MICHIGAN TRAILS -
GENEALOGY and HISTORY
Important Facts about Michigan
1622 Étienne Brûlé and his fellow explorers from Grenoble, France, were probably the
first white men to see Lake Superior.
1668 Père (Father) Jacques Marquette established Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, the first
European settlement in Michigan
1701 Antoine de Lamothe Cadillac, with his lieutenant Alphonse de Tonty, established a trading
post on the Detroit River which they name Fort Pontchartrain du Detroit; now the present site
1760 Detroit was captured by the British.
1760s Chief Pontiac led a major revolt of the Ottawa tribe against the British.
1783 The area that is now Michigan is included with the territory ceded by Great Britain to the
United States by the Treaty of Paris that ended the American Revolutionary War. The U.S.
did not take control of the territory until 1796.
1796 Detroit and other posts in Michigan were turned over to the United States under terms
of the Jay Treaty. Wayne County was established as an administrative division of the
Northwest Territory.  U.S. territory
1805 Michigan Territory was created, with Detroit designated as the seat of government.
William Hull appointed as governor. Detroit was destroyed by fire.
1813 Lewis Cass became Territorial Governor.
1817 The University of Michigan is established in Detroit, the first public university in the state.
1819 In the Treaty of Saginaw, the Ojibwe, Ottawa, and Potawatomi ceded more than
six million acres, or 24,000 km² in the central portion of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan to the
1821 With the Treaty of Chicago, the Ojibwe, Ottawa, and Potawatomi ceded all the lands
south of the Grand River to the United States.
1823 Congress transferred legislative powers previously exercised by the Territorial Governor
and Judges to a nine-member Legislative Council, appointed by the U.S. President who selected
them from eighteen persons chosen by the people. The Council was expanded to thirteen
members in 1825 and made an elected body in 1827.
1828 Territorial Capitol built in Detroit at a cost of $24,500.
1835 First Constitutional Convention. Stevens T. Mason inaugurated as the first Governor.
A minor conflict with Ohio, known as the Toledo War, over an area including the city of Toledo,
Ohio, contributed to delaying Michigan's statehood. As a resolution, Ohio received Toledo and
the Toledo Strip, while Michigan gained the western two-thirds of Michigan's Upper Peninsula.
1837 Admitted as a free state into the union (the 26th state), it was admitted a few months
after the slave state of Arkansas.  U.S. state
1837 The Panic of 1837 was a severe setback to the nascent state bank and to several
ambitious programs of public improvements, including the Clinton-Kalamazoo Canal
1838 Patriot War
1840 Douglass Houghton reported finding copper deposits on the Keweenaw Peninsula.
1846 Marji-Gesick, an Ojibwa Indian, pointed out a large deposit of iron ore to prospector
Philo Everett near the present-day city of Negaunee.
1847 A law was passed by the State Legislature to re-locate the state capital from Detroit to
a site "in the township of Lansing, in the county of Ingham."
1855 Michigan State University is founded as the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan,
becoming the first land grant university in the United States.
1879 New State Capitol dedicated in Lansing. The structure cost $1,510,130.
1890s/1900s Ford, Chrysler & General Motors were founded in southeastern Michigan.
1937 Flint Sit-Down Strike ended with official recognition of the United Auto Workers by
1943 Riot broke out pitting whites against blacks during wartime.
1957 Five-mile long Mackinac Bridge opened November 1.
1967 Race riots struck the city of Detroit. After 5 days of rioting, 43 people lay dead,
1189 injured and over 7000 people had been arrested. The riot had lasting effects on the
entire metro region and is usually cited as one of the reasons the Detroit area is among
the most segregated areas in the United States.
1974 Gerald R. Ford of Grand Rapids became the 38th President of the U.S.
1987 Michigan celebrated 150 years of statehood.
2002 Michigan elects its first woman governor, Jennifer Granholm (D).
Source of Information "Wikepdia"
State nicknames: Wolverine State, Great Lakes State, Mitten State,
Water Winter Wonderland
State motto: Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice (Latin: If you seek a pleasant peninsula,
look about you). This is a paraphrase of a statement made by British architect Sir Christopher
Wren about his influence on London.
State song: My Michigan (official since 1937, but disputed amongst Michiganders, see Michigan's
State bird: American Robin (since 1931)
State mammal: White-tailed Deer (since 1997)
State fish: Brook Trout (since 1965)
State reptile: Painted Turtle (since 1995)
State fossil: Mastodon (since 2000)
State flower: Apple Blossom (adopted in 1897, official in 1997)
State wildflower: Dwarf Lake Iris (since 1998). Known as Iris lacustris, it is a federally-listed
State tree: White Pine (since 1955)
State stone: Petoskey stone (since 1965). It is composed of fossilized coral
(Hexagonaria pericarnata) from long ago when the middle of the continent was covered
with a shallow sea.
State gem: Isle Royale greenstone (since 1973, also called chlorastrolite). Literally the
green star stone, also known as the Isle Royale greenstone is found on Isle Royale and the
State soil: Kalkaska Sand (since 1990), ranges in color from black to yellowish brown, covers
nearly a million acres (4,000 km²) in 29 counties.
Source of Information: "Wikepdia"