Pentwater Michigan

Oceana County



Pentwater, MI (Birds Eye View) (1921) - Contributed by Paul Petosky

The village of Pentwater is pleasantly and picturesquely situated on the north side of Pentwater Lake, at the lower end, where it empties by a channel of about half a mile into Lake Michigan. The village lies on a sandy soil, which is easily drained and wonderfully productive. One good feature of the village is the plentiful supply of luxuriant maple shade trees. The population, which is increasing, is now estimated to be about 1,500, and with the progress of manufactures, it will reach 2,(KM) at no distant date. The buildings are chiefly of wood, which is the natural consequence of the village being founded on the lumber interest, but this Spring F. 0. Gardner is developing an inexhaustible bed of clay, of excellent quality, on the bank of the lake, and will soon have brick for exportation, besides supplying the local demand. Two new brick blocks are in course of erection on the main street, mill from henceforth brick buildings will be more and more erected. In hotels the village is now fairly served, but as its qualities as a Summer resort become better known, a large tourists' or Summer hotel, with the necessary adjuncts, will become a necessity, and as the present hotels and private houses are already filled with Summer visitors, a hotel of the character we have indicated is being talked of as a joint stock operation. The fishing and bathing arc excellent, and the scenery in the vicinity is pleasing and picturesque.

ORGANIZATION.

The village of Pentwater was incorporated March 16, 1867, and the first election was held April 8, following, C. W. Deane, W. H. Shibley, and J. M. Lacey being the first inspectors of election, and there being 181 voters present. The first officers were: President, C. W. Deane; recorder H. Doville; treasurer, J. H. Highland; assessor, 0. P. Cook; trustees, D. C. Pelton, I. N. Lewis, W. H. Merritt for two years, and A. Bryant, J. Bean, Jr., and J. J. Kittredge for one year; marshal, W. Webb; attorney, L. D. Grove; street commissioner, E. S. Faxon.

The following is the list of presidents, recorders and treasurers to the present time:

Presidents: C. W. Deane, 1807; L. D. Grove, 168-69; H. C. Flagg, 1870; J. M. Rich, 1871; J. G. Gray, 1872-73; W. B. 0. Sands, 1878; E. D. Richmond, 1874; J. H. Herrington, 1875; W. E. Ambler, 1877-78; A. J. Underhill, 1878; S. A. Browne, 1879; E. Nickerson, l880-81-82. Recorder: H. Doville, 1867; E. B. Flagg, 1868-69-72-3-8; E. E. Edwards, 1870-71; L. M. Hartwick, 1874; E. A. Wright, 1875-76-7; S. Graham, part of 1879; H. A. Cross, part of 1879-80-1-2.

Treasurer; J. H. Highland, 1867; J. G. Gray, 1868-69; E. D. Richmond, 1870-71; W. B. 0. Sands, 1872; R. M. Falkner, 1878: M. A. Rice, 1874-75-6-7-8; H. H. Bunyea, 1879; W. H. Browne, 1880-81; C. H. Whittington, 1882.

In 1875, in consequence of failure to his certificate of election in time, the village board elected in 1877 had to appoint officers for the ensuing year.

In 1879, there was a strong run made by the Greenbackers, who elected the larger part of their ticket, but the village has, as a rule, been decidedly Republican. The financial condition of the village is excellent, it being free from debt, and at the close of this year it will have a surplus of about $1,200, with which it is intended to make local improvements. In 1880, it paid off §1,000 of debt, in 1881 another $1,000, and this year §500, all on the debt for a steam fire-engine.

History of Manistee, Mason and Oceana counties, Michigan 1882

HEALTHFULNESS.

Pentwater is a remarkably healthy place, and is becoming yearly more of a resort for invalids and tourists. The present hotels are crowded in the Summers, and private houses are pressed into the service to take Summer boarders. A movement is now on foot to erect a large Summer hotel by a joint stock company. To show the healthfulness of Pentwater, we may mention, that during the year ending April 1, 1882, there were but twenty deaths, of which eleven were of children under two years of age, and of the remainder five were brought here to die, being given up by home physicians, and but two of the remaining deaths could properly he charged to Pentwater. There is no chance for malaria, as all low places drain into the lake.

THE FIRE DEPARTMENT

Was first, organized March 1, 1872, by village ordinance, and on the 7th the following were elected first officers: R. L. Hardy, foreman, with W. A. Rounds, and C. Whittington, as assistants; A. Dresser, as secretary, and A. T. Underhill, treasurer. On June 7, 1882, the old organization was disbanded, and a new one formed, with C. R. Whittington, chief engineer; C. W. Cramer, assistant; J. C. Jensen, foreman of fire department, with W. H. Tuller, assistant; F. Maynard, foreman of Hose Company; F. Pierce, assistant; H. A. Cross, secretary, and F. W. Fincher, treasurer; E. G. Falkner and S. W. Bunyea are fire police, and F. Nielsen and E. W. Hodges are fire wardens. The steam fire engine Oceana, manufactured by Clapp A. Jones, is an excellent one, and has been in use about eight years. Over 1,000 feet of good hose can be used, if needed, and the company is a very efficient one. They are twenty-two in number, and are paid for time spent in extinguishing fire. No groat conflagrations have swept over the place, and the fire department has a good record for conquering fires.

HARBOR.

The harbor of Pentwater has been made an excellent one, and a navy could ride at anchor within the ample depths of the inner lake. At first the outlet was but a small, shallow stream, over which the first settlers could wade without difficulty, as the water was but a few inches in depth. Indeed, the Indian tradition is that, not long ago, there was no outlet to the lake. The mouth was to the north of the present by a few hundred yards, and the old channel may yet be seen. C. Mears and Rector & Cobb, in 1850, made efforts to clear out a channel, especially the former, who was the first to put in little slab piers on the north side, and erected on poles a beacon light. Vessels were loaded and unloaded by lighters, or small scows, and the trouble and expense was great. The United States government has been induced from time to time to make somewhat liberal appropriations for the harbor improvement, in all amounting to about a quarter of a million dollars, and last session of Congress the large sum of $10,000 more was voted, which will be expended in dredging, which is much needed. The harbor has now substantial stone piers on both sides, about three-fourths of a mile long, and the channel is 150 feet wide, and eleven feet deep. A lighthouse was set on the end of the south pier, in 1878, F. McGuire the first keeper, and his wife still holds the place. The light is a steady red light. Money has also been appropriated for a life-saving station. The harbor at inner end is crossed by a ferry, the railway coming in on the peninsula opposite. H. C. Flagg has for years managed the ferry. Off the piers and in the lake near is a good fishing place, white fish and trout, mullet, and sometimes sturgeon and wall-eyed pike being taken. Frank & Tamler were the first to make fishing a regular business. The harbor inspectors have been, first, F. W. Ratzel, 1865-66; Col. Strohman until 1878, and then D. C. Wickham.

POST OFFICE

The postoffice was opened in 1858, with E. R. Cobb as first postmaster; in 1857 H. C. Flagg, as a Democrat, took the office, with E. D. Richmond as deputy, and moved the office over to the Middlesex side. This was in the Spring when Buchanan became president. When Lincoln took office, in 1861, Mr. Richmond was promoted to be postmaster, but when Andy Johnson was "swinging round the circle," Mr. Richmond was rather disgusted, and getting at this time a request to contribute $50 as the assessment on his office, he showed the document to some returned soldiers, and they contributed a wad of confederate money, which was duly forwarded to Washington, but so little was this appreciated that he received, by return of mail, a notice that a successor had been appointed. This was A. J. Underhill, who held until 1867, when Amos Dresser got it. After him came Dr. Dundess, then Richmond again, in 1873; Dresser in 1879, then H. H. Bunyea, and lastly C. F. Lewis, in 1881; and the office is in the former drug store of J. G. Gray.

BUSINESS.

The mercantile business is transacted in three large general stores, three exclusively grocery stores, two furniture stores, two hardware stores, two drug stores, three blacksmith shops, a wagon shop, a broomhandle factory, and a large wholesale furniture factory is being erected. In lumber there are four shinglemills and three sawmills, two of which have shinglemills attached. The annual product with the mills up the river and not far from 20,000,000 feet of lumber, and the same number of shingles. George Vorhees, superintendent of sorting drives, reports in 1881, 45,500 logs, 80,812 posts, 89,698 ties, and 27,440 telegraph poles. The shipment of wood by Hands & Maxwell, which is annually from 1,000 to 2,000 cords, and the bark, also form important items in the trade of Pentwater.

The Pentwater Lumber Company is owned and operated by W. B. Phillips, of Chicago, and Samuel A. Browne, of Pentwater, the company being organized in 1874, the same parties having operated together as partners since 1809. The capital stock is $375,000, and the company engages in the manufacture of lumber, shingles and in gene ml trading, having flouring mills in Pentwater and Brownedale. They recently sold Butters, Peters A Co. 8,800 acres of pine lands for $204,000, and still own about 12,000 acres in Mason and Oceana Counties.

Their saw and shinglemill at Pentwater has a daily cutting capacity of 100,000 feet of lumber, 100,000 shingles, and 20,000 pieces of lath in twenty-four hours. The mill in Brownedale has a capacity of 75,000 feet of lumber, and 60,000 shingles in twenty- four hours.

Their general store on Hancock Street is twenty four by eighty feet, with a grocery store adjoining twenty-four by fifty feet, and does a business of $125,000 annually.

Sands & Maxwell's shinglemill is run by a twenty-horse-power engine; was built originally for a stavemill in 1877, and changed to a shinglemill in 1879. It has a capacity of 10,000 shingles from bolts daily. This firm also own two sawmills and shinglemills combined, one at Crystal Valley, built 1875, capacity 16,000 feet, H. Hyde, foreman; and the other in Benona, built in 1875, 80,000 feet of logs daily, John Rose, foreman.

Sands A Maxwell's general store, located on the corner of Hancock and Fourth Streets, is twenty-six by ninety feet, carries a general assortment of goods, and does a business of $100,000 annually. They have also branch stores at Benona and Crystal Valley. A. W. Newark, bookkeeper at Pentwater, assisted by J. W. Loomis. A fine new brick store is living erected next door south of the present store, which will be thrown into connection with the old store, making both together seventy-two by ninety feet.

Nickerson and Collisters, sawmill was commenced by Bailey, Worden A Williams, in 1872; sold to Sands A. Gardner, in 1877, and the following year Gardner purchased Sand's interest, and sold the whole to Nickerson & Collister in 1879. The machinery is propelled by a thirty-horse-power engine, and consists of a circular gang edger, with a capacity of 25,000 feet daily, 3,000,000 feet annually. This firm also own a sawmill and shinglemill combined in "Beanville," Crystal Township, with a daily capacity of 10,000 feet of lumber, and 40,000 shingles. Llewellan Pollard foreman at Pentwater; W. X. Sayles at Beanville.

The gristmill of this firm at Pentwater was established in 1875; has a fifty-horse-power engine, three sets of four feet buhrs, and one small buhr for middlings. The mill does merchant and custom work, with a capacity of 100 barrels daily. Size, fifty-two by sixty- four feet, four stories. Conrad Masters, headmiller; James Steele, engineer.

J.E. White's shingle mill was built in 1865, by Messrs. E. H. Richmond, Woodruff Chapin and A. J. Underhill. In 1870 Scala Moulton and H. C. Flagg night the mill, and in 1874 A. J. Underhill became the owner, selling out to F. 0. Gardner, in January, 1878. In 1880 Hon. J. E. White purchased the mill, which he still operates. The mill had originally two machines, with a capacity of 70,000 shingles daily. At present, with one machine, it turns out 10,000 a day.

F. 0. Gardner's saw and shingle mill was established by himself, in 1881; daily capacity 40,000 shingles, and 15,000 feet of lumber. Engine 32 horse power.

La Bonta A Co.'s planing mill was built in 1865, by E. Nickerson, who sold in 1868 to his partners, and they in 1880 to Peter La Bonta, who the same year took in a partner,—T. Mere. The mill makes sash, doors, blinds, mouldings, etc.

Bush A Chapman's shingle mill was originally built for a foundry and machine shop, by George Goodsell. In 1877 C. H. Chapman purchased it and ran it as a stave mill for a year, then made it a shingle mill for one year, and has operated it since as a saw and shingle mill, taking in as partner John J. Bush, of Lansing. Size of engine, 40 horse power; capacity in eleven hours, 500 ties and 10,000 shingles; doing about $40,000 worth of business annually, employing about thirty-five men.

G. W. Imus' book and stationery business, was established in April, 1879, on Hancock Street; the business amounts to $6,000 annually.

E. Rich's general store, Hancock Street, was established in 1866, and does a good business.

H. H. Bunyea's grocery, Hancock Street, was established in 1880; business, $5,000 a year.

N. L. Bouton's general merchandise and lumber business, established since 1872, does $20,000 a year business.

Bum & Davis' grocery was commenced in 1870, by J. S. Bird. They do a business of over §25,000 annually.

F. W. Fischer's drug store was started in 1808, by James G. Gray; sold in 1875 to Page & Jesson, then to Mr. Hastings, and in 1870 Fincher & Newark became proprietors. On September, 1880, Mr. Fincher bought out the interest of his partner, and still conducts the business, doing about $7,000 annually.

E. A. Wright's drug store was started in 1808, by E. N. Dundess, who sold it to Dr. D. G. Weare, and he, in 1878, to J. Brown & Co.; they to C. W. Brown & Co. In 1877 E. A. Wright purchased the business; in 1881 he sold it to J. D. Lane, but repurchased it in 1882.

C. R. Whittington's furniture store was first established in 1871, by Mr. Whittington and E. 0. Chalmers, but since 1873 Mr. Whittington has been sole owner. The store is on Hancock, between Fifth and Sixth Streets, and is filled with a general assortment of furniture and undertaker's goods.

F. 0. Gardner's hardware business was purchased in 1878, from White & Carr. The business done is large -about $10,000 a year,—and the store a commodious one, 82x88 feet.

A. J. Underhll grocery store was started in 1868, with Mr. Gray and other partners, but since 1878 Mr. Underhill has had entire control. Formerly, he carried dry goods, also, and did a very large trade; now he is confined to groceries alone, doing about $6,000 worth annually.

M. A. Rice's jewelry store was established in 1805, by J. H. Root, who, in the Spring of 1877, moved his stock to Ludington, and was succeeded by Mr. Rice, who carrys on, also, the business of telegraph operator, and since 1878 has attended to the War Department signal service for the benefit of mariners.

W. A. Rounds express, dray and feed stables were established in 1867. Mr. Rounds keeps five horses on Hancock Street. John Melton's cabinet ware rooms, on Hancock Street, were established in 1881, and contain a general assortment of cabinet furniture; repairing attended to.

A. J. Underhill's meat market was commenced in 1878, in connection with other business.

The Temperance Billiard Hall was opened in 1879, by Forrest Moody; sold June 1, 1880, to Peter Breves, who still runs it, keeping a full stock of cigars, tobaccos and confectioner); soda fountain on the premises.

M. S. Perkins' livery, corner Hancock and Fifth Streets, was opened in 1875, and contains, on an average, thirteen horses. Stages to Mears and Ludington, (in Winter) and omnibus to railway station.

F. O. Gardner's brick yard was established in 1882, and has all modern improvements. High hopes arc entertained of its success.

Faulkner's Opera Hall, on Fourth Street, is 30x100 feet, and has a seating capacity of 400 persons.

Pentwater Tug Line was established in 1878, by Fred Nielsen and Max Fisher, (Fisher & Co.) and consists of two tugs, valued at $10,000 to §12,000.

The Elliott House, on Hancock Street, was built in 1868, by James Brooker, who sold it to E. R. Burrington, and be to A. A. Bryant, who, in 1871, sold to E. W. Elliott. The latter raised the building to three stories, and refitted the house, running it until 1878, when he sold to A. Brillhart, who afterward sold to J. W. Imus, who still owns the property. The hotel is now run by E. W. Elliott. Size of house, 50x80, three stories, with fifty rooms and forty-two beds.

The Pacific House was built in 1868, by William Kuhn,and is 100x22 feet, containing sixteen rooms. It has also an addition for a saloon, 100x20 feet.

OCEANA COUNTY RANK.

This bank was established by Gray Brothers A Co., in 1870, the company consisting of Gray Brothers, and Messrs. Rice and Ambler. In the Spring of 1872, S. A. Browne & Co. were added to the company, J. G. Gray retired, and the institution received the name of Oceana County Bank, which it retained until 1877, when Nielsen A Co. (F. Nielsen and W. E. Ambler) assumed the entire control, and still operate it. Capital stock, §15,000, and outside capital, $30,000. The bank, in 1878, sustained losses by the Franklin Bank, of Chicago, and Henry Clews A Co., New York, which, though crippling, did not cause it to close its doors, and it paid all demands. The present firm have raised the institution from a low ebb to a very enviable state. The building is a very fine one, and elegantly appointed. The foundation of the large vault is of stone, and the walls are of solid brick, sixteen to twenty inches in thickness, while the safe, of Hall make, weighs five tons, and is of extra thickness and strength, with a time lock, having three combinations.

FURNITURE FACTORY.

There was organized in June, 1882, a joint stock company, with a capital stock of $50,000, to erect a factory, to carry on the manufacture of furniture. W. B. O. Sands is president, E. Nickerson vice president, J. Jeffries secretary, F. Nielsen treasurer; directors, Sands, Nickerson, Collister, Jeffries, Fisher, Nielsen and Maxwell. C. Mears took $2,000 in stock for the site, which is near the ferry, not far from his old mill. The factory is a substantial wooden structure, four-stories in height, 48x100 feet; engine room of brick, and the engine is to be eighty horse power.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES

Samuel A. Browne, secretary and treasurer of the Pentwater Lumber Company, is a gentleman to whose energy and ability the village of Pentwater, as well as Oceana County is largely indebted for its present prosperity. He came to the county in 1869, from Chicago, having purchased, in connection with W. B. Phillips, of that city, the lumbering interest of Richmond & Bean, and in a short time he gave the business a wonderful impetus, by extending the total of operations from the adjacent plains to the immense pine forests up the north branch of the Pentwater, containing some 200,000,000 feet of the choicest pine. This was done by a system of dams, four in number, rendering the river navigable for logs. This has been of incalculable benefit to the village and to the whole region bordering on the river, as it has made possible the development of that section of the country. To show the value of the country thus opened up, we may mention that at one sale the Pentwater Lumber Company sold §204,000 of pine land, and some quarter sections in Crystal have sold as high as $20,000. Mr. Browne, on his arrival at Pentwater, saw at once the prime necessity of railroad communication, and set himself at work with characteristic energy to secure that boon, nothing daunted by the prediction of failure in consequence of the failure to former attempts in the same direction. He secured a pledge of $50,000 in stock, and the right of way, and in three months preparations were under way to lay a track from Montague to Pentwater. Seeing that the fruit and stock interests would become, after lumbering was over, the paramount interests of Oceana, Mr. Browne threw his energy into these channels, and demonstrated in a number of cases the value of sandy soil for fruit raising, by taking up locations in Weare, Crystal, etc., that had been run over by the lumbermen and abandoned. This has been of signal service in the development of the county. He has at the present time a farm in Golden with 20,000 fruit trees under successful culture. But his chief triumph is in his stock farm of 240 acres, on Section 12 of Golden, purchased in 1878, on which he has tine herds of thorough-bred Jerseys, Short horns, and Galloways, the latter being probably the finest collection in the state. In pigs he keeps the choicest Berkskires. But it is in the trotting stock that Mr. Browne has acquired a reputation far beyond the limits of the state, having some fifteen of the choicest brood-mares, (some with a record as low as 2.23,) and keeping a stud of from thirty-five to forty horses.

Mr. Browne, with his Scottish-Irish origin, inherited an intense detestation of shivery, end was during the war a warm friend and supporter of the Union. Being in St. Louis when the war was about to break out, lie raised a company of militia, and was with Gen. Lyon at the capture of Camp Jackson, and was offered the Colonelcy of Blair's regiment, but was obliged to decline the honor, on account of the severe and extended illness of his wife at that time. During Lincoln's great campaign in 1858, against Douglas for the senatorship, Mr. Browne drove the former throughout the southern portion of Illinois, and is proud to reckon the martyred president among his friends who have passed to their reward. Mr. Browne was born in Antrim, Ireland, September 18, 1884, settled in Chicago in 1854, came to Pentwater in 1800, and has been president of the village, school moderator, and presidential elector for the Ninth Congressional district in 1880. He married in 1850, at Itallymina, Ireland, Miss Jane Hanna, also of Scottish-Irish descent, by whom he has four surviving children, the eldest of whom, William H., is manager of the large saw-mill. The others are Miss Maggie J., Samuel A., and Charles F. We may add that during Mr. Browne's residence in Muskegon, when he was a partner in the extensive lumber business at Pt. Sherman, he took an active part in the development of that section, in connection with the harbor, the Boom Company, and in many other ways. But to enumerate all the public services of the subject of our sketch, would prolong this to undue length, and we content ourselves with giving but one more instance of his public spirit.

When putting through the railway, finding it impossible to procure right of way and depot grounds at a reasonable price from the then owner of the farm on which the village of Shelby is located, Mr. Browne concluded, in company with Mr. Pettinger, of Shelby Township, F. A. Nims, of Muskegon, and J. G. Gray, of Pentwater, to purchase the farm from Mr. Bryant for the sum of $4,000, then deeded to the railroad company, free, the depot grounds and right of way through the land, and at once had the property platted, and in this way originated the present thriving village of Shelby, now the largest in Oceana County.

The late George W. Maxwell, who did much to build up Pentwater, was born in Tompkins, N. Y., January 0, 1840, remaining on the old homestead until 1800, when he went to Beloit, Wis., to engage in lumbering. In the Fall of 1802, Jacob S. Brillhart sold his lumbering interest in Pentwater to Hurt A Maxwell, when George acted as foreman, until he became a partner in 1805. They dissolved in 1800, selling to Richmond & Boan, and George continued the mercantile business until April, when the firm of Maxwell, Sands & Co. was organized for general merchandise and manufacturing. In 1875, Mr. Maxwell's health failed, and he died in Chicago, on January 21, 1870, sincerely mourned by all who knew him.

Wm. E. Ambler was born of Medina, Ohio, December 18, 1845, and resided there till his parents moved to Hillsdale, Mich., in 1850. He entered Hillsdale College, but in 1805 left that institution, going to Albion College, where he graduated in the scientific course. In 1866, be entered the law-school at Albany, graduated, and was admitted to practice. In 1867, be finished to classical course at Adrian College, receiving the degree of 11. A. The same fall established himself as a lawyer, at Minneapolis, Minn., but in 1808 returned to Michigan, and began the practice of law at Pentwater, Oceana County, where he continues to reside. He has been president of the village, and is a member of the firm of Neilsen & Co., bankers. In 1870, Adrian College conferred on him the degree of A. M., and in 1875, Hillsdale College did likewise. Mr. Ambler was chosen a trustee of the latter institution in 1881, and is not only the youngest member of the present board, but the youngest member ever elected. He was a senator in the State Legislature in 1878, and re-elected in 1880; was elected president pro tempore of the Senate, January 14, 1881, and was chairman of committees on appropriations and finance, engrossment and enrollment of hills, and reform-school for girls. He is a man of marked ability, and already is making his mark in the state.

William B. 0. Sands was born in Bonne County, IL, July 2, 1888. Enlisted August 10, 1801, in the Thirty-seventh Illinois Infantry, as private; served in the department of the Southwest; discharged January, 1805, with a captain's commission. Settled at Pentwater, Oceana Co., Mich., in 1800, and engaged in lumbering and merchandising, and with his partner, E. G. Maxwell, does a yearly business of $800(000 in Pentwater, Crystal and Benona.

Fred Nielsen was born in Aarhuus, Denmark, November 10, 1841. Received a high school education in his native city, acquiring a knowledge of "English, German and other languages. Settled at Pentwater, Oceana Co., Mich., in 1805, engaging in different pursuits till 1877, when he commenced banking, which he still continues at Pentwater. Married, in 1872, Nina M. Bacon.

Edwin Nickerson was born in Canada, March 17, 1883. His father settled in Cattamngns County, N. Y.,in 1885: there to Lake County, Ind., in 1839, and Barry County, Mich., in 1842. In 1865 he made Pentwater, Oceana County, his home, and built a planing- mill. Is now extensively engaged in lumbering; also owns the flour and custom mill at Pentwater. Has been township supervisor; is the present (1882) president of the village. Married, December 24, 1873, Maria A. Canniehael.

L. M. Hartwick was born in St. Joseph County, Ind., in 1848. Settled in Hillsdale, Mich., in 1860, where he received his literary education at Hillsdale College; subsequently, in 1870, graduated in the law department of the University at Ann Arbor. Practiced law two years in Hillsdale County, then, in the Spring of 1872, made Pentwater, Oceana Co., Mich., his home, where he has since resided in the practice of his profession. He also became proprietor and editor of the Pentwater Mich., March 1, 1880 still managing that paper. Has been justice of the peace, village recorder, village attorney, deputy collector of customs, circuit court commissioner, etc. Married, December 17,1871, Alice A. Toiler, who was born in Hillsdale County, Mich., May, 1853. Two children L. W. and R.

Charles R. Whittington was born in the Isle of Wight, England, January 12, 1835. Settled at Port Huron. Mich., in 1845, and in Pentwater in 1850, engaging in the grocery business. In 1871 be changed his business to furniture, sewing machines and undertaker's goods. Married September 27, 1856. Three children—Charles H., Ida May and Delia.

Dr. G. O. Switzek was born in Erie Comity, Pa., March K, 1854. Settled in Barry County, Mich., in 1861. Received his literary education at Hastings, Mich.; subsequently graduated at the Bennett Eclectic Medical College. Chicago, in 1881. The same year commenced the practice of his profession at Ludington, and in April, 1882, made Pentwater, Mich., his home, where he intends to reside permanently. Dr. William E. Dockry was born in Ontario, Canada, June 6, 1842. Moved to Trumbull Comity, Ohio, in 1840, and to Ashtabula County in 1858. Enlisted, April 27, 1801, in the Nineteenth Ohio Infantry, three months' service. Re-enlisted September of the same year in Company D, Twenty-ninth Ohio. Discharged July 22, 1865. Graduated at the Cleveland Medical College, February 18, 1867. Commenced practice immediately. Settled at Pentwater, Mich., in 1873, where he still resides, practicing his profession, being also examining surgeon for Oceana County since 1873.

Dr. C. W. Cramer was born in Washtenaw County, Mich., April 18, 1848. Commenced the practice of medicine in 1875, which he still continues at Pentwater, Mich.

E. W. Hodges was born in Worcester County, Mass., August 18, 1886. Early learned the trade of carpenter and joiner. Settled at Pentwater in 1805; followed his trade, being builder and contractor. Has been identified in village affairs by being commissioner, first assistant chief of fire department, and on the village board four years. Married, July, 1861, Mary A. Carr, who was born in Dubuque, Iowa. Four children.

Conrad Master was born in Switzerland, September 20, 1824. Settled in Hastings, N. Y., in 1803, and in Pentwater, Oceana County, in 1855. Is a miller by trade, which he has followed since 1858. At present is the beadmiller in the custom and flouring mill of Nickerson A Collister, Pentwater. Married, in 1848, Catherine Locher, who died in 1853. Second marriage in 1855, to Catherine Tobin.

John M. Cahill was born in County Limerick, Ireland, June 24, 1880. Settled in Washington, D. C, in 1868, and was engaged in the quarter-master department for a year, when he settled at Pentwater, Mich., remaining till 1875,when he went to Chicago and was on the police force, where be remained till 1876, when he returned to Pentwater, where be still resides, being engaged in business. Married, August 27,1868, Kate McAndrew, who was in Canada in 1840..

Franklin Pierce was born in Huron County, Ohio, September 7, 1850. Settled at Hart, Oceana Co., Mich., in 1868. Now is a tinsmith with F. O. Gardner, Pentwater. Married, February 25, 1880, Ella A. Falkner, born in Indiana, May 5, 1859. One child. Peter La Bonta was born in Canada, in 1888; went to Detroit the year following. He early became a mechanic by trade, working in sash, door and blind factory. In 1859, settled at Pentwater. Enlisted, in 1868, in the Twenty-first Michigan Infantry; served till close of the war. In 1880 be purchased the planing mill at Pentwater, which he still operates, also making sash, doors and blinds. Married, in 1858, Mary Riley.

James Brooken was born in Tioga County, N. Y., February 15, 1825. Settled at Detroit in 1880, and in Pentwater in 1855, being one of its first settlers. He kept the boarding house for Charles Mears till 1857, when he engaged in farming in Hart Township. Has made at least three farms in the county, and built the Elliott Hotel, Pentwater, in 1868. Now resides in the village of Pentwater, leading somewhat of a retired life, owning several houses. Married, June 15, 1848, Anna Rocole, who was born in Germany 1824.

F. 0. Gardner was born in Medina County, Ohio, February 28, 1846. Enlisted, June, 1861, in the Eighty-fourth Ohio Infantry. Served till the close of the war with Sherman as orderly sergeant. Settled in Golden, Oceana Co., Mich., in 1865. Engaged in farming and lumbering, owning a sawmill. Settled at Pentwater, in 1874, and is engaged in saw and shingle milling, hardware, brickmaking, etc., doing some $80,000 worth of business annually. Married, June, 1878, Carrie Aubrey.

Peter Dreves was born in Aarhuus, Denmark, August 31, 1842. Settled at Pentwater, Mich., in 1868. In 1880 he purchased the Temperance Billiard Saloon, in which he still continues.

William Kuhn was born in Prussia, October 10, 1883. Settled in Chicago in 1857 Being a merchant tailor, which he followed till 1866, when he settled at Pentwater, and followed the same line of business for two years, when he built the Pacific Hotel, which he run for eight years, still owning it, though rented. Married, February 25, 1800, Henrietta Marks, who was born in Germany, February 25, 1835. Four children—Fred, Martha, Charlie and Willie.

Henry C. Flagg was born in Hartford, Conn., December 12, 1819. Settled in Hamden Co., Mass., 1812, and in Kent County, Mich., in 1840, Mason County in 1852, and in Pentwater, Oceana County, in 1857. Mr. Flagg traces his genealogy on his mother's side to Mr. Brewster, who came in the "May Flower" to America. Has been supervisor seven terms, on the village board eight years. Married, September 12, 1842, Lucy H. Nickelson, also born in Hartford, Conn., April 3, 1820.

H. H. Bunyea was born in Oakland County, Mich, April 5, 1847. Enlisted in July, 1863, in the Tenth Michigan Cavalry: served in the western department under Gen. Thomas till the close of the war. Settled at Pentwater in 1871; worked at his trade, cooper, carrying on business in that line till 1878. In 1880 established grocery business, which he still continues. Has been postmaster, township and village treasurer. Married, November 20, 1870, Miss A. F. Bacon, who was born in Canada, May 22, 1854. One child—Edith.

David C. Wickmam was born in Orleans County, N.Y., December 7, 1848. Enlisted July 15, 1862, in the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Infantry; afterward transferred to the Eighth Heavy Artillery; served in the Second Army Corps on the Potomac till the close of the war, with a first lieutenant's commission. Settled at Pentwater, Oceana Co., Mich., in 1872, and is the present harbor inspector; also deals in lumber. Married, December 8, 1878, to Acidic Cornell, who was born April, 1852. Two children—Maud and Niel Roscoe.

George W. Imus, who was born in Bennington County, Vt, July 14, 1840, came with his parents to Kent County, Mich., in 1814. In 1868 he made Pentwater his home, engaging in merchandise and hotel, still owning the Elliott Hotel, which he rents and gives his entire attention to Ins business. Has been township supervisor, village assessor, on school board, etc. Married, March 17, 1865, Sarah S. Benham, who was born in Calhoun County, Mich., September 10, 1841. Two children—Roy I-., Georgia F., and lost one by death—R. L., born Aug. 0, 1872, and died February 11,1875.

History of Manistee, Mason and Oceana County MI 1882