State Flower - Apple Blossom


Montmorency Co
Atlanta Michigan
State Bird - Robin

Michigan Trails

Montmorency County lies east of Otsego County. The large morainic belt of northeastern Otsego runs southeastward across it, covering much of the central and southwestern parts. The southwest corner is on an elevated gravel plain. The northern and eastern parts of the county are largely sandy plains, in which there are small lakes and swampy areas, some being of considerable extent. These plains extend south west ward into the high moraine in recesses comparable to the finger-lake tracts of the Lake Michigan slope in Antrim and Charlevoix counties, but have only a small part covered with lakes. The prominences between them are morainic and not shaped into drumlin form, as they are in Antrim and Charlevoix counties. The entire drainage is tributary to Lake Huron, but drains in various directions. The northwestern part of the county is drained northward by Black river to the Cheboygan; the southwestern comer southward to the Au Sable, and the remainder and greater part eastward by various tributaries of Thunder Bay River to the lake at Alpena. Each stream is bordered by broad sandy tracts along much of its course. Most of the streams originate in springs, and there is a large amount of seepage into them from the bordering plains. A spring a few miles northeast of Atlanta is reported to discharge a large amount of inflammable gas, hut it was not visited by the writer.

There are few settlers except in or near Vienna and Lewiston in the southwestern part, Atlanta (the county seat) in the central part, and Hillman in the eastern part of the county; the entire population in 1900 was only 3,234. The main farming settlements are within a few miles north and south of Hillman, where the soil carries a considerable amount of clay both on the moraines and plains. There are also a number of good farms in the southwestern fourth of the county, chiefly on the elevated moraine and the gravel plain outside of it. In this county, as in Otsego, wells generally need to penetrate to about the level of the base of the morainic. ridges to find adequate supplies. At Lewiston, which is built on the borders of Twin Lakes, the wells arc shallow, although the altitude is high. At Vienna, and east from there in the moraine, the wells usually reach depths of 100 feet or more. Atlanta is in a plain near Thunder Bay River and has shallow wells, and Hillman (also on this plain) has wells of moderate depth. The neighboring farming districts, also being largely on ground but little above the river, have shallow wells. Lewiston has waterworks used chiefly for fire protection and supplied from Twin Lakes. Hillman has a plant for fire protection supplied from Thunder Bay River. Atlanta is planning for a plant for fire protection supplied by Thunder Bay River.

The principal data on wells in and near the villages are included the following table:

Source: Flowing Wells and Municipal Water Supplies by Frank Leverett and other 1906