PLYMOUTH TOWNSHIP

Wayne County Michigan


Source:
History of Detroit and Michigan, Silas Farmer 1890 - Part XIII Bio. Pg. 1341

The preliminary meeting which led to the organization of this township was held in February, 1827, at the house of John Tibbits, who was made chairman of the meeting; A. B. Markham was chosen secretary It was agreed to ask for a township organization by the name of Plymouth, the name being proposed by William Bartow. The township was duly created by the Legislative Council and included the two government townships now known as Plymouth and Canton.

The first township meeting was held at the house of J. Tibbits on May 4, 1827. Wm. Bartow was elected moderator, and A. B. Markham, clerk. The officers elected in that and subsequent years have been as follows:

1827. Supervisor, William Bartow; Clerk, Allen Tibbits; Assessors. Roswell Root, Henry Lyon. E. W. Starkweather; Overseers of the Poor, A. B. Markham, Cyrus Cole, Luther Lincoln; Commissioners, G. W. Benton, Rufus Thayer, Benj. Slocum; Constable, A. Bradford.

1828. Supervisor, William Bartow; Clerk, Jonathan D Davis; Assessors, R. Root. E. W. Stark- weather, H. Lyon ; Highway Commissioners, A. Y. Murray, R. Thayer, E. Hussey; Collector, E. H. Utley; Poor Directors, L. Lincoln, A. Y. Murray; Constables, Z. Bird, E. H. Utley, Wm. Tibbits.

1829. Supervisor, William Bartow; Clerk. Henry Lyon; Assessors, R. Root. E. W. Starkweather, P. Taylor; Collector, E. H. Utley: Poor Directors. L. Lincoln. B. Slocum; Highway Commissioners, R. Thayer, E. Hussey, A. Moore; Constables. E. H Utley. Z. Bird. G. Ramsdell; Trustees of School, J. Purdy, I. Davis, S. Sterling.

1830. Supervisor, Roswell Root; Clerk. H. B. Holbrook ; Assessors P. Taylor. R. Holmes, E. M. Hough; Collector, E. H. Utley; Highway Commissioners, R. Thayer, A. Moore I. Nash: Constables, E. H. Utley. G. W. Dunn; Poor Directors. Wm. Bartow. H. Ward. J. Purdy. J Tibbits. L. Lincoln; Treasurer of the Poor, Wm. Starkweather.

1831. Supervisor, James Purdy; Clerk, Henry Lyon; Treasurer, Wm. Starkweather; Collector, E. H. Utley; Highway Commissioners, I. Nash, P. Bird. M. Andrews; School Commissioners, R. Thayer, Jr. Wm. Packard. A. Moore, M. Hough. R. Holmes; School Inspectors, H. B. Holbrook, Wm. Markham. E. Hussey. J. F. Chubb, A. Tibbits; Constables, E. H. Utley, J. Westfall, G. W. Dunn; Poor Director, J. Tibbits.

1832. Supervisor. Philo Taylor; Clerk, J. F. Chubb; Assessors,R. Thayer, Jr., E. Hussey, T. F. Sheldon; Highway Commissioners J. Yerkes, R. Root, J. Safford; Collector, E. H. Utley; Constables, G. Carlton, E. H. Utley, C. F. Bradshaw, J. B. Clark; Treasurer, R. Root; Poor Director, J. Tibbits.

1833. Supervisor, Philo Taylor; Clerk, J. F. Chubb; Treasurer. R. Root; Poor Director. Wm. Bradner; Assessors, R. Thayer, J. Safford. W. Dunlap; Highway Commissioners. Wm. Bradner, H. Lyon, J. Safford; Collector. Peter Berdan; School Commissioners, Wm. Utley, E. Hussey, A. Y. Murray; School Inspectors. L. Wittie. J. F. Chubb, W. W. Markham, W. Hanford, R. Holmes; Constables, S. Sterling, P. Berdan, J. J. Downer.

1834. Supervisor, Roswcll Root; Clerk, Jonathan D. Davis; Assessors, D. L. Cady. E. Hussey, H. Larraway Highway Commissioners, P. Teeple, T. Bradner. G. Ramsdell; Collector, P. Berdan; School Commissioner, J Crane; School Inspectors, J. D. Davis, E. Hussey, W. W. Markham. J. Crane. H. B. Holbrook; Poor Directors, W. Bradner. W. Starkweather: Constables, P. Berdan, R. D. Power, O. Spaulding. W. Joy.

1835. Supervisor. J. M. Mead; Clerk. W. S. Gregory; Assessors, H. F. Bradley, Wm. Utley. E. Hussey; Highway Commissioners, M. Allen, N. Ramsdell, R. Holmes; Collector. P. Berdan; Poor Directors, J. Tibbits, P. Taylor; Constables, O. Spaulding, P. Berdan, M. Thompson.

1836. Supervisor, Horace A. Noyes; Clerk, William S. Gregory; Justices of the Peace, for one year, Roswell Root, for two years, Daniel L. Cady, for three years, Caleb Harrington, for four years, Horace A. Noyes; Assessors, II. S. Bradley, C. Harrington. J. Westfall; Collector, W. D. Robinson ; Poor Directors. W. Bradner, J. Tibbits; Highway Commissioners, R. Holmes, N. Ramsdell, 2d, P. Teeple; Common School Commissioners, J. Cram, P. Taylor, E. Woodruff; School Inspectors, J. Cram, J. Beal, W. G. Smith. H. A Noyes. D. A. McFarlin; Constables, M. Randolph, J. Harrington, J. W. Root, W. D. Robinson.

1837. Supervisor, Jonathan Shearer; Clerk, Wm. S. Gregory; Assessors, J. Westfall, J. Purdy. E Moore; Collector, J. Harrington; Poor Directors, W. Bradner, P. Westfall; Highway Commissioners, W. Bradner, C. Harrington, P. Westfall; School Inspectors, H. A. Noyes. J. Cram, L. W. Purdy; Justice of the Peace, R. Root; Constables, J. Harrington, J. W. Root, M. Randolph. W. D. Robinson.

1838. Supervisor, James DeMott; Clerk, William S. Gregory; Assessors, H. S. Bradley, Wm. Utley, W. W. Markham; Poor Directors, R. Thayer, Jr., C. B. Packard; Highway Commissioners, A. B. Markham, G. Ramsdell. R. Holmes; Collector, J. Harrington; School Inspectors. W. Starkweather, T. T. Lyon, J. Cram ; Justice of the Peace, J. Cram ; Constables, J. W. Root, J. Harrington, L. J. Thompson, H. Cady.

1839. Supervisor, James DeMott; Clerk, William S. Gregory; Treasurer, H. M. Perrin; Justice of the Peace, Wm. N. Stevens;Collector, H. Lewis; Poor Directors, B. G. Barker, Wm. Dunlap; Assessors. R. Thayer. Jr., H. S. Bradley, W. W. Markham; Highway Commissioners, C. Johnson, A. Burr, J. L. Johnson; School Inspectors, J. Cram. E. Welch. S. Jones; Constables, H. Lewis. A. Plumsted, J. W. Root. D. Ramsdell.

1840. Supervisor, William W. Markham; Clerk, Joshua Scattergood ; Justices of the Peace, H. A. Noyes. L. Ferguson ; Treasurer, H. M. Perrin; Assessors, J. Westfall, H. Lyon, H. S. Bradley; Collector, J. W. Root; School Inspectors, T. T. Lyon. E. Welch, J. Brearley; Highway Commissioners, R. Holmes. A. Burr, J. DeMott; Poor Directors, R. Blackwood, J. Kellogg; Constables, E. W. Chaffee, J. W. Root, W. A. Wilson, D. Wood.

1841. Supervisor. Caleb Harrington; Clerk, Horace A. Noyes; Justice of the Peace, H. Fralick; Treasurer, D. H. Rowland; Collector. E. W. Chaffee; Assessors, II. S. Bradley. H. Lyon, J. Westfall; Highway Commissioners, L. Ferguson, A. Stevens, G. Barlow; School Inspectors, D. H. Rowland, 11. A Noyes, L. J. Thompson; Poor Directors, A. W. Holliday, W. S. Gregory; Constables, J. Fuller, E. W. Chaffee. A. Whittaker, R. B. Stewart.

1842. Supervisor, Ebenezer J. Penniman; Clerk, Jesse Cram ; Treasurer, P. Fralick ; Justices of the Peace, L. Ferguson, P. Taylor; Assessors, E. Morse, Z. Phelps; Highway Commissioners, G. Barlow, E. Morse, E. Penned; School Inspectors, B. M, Noyes, L.J. Thompson, D. H. Rowland: Poor Directors, L. Ferguson, J. Kellogg; Constables L. A. Cook, J. M. Bentley, A. Fralick, M, Randolph.

1843. Supervisor, Ebenezer J. Penniman; Clerk, Jesse Cram; Treasurer, L. J. Thompson; Justice of the Peace, Wm. N. Stevens; Assessors, L. Ferguson, R. Holmes; Highway Commissioners, A. Burr, J. Westfall, E. Morse; School Inspectors. N. W. Cram, two years, B. Noyes, one year; Overseers of the Poor, A. Shattuck, E. Morse; Constables. J. M. Bentley, M. Randolph, L. A Cook, A. Fralick 1844. Supervisor, Ebenezer J. Penniman; Clerk, Jesse Cram; Treasurer, Wm. N. Stevens; Justice of the Peace, L. J. Thompson; Assessors, J. Westfall, E. Morse; Highway Commissioners, M. L. Shutts, G. Barlow, E. Morse; School Inspector, C.J. Kellogg; Poor Directors, A. Shattuck, L. Ferguson; Constables, J. M. Bentley, T. D. Winchester, M. Randolph, E. Whittaker.

1845. Supervisor, Henry B. Holbrook; Clerk. Nathaniel W. Cram ; Treasurer, Wm. N. Stevens; Justice of the Peace, J. Scattergood; Assessors, A. Burr, R. Blackwood; Highway Commissioners, D. D. Johnson, M. Lockhead, J. W. Root; School Inspectors, W. W. Markham, S. S. Bullock ; Poor Directors, J. Scott, J. Davis; Constables, D. Connor, T. D. Winchester, N. H. Cady, J. M. Adams.

1846. Supervisor, Henry B. Holbrook; Clerk, David Clarkson; Treasurer, Wm. H. Ramsdell; Justices of the Peace, Wm. Hinsdill, J. Elwell; Assessors, D. Kingsley, J. Westfall; Highway Commissioners, M. L. Shutts, B. Cooch, F. Ritnour; School Inspector, B. Noyes; Poor Directors, S. H. M. Obea, D. L. Cady ; Constables, W. Wilson, T. D. Winchester, M. Randolph. J. R. Gear.

1847. Supervisor, Jonathan Shearer; Clerk, Walter D. Whalen; Treasurer. Wm. Taft; Justices of the Peace, W. N Stevens, C. Pudney; Highway Commissioners, J. W. Root, three years, H. Cotton, two years, G. Ramsdell, one year; School Inspector, W. Sickles; Poor Directors. A. Mead, J. Tibbits, Constables, T. D. Winchester, T. Tozer, C. N. Booth, W. W. Wilson.

1848. Supervisor. Jonathan Shearer; Clerk. William H. Gregory; Treasurer, W. H. Ramsdell; Justices of the Peace, B. Holbrook, C. B. Packard; Assessors. H. H. Bradley, R. Thayer; School Inspector, J. S. Tibbits; Poor Directors, W. S. Gregory, A. Mead ; Highway Commissioner, G. Ramsdell; Constables, T.D. Winchester, M. L. Whitney.

1849. Supervisor, Henry Fralick; Clerk, William H. Gregory; Treasurer, D. F. Mitchell; Justice of the Peace, H. Colton; Assessors, H. S. Bradley, R. Thayer; School Inspector, M. A. Mosher ; Poor Directors, A Mead, W. S. Gregory; Highway Commissioner, G. Barlow; Constables. C. A. Robinson, J. Miller, T. D. Winchester, M. L. Whitney.

1850. Supervisor, Ebenezer J. Penniman; Clerk, William H. Gregory; Treasurer, T. Stevens ; Justice of the Peace, C. Pudney; Assessors. H. S. Bradley, R. Thayer; Highway Commissioner, M. L. Shutts; School Inspector, J. S. Tibbits; Poor Directors. W. S. Gregory, A. Mead; Constables, A. Fralick, M. L. Whitney, T. D. Winchester, S. B. Bryant.

1851. Supervisor, Jacob B. Covert and Thomas P. May, Jr., each part of a year; Clerk, William H. Gregory; Treasurer, T. Stevens; Justices of the Peace, I. N. Hedden, J. Fuller; Highway Commissioner, W. Scott; Assessors, J. Westfall, L. Turrill; School Inspector, E. Adams; Constables, W. W. Wilson, S B Bryant, J. McCarn, H. H. Baker.

1852. Supervisor, Henry Fralick; Clerk, William H. Gregory; Treasurer T. Stevens; Justice of the Peace, C. B. Packard; School Inspector, J. S. Tibbits; Assessors, R. Thayer, H. S. Bradley; Highway Commissioner, G. Ramsdell; Poor Directors, J. Clarkson, J. M. Adams; Constables, R. Stilwill. G. W. Swift, S. J. Chilson. S. Bryant.

1853. Supervisor, John S. Tibbits; Clerk, William H. Gregory; Treasurer. W. B. Sellick; Justices of the Peace, C. A. Starkweather. M. Randolph; School Inspector, D. F. Mitchell; Highway Commissioner,J. M. Adams; Poor Directors, J. M. Adams, D. Clarkson ; Constables, M. L. Whitney, D. Ramsdell. H. Baker. J. N. McClarlan.

1854. Supervisor, John S. Tibbits; Clerk, John N. Scott; Treasurer, S. Bryant; Justices of the Peace, B. S. 'Taylor, L. Ferguson; Highway Commissioner. C. H. Bennett; School Inspectors. W. H. Gregory. H. B. Thayer; Poor Directors, P. Fralick. E. C Willis; Constables. S. Bryant, H. Baker, J. C. Nevins, C. Valentine.

1855. Supervisor. George A. Starkweather: Clerk, William H. Gregory; Treasurer, S. Williams; Justice of the Peace, C. H.Bennett; Highway Commissioner. R. Thayer; School Inspectors, H. B. Thayer. W. D. Whalen; Poor Directors. L. Westfall. H. S. Bradley; Constables, S. Bryant, H. Baker, J. Ambler, J. Miller.

1856. Supervisor, John S. Tibbits; Clerk, William H. Gregory; Treasurer, J. B. Brumfietd ; Justice of the Peace, C. Pudney ; School Inspector, T, T. Lyon; Highway Commissioner. J. M. Adams; Poor Directors, W. S. Gregory. H. S. Bradley; Constables, H. P. Bradley, S. Bryant, J. B. Brumfield, L. Lapham.

1857. Supervisor, Horace Bradley ; Clerk, William H. Gregory; Treasurer, J. W. Elliott; Justices of the Peace, Geo. A. Starkweather, N. D. Whalen; School Inspector, H. P. Sly; Highway Commissioner, J. Allen; Poor Directors, H. S. Bradley, W. B. Gregory; Constables, J. F. Chilson, J. W. Elliott. J. Ovenshire, D. Berdan.

1858. Supervisor, George A. Starkweather; Clerk, William H. Gregory, William S. Gregory and Theodatus T. Lyon, each part of a year; Treasurer, I. F. Chilson; Justices of the Peace, B. S Taylor, J. W. McFarlan; School Inspector, W. H. Serviss; Highway Commissioner, R. Thayer; Poor Directors, John Diamond, C. Crosby; Constables, I. F. Chilson. E L. Booth. E. R. Simmonds, J. F. Starkweather.

1859. Supervisor, George A. Starkweather; Clerk. William H. Serviss; Treasurer, E K. Simmonds; Justices of the Peace, J. N. McFarlan, L. Noble; School Inspectors, H. B. Thayer, J. Rodgers; Highway Commissioner, W. V. Ely; Poor Directors, J. Diamond, G. Young; Constables, E. K. Simmonds, I. F. Chilson, J. F. Starkweather, E. L. Booth.

1860. Supervisor, William Taft; Clerk. Isaac N. Hedden; Treasurer, M L. Whitney; Justice of the Peace, C. B. Packard; School Inspector, C. A. Frisbee; Highway Commissioner, W. S. Johnson; Poor Directors, H. Colton, H. S. Bradley; Constables, M. L. Whitney. A. Dodge, H. Lount, E. Booth.
1861. Supervisor, William Taft; Clerk, Lawrence Noble and Henry O. Hanford, each part of a year; Treasurer, J. N. Withee; Justice of the Peace, G. A. Starkweather; School Inspector, H. B. Thayer; Highway Commissioner, H. B. Thayer; Poor Directors, A. D. Kendrick, C. Crosby; Constables, J. S. Jackson, H. Lount, N. H. May, M. L. Whitney.

1862. Supervisor, George A. Starkweather; Clerk, Michael Conner; Treasurer, J. Manning; Justices of the Peace, R. McFarlan, A. Brigham; School Inspector, C. A. Frisbee; Highway Commissioner, W. V. Ely; Poor Directors H. Newman, H. S. Bradley; Constables. J. Manning, N. Collins, S. J. Lockwood. N. H. May.

1863. Supervisor, Winfield Scott; Clerk, Jerome T. Johnson.; Treasurer, J. D. Turrell; Justice of the Peace, D. B. Penny; Highway Commissioner, W. T. Johnson; Poor Directors. H. Newman, A. D. Kendrick; School Inspector, H. B. Thayer; Constables, J. S. Jackson, J. M. Loud, N. H. May, J. D. Turrell.

1864- Supervisor, Winfield Scott; Clerk, James P. Donaldson; Treasurer, J. D. Turrell; Justices of the Peace, A. Brigham. F. R. Beal, J. T. Johnson; School Inspector, C. A. Frisbee; Highway Commissioner, H. B. Thayer; Poor Directors, I. N. Hedden, A. VanValkenburg; Constables, J. N. Loud, J. S. Covert, J. D. Turrell, D. Moreland.

1865. Supervisor, Winfield Scott; Clerk. James P. Donaldson; Treasurer, O. Eddy; Justices of the Peace, G. A. Starkweather, H. C. Benton; School Inspector, H. B. Thayer ; Highway Commissioner, W. V. Ely; Poor Directors, G. Young, A. N. Curtis; Constables, L. A. Yerkes, H. C. Markham, J. S. Jackson, H. Tafft.

1866. Supervisor, Hiram R. Thayer; Clerk, John Rodgers; Treasurer, E. S. Horton ; Justice of the Peace, S. Hungerford; Highway Commissioner, H. C. Benton; School Inspector, C. A. Frisbee; Poor Directors, A. N. Curtis, T. McClumphia; Constables, J. B. Berdan. H. C. Markham, A. N. Curtis, E. S. Horton.

1867. Supervisor, Hiram B. Thayer; Clerk, Edward S. Horton; Treasurer, Otis Eddy; Justice of the Peace, John Rodgers ; School Inspector, W. M. Osband ; Highway Commissioners, D. Clarkson, I. N. Hedden; Poor Directors, E. Simmons, T. McClumphia; Constables, J. B. Berdan, J. F. Starkweather, W. H. Brigham, E. K. Simons.

1868. Supervisor, Hiram B. Thayer; Clerk, Oscar A. Fraser; Treasurer. S. S. Eddy; Justice of the Peace. H. C. Benton; School Inspector, C. A. Frisbee, F. R. Beal; Highway Commissioner. I. N. Hedden; Poor Directors. E. Simons, T. McClumphia ; Constables, J. B. Berdan, D. H. Downer, H. C. Markham, J. F. Starkweather.

1869. Supervisor. Hiram B.Thayer:Clerk, Marcus G. B. Swift; Treasurer, A. Joy:Justices of the Peace, I. N. Hedden, W. Scott; School Inspectors, W. P. Hungerford, O. A. Fraser; Highway Commissioner, H. C. Benton; Poor Directors, E. Simons, T. McClumphia; Constables, J. S. Jackson, C. Congdon, J. F. Starkweather, H.C. Markham.

1870. Supervisor, Hiram B. Thayer; Clerk, Roswell D. Root; Treasurer, S. F. Hughes; Justices of the Peace. W. D. Whalen, A. E. Pardee; School Inspector, C. A. Frisbee; Highway Commissioner, D. Clarkson; Poor Directors, H. P. Sly, E. Simon; Constables, C. Congdon. J. S. Jackson, A. J. Lapham, H. C. Markham.

1871. Supervisor, Hiram B. Thayer; Clerk, Walter D. Whalen; Treasurer, Enoch S. Moulton ; Justice of the Peace, J. Rodgers; School Inspector, W. P. Hungerford ; Highway Commissioner, I. N. Hedden; Poor Directors. E. Simons, T. McClumphia ; Constables, H. C. Markham, Charles Congdon J. S. Jackson, W, H. Hudson.

1872. Supervisor. Winfield Scott; Clerk, Roswell L. Root; Treasurer, B. G. Webster; Justice of the Peace. A E. Pardee: Highway Commissioner, N. C. Benton; School Inspector. C. A. Frisbee: Drain Commissioner, W. T. Johnson ; Constables, W. Orr. J. S. Jackson. C. Congdon. H. C. Markham.

1873. Supervisor, Hiram B. Thayer; Clerk, Charles E. Clarkson; Treasurer, I. Chilson; Justice of the Peace, D Clarkson; Highway Commissioner, C Root; School Inspector, W. P. Hungerford ; Drain Commissioner. H. R. Holmes; Constables, J. S. Jackson, J. M. Ambler, W. Orr, I. Chilson.

1874. Supervisor, Hiram B. Thayer; Clerk, Charles E. Clarkson; Treasurer,J. M. Loud: Justice of the Peace, W. H. Ambler; Highway Commissioner, H. R. Holmes; Poor Directors, T. McClumphia; School Inspector, C. A. Frisbee; Drain Commissioner, H. P. Sly; Constables, J. C, Buckner. J. S. Jackson. I. F. Chilson. W. W. Orr.

1875. Supervisor, Winfield Scott; Clerk. Roswell L. Root; Treasurer, E. S. Horton; Justice of the Peace, A. Stevens; Highway Commissioner, E. B. Bradner; Supt. Schools, James Dubuar; School Inspector, C. A Frisbee; Poor Director, T. McClumphia ; Drain Commissioner, T. McClumphia; Constables, J. S. Jackson, J. C. Buckner, I. F. Chilson, J. F. Starkweather.

1876. Supervisor. Winfield Scott; clerk, James K. Lowden; Treasurer, C. W. Bradner; Justice of the Peace, H. W. Baker; Supt. Schools,C. A. Frisbee; Highway Commissioner, E. P. Bradner; Drain Commissioner, T. McClumphia; Constables, J. W. Davis, J. C. Buckner. I. F. Chilson. W. H. Hudson.

1877. Supervisor. Winfield Scott; Clerk. Abram Pelhain ; Treasurer. A. Pomeroy; Justices of the Peace, J. K. Lowden, B. C. Bunnell; Highway Commissioner. E. B. Thompson; Supt. Schools. J. Dubuar; School Inspector. C. A. Frisbee; Poor Directors, D. White, T. McClumphia; Drain Com- missioner. T. McClumphia; Constables, J. W. Davis, J. C. Buckner, I. F. Chilson. W. II Wherry.

1878. Supervisor, Henry Hurd; Clerk, Edwin Root; Treasurer, A. Joy; Justices of the Peace, C. Kator; School Inspector, E. K. Simonds; Supt, Schools. A. D. Stevens; Highway Commissioner. T. McClumphia; Poor Directors, C. Baker. J. Waterman; Constables O. Westfall. I. Plate, F. Perrine. C. Perigo.

1879. Supervisor, Winfield Scott; Clerk, Abram Pelham; Treasurer, J. O. Knapp; Justice of the Peace, B. Poole; Highway Commissioner, E. B. Thompson; Supt. Schools. R. C. Safford ; School Inspector. Chas. A. Frisbee; Overseers of the Poor, A. Stevens, D. White; Drain Commissioner, H. R. Holmes; Constables, I. F. Chilson, W. N. Wherry. J. W. Davis, F. N. Perrine.

1880. Supervisor, Samuel J. Springer; Clerk, William H. Ambler; Treasurer, E P. Lombard; Justice of the Peace. J. Fuller; Highway Commissioner, E. B Thompson; Supt Schools, R. C. Safford; School Inspector, C. A Frisbee; Overseers of the Poor. D. White. T. McClumphia; Drain Commissioner, H. R. Holmes; Constables. J. W. Davis, F. N. Perrine, J. F. Chilson, W. N. Wherry.

1881. Supervisor, Samuel J. Springer; Clerk, Cyrus A. Pinckney; Treasurer, E. P. Lombard ; Justice of the Peace, J. Fuller; L. W. Hutton; Supt Schools, C. DeMuth ; School Inspector, C. A. Frisbee; Highway Commissioner, J. O. Harmon; Overseers of the Poor, T. McClumphia, D. White ; Drain Commissioner, H. R. Holmes; Constables, J. C. Buckner. T. B. Fulkins, W. N. Wherry, I. F. Chilson.

1882. Supervisor, Hiram B. Thayer; Clerk, William H. Ambler; Treasurer, E. W. Chaffee; Justice of the Peace, A. M. Randolph; Highway Commissioner, J. W. Tafft; School Inspector. C. DeMuth; W. H. Cheever; Drain Commissioner, C. D. Durfee; Constables. I. F. Chilson. W. N. Wherry. J. C. Buckner, F. N Perrine.

1883. Supervisor. Charles D. Durfee; Clerk, William H. Ambler; Treasurer, E. P. Lombard; justices of the Peace, B. Poole, R. McFarlan; Highway Commissioner, J. G. Bradner; Drain Commissioner, H. R. Holmes; School Inspector, C. A. Frisbee ; Constables, J. W. Davis, J. C. Buckner, D. F. Policy. I. F. Chilson.

1884. Supervisor. Charles D. Durfee; Clerk, William H. Ambler; Treasurer, E. P. Lombard; Justices of the Peace. C W. Valentine. H. D. Clark; School Inspectors. W. H. Cheever, T. C. Sherwood ; Highway Commissioner. J. G. Bradner; Drain Commissioner, H. R. Holmes; Constables. J. W. Davis, F. N. Perrine. M. R. Weeks, I. F. Chilson.

1885. Supervisor, Charles D. Durfee; Clerk. William H. Ambler; Treasurer, E. W. Chaffee; Justices of the Peace, L. W. Hutton, D W. White; School Inspector, T. C. Sherwood; Highway Commissioner, J. G. Bradner; Constables, I. F. Chilson, A. Holloway. P. E. White. J. W. Davis.

1886. Supervisor, Charles D. Durfee; Clerk. Eugene P. Lombard ; Treasurer. E. S. Horton; Justice of the Peace. D. B. Northrop; School Inspector, F. G. Terrill; Highway Commissioner, J. G Bradner; Drain Commissioner, H. R. Holmes; Constables. I. F. Chilson. H. Lount. M. R. Weeks. J. C. Buckner.

1887. Supervisor. William H. Ambler; Clerk, Eugene P. Lombard; Treasurer, E. S. Horton; Justice of the Peace, B. Poole; Highway Commissioner, J. V. Harmon; School Inspector, T. C. Sherwood; Constables, J. W. Davis, J. C. Buckner, I. F. Chilson. W. N. Wherry.

1888. Supervisor, William H. Ambler; Clerk, Eugene P. Lombard; Treasurer, A. Pomeroy; Justice of the Peace. I. F. Chilson; Highway Commissioner, J. V. Harmon; Drain Commissioner, H. R. Holmes; School Inspector, F. G. Terrill; Constables, M. W. Reed. H. F. Jackson, C. Micol, J. E. Hood.

1889. Supervisor, William H. Ambler; Clerk, George Hunter; Treasurer, A. Pomeroy; Justice of the Peace, I. N. Blackwood ; Highway Commissioner, J. V. Harmon ; School Inspector, T. S. Clark ; Constables, C. J. Micol, J. E. Hood, M. W. Reed, H. F. Jackson.

1890 Supervisor, L. C. Hough; Clerk, A. C. Donner; Treasurer, G. W. Hunter; Justice of the Peace, D. B. Northrup; Highway Commissioner, W. P. Johnson; Drain Commissioner, H, R. Holmes; School Inspector, C. H. Caldron; Board of Review, M. Conner, E. B. Thompson; Con- stables, J. E. Wood, H C. Cole, M. W. Reed, G. Wagner.

At the first township meeting a tax of $154.40 was levied on the 140 taxpayers in the township, and as more than half of the tax was upon lands owned by non-residents, there was but $66.90 to be collected. Mr. A. B. Markham some years ago gave a humorous account of his spending nearly an entire month traveling through the snow to collect this amount. He finally became almost discouraged, and after throwing off all of his percentage as collector, he worked four days to get funds enough to make up the entire amount due, paid the sum over, and since that time has been satisfied to do without the honors or emoluments of office.

On March 7, 1834, the township was divided, and the town of Canton created. On March 7, 1878, it was voted to divide the township of Plymouth into two election districts, in compliance with a law of May 23, 1877, and Sections I to 18, both inclusive, were designated as the first election district, the meetings to be held in the village of Northville. Sections 19 to 36, each inclusive, were designated as the second election district, the meetings to be held at the village of Plymouth.

In 1888 the township of Plymouth was divided into six whole and five fractional school districts. One thousand one hundred and twenty seven pupils were enrolled with an average daily attendance of 796. as shown by the reports for the year ending September 3, 1888. The same reports show four brick houses, costing $35,500, and having seats for 889 pupils, and seven frame houses, costing $4,150, and seating 238. The district libraries contained a total of 4,989 volumes. Five male and twenty-three female teachers were employed. The population in 1850 was 2.431; in 1870. 3,016; and in 1880, 3,339. The valuation in 1840 was $328,808 in 1850, $180,818; in 1860, $507,522; in 1870, $636,470; in 1880, $1,963,270.

PLYMOUTH.

The settlement which has grown into the village of Plymouth began in 1825. In that year William Starkweather made a clearing and erected a log house on the site of the present village, where the residence of John Fuller was afterwards located. The same year J. S. Tibbits, Roswell Root, John Van Sickle, and others, became his neighbors, and there came soon afterwards A. B. Markham, John Miller, Peter and Henry Fralick. Silas Sly, Rufus Thayer, William and Hiram Utley, Lyman Terrill, Esquire Taylor. John Welch. Benajah and Henry Holbrook. About the same time the following persons also settled in the town: Paul W. Hazen, Erastus Hussey, David Phillips Luther Lincoln, Wm. Markham, E. W. Starkweather, Henry Ward, Walter McFarlan, Wm. Bartow, Timothy Lyon, John Westfall, Calvin Whipple and Clark Griswold. The first white woman to venture into the present limits of Plymouth was Keziah, wife of Wm. Starkweather, and mother of George A Starkweather, who was the second white child born in the township. The most of the settlers of 1825 left their families for a time in Detroit. The first white child born in the township was Oscar Phillips, the son of David Phillips.

A. H. Markham, who built the first hand-power mill, says: "I was two whole days building the mill, and it answered very well for grinding corn. Two boys or two women could grind a bushel of corn in one hour. In making the mill Mr. Markham felled a large, tall and straight oak tree, flattened the upper end of the trunk for a distance of about seventy feet, cut a trench in it. a foot wide and ten inches deep and narrowed almost to a point; a wheel a foot thick was then sawed from the large end of the tree, the edge pared down to fit the trench, an axle put through it, and on being lifted into place the wheel was ready to grind, by being moved back and forth in the trench Half a bushel of corn could be ground in about twenty minutes." In the fail of 1825 Luther Lincoln built a saw-mill on Section 26. and very soon after Timothy Lyon built a mill on Section 23, and Morris Smith one on Section 25.

In these early days, when settlers were few, one man was frequently called upon to fill several offices, and in his reminiscences A. B. Markham speaks of serving at the same time as fence viewer, road master, collector, and constable.

In the early part of the year 1827 a meeting was held at the house of John Tibbits for the purpose of organizing a military company, and Ira M. Hough was chosen captain; Stephen Root and Abram Lara, way were chosen under officers. Among the earliest store-keepers were Frisbee Chubb, Timothy Lyon and Levi Bishop. The latter had a shop here from 1825 to 1830 The first blacksmith of whom there is any recollection was Alanson Knickerbocker. Luther Lincoln's saw and grist mill was about half a mile east of the present village of Plymouth, and "Uncle" John Miller's grist mill was located at what is now known as Northville. The first brick building in the township was erected by Henry Ward on Section 32. The post-office for some years was known as Plymouth Corners. The first postmaster was Gideon P. Benton. He carried the mail in his hat or tied it up in his handkerchief.

The village of Plymouth was laid out and recorded in 1837, by Henry B. Holbrook. In 1838, a year after the plat was recorded, the village had a Presbyterian church, five stores, a Wild Cat bank, known as the Wayne County Bank, three taverns, and a drug store.

The village was incorporated by Act of March 15, 1867, and ten days afterward an election was held a' the hotel of Thomas Whipple, known as the Adams House, at which Gabriel Youngs and John Rodgers were elected judges of election, and O. A. Frazier, clerk. The 129 votes polled resulted in the election of the following officers: President, Bethuel Noyes: Recorder, Michael Conner; Treasurer, A. B. Coleman; Assessors, Lewis H. Bennett, William A. Bassett; Trustees, Samuel Hardenburgh. Isaac N Hedden, Ira M. Hough, Abram Fralick, Francis W. Fairman.

The officers elected in subsequent years are as follows:

1868. President, Michael Conner; Recorder, Isaac N. Hedden ; Trustees, Samuel Hardenburgh, Stephen Roe, I. Gleason, A. B. Coleman, Wm. A. Bassett; Treasurer, O. A. Frazier; Assessors, E. L. Moulton. L. H. Bennett.

1869. President, Michael Conner; Recorder, Oscar A. Frazier; Treasurer, N. P. Chandler; Trustees, Wm. A. Bassett, Samuel Hardenburgh, A. C. Perren, R. Herrick.C. B. Crosby; Assessors, E. S. Moulton, C. A. Frisbee.

1870. President, Isaac N. Hedden; Recorder, Martin A. Vrooman; Treasurer, N. P. Chandler; Trustees, A. Joy. W. W. Orr, E. S. Moulton, J. Madden, S. Roe; Assessors, J. W. Roe. Wm. N. Wherry.

1871. President, Calvin B. Crosby; Recorder, Martin A. Vrooman; Treasurer, N. P. Chandler; Trustees, M. Conner, P. Gayde, E. S. Moulton, A. A. Shaffer. W. A. Bassett; J. W. Roe, J. Gleason.

From 1871 no records have been found, but on March 4, 1879, the village was re-incorporated and the officers since then have been as follows: 1879. President, Byron Poole; Clerk, Martin A. Vrooman; Trustees for one year, A. A. Shaffer, Wm. A. Bassett, John Fuller; Trustees for two years, Wm. H. Hoyt, I. Gleason. O. H. Polley; Treasurer, O. A. Frazier; Assessor, Geo. A.Starkweather; Street Commissioner, C. H. Burrows; Constable, O. Westfall; Pound Master, L. West- fall; Marshall, O. Westfall; Physician, Jason P. Safford; President pro tern., John Fuller.

1880. President, Byron Poole; Clerk, Martin A. Vrooman; Assessor, G. A. Starkweather; Treasurer, 0. A. Frazier; Trustees, J. Fuller. A. A. Shaffer, Wm. A. Bennett; Street Commissioner, L. Westfall; Constable, I. Piatt.

1881. President. Byron Poole; Clerk, Martin A. Vrooman; Treasurer, A. A. Tafft; Trustees, Wm. H. Hoyt, J. C. Peterhaus; O. H. Polley; Assessor, Geo. A. Starkweather; Constable, M. R. Weeks; Street Commissioner, 1. F. Chilson. 1882. President, Daniel R. Penney; Clerk, Martin A. Vrooman; Treasurer, C. A. Pinckney; Assessor. L. Pooler; Trustees.D.B. Wilcox. S. Baker. I.. Farwell; Street Commissioner, A. A. Brockway; Constable, M. R. Weeks

1883. President, Wm. H. Hoyt; Clerk Martin A. Vrooman ; Treasurer, C. A. Pinckney ; Assessor, L. Pooler; Trustees. John Bradner. P Gayde. W. J Burrows. C A. Roe; Street Commissioner. A. A. Brockway; Constable. D. F. Polley.

1884. President, Michael Conner; Clerk, Martin A. Vrooman; Treasurer, C. A. Pinckney; Trustees. C. A. Frisbee. C. J. Hamilton. Willard Roe; Assessor, B. Poole; Street Commissioner, A. A. Brockway ; Constable. M. R. Weeks.

1885. President. Cyrus A. Pinckney; Clerk. Harry C Bennett; Treasurer, E. W. Chaffee; Assessor, F. P. Park; Trustees, C. A. Roe, J. C. Peterhaus. T. C. Sherwood, L. H. Bennett; Street Commissioner, A. Passage; Constable, M. R. Weeks.

1886 President, Calvin B. Crosby: Clerk. Henry Dohmstreich ; Treasurer. J. P. Woodard; Assessor, L. Pooler: Trustees, W. J. Bradner. Wm. F. Markham, J. M. Ward; Street Commissioner, J. Hood; Constable, F. Dunn.

1887. President. Byron Poole; Clerk, Henry Dohmstreich and George Hunter each part of a year; Treasurer, L. C. Hough; Trustees, H. Wills, Wm. H. Bassett, J. M. Collier; Assessor, L. Pooler; Street Commissioner. John Hood; Constable, R. Terry.

1888. President, Byron Poole; Clerk, George Hunter; Treasurer, L. C. Hough: Trustees, A. J. Lapham, E. C. Leach, H. C. Robinson; Assessor, Samuel Baker; Street Commissioner. J. Hood; Constable. F. Dunn.

1889. President, Michael Conner; Clerk. James 0. Eddy; Treasurer. E. W. Chaffee; Trustees. J. M. Collier. W. J. Bradner. W. H. Bassett; Assessor. L. Pooler; Street Commissioner. E. Cortrite; Constable. M. R. Weeks.

1890. President. Michael Conner; Clerk J. O. Eddy; Trustees E. C. Leach, L. C. Hough. W. F. Markham; Assessor, C. A. Pinckney; Street Commissioner, Eli Cortrite ; Constable, Fred Dunn. About 1830 there was an old log school-house on the Detroit Road on the east side of the River Rouge. This was replaced in 1840 by a frame house erected on Lot 6. Block 6, of the Bradner Plat, the lot being donated by Wm. Bradner. The building remained until the Union District No. 1 was formed in 1853. There was at one time a district school on Ann Arbor Street. A select school was opened by E. J. Penniman on Church Street in 1842. The building is now used as the Berdan House barn. The very commodious and well arranged Union School building was erected in 1884 at a cost of $18,000. The school is exceptionally well manned and managed, and is divided into four departments, known as Primary, Intermediate. Grammar, and High, with courses of study not surpassed in any city schools. An assortment of excellent philosophical and chemical apparatus is provided, and there is also a general library of 1,300 volumes, and a large and valuable reference library The general library is open daily for pupils, and twice a month to the general public.

Amity Hall, seating about 500, was completed in 1869. One of the beauties of Plymouth is the Park of two acres in triangular shape, bounded by Sutton, Ann Arbor and Main Streets. It contains a dense forest of maple and spruce trees which were set out in 1858.

The old Presbyterian Cemetery was opened in 1828, the North Plymouth Cemetery in 1844, and the "Riverside," located about three-quarters of a mile east of the village, was established by ordinance of February 3, 1880 It consists of twenty acres on the southeast quarter of Section 26, and cost $1,003. In addition to the cemeteries near Plymouth and Northville, there is the "Thayer" Cemetery, on the southwest quarter of Section 7; the "Blackner" Cemetery, on the northeast quarter of Section 28. opened about 1830; and the " Waterford " Cemetery, on the southeast quarter of Section 14.

An edition of the Wayne County Review, of Wayne, for Plymouth, with O. S Howard as editor, was issued in December, 1878, by J. H. Steers. In September, 1887, it was succeeded by the Plymouth Mail, issued at Plymouth. This is a five-column quarto, and has, for a village paper, a notably large circulation.

Among the important local events was the tire of May 5, 1856, which originated about half-past twelve at night in the ball-room of Root's Hotel, on the corner of Ann Arbor and Main Streets the fire is believed to have been caused by the bursting of a lamp. It spread rapidly, and made a clean sweep of the entire block on the west side of Main Street, from Ann Arbor to Sutton Streets. Among the buildings destroyed were Collins Kellogg's drug store. J. W. Root's hotel, John Kynock's shoe store, the past-office, most of its papers and records being saved, Fralick & Crosby's dry goods store. J. Scattergood's dry goods store. Josiah Butler's jewelry store, H Fralick's dry goods store, G. Lauffer's shoe store, and H. Weeks's tailor shop. The two brick buildings at the north end of the block were saved by tearing down some of the wooden buildings on the south, and the fire was controlled after a loss of over $60,000. On February 16, 1859, a boiler exploded at May & Hendrick's saw-mill and rake factory, on Main Street. The explosion occurred between ten and eleven o'clock in the morning. while most of the men were in the woods cutting logs, and instantly killed the engineer, Abram Moreland, and also Henry C. Chilson, and severely injured Peter Micol.

First Methodist Episcopal Church,

The history of the Methodist Episcopal Church in this region begins as early as May, 1826. At that time Rev. Joseph Hickok held a meeting at the house of William Tibbits, on Section 28. After him came Rev. Marcus Swift, father of Dr. John Swift, of Northville. This region was then in what was. known as the Huron Circuit, and in 1828 the society had preaching at Paul Haze's, and as early as 1835 they had a frame church at what was called Cooper's Corners. The ministers from 1833 were as follows: 1833, Marcus Swift and R. Lawrence ; 1834, Marcus Swift and Lorenzo Davis; 1835, Elijah Crane and O. Mitchell; 1836, "William Sprague and David Burns; 1837, William Sprague and O. F. North; 1838, John Kin near and Adam Minis; 1839, Robert Triggs and Alanson Flemming; 1840, Larmon Chatfield and Robert Triggs; 1841, Geo. Bradley and Ebenezer Steel; 1842, William Sprague and George King; 1843, Henry Vanordeu and John Scotford; 1844, Henry Vanorden and Allen Staples; 1845, John K. Gillett and F. W. Warren; 1846, Horace Hall and J. W. Warren; 1847, James F. Davidson and P. G. Buchanan ; 1848. David Burns and Adam Minis; 1849, David Burns and Flavel Britton; 1850, Thomas Wakelin and J. H. Burnham; 1851, George Smith and J. H. Burnham; 1852, E. W. Borden; 1853-1855, Wm. Fox; 1855. Wm. Calkins ; 1856-181:8. Wm. H. Hevener; 1858-1860. Jason W. Kellogg; 1861-1862. W.C. Way; 1862-1864, S. E. Warren; 1864-1866, James F. Davidson; 1866- 1868, C. C. Yemans; 1868-1869, R. Bird; 1869- 1870, S. P. Warner; 1870-1873, W. H. Benton; 1873-1875, J. W. Hagadorn; 1875-1877, Lewis P. Davis; 1878-1881, J. G. Morgan; 1881-1883. G. W. Lowe; 1883-1884, S. Plantz; 1884-1887, M.W. Gifford; 1887-1889. J. M. Shank; 1889--, G. W. Hudson. The building now occupied by the society was built about 1847, seats 300, and cost $2,000. The church and parsonage arc estimated as worth $8,000.

Baptist Church.

This society was organized March 1, 1830, at Shutt's Corners, a small settlement on the east half of Section 31, on the Ann Arbor Road, about four miles west of Plymouth. The society was officially recognized as a regular Baptist church on June 9 1830. About 1840 they built a small chapel, and during the time they remained at Shutt's Corners the following persons served as pastors; Revs. Carpenter, Clark, Facer, Noyes, and Andrew Clark.

On February 23. 1846, the Plymouth Village Baptist Society was organized in the school-house, and two years later, on April 8, 1843. the original society and the village organization united their interests under the leadership of W. B. Grow. The society then purchased the old wooden Presbyterian church, and moved it to their lot at the north end of the village. This soon became too small for them, and it was sold to the Lutherans. The old chapel at Shutt's Corners was then dismantled, and the most of it used in the construction of a new church, which was dedicated in February. 1856. An addition has since been made to the building, and it will now seat about 400, and is worth about $3,500. Rev. Mr. Grow served as pastor about sixteen years. His successors since 1860 have been: W. R. Northrup, 1863-1865: S. H. Vann. 1865-1867: H. B Johnston. 1868-1869: W. Putnam, 1869- 1873: H. C. Beats, 1873-1874; E. A. Gray. 1875- 1876; W. B. Grow. 1878-1879; Charles Carrell. 1881-1883; H. Burns, 1886 1887; P. G. Robertson, since May 1, 1888. The church in 1889 had 120 members.

Second Presbyterian Church.

This church dates its beginnings from a meeting held by Rev. Erie Prince at the house of Ira Branson on February 23, 1833. A church was formally organized on January 14. 1835. A lot for a church and cemetery was donated by Wm. Starkweather, and a church costing $400 was built and first used in September, 1835. This building was sold to the Baptist Church, and in November, 1849, the society began worshipping in a new brick church which cost $3,000. This building is still in use but was extensively repaired, and then rededicated January 10, 1877. The pastors have been as follows: Rev. Erie Prince, occasional services in 1833 and 1834; Rev. A. M. Mcjunkin, May, 1835 to Spring of 1836; Rev. Erie Prince, from November, 1836, to April, 1839; Rev. Enoch Bouton, from May, 183910 1840; Rev. J, A. Clayton, from May. 1840 to 1846; Rev. E. S Shepard, from 184* to 1849: Rev. W. C. Kniffen, during part of 1849; Rev. J. A. Clayton, from January, 1851 to 1853; Rev. J. A. Dubuar. during part of 1853 ; Rev. Sylvester Cochrane, from Spring of 1854 to April. 1859; Rev. J. W. McGregor, from January, 1860, until near the close of 1862. He was followed by Rev. B. F. Murden, who remained from 1862 to 1863 In November, 1868, Rev. J. F. McLaren became pastor, and remained two years. He was succeeded on April 9, 1870, by Rev. J. W. Baynes. He lived only about a year, and the pulpit was then supplied by Rev. J. A. Dubuar and Rev. Maltby Gelston until August, 1873, when Rev. J. Mills Gelston became the pastor, he remained until May. 1875. Rev. John A. Baldwin then served for a few months as did also Rev. K. II Wilkinson, and in 1877 and 1878 Rev. P. R Hurd, of Detroit, officiated occasionally. Rev. E.G. Bryant served from April, 1878 to April, 1880; Rev. Mills B. Gels- ton, from May, 1881, to April, 1882; Rev. W.W. Wetmore, from May, 1882, to 1883 ; Rev. George H. Wallace, from 1886 to 1888; Rev. W. T. Jacques, from August 1888. The society has fifty-seven members, and on February 23, 1884. one year after the proper date, they celebrated the semi-centennial of the organization.

There is an old church on Section 6, but it has not been used for several years. It belongs to the Summit Congregational Society, which moved to Salem about four years ago. built a church at that place, and discontinued the use of this building.

St. Peter's Evangelical Lutheran Church, U. A. C.

This society was organized through the efforts of the Rev. T. Schmidt of Ann Arbor, on March 5, 1856. Prior to the formal organization of the congregation, services were held for a short time in private houses. The old Baptist Church was then purchased and moved to the church lot, refitted and dedicated December 26, 1858. In 1882 it was sold to be used as a blacksmith shop, and a new church, costing $2,500, and seating 250, was dedicated October 14, 1883. As near as can be learned, the pastors have been as follows : Rev. T. Schmidt, 1856 to 1862; Rev. Werner, August 3, 1862,to April 24, 1864; Rev. Gebaur. September 19, 1865, to May 12, 1867; Rev. Nussbaum, 1867, to October 30, 1870; Rev. Werner, November 20, 1870. to 1872; Rev. C. Schmolz. 1872 to 1874; Rev. Matshat, 1874-1876; Rev. Stein, 1876-1878; Rev. George Tierck, 1878-1880; Rev. Schoemyerlin, December 4. 1880, to July 16, 1882; Rev. H. Abelmann, August 13, 1882, to 1885; Rev. Robert Weise, 1885-1886; Rev. Wm. Renz, 1886-1888 ; Rev. John Baumann, 1888.

Banks,

The first bank in Plymouth was the Wayne County Bank of 1837.

The first National Bank of Plymouth was organized November 18,1871, with E. J. Penniman, president, and C. H. Bennett, cashier. The capital stock, $50,000, was taken by these gentlemen, and the following stockholders: R. L. Durfee. A. B. Coleman, John Owen, J. S. Farrand, Gideon Durfee, Stephen Roe, Thomas P. May. F. S. Shattuck, L. D. Shearer, J. Westfall. Edwin Fuller, Eva C. Hendrich, Chester B. Root. M. Connor, James Burns, George V. N. Lothrop. Charlotte Wilkins, John Shaw, I). E. Mathews, Mary Doors, John Allen, B. Moreland, Samuel Lyndon, Alexis Packard, and Wm P. Spear. The directors were K. J. Penniman, president. C. H. Bennett, cashier. L. D. Shearer, James Burns, John Allen, and Samuel Lyndon. The bank has been successful from the first, the semi-annual dividend being five per cent. The report for January i, 1889, showed a surplus of $14,000, with undivided profits of $8,000, an average deposit of $75,000, and loans at seven per cent., of about $90,000.

The Plymouth National Bank was organized January 16, 1884, with a capital stock of $50,000, divided among the following stockholders: Stephen Andrews, Mrs. Mary A Allen, W. O Alien, Henry W. Baker (guardian), Lewis H. Bennett, Gideon P. Benton, Dwight Berdan, Calvin B. Crosby, John E. Ellsworth, Delia Entrican, Charles A. Frisbie. Wm. Geer, L. Cass Hough, Ellen J. Harlow, James R. Hosie, Samuel Lyndon, Alfred D. Lyndon, Edwin C. Leach, Wm. Manchester, Hiram Murray, Elizabeth E. May, Orlando R. Pettingill, Lorenzo Pooler, Cyrus A. Pinckney, Byron Pool, Thomas Patterson, Charles H. Potter, Tunis V. Ouackenbush, Ellen B. Roe, Theodore C. Sherwood, Caleb J. Sprague, Martha S. Stevens, Samuel J. Springer, Laban D. Shearer, Nathan T. Sly, Clark M. Sly, Irving N. Starkweather, Eugene K. Starkweather, Abram Shear, E. Simonds, Enos F. St. John. Ella C Smith, Francis G. Terrill, J. D. Terrill, John B. Tillottson, Franklin Tillottson, George Van Sickle, Wm. Van Sickle. John Van Inwagen, David B. Wilcox. The hank began business February 11, 1884, with T. C. Sherwood, president, and L. D. Shearer, vice-president and acting cashier. On January 1, 1885, they paid a dividend of four per cent, on the first eleven months' business, and their report of January 1, 1889, shows a surplus of $4,715.90, with an aver- age deposit of $75,000, and loans of $116.000 at seven per cent. T. C. Sherwood resigned as president on January 1, 1889, in order to act as State Bank Commissioner. The officers in 1889 were as follows: L. D. Shearer, president; E. C. Leach, vice-president, and L. C. Sherwood, cashier. The village is favorably located for a variety of manufactures, being on the line of the Detroit, Lansing & Northern Railroad, and also on the Flint & Pere Marquette Railroad, and its location on the River Rouge affords water power for several mills, and while not a large manufacturing center, it has several industries that are making its name a household word throughout the country.

The Plymouth Iron Windmill Company was organized in 1882, with cash capital of $30,000, for the manufacture of the " Hamilton " iron windmill. In addition to the windmill they also manufacture the ".Daisy" air-gun, of which they are selling many thousands. M. Connor is president, H. W. Baker, manager. L C Hough, treasurer, and R. L. Root, secretary.

The Markham Manufacturing Company was originally formed for the manufacture of tanks and cisterns of all kinds. In August, 1887, Mr. Markham procured a patent on a toy rifle, of which large numbers are made. The Plymouth Air Rifle Co, organized in March. 1888, is manufacturing an air rifle which is being shipped to all parts of the world. The works give employment to twenty-five men. The Plymouth and Phoenix Flouring Mills located in the northerly limits of the village, have a capacity of 175 barrels daily, and the cheese factory of Charles D. Durfee, established in 1888, in North Plymouth, produced in its first season 150,000 pounds. There are also several smaller factories here producing a variety of articles.

The Tonquish Lodge, No. 32, of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, was organized December 21, 1847, and Plymouth Rock Lodge, No. 47, of the Free and Accepted Masons on January 10, 1851. The population of the village in 1870 was 969, and in 1880, 1,025.

The Plymouth Fair Association was organized in April, 1886, as a stock company, with a capital of $1,200. The first officers were T.C. Sherwood, president; Dr. J. M. Collier, secretary; L. C. Hough, treasurer. The officers in 1889 were the same, except that C. B. Crosby was secretary. The association grounds consist of twenty-two acres in the southeasterly limits of the village of Plymouth. The total value of the grounds and buildings is about $7,000. Their first fair was held in September, 1866.

NORTHVILLE.

The plat of this village was recorded by Wm. Dunlap and D. L. Cady in 1840 The first frame building in the township was erected where this village is located, and as early as 1827. John Miller and Israel Marsh built a grist mill near what is now Northville. The stones were made out of a large boulder that was found in the vicinity, and they did good work. In 1838, according to Blois's Gazetteer, the village contained a Presbyterian, Methodist, and Baptist church, four stores, two taverns, a flour mill with two run of stones, a saw mill, a furnace, a carding and cloth dressing establishment, and a chair factory.

The village is on the line of the Flint & Pere Marquette Railroad, and after Wyandotte is the largest manufacturing center in the county outside of Detroit. It has a most admirable location. The land is somewhat broken and hilly, and the region is so much more attractive than the more level portions of the county, that it is called the Switzerland of Wayne.

The village was incorporated on March 13,1867. the corporation limits including all of Section 3 in the town of Plymouth. The following officers were provided for in the act of Incorporation. A president, two trustees to be elected annually, and two for a term of two years, a marshal, treasurer, clerk, and assessor. The first election was to be held on the third Monday of April, and afterwards on the first Monday in April. Under the act elections were held and officers were elected, but the record book has been lost, and therefore the names can be obtained only for the year 1880: President, Eli K. Simmonds; Clerk, Charles R. Stevens; Trustees, M. D. Gorton, L. W. Hutton, S Clark; Assessor. W. H. Ambler; Treasurer, D. It. Northrup; Marshal, J. W. Davis

Under Act of February 23, 1881, the village was reincorporated, the charter election being held on March 7. The officers elected in that and subsequent years have been as follows;

1881. President, Eli K Simmonds; Trustees for two years. J. R. Nash, A. M. Randolph, E. S. Horton; Trustees for one year, B. Allen; Clerk, Charles R. Stevens: Treasurer. J. C. Croul; Assessor, W. H. Ambler; Street Commissioner. E. Vradenburgh; Constable. F. N. Perrin.

1882. President, Josephus M.Burgess; Trustees, C. G. Harrington, C. H. Johnson, Edward Whittaker; Clerk, Charles R. Stevens; Treasurer, John C. Croul; Assessor, W. H. Ambler; Street Commissioner, H. M. Harrington; Constable, F. N. Perrin.

1883. President, Josephus M. Burgess; Trustees, P. B Barley, J. A. Dubuar, W. Scott; Clerk. Charles R. Stevens; Assessor, W. H. Ambler; Treasurer, B. A. Wheeler; Street Commissioner, R. G. Webster; Constable, F. N. Perrin.

1884. President. Edward S. Horton; Trustees. D. Knapp, M. Bovee, F. R. Heal, J. R. Nash ; Clerk. Charles R. Stevens; Treasurer, B. A. Wheeler; Street Commissioner. E. Vradenburgh; Assessor, W. H. Ambler ; Constable, W. Allen.

1885. President, Seymour Bower; Trustees. F. R. Beal. C. M. Joslin, W. H. Brigham; Clerk, Charles A. Downer; Treasurer, A. Carpenter; Assessor, E. S. Horton; Street Commissioner, J. Smith; Constable, H. F. Jackson.

1886. President, Seymour Bower; Trustees, S. Clark; F. R. Beal, O. F. Carpenter; Clerk. Darwin R.¬ĽNorthrup; Treasurer, B. A. Wheeler; Assessor, W'. H. Ambler; Street Commissioner. E. Vradenburgh; Constable, H. Lount.

1887. President, Edmond J. Robinson; Trustees, W. H. Brigham. H. O. Waid. G. S. Vanzile; Clerk, Frank S. Hannon; Treasurer, George E. Waterman; Assessor, E. S. Horton; Street Com- missioner, E. Vradenburgh ; Constable, L. H. Sutton.

1888. President, John W. Dolph ; Trustees, M. Bovee, C. D. Woodman, L. W. Simmons; Clerk, Clarence A. Hutton; Treasurer, B. A, Wheeler; Assessor, E. S. Horton; Street Commissioner, I. N. Blackwood; Constable, M. W. Reed.

1889. President. John W. Dolph ; Trustees, O. L. Palmer. John V. Harmon, G. S. Vanzile ; Clerk. Charles A. Downer; Treasurer, B. A. Wheeler; Assessor, E S. Horton; Street Commissioner, E. Vradenburgh; Constable, M. W. Reed.

1890. President, M. A. Porter; Clerk. C. A. Donner; Treasurer, E. H. Root; Assessor, D. B. Northrup; Street Commissioner, M. W. Reed; Constable, H. F. Jackson; Trustees, W. M, Phil- lips, George Royson. A. B. Cook.

In 1834 a stone school-house was built on the main street. It was occupied for many years, and is now used as a blacksmith shop. The present Union School building was built in 1805, at a cost of $12,000 It was enlarged in 1887 by an addition on the south side at an expense of $3000, and again in the spring of 1889 by one on the north side at a cost of $4,500. The opera house was built in 1879 by Samuel J. Little. In 1887 it was sold to Dr. Moffat, of Lansing. It seats about $1.000.

There are three cemeteries, the old, the new, and the Hillside, the last named is owned by a stock company, and the others by the village. A lodge of Odd-fellows, known as Wah-Bun- Nong, No. 48, was organized February 9, 1850. Northville lodge of F. and A. Masons. No. 186, was organized January 29. 1866. The Northville Masonic Association was incorporated in 1881, for the purpose of erecting a Masonic' hall. It occupies the second story of a double brick store, and cost, with its fittings, about $7,000. The building was dedicated in 1882. In 1887 it was enlarged by adding a second story to two or more stores. The hall has a frontage of seventy-four feet by a depth of seventy-seven feet and is one of the finest lodge rooms in the county.

In the spring of 1888, the Northville Circulating Library Association was formed. The library is in charge of E. R. Reed as librarian, and it is hoped that it may eventually grow into a large and nourishing institution. The Northville Record, an eight page five column quarto, with a circulation of 800. is published every Friday by E. Roscoe Reed. It was started in 1869 by Samuel J. Little. After passing through the hands of Joseph Haas, George Kator. J. H. Junkins, and possibly others, it came into the possession of its present owner.

In the way of fire protection the village has buckets and ladders, procured in 1883; a hook and ladder apparatus, purchased in 1885, and a chemical engine, purchased in 1886. The population of the village in 1870 was 626. and in 1880, 934. Methodist Episcopal Church.

The earliest meetings which resulted in the organization of the M. E. Church were held in the shop of Wm. Hickcox near where Dubuar's mill was afterwards located. As early as 1831 a log church was built on the farm of P. Benton, which was used until 1834, when it was torn down by some reckless young men. A deed for the lot where the present church stands was obtained in March, 1834. and the erection of a church began, but it was not fully completed and dedicated until September, 1839, and in the meantime services were held in the old stone school-house. The present church building was dedicated on September 23, 1886, Bishop John F. Hurst preaching the sermon. The building will seat 450 and cost $9,500. The society has 244 members. Up to 1838 the same ministers served here that preached at Plymouth. Since that date they have been as follows: 1837. Wm. Sprague, Oscar F. North; 1838. A. Kellam; 1839, J. H. Pitezel, A. Billings; 1840, Geo. N. Brackenbridge; 1841. Geo. Bradley, E. Steele; 1842. Bradford Frazer; 1843, Luther Whitney, J. V. Watson; 1844-1846, T. C. Gardner; 1846. W. P. Judd; 1847. Horace Hall; 1848. W. H. Collins: "1849- 1851. D. C. Jacokes; 1851, H. Pengelly; 1852-1854, J. H. Burham; 1854-1856. W. Taylor; 1856. W. M. Hevener; 1857. R. McConnell; 1858-1860. Geo. I. Betts; 1860, E. R. Haskell; 1861, H. N. Brown; 1862, Wm Mahon; 1863-1865, S. L. Ramsdell; 1865. J. F. Dorey; 1866, A. Allen; 1867, E. Van Norman; 1868-1870, J. W. Crippin; 1870. Luther Lee; 1871, J.S. Joslin; 1872-1874. Nelson Green; 1874-1877, S. Clements ; 1877-1880, J. E. Jacklin; 1880. H. C. Northrup; 1881-1883, J. Frazer; 1883, W. H. Bartram; 1884-1886. J. M. Van Every; 1886-. G. W. Hudson.

First Presbyterian Church.

This society was organized November 23, 1829, and incorporated February 5. 1835. The church lot was donated by D. L. Cady. The first church building was occupied in July, 1836, and cost $300. The present building was dedicated in June, 1846, and cost $3,500. It was extensively improved in 1875. and rededicated October 31. It will seat 400. The Church in 1889 had 195 members. The pastors in the various years have been as follows : 1830, Rev. Eric Prince; 1831, Rev. Aaron Bridgman; 1832, Rev. Erie Prince; 183410 1836, Rev. George Hornell; 1836 Rev M A. Mcjunkin; 1837, Rev. Erie Prince, and from November to September. 1838, Rev Mr. Emerson; June, 1839,10 March, 1844, Rev. W. C Knippin; 1844, Rev. Jesse Edwards; 1844. and 1845. Rev. Peter H Burghardt; October, 1847. to April, 1848, Rev. A. M. Safford; April. 1848, to January. 1850. Rev. A. M. Bennett; May, 1851. to 1868, Rev James Dubuar; March, 1869, to September, 1871, Rev. A J Bird; June, 1872,10 1875. Rev. J. Dubuar; May, 1875, to May, 1876. Rev. Donald Fletcher; August, 1876, to November, 1884 Rev. H W. Gelston; March, 1885, to May. 1886, Rev. H. S Jenkinson; May, 1886, to May. 1888, Rev. G. H Paddock; 1889 to -, Rev W. T. Jaques.

Baptist Church.

The Northville Baptist Church was constituted in October, 1834, and fully organized on June 18, 1835 by Rev. Nathan Noyes. The society was incorporated June 18, 1835. They built a church in 1837, but the deed for the lot was not recorded until May 1, 1843. The following served as pastors in the years named ; Rev. Nathan Noyes, October, 1836, 10 February, 1842; Rev. Wm. Wood, from April, 1842, to October, 1842; Rev. Wm. G. Wilson, from December, 1842, to December, 1846; Rev. G. D. Simmons, from August, 1848, to February, 1849; Rev. Supply Chase, from June, 1849, to June, 1854; Rev. J. L. McCloud, from July, 1855, to April, 1857; Rev. Wm. H. Gregory, from November. 1857,10 November, 1858; Rev. Ezek Mosher, from February, 1859, to June, 1864; Rev. J. L. Deland, from June, 1864, to June, 1866; Rev. J. C. Baker, from August, 1866, to May, 1869; Rev. J. S. Cox, from August 1869, to September, 1870; Rev. C. H. Richardson, from July. 1871, to April, 1874. After Mr. Richardson left, the pulpit was supplied by Rev. Gregory J. Scott and Van Buren, the latter being regularly called, but not remaining long. Rev.-Ames was called November 26. 1875. and remained until December 29, 1877. The church was then without a pastor until September 29, 1878, when Rev. - Churchill became pastor. He remained only a year, and was followed on November 4. 1879. by Rev. Eldridge who remained until April 1, 1884. The next pastor was Rev. Rae, He commenced September 28, 1884 and left November 29, 1885 He was followed by Rev. L. G. Clark, who came March 7, 1886. The number of members in 1889 was about 125. The church is located on the corner of Wing and Randolph Streets, and has a seating capacity of about 300. The church property, including the parsonage, is valued at about $7,000.

Roman Catholic Church.

A Catholic mission, served by the priests from Dearborn, was established here in 1887. Services are held in the building formerly owned by the M. E. Church, which was purchased for $600.

United States Fish Hatchery.

One of the most important and interesting Government institutions in Michigan is the United States fish hatchery located here. Although unpretentious in appearance, it has and is doing a great and valuable work in the production of food. It was established by N. W. Clark in 1874, and since his death, in 1876, has been conducted by his son. Frank N. Clark. Originally operated by the State, since 1880 it has been under the control of the United States Fish Commission. It is located on grounds that contain innumerable springs of the purest water, the two principal ones furnishing about 375 gallons per minute. In winter these springs are utilized for the hatchery alone, supplying about 30 000 barrels per day. On the grounds are two large buildings, one used for packing the other a hatching house 30x80, containing fifteen feeding tanks or nurseries. Outside are thirteen ponds so divided as to be made into twenty, if needed. In the winter of 1888-9 the hatchery contained 2.197,000 lake trout eggs; 207,000 brook trout; 120,000 lochleven trout, and 57.500 rainbow trout. One shipment was made to the City of Mexico, consisting of 10,000 brook and 10,000 California trout eggs. Of these all but twenty per cent, of the former and about twenty per cent, of the latter hatched out. Twenty-five thousand brook trout were sent to Wm. Burgess, London, England, most of which hatched. Scores of millions of fish have been hatched here, and shipments are made to various pans of the United States. France. Germany, South America. New Zealand, and other places. Messrs. Ycrkes and Dunlap have a gold fish hatchery about a mile northeast of Northville on the Farmington Road. It started in 1884 with two pair of fish, and the present output is from ten to fifteen thousand annually.

The Cold Springs Cream and Butter Company, which own the ground occupied by the fish hatch- cry, and also other property, was incorporated on February 12. 1884, with a capital of $10,000. F. N. Clark is president; H. E. Lake, vice-president; Edward S. Honon, secretary, and C. B. Hungerford, treasurer.

The Clover Condensed Milk Company was started in 1886 with a capital of $20,000. Their sales extend all over the Union, and for 1888 amounted to $30,000. They employ eight men and produce twenty-five cases of forty-eight pounds each, daily.

One of the principal industries of Northville is the manufacture of church and school furniture. This enterprise was established in 1864 by C. G. Harrington, and in 1873 the Michigan School Furniture Company was incorporated with a capital of $30,000. The increased business and success attending their labors suggested a new name, which was formally adopted in 1887, and they re-incorporated as the Globe Manufacturing Company, with a capital stock of $75,000. for the manufacture exclusively of school and church furniture, and all essentials of the furniture of a school-room. They employ an average of 175 persons, and their business amounts to nearly a quarter of a million dollars annually. The have provided seats for about 1,500,000 scholars, and have branches at Boston, St. Paul, and Geneva New York. The officers are: Francis R. Beal, president; Robert Verkes. vice- president ; Jared S. Lapham. treasurer; and Louis A. Beal. secretary.

The Granville Wood & Son Pipe Organ Company was started in Detroit in 1876 for the manufacture exclusively of pipe organs. In 1884 their works were moved to Northville. and a stock company was organized with a capital stock of $20,000. A three story building. 31x70. was erected, and the factory gives employment to from ten to twenty skilled workmen and turns out from eight to twelve organs yearly, at prices ranging from $1,000 to $5,000. They also, in 1888. commenced the manufacture of pianos.

For the year ending December 31, 1888, the sales of the manufacturing establishments in Northville reached a total of nearly $500,000.

MEAD'S MILLS or WATERFORD

The beginnings of this place date from 1827, when Dyer Ramsdell built a mill. In 1834 Jabish M. Mead also built a mill, and after that year the place took his name. In 1837, Mr Ramsdell laid out and recorded the village under the name of Waterford, but for many years the post-office name was Mead's Mill. It is on the line of the F. and P. M. R. R.

BIOGRAPHICAL

Jared Smith Lapham

Theodore C. Sherwood

John Marcus Swift