Mackinac County Michigan Memories




Fort Holmes early 1900's contributed by Paul Petosky

Fort Holmes -- U.S. National Historic Landmark District
Contributing Property - Michigan State Historic Site
Location: Mackinac Island, MI - Part of: Mackinac Island (#66000397[1])
Designated NHLDCP: Oct.15, 1966 - Designated MSHS: Sep. 25, 1956[2]

Location of Fort Holmes on the islandFort Holmes was a fortified redoubt located on the highest point of Mackinac Island. Originally built in 1812 by British forces during the War of 1812, the redoubt was improved by that army throughout the course of the war (1812–1814) to help defend the adjacent Fort Mackinac from a possible attack by the U.S. Army.

The British named the redoubt Fort George and reinforced it with cannon, a blockhouse, and a magazine for gunpowder and other munitions. However, Fort Holmes never functioned as an independent military fortification. It was always a dependent outpost of nearby Fort Mackinac.

When United States armed forces reoccupied Mackinac Island in 1815 under the terms of the Treaty of Ghent, they took possession of Fort George. They surveyed and measured their prize, which they renamed Fort Holmes, in honor of Major Andrew Holmes, a casualty in the 1814 Battle of Mackinac Island. However, the American army soon abandoned Fort Holmes. The earthworks and buildings of the former redoubt slowly eroded and disappeared over the course of more than a century.

In the 1930s, as part of efforts to fight the nationwide Great Depression, a corps of CCC workers were assigned to Mackinac Island. Using the original 1810s American survey and plans, they rebuilt Fort Holmes to its War of 1812 appearance.

As of 2010[update] most of the reconstructed buildings of Fort Holmes have again disappeared, except for the timbered gateway to the interior of the redoubt. The redoubt's earthen walls also survive. Many visitors come to the fort site for a view of the Straits of Mackinac, much of which is visible from this lookout point approximately 310 feet (94 m) above the surface of Lake Huron.
-- Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Highest point on the island 325 feet above the Straits and 168 feet above Fort Mackinac. Built by the British after the capture of Fort Mackinac, July 17, 1812. British named it Fort George, after the reigning English King George III, renamed by the Americans Fort Holmes, after Major Andrew Hunter Holmes, who was killed in the battle of Mackinac Island, August 4, 1814, in an attempt to take the fort from the British. The block house, central feature of the fort was destroyed by the Americans after the war, but was later restored and was destroyed by fire in 1933. Restored to its original form by the Mackinac Island State Park commission, 1936.
Photo and description from "CardCow.com".


The Town from the Fort - Mackinac Island Michigan - contributed by Paul Petosky

Gallery Mackinac County
Gallery 1 Mackinac Island
Gallery 2 Mackinac Island
Gallery 3 Mackinac County
Gallery 4 St. Ignace
Gallery 5 St. Ignace
Gallery 6 Ft. Holmes
Gallery 7 St. Ignace
Gallery 8 Curtis
Gallery 8 Curtis 2nd page
Gallery 8 Curtis Hotels
Gallery 9 St. Ignace
Gallery 10 Garnet
Gallery 11 Ships
Gallery 12 Gould City
Gallery 13 St. Ignace