its pioneers. Mr. McVean learned civil engineering and took up surveying as a pursuit. In 1872 he came to Kalkaska with a view of locating, and was promised the office of county surveyor upon becoming a resident of the county. The following spring he moved here and was county surveyor until 1882. Soon after coming here he purchased a building begun for a hotel, now the Manning House, and finished it. He kept the hotel a few months and then sold it. About 1878 he began to deal in pine lands and other real estate, and still continues that business. He has sold within the past few years up- ward of $700,000 worth of pine lands. In the summer of 1879 he went into the grocery business on the corner now occupied by the hank. The following spring he was burned out, and afterward purchased the grocery stock of R. S. Abbott. During the season of 1880, in company with A. C. Beebe, who for a short time was a partner in business, he built one-quarter of the large brick block in which his store is now situated. In 1882 he bought out Mr. Beebe and curries on business alone. He does a large wholesale and retail business, and is one of the most successful business men in this portion of the state. He has a wife and three children. Mr. McVean took part in the civil war, being in service from the summer of 1862 until December, 1865. He went into service with Company B, Sixth Michigan Cavalry, and at the close of the war was sent to the western frontier, where he remained until mustered out in December. He ranked as quartermaster sergeant. C. V. Selkirk removed to Kalkaska from Van Buren County in October, 1878, and opened the first drug store in the village, in the building now occupied by Goodrich & Son. For a time the firm was Selkirk & Hodges. Mr. Selkirk remained in this business about three years and was salesman in Mr. Palmer's store about three years. In the fall of 1882, in company with Mr. Ramsay, he bought out the grocery store of R. S. Abbott. The firm is now Selkirk, Ramsay & Morrell. In the spring of 1874 he was elected justice of the peace, and held the office until the spring of 1881, when he resigned. In the fall of 1880 he was elected clerk and register of the county, and re-elected in 1882. He has also held the office of town clerk one term. Mr. Selkirk is a native of the state of Illinois. In December, 1863, he enlisted in Company I, Seventh Illinois Cavalry, and was in the service until the close of the war. In 1866 he removed to Van Buren County, Mich., and in 1873 became one of the pioneer merchants of Kalkaska as heretofore mentioned. 0. C. Goodrich, of the firm of Goodrich & Sou, druggists, Kalkaska, is one of the pioneers of Michigan. He is a native of Jamestown, Chautauqua County, N. Y., and came to Michigan in 1880, before it was in full operation as a state. He located near Flint. He was a mechanic and worked at his trade for several years. During the war he was in the mechanics department, and for some time was stationed near Nashville, Tenn. For some time before coming to Kalkaska he was engaged in farming, and his son, L. C. Goodrich, was in the drug business in Flint. In February, 1870, they Came to Kalkaska, and bought the pioneer drug store of L. M. Mills, and have curried on the business since that time under the firm name of Goodrich & Son. This was the first drug store started in Kalkaska, the business being established by 0. V. Selkirk in 1878. Mr. Goodrich’s family consists of his wife and three children.

Alfred G. Drake, merchant, Kalkaska, is a native of London, England. In 1868 he came to this country and located at Mendon, St. Joseph County, Mich. He was engaged in the mercantile business in that county until the spring of 1880, when he removed to Kalkaska. That spring he built the store in which he now carries on business, and opened a large dry goods store. He has held the offices of town clerk and assessor. Has a wife and four children. C. E. Ramsay, Kalkaska, is a native of Oswego County, N. Y. In the spring of 1878 he came to Kalkaska from Decatur, Mich. In September, 1881, the went into the grocery business with C. V. Selkirk. They purchased the grocery' stock of It. S. Abbott, and carried on business under the firm name of Selkirk Ramsay until September, when M. A. Morrell purchased an interest, and the style of the firm was changed to Selkirk, Ramsay Morrell. Mr. Ramsay has been local agent of the express company for the past three years.

James Crawford, of the firm of Crawford & Clark, furniture dealers, Kalkaska, is a native of Canada, and came to Michigan in 1872. In the fall of 1871 he came to Kalkaska County from Oakland County, and located on land in what is now the town of Excelsior. He was engaged in farming most of the time until 1880, when he went into the furniture business in Kalkaska, which he still continues. He was one of the early settlers of Excelsior and was supervisor of the town three years.

A. D. Fessenden, one of the early settlers of the town of Wilson, is a native of Susquehanna County, Pa. In 1861 he enlisted in the army and remained in the service until the close of the war. After returning from the army he removed to Indiana. He was much broken in health, and Mrs. Fessenden, being a daughter of Norman Ross, who had located at what is now the town of Clearwater, they decided to remove to Michigan, which they did in the spring of 1869. In June of that year they located on their homestead on section of what is now the town of Wilson. Mr. Fessenden followed carpenter work most of the time, and his sons cleared the land. In the fall of 1888 he removed to the village of Kalkaska, and is now carrying on a wagon-shop. They have four sons and three daughters.

George E. Smith, president of the Smith Lumber Company, at Kalkaska, is a native of Ontario County, N. Y. In the summer of 1872 he came to Kalkaska County from Kalamazoo, Mich., and located on some laud in the town of Wilson. He curried on farming until 1882, when he removed to the village of Kalkaska, and engaged in the lumber business. In 1883 he assisted in organizing a stock company, which is incorporated under the name of the Smith Lumber Company, and of which he is president. He now devotes his time to a supervision of the saw-mill and lumbering operations of the company.

Orlando Christian is a native of Mason, Ingham County, Mich. In February, 1883, he came to Kalkaska from Detroit, where he had been engaged in the grocery business. He is engaged as salesman in the store of Alfred G. Drake. He is a prominent member of the M. E. Society and the lodge of Good Templars. Is married. L. J. Eckler, merchant at Kalkaska, is a native of Oakland County, Mich. In 1862 he enlisted in Company G, Sixth Michigan Cavalry, and was in service until the close of the war in 1865. In the spring of 1882 he went to Westwood from Ionia County, and engaged in the mercantile business. In March, 1884, he removed his store to the village of Kalkaska, where he is now carrying on a general mercantile business.

James Greacen, farmer, was born in Ireland, April 12, 1841. He came with his parents to Commerce, Oakland County, Mich., in 1847. From there they removed to Nankin, Wayne County, and remained eight years. From Nankin they went to Milford, Oakland County, where they still reside. On Aug. 14, 1862, Mr. James Greacen enlisted in Company I, of the Twenty-second Michigan Volunteer Infantry, in the service of his country. One of his fiercest conflicts with the rebels was in the memorable battle of Chickamauga. On the second day of the fight he received three wounds, the severest of which was from a bullet which would have passed through his body, but striking the brass eagle on his cartridge-box strap, immediately over his breast, it tore it to pieces and glanced, passing through his left shoulder. Thus his life was spared, but for a long time he lay on the ground stunned and bleeding, yet finally he rallied and resumed firing on the enemy. That evening he and a large number of others were taken prisoners. He was sent first to Richmond for two months, and thence to Danville, and from there about May 1, 1864, to Andersonville, being one of the first batch of prisoners ever sent into that horrid stockade. He was sent from there Oct. 1 to Florence, S. C. There he remained until patroled on Nov. 26. He readied the Union lines on the 1st of December, and was sent for a short time to Annapolis, Md. He was then sent home on furlough to regain his strength, after which he again joined his regiment at Chattanooga, Tenn., and remained in the service until honorably discharged at the close of the war. He then returned home, and on May 8, 1866, he was married to Miss Margaret Morrison, of Commerce. She was born there Sept. 8, 1848. Their children are Clara E., James S. and Zora Vern. In September, 1874, they removed to Kalkaska, and some two years were spent in mercantile business, and then they settled in Excelsior, where Mr. Greacen has in all 240 acres of land, with about sixty under cultivation. He has on the home farm a thriving orchard of 700 pear trees and various other fruits, and an elegant residence and good farm buildings. In Milford and Kalkaska Mr. Greacen was highway commissioner and justice of the peace, and in Excelsior he has been township clerk four years, and since 1888 has been supervisor. He is also a notary public. He has been county superintendent of the poor five years, resigning before the close of his term. He is county agent for the State Board of Correction and Charities. Has served nearly seven years. He is also county statistical correspondent for the agricultural department at Washington. Fraternally he is an Odd Fellow.

William H. Eckler, farmer, was born in Oakland County, Mich, Oct. 7, 1844. He spent his youth and early manhood in his native county, chiefly in study and agricultural pursuits. On Aug. 6, 1861, he enlisted in Company E Seventeenth Michigan Volunteer Infantry, and served his country over two years i the suppression of the rebellion. He was honorably discharged in the fall of 1868. On March 20, 1865, he was married to Miss Almeda Stowell, also of Oakland County. Mrs. E. was born there Feb. 28, 1847, and was afterward married in the same room in which she was born. Their children are Ira H., Frank A., Homer C., and Luella Maud. In 1876 they removed from Oakland to Barry County, and three years later they came to Excelsior, where they still reside. He has sixty acres of land, with about twenty under cultivation, a pleasant dwelling and other farm buildings, and also a thriving orchard of apples and various other fruits. He has been school inspector and school director, and is justice of the peace, and postmaster of Excelsior P. 0. They have a tri-weekly mail from Kalkaska. He has also served two years as county coroner.

John S. Baker, farmer, was born in England, March 16, 1885. He came from his native country to Saratoga County, New York. in 1852, and was employed there in farming until 1864, when he removed to Plymouth. Wayne County, Mich. His marriage was on Nov. 27, 1866, to Miss Mary Jane Updyke, of Galway. She was born in Milton, March 16, 1888. They have one living son, Samuel. In Wayne County, Mr. Baker was twelve years in the employ of Mr. Calvin Whipple. In April, 1876, he purchased land and settled in Excelsior, Kalkaska County. They have 120 acres of excellent land, about twenty-live of which are under cultivation. They have a thriving young orchard of apples, pears, peaches, plums and quinces, and a choice variety of small fruits, good farm buildings, and a truly pleasant home. He has served four years as treasurer of Excelsior. Fraternally he and Mrs. Baker are active laborers in the I. 0. 0. F.

Col. John W. Morley, teacher, Rapid River, was born in Bradford County, Penn., June 1, 1845. He spent his early youth, received his common school instructions and engaged in academic studies in his native state; but on Sept. 10, 1862, he left his studies and enlisted in Company D, Seventeenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, in the service of his country. He first fought the rebels near Dumfries’ Court House, then at Spotted Tavern, Kelly’s Ford, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. Here he was severely wounded in the right thigh while acting as orderly for Gen. T. 0. Ayers. He was under hospital treatment some three mouths, and then joined his regiment again. After this he took part in the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg and Southside; and in a conflict with Longstreet’s corps, where his brigade captured two pieces of rebel artillery and drove the rebel infantry before them. He also fought at Front Royal, where Devins’ and Custer's brigades took four stand of rebel colors, and prisoners equal to their own number. He was in the battle of Winchester, and at Cedar Creek, having ridden with Sheridan in his famous ride from Winchester. In March, 1865, he took part in the memorable battle at Waynesboro, where they captured the fort, four pieces of artillery and 1,500 prisoners. Beside these fierce general engagements Mr. Morley took part in all the scouting and skirmishing duties of his regiment. He was honorably discharged June 19, 1865. He returned home and resumed his academic studies in the Camptown Academy. Next he entered Eastman’s College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y., where he graduated in April, 1866. After this he spent two years as book-keeper, and twelve years as teacher, in Sussex County, Del. In that state he took a prominent part in Republican politics, and was a stump speaker in two counties. He was threatened on some occasions that if he spoke out his sentiments freely to the people ho would never return home alive, but, undaunted by the voice of bulldozers, be pushed onward in the campaign, raised four companies of the boys in blue, and was commissioned as colonel of the Third Delaware Boys in Blue, by Gen.

James A. Garfield, our late martyr President. In the spring of 1880 he came and purchased lands in Rapid River, Kalkaska County, Mich., and opened a pleasant home in the fertile valley forest Here also ho takes an active part in politics, but his chief employment is teaching. He is now, in 1884, principal of the South Boardman school. He has been president of the county board of examiners two years. He has been school inspector and justice of the peace in Rapid River. His marriage was on Sept. 19, 1860, to Miss Rosa Belle Follett of Delaware. She was born in Warren County, Penn., Jan. 18, 1886. They have two sons and four daughters.

Martin H. Manning, farmer, Rapid River, was born in Catskill, Greene County, N. Y., June 18, 1827. He left his native state for Willimantic, Conn., at ten years of age, and went thence to Bradford County, Penn., in 1889. From that time his home was in that vicinity until his removal to Michigan. On April 21,1859, he was married to Miss Eliza Scarvell, of Bath, Steuben County. N. Y. She was born there March 17, 1841. Their children are Frances A., S. Romanda, and Hattie M. On Feb. 19, 1864, Mr. Manning enlisted in Company D, Fourth New York Heavy Artillery in the service of his country. His regiment left Washington 2,600 strong, and came out from the Battle of the Wilderness with only 700 men. At Culpepper Courthouse Mr. M. received a wound in his left eye, which greatly affected his sight and strength. He was discharged by order of the war department, May 19, 1865. In the spring of 1878 Mr. Manning located land in section 20 of Rapid River, Kalkaska County, Mich., and forthwith prepared for himself and family a home in the Traverse forest. He then had to carry their suppliers from Traverse City and Elk Rapids. He has eighty acres of land, with about forty-eight under cultivation. He has also a thriving fruit-tearing orchard of apples, pears, cherries and small fruits, and a pleasant home. He is moderator of their school board and fakes true pleasure in educational progress. Fraternally he belongs to the I. 0. 0. F. and the G. A. R.

Henry M. Crane, farmer, Rapid River, was born of Puritan ancestry, in Bridgeport, Vt., June 23, 1835. He left his native state for Henry County, IL., in 1855, and in 1858 he removed to Ashtabula County, Ohio, and remained until 1863. He then went to Waseca County, Minn., and lived there until 1869. From there he removed to Winnesheik County, Iowa. In 1872 he came to Rapid River, Kalkaska County, Mich. He located land in Section 24, and opened a pioneer home in the lofty forest. There were then only about thirty voters in the township. He has eighty acres of land with eighteen under cultivation. He has taught school six years in Traverse Region. His marriage was on April 13, 1880, to Miss Hannah M. Smith, of Bradford County, Pa. She was born there May 29, 1845. Mrs. Crane also has spent about nineteen years as a teacher. Mr. Crane has served three years as assistant postmaster at Kalkaska. He has served as justice of the peace and as township clerk, and is now serving in his second term as treasurer in Rapid River Township. He is a member of the I. 0. 0. F.

Albert Mann, farmer, Kalkaska, was born in Vermont, Feb. 14, 1880. He came with his parents to Rome, Mich., in his childhood. His youth and early manhood were spent in study and in agricultural pursuits. On Sept. 27, 1858, he was married to Miss Mary J. Ferguson, of Fairfield, Lenawee County, Mich. She was born there Sept. 30, 1888. They have one daughter, Ida A., and one son, Elmer Ellsworth. In August, 1862, Mr. Mann enlisted in Company C, Eighteenth Michigan Infantry, in the service of his country. He was head cook for his company for eleven months, but took active part in the battles of Danville and Georgetown, Ky., and in those of Curtis, Wells and Pond Springs, Ala. In the latter part of his service he was mounted orderly, first for Col. Wormer, and later for Gen. Cutler. He was honorably discharged in June, 1865. He returned home and continued his farming enterprise until 1880, when they removed to Section 86, in Kalkaska, where he has 160 acres of excellent land with- about 80 under cultivation. He has also a thriving young orchard of select varieties of fruit, end a desirable home. He is assessor in his school district and superintendent in the Union Sabbath school, and takes a lively interest in religious and literary education. Religiously he and Mrs. Manning are Episcopal Methodists.

Robert J. Nelson, farmer, Springfield, was born in Utica, N. Y., and spent his early youth in Canada. In the spring of 1865 he came to the Saginaw country, Michigan, and remained there until 1877, when he removed to Springfield, Kalkaska County, purchased eighty acres of land with some five acres under cultivation, and settled where he now resides. In the fall of 1877 he was married to Miss Mary Adeline Haskin, also of Springfield. Their children are Samuel E. and Pearly. Mr. Nelson now has fifty-four acres of his land under cultivation. He has five acres of thriving orchard of various kinds of fruit, and pleasant home surroundings. He has served nearly three years as school director in his district.

John U. Spiess, wagon maker and farmer, Cold Springs, was born in Switzerland, July 28, 1821. He came to New York in 1818, and went thence to Maumee City, Ohio. Shortly after he went to Perrysburg, Wood County, Ohio, and settled on a farm. Since then he has wrought at his trade part of the time, but has been chiefly engaged in farming. On April 25, 1848, he was married to Miss Margaret Eggly, also of Switzerland. She died in Maumee in the following fall. His second marriage was on Oct. 28, 1860, to Miss Rosannah Ish, also of Switzerland. They have five sons and three daughters. In the spring of 1882, Mr. Spiess came north and purchased eighty acres of land in Cold Springs, Kalkaska County, Mich., where he is now, in 1884, residing for the improvement of his health, with the expectation of opening up a fine farm and having his family with him in the healthful and invigorating climate of the Traverse Region. On April 11, 1864, Mr. Spiess enlisted as a mechanic and served in the army as such nine mouths. On Feb. 9, 1865, he enlisted in the One Hundred and Eighty-ninth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and served until the close of the war. In the service he lost his health and in part his hearing, and now receives a pension for his relief and benefit.

Samuel B. Phelps, farmer, was born in Conquest, Cayuga County, N. Y., June 4, 1837. He left his native state at about eighteen years of age, and came to Wheatfield, Ingham County, Mich. Four years later he went to Coldwater. His marriage was on March 6, 1859, to Miss Maria F. Leversee, also of Coldwater. Their children are Cassius M., Mortimer T., Edith M., Eugene N., Bertie S. and Mabel Edna. In 1864 they removed to South Haven and remained until 1882, when they removed to Cold Springs, Kalkaska County, where they have 160 acres of land with twenty acres already under cultivation a thriving young orchard, and a truly desirable home. Mr. Phelps served his country about a year in crushing the late rebellion, but was discharged for disability arising from sickness. In other places he has served as highway commissioner and as township clerk and in various other offices, and is now, 1881, supervisor of Cold Springs. Fraternally he is an Odd Fellow and a Royal Arch Mason, and glories in faith, hope and charity, brotherly love, relief and truth. The farm he is now engaged in clearing is the fourth one cleared by him in Michigan.

George Knight, farmer, Clearwater, was born in Canada, June 2, 1845. He went from his native country to Rock County, Wis., in 1857. He remained there until after the outbreak of the rebellion. On Aug. 17, 1868, he enlisted in Company F, Third Wisconsin Cavalry, and served the Union until honorably discharged, Oct. 8, 1865. He then came to Wayne County, Mich., and engaged in farming. On Sept. 1, 1874, he was married to Miss Nora Ada Wesemann, also of Wayne County. In the fall of 1875 they removed to Excelsior, Kalkaska County, and shortly after to Kalkaska village. From there they returned to Wayne County, and two years later came to Section 84, in Clearwater, Kalkaska County, where they still reside. He has forty acres of land which he is changing from its native wildness to an inviting home. He has between twenty and thirty acres of improvement, a thriving young orchard of apples, plums, peaches, "pears, cherries, grapes and other small fruits, and enticing home surroundings. Mr. Knight has served as school director six years, and six years as justice of the peace in Clearwater.
The Traverse Region - H.R. Page & Co 1884


South Boardman, MI (Traverse Street from East) (1911) - Contributed by Paul Petosky