Hennepin County, Minnesota

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Biographies "C"

Charles Sumner Cairns
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

Charles Sumner Cairns is a lawyer practicing his profession at Minneapolis. His ancestors on both sides of the family came to America from Great Britain before the Revolutionary war. His father's name was Robert Cairns and his mother's maiden name was Mary A. Haynes, one of whose paternal ancestor was Samuel Haynes, one of the nine founders of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. He came from England in 1635 in this ship "Angel Gabriel." Charles Summer Cairns was born July 4, 1856, on a farm near Duncan Falls, Muskingum County, Ohio. His early education was obtained in the common schools of that county, after which he entered Muskingum College, at New Concord, Ohio, where he graduated in a classical course in 1876. He took a law course in the University of Michigan, graduating in 1882, and for some time thereafter he continued to read law in the office of Roby, Outten & Vail, at Decatur, Illinois. In 1883 he came to Minneapolis and opened a law office with D. S. Frackelton. After the dissolution of that partnership he continued business by himself until 1895, when he entered the firm of Fletcher, Cairns & Rockwood. Mr. Cairns is a Republican and takes an active interest in local and state politics. He was elected to the lower house of the state legislature and served in the session of 1893. He also has served the Republicans as a member of campaign committees and has taken a leading part in the management of public affairs in his own city. When the state census of 1895 was taken Mr. Cairns was made chairman of the citizens' committee, appointed to look after the interests of the city in that connection, and performed the duties imposed upon him with such success as to meet with the hearty approval and commendation of his fellow citizens. Mr. Cairns is a man of high character and his appointment at the head of that committee was a guarantee that the work would be done fairly and honestly. At the same time it was prosecuted with vigor and intelligence, and it is due to his effort that the census of 1895 was regarded as the most reliable ever taken in the city. He is a member and first vice president of the Union League, a member of the Board of Trade and also of the Commercial Club. His church membership is with Westminster Presbyterian church, of which society he is one of the deacons. His wife is a daughter of Isaac Shellabarger, of Decatur, Illinois, to whom he was married October 30, 1884. Her maiden name was Frances V. Shellabarger.

Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Renae Donaldson

CAIRNS Charles Sumner, Minneapolis. Res 1410 Yale pl, office 701 Loan & Trust bldg. Lawyer. Born July 4, 1856 in Duncan Falls O, son of Robert and Mary A (Haynes) Cairns. Married Nov 30, 1884 to Frances I Shellabarger. Educated in common schools; graduated from Muskingum college New Concord O 1876; law dept Mich Univ 1882; practiced 1882-83; in Decatur Ill; moved to Minneapolis 1883 and has practiced to date. Was member of Minn Legislature 1893-95. Appointed by pres McKinley supervisor of Census 5th congressional dist 1900. Member American Bar Assn and Commercial Club.

John Frank Calderwood
Source: Progressive Men of Minnesota, (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

John Frank Calderwood - As city comptroller, auditor of the Twin City Rapid Transit Company, president of the Commercial Club, and a leader of the younger business men of the city, J. F. Calderwood has become, during the past eight or ten years, one of the best known men in Minneapolis. Mr. Calderwood was born in the town of Redford, near Detroit, Michigan, on May 27, 1859. His father, H. N. Calderwood, is a native of Scotland and was born and spent his boyhood days at Calderwoods Glen, forty miles from Edinburgh. He came to this country when fourteen years of age, and lived with his parents until his marriage, when he moved to Michigan. His wife was Miss Ellen Van Vaulkenburg, a native of Herkimer County, New York. They were married on March 18, 1855. Mrs. Calderwood died on February 20, 1896. Mr. Calderwood followed farming in Michigan until his son, John, was ten years of age, when he moved to Fenton, Genesee County, Michigan, where he still resides. John was the only child. He received his education at the public and high schools of Fenton, graduating from the latter institution on June 25, 1877. He was admitted to the University of Michigan but did not enter. For two years he taught a district school in northern Michigan, in the locality where nerve rather than education was the first element of success.

Subsequently he taught in the normal schools of Indiana for one year. But teaching did not suit Mr. Calderwood, as his natural bent was for business, and he went to Bay City to find some employment along the lines of his ambition. His first position was that of office boy with the lumber firm of T. H. McGraw & Co. With this house the young man had a chance to develop his abilities, and was so successful that before he was twenty-one years old he had become head bookkeeper for the firm, but with characteristic enthusiasm he overworked, and failing health led him to come to Minnesota. Upon his arrival in Minneapolis in October 1881, he secured a position as head bookkeeper and credit man with the carpet house of Folds & Griffith. Seven years of continuous service with this firm were only ended by Mr. Calderwood's election in November 1888, to the office of City Comptroller of Minneapolis. Mr. Calderwood brought to this position a thorough business experience and a mind admirably adapted to finance. It was something of a novelty for anyone but an active politician to seek such an office. But though the young man, previous to his nomination, was comparatively unknown, Mr. Calderwood's canvass was so energetic and his qualities were so generally recognized, that he received a larger majority than any other candidate on the Republican ticket. In this campaign he displayed an excellent executive ability, which did much to aid in his election. Upon taking up the duties of his office Mr. Calderwood at once made himself felt as a positive and aggressive factor in the city government. Under his administration the office of Comptroller became, not that of a bookkeeper, but rather that of financial adviser and director of the municipality. This sort of thing met with scant favor from the politicians who were in office for emoluments only, but it made Mr. Calderwood immensely popular in the city. He was re-nominated in 1890 without opposition, but the municipal elections being complicated with the national and state elections held at the same time, all Republican candidates for city offices were defeated in the general Democratic "land slide'' of that fall. Shortly after the close of his official term, Mr. Calderwood was offered the position of auditor of the Minneapolis Street Railway Company. In this position he has been remarkably successful. Its duties have been of the most engrossing nature, and, with his customary self-forgetfulness, Mr. Calderwood has frequently devoted double the usual business hours to the interests of the corporation. At the same time he has taken an active interest in the affairs of the city. He was one of the organizers of the Minneapolis Commercial Club, and for three years past has been its president. To his energy, influence and wise direction must be attributed the larger part of its success. Mr. Calderwood, with his wife and daughter, reside at the West Hotel in Minneapolis.

John Franklin Calhoun
Source: Progressive Men of Minnesota, (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

John Franklin Calhoun, a prominent broker of Minneapolis, comes of a very ancient Scotch family. The name of the original family in Scotland was spelled Colquhoun. The ancient family home was on the shores of Loch Lomond. The family possessions in Scotland date back to the time of Alexander H. of Scotland, in the Twelfth century, but the family is of much more ancient origin. Mr. Calhoun's great grandfather, David Calhoun, occupied a homestead of four hundred and twenty acres, which was a part of Braddock's battle field, near Pittsburgh, and is now a part of Homestead, Pennsylvania. David Calhoun served in the war of the Revolution. He was a member of Captain James Rogers' militia company, and of Colonel Timothy Greene's Hanover rifle battalion. During the Revolution he participated in many notable engagements, including the battle of Brandywine, the battle of Camden and the battle of Guilford Court House. He saw Lord Cornwallis deliver up his sword at Yorktown. When the war of 1812 broke out Mr. Calhoun, though then fifty-five years of age, enlisted with the Pennsylvania Volunteers under General Richard Crooks. On his mother's side, Mr. Calhoun also comes of Revolutionary stock. His mother's mother, Orpha Bingham, was the only daughter of Chester Bingham, who served in the Revolutionary War. Mr. Bingham was a descendant of Deacon Thomas Bingham, of Norwich, Connecticut, who married Mary Rudd on December 12, 1666. The wedding ceremony was performed by Governor John Winthrop, on the banks of a little rivulet, on the boundary line between Massachusetts and Connecticut, which was afterwards called Bride's Brook. The story of Bride's Brook became a matter of history, and it is said, in legal authority, has established the boundary line between the two states. The Bingham family is traced back for twenty generations, and is supposed to have been of Saxon origin. J. F. Calhoun is the son of David and Caroline Calhoun. He was born in Licking County, Ohio, on April 28, 1854. While he was still a small child his parents removed to Illinois, and the only schooling which he ever received was obtained at a little school house in Mercer County of that state. At the age of thirteen he left his home and went to the neighboring village of Keithsburgh, to which he walked barefooted with a straw hat on his head and not a cent in his pocket. After repeated applications for work he at last obtained employment as a printer's "devil" in the office of Theodore Glancey, publisher of the Keithsburgh Observer. This situation, which furnished him an income of three and one-half dollars a week, was broken up after a very few days, when the paper went into the hands of the sheriff. Young Calhoun next got employment in a carpenter shop, where he was employed in turning a grind stone, and remained in this position for eight months. He then went into a clothing store, and after a while obtained a better position in a large dry goods house, where he worked for eight years. When he left this position it was to engage in the mercantile business on his own account. In 1881 Mr. Calhoun moved to Minneapolis and engaged in loaning money on real estate. During the past fifteen years he has done a large business, both in buying and selling Minneapolis and Northwestern property and placing loans for Eastern clients. He has been identified with many of the enterprises of the city, and has taken a prominent place among the business men in his line. Mr. Calhoun was a member of the first Chamber of Commerce of Minneapolis. Since 1885 he has been a member of the Minneapolis Club and he has been a member of the Commercial Club since its organization. In the Masonic body he has been prominent, taking all of the degrees, including the Thirty-third, and last degree. He was married on January 20, 1879 at Galesburg, Illinois, to Miss Clara Zenora Edwards, daughter of the Hon. John Edwards, who was a member of the first Indiana legislature. They have three children, John Edwards, Frederic David and Beatrice Zenora.

Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Renae Donaldson

CALHOUN John Franklin, Minneapolis. 1762 Hennepin av, office 500 Oneida blk. Broker. Born April 28, 1854 in Licking county O, son of David and Caroline Calhoun. Married Jan 20, 1879 to Clara Zenora Edwards of Galesburg Ill. Attended country school Mercer county O. After various work as boy was employed in dry goods house Keithsburgh O 8 years; later in business for self; moved to Minneapolis 1881 and engaged in loaning money on real estate. Member first Chamber of Commerce Minneapolis, Commercial Club and Masonic fraternity.

Sherman W. Callender
Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Renae Donaldson

CALLENDER Sherman W, Minneapolis. Res 60 Highland av, office 113-115 6th st N. Wholesale fruits. Born Jan 7, 1867 in St Paul Minn. Son of John W and Ruth Amanda (Baker) Callender. Married Jan 3, 1897 to Effie M Hamburg. Educated in the public schools of Jordan Minn and business college Minneapolis. Employed in whol fruit trade 1885-93; whol seed business 1893-97; with Armour & Co Chicago 1897-99. Organized Callender-Vanderhoof & Co of which he is pres and gen mngr 1899, engaged in the whol fruit business.

Wallace Campbell
Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Renae Donaldson

CAMPBELL Wallace, Minneapolis. Res 407 Oak Grove st, office Peoples Bank. Banker. Born Sept 8, 1863 Waverly N Y, son of Solomon C and Mary Aurelia (Farwell) Campbell. Educated at high school corning N Y; Hamilton College 1883; Columbia College Law School 1885. Removed to Minneapolis 1886 and practiced law as member of the firm of Stryker & Campbell until 1901; v pres of banking house of Hill, Sonen & Co until 1898; v pres Northwestern Life Assn (now Northwestern Nat Life Insurance Co); and Minn Title and Trust Co until 1905; elected pres Peoples Bank and v pres New England Furniture and Carpet Co 1903. Confined his entire attention to Peoples Bank since 1905. Member of Minneapolis Commercial, Miltona and Automobile clubs.

Walter H. Campbell
Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Renae Donaldson

CAMPBELL Walter H, Minneapolis. Res 7 W 25th st, office 201 Oneida blk. Lawyer. Born Oct 2, 1875 in Detroit Mich, son of George G S and Mary J (Anscomb) Campbell. Married Sept 27, 1905 to Elva MacKusick. Educated in common and high schools Alexandria Minn; graduated from U of M 1895; law dept 1896; admitted to bar 1896; employed in offices of John B and EP Sanborn St Paul until 1897; engaged in law reporting until 1899; in railroad work until 1902; began law practice in Minneapolis 1902 and has continued to date.

Thomas Canty
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

Thomas Canty is associate justice of the Supreme Court of Minnesota, and a notable example of a self-made man. Thomas Canty is of Irish ancestry. His parents were Jeremiah Canty and Anna Stanton (Canty). They were both born in the county of Kerry, Ireland, but met and married in London. Thomas Canty, father of Jeremiah, was a well-to-do farmer fifty years ago, but somewhat extravagant, and during the famine of 1848 he became impoverished. The family scattered and Jeremiah left for London in search of his fortune. Thomas, the subject of this sketch, was born in London, April 24, 1854, and came to America with his parents when but two years of age. His father was a laborer and settled first at Detroit, Michigan, then removed to Lodi, Wisconsin, to Clayton County, Iowa, and finally purchased a farm near Monona, Iowa, where he died when Thomas, his eldest son, was twenty years of age, leaving a widow and seven children. Thomas attended school regularly until he was nine years of age, and was a very apt pupil. After that he was only able to attend school a few months each winter. The teachers were generally incompetent, but Thomas was ambitious and pursued his studies with great success, and with a preference for mathematics. In the spring of 1869, at the age of fifteen, he passed the examination and received a first grade certificate to teach school in Clayton County, Iowa. When he was but thirteen a dispute arose with regard to the rent his father should pay for the farm he occupied, and it was agreed that the farm should be surveyed. Thomas found an error in the surveyor's figures, walked fourteen miles through a snow storm to the house of the surveyor, had the error corrected, saved his father sixty dollars, and prevented a law suit. His mother wanted him to be blacksmith and insisted that he learn some trade. He was determined to be a lawyer. In 1872 he went South determined to find suitable position as teacher and landed penniless and friendless at Carbondale, Illinois, where he worked sixteen hours a day driving a mule used in pulling buckets out of a coals shaft. In this way he earned money enough to take him to Texas. There he taught school for four years, in the meantime applying himself diligently to his studies, and although unable to take a college course, he thus acquired substantially the same advancement which a college training would have given him. In the meantime his physical strength had been exhausted, his father had died and he went back to the Iowa farm to regain his health and help his mother take care of the family. He remained on the farm two years devoting all his spare time to the study of law. Owing to crop failures debts had accumulated which he assumed. He defeated a graduate if Harvard and another of the University of Wisconsin for a position as principal of a high school, took his earnings and paid a thousand dollars of his debt and got an extension of time on the balance. In the spring of 1880 he went to Grand Forks, Dakota, to practice law, but, not satisfied with the outlook, he returned October 1, of the same year, to Minneapolis, and entered the law office of Seagrave Smith and was admitted to the bar the following February. He was so poor that he was obliged to board himself, but his indomitable will carried him through. His first case was a contest over the title to a tract of land near Lake Minnetonka which had been lost by two prominent attorneys, but he took up a new line of defense and won his case. Another notable series of cases was that of the employes of the contractors engaged in opening Sixth avenue North. In this case he had arrayed against him fourteen able lawyers, but Mr. Canty won every case. He defended the appeals to the district court and again in the supreme court, but he was successful in every instance. At the time of the street car strike in 1889 he won distinction and popular applause by his successful resistance of the action of the municipal court in sentencing men to the work house whom he claimed were in no way connected with the strike. He took the men under sentence out of jail on writs of habeas corpus, carried their cases to the district court, argued them before Judge Smith and secured their release. Judge Canty was a Republican until recent years and aggressive in his defense of Republican principles, but the developments during Grant's second term cooled his enthusiasm considerably. His first vote was cast for the Hayes electors, but he never approved of the decision of the electoral commission, doubted Hayes' election and was particularly displeased with the action of the commission in refusing to go thoroughly into the evidence. He continued to vote the Republican ticket, however, on state and national matters until the passage of the McKinley bill. In local politics he was always independent. In the fall of 1890 Mr. Canty was nominated by the Democratic party for judge of the district court in Hennepin County. Up to that time he had never been a candidate for or held any public office. He was elected and held that office for three years. On July 14, 1892, he was nominated for associate justice of the Supreme Court by the People's Party of Minnesota, and was also nominated for the same office by the democratic party on the next third day of August, and was elected. He entered upon the discharge of his duties in that enviable and honorable position the first of January, 1894. His record on the district bench was that of a careful, painstaking, able jurist, and since his elevation to the higher office of the supreme bench he has sustained himself in that regard and justified the highest expectations of his friends. Judge Canty is a member of the Order of Odd Fellows, is a thirty-second degree Mason and a Shriner. He has never married.

Another Source:
[Source: Encyclopedia of Biography of Minnesota, History of Minnesota by Judge Charles E. Flandreau, 1900, transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman]

Judge Thomas Canty, of Minneapolis, was born in the city of London, April 25, 1854, of Irish ancestry on both sides. His father, Jeremiah Canty, and his mother, whose maiden name was Anna Stanton, were both natives of the County Kerry, in the Emerald Isle. His paternal grandfather, Thomas Canty, from whom he was named, was at one time a well-to-do Irish farmer; but the sore famine of 1848 impoverished him, as it did many others, and the children were forced to go abroad. Jeremiah went to London, and here, while in humble but honorable service, he met Anna Stanton, another fugitive from the famine, and married her. In 1856, Jeremiah Canty came, with his family, to the United States, settling in Detroit. Subsequently he lived at Lodi, Wisconsin; in Clayton county. Iowa, and finally he purchased and settled on a farm in Monona, Iowa, and here he died in 1874, leaving a distressed widow with seven children. Jeremiah Canty, though poor, was honest, industrious, bore a good name, and was at all times desirous of the welfare of his family. He kept his children in the public schools when he could, and his son Thomas was an apt and precocious pupil. But after he was nine years of age, the boy had to assist his father, and could attend school only a few months each winter. But he was bright, ambitious and industrious, and spent all his spare time with his books. He became a good scholar for a lad of his years, and was especially proficient in mathematics. When he was but thirteen years of age, there was a controversy between his father and the owner of the land on which he was a tenant, in regard to the amount of the rent that ought to be paid. The point in dispute was as to the area of the land occupied, and it was agreed that the farm should be surveyed. Thomas, in his examination of the surveyor's figures, found a big error in them, and at once setting out, he walked fourteen miles through a snowstorm to the surveyor's house and had the mistake corrected. As the result he saved his father sixty dollars and prevented a law-suit. When he was but a boy, he selected his future vocation. His good mother, a woman of a practical turn of mind, noted that the boy was "handy with tools," and wanted him to become a blacksmith - a calling for which his stout physique seemed to adapt him - but Thomas always insisted that he intended to be a lawyer. When he was but fifteen, he passed a thorough examination in Clayton county, Iowa, and received a teacher's first-class certificate, allowing him to teach in the public schools of the county, but, of course, so young a boy could not get a position. He was not discouraged, but in the intervals between his hours of hard work, kept up his studies, mastering everything he attempted. In 1872, at the age of eighteen, he left the humble family homestead and set out for the South, where he hoped to find a position as teacher. He had but little money, and when he reached Carbondale, a coal-mining town in Southern Illinois, he found himself penniless and friendless. Luckily he secured a job, even though it involved working sixteen hours a day, and driving a refractory mule - the motive power of a machine employed in hoisting the laden buckets out of a coal shaft. At this work he earned enough money to take him to Texas. He taught school in the Lone Star State for four years, in the meantime keeping up his studies and applying himself so diligently that he secured a better education than the average college course would have given him. Meanwhile his father died, and the faithful son went back In the Iowa farm, to help his mother take care of the family. He worked hard on the farm for two years, and now began to employ his spare time in the study of law. There were crop failures, and other disasters, and debts accumulated on the farm. These debts young Canty assumed as his personal obligations. He was determined to pay them, but was just as determined not to pay them out of the "profits" of farming. In a contest for the position of principal of a high school, which paid a good salary, this self-taught young man defeated two college graduates, one of Harvard and the other of the University of Wisconsin. Out of his first year's earnings he paid a thousand dollars of his debts, and easily obtained an extension of tin n the balance, which he subsequently paid. His private study of law became so extended that in the spring of 1880 he concluded to go to Dakota, then a Territory, and engage in the practice. He went to Grand Forks, but did not like the situation; whereupon he came to Minneapolis, and on the 1st of October, entered the law office of Hon. Seagrave Smith, and was admitted to the bar in February following. The city was full of lawyers, many of them long established, of wide reputation, and of eminence in the profession. He was young, inexperienced, unknown, and so poor that for some time he was obliged to keep "bachelor's hall," or board himself. But very soon he was on the high-road to success, for in law, as in nature, the fittest survive and rise. His first case was a contest over the title to a tract of land near Lake Minnetonka, which had been lost by two prominent attorneys. Canty reopened the case, adopted a new line of defense, and won his cause. This success gave him a reputation, and other business followed, so that he was soon actively engaged, and had no time to cook his own meals. A notable series of cases which he won and which attracted public attention, were those of certain employes against the contractors engaged in opening Sixth avenue, north. Fourteen able lawyers were against him, but he won every case. The cases were carried to the Supreme Court, where Mr. Canty won every fight. He came rapidly into local distinction as one who knew the law and how to try a case. At the time of a noted strike among the street car employes of Minneapolis, he won great reputation and popular favor, especially among the winking people, by his successful resistance of the action of the municipal court in sentencing to the workhouse certain men who had been convicted of unlawful conduct during the strike, but who, he claimed, were entirely innocent. He took these men out of jail by that sublime measure born of American liberty, the habeas corpus, carried their cases before the District Court, and secured their release. The working people, always grateful for the services of a friend, came to have an opportunity of rewarding their champion The next year, and they did mil let it pass. Judge Canty was a Republican until after the passage of the McKinley high tariff bill, in 1890. His first vote was cast for the Hayes and Wheeler electors in 1876, but he has never believed that they were fairly elected. In local politics he was always independent, and voted for those he believed to be the best men. He had taken some interest in politics, but was best known as a sound lawyer of a judicial bent, and was very popular personally throughout the city. His public renunciation of the Republican party, in the summer of 1890, created something of a sensation. The next fall, the Democrats, then in a hopeless minority in Minneapolis, nominated him for one of the District Court Judges of Hennepin county, and he was elected for a term of six years. Judge Canty's record on the District Bench was that of a careful, painstaking and efficient jurist, and here he won the reputation which made him a Judge of the State Supreme Court. In the latter eminent position, he has further distinguished himself. Some of his opinions have become established authorities upon original propositions and are much cited. He wrote the opinion of the court in the cause celebre, entitled Stevenson vs. The Great Northern Railway Company (69 Minn. Rep., 358; 72 N. W. Rep., 713), decided in October, 1897, and the authorship of this opinion would alone make any man famous. The ablest and most astute attorneys of the Northwest argued this case. Judge Canty's opinion, while elaborate and exhaustive, so as to cover the entire ground, was invaluable to the people and an unassailable exposition of the law. It fixed the status of the State Railroad Commission as an authority to be obeyed and respected, and laid down certain principles to be observed in the regulation of railway charges, which must prove of lasting benefit to the Commonwealth. In 1898 Judge Canty was the candidate of the Democratic and People's parties of the State for re-election, but he and his learned and able Democratic associates. Judges Mitchell and Buck, were defeated by the Republican nominees, although Judge Canty ran several thousand votes ahead of his ticket, not including its head. Although a bachelor. Judge Canty is well known socially, and has hosts of warm personal friends. He has attained the thirty-second degree, Scottish Rite Mason, and is a Mystic Shriner. He is a member of the Odd Fellows and of the order of Elks. His integrity and uprightness as a man have never been questioned, and he has a good name, which is better than riches.

Robert G. Cargill
Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Renae Donaldson

CARGILL Robert G, Minneapolis. Res 2617 Cortland st, office 318 Flour Exchange. Grain merchant. Born Oct 31, 1877 at Northwood Ia, son of S S and Elizabeth (Murphy) Cargill. Married May 29, 1902 to Fidelia Burnell. Attended the public schools in Minneapolis; St John's Military School Manilus N Y; Macalester College St Paul 2 years; U of M 1 year. In employ of Victoria Elevator Co as office boy and clk until 1902; sec and dir 1902 to date. Member Delta Tau college fraternity; Roosevelt Club St Paul.

Frank Henry Carleton
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis, The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

Frank Henry Carleton is a lawyer in Minneapolis, a member of the firm of Cross, Hicks, Carleton & Cross. He was born October 8, 1849, at Newport, N. H. His ancestry on his father's side was English, and the family line is traced back to Sir Guy Carleton. On his mother's side his descent is also from English stock, going back to Joseph French, a leading citizen of Salisbury, Mass., of a generation prior to the War of the Revolution. Frank Henry is the son of Henry G. Carleton, now and for many years president of the Savings Bank at Newport, N. H. For forty years he was one of the editors of the New Hampshire Argus and Spectator. He was for many years one of the leading Democratic editors of New Hampshire, and a personal friend of John P. Hale and Franklin Pierce. He has now retired from active business and is in good financial circumstances. He has served as a member of the legislature of the State of New Hampshire, has been register of probate, and has filled other important public positions. The subject of this sketch was educated in the common schools of Newport, and prepared for college at Kimball Union Academy, at Meriden, New Hampshire, where he graduated in June 1868. He then entered Dartmouth College and completed the course there with the class of 1872. He took the first prize for English composition during the senior year and wrote the class ode for Commencement Day. During his academic and college days he was obliged to absent himself at different times while he was engaged as a teacher, and in 1870 he was for a time principal of an academy for white pupils in Mississippi. Mr. Carleton also varied his experience by assuming the duties of city editor of the Manchester Daily Union, after his graduation from college, which position he held for several months. He then decided to carry out an early plan to seek a location in the West and accordingly came to Minneapolis where he was engaged as a reporter for the Minneapolis News, then edited by George K. Shaw. This position he held for several months at the same time serving as Minneapolis correspondent for the St. Paul Press. Subsequently he was appointed city editor of the St. Paul Daily Press under Mr. Wheelock. After a year's service on the St. Paul Press, Mr. Carleton determined to carry out his original plan of preparing for the practice of law and accordingly commenced his study for that purpose in the office of Cushman K. Davis and C. D. O'Brien. While pursuing his studies he served as clerk of the municipal court of St. Paul, and after holding this position for five years he resigned owing to ill-health and took a six months trip to Europe. On his return from Europe he was appointed secretary of Governor John S. Pillsbury, and rendered important services in connection with the settlement of the repudiated Minnesota railroad bonds. For several years he was the Minnesota correspondent of the Chicago Inter-Ocean and the New York Times. In 1882 he removed to Minneapolis and formed a legal partnership with Judge Henry G. Hicks and Capt. Judson N. Cross. These legal relations still exist, the only change being the addition of Norton M. Cross, the son of Capt. Cross. From 1883 to 1887 Mr. Carleton was assistant city attorney of Minneapolis. These were important times in the history of the city, bringing into active operation the principle of the "patrol limits," and witnessing the inauguration of important litigation in the interests of the city. Mr. Carleton and the firm with which he is connected has a large and varied practice in real estate law, probate law and financial adjustments in which it has had much experience. In politics he is a Republican, although not an active participator in party affairs, preferring to devote his leisure time to scientific research and literary pursuits. Mr. Carleton is a Mason and a member and one of the trustees of the Park Avenue Congregational Church, and is one of the directors of the Minnesota Home Mission Society. In 1881 he was married to Ellen Jones, the only daughter of the late Judge Edwin S. Jones, of Minneapolis. They have had five children, Edwin Jones, Henry Guy, George Pillsbury, Charles Pillsbury, who died in infancy, and Frank H. Mr. Carleton is a lover of nature, a great cultivator of flowers, an enthusiastic angler, and much given to the pursuit of this fascinating sport in the picturesque regions of this generally celebrated fishing ground of northern Minnesota.

Walter N. Carroll
Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Renae Donaldson

CARROLL Walter N, Minneapolis. Res 2000 S Irving av, office 510 Security Bank bldg. Lawyer. Born Oct 10, 1863 in Philadelphia Pa, son of T N and Hannah (Clarke) Carroll. Married Elizabeth Brownell June 1, 1895. Attended public schools in Philadelphia and at Village Creek Ia; U of M, LL B 1895; LL M 1896; D C L 1902; ex-pres Law alumni assn. Was cashier of the Bank of De Smet S D and its successor the First National Bank of De Smet 1882-87; had charge of the voluntary liquidation of the Twin City National Bank of new Brighton Minn 1890-92; was assignee of the Citizens' Bank of Minneapolis and later receiver in the action to enforce stockholders' liability of that institution 1893-99. Has practiced law 1890 to date. Member American Bar Assn; Minn State Bar Assn; Minneapolis Commercial Club; Home Protection League; National Municipal League; American Civic Assn; U of M alumni Assn. Ex-pres Minn Congregational Club.

Charles Merritt Case
Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Renae Donaldson

CASE Charles Merritt, Minneapolis. Res 2118 Pillsbury av, office 54 Chamber of Commerce. Grain elevators. Born Sept 22, 1870 in Minneapolis, son of C W and Julia (Pratt) Case. Married May 28, 1902 to Helen Janney. Graduated from Shattuck Military School Faribault 1888; Lehigh Univ B S 1892; post graduate Lehigh E M 1893. Treas Atlantic Elevator Co; Homestead Elevator Co; Royal Elevator Co and George C Bagley Elevator Co; Member Whallon, Case & Co stock and grain brokers 1900 to date. Member Am Inst Mining Engineers; Loyal Legion; Minneapolis. Minikahda and Lafayette clubs Minneapolis.

Frank H. Castner
Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Renae Donaldson

CASTNER Frank H, Minneapolis. Res 2616 Taylor st N e, office 715 Temple court. Lawyer. Born June 12, 1862 in Bureau county Ill, son of S M and Mary (Hildebrandt) Castner. Married Minnie E Van Valkenberg. Attended graded schools at Iowa City, Le Claire and Stuart Ia until 17 years old; Minneapolis Academy 1879-81; law dept U of M 2 years graduating in; 1893. Practice law 1893 to date. Alderman 9th Ward Minneapolis 1905 to date. Member Masonic fraternity, I O O F, United Workmen United Foresters, Modern woodmen, and the East Side Commercial Club Minneapolis.

Hon. Charles L. Catlin
Commemorative Biographical Record of the Upper Lake Region (1905) transcribed by Nina Kramer

No record of this character would be complete without a suitable tribute to the memory of this useful and honored citizen of Superior whose death occurred at Minneapolis June 14, 1901. He was a citizen of Superior for nearly a score of years, during which time his influence was plainly marked upon the material, social and political interest of that city, and its citizens felt that his death was a public calamity.

Mr. Catlin was born at Great Bend, Susquehanna Co., Pa., Feb. 26, 1842. His father, Francis P. Catlin, came to Wisconsin in 1845, and subsequently served for some time as register of the land office at Hudson. He was a brother of George Catlin, the distinguished artist, whose famous Indian Gallery is preserved in the Smithsonian Institute at Washington D.C. The Catlin family is one of ancient lineage, and among its members are many distinguished persons of past and present times. Among the earliest known of these is Reynold de Catlin, a follower of William the Conqueror, whose name is mentioned in the Doomsday Book. In the time of Queen Elizabeth, Sir Robert Catlin was Lord Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench. Members of the family came to New England as early as 1644, and Eli Catlin commanded a company in the Second Regiment from Connecticut in the Continental troops, while his son, Putnam, was fife major of the same regiment. Eli Catlin was the grandfather of Francis P. Catlin, and was a native of Litchfield, Conn. After the Revolution he became a prominent attorney at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.

Charles L. Catlin came with his parents to Wisconsin, and acquired his early education in the public schools of Hudson. During the session of 1861 he served as a page in the State Legislature, and in November of the same year enlisted in Company D, 2d Wisconsin Cavalry. After doing duty at the front for two years he was detailed as a chief clerk of the draft-rendezvous at Madison, and subsequently became connected with the adjutant-general's office at Washington, continuing in the military service until after the close of hostilities. In 1867 he was graduated from the Columbia College of law, and was admitted to practice in the State and United States courts, and in 1888 to the Supreme court of the United States. He was private secretary to Caleb Cushing for two years, and altogether became quite familiar with public affairs at Washington. He returned to Hudson in 1876 and practiced law there for almost five years. For a year or two more he was an assistant of Hon. John C. Spooner, then general solicitor for the Omaha Railroad Company at St. Paul, and in 1884 he located in what was then the frontier village of Superior, becoming attorney for the Omaha Railroad Company and the Land and River Improvement Company. He spent the following winter in Washington in the interest of that concern which derived much benefit from his experience and acquaintance at the seat of government. I the spring of 1885 he became a member of the law firm of Catlin & Butler, which afterward became Catlin, Butler & Lyons, his relation with this firm continuing during the balance of his life, each of the partners being well known in the legal and social circles of northern Wisconsin.

Mr. Catlin's public spirit and benevolent character were manifested in many ways. He secured the right-of-way into Superior for the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha railroad, was interested in several of the leading building enterprises of the city, and was one of the organizers of the Bank of Commerce, and president of that corporation for several years. Mr. Catli was instrumental in securing a second drawbridge on the Wisconsin side of St. Louis Bay. In 1898 he represented his district in the General Assembly of the State. In every public position he was called to fill he strove to serve the best interests of the public, he attracted a host of the warmest personal friends, who can testify to his many generous, manly actions in private life.

Fraternally Mr. Catlin was connected with the Masonic order, having been the first eminent commander of Superior Commandery, No. 25, K.T., which organization took charge of his funeral. He also belonged to the G.A.R. He was reared in the Presbyterian faith, but in recent years had become a Christian Scientist.

Mrs. Catlin was formerly Miss Mildred Perry, and three of her sons make their home with her in Minneapolis. She is a daughter of George W. Perry, one of the pioneer lawyers of Superior.

Gibson Allan Chaffee
Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CHAFFEE Gibson Allan, St. Paul Res 1942 Carroll St, office 210-214 N 1st St Minneapolis. Jobber and manufacturer. Born Jan 31, 1866 in Hastings Minn. Son of Sylvester Aaron and Plantina O Chaffee. Educated in the public schools at Mansfield O. Stock clk Wilson & Rogers St Paul 1882-84: trav salesman Rogers & Ordway 1884-94: asst mngr Crane & Ordway Co St Paul 1894-98; mng The Plumbing & Steamfitting Supplies Co Minnespolis 1898 to date; dir Globe Iron Works Co Menominee Wis; v pres Chaffe Bros Carrington N Dak; fruit grower and breeder of Jersey cattle and Shetland ponies. Member Commercial Club Minneapolis.

Francis A. Chamberlain
Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CHAMBERLAIN Francis A. Minneapolis. Res 1758 Hennepin av. Office Security Bank bldg. Banker. Born April 20, 1855 in Bangor Me. Son of James T and Caroline (Emery) Chamberlain. Married May 23, 1883. Attended common and high schools in Red Wing Minn and U of M. Began business as a clerk in the old Merchants National Bank; with Security Bank of Minnesota 1880; in banking business continuously to date; pres Security Bank of Minnesota; dir Minnesota Loan & Trust Co; trustee Hennepin County Savings Bank; dir Minneapolis Atheneum. Member Minneapolis, Commercial, Minikahda and Lafayette clubs.

Charles E. Chase
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CHASE Charles E. Anoka. Mnfr. Born May 14, 1846 in Lincoln Me son of Peter M and Mary (Cole) Chase. Married May 27, 1876 to Lena Giddings. Educated in common schools Lincoln Me. In general merchandise business until 1870; same in Minneapolis 1870-1872; moved to Anoka 1872 and engaged in merchandise business; later in lumber business; was one of the organizers of Reed & Sherwood Mnfg Co and is v pres of same.

Louise L. Chase
American Women Fifteen Hundred Biographies Vol. 1, by Frances Elizabeth Willard & Mary Ashton Rice Livermore, Publ. 1897. Transcribed by Marla Snow
CHASE, Mrs. Louise L., born in Warren, Mass., 2nd September, 1840. She is a daughter of Samuel and Mary Bond. Soon after her birth her parents moved to Brimfield, Mass., where she received her education, entering the Hitchcock free high school at the age of thirteen. Her attendance in that school was interrupted by a temporary residence in Columbia, Conn., where she attended a private school. She returned to Brimfield and finished her course at the age of sixteen. In 1857 she took up her residence in Lebanon, Conn., and there became the wife, in 1861, of Alfred W. Chase, a native of Bristol, R. I. Mr. and Mrs. Chase soon removed to Brooklyn, Conn., and in 1887 to Middletown, R. I., the home of Mr. Chase's family, where they still reside. In 1885 she was elected president of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union of Middletown, and in that way became prominent in the work. She was elected State vice-president of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and at about the same time State superintendent of the department of Sabbath observance. In 1886 she represented the State in the National Convention in Minneapolis, Minn. She was elected in 1891 State superintendent of scientific temperance instruction in schools.

Walter S. Chase
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger 

CHASE Walter S., St Paul. Res 963 Bayless av. Office 848 Security Bank bldg Minneapolis.  Lawyer.  Born Aug 2, 1878 in St Paul, son of Charles W and Sarah A (Scott) Chase.  Married June 30, 1904 to Cora M Bohm; educated high school St Paul; graduated from U of M law dept LL B 1901.  Has been engaged in the practice of his profession in Minneapolis since graduation.

Edward Crane Chatfield
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CHATFIELD Edward Crane, Minneapolis. Res 613 Fulton st. office 532 Boston blk. Lawyer. Born Oct 24, 1849 in Sharon Center O. son of William and Ruth Ann (Crane) Chatfield. Married May 13, 1884 to Carrie E Secombe. Graduated from U of M B S 1874; from law school Ia State Univ LL B 1877. Began practice of law in Minneapolis as member of firm of Chatfield & Johnson 1877-1879; practiced alone to date. Member Minneapolis city council 2 terms; pres Art Commission city of Minneapolis. Member Minneapolis Club.

James Albee Chesley
Source: COMPENDIUM OF HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY. Transcribed by Carol Eppright.

JAMES ALBEE CHESLEY, a pioneer business man of Fargo, successfully engaged in the lumber tade, was born at Mancton, New Brunswick, Canada, January 24, 1851, and is a son of Robert A. and H. Elizabeth (Albee) Chesley, natives of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, respectively. The father, who was a Methodist Episcopalian minister, spent his entire in Canada, as did also the grandfather, Samuel Chesley, who was a farmer of Nova Scotia. The great-grandfather, Samuel Chesley, St., was born in New Hampshire and removed to Nova Scotia in 1758.

Our subject was reared in Nova Scotia, and after attending the common schools for some years because a student in Mount Allison college. In 1869 he went to Minneapolis, Minnesota, where for ten years he was employed as bookkeeper by the lumber firm of Farnham & Lovejoy. Coming to Fargo, North Dakota, in 1879, he opened a lumber yard of his own. Later Frank L. Lovejoy was interested in the business for a few years, but since 1886, Mr. Chesley has been alone in the business. By fair and honorable dealing he has built up an excellent trade, and is now the oldest retail lumber dealer in the city. He is also president of the North Dakota Anchor Fence company, which was organized in 1897, and is interested in farming to some extent. In business affairs he is energetic, prompt and notably reliable, and commands the respect and confidence of all with whom he comes in contact. Socially he is a Mason and politically a Republican, but has never cared for the honors or emoluments of public office. A portrait of Mr. Chesley appears on another page.

In 1876 was celebrated, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the marriage of Mr. Chesley and Miss Emma F. Jones, a native of Maine, and daughter of W. E. and Mary J. (Adams) Jones, and to them have been born four children, namely: Mary E., Eva J., Julia A. and Samuel L., all living.

Sampson Reed Child
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CHILD Sampson Reed, Minneapolis. Res 914 Kenwood Parkway, office Lumber Exchange. Lawyer. Born Sept 22, 1861 in Paris Me, son of Lewis W and Emily (Reed) Child. Married in 1884 to Alice Webber of Rumford Me. Educated in common schools and academy of North Bridgton Me; graduated from Bowdoin College A B 1884. Studied law in Minneapolis in office of Judge Seagrane Smith and S A Reed; was admitted to bar 1886. Practiced alone until 1894; then member firm of Child & Fryberger until 1898; has practiced alone 1898 to date. Member 1st Regt M N G 1889-94; first Minneapolis Charter Commission; American State and Hennepin County Bar assns; Academy of Natural Science Minneapolis; pres Minn Unitarian Conference.

Clarence Herbert Childs
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CHILDS Clarence Herbert, Minneapolis. Res 1925 Queen av S. office 619 N Y Life bldg. Lawyer. Born Aug 19, 1858 in Tipton, Cedar county Ia, son of Eugene and Caroline (Scarborough). Educated in high school Ft Dodge Ia 1876; graduated U of M Ph D 1882. Read law with James D Springer gen sol of M & St L Ry and has acted as examiner for Hennepin county under the Torrens law since 1901. V pres and atty of State Institution for Savings; dir Minneapolis and Manitoba R R Co. Member of Minikahda and Six O'Clock clubs.

Augustus B. Choate
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CHOATE Augustus B. Minneapolis Res 429 Church st, office 710 Temple court. Lawyer. Born in Ohio, son of Isaiah M and Minerva (Bell) Choate. Married in 1904 to Grace Elizabeth Gray. Came to Minnesota when 3 years old; reared on a farm and attended country public schools at Kedron Minn until 20; high school at Spring Valley Minn several terms Winona Normal School 1876-78 graduating; studied law in office of Benton & Roberts Minneapolis 1880-81; entered Union College of Law Chicago 1882; graduated B L 1883. Taught school from 1876-80 while working his way through schools and college. Practiced law at Excelsior Minn 1883-86; in Minneapolis 1886 to date; member of Choate & Merrill lawyers 1891-98; alone in practice since 1898. Pres Minneapolis Bar Library Assn one term. Member Masonic order. Blue Lodge Minneapolis No 19 Ark Chapter. Knights Templar and Shrine; St Anthony Commercial Club Minneapolis; Minneapolis Bar Library Assn.

James William Christie
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CHRISTIE James William. Minneapolis. Res 3210 2d av S, office n W telephone bldg. Telephone official. Born April 12, 1863 in Plymouth mass. Son of Alexander and Catherine Isabel Christie. Married April 8, 1885 to Carolyn Richmond Johnson. Attended public schools of Plymouth Mass. After leaving school was with R Warner & Co wholesale woodenware Boston until 1884; came to Minneapolis 1884; with N W telephone Co Minneapolis 1884 to date; gen supt several years; appointed treas July 1906. Dir and treas Albert Lea Telephone co; treas Minn Central Telephone Co; asst treas Mesab Telephone Co; treas Willmar Telephone Co. Member Commercial Club Minneapolis.

Frederick Butterfield Chute
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CHUTE Frederick Butterfield, Minneapolis. Res 1024 University av S E, office 7 University av N E. Lawyer. Born Dec 21, 1872 in Minneapolis Minn. Son of Samuel Hewes and Helen Editha Amelia (Day) Chute. Instructed by private tutor; attended business college and graduated from Notre Dame College Ind LL B 1892; studied law 1 year at Notre Dame; finished at U of M, LL B 1895; LL M 1896. Has practiced law in Minneapolis 1895 to date. Second v pres and sec Chute Realty Co Minneapolis; sec Chute Bros Co and St Anthony Improvement Co Minneapolis. 1st lieut and regimental commissary M N G 2 years. Member Minneapolis Board of Education 1805 term of 6 years; Minneapolis and St Anthony Commercial clubs; Minikahda. Minnetonka Yacht and Minnetonka Boat clubs; Sons of American Revolution; Roosevelt Club.

Louis Prince Chute
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CHUTE Louis Prince, Minneapolis. Res 1024 University av S E, office 7 University av N E. Real estate and law. Born Oct 17, 1868 in Minneapolis, son of Samuel h and Helen E A (Day) Chute. Educated by private tutors; Archibald Business College; Notre Dame Univ Ind A B 1890. LL B 1892. Admitted to bar in Ind 1892;LL M from U of M 1893; same year admitted to bar in Minnesota. Practiced law in Minneapolis 1895 to date. Treas Chute Bros Co real estate; 1st v pres and treas Chute Realty Co; v pres Samuel h Chute Co; treas St Anthony Improvemnt Co. Member Minneapolis Commercial, St Anthony Commercial, Minikahda, Minnetonka Yacht and Minnetonka Boat clubs; Minnesota State Bar Assn; Hennepin County Bar Assn; Sons of American Revolution.

Richard Chute
[Source: Encyclopedia of Biography of Minnesota, History of Minnesota by Judge Charles E. Flandreau, 1900, transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman]

Richard Chute, deceased, a pioneer and one of the most active and prominent of the early business men of Minneapolis, was born at Cincinnati, September 23, 1820. His father was Rev. James Chute, a descendant of Alexander Chute, who lived in Taunton, England, as early as 1268. The family is of Norman origin, and in England would claim rank with those who came in with William the Conqueror. Members of the family emigrated to America in Colonial times, and were prominent figures in the early history of New England. Rev. James Chute was a native of Byfield, Massachusetts; was educated to the ministry of the Presbyterian Church; taught a private school in Cincinnati, removed to Columbus, Ohio, and afterwards, in 1831, to Fort Wayne, Indiana, where he died when Richard was fifteen years of age. His mother, Martha Hewes, was descended from Capt. Roger Clapp, who in 1664 commanded the "Castle," now Fort Independence, Boston Harbor. She died in Fort Wayne when Richard was about thirteen years of age. Richard was the oldest of a family of five children. All of his early education was received from his parents. At the age of twelve he entered the store of S. & H. Hanna & Co., and was employed by various firms until 1841, when he engaged as clerk with W. G. & G. W. Ewing, who were large buyers of furs and skins, dealing with various Indian tribes. In the conduct of this business he was sent by his employers, in 1844, to establish and build a post at Good Road's village, eight miles above Fort Snelling, on the Minnesota river. At that time he visited the Falls of St. Anthony, then almost in a state of nature, and was so impressed with the natural advantages of the location that, standing on the bank, he took off his hat and exclaimed: "Here is the site of a mighty city." The next year he became a partner with the Ewings under the firm name of Ewing, Chute & Company, and a few years later became interested in the fur business with P. Choteau, Jr., & Company. Though a trailer with the Indians, he took a deep interest in their welfare and civilization, and aided them in several negotiations with the government. He was present at Agency City, Iowa, in 1842, at the making of the treaty with the Sacs and Foxes tribe; and in 1840 was present, at Washington, with the Winnebagoes when they sold the "Neutral Ground," in Iowa; and in 1851 at Traverse des Sioux and Mendota, when the Sioux concluded the treaties which opened Minnesota to settlement. In 1851 Mr. Chute took an active part in the procuring of legislation that resulted in the government making treaties by which, in 1855, the Ottawas and Chippewas of Michigan exchanged their tribal lands west of the Mississippi for lands in severalty in Michigan, dissolving their tribal relations and becoming citizens of that State. The service was not official, but altogether voluntary and personal, and prompted solely by his interest in the welfare of the Indians. Mr. Chute married Miss Mary Eliza Young, at Fort Wayne. Indiana. February 28, 1850. She was born at Dayton, Ohio, and the only daughter of Rev. James and Olive (Hubbard) Young, both natives of New York. In 1854 Mr. Chute settled permanently in St. Anthony, and engaged in the real estate business. At that time the land on the east side of the Mississippi river at the Falls of St. Anthony, controlling the water power, was the property of Franklin Steele, of Fort Snelling, and other gentlemen. Mr. Chute, in connection with Mr. John S. Prince, of St. Paul, purchased of Mr. Steele a one eighth interest in the property. In 1856 the St. Anthony Falls Water Power Company was incorporated, and the property vested in it, and Mr. Chute became the agent of the company and manager of the property, continuing in that capacity until 1868, when he became president of the company, and continued as such until the sale of the property, in 1880, to Jas. J. Hill, of St. Paul, and others. Mr. Chute's brother. Dr. S. H. Chute, succeeded him as agent and manager, in 1868, when he became the president of the company. These twenty-five years were years of activity, of liberal expenditure, with hope long deferred, but finally crowned with the success which Mr. Chute's prophetic eye had foreseen, and his unflagging perseverance and tenacity of purpose had conspired to produce. The property became the center of an active community, and the nucleus and heart of a great city. Mr. Chute was the presiding genius and engaged actively in whatever seemed of promise to benefit the community and build it up, not only in material prosperity, but in religious and social life, in education, and in attractiveness and beauty as a place of residence. In the summer of 1856, with others, he expended a large amount of money which had been raised by the people, in clearing the channel of the Mississippi above Fort Snelling, to enable steamboats to navigate the river to Minneapolis. In November, 1856, he was requested by Henry M. Rice, then Territorial delegate to Congress, to go to Washington and aid in securing the passage of a railroad land grant bill, and after a long legislative contest, on the last day of the session, the bill was passed, which resulted in the building of 1,400 miles of railroad in the State of Minnesota. Mr. Chute was made a charter director in several of the railroad companies, and spent much time in promoting them, especially the present Great Northern system, he also united with other enterprising citizens in organizing a Union Board of Trade, in which he was for many years a director and its first president. In this service he introduced the system of boulevarding the streets, and the system of numbering streets and houses, by which their location is so readily comprehended, and it was he who, in 1858, purchased 3,300 shade trees and had them set out along the street lines, which has added so much to the comfort and beauty of Minneapolis. Upon the opening of the land office in Minneapolis, Mr. Chute, in company with Mr. H. G. O. Morrison, entered fifteen hundred acres of land. In 1862 he was appointed by Governor Ramsey special quartermaster for troops ordered to Fort Ripley, and while there was appointed assistant quartermaster of the State, with the rank of lieutenant colonel. From 1863 to the close of the War of the Rebellion, he was United States provost marshal for Hennepin county. In 1865 he formed a business partnership with his brother, Dr. Samuel H. Chute, which continued up to the time of his death. Mr. Chute went to Washington in 1868-9, and appealed to Congress for aid in the improvement of navigation of the river and in the preservation of the Falls of St. Anthony. A bill granting one hundred thousand acres of land to aid in the work was introduced, but failed to pass by one vote. The following year he again failed in his efforts to pass the bill, but in the spring of 1870 he succeeded in getting a cash appropriation of $50,000, and a U. S. engineer was appointed to take charge of the work. Subsequent appropriations were made by Congress, which, with the aid of Municipal subscriptions, with those of the water power companies and individuals, furnished the means for building a substantial concrete dyke under the river bed, from bank to bank, which has effectually stayed the threatened devastation by the water torrent, and made the falls permanent and secure. The municipal union of St. Anthony and Minneapolis, unpopular with the majority of citizens, was so ably advocated by Mr. Chute, and a few other leading citizens, that the union was effected in 1872. In 1876 Mr. Chute was appointed a regent of the University, and acted as its treasurer for several years, resigning in 1882 in consequence of ill health, which made it necessary for him to seek a less rigorous climate. Subsequently he spent much time in the southern States, and became a close student of the colored race, and to problems connected therewith. While attending the World's Fair at Chicago, in 1893, Mr. Chute was taken ill, and after a few weeks, died in that city on the first day of August, and on the 4th was buried in Lakewood cemetery in Minneapolis. Mr. Chute had always been an attractive figure upon the streets of Minneapolis. A little under six feet, of medium build, with fair complexion, he possessed a native gentleness of manner. A heart ever ready to give of its best to the world, never willing to judge harshly, always looking for the best in his fellow men and never so happy as when doing for others. His energy of character and his great enthusiasm in whatever he undertook to accomplish never failed to bring success, and Minneapolis owes much to his enterprise and public spirit. He was originally an old-time Whig, and he was one of the twenty who, in 1855, organized the Republican party in Minnesota. He was a member and elder of the Presbyterian church, a prominent temperance man in theory and practice, and an advocate of female suffrage, with educational qualifications for both sexes. Mr. and Mrs. Chute were the parents of five children, viz: Charles Richard, Minnie Olive (deceased), Mary Welcome (deceased), William Young, and Grace Fairchild, wife of Major J. W. Jacobs of the U. S. Army. Mrs. Chute still survives, and the sons, Charles R. and William Y. are both residents of Minneapolis, engaged in the real estate business. The brother, Dr. S. H. Chute, is also a resident of Minneapolis, and a prominent man of affairs.

Samuel H. Chute
[Source: Encyclopedia of Biography of Minnesota, History of Minnesota by Judge Charles E. Flandreau, 1900, transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman]

Dr. Chute was born at Columbus, Ohio, December 6, 1830. His father was Rev. James Chute, and his ancestry is sketched elsewhere in the biography of his brother, the late Richard Chute, the eminent citizen whose career was so prominently identified with the early history of Minnesota and the Northwest. The Doctor received his scholastic education in the common schools of Indiana and at Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Indiana. After leaving college he, for four years, engaged in the study of medicine under the tutelage of Dr. C. E. Sturgis, a noted physician and surgeon of Fort Wayne, and as a student in the Ohio Medical College at Cincinnati. From the latter institution he was graduated in February, 1852. In March following his graduation Dr. Chute set out on an overland trip for the distant Territory of Oregon. After a long and toilsome journey of over 2,000 miles, occupying seven months and fraught with hardships, interesting incidents and adventures, he arrived at the then little village of Portland. Later he went on horseback from Portland to Yreka, in northern California, where he was engaged in the practice of his profession and in mining operations for about four years. He then determined to leave the Pacific Coast for "the-States," and after a long sea voyage over the Pacific and Atlantic, crossing the Isthmus of Panama en route, arrived at New York City. Making a short stay in New England, he returned to Fort Wayne, Indiana, in March, 1857, after an absence of five years. Dr. Chute has been a resident of Minnesota since the spring of 1857. He landed at St. Paul from the first steamboat of the season on May 1 of that year. (In the same day he came to what was then called "the Falls" of St. Anthony, and two months later purchased of John W. North - the founder of the town of Northfield, etc., - for the consideration of $10,000. the tract of land known in the records as "Block 17 of the town of St. Anthony Falls." On this tract, in a frame dwelling house which is still standing, he look up his abode, and this was his home residence for more than thirty years. Upon his location at St. Anthony Falls now a part of Minneapolis) he abandoned the active practice of his profession and engaged in the real estate business, and with this pursuit, after more than forty-two years' residence in Minneapolis, he is still prominently identified. Subsequent to his location at St. Anthony, he became so intimately associated in business affairs with his brother, Richard, that in 1865 the co-partnership of Chute Brothers was formed, and into the business of this firm the most of the individual interests of the two brothers were merged. With the early history, and especially with the growth and development, of Minneapolis, from an insignificant frontier village to a city of metropolitan proportions. Dr. Chute has always been intimately and influentially connected and identified. A leading feature of Dr. Chute's identification with the material interests of Minneapolis has been his connection with the development and utilization of the water power of St. Anthony Falls - the greatest factor in the city's upbuilding and greatness. When, in 1856, the St. Anthony Falls Water Power Company was organized, his brother, Richard Chute, who had secured the company's charter, became its agent, and continued in this position until 1868. In that year Dr. Chute, by virtue of a power of attorney, became the agent in place of his brother, and so acted up to 1880, when the property was sold to J. J. Hill and others, although he continued to serve under the new owners for a year thereafter. At one time the Chute Brothers owned the entire stock of the water power company, and the Doctor was a director in the company for some time before he became its agent. When the greatest and most valuable improvements were made in the falls, Dr. Chute was supervisor of the work of construction and had general charge of the work; the engineer was J. T. Stevens. He had charge of all the improvements until the General Government took charge of the work, with Colonel Farquhar as superintendent. While the work of repairing the great "apron" in aid of the preservation of the falls was in progress the Doctor, as executive officer of the board of construction, was in charge, with Mr. J. T. Stevens as engineer. During the long and active career of his brother, Richard, the Doctor had entire charge of the details of the business of the firm of Chute Brothers. They erected several blocks of business houses, conspicuously some of the most substantial structures of the kind on the St. Anthony or east side of the river; they graded streets; they planted thousands of shade trees, and made large expenditures in establishing other public improvements of utility and adornment. The firm is now styled Chute Brothers Company, and is still regarded as one of the most important business institutions of the city. Its members are Samuel H. Chute, president; William Y. Chute (a son of Richard), vice-president; James T. Chute (a brother), secretary and treasurer. Dr. Chute has in time past been prominently connected with the official affairs of his adopted city. As long ago as 1858 he was supervisor of the poor, serving without pay. He served several terms as a member of the board of aldermen, and for some time was city treasurer. He was the author of a reform that was of great and substantial benefit, and which saved the county of Hennepin large sums of money, for it was by his personal efforts and influence that the county commissioners were induced to purchase the county poor farm and erect thereon a poor house for the support and care of the poor and indigent. He was also one of the founders of the city's public school system. For a long time he was president of the board of education, and he has always taken an active interest in school matters. In politics he has always been loyal to the principles of the Republican party, although in early manhood he was a Democrat. He is known as a high-minded, honorable gentleman, a public spirited citizen, always a leader in public affairs, a willing and liberal contributor to every enterprise for the public good, and no other man stands higher in general esteem in the great city, which he has helped so much to build. Dr. Chute was married May 5, 1858, to Miss Helen E. A. Day. He has a family of three daughters and two sons; Mary, Agnes, Bessie, Louis P. and Fred B. - both the sons are in the practice of law in Minneapolis.

Albert B. Clancy
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CLANCY Albert B, Minneapolis. Res 4047 Sheridan av S. office cor Charles and Pillsbury avs Midway. Collection agent. Born Oct 27, 1867 in green Isle, Sibley county Minn, son of James and Anna (Cutting) Clancy. Married Aug 1, 1900 to Melissa Gallery. Educated in the public schools. On farm 1867-85; clerking 1885-89; hardware trade 1889-92; harvesting machine trade 1893 to date. Canvasser for Deering & Co 1893-84; Champion Harvester Co 1894-95; McCormick Harvester Co (now International Harvester Co of America) as collector 1896-97; sales dept 1897-1901; gen agt same company at Montreal Can 1901-1905; mngr collection dept at Minneapolis1905 to date.

David F. Clark
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CLARK David F. Minneapolis. Res 2110 Bryant av S. office 300 Lumber Exchange. Lumber. Born Oct 1, 1883 in Berlin Wis. Son of James and Elonor (Sloan) Clark. Married Dec 25, 1897 to Mary Sears. Educated in public schools Eureka Wis. Engaged in lumber business as member of firm of Osborne & Clark 1885 to date; pres Bank of Dallas Wis; stockholder State Bank of Ladysmith Wis; dir National Hardwood Lumber Assn 2 years; member executive committee 1 year; grading committee 9 ears. Member Wis Nat Guard 3 years. Member Minneapolis Commercial Club; Masonic order and Shrine

Edwin Verner Clark
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CLARK Edwin Verner. Minneapolis. Res 2333 James av N, office 300-301 Sykes blk. Manufacturer's agent. Born Oct 7, 1869 in Girard Ill. Son of Benjamin F and Mary (Butcher) Clark. Married June 1895 to Clara Belle Craig. Educated in public schools of Girard Ill; Northern Ind Normal School Valparaiso Ind. and Jacksonville Business College 1887. Entered employ of H J Smith & Co Chicago 1890; cashr Western Mutual Life Ins Co Chicago Ill 1892-93; trav salesman for Upjohn Pill & Granule Co Kalamazoo Mich; moved to Minneapolis to assume charge of business of H K Mulford Co of Philadelphia 1898 and is now at the head of that business for Minn. N and S Dakota and northern Wis.

Hovey C. Clark
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CLARK Hovey C. Minneapolis. Res 1719 Park av. Lumber. Born May 7, 1859 in Flint Mich. Son of George T and Mary E (Duxbury) Clark. Married June 9, 1896 to Maggie L Rice. Educated in public schools Flint Mich 1867-72; Ann Arbor 1872-75; Univ of Mich 1875-76. Employed in various capacities on the Chicago West Michigan Ry 1876-1886; has since been in lumber business commencing as an incorporator and treas of Hall & Ducey Lumber Co (now the Shevlin-Carpenter Co); treas and sec Crookston Lumber Co; v pres J Nells Lumber Co; treas Lillooet Lumber Co and Land, Log & Lumber Co; dir First Nat Bank Minneapolis and N W Mutual Life Ins Co Milwaukee. Member of Minneapolis, Lafayette and Minikahda clubs Minneapolis; Town and Country Club St Paul; Spokane Club, Spokane Country Club Spokane Wash and Santa Barbara Country Club.

Thomas A. Clark
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CLARK Thomas A. Minneapolis Res 59 Lyndale av N. office 225 3d st S. Printer. Born July 8, 1852 in St Johns N B. Married Jan 8, 1883 to Sarah A Morrow. Moved to Wis in 1859. Educated in common schools. Learned printing business Taylor's Falls Minn 1863; moved to Minneapolis 1872; worked at trade on daily papers; went in business for self in 1875; sold out 1876; published The Workman 1878; in Fargo N D 1881-84; moved to Minneapolis 1885 and has been engaged there in printing business to date.

William Wyckoff Clark
Source: Progressive Men of Minnesota, (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

William Wyckoff Clark comes of a line of patriots who have a most honorable record in the service of their country, one generation being represented in the Army of the Revolution, another in the War of 1812, a third in the War of the Rebellion. Mr. Clark is a resident of St. Anthony Park, but has his office in Minneapolis, and is engaged in the practice of law in that city. His father was a physician and practiced his profession in Mankato from 1857 until his death in 1878. He came to Minnesota from Ohio, and during the war was a surgeon of the Tenth Minnesota regiment. Dr. Clark's wife was Adaline Babbett (Clark), a direct descendant of Edward Winslow, one of the Mayflower Puritans. The Clark family in America was descended from James Clark, who was born in Ireland and emigrated from there in 1750 and settled in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. One of his sons, John Clark, was a colonel in the American Army of the Revolution, and his commission, signed by Washington, is still preserved by one of the family. It was his son who was a soldier in the War of 1812 and who was the grandfather of the subject of this sketch William Wyckoff was born at Mankato, March 10, 1862. He graduated from the high school in that city in 1879, and entered the state university the same year, where he accomplished four years work in three, graduating in the class of 1882. He received one of the class honors, that of class tree orator, received the first prizes in the oratorical contests in his junior and senior years, and in the latter year represented Minnesota in the inter-state oratorical contest at Indianapolis, taking third place in the contest. While in college he was a member of the Theta Phi fraternity, a local fraternity now succeeded by Psi Upsilon. The first dollar Mr. Clark ever earned was received for shoveling dirt at the building of the waterworks in Mankato, but he soon obtained better employment in the construction of a mill then being erected there. Later he was employed with the firm of Brackett, Chute & Co., on the construction of the Canadian Pacific road, and subsequently held the position of assistant bookkeeper for the hardware firm of Miller Bros. He also had some experience as a teacher, filling the un-expired term of a principal of a public school at Sleepy Eye. He then settled in Minneapolis for the study of law, and was admitted to the bar in 1885. He is a member of the law firm of Clark & Wingate, with offices in the Minnesota Loan & Trust Building, and at the present time is giving his attention chiefly to the law business of the Scottish American Mortgage Company Limited, a company having three or four millions of dollars invested in this State. Mr. Clark has always been a Republican, and although he has never asked for any office he has spent several campaigns on the stump in this state. He is a member of the Commercial Club, the Royal Arcanum, and the Fraternal Mystic Circle. He was married in 1885 to Josephine Henry, daughter of an old resident and hardware merchant in East Minneapolis. They have two children: Wyckoff C. and Kenneth. In 1889 he removed to St. Anthony Park, a suburb of Minneapolis, where he has a pleasant home.

Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CLARK William Wyckoff. Minneapolis. Res 2268 Commonwealth av At. Anthony Park, office 311 Nicollet av. Lawyer. Born March 10, 1863 at Mankato Minn. Son of Dr William W and Adeline (Babbitt) Clark. Married 1886 to Josephine Henry. Graduated Mankato Minn High School 1879; U of M, B S 1882. After graduation was prin of schools at Sleepy Eye Minn for one year; studied law and was admitted to practice in 1885; practiced in Minneapolis 1885-1892; represented the Scottish American Mortgage Co Ltd in the investment of its funds in Hennepin and Ramsey counties 1890 to date. Mngr and atty of W W Clark Realty Co Minneapolis 1902 to date. Member Commercial Club and Minneapolis Auto Club.

Clarence W. Clarke
Herringshaw's American blue-book of Biography: Prominent Americans of 1912- An Accurate Biographical Record of Prominent Citizens of All Walks of Life

Clarke, Clarence W., investments; born Milwaukee, Wis., September 18, 1864; son Spencer W. and Marie (Foat) Clark; editor in public school; married, Minneapolis, 1888, Bella Scott; children: Marjorie L., born 1892; Winchester Scott, born 1893. Consecutive engaged as miller, traveling agent, and banker; now president and director Bankers' Loan and Investment company, Hudson River Land company. Was member common council, New Haven, Conn.; trustee New Haven Public Library; treasurer New Haven Republican club; was nominated for city sheriff of New Haven on Republican ticket; alderman for 7th Ward, city of Yonkers, two terms. Has been delegate to many conventions in N.Y. and Conn. Congregationalist. Member Elks and Masons; ex-president New Haven Orchestral Club; ex-member New Haven Grays (Co. F, 2d Reg't, C.N. G.). Recreations: Music, fishing, baseball. Clubs: Republican (N.Y. City), Union League (New Haven), City, Corinthian Yacht (Yonkers, N.Y.), Also Shenandoah Club, Roanoke, Va.

Charles Augustus Clawson
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CLAWSON Charles Augustus. Minneapolis. Res 3245 Irvington av S. office 608 Guaranty bldg. Railroad official. Born April 14, 1839 in Denmark son of Christian and Sophia Clawson. Educated in common schools of Denmark; commercial schools of Wis. Came to U S and located in Wis 1854; to Minneapolis in 1868; has been connected with the Pennsylvania R R lines west of Pittsburg (Star Union Lines) 1868 to date. Served in Union army during the Civl War 1861-64. Member Knights of Pythias; United Workmen; G A R.

Andrew Clement
Minnesota Territorial Pioneers - Biographical Sketches of Territorial Pioneers - Contributed by Jo Ann Scott

Andrew A. Clement was born at Clairmont N. H., April 9, 1814. He came to Minnesota with his family in 1854, arriving at St. Paul on the War Eagle's last trip that year, Nov. 9. On account of low water, they were on the river five days in making the trip. Mr. Clement was a hotel keeper, having conducted the St. Lawrence Hotel at Ogdensburg N. Y., before he came to Minnesota. He was proprietor of the old Winslow House at St. Paul, in partnership with Mr. Parker, and in 1857 moved to St. Anthony and conducted the Tremont House. In 1861 had charge of the Nicollet Hotel, succeeding Eustis, Nudd & Hill. He died Feb. 20, 1882, leaving a widow, one son and four daughters.

Emily Clement
Minnesota Territorial Pioneers - Biographical Sketches of Territorial Pioneers - Contributed by Jo Ann Scott

Emily M. Clement, widow of A. A. Clement, was born at Winchendon, Mass., April, 1819. She was married at Cambridge, Mass., in 1844 and came west with Mr. Clement in 1854, assisting her husband in conducting the various hotels they had charge of. She now resides with her son, E. B. Clement, at Minneapolis. Her daughters are Mrs. Ella Clement Donaldson, Mrs. J. F. Wilcox, Mrs. A. H. Pauly and Mrs. C. H. Moses.

William Schuyler Cleveland
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CLEVELAND William Schuyler. Minneapolis. Res 2925 Clinton av. Office 612 Corn Exchange. Constructing engineer. Born Dec 28, 1869 in Northfield Minn. Son of William C and Hannah P (Harlan) Cleveland. Attended common schools at Northfield Minn and Milbank S D; graduated from Northfield Academy 1902; 1 year at Carleton Colleg; studied law in office and at U of M. learned carpenter's trade with father; started present business 1899; invented and built first successful brick grain tank 1902. Member of W L Cleveland Co elevator contrs 1905 to date. Member Masonic order and united Workmen.

David Marston Clough
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis, The Minneapolis Journal (1897) Submitted by Diana Heser Morse

David Marston Clough, governor of Minnesota, furnishes a conspicuous example of the self-made man. Born of humble parentage and spending his youth in comparative poverty, contending with the obstacles of life on the frontier, and without the aid of influential friends, he has achieved the position of highest honor in the state of his adoption. He was the son of Elbridge G. and Sarah Brown (Clough), of Lyme, Grafton county, New Hampshire. He was the fourth in a family of fourteen children, ten of whom grew to maturity. He was born December 27, 1846, at Lyme, New Hampshire, and when he was nine years old his family moved to Waupaca, Wisconsin, arriving there on the fourth of July, 1857: Within the next year they removed to Spencer Brook, Isanti County, Minnesota, a little settlement on the extreme frontier in the lumbering region of Rum River. His father took a claim, a cabin was built, a clearing made in the timber and the farm started. In addition to work done on the farm, father and sons engaged in the lumbering business in the employ of companies then operating in that region. There was no school to attend and the educational facilities of which David was able to avail himself were of the most limited kind. At sixteen he drove an ox team in the woods and at seventeen went on the logging drive and earned a man's wages. Subsequently he was employed at the saw mills in Minneapolis in the summer and continued to work either for his father, or for wages for his father's benefit until he was twenty. At this age it was his father's custom to give his boys their time, having no other endowment to bestow. David then engaged himself by the month with H. F. Brown, a lumberman, and continued for four years in his employment, doing all kinds of work involved in the lumber business. After leaving Mr. Brown he and his brother Gilbert engaged in the lumbering business for themselves. They lived at Spencer Brook and took contracts for cutting and hauling logs in the adjacent pineries. This they continued for two years, when, in 1862, they removed to this city. They continued in the logging business for several years and then commenced the manufacture of lumber, first hiring their logs sawed and later building a mill of their own. Clough Brothers eventually became one of the substantial lumber firms of Minneapolis, owning their own timber, manufacturing it and cutting it, their annual output in later years averaging fifteen million feet. Gilbert Clough died six years ago, since which time David has continued the business alone. He also became president of the Bank of Minneapolis. Although his father died years ago, Mr. Clough has retained the homestead in Isanti County, and added to it until it now embraces six hundred and forty acres of land, on which Mr. Clough has a fine herd of thoroughbred Short Horn Cattle, and his interest in agriculture and stock raising was recognized in 1892 by his election to the office of president of the State Agricultural Society. To him belongs the credit at the close of his administration of turning over the society to his successor free of debt, the first time in its history. Mr. Clough has been active in local and state politics, having served the Second ward of Minneapolis as a member of the council from 1885 to 1888. In the second year of his service he was made president of the council. At this time he was also elected to represent East Minneapolis, Isanti and Anoka counties in the state senate, his term of office of four years expiring in 1890. What is known as "the patrol limits system," a rule which confines the saloons to the business center of the city, received Mr. Clough's support in the legislature and in the council, and to him credit is given for having defeated an attempt in the legislature of grant to the council the power of discontinuing or altering this system. Mr. Clough was a member of the state Republican central committee for four years, and in 1892 was nominated by the Republicans for lieutenant governor and was elected. He was re-nominated in 1894 and re-elected, and upon the election of Knute Nelson to the United States senate in 1895 he succeeded him in the office of governor. He was nominated by the Republicans in 1896 to succeed himself and was elected. When the court house and city hall commission was organized in Minneapolis, Mr. Clough was made a member of that commission, and for a time was its president. His family are identified with the First Congregational Church of Minneapolis, of which society Mr. Clough was for many years trustee. He belongs to the Masonic order, in which he has taken thirty-two degrees. Mr. Clough was married April 4, 1867, to Addie Barton, at Spencer Brook, Minnesota. He has one daughter, Nina, the wife of R. H. Hartley, of Minneapolis.

John Preston Coan
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COAN John Preston. Minneapolis. Res 2735 Colfax av S. office 209-210 Manhattan bldg St Paul. Life insurance. Born Jan 21, 1858 in Henry Marshall county Ill. Son of David and Temperance (Baker) Coan. Married Nov 18, 1885 to Emma P Smith. Graduated from high school Henry Ill 1873. Engaged in drug business and studied medicine 1879; opened gen store Risk Ill 1880; appointed postmaster 1881; sold out and engaged as trav salesman for Chicago whol grocery house 1882; moved to Pierre S D 1883; moved to Minneapolis and traveled for Star Oil Co 1884-92; trav salesman Washburn-Crosby Co 1892-1893; engaged in life ins business with the Prudential Life Ins Co 1903; appointed gen agt 1904 mngr in St Paul for part of minn and N D 1905. Member of Masonic fraternity.

Harrison Cobb
Minnesota Territorial Pioneers - Biographical Sketches of Territorial Pioneers - Contributed by Jo Ann Scott

Harrison J. Cobb was born at Ripley, Somerset County, Maine, May 4, 1837. He Came to St. Anthony November 9, 1854. Mr. Cobb says the stage he came on from Dubuque to St. Paul was the first one over that route. In 1863, in partnership with, Levi Leighton, he leased the meat market of Hayes & Martin, St. Anthony, and carried on that business for a few Years. Later Mr. Cobb was carrying on a crockery business in Minneapolis, and in partnership with Mr. Leighton became interested in pine lands and the lumbering business. In the summer of 1869, when Governor J. Gregory Smith, president of the Northern Pacific Railroad, with a party of directors and friends, made the trip from St. Cloud through to Fort Stevenson to examine the proposed route for the railroad, he had charge of purchasing the supplies and outfit for the party in connection with George A. Brackett. In 1870 he was given the contract to furnish the N. P. R. R. all the lumber needed for buildings and bridges from Duluth junction to Red River, and with J. B. Bassett as a partner built the first mill at Brainerd and furnished the lumber for the road to Red River, and afterwards to Bismarck. Besides supplying the lumber for the railroad, they furnished all of the lumber used for the first few years in building the city of Brainerd. Mr. Cobb was dealing in live stock for thirty-two years, being a partner with H. H. Brackett for seventeen years.
He was married in May, 1857, to Miss Mary P. Morrill, and has since made his home in Minneapolis.

Llewellyn A. Cobb
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COBB Llewellyn A. Minneapolis. Res 3301 3d av S. office 1007 Chamber of Commerce. Grain merchant. Born Jan 13, 1853 at St Anthony Minn. Son of Stephen of Zillah (Young) Cobb. Married Sept 21, 1875 to Emily J Countryman. Attended public schools at St Anthony until 1864; high school at Hastings Minn until 1872; Curtiss Business College Minneapolis complete course; Grain business Hastings 1876; member Cobb & Cole grain merchants Hastings 1876-84; Cobb, Cole & Norrish Minneapolis 1884-87; confer & Cobb 1887-97; L A Cobb & Son 1898 to date; shippers of oats, barley and rye to eastern markets. Member Minneapolis Chamber of Commerce since 1888. Member Masonic fraternity.

Mary Cobb
Minnesota Territorial Pioneers - Biographical Sketches of Territorial Pioneers - Contributed by Jo Ann Scott

Mary F. ( Morrill ) Cobb, wife of Harrison J. Cobb, was born at Cambridge, Somerset County, Maine, May 4, 1839. She came west in the spring of 1857, arriving at St. Anthony on May 4th, and the next day was married to Mr. Cobb at the house of Captain John Tapper, the ferryman and toll collector on Nicollet Island. In this particular case, however, Rev. Charles Seccomb received the toll. They were probably the first couple married on Nicollet Island, and it was in a small log house in the woods on the island that they commenced housekeeping.

Walter H. Cobban
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COBBAN Walter H. Minneapolis. Res 3236 Oakland av. Office 413 Phoenix bldg. Insurance. Born Jan 7, 1859 in Lowell Wis. Son of Robert and Isabella (Goff) Cobban. Married Oct 7, 1896 to Charlotte m Gibbs. Educated in the district schools of Chippewa county Wis. Worked claim in Dakota Ter in 1880-82; farm implement business Howard Dak 1882-85; special agt and adjuster Dakota Fire & Marine Ins Co 1886-90; asst gen agt N W Mutual Life Ins Co 1890-92; special agt Minneapolis of Manchester Fire Assurance Co 1892-1901; mngr Minneapolis for Minn., N and S Dakota Phoenix Mutual Life Ins co 1902 to date; pres General Inspection Co. Sheriff Miner county Dakota 1882-86; dep U S marshall Dakota 1883-86. Member Minneapolis commercial Club; Masonic fraternity and Knights Templar.

John M. Cochrane
Source: Compendium of History and Biography of North Dakota, Publ. 1900. Transcribed by Janice Louie

JOHN M. COCHRANE. In compiling a list of the prominent attorneys of a state as large as North Dakota it is difficult to determine who stands in the foremost place, but it is a well-known fact that the gentleman above named is among those who have done efficient and faithful service for that state, and he is entitled to mention as a public-spirited and progressive member of the bar. He is practicing law at Grand Forks, and has been called upon to serve in many other ways since taking up his residence in North Dakota.
Mr. Cochrane was born in Franklin county, Pennsylvania, March 8, 1859, and is the son of James and Caroline A. (McDowell) Cochrane. They were natives of Ireland and Pennsylvania respectively, and his father was president of the Erie Academy of Erie, Pennsylvania. He went to Faribault, Minnesota, in 1862, and there entered the ministry of the Presbyterian church, and followed that calling many years. He was a tutor in Queen's College, Belfast, Ireland, and on coming to America in 1850 took a course in Princeton College, during which time he made his home in Erie. He now resides in Minneapolis, and is the father of three sons and one daughter, our subject and his sister the only ones now living. The mother died in 1895. She was the daughter of a well-known physician of Pennsylvania.
John M. Cochrane was reared and educated in Minneapolis, where he attended the public schools, and in 1875 entered the State University, remaining there until 1879, when he entered the University of Michigan, and soon afterward entered the law department and graduated from that institution in 1881. In that yer he was admitted to practice law in Minnesota, and established himself at Le Seuer, Minnesota, where he remained but a short time, going from thence to Madelia, Minnesota, where he formed a partnership with Frank James, which continued until March, 1883, when our subject came to Grand Forks, North Dakota, and soon became associated with Woodruff & Bangs. Later Mr Cochrane and Mr. Bangs formed a partnership, and remained in company until 1884, when our subject was elected probate judge, and served three years in this capacity. He then resigned and was appointed district attorney in 1887 to fill an unexpired term, after which he was elected to that office for one term, keeping up his practice in the meantime.
Our subject was married, in 1884, to Miss Francis Merrill, a native of Indiana. Mr. Cochrane is a member of the Masonic fraternity. He has served on the board of regents of the State University, and also as trustee of the Normal School at Mayville, to which office he was appointed by Governor Miller. Politically he has adhered to the principles of the Republican party since his majority, and was chairman of the first state convention of that party, and has taken an active interest in Republican politics in North Dakota for many years.

William Paul Cockey
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COCKEY William Paul. Minneapolis. Res Clifton av and Vine pl office 209 Hennepin av. Manufacturer. Born July 21, 1858 in Frederick Md. Son of Sebastian Graff and Mary Elizabeth (Sprigg) Cockey. Educated by private tutors; in public schools of Frederick and Frederick Academy (now Frederick College). Removed to Chicago and engaged as clk in nat Bank of Ill 1880; represented W H Colvin Co and hard-Rand Co of N Y in St Paul 1884-88; organized and was pres of Portland Stone co; purchased Eureka Stone Co; organized Warehouse & Builders Supply Co Superior Wis. Which was succeeded by Superior Mnfg Co of which he is now pres; pres Baltimore Investment Co; Crystal Flake Salt co Marine City Mich and Contractors Machinery Co Minneapolis; v pres nat Builders Supply Assn. Pres Southern Club of Minn; member of Minneapolis and Minikahda clubs.

William T. Coe
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COE William T. Minneapolis. Res 3000 Girard av N. office 700-705 Globe bldg. Lawyer. Born may 18, 1870in riverside Ia. Son of Sylvester and Anna (Rowlands) Coe. Married Sept 29, 1898 to Annabel Collins. Attended country school near Riverside Ia; Iowa City Academy; graduated from Minneapolis Academy 1890; academic dept u of M 1890-94; graduating B S law dept 1894-96; graduating LL B. Has practiced law in Minneapolis to date. Member state legislature Minn 1897-99; regimental quartermaster 15th Minn Inf Spanish-American War 1898-99. Member American Economic Assn; Minneapolis Commercial Club; Masonic Order and I O O F.

Loren Collins
Minnesota Territorial Pioneers - Biographical Sketches of Territorial Pioneers - Contributed by Jo Ann Scott

Loren Warren Collins resides at St. Cloud; is a widower; was born in Lowell, Mass., 1838; settled upon Eden Prairie, Hennepin County, in 1854. Enlisted August 9th, 1862, in the Seventh Minnesota; served through the war; brevetted captain March 30, 1865. Was county attorney for ten years in Stearns County; member of the house of representatives in 1881-1883; one of the managers conducting the impeachment proceedings against District Court judge Cox; was appointed judge of the Seventh Judicial District, April 17, 1883; was appointed associate judge of the Supreme Court, Nov. 12, 1887, to fill a vacancy caused by the death of justice Berry; elected 1888, re-elected 1894, 1900. Upon the death of Senator Davis, in December, 1900, he was tendered an appointment to the United States Senate by Governor Lind, but declined.

Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal, 1897 – transcribed by AJ 

Loren Warren Collins is associate justice of the supreme court, Mr. Collins is of New England birth, and traces his ancestry back to the early settlers of that section. He was born August 7, 1838, at Lowell, Mass. He attended the common schools and the high school, but never enjoyed the advantages of a college education. This did not prevent him, however, from becoming a member of the supreme court and one of the leading lawyers of this state. Judge Collins' father was, for many years, an overseer at the cotton factories in Lowell and Chicopee, Mass. The family moved from Lowell to Chicopee in 1840, when the subject of this sketch was only two years old. They transferred themselves again from Chicopee to Palmer in 1851. In 1853 the family came to Minnesota, locating on Eden Prairie, Hennepin County, and engaged in farming. Judge Collins had qualified himself for the work of a teacher, and his first money was earned as a teacher of a country school near Cannon Falls in the winter of 1859 and 1860. He taught four months for $60 and board. In 1859 Judge Collins began the study of law with the firm of Smith, Smith & Crosby, at Hastings. He enlisted in 1862 in the Seventh Minnesota infantry. These were troublous times on the borders, and in 1862 and 1863 Mr. Collins served in the campaign against the Sioux Indians. The Indian campaign being concluded, his regiment was sent South in the fall of 1863, Judge Collins going with it and serving with it to the end of the war in the Third Brigade, First Division, Sixteenth Army Corps. He was mustered out as first lieutenant, August 12, 1865. On his return from the war he resumed the practice of law at St. Cloud in May, 1866. In 1868 he formed a partnership with Charles D. Kerr, which lasted until 1872, when Col. Kerr moved to St. Paul. In 1879 he formed a partnership with Theodore Bruener, which was dissolved in 1881. Judge Collins has always taken an active interest in politics and has held a number of important public positions. He was a member of the legislature in 1881 and 1883, and judge of the district court in 1883 to 1887, when he was appointed justice of the supreme court by the governor to succeed Justice Berry. He was elected in 1888 and has been on the supreme bench ever since. While serving in the legislature in 1881, he was chairman of the normal school committee and a member of the judiciary committee. In 1883 he was chairman of the finance committee, chairman of the committee on temperance legislation and a member of the judiciary committee. At the extra session of 1881 he was one of the board of managers on the part of the house in the impeachment of Judge Cox. He was elected county attorney of Stearns county for several years prior to 1881, and held the office of mayor of St. Cloud in 1876, '77, '78 and '80. When elected associate justice of the supreme court in 1888, he ran against George W. Batchelder, a Democrat, and his majority was 46,432, the largest received up to that time by any candidate on the state ticket, but in 1894 he increased it to 49,684 over John W. Wills, who was nominated by both the Populist and the Democrats. This is the greatest majority ever received by any candidate on a state ticket. Judge Collins is a member of the Masonic order, of the G. A. R., and the Loyal Legion. He belongs to the Unitarian church, and was married September 4, 1878 to Ella M. Steward, at Berlin, Collins residence is at St. Cloud. He has three children living Steward Garfield, Louis Loren and Loren Fletcher.

Thomas C. Comstock
Source: Compendium of History and Biography of North Dakota, Publ. 1900. Transcribed by Kim Mohler

THOMAS C. COMSTOCK, yardmaster for the Northern Pacific Railroad Company at Fargo, North Dakota, and an honored citizen of that place, was born in Fairfield county, Connecticut, May 17, 1850, and is a son of Andrew K. and Emma (Carter) Comstock, also natives of that state. The father, who was a lumber dealer in the East, came to North Dakota in 1880 and settled in Fargo. Later he engaged in farming in Cass county, and died there in 1897. He had two sons, one of whom is now a resident of New York. The paternal grandfather of our subject, Watts Comstock, was also a native of Fairfield county, Connecticut, and was a farmer and banker by occupation.

During his boyhood and youth Thomas C. Comstock attended school and remained in Connecticut until 1868, when he removed to Minnesota and for the following year engaged in clerking in Minneapolis. Later he was in business with his father in the East and there began his railroad career as a civil engineer. Returning ton Minneapolis in 1871, he accepted a position on the civil engineering force of the Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad. The following winter he got out ties for the Northern Pacific Railroad Company, and in 1872 commenced firing on that road. Later he was promoted to the position of engineer, running a train between Fargo and Duluth, and in 1876 was made a conductor on the same line. Two years later he was transferred to the Dakota division and ran trains between Fargo and Bismarck until 1890, when he was made train yardmaster at the former city. In 1893 he was transferred as trainmaster to Jamestown, but in 1896 returned to Fargo and was given his old position, which he still fills in a most creditable and satisfactory manner. He is now one of the oldest and most trusted employees of the road, and is held in high regard by all who know him. His political support is given the men and measures of the Republican party, but he takes no active part in politics aside from voting.

In 1881 Mr. Comstock married Miss Ellen Merrell, a native of Illinois, and they have three children: Fannie, Arthur and Merrill.

Oliver Conforth
Source: History of Anoka County and the Towns of Champlin and Dayton in Hennepin County, Minnesota, by Albert M. Goodrich 1905; transcribed by Sarah Montgomery

Oliver Conforth was born in Waterville, Kennebec Co., Maine, Sept. 12, 1820.  When gold was discovered in California in 1849 he went there as a miner.  In 1855 he came to Minnesota and in 1884 to Champlin, where he worked at lumbering.  He was married in 1841 to Hannah Corson.  Children: James A.; Clarence (deceased); Grace (Mrs. W. H. Gay); Ida (Mrs. W. H. Miars).

J. Frank Conklin
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis, The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

J. Frank Conklin has been prominently identified with the dramatic stage in Minneapolis for a number of years, his chief connection with that profession having been as manager of the Grand Opera House during nearly the entire time of its existence as a play house. Mr. Conklin was born August 14, 1852, at Newburgh, New York. His father James O. Conklin, was a well-to-do farmer of Orange County. His mother's maiden name was Rebecca Purdy. His ancestry on his father's side were well-to-do farmers, and the line is traced to prominent characters in the war of 1812. On his mother's side he is descended from a family of merchants in New York City. Mr. Conklin was educated in the common schools of Orange County, and at Sigler's Newburgh Institute. In 1880 he came West, locating in Minneapolis, where he became assistant manager of the old Academy of Music. On the completion of the Syndicate Block, of which the Grand Opera was a part, Mr. Conklin was appointed manager of the whole property, a position which he still holds, although recently the Grand Opera House has been closed as an amusement house. Mr. Conklin's .superior business qualifications have placed him in charge of a large amount of property in Minneapolis and St. Paul, including besides the Syndicate Block, the Guaranty Loan building, Temple Court and other important buildings in Minneapolis, and the Lowry Arcade and Globe Building in St. Paul. Mr. Conklin began his business career at the age of twenty. His first year, for which he received the munificent sum of fifty dollars and board, was spent in the produce business in New York City. Later he opened a store in New York on his own account, and also one in Jacksonville. Florida. He had disposed of his business prior to his removal to the West In politics Mr. Conklin is a Republican, although he has never sought any office or taken a very active part in political affairs. He is a member of the Minneapolis Club. On September 11, 1878, he was married to Miss Lizzie Merritt, of Marlborough. New York. They have four children, Margaretta B., Clara Hsamine, J. Frank, Jr., and Edwin Herrick.

Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CONKLIN J Frank, Minneapolis. Res 434 Ridgewood av, Office 115 Temple Court. Real Estate. Born Aug 14, 1852 in Newburgh N Y son of James O and Rebecca (Purdy) Conklin. Educated at Newburgh Academy. Came to Minneapolis in 1881 and was made asst mngr Academy of Music; mngr new Grand Opera House 1883-94; in real estate business 1890 to date; mngr new Auditorium 1905-1906. Pres J F Conklin & Zonne Co real estate investments; gen mngr Minneapolis Syndicate. Member Minneapolis and Lafayette clubs Minneapolis.

Edward James Conroy
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

The chairman of the board of county commissioners of Hennepin County, Minnesota, is Edward James Conroy, who is a resident of Minneapolis. Mr. Conroy was born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, November 15, 1864, the son of Thomas and Margaret Conroy, both of whom were born in Dublin, Ireland. They emigrated to this country in 1854, settling at Oshkosh, Wisconsin. Thomas Conroy was a carpenter by trade, and he followed this occupation in Oshkosh, becoming fairly prosperous. Edward received but a common school education in the public schools of Oshkosh, which was supplemented by a three months' course in a commercial college. From the time he was able to work young Conroy tried to be of assistance to his family. He earned his first dollar as a lather, at which he became an expert, and which line of work he followed during his school vacations. When only seventeen years of age he left home and removed to Minnesota, locating in Minneapolis. Here he learned the plasterer's trade, at which trade he worked for the next two years, acquiring a general knowledge of the business of a master mason and contractor. In 1883 he commenced in business on his own account as a contractor of mason work, which he has followed ever since. From the first he was successful in obtaining remunerative contracts, and many down town blocks and homes in Minneapolis attest to his skill and enterprise. Mr. Conroy has always affiliated with the Democratic party, and has been an active participator in the affairs of his city for the past ten years. In 1888 the Democrats of the Second ward nominated him for the office of alderman, but he was defeated. In 1891 he was chosen as assistant sergeant-at-arms in the upper house of the state legislature. The following year he was a nominee on the Democratic ticket for county commissioner in the First District of Hennepin County, and elected for a term of four years. In his short period of service as a county commissioner, Mr. Conroy has earned for himself an enviable reputation as a man of sterling honesty, integrity and uprightness in handling public business. He was so well liked by his associates on the board that, notwithstanding a Republican majority, he was elected to the chairmanship, which he maintained during the four years of his term with dignity and impartiality. He was re-elected to the same office in 1896 by a large majority. In the campaign of 1894 he was chairman of the Democratic county committee, also of the Democratic campaign committee. Mr. Conroy has also served on the board of tax levy for four years, being one of the most efficient members of that board. Aside from the duties of his public office, Mr. Conroy has been identified to a considerable extent with the real estate and building interests of Minneapolis, and his success thus far in life gives promise of still better results in the future.

George Conway
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CONWAY George, Minneapolis. Res 3136 Oakland, office 425 Temple Court. Lawyer. Born Nov 27, 1850 in Watertown N Y, son of Homer and Emma (Waters) Conway. Married Dec 5, 1875 to Eva Teeple. Educated in common schools; graduated from Michigan State Normal College 1875; taught school in Mich 1875-82; moved to Sioux City Ia 1891 and engaged in law practice; moved to Minneapolis 1902 and has continued in practice to date. Member Board of Education Saginaw Mich 1884-86.

John B. Cook
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COOK John B, St Paul. Res Ryan Hotel, office 131 E 6th st. Omnibus and carriage line. Born Oct 12, 1818 in Oneida county N Y, son of Peter and Esther (Burrows) Cook. Married Aug 30, 1853 to Ellen E Champlin. Educated in public schools and academy Erie Pa. First engaged as clk and later in dry goods business for self in Erie Pa until 1855; moved to Minn 1855 and was partner of Gov Ramsey in mill and land business; founded town of Champlin; returned to St Paul and engaged in commission business with J W Simpson until 1862; served through Civil War and afterward returned to St Paul and established St Paul Omnibus Line now known as Cook's St Paul Omnibus and Carriage Co, of which he is pres.

Elbridge C. Cooke
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COOKE Elbridge C, Wayzata. Lake Minnetonka. Office 809 New York Life bldg Minneapolis. Lawyer. Born in 1854 in Ill, son of Joseph C and Amy (Wade) Cooke. Graduated at Norwich Academy Conn 1873; Yale Univ B A 1877. Pres and dir Minnesota Trust Co; dir N W National Bank; treas N Am Telegraph Co; member of the law firm of Flannery & Cooke, which was established in 1884. Member Yale Club N Y; Minneapolis, Minikahda and Lafayette clubs.

Clayton R. Cooley
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

Mr. Cooley's father, Warren Cooley, was by trade a mechanic, and worked at this occupation during his [illegible word], remaining a moderate competence. His native state was Massachusetts; he was born at Palma, in 1820, and died in Minneapolis, in 1887. His wife, the mother of the subject of this sketch, survives him. Her maiden name was Eleanor F. Morris; she was born in Alton, Illinois, in 1853. Their son Clayton was born in Houston County, Minnesota, October 16, 1859, and shortly after his birth they migrated from this state to Iowa, first locating at Dubuque afterwards at Cedar Falls and Eldora, in the same state, the boy receiving his education in the public schools of the latter town. The first dollar Clayton ever earned was as a lad, working in Burt's novelty factory in East Dubuque. The first permanent business engagement he secured after leaving school was in a drug store at Eldora. He quit this business, however, after a short time and took a position in an abstract and loan office in the same city. He held this position until February, 1884, at which time he located in Minneapolis. He first secured employment with Geo. W. Chowan & Co., but subsequently entered the office of Merrill & Albee, an abstract firm. In September, 1886, Mr. Cooley acquired Mr. Merrill's interest in the firm, and the business has since that time been conducted under the name of Albee & Cooley. In politics Mr. Cooley is a Republican, his first vote having been cast for James A. Garfield. He took an active part in local politics, and was rewarded for his services in 1892 by being nominated for the office of county auditor of Hennepin County, and was elected. He was re-elected to the same office in 1894, his term expiring January 1, 1897. Mr. Cooley has been one of the most capable men that has ever occupied this office, and he is held in high esteem by all who know him. Though he took a course in the law department of the University of Minnesota, graduating in 1893, it was not with the intention of devoting himself to the practice of law, but rather as an aid to him in his private business, to which he is now devoting all his time, having been released from public duties by expiration of his second term as auditor. He is prominent Mason, a member of the Knights of Pythias, the Royal Arcanum, and the Ancient Order of United Kingdom Workmen; also of the Minneapolis Commercial Club.
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COOLEY Clayton R. Minneapolis. Res 1775 Emerson av, office Federal bldg. Public official. Born Oct 16, 1859 in Houston county Minn, son of Warren and Eleanor F (Morris) Cooley. Educated in common schools Eldora Ia graduating from law dept u of m 1893. First worked short time in drug store then in abstract office Eldora until 1884; moved to Minneapolis and engaged with Geo W Chowan & Co and later with Merrill & Albee, abstracts; bought out Merrill's interest and firm became Albee 7 Cooley 1886; elected auditor Hennepin county 1892; re-elected 1894; now deputy collector U S customs and custodian of Federal bldg. Member Masonic fraternity; K of P; A O U W; Royal Arcanum and Commercial club.

Marshall H. Coolidge
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COOLIDGE Marshall H. Minneapolis. Res 1906 Kenwood pkway, office 826 Metropolitan bldg. Contractor. Born July 27, 1860 in Dotyville, Fond du Lac county Wis, son of John Harvey and Elizabeth (Coleman) Coolidge. Attended public schools at Dotyville 1865-70; Plymouth 1870-73; Fond du Lac Wis 1873-76; private German school Calvary Wis 1876-77. Clerked in store at St Cloud Wis 1877-78; in grain elevator St Cloud 1879; clk at Coolidge Wis 1880-84; mngr Coolidge Co Ltd 1884-86; v pres and dir Coolidge Fuel Supply Co 1887-91; pres and mngr 1891-1900; in business alone 1901-1902; pres Marshall H Coolidge Co 1902 to date; Downing Mnfg co 1891 to date; v pres and dir H B Waite Co Ltd 1904 to date; v pres N W Cedar Men's Assn 1905; pres 1906. Member Minneapolis, Lafayette, Long Meadow Gun and Island hunting and Fishing clubs Minneapolis.

Francis D. Cooper
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COOPER Francis D. Minneapolis. Res 4123 40th av S, office 437-439 Andrus bldg. Forn may 26, 1842 in Davenport Ia, son of Lenoard and Julia (Elder) Cooper. Married in 1897 to Mary A Gallagher. Educated in common school Scott county Ia; commercial school Mound College Cincinnati. Lived in Omaha and engaged as salesman and bkpr and for self in wagon mnfg and farm implements for 31 years; moved to Minneapolis and engaged in real estate business 1898 to date. Former mngr F D & A A Cooper; pres Grand View Brick Co and Continuous Kiln Co; now pres Am R E & Inv Co Minneapolis.

Thomas E. Cootey
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COOTEY Thomas E. Minneapolis. Res 2316 Aldrich av S, office Flour Exchange bldg. Lithographer, printer. Born Aug 6, 1860 in Kenosha Wis, son of John and Jane (Coyle) Cootey. Married Sept 9, 1885 to Cora M Hamen. Educated in common schools Kenosha Wis and Chicago. Commenced as errand boy Sept 27, 1875 with Culver, Page, Hayne & Co Chicago and remained with them and their successors the John Morris Co until Jan 30, 1887; became identified with Brown, Treacy & Co, St Paul Feb 1, 1887 and opened branch for this company in Minneapolis Dec 29, 1890 which was known as the Northwestern Lithographing & Printing Co; succeeded the latter company as propr and changed name to Cootey Lithographing and Printing Co June 28, 1898 which was incorporated as the Cootey-Blodgett Co in 1906. Member Minneapolis, Commercial and Lafayette clubs; Knights of Columbus and B P O E.

James R. Corrigan
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CORRIGAN James R, Minneapolis. Res Holmes Hotel, office 1011 New York Life bldg. Lawyer. Born Jan 8, 1861 in Martinsburgh, Lewis county N Y, son of John and Charlotte (Heffernan) Corrigan. Educated in Lowville Univ N Y. Practiced law in Minneapolis from admission to the bar 1882 until he was elected probate judge of Hennepin county in 1890; held this office for 2 terms; went to Chicago in Dec 1897 and was appointed 3d asst corporation counsel of Chicago in Mar 1897; resigned in 1899 and returned to Minneapolis where he has been engaged in general law practice to date.

Elwood Spencer Corser
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CORSER Elwood Spencer, Minneapolis. Res 615 James av N. office new York Life bldg. Real estate and loans. Born Oct 3, 1835 in Monroe county N Y, son of Caleb Burbank and Henrietta (Spencer) Corser. Educated in public schools Ogden N Y ; Genesee Wesleyan Seminary Lima N Y. Served in 93d N Y Vol Inf Nov 1861 to Oct 1864 and was discharged for wounds received at Spottsylvania Court House Va, May 12, 1864. Engaged in real estate business in Minneapolis since 1870; pres Corser Investment Co and member of its predecessors since that date. Member Minn Society of Colonial Wars; Minn Society Sons of the Revolution; Minn Commandery of Loyal Legion; John A Rawling Post G A R; Minn State historical Society.

Frederick G. Corser
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CORSER Frederick G, Minneapolis. Res 615 James av N. office 907 N Y Life bldg. Architect. Born June 12, 1849 in Rochester N Y, son of C B and Rhoda (Chapman) Corser. Married Sept 15, 1880 to Lucinda Hewson. Educated in common school and Rochester Free Academy. Variously employed until 1878; moved to Minneapolis 1878 and has been engaged in practice of his profession to date.

Charles E. Cotton
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COTTON Charles E, Minneapolis. Res 15 E 34th st, office Nicollet and Washington av. Banker. Born April 30, 1860 in Meadville Pa, son of Austin D and Alice M (Marshall) cotton. Married 1895 to Martha M Miller. Received public school education in Franklin Pa. First engaged in bank of F W Mitchell & Co Oil City 1877; moved to Minneapolis 1886 and has been connected with Peoples Bank Minneapolis to date; is now cashr of same. Member of Auto Club.

Claude G. Cotton
[Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota, 1907, page 92, submitted by Robin Line]
Cotton, Claude G. Minneapolis. Res 1509 Clinton av, office 505 Hennepin av. Agent and manager. born July 26, 1876 in Chatfield Minn, son of Charles H. and Mary A Cotton. Married June 11, 1901 to Marion M. Williams. Graduated from Chatfield High School 1894; attended academic dept U. of M; graduated from law dept LL B 1901. State mngr Burroughs Adding Machine Co 1901 to date. Member Zeta Psi college fraternity; Roosevelt, Commercial, Minikahda, Minneapolis Athletic and Minneapolis Auto clubs; Masonic order and Shrine.

Charles F. Courtney
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COURTNEY Charles F, Minneapolis. Res 3229 Columbus av, office 302 Northwestern bldg. Lawyer. Born Sept 30, 1881 in Minneapolis, son of John P and Alice (McCarthy) Courtney. Educated in public schools Minneapolis; graduated from law dept U of M, LL B 1905; with American Adjustment co 1903; credit man Elliott Credit Co 1904; with Public Service Club 1905; now asst sec and atty Minneapolis Retail Grocers Assn.

Frank Walter Couse
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COUSE Frank Walter. Minneapolis. Res 96 Arthur av, office 79 27th av S E. Manufacturing machinist. Born June 16, 1880 in Orchard Ia son of almond D and Phoebe (Howard) Couse. Married Jan 31, 1906 to Hannah M H Hvarfven. Educated in public schools of Minneapolis. Apprentice to machinist's trade 1896; organized a manufacturing model and experimental business under firm name of Couse & Swartzenburg 1901; dissolved partnership 1902 and continued the business alone. Machine designing; perfecting of patents; experimental work; and automobile building and repairing; is the inventor of several machine appliances. Pres Cyclone Top Co; v pres Twin City Auto Car Co.

William E. Covey
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

COVEY William E. Minneapolis. Res 2416 Stevens av. Manufacturer. Born 1856 in Conn, son of William E and Sarah B (Hurlbut) Covey. Married 1880 to Leila Church. Attended public schools and graduated at Hartford Conn High School. Engaged in mercantile pursuits in Hartford Conn for 13 years; 2 1/2 years in N Dak; state mngr for Equitable Life Assurance Society of the U S; 10 years in Duluth and 8 years in Minneapolis; now pres and mngr Cereal Product Co. Member of the Conn Nat Guard 7 years; ex-member Hartford city council. Member Conn Society Sons of the American Revolution; Masonic fraternity 32d degree.

Egbert Cowles
Source: Progressive Men of Minnesota, (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

Egbert Cowles, banker, cashier of the Flour City National Bank, is the son of Lucius S. Cowles, a wholesale dry goods merchant of Galena and Freeport, Illinois. Lucius Cowles was born in Farmington, Connecticut. The Cowles family were of English origin, and settled in Farmington in 1647. They were land owners and farmers, raisers of fine stock, and in the present century engaged in journalism and other professions. Judge Alfred Cowles, a member of this family, was one of the early settlers of Illinois, having taken up his residence at Kaskaskia as early as 1823. He afterwards, at the age of sixty-six years, made a trip across the plains and mountains, arriving in San Francisco, California, in 1852. In 1864 he went to San Diego, where he remained until the time of his death, in 1887. He lived to the advanced age of one hundred years, four months and ten days. His cousin, Alfred Cowles. was one of the owners and managers of the Chicago Tribune for many years before his death, and Edwin Cowles was principal owner of the Cleveland Leader for upwards of twenty-years. Mr.Cowles' ancestry on his mother's side were New England people, prominent in the legal profession and in national politics. Her name was Louise S. Whitman, and she was a native of Farmington, where she was married. Egbert Cowles was born in Galena, Illinois, January 1, 1858, and removed with his father's family to Freeport in 1860. He attended the Freeport public schools, and was graduated by the high schools of that city, but never entered college.

He earned his first dollar by unloading a car of crockery at Freeport when sixteen years of age, and took a great deal of satisfaction in the accomplishment. In 1872 he went to Chicago, where he secured a position as messenger for the Commercial National Bank. He continued with that institution until 1880, when he traveled for two years in the Southern states on account of his health. In 1882 he obtained the position of discount clerk with the Merchants Loan and Trust Company, of Chicago, and he continued in that position until 1884. He then came to Minneapolis, where he assisted in the organization of the Scandia Bank that year, and remained with that institution until May 1886, when he was appointed assignee of the Bank of North Minneapolis. He settled up the affairs of that bank, paying in full in four months, and was appointed cashier of the German-American Bank of Minneapolis in December 1886, and remained in that position until August 1894. At that time he was engaged as manager of the Flour City National Bank of Minneapolis, and in January 1895, was elected its cashier. Mr. Cowles is a member of the Minneapolis Club and an attendant at the First Unitarian church. He is not married. Politically he claims no party affiliations, preferring to work and vote for the best man and the best cause, regardless of party lines.

Leo Melville Crafts
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis, The Minneapolis Journal (1897) Submitted by Diana Heser Morse

Among the pioneers of Minnesota was the late Major Amasa Crafts, who settled in Minneapolis in 1853. Major Crafts was an officer in the Maine troops during the Mexican War, but was never called into active service. At the outbreak of the Rebellion his health had become so impaired that he was incapacitated for active service in the cause of the Union, although it was his strong desire to offer himself in his country's service at that time. Major Crafts' family is traceable on his mother's side to the early settlement of Cambridge, Massachusetts, where Simon Stone located on the banks of the Charles River in 1635. The land occupied by him is now incorporated in beautiful Mount Auburn Cemetery; but it remained as the family estate for over two hundred years. It was known as "Sweet Auburn," and the broad sweep of lawn overlooking the river was surmounted by a spacious colonial mansion. One of Simon Stone's sons were among the earliest graduates of Harvard, and various members of the family have occupied prominent positions in Massachusetts. The Crafts family is also one of the oldest in New England, having settled in Boston in 1630, the year of the founding of the city. A branch of this family still lives on the ancestral estate. When Major Amasa Crafts, one of the founders and builders of the city of Minneapolis, located in Minnesota, he engaged in the lumbering business and in wholesale pork packing, and also acquired large real estate interests, which, with the development of the city, became very valuable. The family residence, erected in 1857 and the first brick house in the city, once stood on the present site of the Century building, corner of Fourth street and First avenue south, and at the time of its construction was regarded as quite a pretentious establishment. Major Crafts' wife was Mary Jane Henry (Crafts), who was also a native of Maine. Her male ancestors were chiefly seafaring men at the time when this country had a merchant marine of importance. The subject of this sketch was born in Minneapolis. October 3, 1863. He attended the public schools and entered the University of Minnesota, from which he was graduated in 1886. He represented his class in the home oratorical contest in his senior year. During the last two years he was leader of his class in college work, and in recognition of his standing was appointed one of the commencement orators. He gave considerable attention to gymnasium exercises and took the championship in general athletics. Mr. Crafts was urged to enter the ministry by President Northrop, of the University of Minnesota, and also by the president of Dartmouth College, but having chosen medicine for his profession he adhered to his original purpose, and prepared himself at Harvard, taking the four-year course, then optional, leading his class on the final examinations, and winning the degree of A. M. by the work attained. Subsequently, he received successive hospital appointments at the Boston City Hospital, and, being entitled by his competitive examinations to first choice, was afforded the best opportunities for the study of nervous diseases. In 1891 he was elected a member of the Hospital Club, and was received into fellowship in the Massachusetts Medical Society. During the summer of 1891 he took charge of the practice of one of the leading physicians of Boston, in his temporary absence, but in September returned to Minnesota, and has been engaged in practice in Minneapolis ever since. Dr. Crafts has contributed quite extensively to medical publications, chiefly in the line of his specialty. He holds the chair of nervous diseases in the medical department of Hamline University, and has been visiting neurologist to the Minneapolis City Hospital since 1894; also to the Good Samaritan Free Dispensary. He is a member of the board of directors of the Good Samaritan Hospital and Dispensary Association and secretary of the visiting staff; is treasurer of the Hennepin County Medical Society; treasurer of the Minneapolis Branch of the Western Society for the Suppression of Vice; a member of the American Medical Association; of the American Academy of Political and Social Science; a fellow of the Massachusetts Medical Society; a member of the Minnesota State Medical Society; a member of the Hennepin County Medical Society; a member of the Harvard Medical Alumni Association; a member of the Boston City Hospital Club, the Minnesota Congregational Club and of the Minneapolis Board of Trade. Dr. Crafts has always taken an active interest in Sunday school work, and in 1892 was elected a member of the central committee of the State Sunday School Association. In 1893 he was chosen president, and re-elected in 1894 and 1895, and is now member of the board of directors. He is president of the Minneapolis Sunday School Officers' Association, and in 1893 started, and for a year edited, the Minnesota Sunday School Herald, organ of the state association, but now merged into the International Evangel, published at St. Louis. Dr. Crafts is a Republican in politics, but has never taken a very active part in political affairs. His church membership is with the First Congregational Church of Minneapolis. He is not married.

Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CRAFTS Leo Melville. Minneapolis. Res 610 S E 5th st, office 606 Masonic temple Physician. Born Oct 3, 1863 in Minneapolis, son of Major Amasa and Mary Jane (Henry) Crafts. Educated in public schools; graduated from U of M 1886 and from Harvard Univ. Studied nervous diseases Boston Hospital. Elected member hospital Club 1891 and fellow in Massachusetts Medical Society. Returned to Minneapolis 1891 and engaged in practice to date. Member Am, Minn State and Hennepin Medical societies; Am Academy of Political and Social Science. Prominently identified with State Sunday School Assn. Member Central committee of same 1892; pres 1893-94-95; former editor Minn S S Herald.

Eugene B. Crane
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CRANE Eugene B. Minneapolis. Res 100 Seymour av S E office 725 Temple Court. Lawyer. Born Nov 4, 1840 in Sharon, Medina county O, son of William A and Laura (Chatfield) Crane. Married April 29, 1866 to Abbie Litchfield. Attended dist school at Sharon Center O until spring of 1861; Hiram Institute O under President Garfield and Burt A Hinsdale one-half term; Oberlin college O 1862-63; Univ of Mich optional course in mathematics, law course 1863-66; graduated LL B 1866. Reared on farm; taught public schools in Ohio 1863 and Mo in 1868; member Short & Crane law firm Austin Minn 1870-71; with N P Ry co as examiner and classifyer of its Minn lands 1871-72; in legal dept 1872-76; assisted in securing right-of-way through southern Minn for C G W R R 1884; member of Cameron & Crane law firm Austin Minn 1875-81; municipal judge Austin Minn 1 year; lawyer for Crane Land Co Minneapolis; Twin City collection Co 1904 to date.

Peter Bela Crane
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

Peter Bela Crane, of Minneapolis, was born in Wisconsin, March 6, 1847. His father, V. G. Crane, had shortly before that removed from New York to Wisconsin. He was a mechanic and a farmer in reduced circumstances, his lack of means bring due to prolonged illness. E. F. Crane, a brother of the father of the subject of this sketch, is a Baptist minister, now over ninety years of age, who is said to have baptized over three thousand people. The subject of this sketch attended the district school, which in the early days of Wisconsin was comparatively a primitive affair. His attendance, however, was confined chiefly to the winter months, his services, as in the case of most farmer's boys, being required on the farm in the summer. In the spring of 1869, Peter Bela Crane came to Minnesota in a covered wagon and settled on a farm near Montevideo. He has had quite a varied career, having been engaged in farming, in selling farm machinery, and as a fire and life insurance agent. In 1874 he was appointed the agent of the St. Paul Fire and Marine and the Minnesota Farmer's Fire Insurance companies, which he managed with success. In 1880 he accepted the general agency for Dakota of the St. Paul Fire and Marine Company. In 1885 he engaged in the life insurance business, and in 1887 he organized the Odd Fellow's National Benevolent Association the membership of which was confined exclusively to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. In January, 1892, the company was changed to a general insurance company of the natural premium plan. The name was also changed to the National Mutual Life Association. Mr. Crane is president of this company and is giving it his especial attention. His political affiliations are with the Republican party, although he does not take a very active part in politics. He is a member of the Montevideo Lodge, I. O. O. F., and of Sunset Lodge, A. F. & A. M. His church connections are with the Congregational body. On December 20, 1876, he was married to Miss Addie L. Lawrence, who died May 3, 1888. He has six children, Mary L., Mertle E., Alta R., Bela L., Harold C. and Gladise E.

Jay W. Crane
[Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota, 1907, page 94, submitted by Robin Line]
Crane Jay W. Minneapolis. Res 736 E 16th st. office 908 Guaranty Loan bldg, Lawyer. Born Oct 2, 1866 Perry NY, son of Rev. Stephen and C. Jane (Wintersteen). Graduated from high school Hillsdale Mich June 1883; Lombard College Galesburg Ill 1887. Commenced practice of law April 191. Member Commercial and Garfield Republican clubs; pres 5th Ward Republican Club.

William N. M. Crawford
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CRAWFORD William N M. Minneapolis. Res 102 Arthur av S E, office 616 Guaranty Loan bldg. Lawyer. Born April 20, 1872 in Becker, Sherburne county Minn, son of Joseph m and Mary J (McAllister) Crawford. Married Sept 25, 1901 to Jennie Gronnerud. Graduated from Monticello high School 1894; law dept U of M, LL B 1901. Ins solicitor and collector for Metropolitan Life Ins co 1901-02; for Minneapolis Electric Co 4 months; has practiced law in Minneapolis 1903 to date. Served 5 years in Battery B 1st Artillery M N G taking part in the Indian campaign of 1898. Pres and atty for Crawford, Stewart Co; for the Continental Debenture co; atty for Mower-Oberg Health Food Co and Lake City Realty Co.

Augustus Luther Crocker
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis, The Minneapolis Journal (1897) Submitted by Diana Heser Morse

A. L. Crocker is one of those active, enterprising business men who have done so much to make Minneapolis what it is, the commercial, industrial and financial metropolis of the Northwest. He comes of old New England stock which originally emigrated to this country from England. On both sides the family records carry back the line of descent through a long line of honorable and useful men. His father, Thomas Crocker, was a man of considerable property, whose place of business was at Paris, Oxford County, Maine. His mother's maiden name was Almira Davis, whose family was also prominent in the annals of New England. Augustus Luther was born at Paris, Maine, May 4, 1850. He attended the public schools of his native town and also at Paris Hill academy, where he prepared for Bowdoin College. He received the degree of A. M. from that institution in 1873, and also took a post-graduate course in mechanical engineering. After taking his engineering degree, he went to Europe in 1875 to pursue his engineering studies and for the advantages of travel. He traveled extensively on the Continent until 1877, when he returned to America and was for three years interested in the construction and management of openhearth and Bessemer steel works at Springfield, Illinois, and also at St. Louis. In the fall of 1880 he came to Minnesota and located at Minneapolis, where he engaged in business in the manufacturing and machinery line. Subsequently he went into the real estate and investment business. Mr. Crocker possesses an active mind and is a man of great energy and industry. He takes an active interest in whatever make for the benefit of the city at large, and has attained a leading position among the enterprising and public-spirited citizens of the city. It was at his suggestion and largely through his efforts that the Business Men's Union was organized in 1890 of which organization he was the first secretary. In 1893 he took an active part in the reorganization of the Board of Trade and was elected as its president. In January, 1895, the Northwest Business Federation was organized and Mr. Crocker was elected president, representing the Minneapolis Board of Trade. Among other important matters of public interest to which he has given a great deal of attention is the development of deep waterways and the project of connecting the great lakes with the Atlantic ocean by ship canal. Mr. Crocker was sent to the Toronto convention as a representative of the Board of Trade in 1894, and was there chosen chairman of the executive committee. He has made a special study of the subject of deep waterways and inland navigation, and prior to the Cleveland convention of 1895 carried on an active campaign among the representatives of the Northwestern and New England states in Congress, enlisting their interest in the project and pledging them to the support of legislation favorable to the construction and maintenance of deep waterways between the lakes and from the lakes to the Atlantic Coast. The success of the Cleveland convention in 1895 was largely due to his efforts in this respect and in recognition of his services he was continued in the responsible position of chairman of the executive committee. Mr. Crocker has also taken a deep interest in the cause of good city government and represented the Board of Trade in the municipal reform convention at Philadelphia in 1894, which organized the National Municipal Reform League, and also represented the same body in the national municipal reform convention in Minneapolis in December of the same year. He is a member of the executive committee of the National Municipal League, and a life member of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, and is a member of the Minneapolis Library Board. Mr. Crocker is a member of the Presbyterian Church, where the same activity which he manifests in business affairs is enlisted in the cause of religion and good morals. He was married January 3, 1883, to Clara Peabody. They have three children, Ruth, Catharine and Thomas.

Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CROCKER Augustus Luther. Minneapolis. Res 2575 Blatsdell av, office 314-315 Bank of commerce bldg. Real estate and lands. Born May 4, 1850 in Paris Me, son of Thomas and Almira (Davis Crocker. Attended public schools and Paris Hill Academy; graduated from Bowdoin College A M 1873; M E 1875. Engaged in construction and management of steel works Springfield Ill and St Louis 1877-80; then moved to Minneapolis where he has been identified ever since with all progressive movements. Was sec of the Business Men's Union 1890; pres board of Trade 1897; chairman International Deep Waterways Convention; first pres Northwest Business Federation; now member Crocker & Crowell real estate and lands.

Leon Clark Crockett
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Liz Dellinger

CROCKETT Leon Clark. Minneapolis. Res 3237 S Aldrich av, office 514 2d av S. Manufacturer. Born Aug 2, 1877 in Minneapolis son of James Willard and Ella Iola (clark) Crockett. Married May 30, 1900 to Carrol T Trask. Educated in public schools of Minneapolis and Bower's School of Shorthand 1892. Employed at Geo A Moomaw & grain commission 1893-96; Empire Elevator Co 1896-97; F H Peavey & co 1897-98; engaged in dyeing business for self 1898-1902; removed to Yakima Valley Walsh and engaged in farming 1902-1906; returned to Minneapolis 1906 and purchased the Star Baby Shoe Co; engaged in the manufacture of infants' shoes and moccasins. Member Seattle Commercial Club.

Judson Newell Cross
Source: Progressive Men of Minnesota, (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

Judson Newell Cross was born January 16, 1838, at Pogueland, Jefferson County, New York, on a farm bought by his grandfather, Theodore Cross in 1818, of Le Ray de Chaumont, the agent of Joseph Bonaparte, whose American estate was in that region. Judson was the son of Rev. Gorham Cross, who was called the father of Congregationalism in Northern New York and of Sophia Murlock (Cross). On his father's side he is descended from a long line of sturdy New England men, the family being readily traceable back to 1640, when the first member, by the name of Cross, settled on the Merrimac River, near Lawrence, Massachusetts. The old Cross homestead still belongs to, and is occupied by, a member of the family. Among the members of the Cross family were several Revolutionary soldiers. Judson's mother belonged to the Murdock family, of Townsend, Vermont. Her grandfathers were Revolutionary soldiers and among her relatives were John Reed, of Boston, said to have been the greatest lawyer that America produced before the Revolutionary war, and Rev. Hollis Reed, of Townsend, Vermont, who was the first missionary to India, first translated the Bible into the Indian language, and who wrote "India and Its People," "God in History," etc. In 1855, January 16, the day he was seventeen years old, Judson left home for Oberlin, Ohio. He remained at Oberlin College till the fall of that year, when, on account of limited means, he went to Boonville, New York, to work in a store for his uncle. In the fall of 1856 he taught school near Sandusky, Ohio, returning to Oberlin the following spring to continue his studies, and pursed this course of study in the summer at Oberlin and teaching in the winter at various places until he enlisted as a soldier in April 1861. When the new of the fall of Fort Sumter came, Professor and State Senator Munroe went from Columbus to Oberlin to enlist a company. A large church was crowded Saturday night, April 20, 1861, and at the end of an inspiring speech, Professor Munroe called for volunteers. Young Cross tried to get to the pulpit first, but the crowd in the aisle was so great that he was forced to be second on the roll. Company C of the Seventh Ohio Infantry was immediately filled, and Cross was made First Lieutenant. The regiment went with McClellan into West Virginia and Cross served through the West Virginia campaign of 1861 under McClellan, Rosencranz, Cox, and Tyler. At the Battle of Cross Lanes, August 26, 1861, he was severely wounded in the arm. He was taken prisoner, but was recaptured and sent home for surgical treatment. He was promoted to the rank of Captain of Company K, Seventh Ohio Infantry, November 25, 1861, served as a recruiting officer for a time, and rejoined his old regiment in January 1863, but on account of his old wound was obliged to resign. He then began the study of law at Albany, where he remained until June 13, 1863, when he was again commissioned First Lieutenant in the Fifth V. R. C. promoted to the rank of Captain October 28, 1863, and in April 1864, was made Adjutant General of the military district of Indiana. In July 1864, he was ordered to Washington and appointed assistant Provost Marshall. He served in the same capacity at Georgetown, was appointed one of the five Captains to muster for pay eighteen thousand returned Andersonville prisoners at Annapolis, at which he was occupied until the end of the war. After the war he resumed his law studies at Columbia Law School, graduating at Albany in the spring of 1866. He then located at Lyons, Iowa, where he practiced law for nearly ten years. In 1875 he came to Minneapolis and formed a law partnership with Judge Henry G. Hicks, to which firm Frank H. Carleton was afterwards admitted, and still later his son, Norton M. Cross. He has been connected with much important litigation, both for private individuals and corporations. In 1879 he urged in the local press the construction of the "Soo" railroad, an idea which was afterwards carried out by General Washburn. While City Attorney of Minneapolis in 1884 he framed the patrol limits ordinance and defended the same before the supreme court. He also inaugurated the litigation which resulted in the lowering of the railroad tracks on Fourth Avenue North. Mr. Cross has always been a Republican. He was elected mayor of Lyons, Iowa, in 1871, and in 1883 city attorney of Minneapolis, and held the office until 1887. He was a member of the first park commission of Minneapolis, and in 1891 was appointed United States Immigration Commissioner to Europe. Captain Cross is a member of the George N. Morgan Post, G. A. R., of the Loyal Legion, the Loyal League, Commercial Club and of Plymouth Congregational church. He was married at Oberlin, Ohio, September 11, 1862, to Clara Steele Norton, of Pontiac, Michigan, a descendant of John Steele, first official of Connecticut. They have four children living, Kate Bird, wife of United States Engineer Francis C. Shenehon, at Sault Ste. Marie; Norton Murdock, Nellie Malura, wife of Theodore MacFarlane Knappen, and Clara Amelia.

Frederick Wilbur Currier
Source: Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Kim Mohler

CURRIER Frederick Wilbur, Minneapolis. Res 2019 Kenwood pkway, office 500-516 S 3d st. Business manager. Born August 30, 1872 in Tomah, Wis, son of Frank and Ella Mary (Abbott) Currier. Educated in the Minneapolis public schools. Started in glass manufacture as apprentice to predecessor of Pittsburg Plate Glass Co 1884; northwestern mngr of Pittsburg Plate Glass Co Minneapolis 1901 to date. Member Minneapolis, Minikahda, Commercial and Minneapolis Athletic clubs Minneapolis.

Charles Cushman
Minnesota Territorial Pioneers - Biographical Sketches of Territorial Pioneers - Contributed by Jo Ann Scott

Charles M. Cushman was born at Attleboro, Mass., July 6, 1829. He came up the river on the steamboat War Eagle, arriving at Minneapolis May 6, 1857; Mrs. Cushman on Lady Franklin the previous year, both from Dunleith.
Mr. Cushman's early years were spent on his fathers farm, working summers and going to district school in the winter. Later he attended Phillips' Academy in Andover, Mass., and Bridgewater State Normal school. Before coming west he taught school for several years in his native town. On arriving in Minneapolis he was requested to take charge of the only school then in existence in Minneapolis, and did so, teaching one term. The school was located on Washington avenue, adjoining the St. James Hotel, in a two-story frame building.
He commenced business as a book seller and stationer in the summer of 1858 at 24 Washington avenue South, enlarging his store in 1865, and in 1886 built a new four-story brick block on the same ground. He is still in business at the old stand, the name of the firm now being Cushman & Plummer. Mr. Cushman was married to Emeline S. Clark November 24, 1859.

Emeline Cushman
Minnesota Territorial Pioneers - Biographical Sketches of Territorial Pioneers - Contributed by Jo Ann Scott

Emeline S. Cushman, daughter of Charles Clark, and wife of Charles M. Cushman, was born in Corning, N. Y., June 19, 1840. She came to Minneapolis with her father's family July 15, 1856, and was married to Mr. Cushman on November 24, 1859.
Mrs. Cushman's father was one of the early contractors and builders in Minneapolis, which business he followed for many years. In 1857, he built the first Hennepin, County court house at a cost of $36,000, and the same year the residence of Dr. A. E. Ames opposite, costing $12,000, and the Cataract House, now Sixth Avenue Hotel, at a cost of $30,000. He also built the first Plymouth Church edifice and many other buildings later. At Corning, N. Y., he built the first residence erected at that place.
Mr. and Mrs. Cushman have been connected with the Plymouth Congregational Church since its organization., Mr. Cushman being a deacon for several years.

Anson Bailey Cutts
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis, The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

Anson Bailey Cutts, General Ticket and Passenger Agent of the Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad, is a Southern man by birth, his father Addison D. Cutts, being a physician by profession, a graduate of the University of Virginia, and Wake Forest College, North Carolina. He gave up the practice of medicine, however, soon after graduation, to engage in commercial pursuits. He was engaged chiefly in the manufacture of naval stores in North Carolina and Georgia. On the outbreak of the civil war he entered the Confederate Army and served three years, attaining the rank of senior captain. His wife was Deborah A. Bailey. The family is of Scotch-American stock. The subject of this sketch was born at Lillington, North Carolina, October 23, 1866. His early education was under the direction of a competent governess whose unusual and peculiar capability for developing the mind and character of children left a deep impression upon her pupil. Afterwards he attended the academy in Savannah, where he prepared for the Middle Georgia Military College at Milledgeville. He left college, however, at the end of his sophomore year to accompany his family to Chicago, where business changes required his father to locate. Anson was a brilliant student and maintained a high standing in all his classes, and during his two years in college he held the first place. His first business engagement was in the capacity of messenger in the large printing and publishing house of Rand, McNally & Co., in Chicago, where he was employed from June I to September 1, 1883. He then entered the service of the Chicago & Alton railroad as a clerk in the auditor's office. He remained in that office in different positions until December 12, 1887, when an offer from the auditor of the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railway, in St. Paul, induced him to remove to that city. He remained in the employ of that company until September 1, 1890, when a better position was offered him as chief rate clerk in the passenger department of the Great Northern Railway. He continued in that position until March 4, 1892, when he resigned to accept the offer of the chief clerkship in the general ticket and passenger department of the Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad in Minneapolis. January 1, 1894, the general ticket and passenger agent of that road resigned, and Mr. Cutts was appointed to fill the vacancy with the title of acting general ticket and passenger agent, and has since been given the full title of his office. Mr. Cutts has been given responsibilities beyond what are usually imposed upon men of his years, but he has demonstrated the possession of unusual business capacity and has won the confidence of his employers and the respect of the business public for his abilities in an unusual degree. His political opinions may be said to be inherited. Born in the South, and a son of a Confederate soldier, he regards himself as a Democrat, but has never taken any active part in politics. He always votes, as every good citizen should, and, also, as good citizens frequently do, casts his vote independently, with a preference rather for the man than the ticket. He became a member of the Presbyterian church in 1886. June 5, 1895, he married Edna Browning Stokes, of Grand Forks, North Dakota.

Source: Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Kim Mohler

CUTTS Anson B, Minneapolis. Res 1941 Irving av S, office 1138 Metropolitan bldg. Railroad official. Born Oct 23, 1866 in Lillington N C, son of Addison D and Deborah A (Bailey) Cutts. Married June 5, 1895. Attended private school until 15; Chatham Academy Savannah Ga 1881-83; Middle Georgia Military College Milledgeville 1883-84. With Chicago & Alton R R 1884-87; with C St P M & O R R 1887-1900; Great Northern at St Paul 1900-1902; Minneapolis and St L 1902 to date; gen pass agt M & St L and I C Rys Jan 1, 1904 to date. Pres Aitkin Farm Co Minneapolis. Member Minikahda, Lafayette and Bryn Mawr clubs Minneapolis.

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