IN THE REGIMENT.
June 14th - Wednesday. - Orders were issued for the
regiment to drill four hours a day. A part of the
regiment refused to fall in and the drilling ceased.
It will be seen by the official record which follows
that the "home guards" were not all dead, and that a
long course of impositions practiced upon heroes
like these would tell in the end. The war had ended
and the men of our regiment knew it. They also knew
that they were entitled to their discharges from the
army, but they were retained, and the object of
their retention was said to be for the purpose of
sending them to Mexico to drive out the French army
and terminate the kingdom of "Mister" Maximilian.
They had not been paid for nine months. The weather
was broiling hot. They were being fed on old, rusty
army mess-pork and stale army rations. Our men threw
the hog-feed into the Ohio river. Smarting under
their unjust treatment, they concluded that it was
about time for abuse and impositions to cease. The
order was undoubtedly intended for the best
interests of the men, to keep them employed and in
camp. But our boys were cross and did not look upon
it in that light. They were not pleased at the
manner in which promotions had just been made. All
of the officers in the regiment knew of the feeling
that existed, and it was testing human nature a good
deal to issue such an order. Eighteen
non-commissioned officers declined to parade their
companies for drill and about fifty men refused to
take their arms. This was mutiny, the penalty for
which was death, or such other punishment as might
be inflicted by the sentence of a court martial. The
non-commissioned officers were marched off to the
guardhouse and kept there until they apologized.
Tourtellotte was present, though still confined to
his tent by the injuries received at Washington, and
many of the men blamed him as much as they did Edson,
because they thought he was still aiding to run the
machine, although not in command.
It is our opinion that these heroes did just right,
precisely right, and they should be commended for
their noble and heroic conduct, and we believe that
they will be by all whose commendation is worth
having. Impositions similar to those mentioned in
this volume were undoubtedly practiced upon the
enlisted men in other regiments from this state, but
we think that the honor of resisting by open
rebellion belongs exclusively to our boys, and we
know that they are not ashamed, but are proud of it,
and they look back to that day with as much pride
and pleasure as they do to any other one spent in
the service of their country. They were patriots,
every one of them, in the broadest sense of the
word, and the State of Minnesota ought to erect a
monument to their memories.
The reader will please notice that the mutiny is
called an error and fault.
Some of those in the guardhouse having expressed a
desire to be released, this apology was written at
regimental headquarters and sent to the
non-commissioned officers to sign. They signed it
and were released.
NEAR LOUISVILLE, KY., June 16, 1865. We, the
undersigned non-commissioned officers of the Fourth
Regiment, Minnesota Infantry Volunteer Veterans,
deeply regretting our hasty and unsoldierly conduct
of the fourteenth instant, in joining in and
inciting mutinous conduct in our several companies,
desire to publicly acknowledge our fault, and offer
to our several company commanders and the commanding
officer of the regiment this apology for our error.
We do respectfully ask that we may be permitted to
return to duty in our several positions, and that
the severe (though just) punishment which should
follow so grave a breach of discipline be averted
from us, promising faithfully to neglect in future
no duties which as soldiers we have sworn to
perform, to promptly and cheerfully obey all orders
of our superior officers. Should this our request be
granted we desire to assure our commanding officer
that he shall never have occasion to regret his
clemency, and in future the honor and reputation of
the regiment shall, as in the days when its record
was unsullied by a single stain of dishonor, be our
first object of care and solicitude.
D. W. Phillips, First Sergeant of Company C.
T. H. Reeves, Sergeant of Company C.
George W. Keeler, Corporal of Company C.
E. D. McGillis, Corporal of Company C.
Oscar Tiffany, Sergeant of Company E.
George W. Thomas, Sergeant of Company E.
J. A. Towne, Corporal of Company E.
William Bradley, Corporal of Company E.
Bejamin Siers, Corporal of Company E.
George Hansen, First Sergeant of Company G.
Allen W. Clark, Sergeant of Company G.
Gustus Grepe, Sergeant of Company G.
Joseph (his X mark) Reeder, Corporal of Company G.
William Hansen, Sergeant of Company F.
John D. Hockstrasser, Sergeant of Company F.
George C. Snyder, Sergeant of Company F.
Phineas R. Taylor, Corporal of Company F.
Francis E. Drake, Corporal of Company F.
LIST OF KILLED AND
WOUNDED OF THE FOURTH REGIMENT, MINNESOTA
VOLUNTEERS, AT THE BATTLE OF IUKA, MISS., SEPT 19,
ENLISTED MEN KILLED
NAME RANK CO. REMARKS
Benj, Pool Private C
John Casey Private C Attached to 11th Ohio Battery
Thomas Smith Private C
ENLISTED MEN WOUNDED
Thor Olsen Private A Wounded in arm and leg.
J. W. Dunn 1st Sergt. B Wounded in leg.
O. Graham Sergt B Wounded in thumb: slight
C. G. Mickel Corporal B Wounded in back and
James Nell Private B Wounded in head: slightly.
Ed. A. Zelbarth Private B Wounded in left thigh.
Charles M. Perkins Private C Not stated where.
Thomas H. Reeves Private C Wounded in finger:
George G. Kimball 1st Sergt. D Wounded in shoulder
and back: severely.
George A. Clark Private D Wounded in left thigh.
J. E. Sampson Private D Not stated where.
S. M. Momeny Private D Wounded in leg: severely.
Jas. A. Goodwin 2d Lieut. E Thigh broken: severely.
Addison Phelps Sergt E Wounded in groin: slightly.
John Boss Private E Wounded in leg.
O. Lindersmith Private E Wounded in leg.
G. W. Thomas Corporal E Wounded in leg: slightly.
Enos A. Bunker Private E Wounded in leg.
Benj. Shraum Private E Wounded: slightly.
Joseph Tairo Private E Wounded: slightly
Ira O. Russell Private F Wounded: slightly
William F. Wheeler 1st Lieut, F On General
Hamilton's staff: wounded slightly
J. W. Burdick Corporal F Wounded in head: slightly.
George Winchell Private F Wounded in shoulder
Hollis E. Sergent Private F Not stated where.
Goe. K. Campbell Private G Not stated where.
John Elke Private G Wounded in leg.
John Tobbe Private G Wounded in ankle.
Patrick Loftus Private G Wounded in hand.
Autoine Montrail Private G Wounded in hand.
George Bleder Private G Wounded in both ankles.
Bernard Westman Private G Not stated where.
Charles Olsen Private H Wounded in both legs.
N. S. Howland Private H Wounded: slightly.
Peter Lentz Private H Wounded: slightly.
Andrew Anderson Private H Wounded: slightly.
Sam'l T. Isaac Sergt I Wounded in hand: slightly.
Geo. S. Hutchinson Private K Wound in thigh and
Aaron B. Morse Private K Wounded in back and breast.
S. M. Milhollin Private K Wounded in back.
John G. McCann Private K Wounded in hand and thigh.
Martin Keifer Private K Wounded in left arm just
below shoulder: slightly.
Isaac Dezotelle Private K Attached to 11th Ohio
Battery; wounded arm and leg: died Oct 23.
As the efficiency of a regiment in active
service depends in a great measure upon the
quartermaster's department, and as we have
sufficient information for a partial history of it,
we devote a few lines to ours. Lieut. Thomas B.
Hunt, our first regimental quartermaster, drew one
hundred and twenty mules on requisition at St.
Louis., Mo., when the regiment was at Benton
Barracks, being enough, with what we already had, to
make a train of twenty-two six-mule teams. These
animals had never before been harnessed and were
very wild. They were small in size, of the
jack-rabbit variety and the most of them had to be
thrown down and held while the harness was fastened
on, and for many days our mule caravan paraded the
grounds of the barracks with all of the wheels of
the wagons locked and a soldier leading each animal
to break it in. We had not been South long before
our jack-rabbits began to be promoted. As fast as
larger animals could be procured the small ones were
turned loose, and in a few months the wheelers
became the leaders. Quartermaster Sergt. Francis K
Collins and Commissary Sergt. Thomas P. Wilson were
very efficient aids to our quartermaster, not only
during the equipment of the regiment for active
field operations but as long as they remained with
it. Lieutenant Hunt was an officer of good executive
ability, and we were soon well provided with all the
necessary supplies, and as long as he remained with
us it affords us pleasure to say that he was at all
times kind and gentlemanly to his subordinates and
affable and courteous to his brother officers. He
left us at Jacinto, Miss., was afterward detailed to
act as brigade quartermaster on the staff of Colonel
Sanborn and did not afterwards act as our regimental
quartermaster. He bid us good-by from the deck of a
steamboat when we were on a sandbar below Helena,
April 13, 1863, and having been promoted went North
to assume the duties of captain and assistant
Lieut. James H. Donaldson of Company C was detailed
to act as our quartermaster at Jacinto, and
continued to act as such until we were in the rear
of Vicksburg. While at Benton Barracks Frederick
Parsons of Company E was serving as a detailed clerk
for Lieutenant Hunt, and continued to do so as long
as Hunt remained with us. Fred E. Du Toit of Company
A was detailed at those barracks to also clerk for
the quartermaster and remained on that duty until
May 28th, before Corinth, when he went to his
company. A. L. Brown of Company B was assigned to
duty at St. Louis as clerk to Commissary Sergeant
Wilson, and remained with him until after the battle
of Iuka. Mr. Edw. G. Covington of Belle Plaine was
appointed at Fort Snelling as wagonmaster. He was a
citizen employee and remained as such until after
the battle of Iuka at Jacinto, when he was employed
to take charge of the supply train of the brigade.
When Covington left A. L. Brown was relieved as
clerk and detailed as wagonmaster, and continued to
perform those duties until we were at White's
Station, in February, 1862, when at his request
Colonel Tourtellotte relieved him and he went to his
company. John H. Thurston of Company C was at about
the same time at White's Station detailed as clerk
to assist Lieutenant Donaldson. Charles B Smith of
Company D was detailed after the battle of Corinth
to assist Commissary Sergeant Wilson, and served
with him until about the time we started on the
Yazoo Pass expedition, when he was taken sick with
diphtheria and went to a hospital in Memphis. He
joined the regiment in rear of Vicksburg and went
into the trenches. At White's Station Daniel Foster
of Company A was assigned to duty as wagonmaster.
Foster was detailed at Jacinto as Brown's assistant,
and he served as wagonmaster until the expiration of
his term of service.
The regimental blacksmith was Daniel Nevins of
Company E, who acted as such, we believe, as long as
we remained with the regiment. We had a portable
forge and all of the necessary tools for shoeing
horses and doing other light work. We had not been
in the field long before Dan made a U-S branding
iron, which we afterwards found to be a very useful
appendage to our outfit, for with it and a pair of
shears our boys would in a few minutes so
effectually change the appearance of the converted
mules and horses that their former owners never
afterwards recognized one; but such acts were all
done for the benefit of the train and the United
States Government received the benefit. A laughable
incident occurred to us while we were at Oxford. We
had been out with the train to the "Mandy Robinson
plantation" at Oak Grove for forage, and on the way
back some of the teamsters got a strawberry colored
mule, and on arrival in camp tied it to Joe
Montoure's wagon. Before Dan could heat his iron and
shear the mule's mane and tail, a native from the
country came up, looked at "Old Strawberry"
carefully and then started off to the provost
marshal's office. As soon as he departed the animal
was led into the brush and barbered and another one
resembling it some in appearance tied in its place.
The man soon returned with the provost marshal, and
was considerably nonplussed when he failed to
recognize his animal, and turning to the officer
said, "Now, I declare if that ain't the beetenist
thing yet. I left my mule standen thar not a
half-hour ago, sure. This beast does look some like
it, but I reckon, mister, that ain't my mule."
"Well, sir!" said the officer, "if you cannot
recognize your animal, I cannot put you in
possession of it."
Among those who were
regimental teamsters we remember the names of
John N. Bradford of Company B.
Marvin Pond of Company B.
John B. Grover of Company B.
Valentine Cloherty of Company E.
Wm. W. Getchell of Company B.
John Eichler of Company F.
John Drever of Company A.
Allen W. Clark of Company G.
Daniel Foster of Company A.
William Rardin of Company I.
B. F. Covington of Company A.
Andrew Gish of Company I.
Thos. Scale of Company C.
Joseph Montoure of Company K.
Thedro Fish of Company C.
James A. Williams of Company B.
William McCrory of Company C.
John Maxwell of Company H.
Thaddeus I. Robinson of Company D.
Pearl Otis of Company H.
Thomas Darling of Company D.
John Cottrell of Company F.
Harvey Ftetcher of Company E.
Amos Hursh of Company K.
Seth Nichols of Company H.
A. C. Smith of Company K.
A. H. Smith of Company A.
Peter Columbus of Company G.
Sergeants Wilson and Collins, having been promoted
to commissioned officers in the Eleventh Louisiana
Infantry Volunteers of African Descent, left our
regiment at Smith's plantation, Louisiana, on April
28,1863, and reported for duty at Richmond, La.
Lieutenant Collins resigned from the service at
Vicksburg. We learn that he performed a very brave
act when the captured ammunition and arsenal
supplies were piled upon the levee at Vicksburg and
about to take fire. He ran and carried, at great
personal risk to himself, enough of it beyond the
reach of the flames, to prevent its explosion. Frank
was a generous, brave, whole-souled man, and always
occupied a warm place in the hearts of his old
comrades. He died, we were informed, since the war,
in Kansas. He had a son, H. C. Collins, who was
second lieutenant of Company A, Forty-ninth United
States Colored Infantry.
After Wilson and Collins left the Fourth Regiment A.
L. Brown was detailed as commissary sergeant and J.
H. Thurston added the duties of quartermaster
sergeant to those he had before performed assisting
Lieutenant Donaldson, who was still acting as
regimental quartermaster in supplying the wants of
the regiment, by such foraging as could be procured
from the surrounding country. In this campaign the
duties of forager were performed in the highest
known science of the art. We would get a mule in one
place and a horse in another, putting them together
with string harness, and, hitched to vehicles of all
kinds, bring the produce to camp. The family
carriage would perhaps be filled with poultry, pigs
and a varied assortment of such plunder as the
country afforded. Our wagou train and camp equipage
were left behind at Smith's plantation, and some of
it joined us when we were at Hankinson's Ferry, on
the Big Black river. A. L. Brown left the regiment
in the rear of Vicksburg, about the eighth of June,
to assist in organizing the Twelfth Louisiana or
Fiftieth United States Colored Infantry. Joseph A.
Goding of Company B was assigned to duty as
quartermaster sergeant in the rear of Vicksburg
about the sixteenth of June. During that campaign
Lieut. J. H. Donaldson was relieved of duty as
acting regimental quartermaster by Lieut. D. M. G.
Murphy of Company G. We have no personal knowledge
of this department after that time, hut these
officers and those who succeeded them were all men
of good ability.
The names of the ten wagoners on the muster roll are
all that are a matter of record accessible to us.
While I was with the quartermaster's department, and
in fact up to the surrender of Vicksburg, I do not
remember of drawing whisky in bulk, as rations for
the regiment, except on one occasion, and that was
while we were at Farmington. A short time after we
arrived there Commissary Sergeant Wilson thought
that a little whisky would be a very good thing for
our men who were not as yet used to the exposures of
camp life and the duties we were then engaged in,
and proposed to make out a requisition. Lieutenant
Hunt approved of the experiment, but without
expecting to get the supplies. To our surprise,
however, the requisition received the necessary
approval, and we drew two-sevenths rations, or two
days' rations out of seven, aud went to Hamburgh
Landing and got five or seven barrels, which lasted
us, if my memory serves me correctly, until May
28th, when the last of it was issued to the men
while we were out in front of the enemy in the
trenches before Corinth.
The persons who had charge of the supply train of
the brigade or division were under the direct orders
of the quartermaster of the brigade or division and
subject to his removal at pleasure. They were called
the brigade or division wagonmasters, but had no
authority whatever over regimental wagonmasters or
their trains. These were under the orders of the
regimental quartermaster. Each regimental train
remained with the regiment, and on the line of
march, as a general rule, followed immediately
behind it or the brigade. There are those who
believe that the brigade and division wagonmasters
managed the various trains on the same principle
that commanders of brigades and divisions did the
troops, and that all orders for the moving of teams
or trains had to emanate from or pass through their
hands. In Covington's case, he was employed as
regimental wagonmaster, at a salary of sixty dollars
a month, was never sworn into the army and could
quit at any time. I do not know who employed him,
nor by what authority. The army regulations and
orders did not provide for the employment of a
civilian for these duties and no provision was made
in them for his payment. He informed me several
years ago that he never received any pay for his
services. He was a kind and obliging man, performed
his duty in a creditable manner, and was father to
B. F. Covington of Company A.
HISTORY OF THE REGIMENTAL
The band had three different sets of instruments. It
was composed of enlisted men detailed from the
different companies of the regiment. It was brigade
band, First Brigade, Third Division, for nine
months, was in all engagements with the regiment and
in many instances with guns in ranks, etc. Our band
was the one that led in the grand review in
Washington, before President Johnson, Generals
Grant, Sherman and other dignitaries. And it was one
of only a few which kept its organization from the
time of going out until returning to the state. It
received special mention from Generals Logan and
Sherman for gallant service performed at Allatoona.
MEMBERS OF THE BRASS BAND.
James K. Hubbard of Company F.
Charles P. Hubbard of Company F.
James Davis of Company K.
H. R. Marcyes of Company I.
W. S. Kimball of Company K.
W. W. Milhollln of Company K.
F. Brackelsberg of Company H.
Charles Scofield of Company F.
George Scofield of Company F.
L. Siebert of Company I.
W. P. Woolson of Company I.
O. H. Wiley of Company K.
John H. Thurston of Company C.
John C. Maag of Company H.
John Bursley of Company G.
G. W. Reinoehl of Company I.
F. L. Cutlar of Company F.
R. B. Laugdon of Company F.
T. Frank Sturtevant of Company F.
J. Niebles of Company E.
C. E. Rogers of Company I.
James S. Thomas of Company K.
W. Muziy of Company H.
John Frank of Companies K and B.
Charles F. Hellberg of Company A.
John W. Morse of Company C.
E. A. Whitcomb of Company K.
A. W. Clark of Company G.
J. H. Cronkhite of Company I.
Truman Booth of Company H.
Discharge, Etc. before Final Muster-Out.
Charles F. Hellberg of Company A, died of wounds
received at Allatoona.
John H. Thurston of Company C, transfered for
promotion to Forty-ninth United States Colored
James 8. Thomas of Company K, transferred to Invalid
James N. Hubbard of Company F, discharged May
Charles P. Hubbard of Company F, discharged Aug.
10,1863; died since war.
George Scofield of Company F, died at Paducah, Ky.
J. H. Cronkhite of Company I, discharged Dec. 21,
F. L. Cutlar of Company F, discharged Feb. 13, 1863.
C. E. Rogers of Company I, discharged Feb. 9, 1863.
W. W. Milhollin of Company K, discharged Jan. 20,
W. P. Woolson of Company I, discharged Jan. 19,
T. Frank Sturtevant of Company F, discharged Feb. 6,
1861, transferred for promotion as first lieutenant
Forty-ninth United Slates Colored Infantry.
Leonard Siebert of Company I, discharged, three
years service Dec. 26, 1864.
F. Brackelsberg of Company H, wounded at Allatoona,
Members Who Started Out And Returned With The Band
To The State
H. R. Marcyes. W. Muzzy. John Frank.
W. 8. Kimball. J. Niebles. Oscar H. Wiley.
The Hubbard brothers were the first leaders and
instructors of the band, and although they were
enlisted men and detailed from their company, they
received the same amount of pay as lieutenants, the
regimental fund being used, I believe, for that