City of Monroe

Monroe County

Monroe, MI (Kentucky Monument) (1910)- Contributed - Contributed by Paul Petosky

This memorial is part of the River Raisin Battlefield Memorial Complex on Elm Street in Monroe. The River Raisin Battle occurred during the War of 1812 and resulted in the deaths of Kentucky soldiers who were helping to defend the area. The monument was constructed in 1904. The granite monument features the state seals of both Michigan and Kentucky and pays tribute to those soldiers' sacrifice.

Travel Trips from USA Today

The Battle of Frenchtown, also known as the Battle of the River Raisin or the River Raisin Massacre, was a series of conflicts that took place from January 18–23, 1813 during the War of 1812. It was fought between the United States and a British and Native American alliance near the River Raisin in Frenchtown, Michigan Territory (present-day Monroe, Michigan).
On January 18, 1813 the Americans forced the retreat of the British and Native Americans in a minor skirmish, as part of a larger plan to advance north and retake the city of Detroit following the loss of the city in the Siege of Detroit in the previous summer. Despite the initial American success, the British and Native Americans launched a surprise counterattack four days later on January 22. Three hundred and ninety-seven Americans were killed in this second conflict, while hundreds were taken prisoner and dozens more of these were killed in a subsequent massacre by celebratory Native Americans the following day. It was the deadliest conflict ever on Michigan soil, and the casualties included the highest number of Americans killed in a single battle during the War of 1812.
Parts of the original battlefield have recently been designated as the River Raisin National Battlefield Park, which is still awaiting inclusion as a national battlefield park on the National Park Service.

The Battle of Frenchtown is so named because it took place within Frenchtown, in the Michigan Territory, although much of the land on which it took place is now incorporated within the city of Monroe. The name is sometimes used to refer solely to the conflict that took place on January 22, 1813, while the conflict that took place on January 18 is sometimes referred to as the First Battle of the River Raisin or as merely a prelude to the larger conflict on January 22. The plural term Battles of Frenchtown is also used to refer to the overall conflict between January 18–22. While the battle began on January 18, the heaviest of fighting started on January 22 and may have continued for several days.
The encounter is often called the Battle of the River Raisin, because of its proximity to the River Raisin. This name was once common but has somewhat fallen into disuse.[citation needed] The engagement may be divided into the First Battle of the River Raisin (January 18) and the Second Battle of the River Raisin (January 22). The name River Raisin Massacre is used for January 23, one day after the official surrender, when pro-British Native Americans murdered dozens of wounded Kentucky volunteers who were too injured to march as prisoners. The entire affair, including the massacre, is most widely known simply as the Battle of Frenchtown.

On August 17, 1812, Brigadier General William Hull, commanding the American Army of the Northwest, surrendered his troops and Fort Detroit to the British following the Siege of Detroit. The British success convinced many Native Americans to side with them. General Hull was later tried by a military court and sentenced to death for his disgraceful conduct at Detroit. However, President James Madison commuted the sentence to dismissal from the army in recognition of Hull’s honorable service during American Revolution.
At the time, Fort Erie was an important outpost that could allow the Americans to invade British Upper Canada. Its capture instead allowed British forces to increase their numbers in the Michigan Territory. After the British seized Detroit, the militia surrounding Frenchtown also surrendered and were disarmed. Being only 25 miles (40 km) south of Fort Detroit, the native residents of Frenchtown feared threats from the British and Native Americans, who were now settled in the area. The residents of Frenchtown urged their army to regroup to push the opposing forces back into Upper Canada.
After Hull's dismissal, Brigadier General James Winchester was given command of the Army of the Northwest. However, rather than pushing north to attempt to retake Detroit, Winchester had a lesser agenda, and his unpopularity led to the command of the army being given to Major General William Henry Harrison. Winchester was bumped to second-in-command. Harrison's first plan of action upon receiving command was to move the army north to retake Detroit. To achieve this, he split the army and personally led one column, while the second column was under the command of Winchester. Meanwhile, Brigadier General Henry Procter, commanding the division of the British Army around Detroit, assembled all the British troops in the area, along around with around 500 allied Native Americans under the command of Shawnee leader Tecumseh. While Tecumseh had a presence in Frenchtown, he would not participate in any fighting around Frenchtown.

From Wikipedia