Welcome
to
Van Buren Co MI

 Bangor, Michigan


VILLAGE OF BANGOR


Bangor, MI (North Side Main Street West from Railroad Bridge) 1909 - Contributed by Paul Petrosky

The village of Bangor is situated near the northeast corner of the township, a portion of its site extending into Arlington.

Good water-power ;privileges are here afforded by the Black River, and the village is also a station on the line of the Chicago and West Michigan Railroad.

The lands embraced within the corporate limits were purchased from the general government by the following named parties: The east half of the southwest quarter of section 1, Bangor township, by J. R. Monroe; the southeast quarter of section 1, by Ostrom, Walker & Co.; the east half of the northeast quarter of section 12, bgy Samuel Payne; the west half of the northeast quarter of section 12 by T. S. Camp; the east half of the northwest quarter of section 12, by T. S. Camp; the northeast quarter of the southwest quarter, and the north half of the southeast quarter of section 12, by Tomlinson & Co.

In Arlington, the southwest quarter of section 6, by Peter Schermerhorn; the west half of the northwest fractional quarter of section 8, by John Allen; the east half of the northwest quarter of section 8, by J. R. Monroe, and the north half of the southwest quarter of the same section, by Horace Butler.

First and Other Early Settlements -- To Charles U. Cross, the first settler in the township, may be accorded the honor of being the first settler upon the village-site of Bangor. Mr. Cross came to the State of Michigan from Madison Co., N., Y., in 1834. Having come into the possession of lands entered by him in 1834, in the name of his uncle, Samuel Payne, he, about the 1st of March, 1837, began the construction of a log house upon the same, and in this dwelling his family (consisting of only his newly-married wife) was installed upon its completion, on the 8th of the same month. His attention was not wholly devoted to farming pursuits, however, for he depended much upon his profession as a civil engineer and surveyor. The country was meagerly supplied with roads and bridges, and an almost constant demand was made upon his skill for years to aid in their construction.

During the following spring (April 14, 1838) a son was born to Mr. and Mrs. Cross, who enjoyed the distinction of being the first white child born in the township.

The second settler in the village was Orlando S. Brown, who removed to the State from MOnroe Co., N. Y., in 1837, and to Bangor in 1839. Mr. Brown had already entered 80 acres on section 14, in the township, on which he had made a slight improvement, when an opportunity was afforded him to effect an exchange for 80 acres on section 12, entered by Wm. L. Booth. One half of this land is now embraced within the village limits. On this ground by a single tree had been felled, probably by the Indians in search for honey. Its owner at once began a vigorous system of improvements. After the erection of a log house of sufficient dimensions to contain his family he cleared six acres and planted it with corn. The timber which at this time covered the present village limits was of the most gigantic proportions, some of the trees of black walnut and whitewood reaching six feet in diameter. For these splendid monarchs. of the forest no market could be found, as the want of roads made their transportation in the form of lumber impossible. Later, the opening of highways created a demand, and ultimately made the timber of hte settler one of his most profitable source of revenue. Many Indians were to be found following the streams for fish or pursuing the hunt, those in the immediate vicinity being under the direction and control of a chief of the Pottawatamies named Pi-pa-wa. They were on amicable terms with the settlers, often exchanging supplies of game for bread, and were frequent visitors to the cabin of Mr. Brown. when overtaken by the approaching night, they found a cordial welcome and as comfortable a lodging-place as they desired upon the floor, where, wrapped in their blankets beside a blazing fire of logs, they slumbered, oblivious of care.

The early pioneers were for a time profitably employed by the highway commissioners in making roads, for which they were paid in orders. These orders, which were the nearest approach to currency obtainable, were exchanged in Paw Paw for supplies at a discount of twenty-five per cert. Mr. Brown while engaged in this lucrative pursuit was accustomed, when at a distance from his home, to build a hut of brush for shelter at night. A cluster of boughs answered as a bed, and a fire of logs modified in some degree the severity of the frost. Frequently the morning would find him almost enveloped in snow, and on many occasions the dinner was so frozen that his axe was called into requisition to cut it in pieces.

A schooner laden with apples and shipwrecked on Lake Michigan afforded an opportunity for raising an orchard. The seeds of the apples washed ashore were planted in 1841, and produced the earliest fruit raised in the township. Mr. Brown still resides within the village limits, on the land of which he became an early possessor.

Calvin Cross, a brother of the earliest pioneer in Bangor, came in May of 1844, and pursued his calling of a millwright. Discerning the advantages to be derived from the fine water-power, in connection in Charles U. Cross he erected in 1846 a saw-mill on the Black River, being assisted in its construction by William Rea, Orlando S. Brown, David Taylor, Christian B. Gross, and William H. Hurlbut. An examination of the records establishes the fact that this property was conveyed by Charles U. Cross and wife to Calvin Cross, May 3, 1850. Mr. Cross managed it for a period of six years, and then sold to Marcello P. Watson, who conveyed in 1856 to Joseph H. Nyman, who subsequently erected upon the same site a sash- and blind-factory.  Mr. Cross then removed to Paw Paw and erected a mill, and later another mill in Hartford, on the Paw Paw River, which was sold two years later. After following agricultural pursuits during the interval, he removed again to Bangor in 1873, where he now resides.

William Rea purchased in 1846 a fractional quarter lying in the township of Arlington, a portion of which is now embraced in the village. He improved this land, erected upon it a small dwelling, and removed his family there the following year.

William S. Camp settled upon 160 acres of land on section 12 in 1846, and became a resident of the hamlet. He took immediate measures to clear and cultivate his land, and resided upon it until his death, in 1870. The land was entered by his father, Thomas S. Camp. Rossiter Hoppin and Christian B. Gross soon after located within the village limits.

Marcello P. Watson was the earliest settler who embarked in commercial pursuits. In 1852, in connection with Albert Comstock, he purchased a stock of goods and opened a general store. The demand for their wares was not large, and the ambitious merchants found it expedient to reduce their stock, and finally to close it out, Mr. Watson soon after becoming the owner of the saw-mill.

A very marked impetus was given to the growth of Bangor and its business interests by the settlement of Joseph H. Nyman, who came from Niles, Mich., in 1856, and purchased the saw-mill and water-privilege. He replaced the old mill by a new and larger one, and the year following his arrival built a grist-mill. In 1865 he erected an extensive woolen-mill, having meanwhile much improved the water-power. Through his influence a post-office was established, of which he was postmaster, -- the mail having been carried at first from Arlington. Later, a tri-weekly state conveyed it from Paw Paw and South Haven to Bangor.

The store erected by Watson was in 1862 purchased by J. D. Kingston, and in response to the urgent demand of travelers in search of shelter and good cheer, he converted it into a hotel and became the first landlord of the place. L. S. Russell became his successor, who added considerably to its dimensions and sold to L. H. Perkins, who in term sold to its present proprietors, when it was christened the Sebring House.

In 1864, A. B. Taft came from New York State and opened what was at the time the only general merchandise store in the place, in a building standing just north of the present site of the depot. The room was not only very limited in proportions but exceedingly dilapidated in condition, and the citizens did Mr. Taft the justice not to judge the quality of his stock by the uninviting aspect of the store. The same building did good service in the celebration of the opening of the railroad, in 1870. Mr. Taft was followed by the Ferguson brothers, who embarked in business on the north side in the spring of 1866, and the same summer Silas De Long opened a stock of goods, which the following year was sold to D. K. Charles.

The village was already assuming importance as a business centre, and attracting enterprising settlers from adjacent parts of the State, when the question of building a railroad within its boundaries was agitated. The agent of The Chicago and Michigan Lake Shore Railroad, now called the Chicago and West Michigan Railroad, visited the county and secured from the inhabitants of the township a pledge of $300,000 to aid in its construction. This was by a subsequent decree of the State Supreme Court reduced to one-half that amount, *(The township voted a tax of $30,000, which was declared unconstitutional and void; the $15,000 was raised and paid by private subscription.) and $15,000 was raised by the citizens and paid towards the completion of the project. This railroad opened a means of transportation for the products of the adjoining country, and made Bangor a central point of shipment, very materially advancing the value of property and insuring for the little village a future career of prosperity.

The most powerful lever to the advancement of Bangor since the opening of the railroad has been the Bangor Blast Furnace. The company was organized in 1872, with a capital of $100,000, and was influenced by the ample supply of hard timber and the inducements offered by leading residents of the township to locate in the village. Its extensive demand for material and its immense shipping interests have greatly advanced the business activity of the place.

The Bangor Chemical Works were next established, and they add materially to the industries of the village. These interests, supplemented by the prosperity of its business men and the ambition of its citizens, will eventually place Bangor among the most advanced villages of the State.

VILLAGE PLATS. -- The first plat of the village was made by Joseph H. Nyman, and recorded Nov. 12, 1860. It embraced 55 acres on the north side of the river, and was known as the village of Bangor. The year following Mr. Nyman built on one of the lots of this plat his present residence, which was the first dwelling erected on the north side of the river. The second plat was made by Charles U. Cross, July 11, 1867, and included about 63 acres, embracing the east half of the northeast quarter of section 12. North of this plat Mr. Cross owned 17 acres, which he disposed of in parcels, giving five acres to the Blast Furnace Company as a site for their works.

In 1872, Alexander H. Morrison platted the west half of the east half of the north east quarter of section 12. In 1874 he also platted 80 acres in addition, embracing the east half of the northwest quarter of section 12, and later sold it. The later is now cultivated as a farm.

Incorporation, Village Officers -- The act to incorporate the village of Bangor bears date March 21, 1877, and reads as follows:

"An Act to incorporate the village of Bangor.
"Section One - The people of the State of Michigan enact that all the tracts of land situated in the townships of Bangor and Arlington, in the county of Van Buren, and State of Michigan, which are known and described as follows, to wit: the southeast quarter and the east half of the southwest quarter of section one (1), the northeast quarter and east half of the northwest quarter, the northeast quarter of the southwest quarter, and the north half of the southeast quarter of section twelve (12), township two south, of range sixteen west , the southwest fractional quarter of section six (6), the northwest fractional quarter and the north half of the southwest fractional quarter of section seven (7), township two south, of range fifteen west, be and the same are hereby made and constituted a village corporate by the name of the village of Bangor, by virtue of and under the provisions of act Number Sixty-Two of the Session laws of Eighteen Hundred and Seventy-Five, entitled 'An Act granting and defining the Powers and duties of incorporated villages, approved April 1, 1875, and such amendments as made thereto.'

"Section Two - The first election for officers of said village shall be held on the third Monday of April, Eighteen Hundred and Seventy-Seven (1877), at the office of Sebring's warehouse, in said village, notice of which shall be posted in three public places of said village by the board of registration hereinafter appointed, at least ten days previous thereto."

The first election was held at the office of Sebring's warehouse, April 16, 1877. The officers of the village elected at that time and at subsequent elections have been as follows:

1877 - President, Ephraim Harvey; Trustees (two years), R. C. Nyman, John Desmond, Judson B. Hall, (one year)
William H. Reynolds, James Salisbury, Mark Remington; Clerk, William H. Reynolds; Treasurer, John E. Sebring; Assessor, James E. Ferguson; Street Commissioner, Edwin Ruthruff; Constable, Thaddeus McNitt.

1878 - President, James E. Ferguson; Trustees (two years), Mark Remington, James Slinger, Josiah G. Miller; Clerk, William H. Davis; Treasurer, Nathan W. Deak; Assessor, Enoch S. Harvey; Street Commissioner, James Livermore; Constable, William Ford.

1879 - President, N. W. Drake; Trustees (two years), J. G. Todd, W. H. Davis, A. J. McLaughlin; Clerk, William H. Reynolds; Treasurer, H. D. Harvey; Assessor, E. S. Harvey; Street Commissioner, Edwin Ruthruff; Constable, W. G. Russell.

HOTELS

Sebring House - This hotel building had its origin as early as 1852, when the portion now in use as a kitchen was erected by M. P. Watson as a dwelling. Ten years later I. D. Kingston purchased the building, and opened the earliest house of entertainment in the village. Later it became the property of various parties, until its purchase by Horace Sebring in 1869. It had previously been greatly increased in capacity, and Mr. Sebring added other apartments after his purchase of the building. He established its reputation as a well-kept house, and drew by his uniform courtesy and attention a large patronage. In 1878 the building was still further enlarged. The proprietor died the same year, since which time it has been managed by his son, John E. Sebring.

Russell House - This hotel is among Bangor's recent acquisitions, having been built in 1879 by C. G. Russell, who is also proprietor. It is conveniently located, and is obtaining a good patronage from travelers.

MANUFACTURING ENTERPRISES

The Bangor Blast Furnace - This is an establishment for the smelting of iron ore and the manufacture of pig iron. It is under the direction of a stock company, the officers of which are A. B. Hough, President, Cleveland, Ohio; J. D. Bradley, Vice-President, Chicago, Ill.; C. D. Rhodes, Treasurer, Chicago, Ill.; H. S. Pickands, Secretary and General Superintendent. The furnace was built in 1872, and began operation in November of the same year the company having been led to choose Bangor as a location from the abundant supply of wood which the adjacent contry affords, as well as for its convenience as a shipping-point.

The furnace has run steadily until the present time, with the exception of four weeks of each year, when it goes out of blast to permit repairs, which usually require that length of time for completion. The furnace, including the works, kilns, and wood-yards, occupies 10 acres of ground, and gives employment in all its branches to more than 400 men. The best single day's product of the furnace is 45 gross tons of pig iron, and the average day's results 36 tons. The month of March, 1879, indicated a yield of 1181 tons. There is daily consumed nearly 125 cords of wood, and the timber from a square mile of forest is consumed annually. The immense resources of the country in this particular are fully equal to the demand, which is supplied either by wagon or rail. These figures afford an idea of the magnitude of the business and the extensive employment given to the population of Bangor and vicinity. The enterprise is under the general direction of Maj. H. S. Pickands, and the furnace department is under the immediate supervision of Maurice Ring.

The Bangor Chemical Works - These works, which are probably the largest of the kind in the world, are located in Bangor, adjacent to the blast furnace. They were built by Ira B. Lyon, of Flint, Mich., from plans and specifications furnished by H. M. Pierce, of Buffalo, N. Y., the products of the works being acetate of lime, from which acetic acid is produced, and wood alcohol. Of acetate of lime, 35,000 pounds, or 2 car-loads, is produced per week, while the yield of alcohol is 50 barrels per month. The pyroligneous acid, from which these products are reduced, is obtained by condensing the gases thrown off in the carbonization of wood in charcoal-kilns belonging to the Bangor blast furnace. In these kilns about 70 cords of wood are daily reduced to charcoal. Each cord will yield about 180 gallons of acid liquor, the entire 70 tons yielding about 60 tons of liquor, which must be daily handled in these chemical-works.

To give some idea of the magnitude of the work, a few figures are appended. There are six buildings of the following dimensions: engine-house 22 by 30 feet; office, 14 by 22 feet; still-house, 16 by 30 feet; neutralizing-house, 24 by 56 feet; alcohol department, 30 by 50 feet; acetate department, 56 by 100 feet. The daily yield of liquid from the kilns is about 13,000 gallons. The tanks and stills hold in the aggregate about 50,000 gallons. There are 9 evaporating-pans with a capacity of 1356 cubic feet, and 2 drying surfaces of 1600 feet.

Mr. Pierce has recently greatly enhanced his reputation as a scientist by the discovery of a process of utilizing smoke for purpose of fuel.

The Bangor Mills - The saw-mill, as has been previously stated, was built by Charles U. and Calvin Cross in 1846, the latter gentleman having disposed of it to M. P. Watson, from whom it was purchased by John H. Nyman in 1846. The next year he demolished the old mill and erected a new one in its place, with a capacity of 12,000 feet per day. In connection with it is a planing-mill and a sash- door-, and blind-factory. MOulding and scroll work are manufactured to order, and lumber and lath are embraced int eh stock for sale. The mills are managed by R. C. Nyman, a son of the proprietor.

The flouring-mill was built by Mr. Nyman in 1857, and was in active operation in 1870, when it was destroyed by fire. The present structure at once replaced it, which has four run of stones and a capacity for 125 barrels of flour per day. It is a substantial three-story building, and fitted with all the machinery for making flour by the latest and most approved methods. The products of the mill formerly found a distant-market, but more recently have been devoted to supplying the home demand.

The Woolen-Mills - The woolen-mills were built by Mr. Nyman in 1860, and manufactured flannels, cloths, and yarn. They are substantially built, conveniently located, and have a capacity for a considerable business. They have not lately, however, been run to their fullest capacity. The mills are operated by John Crow, a son-in-law of the proprietor. All these mills are un by water-power supplied by the Black River, and rank among the most advantageous in the State for location and capacity.

Wagon-Manufactory - The wagon and sleigh-manufactory of Stephen McMillan is one of the most important enterprises in the village of Bangor. He has twice been compelled to rebuild, owing to the demands upon his skill. In 1875 he erected the spacious brick building at present occupied, in which are manufactured wagons, carriages, sleighs, and a general custom work is also done. Seven men are constantly employed, and the shop has a capacity equal to the production of 100 wagons per year, exclusive of the manufacture and repair of sleighs. Four furnaces are constructed in the shop, each provided with Root's patent blower, which greatly facilitates the labor. Connected with the establishment is an extensive blacksmithing department.

MONROE'S BANK

This bank was first established by E. M. Hipp, of St. Joseph Mich., in 1872, as a bank of deposit and exchange. It was managed by its founder until 1874, when it was purchased by Messrs. J. E. Sebring & Co., and by them owned and conducted for three years, during which time the bank did a prosperous business.  In 1877 it again changed proprietors, N. S. Taylor becoming the purchaser, who employed J. E. Sebring as cashier and general manager. The bank building later became the property of Messrs Charles & Chapman, who rent it with the fixtures to the present banking company. It is now known as Monroe's Bank, and is still a bank of deposit, exchange, and collection, and under the same management as the First National Bank of South Haven. The officers are C. J. Monroe, President, South Haven, Mich.; S. R. Boardman, Vice-President, Chicago, Ill.; A. B. Chase, Cashier, Bangor, Mich.

SOCIETIES AND ORDERS

Coffinbury Lodge, No. 204, F. and A. M. - This lodge, which is one of the most flourishing in the county, obtained its charter Jan. 10, 1867, and began work with the following officers: Emory O. Briggs, W. M.; Dennis Chidester, S. W.; Charles U. Cross, J. W.  It has since that time enjoyed a steady growth and a great degree of prosperity. Its meetings are held in a well-appointed hall in the Nyman block, which was designed, when the building was erected, for the use of the lodge, and has by them been neatly furnished. The present officers are  A. J. Nyman, W. M.; John B. Hopkins, S. W.; Thaddeus T. McNitt, J. W.; George H. Remington, Sec.; Edwin Ruthruff, Treas.

Tillotson Lodge, No. 165, I.O.O.F. - This lodge was instituted June 26. 1871, and worked under a dispensation until Jan. 8, 1872, when a charter was granted by the Grand Lodge of the State. The charter members were James H. Besore, Joseph M. Coffelt, William H. Reynolds, James Slinger, Samuel Hoppin, W. H. Davis, Joseph H. Nyman.

The charter officers were J. H. Besore, N. G.; J. M. Coffelt, V. G.; William H. Reynolds, R. S.; James Slinger, P. S.; James E. Ferguson, Treas. The lodge meets Monday night of each week in a neatly-appointed lodge-room in the Reynolds block. The present officers are James Slinger, N. G.; A. B. Taft, V. G.; L. S. Russell, R. S.; William H. Reynolds, P. S. ; M. Hammond, Treas. The lodge embraces 60 active members.

Bangor Chapter, Order the the Eastern Star. - This chapter was organized April 12, 1876, under a dispensation, its first officers having been the following: Mrs. Alice M. Cross, W. P.; John M. Burch, Vice P.; Mrs. A. M. Taft, Treas.; Mrs. J. A. Harvey, Sec.; Mrs. P. J. Cross, 1st Patron; Mrs. E. J. Ruthruff, 2d Patron; Mrs. M. Remington, 3d Patron; Mrs. S. M. Nyman, 4th Patron; Mrs. E. A. Hopkins, 5th Patron; Mrs. J. M. Burch, Conductor; Mrs. A Chidester, Guard; A. B. Taft, Sentinel; J. S. Brown, Chaplain. The present officers are Mrs. S. M. Nyman, W. M.; A. J. Numan, W. P.; Mrs. A. C. Cross, A. M.' Mrs. J. M. Burch, Sec.; Mrs. J. S. Cross, Treas.' Mrs. Phoebe Cross, Condrectress; Mrs. G. H. Remington, Associate Conductress; Mrs. N. W. Drake, Chaplain; Mrs. M. McGrath, Adah; Mrs. Edwin Ruthruff, Ruth; Mrs. J. B. Jopkins, Esther; Mrs. George F. Foster, Martha; Mrs. J. Jefferson, Electra; Mrs. C. H. Dowland, Warder; C. H. Dowland, Sentinel.

RELIGIOUS SOCIETIES

Methodist Episcopal Church - In the fall of 1865, Rev. William Paddock held a series of meetings in what was known as the old red school-house, located southwest of the village. As the result of these meetings a class was organized embracing 45 members and probationers, who soon after took the preliminary steps towards the building of a church. Very strong inducements having been offered to build on the north side of the river, then the business centre of the little village, ground was broken and the edifice begun, under the direction of the building committee, consisting of Messrs. J. H. Nyman, N. S. Taylor, and John Miller. Rev. E. L. Kellogg, the next preacher in charge, continued the work of building, and at the Annual Conference of 1868 succeeded in effecting a division of the South Haven circuit, by which Bangor and Geneva were embraced in the Bangor circuit. Rev. Irvin Skinner, a young preacher, next presided over the Bangor charge, receiving a salary of $575. The Stewards at this time were P. Hoag, J. Crakes, N. S. Taylor, A B. Taft, H. Willis, T. Emerson, and E. L. Tucker; District Steward, A. B. Taft; Trustees, N. S. Taylor, A. B. Taft, E. L. Tucker, William Reynolds, J. H. Nyman, and D. K. Charles. In 1869, Rev. D. C. Woodard was appointed preacher in charge, with a salary of $800, his field of labor being at Bangor and the Wood school-house. Under his ministry the church was completed and dedicated,  but was unfortunately not free from debt. Rev. William McKnight was placed in charge in 1870 at a salary of $700. Illness compelled him to retire from labor before his term had expired, and Rev. ---- Bacon filled the vacancy. In December, 1870, the society not being able to liquidate the indebtedness of the church building, it was sold under mortgage. The ladies of the congregation, however, with their accustomed zeal, soon raised a sufficient sum with which to purchase a lot for the erection of a new building. In 1871, Breedsville was annexed to the circuit, and Rev., G. W. Patterson became the pastor, with a salary of $600, and later $700. In 1872 the board of trustees was reorganized, and the church then became known as the Simpson Methodist Episcopal Church of Bangor. N. S. Taylor, A. B. Taft, D. K. Charles, and C. F. Ford were appointed a building committee, to superintend the erection of the new edifice. It was completed in 1873, at a cost of $12,000, N. S. Taylor being the efficient chairman of the building committee. Rev. J. R. Odin was the pastor in 1873, with a salary of $600, and was succeeded in 1874 by Rev. T. Clark, who received a salary of $676. Rev. William Harper became preacher in charge in 1875, at a salary of $895, with assistants at the various fields of labor under his charge. Rev. C. W. Pearson came in 1876, receiving $600 as salary, but in consequence of failing health left the charge in care of Rev. William Jakeway in 1877. In 1877-78, Rev. E. H. Sparling filled the pulpit, at a salary of $700 and $600, respectively, Bangor having been set apart as a separate circuit. Rev. J. T. Iddings became in 1879, with a salary of $700.

The present officers are: Stewards, N. Drake, A. J. Lewis, A. B. Taft, S. McMellen, E. A. Withey, and J. L. Cross; Recording Steward, A. B. Taft; District Steward, J. L. Cross; Class Leader, O. S. Brown; Trustees, D. K. Charles, C. C. Phillips, N. Drake, O. S. Brown, and A. J. Lewis.

There is connected with the church a flourishing Sunday-school of 100 scholars, the superintendent being C. C. Phillips and the librarian F. W. Bidwell.

Church of Christ. - Through the influence of several members of this church, who were residents of the village of Bangor and deemed it essential to carry out the principles which they had imbibed elsewhere, Elder William M<. Roe, then pastor of the Church of Christ at Paw Paw, held a series of union services, with the pastor of the Methodist Episcopal Church of this place, in February, 1876. The interest awakened in those services induced them to call to their aid Elder J. H. Reese, pastor of the church at Millburg, Berrien Co., who responded to their call on the 185th of March following, and organized them, according to New Testament usage, on the 22d of the same month, in Nyman's church building, on the north side of the village, with 13 members. J. L. Cutting and C. L. Brown were appointed overseers, and H. H. Williamson and J. A. Sherrod deacons. The record now shows 127 names, but death and emigration have lessened that number at 88. J. H. Reese and Ira B. Winch were added to the overseers on accepting the resignation of J. L. Cutting.  A Milliken, A. Whiteman, and J. B. Roys were added to the list of deacons on dismissing H. H. Williamson. Owing to an increase in membership and a desire to hold services every Lord's day, it became absolutely necessary to change the place of meeting, which was accomplished in October, 1878, by removing to Ransom's Hall, on the south side.  The Sunday-school, under the wise management of Mr. C. L. Brown as superintendent, has been quite successful from the beginning. Its financial condition is good, and its average attendance is about 60 scholars at present.

Elder J. H. Reese has had the pastoral care since the organization of the church. The society is free from debt, and under an act of incorporation has secured a lot and pledges to the amount of $700 for the erection of a place of worship.

Church of God - This society was organized in the year 1867, by Elders R. H. Bolton and William Reading.  Since that time the following ministers have had charge of the church: J. H. Besore, J. C. Drake, A. JU. Hull, B. D. Bright, J. Selkirk, R. Robbinson, J. E. Moffit, J. B. White, and W. Seifried, and 65 members have been received into church fellowship. The congregation worships in an edifice on the north side of the river.

A fine church edifice has recently been erected on section 8 by the United Brethren Society, but the writer has been unable to obtain a history of the organization.

PUBLIC SCHOOLS

The first school district was organized July 25, 1838, and comprised the northeast quarter of the township, embracing nine square miles, and numbering but three families and four children.

The first school building erected within the limits of the present village was built by Calvin cross in 1845, and located southwest of the centre of the village. It was for years known as the "red school-house," and the school was presided over by Miss Mehitable Northrop, who may be regarded as the pioneer teacher of the village. Other teachers followed, most of whom enjoyed the hospitalities of the district patrons and "boarded 'round." It being deemed advisable to change the site of the school building and afford more spacious quarters, on account of the increasing list of scholars, the building at present occupied was erected. There was, however, no change in the method of conducting the school until the coming of A. C. Martin, as principal, in 1872. With his presence was manifested as increasing interest in education on the part of the citizens, which resulted, the second year of his engagement, in the organization of graded school The building, which had not been wholly occupied, was finished, and with two competent assistants Mr. Martin inaugurated a course of study similar to that of other graded schools in the State. In 1879 the increase of pupils was so manifest as to require additional assistance, and the principal was allowed in all four assistants. The school, with its large number of pupils and its able corps of teachers, felt greatly the need of a spacious and comfortable building. The immediate demand for more space was met by removing the staircase and hall of the present building, all available space being thus utilized; a recitation-room of limited dimensions was provided for the high school. It is thought that a new school building will ultimately replace the one in present use. The instruction in all the departments of the Bangor Graded School has been so thorough that its pupils find themselves fully prepared for admission to the most advanced institutions of learning in the State.

The corps of teachers at present engaged are A. C. Martin, Principal; Mrs. A. C. Martin, Assistant; F. W. Bidwell, Grammar School' Miss Emma Cross, Intermediate Department; Miss Hattie Alvord, Primary Department.

The members of the school board are C. C. Phillips, Director; George Remington, Moderator; W. B. Tripp, Treasurer; W. W. Davis, J. E. Ferguson, William Kinney, Trustees.
 




years.

History of Berrien and Van Buren counties, Michigan. With ... biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers. Ellis, Franklin, 1828-1885., Johnson, Crisfield., D. W. Ensign & Co. Philadelphia: D. W. Ensign & Co., 1880.