Hennepin County, Minnesota

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James Paige
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis, The Minneapolis Journal (1897) Submitted by Diana Heser Morse

James Paige, an attorney at law, and a teacher in the law department of the University of Minnesota, was born November 22, 1863, at St. Louis. His father is Rev. James Alexander Paige, a minister of the Presbyterian church for over forty years. Rev. Mr. Paige was a graduate of Princeton College and Theological Seminary, and was the first chaplain appointed in the War of the Rebellion by Abraham Lincoln. His commission was dated June 4, 1862, and he was assigned to the hospitals in the city of St. Louis, where he remained in service during the entire war. He is now pastor of the Presbyterian church at Carlton, Minnesota. His wife, Caroline Howe Paige, was the daughter of Hon. Zimri Howe, of Castleton, Vermont. Her grandfather, John Howe, served in the war of the Revolution, and her father, Zimri Howe, was drafted in the War of 1812, and served as secretary to General Ormes. He was a graduate of Middlebury College, of which he afterwards became trustee, and for many years was prominent at the bar and on the bench of his native state. Another ancestor of Mr. Paige's, whose name was McGoun, received by grant from George III., the water power and adjacent land at Ware, Massachusetts. It is thus seen that Mr. Paige traces his ancestry back to very early New England times. His own life, however, with the exception of his years at college, has been spent in the West. His early education was obtained in the common schools and high schools of Illinois and Missouri. At the age of sixteen he entered Philips Andover Academy, at Andover, Massachusetts; here he was first inspired with a desire for a collegiate and professional education. Graduating from Andover in 1883, he at once entered Princeton College, from which institution he graduated in 1887, receiving the degree of A. B. While in college, Mr. Paige was president of his class for some time, and he is now permanent secretary of the class organization. He was a Cliosophic and received the medal for the best disputation in the Baird prize, with special commencement honors in economics. Three years after graduating he received the degree of A. M. from Princeton. Shortly after leaving college Mr. Paige came to Minneapolis, and in the fall of 1887 he commenced the study of law. When the law department of the University of Minnesota was established, a year later Mr. Paige matriculated. He graduated from the law school in 1890 with the degree of LL. B., and he received the degree of LL. M. from the same institution about three years later. In 1890 Mr. Paige was admitted to the bar and formed a partnership for the practice of law with his brother, Howe Paige, under the firm name of Paige & Paige, which partnership still continues. After being admitted to the bar he became quiz master in the college of law, and subsequently he became teacher in the same institution. He has continued as a teacher in the law school for the past seven years. During this time, in addition to his professional work, he has published the following books: "Illustrative Cases in Torts," "Illustrative Cases in the Law of Domestic Relations," "Illustrative Cases in Partnership," "Illustrative Cases in Agency." "Illustrative Cases in Commercial Paper," and "Charts in Real Property;" and has now in course of publication, "Illustrative Cases in Criminal Law." These books are used largely throughout the law schools of the United States. Mr. Paige is a member and officer of Westminster Presbyterian church. He was married on June 10, 1895, to Miss Mabeth Hurd, daughter of Dr. Edward P. Hurd, of Newburyport, Massachusetts.

Rev. Samuel S. Paine
Source: History of Anoka County and the Towns of Champlin and Dayton in Hennepin County, Minnesota, by Albert M. Goodrich (1905) transcribed by: Helen Coughlin

Rev. Samuel S. Paine was born in Anson, Somerset Co., Maine, Aug. 10, 1831. Attended first the common school and afterward the academy at Anson, finally taking a course at the theological school at New Hampton, New Hampshire. Came to Minnesota in April, 1861, and lived first at Dayton village. During his stay there he had charge of a circuit of Free Will Baptist church organizations at Champlin, Trott brook, Dayton, Otsego and Orono. He enlisted in Company D, Second Minn. Cavalry as a private, and was shortly afterward elected chaplain of the regiment, in which capacity he served until the end of the Civil War. After the war he lived some twenty years at and near Fargo, N. D. He came to his present home in the town of Ramsey in 1903. Mr. Paine has been twice married. His first wife was Mrs. Elizabeth Moore, who died in October, 1861. His second wife was Rebecca Shumway, to whom he was married Jan. 20, 1865. The living children are: Ella Frances (Mrs. O. Dickinson, Helena, Mont.), Almyra (Mrs. Otradovec, Anoka), Lula M., Edgar R. 

Alfred Wilson Paris
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

Alfred Wilson Paris is a manufacturing confectioner and wholesaler of fruits in Minneapolis. He is the son of Henry Paris, a tea merchant, born in Liverpool, England, who came to the United States in 1850. Henry Paris married Catherine Tyler, of Gloucester, England, who is still living at the age of eighty years. Both parents of the subject of this sketch belonged to good families in that class in England known as "gentlemen farmers," people of comfortable circumstances and honorable lineage. Alfred Wilson Paris was born June 23, 1853, at London, Ontario. He attended the public schools at Detroit, Michigan, until he was fourteen years old. There being a large family (eleven children) it became necessary for Alfred to go into business at an early age. On this account he was deprived of the advantages of higher education. He came to Minnesota in the fall of 1881 and located in Minneapolis, where he embarked in the confectionery business with a brother and a Canadian named J. C. Stuart. The style of the firm was Paris, Stuart & Co. The following spring Stuart died, when S. J. Murton bought his interest and the firm incorporated their business under the name of the Paris-Murton Company, of which Alfred W. Paris was made president. He still occupies that position. As above indicated, Mr. Paris has carved out his own fortune. The first money he ever earned was paid him for loading barrel staves on a vessel at Detroit, Michigan, when he was fourteen years of age. He got twenty cents an hour and worked one day at the business, but it made such an impression on him that he has never forgotten it. He recalls it as the hardest day's work he ever did in his life. He learned the confectioner's trade in Detroit, mastering all its branches, and at the age of twenty-two was foreman in one of the largest establishments in Michigan, in which over two hundred people were employed. Subsequently he went to Jackson, Michigan, where for six years he successfully conducted a retail establishment. He then sold out and, taking Greeley's advice, came west. It was then he located in Minneapolis. Mr. Paris does not claim to belong to any political party, but generally affiliates with the Democracy, although he never voted a straight ticket. In 1886 he was nominated for alderman in the Eighth ward in Minneapolis, but was defeated, although he polled the largest vote ever cast for a Democrat in that ward. Mr. Paris is an active member of the Jobbers' Union, a member of the Royal Arcanum, is a Mason and a Shriner. He is not identified by membership with any church but grew up in the Episcopal Church. October 4, 1880, he married Lizzie Chapman, at Jackson, Michigan, and has two sons living, Harold Chapman and Benjamin Mosher. Mr. Paris is at present general manager as well as president of the Paris-Murton Company, and devotes his personal attention to the conduct of that successful concern. He has invented and patented a number of useful and valuable machines in connection with his business, which are extensively used both in England and in this country. Mr. Paris is a man who extracts a great deal of pleasure out of life, is a good entertainer and the life of any company in which he may happen to be thrown.

George Henry Partridge
Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal, 1897 - transcribed by AJ

George Henry Partridge, a member of the firm of Wyman, Partridge & Co., wholesale dry goods merchants of Minneapolis, is a splendid example of the wide-awake, progressive, enterprising and yet shrewd and judicious business man. He is the son of George H. Partridge and Mary E. Francis (Partridge), and was born at Medford, Steele County, Minnesota, August 21, 1856. His father was a farmer who responded to the call of his country when it was menaced by war and died in the service. Mr. Partridge's parents moved from Wisconsin in the early days to Minnesota, and his education was commenced in the public schools of Steele County. Subsequently he graduated at the State Normal School at Winona, and finally entered the State University of Minnesota and graduated with the class of 1879. During his school years he was dependent very largely upon his own resources, and displayed in that time the pluck and perseverance which have contributed in so large a degree to his remarkable business success. Upon the conclusion of his university course he obtained employment with the firm of Wyman & Mullen, wholesale dry goods merchants in Minneapolis, and was given charge of the department of credits. He developed extraordinary business capacity and made himself invaluable to this firm. His ability and industry were recognize in 1890, when Mr. Mullen retired on account of ill health and Mr. Partridge, who had then been nearly ten years in the employ of the firm, came in as a partner, the style of the firm being Wyman, Partridge & Co., and composed of O. C. Wyman, George H. Partridge and Samuel D. Coykendall. This is the largest wholesale dry goods house in the Northwest, and its business has grown within a decade from half a million a year to probably ten times that amount. Mr. Partridge is a democrat and takes an active interest in local and national politics. He is relied upon by his party for important service on committees and in campaign work, and never shirks his duty as a citizen in that respect. Mr. Partridge was married January 24, 1882, to Adelaide Wyman, daughter of O. C. Wyman, and has three children, Helen, Marion and Charlotte. He is constantly strengthening his position in business circles in the Northwest, and not only has already achieved a brilliant commercial career, but has a prospect of still greater success in the future. This he has accomplished by his ability and fidelity in a responsible business position and unaided by the influence of friends or the possession of wealth with which to pave the way.

Robert H. Patterson
[Source: Encyclopedia of Biography of Minnesota, History of Minnesota by Judge Charles E. Flandreau, 1900, transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman]

Robert H Patterson, a prominent business man of Minneapolis, was the sixth of a family of eight children, five of whom are living. He is a native of the State of Ohio, and was born in the city of Athens, in the county of the same name. His father, John Patterson, was born in the year 1809, in Washington county, Pennsylvania, and lived to the age of sixty-five years, dying in 1874. The education of Robert was begun in the public schools of Ohio. He was able to go to school during the winter season only, being employed at farming in the summer. Later he was enabled to enter an academy in his native town, where he attended two terms. He then entered the Ohio University at Athens, attending that institution for one year. After completing his studies, he visited what was then the West - Illinois and Iowa. He taught school for a year and a half in Iowa, but his tastes inclined him to a commercial life, and accordingly, in 1870, he went to work in the capacity of an employe under his brother, who had organized a wholesale boot and shoe house at Chillicothe, Ohio, under the firm name of Miller, Patterson & Company. He remained with this house for eight years, beginning with the modest salary of fifty dollars per month, and gradually working up. By virtue of his natural thrift and economical habits, he succeeded in saving during that time the sum of $5,000. With this hard earned accumulation he organized a hat and cap business in the same town, taking in a partner. He continued in this business for about six years, when he sold out and removed to Minneapolis, in February, 1884. He took in as a partner James Chestnut, and established a business at No. 204 Nicollet avenue. In 1887 Mr. Chestnut sold out his interest in the firm to a Mr. Dickinson, who came from Cincinnati, Ohio. Mr. Patterson continued in partnership with Mr. Dickinson for four years, when he again changed partners, Mr. Dickinson giving place to Mr. Stevenson, with whom he has been associated ever since, under the firm name of Patterson & Stevenson. They have built up an enormous trade in hats, caps, gloves and furs, their house having the reputation of being one of the largest jobbing hat and cap firms in the Northwest. A large measure of Mr. Patterson's success is due to the fact that he is a man of systematic habits in business, having a place for everything and keeping everything in its place. As a result of his methodical habits, the smallest details of his business are not neglected, but receive their due attention. He is a modest, unassuming gentleman, not given to ostentation. He has a warm place in the hearts of his numerous friends, many of whom have been on intimate terms with him, either in business or social relations, for many years. Mr. Patterson has been twice married. His first wife, to whom he was united June 15, 1875, was Miss Estelle De Voss, of Greenfield, Ohio. She passed away July 4, 1884. On May 15, 1890, he was married to Miss Lavenia De Voss, also of Greenfield. Mr. and Mrs. Patterson reside on Park avenue, where they take pleasure in entertaining their many friends. In politics Mr. Patterson affiliates with the Republicans, although he has never sought any political position, he has been a member of the Westminster Presbyterian church, Minneapolis, for fifteen years; also a member of the Commercial Club and Board of Trade.

Peter Paulson
[Source: A History of The Swedish-Americans of Minnesota, A. E. Strand, Vol. 3, page 784-787 submitted by Robin Line]
Peter Paulson, a well-known railroad contractor of Minneapolis, was born in Barseback, Malmahus Ian, Sweden, May 28, 1859, his parents being Paul and Inga (Anderson) Olson. They were the parents of seven children, of whom five are still living, namely: Paul, Nils and Andrew each owning a farm in Sweden; and Harry (Hans) and Peter in America.

Mr. Paulson received his education in the public schools of his native parish and was confirmed in the Lutheran church. Since attaining the age of sixteen years he has done the work of a man, for some time working hard on his father's farm, which he had to manage, as his father died when he was a small boy. In 1880 he decided to find a broader field and wider opportunities for his activities, and emigrated to the United States, reaching Minneapolis during the first week of November.

The first work undertaken in Minneapolis by Mr. Paulson was that of a laborer on a railroad and with the exception of six weeks spent on a farm, he has since that time been two or three years in this country, being of an energetic and ambitious nature, Mr. Paulson began taking small contracts in railroad work, gradually gaining experience, as well as reputation in this line, and becoming able to take constantly increasing jobs. As his business grew larger than he could handle alone to advantage, he took as partner P. Lindquist, and the firm name became Paulson & Lindquist; in 1890 Mr. Lindquist withdrew from the firm and Mr. Paulson then took John Larson into the business as partner. In 1906 they took into partnership with them John A. Johnson, then taking the firm names of Paulson, Larson & Company. They do a large business in general railroad contracting work, mostly in the past for Chicago & Northwestern Railroad Company during the last sixteen years, although they have received large contracts for other companies; their last contract in 1908 was for building an extension of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad in the vicinity of Gleason, Wisconsin. The enterprise has been very successful, as all members of the firm are well informed along the line of their endeavors, and take keen interest in the faithful fulfillment of the work undertaken by them.

During the winter of 1888-9 Mr. Paulson visited his native country. His father having died when he was but eight years old, he early had to look out for his own interests, and as he has himself remarked, he has "worked hard all his lifetime in order to get his present home," which he may well be proud of, as it is modern, comfortable and attractive in every respect; it is located in 1622 Park street, South. The family attends the St. John's Lutheran church, where they are members.

Mr. Paulson married Desiree Evrard, of French parentage, born in Waukesha, Wisconsin, and to them have been born two daughters, Colthilde Ethel, born January 1, 1891, and Amy Eulalia, born February 19, 1894; both attending the Central High School and studying music.

Frank H. Peavey
[Source: Encyclopedia of Biography of Minnesota, History of Minnesota by Judge Charles E. Flandreau, 1900, transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman]

Among the names which stand most significantly for the industrial and social progress, not only of the State which enrolls them as citizens, but of the whole great Northwest, is that of Frank Hutchison Peavey. He is a native of Maine, born in the city of Eastport, on the 18th of January, 1850. His paternal grandfather was Gen. Charles Peavey (a native of New Hampshire), who was prominent in the military a affairs of the State of Maine and one of the leading merchants and lumber manufacturers of the State, located at Eastport, he was highly esteemed for his ability and force of character. During the war of 1812, Eastport was captured by the British forces, and General Peavey removed his family to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, where some of his children were born. Albert D. Peavey, the father of Frank H., was born and reared in Eastport, Maine, and when arriving at the age of maturity, became associated with his father in the very prominent mercantile and lumber firm of Peavey & Son. He died in 1859, when our subject was but nine years of age, leaving also a widow and two younger children. The maiden name of Mrs. Peavey, the mother of Frank H., was Mary Drew, a daughter of Daniel Drew, a successful merchant of Eastport and a man of vigorous mind and body. Mrs. Peavey is still living, in the beautiful home built for her by her devoted son, at Sioux City, Iowa, where she is highly esteemed for her bright mind, force of character and many womanly graces. The five or six years following his father's death were uneventful ones to Frank H. He attended the common schools of Eastport, studied well and played heartily, being blessed with excellent health and spirits. Nothing in the external circumstances of his life distinguished him essentially from the boys with whom he mingled or pointed to a remarkable career for him; but there was an internal circumstance of inherited ambition and perseverance, working like leaven in the uniformed character. His father's death had curtailed the opportunities which would otherwise have been open to him in his native city, at the same time creating in him an early sense of responsibility as the male head of the family, and the expanding energy within him yearned for the roomy region of the West. In April, 1865, at the age of fifteen, he set out for the Eldorado of his dreams, arriving in due time in Chicago, where he soon secured employment as messenger boy in the Traders National Bank. He subsequently obtained the position of bookkeeper in the Northwestern National Bank, which he retained until compelled by illness to return to his native city for recuperation. Within a year he decided upon a move which later events proved to have been a most wise and fortunate one. Returning to Chicago he secured a position as head bookkeeper in the large general store of H. D. Booge & Company, at Sioux City, Iowa; and before attaining his majority he became a partner in the agricultural implement house of Booge, Smith & Peavey, which was succeeded by the firm of Evans & Peavey, and in due time developed into the wholesale hardware house of Peavey Brothers. To their implement business Evans & Peavey added the buying of grain, and erected a small elevator at Sioux City. Shortly afterwards Mr. Peavey bought out his partner's interest, and through negotiations with prominent millers of Minneapolis, obtained authority to act as agent for the purchase of wheat. Thus was formed the nucleus from which, by a process of gradual yet rapid expansion, his business has developed to its present colossal proportions. The modest little elevator at Sioux City became the progenitor of numerous and more imposing ones, which mark the course of the Northwestern Railway system through Northern Iowa, Southern Minnesota and South Dakota; the largest, at Duluth, holding 5,000,000 bushels, and the combined capacity of all being 35,000,000 bushels. The extension of the business in time necessitated the removal of his headquarters to Minneapolis, which was effected in 1884. During the fifteen years since he established his offices in that city the business of F. H. Peavey & Company has made strides commensurate with the proportions of the giant it had already become, until now it undoubtedly leads all concerns of its kind in the world. In contemplating such phenomenal development of an industry under the guidance of an individual, one is struck with amazement that any man can do so much; and, indeed, no man can, except as he cooperates with evolutionary forces. The underlying secret of the vast successes of the world's industrial leaders is that deep-seeing and far-seeing faculty by which they discern the progressive trend and play into Nature's bands. Having thus watched and studied his business throughout his growth, Mr. Peavey knows it familiarly in all its ramifications, and is able to keep his affairs well in hand without giving up his whole time to them. He has a multitude of interests, not a few of which are of a philanthropic character. The Samaritan Hospital at Sioux City - an institution well worthy of its name - owes its freedom from debt and increased usefulness to his bounty and influence. Educational matters lie always near his heart, and he has been for several years a member of the Board of Education of Minneapolis. He loves his adoptive city, having imbibed to the full the contagion of pride and enthusiasm which characterizes her citizens, and he is a zealous and powerful promoter of her public enterprises. And beyond his city and his State, his interest is extended and his influence felt, even to the furthest limits of the Northwest. While residing in Sioux City, Mr. Peavey organized and served as president of the Security National Bank, which is now the leading national bank of that city. He is one of the directors of the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Railway, as also of the Minneapolis & St. Louis line. Two classes of people who find in Mr. Peavey a faithful champion are the poor and the young. He is a man of broad charities, not the less so because he follows the more rational modern method of helping people to help themselves. He is the author of an unique scheme for stimulating the newsboys of Minneapolis to economy, by inducing them to deposit regularly a portion of their slender earnings in the bank, with an arrangement for having the sum doubled from his own account every three months. This plan has started many a boy, who without such a stimulus might have developed habits of indolence or extravagance, on the road to a successful business career; for to the impressionable mind of a boy, quite as much as to his seniors, the possession of property gives a sense of dignity and responsible citizenship. So great is the concern which Mr. Peavey has manifested for the waif population of Minneapolis, that it has sometimes been called his hobby. Apart from his acts of more direct benevolence, Mr. Peavey is in himself a constant incentive to thrift and prudence, setting a wholesome example of industry and abstinence from risky speculation. To the army of men in his employ he pays good salaries, justly and beneficently requiring in return a full equivalent of good service. Loyal as is Mr. Peavey to Minneapolis, and the whole region over which his commercial interests extend, he still cherishes a deep tenderness for his native New England. As his Western interests and affections center in Minneapolis, so his Eastern ones center in the city of his birth; and Eastport, Maine, is indebted to him for its public library, he having several years ago donated funds for its erection. It is called the "Albert Peavey Memorial Building," in honor of his father, and is at once a rich public boon and a splendid filial monument. As he is a lover of nature, so Mr. Peavey is a lover of art - nature's reflection - in which he is a connoisseur; and he has a large private collection of choice and rare pieces, an ideal retreat from the prose of business life. A description of Mr. Peavey's person would coincide with his character, broad, massive, vital, of an easy and agreeable magnetic presence. He looks, as he is, well able to bear his full share of the world's burdens; but he shrinks from notoriety with positive aversion, and but reluctantly consents to this portraiture in recognition of the urgent modern demand for such an introduction to the men who stand back of our progressive institutions. One of the leading bankers of Chicago, who has known Mr. Peavey intimately during the greater part of his business career, says of him:

"He is a man of remarkable executive ability, especially along the lines of organization, he has a peculiar faculty for selecting bright and able men for the component parts of this great organization. Those who catch the inspiration and 'pull with him' are sure of their reward. But there is no place for drones in the Peavey hive. During his entire business career, Mr. Peavey has made it a point to be prompt, even punctilious, in meeting every financial obligation. More than this, he has many times assisted those in financial straits in times of business depression, by paying his obligations before they became due; he, by his business sagacity and thrift, having the ready money to do so. As a result of his business methods, Mr. Peavey has established his reputation with bankers, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, as a man of the highest commercial honor."

In 1872 Mr. Peavey was married to Miss Mary D. Wright, eldest daughter of Hon. George G. Wright, one of the most prominent residents of Des Moines, Iowa. Judge Wright has been a member, both of the State Legislature and the United States Senate; was for fifteen years on the Supreme Court Bench, and for a number of years Chief Justice; founded the State University Law School, and is one of the founders of the Republican party in Iowa. Mr. Peavey is the devoted father of three children: Lucia Louisa, Mrs. Frank T. Heffelfinger since October, 1895; Mary Drew, wife of Frederick P. Wells since September, 1898, and George Wright Peavey. The sons and sons-in-law are all members of the firm of F. H. Peavey & Company, and they vie with each other in loyalty to the firm and respect for the founder. Two little representatives of a new generation, Frank Peavey and Totten Heffelfinger, have come to add their sanction to their grandsire's gray hairs and a generous contribution to the joy of his domestic hearth.

Arnt Kjosnes Pederson
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

A. K. Pederson is the son of Peder Olson Kjosnes and Helga Arntsdatter Vigen (Kjosnes). Following the usual custom of the Norwegian people, he adopted as his surname Pederson; that is, to say, Arnt, of Kjosnes, the son of Peder. He was born December 28, 1845, in the parish of Sielbo, near Throndhjem, Norway. His ancestors were nearly all tillers of the soil. On account of the father being in straightened circumstances financially, the children (of whom there were
eight) were compelled in early youth to help in the work on the farm. From his eighth to his twelfth year, Arnt alternately worked at his own home and for his neighbors, his younger brothers having grown up so he could be spared from home. He received his education in the common "religious school," which he attended until his fifteenth year. He then left home and commenced work in a saw mill, continuing in this occupation for four years, until he was unfortunate enough to have three fingers cut off. The following winter he drove a team, but in the spring started at work in a saw mill again, where he remained for five years, or until 1869, when he emigrated to America. Having no money of his own, he borrowed sufficient funds to cross the ocean, and arrived in Minneapolis May 16, 1869. He immediately commenced work at his former occupation, that of tending a circle saw in a saw mill. He kept steadily at this work for eleven years, when he was compelled to quit on account of the growing weakness of his eyes, caused by constant straining. During this time, however, Mr. Peterson had been frugal in his habits and had obtained a house and lot in Minneapolis. This he now mortgaged for two thousand and five hundred dollars, and getting a bill of lumber went to Appleton, Minnesota, where he engaged in the lumber business. In this he has been very successful, now conducting one of the most extensive lumber and hardware business, between Minneapolis and Aberdeen. At first, on account of the money he had outstanding among the farmers, Mr. Pederson was somewhat handicapped in securing credit for lumber, and remembers with grateful appreciation the assistance afforded him by the old Washburn Mill Company, and states that they were more beneficial to him than the commercial agencies. In connection with his lumber and hardware business, Mr. Pederson also owns a tin shop and a harness shop, and deals in lime, brick, paint, wood, coal, etc. He was instrumental in organizing the Citizens Bank, of Appleton, in 1892, of which institution he is president. In politics Mr. Pederson has always cast his lot with the Republican party, and is an enthusiastic supporter of its principles. His first vote he cast for General Grant for president. He has been active in local politics, but has held no office except that of town supervisor for two terms, and member of the village council for twelve years successively one excepted. On May 22, 1870. Mr. Pederson was married to Mary O. Fuglem, who was also born in Selbo, Norway. They have had ten children, of whom six are living; five boys and one girl.

Robert L. Penny
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

Robert L. Penney is a native of Connecticut. He was born at Watertown, in that state. William Penncy, his father, for many years followed the occupation of farming. In 1870 he moved to New Haven, Connecticut, and engaged in the boot and shoe business, at which he was moderately successful. He died at New Haven in 1884, at the age of seventy-six years. Julia Maria Weller (Penney), the mother of the subject of this sketch, was a daughter of Justus Weller, of Bridgewater, Connecticut, who for many years was a justice of the peace in Litchfield County, and had the confidence of the community in which he lived for his honesty and integrity. Mrs. Penney was for many years a contributor to the popular magazines of her time, and was a woman possessed of rare graces of mind and person, her life being an inspiration and a benediction to her children as well as to all with whom she came in contact. Her demise occurred at New Haven a year previous to her husband's death. The parents were not able to give their son a collegiate education, but Robert possesed a strong will and sufficient courage to work his way, which he ultimately did, but only after suffering many hardships. Up to his thirteenth year his education was received in the district schools. He then went to Millertown, Duchess County, New York, and for three years attended an academy at that place. Desiring to enter the Oneida Conference Seminary at Cazenovia, New York, and not having sufficient funds to do so, he set about earning money for that purpose. By working on neighbors' farms he was able within a year to accumulate enough money to pay for the first quarter's tuition at that institution. Additional funds were obtained by teaching school. He graduated from the Seminary as salutatorian of his class. He then entered Yale College Law School, graduating in 1876. He stood third in his class and received honorable mention by Chief Justice Waite, of the United States Supreme Court, who delivered the graduating address. For some time afterward he lived at Newark, New Jersey, but thinking the West afforded him better opportunities, he came to Minnesota in October, 1880, and located at Minneapolis. His practice at first was rather limited, but in 1882 he went into partnership with L. L. Baxter (now judge of the district court at Fergus Falls, Minnesota,) and Anton Grethen, under the firm name of Baxter, Grethen & Penney. This partnership continued until Mr. Baxter's elevation to the bench. He continued in practice alone for some time until the law firm of Jordan, Penney & Hammond was formed. This partnership was dissolved by the removal of Messrs. Jordan and Hammond to Tacoma, Washington. In 1886 Mr. Penney was elected to the office of special judge of the municipal court, but the supreme court declared the election unconstitutional and void. Two years later he was on the Democratic ticket for county attorney, but was defeated by Robert Jamison. In 1890 Mr. Penney was nominated on the legislative ticket, his former opponent being nominated by the Republicans to the same office. Mr. Penney won, and his nomination had not been announced more than ten minutes before he and Mr. Jamison had formed a law partnership, under the name of Penney & Jamison, which continued until Mr. Jamison's appointment to the district bench. Mr. Penney then formed a partnership with Victor Welch and Marcus P. Hayne, and under the name of Penney, Welch & Hayne. This partnership was dissolved in April, 1895, since which time Mr. Penney has practiced alone. He has enjoyed a large practice, and one that has proven quite remunerative. In national politics he is a sound money Democrat, but independent in local matters. He is a member of the A. F. & A. M., Royal Arch Masons, B. P. O. E., and the A. O. U. W., also of the Commercial Club of Minneapolis. He was married in 1875 to Mary E. Leete, daughter of Thaddeus Leete, of Madison, Connecticut, and has one child, Florence J. Mrs. Penney is a direct descendant of William Leete, one of the first governors of Connecticut.

Charles A. Peterson
[Source: A History of The Swedish-Americans of Minnesota, A. E. Strand, Vol. 3, page 777-778 submitted by Robin Line]
Charles A. Peterson, of the firm of Peterson & Larson, grocers, was born January 1, 1866, in Sweden, and is a son of Peter Johnson. Peter Johnson was a farmer in early life, and having met with financial reverses, devoted the latter part of his life to the making and repairing of shoes; he died about 1889.

His son, Charles A. Peterson, received his education in the public schools of Sweden, after which he worked on a farm until 1889, at which time he emigrated to the United States. He first located at Minneapolis, working at various things as opportunity offered, for about seven years. In 1897 Mr. Peterson engaged in the creamery and grocery business at 926 East Twenty-fourth street, and conducted same successfully for five years and then sold out. For about a year he was out of business, and then engaged in the creamery business at 813 East Twenty-eighty street, and for seven years successfully did business at this stand. He then located at 2845 Chicago avenue, in partnership with John Larson, in the grocery business, and under the firm name of Peterson & Larson they met with a very fair degree of success. Their store has modern equipments, and their shelves are well stocked with an attractive line of goods. They have an increasing patronage, and an established reputation for fair dealing. Mr. Peterson is a member of the Free Mission church. He is an enterprising and valuable citizen, and takes a keen interest in the progress and well-being of the city.

Mr. Peterson married, July 25, 1891, Clara M. Carlson, who was born and educated in Sweden, and to them have been born seven children, namely: Treckler L., Esther M., Carl A., Arthur N., Alvira M., William Theodore P., and Margaret, who died at the age of eighteen months.

Claus Otto Peterson
[Source: A History of The Swedish-Americans of Minnesota, A. E. Strand, Vol. 3, page 775-776 submitted by Robin Line]
Claus Otto Peterson, ex-alderman of Minneapolis, present street commissioner and one of the most widely known and honored residents of the southern part of the city, is especially strong with the home working classes, of which he has been an active member and a large employer for many years. He has been a citizen of Minneapolis since 1880, when he came from Sweden as a young man of twenty-four, who had patriotically fulfilled his military duty to his fatherland and was otherwise prepared to take an unimpeded hand in the advancement of his private interests and those of the community which should benefit him. Born in Aker parish, Smaland, on the 2nd of February, 1856, he is a son of Peter Jonsson and Kajsa (Johansson) Peterson. His father was a well known farmer of the parish, who died in 1874, at the age of sixty-eight, while his mother, who was born in Oderstuga parish, Smaland, in 1813, passed away in 1902.

Claus O., the youngest of the six children born to Mr. and Mrs. Peter J. Peterson, attended the public schools in his native parish until he was fifteen, when he made his home with his oldest sister, who had married and was residing in Byarums parish, Smaland. There he remained during his military service and until he came to Minneapolis in 1880. His first six months were spent as a "lumber shover," but in 1881 he obtained employment in the Minneapolis Harvester Works and commenced to advance. He was soon promoted to be shipping clerk and after holding that position for two years decided to learn a trade. Mr. Brunsell,under whom he commenced to learn the trade of plastering in 1883, is still living in Minneapolis. The mastery of this trade occupied Mr. Peterson three years and then he bough his employer's business. He is still actively engaged in that line, employing about ten men in the carrying out of his contracts, and he is therefore one of the Minneapolis veterans in his field.

Since his arrival in Minneapolis Mr. Peterson has been a resident of the Eleventh ward; two months afterward he got out his "first papers," and has ever since been a Republican voter and worker. He was soon being sent as a delegate to city and county conventions and for many ears has been an attendant at all the imprint gatherings of his party in Minneapolis, having also served as a delegate on all the important committees. In 1898 he was elected alderman from his home ward, serving his full term of four years and then being defeated for reelection by only nine votes. In 1906 he was appointed to his present office of street commissioner, in which his long experience as a handler of men and his thorough business qualifications are only two of the many strong qualifications which he possesses for the able discharge of his official duties. In regard to his religion, Mr. Peterson has been a member of the Mission Friends' Church for the past thirty years; his children are all baptized in that faith also, and the entire family are regular attendants at the Mission tabernacle.

In a final review of Mr. Peterson's immediate family it should added that his oldest sister, Brita Stina, was married to Anders Johan Sveningson, quite a wealthy farmer of Byarums parish, Sweden, where she now resides as his widow. Anders Johan Peterson, the oldest brother, was a farmer, who died in Sweden in 1908, leaving a family. Stina Kajsa, who was born in 1841, married Swan Johnson, a building contractor of Red Wing, Minnesota, and Johanna, another sister, became Mrs. August Johansson and the mother of several children, the family living in Akers parish, Sweden. Johannes Vilhelm Peterson, who is married and the father of a family, was educated in an agricultural school of his native country and is now the manager for a large industry at Langsele, Sweden.

Claus Otto Peterson was married, October 8, 1887, to Miss Ida Josefina Anderson, daughter of Johan Peter Anderson, a farmer of Grenna parish, Smaland, where she was born March 25, 1858. One of her brothers lives in Sweden; the other, in the United States. The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Claus O. Peterson were: Ellen Katherine, born August 2, 1888, who is a stenographer in Minneapolis and resides at home; Clarence Cyrus, born October 23, 1890, who is a student at the state university; Harriet Irene, born April 29, 1893, attending the Minneapolis high school; and William Richard, a public school pupil. The family residence is at 2708 East Twenty-second street, this fine home being erected by Mr. Peterson in 1890.

James A. Peterson
Source: Progressive Men of Minnesota, (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

James A. Peterson, county attorney of Hennepin County, owes what measure of success he has achieved almost entirely to his own efforts. His father, Aslak Peterson, a farmer in ordinary circumstances in Dodge County, Wisconsin, is still living on the same farm which he patented from the government under the homestead law. Mr. Peterson's mother was Karen Marie Ostenson. Both father and mother were born near Skien, Telemarken, Norway. They belonged to the agricultural classes, and emigrated from that country in 1849. In that year they settled in Dodge County, Wisconsin, where they have lived ever since. The subject of this sketch was born near the village of Alderly, Dodge County, Wisconsin, January 18, 1859. He attended the country school until fourteen years of age when he went to school in the neighboring villages of Hartford and Oconomowoc. Mr. Peterson was ambitious to obtain a college education, and although his parents were unable to provide him with means to do so he did not hesitate to strike out, relying upon his own resources to get an education. He entered the sub-freshmen department of the University of Wisconsin and prepared for college. He entered the freshmen class in the classical course of the university in the fall of 1880, and graduated from that institution with a degree of A. B. in 1884. Mr. Peterson taught school a part of the time while he was in college in order to pay his expenses and earned the money to pay for his own education through the entire course, with the exception of the last year when he had help from his father. He had the legal profession in view and continued the study of law in the same institution, graduating from the law department in 1887, with the degree of LL. B. Mr. Peterson had commenced the study of law in 1885, after graduation from the university, with W. S. Field, of Viroqua, and while in the law school studied in the office of J. L. Connor, of Madison. He came to Minneapolis August 18, 1887, and began the practice of his profession, and has been so engaged in this city ever since. January 1, 1893, he was appointed assistant county attorney of Hennepin County by Honorable Frank Nye, and was re-appointed to the same office January 1, 1895. Mr. Peterson was elected county attorney of Hennepin County in November 1896. He is also connected in business with Robert S. Kolliner, the style of the firm being Peterson & Kolliner. Mr. Peterson has always been a Republican and has always taken an active part in politics. He stumped the State of Wisconsin for Blaine in 1884, the year of his graduation from college, and did a like service for Harrison in Minnesota in 1892. He was a member in college of the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity, is a member now of the Masonic Order, and belongs to the Knights of Pythias, in church relations he is an Episcopalian and a member of Gethsemane Church in Minneapolis. Mr. Peterson was married at Perry, Dane County, Wisconsin, November 19, 1889, to Marie Emilie Dahle. Mrs. Peterson is a graduate of the University of Wisconsin, in the same class of which Mr. Peterson was a member, and where she took the degree of Bachelor of Letters, and is a lady of fine attainments. Mr. and Mrs. Peterson have one child living, Amy Bell, born January 11, 1891.

Johannes Otto Peterson
[Source: A History of The Swedish-Americans of Minnesota, A. E. Strand, Vol. 3, page 776-777 submitted by Robin Line]
Johannes Otto Peterson, well-known pharmacist, Minneapolis, born at Edh Woxtorp, Smaland, Sweden, August 29, 1864, is a son of Peter and Martha (Johannesson) Anderson. They lived on a farm and were the parents of eight children, the oldest of whom was Gustafva. Gustafva Peterson married (first) John Danielson, and they had four children, two daughters and two sons; two sons and one daughter became pharmacists and the remaining daughter married a hotelkeeper of North Dakota. After the death of her husband Mrs. Danielson married J. C. Dahl, a merchant of Spring Lake, Minnesota. Johan Gustaf, the second child of Peter and Martha Anderson, has taken the old homestead in Sweden; Anna, the third child, married John Dahl, a farmer of Chisago county, Minnesota; the next, Mathilda, married S. G. Johnson, also a farmer of Chisago county; Anders Peter is a farmer in Isanti county, Minnesota; Johannes Otto is the sixth child; Elis, the seventh child, married John P. Leaf, of Pine River, Minnesota; and the youngest, Frank William, is proprietor of the drug store in the Andrus Building, Minneapolis.

J. O. Peterson received his early education in the public schools of his native land, and was confirmed int he Lutheran church. In 1880, when he was fifteen years of age, he emigrated to the United States and located at Prophetstown, Illinois, where for about six months he worked at various things as he found an opening. He secured employment in the drug store of Dr. R. E. Barnes, who subsequently removed to Orion, Illinois, Mr. Peterson going with him. He worked for Dr. Barnes a few years, meanwhile attending the public and high school of that town as opportunity offered. In the spring of 1884 Dr. Barnes sold his interest and Mr. Peterson then removed to Minneapolis, where four years later he graduated from the Minnesota Institute of Pharmacy. Soon after he opened a drug store on his own account, at Seven Corners; beginning on a small scale, he has increased his business as time went on, and at present is proprietor of one of the largest stores in this line kept by a Scandinavian in the state. His integrity and probity are well known, and he has a large circle of friends. He has taken thirty-two degrees in Masonry, being a Shriner, and is also affiliated with several other societies. He and his family attend st. John's Lutheran church. In 1900 Mr. Peterson sent for his parents and purchased for them a a home at Spring Lake, Minnesota, where his mother still resides; his father died in 1904.

Mr. Peterson married, in 1889, Mary Anderson, who was born at Wislanda, Sweden, November 11, 1865, and came to Minneapolis in childhood. They are parents of nine children, namely: Hugo, born January 15, 1890, expects to become an analytical chemist, has passed examination for assistant pharmacist, and is now studying this branch at the University of Minnesota; Rudolph Washington, born July 4, 1892; Verner, born June 3, 1894, and Helen, Edna, James Otis, Paul, Irene and Kenneth. Mr. Peterson's drug store is located at 1501-3 Washington avenue, South, on very valuable property, owned by him, and his residence is 1921 Elliott avenue.

Walter Friedrich Leopold Max Petzet
Source: Progressive Men of Minnesota, (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

Walter Friedrich Leopold Max Petzet, since he has become a practical business-like American, simply signs himself Walter Petzet. His father, Georg Christian Petzet, is editor-in-chief of the Allgemeine Zeitung, in Munich. He is a gentleman of fine literary and artistic attainments, a graduate of the universities at Leipsic and Munich and for the past thirty years an editor and publisher of wide influence in southern Germany. Walter Petzet's mother, before her marriage, was Valesca Krause, daughter of an officer in the Prussian Army. She was descended from an aristocratic family who held an influential position in the Prussian court and a high rank in the Prussian Army; in fact, Mr. Petzet's grandmother on his mother's side was a von Foris et Valois, from that celebrated French family which gave France several kings. Her grandparents were among the persecuted Huguenots, who were obliged to leave France and make their home in Prussia under Frederick the Great. Walter Petzet was born October l9, 1866, at Breslan. He received the educational training regarded as necessary in cultured German families. He attended the gymnasium in Breslau and also in Augsburg, and later took lectures at the Munich University. In 1882 he entered the Munich Royal Academy of Music where he studied counter-point and composition with Joseph Rhineberger, score reading and conducting with Ludwig Abel; piano with Joseph Giehrl, and graduated at the head of his class, in 1886. In 1885, while a student, he was awarded a special diploma for excellence in piano playing, the only one granted at that place for three years. Many of his compositions were brought out while he was studying at that conservatory, and when he was only eighteen years of age he played a concerto with orchestra, of his own composition, in public. After leaving the conservatory he went in 1887 to Frankfurt to study with Hans von Bulow. About this time Mr. Petzet was induced to come to America, and in the fall of 1887 he arrived in the United States. He spent the first three years in Minneapolis, being attached part of the time to the Northwestern Conservatory of Music. In 1890 he accepted a position in the Chicago Musical College at double the salary he had been receiving in Minneapolis, remained there for about a year, and in 1891 went to New York City on a two years contract as first teacher of advanced classes in piano and theory at the Scharwenka Conservatory. He declined further engagement with that institution and devoted a year to composing and practicing, giving but few private lessons. In 1894 he was engaged as director of the Musical Department of the Planning College in Minneapolis, but has recently withdrawn from that institution and is engaged as a private teacher of the piano, Mr. Petzet has re-visited his old home since he came to America, and in fact has crossed the ocean nine times. On one of these trips, on August 23, 1889, he was married to Miss Antonie Abel, daughter of one of his early instructors, the celebrated violinist, Prof. Ludwig Abel, concert master of the Bavarian Court Orchestra and inspector of the Royal Academy of Music in Munich. Mr. and Mrs. Petzet have one child, Eva Leonore Susanne, born August 4, 1894, in Munich. Prof. Petzet has devoted considerable time to musical composition. His works are mostly manuscript and in part large pieces for orchestra and chorus and among them is an opera. Several have been performed with great success, and his newest production, a symphonic poem, has been accepted by the Philharmonic Orchestra of Munich, which is in itself a rare honor. His published compositions include songs, piano and chamber music, and choruses, and have been brought out in Boston, Cincinnati, in Leipsic, Berlin and Vienna.

Charles Alfred Pillsbury
Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal, 1897 - transcribed by AJ

Charles Alfred Pillsbury is a name more widely known than that of any man in Minnesota. He was for a long time the head of the famous milling firm of Charles A. Pillsbury & Company, and is now manager of the Pillsbury-Washburn syndicate, the largest flour milling organization in the world. Mr. Pillsbury is a native of New Hampshire, having been born at Warner, Merrimac County, October 3, 1842, the son of George A. Pillsbury, a merchant of that place, now a resident of Minneapolis, ex-mayor of the city, a member of the milling firm of C. A. Pillsbury & Co., and identified with many of the important enterprises of this city. Charles A. Pillsbury graduated from Dartmouth College at the age of twenty-one. His collegiate course was interrupted somewhat by teaching school as a means of partial self-support while in college. Soon after the completion of his college course he went to Montreal, where for six years he was engaged in mercantile pursuits, the greater part of the time as a clerk. In 1869 he came to Minneapolis, where he bought an interest in a small flouring mill at the Falls. There were then four or five mills located there, of the old-fashioned pattern, using buhr stones for grinding grain. Mr. Pillsbury's business habits led him to a thorough investigation of the methods of the business in which he is engaged and he applied himself industriously to mastering the details of flour milling. This was about the time of the invention of the middlings purifier, a Minneapolis device which greatly improved the quality of the flour and increased the profits of the milling business. Mr. Pillsbury was among the first to adopt the new invention and reaped a rich harvest on account of the reputation which his celebrated "Pillsbury's Best" attained before the new device came into general use. Simultaneously with the invention of the middlings purifier came the introduction of the roller mill, which took the place of the buhr stone and substituted steel rollers. The Minneapolis mills enjoyed a practical monopoly of this new process for a number of years and profited by it. These improvements enabled the millers to manufacture from spring wheat the finest quality of flour and stimulated the wheat growing industry of the Northwest. In 1872 Mr. Pillsbury associated with him his father, George A. Pillsbury, his uncle, John S. Pillsbury having been with him since the beginning, and enlarged the scope of his operations. At a later period his brother, the late F. C. Pillsbury, was admitted to the firm which continued as Charles A. Pillsbury & Co., until the acquisition of the milling property of this firm and that belonging to W. D. Washburn by an English syndicate, under the name of the Pillsbury-Washburn syndicate. Mr. Pillsbury's phenomenal success in the management of this business led to his engagement as manager for the syndicate, in which he also retained a large interest. Under the ownership of the firm of C. A. Pillsbury & Co., the original mill had been added to by purchase and lease until it included the great mill called "Pillsbury A," with a capacity of over 9,000 barrels a day, and other mills making up a total capacity of about 15,000 barrels. The consolidated property has a capacity now of over 20,000 barrels a day. The milling industry at the Falls has taken up all the water power available under present conditions, and last year the English syndicate undertook, upon Mr. Pillsbury's recommendation, the construction of another dam below the Falls which will add 10,000 horse power to the capacity already provided. An important feature of the administration of this immense business has been the introduction of the profit sharing plan by Mr. Pillsbury, under which as high as $25,000 have been divided among the employes in one year. Mr. Pillsbury is identified with numerous other important enterprises and is prominent in benevolent and philanthropic undertakings, his large resources and liberal hand contributing to the support of many charitable institutions, both public and private. While Mr. Pillsbury is a prominent Republican and has never sought political honors he has not shirked his political duties, and for ten years he served his city as state senator. During most of that time he occupied the position of chairman of finance committee and had charge of the bill which his uncle, then governor, had recommended for the adjustment of state bonds. Mr. Pillsbury is a man of robust health and buoyant spirits, popular with all classes, readily accessible at all times, alive to the interests of his city, and devotes a great deal of time for so busy a man to the promotion of its best interests, politically, economically and educationally. He is an attendant of Plymouth Congregational Church, was for a long time trustee of that society and is a liberal supporter of its work. He was married September 12, 1866, to Mary A. Stinson, of Goffston, New Hampshire, a daughter of Captain Charles Stinson. They have two sons.

Fred Carleton Pillsbury
Source: Progressive Men of Minnesota, (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

Fred Carleton Pillsbury - The of Pillsbury is inseparably connected with the history of Minnesota and the development of her greatest manufacturing interests. The youngest of the four men of this name who came to Minnesota in early days was Fred C. Pillsbury. He was a son of George A. Pillsbury, brother to Charles A. Pillsbury and nephew of ex-Governor John S. Pillsbury. His death in the prime of life, on May 15, 1892, deprived the city of a leading business man and an active and useful member of the community.

Fred C. Pillsbury was born in Concord, New Hampshire, on August 27, 1852. He was educated in the schools of Concord and graduated from the high school of that place. He did not attend college. His brother Charles was a graduate of Dartmouth, but Fred's strong desire to enter active business life led him to forego a college education, and in 1870 he came to Minneapolis and entered the store of his uncle, John S. Pillsbury, who at that time carried on an extensive wholesale and retail hardware business. The natural business instincts of the young man and the careful training of his uncle brought him rapidly to a high rank as a business man. His business judgment, his common sense, his calmness, and his quickness and readiness to act in business matters soon marked him for a successful business career. In 1876 he became a partner in the milling firm of Charles A. Pillsbury & Co. An experience of fourteen years as an active manager in the largest milling concern in the world gave him a mastery of the business. Upon the sale of the Pillsbury properties to the Pillsbury-Washburn Flour Milling Company he joined with other gentlemen in Minneapolis in organizing the Northwestern Consolidated Milling Company, of which he became a director and one of the managing committee. Up to the time of his death he was recognized as one of the leading millers of the United States, and his judgment in the milling business, and in fact in all business matters, was regarded as of the highest quality. Outside of the milling business he was interested in many of the enterprises of the city. He was a director in the First National Bank and the Swedish-American Bank. Mr. Pillsbury was always greatly interested in agriculture. At Wayzata, Minnesota, on the shores of Lake Minnetonka, he maintained a model farm which was famed for its blooded stock and was the pride of its owner. For two years Mr. Pillsbury was president of the State Agricultural Society, and gave much time and personal attention to the management of the state fair. In political faith Mr. Pillsbury was a Republican, though he never held an elective office. He was a student of the political questions of the day and alive to the issues before the people. As a member of the building committee of the Minneapolis Club, Mr. Pillsbury had much to say in the construction and furnishing of the beautiful club house of that organization. He had a taste for art matters and took great pleasure in building, and ornamenting with specimens of the highest art, a beautiful home on Tenth Street, in Minneapolis. Mrs. Pillsbury was Miss Alice Cook, of Minneapolis. She was married to Mr. Pillsbury on October 10. 1876.

Another Source:
[Source: Encyclopedia of Biography of Minnesota, History of Minnesota by Judge Charles E. Flandreau, 1900, transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman]

The late Fred Carleton Pillsbury, of Minneapolis, was born August 27, 1852, and died May 15, 1862. The span of his life was but forty years, yet within that brief period he achieved such financial success and won such honor - that best of honor which is the loving esteem of one's own community - as seldom crown the gray hairs of three score and ten. He was the youngest of a group of four men whose combined achievements in Minnesota have made the name of Pillsbury one of the foremost of the State, and world renowned in connection with the products of their vast milling industry. The other three of the group are, ex-Governor John S. Pillsbury - uncle of Fred C. - George A. and Charles A. - his father and brother, respectively. The native place of F. C. Pillsbury is Concord, New Hampshire, and it was here that he was educated. His brother Charles was a graduate of Dartmouth College, but Fred was eager to engage in business, and soon after his graduation from the high school of Concord, he came to Minneapolis and entered the employ of his uncle, John S. Pillsbury, who was then conducting a flourishing wholesale and retail trade in hardware. Fred was only eighteen, hut he was essentially of what may be called the business temperament - industrious, sensible, courteous, possessing the fine balance which is at once reposeful and alert; and these natural traits, developed and directed by his uncle, made him at an early age a thorough going business man. In 1876 he became a member of the firm of Charles A. Pillsbury & Company, the then largest milling concern in the world, and he had fourteen years' active experience in that concern. Upon the sale of the Pillsbury properties to an English syndicate, and the coincident establishment of the Pillsbury-Washburn Flour Milling Company, Fred C, uniting with other business men of the city, organized the Northwestern Consolidated Milling Company, which promptly took its place as second only to the Pillsbury-Washburn Company. Mr. Pillsbury became a director and member of the managing committee of the Northwestern corporation, and was actively engaged in the management of its business until cut off by death. Extensive and absorbing as were his personal business interests, Mr. Pillsbury found time to devote to many other enterprises, both public and private. Tie was a director of the First National Bank of Minneapolis, also a director of the Swedish-American Bank; and he was an influential member of the committee which directed the building and furnishing of the beautiful Minneapolis Club House. His last day before being stricken down with the malady which ended his life was spent in the clubhouse, in attending to the final details of fitting it for occupancy. Not only in his specialty of milling, but in general affairs. Mr. Pillsbury's judgment was much valued and sought. In agriculture he was broadly interested. He was for two years president of the State Agricultural Society, and contributed freely of his time and personal activity to the conducting of the State fair. He established a model farm at Wayzata, Minnesota - one hundred and twenty acres bordering on Lake Minnetonka - which he stocked with blooded horses and cattle. This farm was one of the finest in the Northwest, and the source of much justifiable pride and satisfaction to its proprietor. Mr. Pillsbury was a Republican, but never aspired to political distinction. He felt a deep interest in the vital issues of the day, and was solicitous for pure government, working with enthusiasm for the selection of good and able men - men like himself, had his modesty permitted him to recognize the fact. As a Mason, Mr. Pillsbury was prominent and advanced, being a member of the Scottish Rite and a Knight Templar. He entered with much enthusiasm into the activities of the order, and was among the first who became interested in the building of the Masonic Temple. Mr. Pillsbury was married October 19, 1876 to Miss Alice Cook, daughter of Samuel Cook, of Quincy, Massachusetts. Six children were born to them, four of whom - Harriot, Carleton, Helen and Alice - are living. The elegant family residence, located on Tenth street, in Minneapolis, was built, decorated and furnished under the personal supervision of Mr. Pillsbury. He was endowed with a fine artistic taste, and his home was made sumptuous with exquisite and costly works of art. He was a most devoted husband and father, and dearly loved his home, which, in all its appointments, he made an expression of his personality. Mr. Pillsbury's death fell like a thunderbolt upon this prosperous and harmonious household; yet his family formed but the center of a vast circle of mourners, whose sorrow found expression in many a loving tribute. The Minneapolis Tribune, editorially, said in part:

"Fred C. Pillsbury was a citizen by whom Minneapolis and Minnesota set great store. He was a representative modern business man of the best type, and the many interests with which he identified himself were great factors in the prosperity of this region. He was a liberal patron of art and letters, and a man of broad charity. The loss of this big-hearted, progressive business man will be deeply regretted in this community."

The late John Blanchard, of journalistic fame, said in the Minneapolis Times:

"The death of Fred C. Pillsbury will be sincerely mourned by thousands in this city. The youngest of the famous Pillsbury family, he was a familiar figure in the city. He was a man of marked individuality, and outside of business hours knew how to enjoy life. As a patron of outdoor sports he was well known. Among those who knew him best, no man was more warmly esteemed or sincerely trusted. A great deal might be written of the untimeliness of his taking off. Indeed it is one of the first thoughts, when one contemplates this demise, in the strength of middle age, of a man who had everything to live for, and who gave every promise of making a just and equitable use of the fortune Providence had showered upon him. His position in life was assured at an age when most men are struggling for a competency, but he lies dead at an age when most men just begin to feel their power. Surely such an apparent contradiction of nature's laws must lead back to a deeper cause than the casuist sees. The Pillsbury family, whose career has been so conspicuous and so honorable in the annals of Minnesota, will have the deepest sympathy of the community in their great sorrow."

And following are the simple, heart-felt words of ex-Governor Pillsbury, the uncle with whom our subject was for years intimately associated in business, and who knew him through and through:

"Fred was a man of uncommon ability and judgment; one of the most strictly honest men that ever lived in this city. He never swerved from anything that he thought was right, and was perfectly reliable under any and all circumstances. It was impossible to get him to do anything that was calculated to wrong another person. He was conscientious, kind and affectionate, thinking everything of his wife, children and friends. As a business man he was one of the most safe and reliable in the State. His mind was evenly balanced, and his sagacity was something wonderful. I consider that he was one of the finest specimens of young business men to be found anywhere. As a clerk he was popular, and made many friends; as a member of the milling firm he was a man who attended strictly to business, and was always considerate and popular. He treated everyone courteously, and made a world of friends and acquaintances. He was always averse to taking any public position, but he was competent enough to fill any of them. His modesty showed out prominently at all times. I consider him an example for young men to pattern after in this respect. He was honorable to the letter. He always showed a great interest and taste for anything pertaining to act, and had made a fine collection of paintings. I believe that this city has lost one of her best citizens in his death."

Mr. Pillsbury was not a church member, but he attended, with his family, the First Baptist church of Minneapolis.

George A. Pillsbury
Source: Progressive Men of Minnesota, (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

George A. Pillsbury - Few names arc better known in Minneapolis than that of Pillsbury. George A. Pillsbury, the elder of the Pillsbury family, became a resident of Minneapolis in 1878. He was a native of New Hampshire, where he was born August 29, 1816. He received a common school education, and at the age of eighteen found his first employment with a grocer in Boston. After a little more than a year he returned to Sutton, New Hampshire, where he had been brought up, and engaged in the manufacture of stoves and sheet iron, with his cousin, J. C. Pillsbury. During the next ten years he was engaged in various mercantile enterprises, and in 185 1 was appointed purchasing agent for the Concord Railroad Corporation. He moved to Concord and continued in this position for nearly twenty-four years. In 1864, Mr. Pillsbury, with others, organized and put in operation the First National Bank of Concord.

Two years later he became its president. In 1867 he organized the National Savings Bank of the same place. During his life in New Hampshire Mr. Pillsbury held several town and municipal offices, including the office of mayor of Concord, in 1876 and 1877. In 1871 and 1872 he sat in the New Hampshire Legislature. Upon the announcement of his determination to leave Concord in the spring of 1878, complimentary resolutions were unanimously passed by both branches of the city government, by the directors of the First National Bank, by the First Baptist church and society, and by the Webster Club, of Concord. A similar testimonial was presented to him bearing the names of more than three hundred of the business men of the city. For some years previous to his coming to Minneapolis, Mr. Pillsbury had been a member of the great milling firm of Charles A. Pillsbury & Co. After coming here he took a more active part in the affairs of the concern, and also became identified with many of the business enterprises of the city. Among the various corporate and public trusts which he has filled are these: President of the Board of Trade, of the Homeopathic Hospital, of the Free Dispensary, Chamber of Commerce, Pillsbury & Hurlburt Elevator Company, Vice-President of the Minnesota Loan & Trust Company, Director and President of the Northwestern National Bank, Director of the Manufacturers National Bank, of the Minneapolis Elevator Company, and of the Northwestern Guaranty Loan Company. He has also served as President of the St. Paul and Minneapolis Baptist Union, of the Minnesota Baptist State Convention, and as trustee of the Chicago University. In 1888, at the annual meeting of the American Baptist Union, he was elected its president. Not long after his arrival in Minneapolis, Mr. Pillsbury was elected a member of the Board of Education. He was also made alderman, and became a member of the city council. In 1884 he was nominated by the Republican city convention as its candidate for mayor. After a brief but determined canvass Mr. Pillsbury was elected by a majority of eight thousand. His administration was characterized by the devotion to detail, and economy in expenditure. As mayor he was ex-officio member of the park and water works boards, as well as head of the police department.

In his inaugural message flavor Pillsbury suggested that saloons should not be licensed in the residence portions of the city. The development of this idea by Captain Judson N. Cross, then city attorney, gave to Minneapolis the "patrol limits" system of saloon restriction. During his active life in Minneapolis, Mr. Pillsbury has been closely identified with the higher life of the city, and has taken an interested and intelligent part in the development of religion and education. About ten years ago he served as chairman of the building committee of the First Baptist church, of which he had been a most prominent member since his settlement in this city, and the edifice which was erected under his charge is one of the finest in the Northwest. Upon its completion, Mr. and Mrs. Pillsbury with their two sons, placed in the church, at their own expense, the largest and best organ in the city. At about the same time Mr. Pillsbury made most liberal donations to the Minnesota Academy at Owatonna, Minnesota. This school was under the patronage of the Baptist state convention. In 1886 he built, at a cost of thirty thousand dollars, a Ladies Boarding Hall, containing all the modern conveniences and appointments of such a building. In recognition of his gift the name of the institution was changed to Pillsbury Academy. In later years Mr. Pillsbury has aided this institution by building a forty thousand dollar academic building, handsomely equipped: a music hall, a drill hall, a steam plant and other improvements at a cost of about sixty thousand dollars. He has also contributed a sum of more than forty thousand dollars for endowment and current expenses. But while doing so much for the state of his adoption, Mr. Pillsbury was not unmindful of his early home. In the year 1890 he made three notable gifts. To Concord he gave a free hospital, at a cost of seventy-two thousand dollars. To Warner he presented a free public library, and to Sutton a soldiers monument. Mr. Pillsbury was married on May 9, 1841, to Miss Margaret S. Carlton. They had two sons, Charles A. Pillsbury and Fred C. Pillsbury, who early became known in connection with their extensive milling operations in Minneapolis. Charles A. Pillsbury is still at the head of the Pillsbury-Washburn Flour Mills Company, and Mr. Fred Pillsbury died a few years ago.

Another Source for George A. Pillsbury:

[Source: Encyclopedia of Biography of Minnesota, History of Minnesota by Judge Charles E. Flandreau, 1900, transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman]

The name of Pillsbury has become so prominent and so honored throughout this country and is so well known abroad that a brief mention of the ancestry of the Pillsbury family may be interesting. The family history has been traced back to William Pillsbury (sometimes spelled Pillsberry and sometimes Pillsborough), who was born in the county of Essex, in England, in 1615. William Pillsbury came to Dorchester, in the colony of Massachusetts bay, in 1640, where he married Dorothy Crosby. In 1651 he settled on a farm in Newbury, Massachusetts, now a part of Newburyport, and this farm property has remained in the possession of the Pillsbury family from 1651 to the present time. The coat of arms of the Pillsbury family in England, whence came the family, bore the inscription, "Labor Omnia Vincit," a motto which is suggestive of the industry and diligence which has always characterized all the branches of the Pillsbury family in this country. William Pillsbury died at Newbury June 19, 1686, leaving ten children, seven sons and three daughters. Moses Pillsbury, second son of William and Dorothy Crosby Pillsbury, was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, and in 1668 married Mrs. Susanna Whipple of Newbury. To them were born six children. Caleb, second son of Moses and Susanna, was born in Newbury in 1681, and married Sarah Morss in 1703. Caleb, son of Caleb and Sarah Morss Pillsbury was born in Newbury January 26, 1717, he married Sarah Kimball of Amesbury, Massachusetts, July, 1742, and to them were born seven children, Caleb Pillsbury, Jr., was for several years, and at the time of his death, a member of the Massachusetts General Court. Micajah, fourth son of Caleb, Jr., and Sarah Kimball, was born in Amesbury, Massachusetts, May 22, 1761, and in 1781 married Sarah Sargent, of Amesbury, and to them were born eight children, four sons and four daughters. Micajah Pillsbury and family moved from Amesbury, Massachusetts, to Sutton, New Hampshire, in February, 1795, where he remained until his death in 1802, occupying various offices of town trust. His wife survived him several years. Stephen, the oldest son, was a Baptist clergyman; the other brothers, including John, the father of George Alfred Pillsbury, were all magistrates of the town of Sutton, New Hampshire. John Pillsbury, the father of George A., was born in 1789. He was prominent in the town affairs of Sutton, being a selectman for several years, and representing the town in the State Legislature. He was also a captain in the State militia, in those days when a military commission had a significance. On the 2d of April, 1811, he married Susan Wadleigh, a daughter of Benjamin Wadleigh, a settler in Sutton in 1771. Benjamin Wadleigh was a descendant of Robert Wadleigh of Exeter, New Hampshire, a member of the Provincial Legislature of Massachusetts. On the maternal side the ancestry was good. The maternal grandmother was the daughter of Ebenezer Kezar, who, it is related, concealed the girl whom he afterwards married under a pile of boards, at the time Mrs. Duston was captured by the Indians in 1697. He was identified with the early history of Sutton in many ways. To John and Susan Wadleigh Pillsbury were born five children, to-wit: Simon Wadleigh Pillsbury, born June 22, 1812; George Alfred. August 29, 1816; Dolly Wadleigh, September 6, 1818; John Sargent, July 29, 1827, and Benjamin Franklin, March 29, 1831. All the children received the common school education of those days; but Simon W., whose natural fondness for study distinguished him as a young man, gave his attention to special branches of study, particularly mathematics, in which he became known as one of, if not the best, in the State. He delivered the first lecture in Sutton on the subject of temperance; but too much study wore down his health, and he died in 1836, cutting short a promising future. Of the other brothers, John Sargent is too well known to need mention, as he is the distinguished ex-Governor J. S. Pillsbury of Minnesota. The remaining brother, Benjamin F. Pillsbury, remained in Sutton until 1878, where he filled many places of trust, being elected selectman, town treasurer and a member of the Legislature for a series of years. In 1878 Benjamin F. Pillsbury removed to Granite Falls, Minnesota, where he was engaged in an extensive lumber, farming and elevator business until his death, in October, 1890. George A. Pillsbury, who was born at Sutton, New Hampshire, August 29, 1816, received only the meager common school education of seventy five years ago, when the children were taught "to read, write and cipher." Of a very quick and active temperament, he, in early life, formed a determined purpose to enter business for himself. At the age of eighteen he became a clerk to a Boston merchant. After a year's experience there he returned to Sutton and entered into the manufacture of stoves and sheet iron ware, in company with a cousin, John C. Pillsbury. He continued in this business until February, 1840, when he went to Warner, New Hampshire, into the store of John H. Pearson, where he remained until the following July, when he purchased the business on his own account and continued in it for some eight years. In the spring of 1848 he entered a wholesale dry goods house in Boston, and in 1849 again returned to Warner and engaged in business there until the spring of 1851, when he sold out his interest and went out of the mercantile business entirely. During his residence in Warner he was postmaster from 1844 to 1849; was selectman in 1847 and 1849; town treasurer in 1849, and a Representative to the State Legislature in 1850 and 1851. He was also selected as chairman of the committee appointed to build the Merrimack county jail in Concord in 1851 and 1852, and had the general superintendence of the construction of the work, which was most faithfully done. In November, 1851, Mr. Pillsbury was appointed purchasing agent and adjuster of the Concord railroad, and commenced his duties the following December, having in the meantime moved his family to Concord. For nearly twenty-four years he occupied this position, and discharged its duties with rare business ability, showing wise judgment in all his purchases, which amounted to millions of dollars, and settling more cases of claims against the corporation for alleged injuries to persons and property than all the other officers of the road. He had great quickness of perception and promptness in action, two wonderful business qualities, which, when rightly used, always bring success. Mr. Pillsbury was prominent in the councils of the Democratic party until the War of the Rebellion, when he was an ardent supporter of Lincoln for President. From that time on he was a strong Republican. During the twenty-seven years' residence of Mr. Pillsbury in Concord he acquired a position of great prominence and distinction in the State of New Hampshire. He became one of the men of the State to whom were confided matters of weight and importance. In business, education, morality and religion his counsels were eagerly sought. When the high school at Concord and other school buildings throughout the city were projected and erected Mr. Pillsbury, on account of his well recognized business prudence, common sense, judgment and integrity, was pushed to the front to superintend their construction. He was also interested in the erection of several of the handsomest business blocks upon the principal streets of the city; and several fine residences in the city were built by him. In the year 1864 Mr. Pillsbury, with others, established the First National Bank of Concord. From the first he was one of the directors, and in 1866 became its president, which position he held until his departure from the State. He was also more instrumental than any other person in organizing the National Savings Bank of Concord in 1867. Of this bank he was the first president, and held the position until 1874, when he resigned. During Mr. Pillsbury's management of the First National Bank it became, in proportion to its capital stock, the strongest bank in the State. Up to December, 1873, when the treasurer was discovered to be a defaulter to a large amount, the savings bank was one of the most successful in the State; but this defalcation, with the general crash in business, required its closing up. Its total deposits up to the time mentioned exceeded $3,000,000. The bank finally paid its depositors nearly dollar for dollar and interest, notwithstanding the large defalcation by its treasurer. During the years 1871 and 1872 Mr. Pillsbury was again elected a member of the Legislature of New Hampshire, and was a member of some of the most important Legislative committees. For several years he was a member of the city council of Concord, and in 1876 was elected mayor of the city, to which position he was re-elected upon the expiration of his first term of office. On May 9, 1841, Mr. Pillsbury was married to Margaret S. Carleton. To them were born three children, a daughter, who died in infancy, and two sons, Charles A. Pillsbury. "the flour king." who died September 17, 1899, and Fred C. Pillsbury, a most promising young man, whose sudden death from diphtheria on May 15, 1892, was so deeply lamented. In 1869 Charles A. Pillsbury came to this city and shortly after engaged in the milling business. In 1870 his younger brother, Fred C. Pillsbury, also located in Minneapolis. During all of these years Governor Pillsbury had been a prominent citizen of the State. The fact that George A. Pillsbury's sons were engaged in successful business here and that his brother, John S. Pillsbury resided here, and the further fact that he had large business interests here, were inducements which led him to consider giving up his home in Concord and removing to Minneapolis. When it became known to the citizens of Concord that he was contemplating a removal to Minneapolis every effort was made to retain him in Concord. The struggle which went on in Mr. Pillsbury's mind was intense. The ties which bound him to Concord were many, Bunt finally his regard for his sons and brother determined the question, and in 1878 he made the removal. Probably no person ever left the city of Concord who received so many expressions of regret as did Mr. Pillsbury. Complimentary resolutions were unanimously passed by both branches of the city government and by the First National Bank. Resolutions passed by the First Baptist church and society were ordered to be entered upon the records of each organization. The Webster Club, composed of fifty prominent business men of Concord, passed a series of resolutions expressive of regret for his departure from the State. A similar testimonial was presented to Mr. Pillsbury which bore the signatures of more than three hundred of the leading professional and business men of the city, among whom were all the ex-mayors living, all the clergymen, all the members of both branches of the city government, all the bank presidents and officers, twenty-six lawyers, twenty physicians, and nearly all of the business men of the city. On the evening of their departure from Concord, Mr. and Mrs. Pillsbury were given a public reception and were presented with an elegant bronze statue. Upon coming to Minneapolis Mr. Pillsbury at once entered actively into the milling business (in which he had been long interested) in the firm of C. A. Pillsbury & Co. His superior business ability was at once recognized on all sides, and the same prominence which he held in Concord was accorded him in Minneapolis. In a short time he became identified in many public and private matters in the city. The citizens at once saw his fitness for public position, and shortly after his arrival in Minneapolis he was made a member of the board of education. On April 3, 1883, he was elected an alderman from the Fifth ward, and shortly after made president of the city council, He was also a member of the board of park commissioners and of the waterworks board. These positions he held until April, 1884, when he was elected mayor of the city. These elections of Mr. Pillsbury were not of his own forwarding, but he was in both instances chosen by the people because of his recognized fitness, and he accepted the positions from a sense of public duty. The services which Mr. Pillsbury rendered as mayor will ever give him distinction. At that time Minneapolis was thickly studded with saloons. Not only were saloons numerous throughout the settled parts of the city, but they abounded in the suburbs, at Minnehaha and around the numerous beautiful lakes which environ the city. Every road coming into the city had its two or three or more saloons to tempt the traveler and draw the sporting classes. The temperance people were aroused and the cry on the lips of all respectable people was: "What can be done!" Only two remedies were suggested, one was prohibition, the other high license. But prohibition could not be realized in Minneapolis any more than in any other city of any considerable size. Then it was that George A. Pillsbury conceived a method of dealing with the liquor question that had never been attempted before, and that was the famous "patrol limit system," - a method which had not before entered the heads of the various students of temperance reform. Mr. Pillsbury believed in high license, but he did not think that sufficient in itself. In his first message to the city council he came out boldly in favor of an ordinance which should require not only a high license, but one which should exclude the selling of liquor everywhere in the city except on a few "down town" streets, where there was a constant and continuous police patrol. The practicability and common sense of the thing at once commended it to all thinking people. Only the extreme prohibitionists and the extreme liquor men were opposed to it. Mr. Pillsbury pressed the issue with boldness and rare business sense. He urged the advantages that would come to the city and to property by making the residential and suburban parts of the city free from the evils and effects of saloons and liquor. He urged the advantages that would come by confining the sale of liquor to a comparatively small area in the business part of the city where there was constant police surveillance. The so-called "patrol limit" ordinance was passed in response to his suggestion. There is not space in this sketch to go into detail as to the controversy which the adoption of this new principle involved. It is sufficient to say that after bitter attacks from the extreme liquor men and the prohibitionists the method was sustained both by public sentiment and the highest courts of the State, and what was originally passed as a city ordinance was subsequently ratified by the State Legislature and has now become a part of the permanent charter of Minneapolis, never again to be questioned. Minneapolis has become famous among students of social science as being the first city to adopt this new and practical method of dealing with the liquor question. Other cities have adopted it and the idea is fast becoming popular. For several years Mr. Pillsbury was president of the Board of Trade, president of the Free Dispensary, and president of the Minnesota Baptist State Association. At the time of his death and for several years prior thereto he was president of the Northwestern National Bank and one of the trustees of the Hennepin County Savings Bank. He also held positions in many private corporations and societies, and until within a few months prior to his death his mind and thoughts were occupied with many business cares. The last years of Mr. Pillsbury's life were passed in caring for his property and doing good works for others. He took special interest in the work of the Baptist Church (of which he was a life-long member) both at home and throughout the country, and responded to its calls both with his time and his money. Old age stole gently upon him and he passed away peaceably at his home July 17th, 1898. Although Mr. Pillsbury was a successful man, both in business and as a public official, he will be remembered perhaps most of all for his work in the line of benevolences. Early in life he adopted the principle that a man should do as much good as he could in this world, and in case he was fortunate enough to accumulate property that he should, as far as possible, act as his own administrator, a view which met the cordial support of his wife and his two sons. In an address at Concord in 1891, when he presented to the city in the name of his wife the magnificent Margaret Pillsbury hospital, to which we are about to refer, he used these words: "I have for many years been of the opinion that it was the duty of every one, as far as possible, to administer upon his own estate. We have had frequent examples where the ablest of lawyers have failed to draw a will that would be sustained by the courts. I have also noticed, during my somewhat prolonged life, that property left to children has proved, I think, in a majority of cases, a curse rather than a blessing, especially where such children are possessed of strong bodies and a good education." Consequently we find a series of benevolent acts running through his career. In Concord he engaged actively in establishing the Centennial Home for the Aged, making large contributions thereto and serving as a trustee. He was also a generous giver to the New Hampshire Orphans' Home at Franklin, and was a trustee from the time of its foundation until he left the State. The magnificent bell in the tower of the Board of Trade Building at Concord and the handsome organ in the First Baptist Church of Concord were gifts from him and his son, Charles A. Pillsbury. He also made several large contributions towards building and endowing Colby Academy at New London, New Hampshire. In 1886 Mr. Pillsbury was chairman of the committee of construction of the First Baptist church of Minneapolis, and the large and handsome organ now in that church was a gift from Mr. Pillsbury, his wife and their two sons, Charles A., and Fred C. Shortly after Mr. Pillsbury came to Minnesota he became interested in the academy at Owatonna, of which he was elected one of the trustees. This academy was established under Baptist auspices, by an act of the Territory of Minnesota, enacted in 1856. Prior to the time when Mr. Pillsbury became interested in the institution it had not flourished to the degree that its friends had anticipated, although it had nevertheless done a good work. Mr. Pillsbury was always a firm believer in academies, "the poor man's college," as a means of education, and when he became interested in this institution and saw the held which it might occupy if properly managed and endowed, he determined to do what he could to put it on a satisfactory basis. To do this required not only new buildings, but also funds to endow and support it. Mr. Pillsbury at once applied to the affairs of this institution the same thought, attention and business judgment that he gave to his private affairs. As the needs of the institution impressed themselves upon him he determined to meet them. His first large gift to the institution was the erection of a ladies' hall, which was named "Pillsbury Hall." In 1889 Mr. Pillsbury erected for the institution the new building, which compares favorably with any academy building in the country. This building contains recitation rooms, library and reading-rooms, offices, chemical laboratory, gymnasium, bathroom, study-room, chapel and a spacious auditorium. Mr. Pillsbury also constructed a music hall, which is a gem of its sort. This building is a two-story brick structure, 80 by 40 feet. The design is very ornate and the building adds much to the campus. It contains a fire-proof library-room and has ample accommodations for the music department. In addition to this Mr. Pillsbury erected a spacious brick drill hall, which has a clear floor 110 by 65 feet, and is admirably adapted to the purpose for which it is designed. In addition to the erection of the above buildings Mr. Pillsbury gave generously to the institution, both of time and money. His giving was unostentatious, but outsiders who have some means of knowing estimate that of money alone he gave in his lifetime about $500,000 to the institution. In his will there was a further bequest to the academy of a quarter of a million dollars. His will also gave generous sums to various benevolent and charitable societies. Such acts as these sneak of the character of the man far better than any words we can add. In his many gifts he went beyond the limits of ordinary benevolence and in his furtherance of great schemes for the support of religion and education and those things which make for the peace and well being of society he attained to the height of philanthropy. And it is no wonder that the friends of Owatonna Academy, in recognition of his great services to the institution, a few years ago caused its name to be changed to Pillsbury Academy. In all of his prosperity Mr. Pillsbury never forgot the home and friends of his youth, as do too many successful men. The towns of Sutton and Warner, in New Hampshire, where his early years were spent, and also the goodly city of Concord, where he passed the years of his maturer manhood, were dear to him, and he determined to show his regard for these places in some permanent manner. In the town of Sutton, on the public ground and a short distance from the house in which he was born, he erected, in 1890, a soldiers' monument in memory of the men of Sutton who served in the War of the Rebellion. This monument is constructed of granite and is surmounted with a granite statue, of heroic size, of a soldier at parade rest. The height, including the statue, is thirty-two feet. The bases, plinth and shaft are handsomely carved with emblems, and a suitable inscription sets forth the purpose for which the monument was erected. The whole effect is very imposing. To the town of Warner he presented the Pillsbury Free Library and filled the shelves thereof with books. This library is a very complete building of its kind, and is pointed to with pride and admiration by all who see it. The building is constructed of handsome pressed brick, with granite trimmings, is well lighted and ventilated, and has all of the interior finishings and furnishings of the modern library building. In the suburbs of the city of Concord, on a pleasant site overlooking the beautiful valley of the Merrimac, and commanding an extensive view of hills and forest, stands a magnificent building of which any city might well be proud. This building is the Margaret Pillsbury General Hospital. A tablet at the entrance bears the inscription: "Erected by George Alfred Pillsbury in honor of his wife, Margaret Sprague Pillsbury, on the fiftieth anniversary of their marriage, 1891." This building is in architectural effect very imposing. It is one hundred and twenty-four feet long and seventy-five feet in width at the two ends, and is forty-five feet high, having two stories and a basement, with slated roof and ventilating cupola. The basement is of granite, and the walls of pressed brick with granite and terra cotta trimmings, and copper cornices. An examination of the interior shows it to be a modern and a model hospital, with all the arrangements and appliances that the most recent surgical and medical science could suggest. The cost of this building was not less than $60,000. No more graceful compliment could any husband ever pay to a faithful wife than the gift of a hospital for the sick and injured; nor could any more appropriate gift be given in honor of fifty years of happy married life than this. In bestowal of all these gifts to the public, as well as in the buildings at Owatonna, Mr. Pillsbury not only furnished the means for the erection, but he personally superintended the making of the plans and the work of actual construction.

John Sargent Pillsbury
Source: Progressive Men of Minnesota, (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

John Sargent Pillsbury is so closely identified with the history of Minnesota that to write his history fully and completely would be to write the history of the state during the last twenty-five years. Mr. Pillsbury was born at Sutton, New Hampshire, July 29, 1828. His parents were John Pillsbury and Susan Wadleigh (Pillsbury), and his descent on both sides was from the original Puritan stock. The family on his father's side started, in America, with Joshua Pillsbury, who received a grant of land at Newburyport, Massachusetts, a portion of which still belongs to the Pillsbury family, and came from England in 1640 to occupy it. The fourth child of John and Susan Pillsbury is the subject of this sketch. The opportunities for an education afforded him were limited, and in his early teens he began to learn the painter's trade, but his natural taste for trade and merchandise led him to engage as clerk for his brother, George A., in a general country store at Warner, New Hampshire. Soon afterwards, reaching his majority, he formed a partnership with Walter Harriman at Warner, and a singular fact is that in after life Harriman became governor of New Hampshire and Pillsbury governor of Minnesota. The experience which he obtained in the New England country store laid the foundation for his business success afterward. After dissolving partnership with Harriman, Mr. Pillsbury removed to Concord, and for two years was engaged in the business of merchant tailoring. At this time he was a watchful observer of the development of the Northwest, and in 1853 started on a prospecting trip, which finally brought him, in June, 1855, to Minnesota. He settled permanently at St. Anthony, persuaded that there would ultimately be a great city. He engaged in the hardware business with George F. Cross and Woodbury Fiske. Those were the days of "wild cat" banks and depreciated currency, and with the panic of 1857 the ability and courage of the young merchants were tested to the utmost. Added to this came a fire, which, in a single night, entailed the loss of forty-eight thousand dollars. But this did not discourage John S. Pillsbury. He reorganized the business, paid off the debts of the firm, and in a few years found himself better off than before. In 1875 he sold his hardware business for the purpose of engaging more extensively in the milling business, in which he had embarked with his nephew, Charles A., under the firm name of C. A. Pillsbury & Co. Early in his career Mr. Pillsbury had become a leader in local affairs, and in 1858 was elected a member of the city council of St. Anthony, and was retained in that position for six years. At the outbreak of the war he rendered efficient service in organizing the First, Second and Third regiments, and in 1862 assisted in organizing and equipping a mounted company for service in the Indian outbreak. One of the most interesting chapters in the history of Mr. Pillsbury relates to his services to the state university. This institution had received a grant of forty-six thousand acres of land in 1851. In 1856 this land was mortgaged for forty thousand dollars for the erection of university buildings. In 1857 the main building was completed and a mortgage of fifteen thousand dollars placed on it. When the crisis of 1857 came the trustees were unable to meet their obligations, and creditors were clamorous. After two or three years of hopeless effort the friends of the university despaired of preserving it, and the executive, in 1862 recommended to the legislature to give all the lands in settlement for all the indebtedness of the institution. Mr. Pillsbury, however, had been making a study of the affairs of the institution, and having been appointed one of the regents in 1863, began an investigation of its affairs and adopted a plan which finally resulted in fully discharging all outstanding obligations saving to the university upwards of thirty-three thousand acres of the land grant, with the grounds and buildings, and putting it on the road to the phenomenal success which it has since attained. Gov. Pillsbury has earned the name of the "Father of the University," given him by the grateful students of that institution, and has crowned his long years of service as regent with a gift of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, made in 1889. In 1875, without any effort on his part, Mr. Pillsbury was nominated by the Republicans and elected governor. Following the ravages of war the state had suffered from a severe grasshopper scourge, and poverty and discouragement were widespread among the people. This was the condition of things when Gov. Pillsbury assumed the reins of government. All the more remarkable, therefore, was his plea for the honor of the state, and his insistence that the state discharge her obligations which had been repudiated. The distress among the people, particularly in the district ravaged by grasshoppers, appealed to his sympathy and enlisted his aid. Unwilling to trust the matter to anyone else, he resolved to make a personal investigation, accordingly he started incognito and visited the affected parts of the state; he found conditions even worse than had been reported. In many cases the settlers had nothing but twisted hay for fuel, and potatoes and shorts for food. Upon his return Governor Pillsbury made an appeal for aid and personally superintended the distribution of supplies. It was during his first term as governor that the famous raid of the Younger brothers occurred, and to Gov. Pillsbury's cool and practical judgment was due, in large measure, the capture of those noted outlaws. He was re-nominated and re-elected in 1877, and entered upon the discharge of his duties under much brighter skies than when he began two years earlier. The grasshopper scourge had passed, the crops of the previous year had been abundant and the people were encouraged. One of the important acts of his second term was the appointment of Henry M. Knox as public examiner, an office created at Mr. Pillsbury's recommendation.

He renewed his recommendation for the payment of the railroad bonds, hut the legislature under the influence of adverse public sentiment failed to respond. A controversy had arisen between the settlers on lands granted to the St. Paul & Pacific Railroad and the Western Railroad Company the successor to the St. Paul & Pacific and Gov. Pillsbury spent eighteen months in making satisfactory settlement whereby he secured homes for three hundred settlers. These and numerous other services performed by him not required under the scope of his office, caused him to be regarded with singular confidence and esteem by the people, who took peculiar satisfaction in re-electing him to a third term. Among these extraordinary services were his contributions from his private funds to the aid of the grasshopper sufferers, and the advancement from his own pocket of some seventy-five thousand dollars to carry on the state prison, in order to avoid calling an extra session for the purpose of making an appropriation. Throughout his term of office he worked hard to secure an honorable adjustment of the railway bond troubles. It happened that during the early days of the state, bonds had been granted to railroads to aid in construction work. The companies failed, and their obligations to the people were unfulfilled. New companies were formed and they were allowed to assume the grants of the defunct companies, but no provisions were made as to assume the promises of the old companies. The people felt that they had been deceived and so tried to avoid payment. During his last term Governor Pillsbury finally effected a compromise settlement. He arranged to pay half the face of the bonds and interest on the whole at four and one-half per cent. By this means the honor of the state in the financial world was re-established. It was during his third term, March 1, 1881, that the capitol was burned. It was within four days of the end of the session of the legislature.

The governor acting with characteristic promptness and sagacity procured an estimate on the cost of rebuilding, transmitted the result to the legislature with an earnest recommendation for an appropriation and secured it thus escaping an extra session and a controversy over a site. During his occupancy of the governor's chair Mr. Pillsbury was required to select three men for positions on the supreme bench. He nominated Hon. Greenleaf Clark, of St. Paul, Judge William Mitchell of Winona and Judge Daniel A. Dickinson, of Mankato, all lawyers of distinction and a notable fact in connection with the appointment
of Mitchell and Dickinson was that they were both members of opposing political parties. During all this time while Gov. Pillsbury was conducting the affairs of the state, his private interests were not neglected. At that time was being laid the foundation of the great Pillsbury milling interests, the fame of which is known round the world. He also engaged heavily in lumbering and real estate, and became identified with the construction of railroads, holding the office of director in the Minneapolis & St. Louis and the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie. He has been a director in several of the leading Minneapolis banks and the Minneapolis Stock Yards Company. He is a man who discharges business easily and without worry, and has time for the social and public duties besides. He is an officer of the First Congregational church of Minneapolis, to which he has contributed generously, among his gifts being the splendid organ presented by him and his wife. He is a man of simple tastes, quiet manners, unostentatious, sincere and earnest. He has impressed himself upon the commonwealth probably more than any other man who has ever lived in it. His benefactions have not been confined to the state of Minnesota or the city of Minneapolis. At Sutton, New Hampshire, his native town, he has erected a handsome memorial hall, arranged for the use of the selectmen, for the accommodation of a library, and containing a hall which will scat three hundred people. Gov. Pillsbury was married in Warner, New Hampshire, November 3, 1856, to Mahala Fisk, a most estimable lady, who has, by her sympathetic and helpful association, contributed much to his honor and success.

Mahala Fisk Pillsbury
[Source: Encyclopedia of Biography of Minnesota, History of Minnesota by Judge Charles E. Flandreau, 1900, transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman]

In choosing this subject as a representative woman of Minnesota, a tribute is paid to the womanhood of that State which can be fully appreciated only by those whom good fortune has led within the social circle of Mrs. Pillsbury, or, at least, within that larger circle of beneficent influence which perpetually radiates from her personality. Yet Minnesota cannot claim her as a native daughter. She draws her heredity from a double line of New England's early settlers. The place of her birth was Springfield, New Hampshire, the date May 7, 1832. Her parents were Captain John and Sarah (Goodhue) Fisk, prominent citizens of the Granite State, who for many years resided in the town of Warner. Here they reared a large family, Mahala Fisk having three brothers - Woodbury, John and Joseph, and three sisters - Elizabeth, Sarah and Mary. The American Fisks were descended - through William Fiske, the founder of the family in this country, who, in 1637, settled in Wenham, Massachusetts - from an aristocratic line of Englishmen with estates in Suffolk county, which line is traceable back to Simon Fisk, lord of a manor in the reign of Henry VI. But it is with a different type of nobility that this sketch will concern itself - a nobility not of titles and privileges, but of character and deeds; a nobility the insignia of which is not blazoned upon the breast, but graven deep within it. Mrs. Pillsbury is a true cosmopolitan; and although she may owe something of her dignity and poise to the inherent consciousness of high and honorable lineage, she is delightfully free from the spirit of exclusiveness and hauteur of manner which too frequently accompany such a consciousness. Her childhood and youth were passed in the parental home, in Warner, a home dominated by the most healthful influences, religious and moral; nor was the intellectual side of her training neglected. She was privileged to attend both the Hopkinton Academy and the Sanbornton Seminary, and she completed her studies at the age of nineteen. During the three years prior to her graduation, however, her time was divided between the acquiring and imparting of knowledge. Teaching was her chosen profession, and she followed it, at intervals, in the public schools of Keene and other towns of her State, up to the time of her marriage. On November 3, 1856, she was united to John S. Pillsbury, of Sutton, New Hampshire, and soon the youthful couple had bade farewell to their friends and were journeying westward to found a home in Minnesota, which was then a Territory and little better than a wilderness. It was a bridal tour plentifully marked by events and diversions - events which were dire contingencies and diversions which were imminent dangers. It took courage to leave such a home as had sheltered the girlhood of Mahala Fisk and face the rigors and perils of frontier life; but in courage, at least, and in that love which casts out fear, both these young wayfarers were richly capitalized. Their destination was St. Anthony (now a part of Minneapolis), and here they began their Western life on an humble scale. The history of their first few years is one of hard work, misfortune and sacrifice; - the experience common to settlers upon virgin soil. Nature has but one method of initiating those who are bold enough to venture into her rugged campus, he one never so proudly born or daintily nurtured, his metal must be proven by the same ruthless hazing. Yet in homes like that of the Pillsburys, although meager in appointment as many another, hardship and privation were illumined by ideals, and the humdrum of toil relieved by the graces of culture. In 1857, when Mr. Pillsbury's store was destroyed by fire, their vicissitudes culminated in an almost total loss of their worldly possessions. Soon, however, the tide of prosperity turned their way, and continued to flow with ever-increasing fullness. They erected a substantial house at the corner of Fifth street and Tenth avenue south, which was for twenty years the family home. In 1878 this was replaced by their present elegant residence, which occupies the same site as the old homestead. During the Civil War, while her patriotic husband gave to the State his valuable assistance in the task of raising troops, Mrs. Pillsbury was equally active in the organizing of a society and the collecting of funds for the aid of the soldiers and relief of poverty in their families. Thus the sick were cared for, and substantial comforts added to many a destitute home. Following close upon the outbreak of the Rebellion came the horrors of an Indian massacre, in which hundreds of the Minnesota settlers were made victims of savage slaughter. Mrs. Pillsbury, in the midst of treachery and death, stood steadfast as the granite of her native State, calmly preparing for a possible emergency by practicing the arts of defense and acquiring skill in the use of the rifle. Minnesota was but passing through the same throes which she knew as history of her own New Hampshire, and she was sustained in this fearful ordeal by traditions of the heroism of earlier pioneer women. Moreover, she was strong with the strength of deep-founded religious faith. Mahala Fisk was a worthy representative of a fervently religious race, her English progenitors being among those persecuted during the struggle of the Reformation because of their adherence to Protestant principles. Throughout her residence in Minnesota Mrs. Pillsbury has been closely identified with its religious life, which first took organic form in a little Congregational church erected near the site of the Pillsbury home, her diverse gifts finding expression in a diversity of work. Her natural talent for music, both vocal and instrumental, which had been cultivated during her seminary days at Sanbornton, were here devoted to the church. She was promptly appointed, and has ever since continued, a member of the music committee, and for many years her sweet voice swelled the harmony of the choir. The genial womanliness of her character ever created an atmosphere of home about her, and this influence has been a potent one in the church, enlisting in its activities many a new-comer and many a frivolous or timid youth. In furthering its social interests she has been a leading spirit and an indefatigable worker, lightening the pastor's burdens inestimably, though maintaining always a self-effacing modesty. In the Sunday-school her labors have been constant and her enthusiasm unwearying, and the young men and women who have gone forth to their life battles fortified by her wise and loving counsel have long ceased to be numbered. And, corresponding to her work as assistant and instructor in the church, has been her even more consecrated work as helpmeet and mother in the home. Governor and Mrs. Pillsbury were blessed with four children. Addie Eva was born October 4, 1860. She was married October 8, 1884, to Charles M. Webster - now a prominent business man at Great Falls, Montana - and died April 2, 1885. Her native modesty and quiet, gentle character made her beloved by all. The second daughter, Susan M., born June 23, 1863, grew to a beautiful womanhood, becoming a general favorite through the sweetness and sincerity of her character. She was married to Fred B. Snyder, a successful lawyer of Minneapolis, on September 23, 1885, and died September 3, 1891, leaving an only child. John Pillsbury Snyder. Sarah Belle, born June 30, 1866, graduated from the University of Minnesota in 1888, and is now the wife of Edward C. Gale, of Minneapolis, a lawyer of high professional standing and literary culture. Alfred Fisk, the only son, born October 20, 1869, graduated at the University of Minnesota, and now holds a prominent position in the Pillsbury-Washburn Flour Mills Company. His modest ways, native shrewdness and wise tact in dealing with business men has caused him to be selected to handle delicate and important business missions abroad, with results which promise much for his business future. On May 15, 1899, he was married to Eleanor Louise, a daughter of the late Chief Justice Wallbridge A. Field of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts. In 1880 Mrs. Pillsbury united her own efforts with those of other philanthropic women for the establishment of a home for destitute children and aged women. This enterprise was carried into effect on a very small scale at first, with a few street waifs as beneficiaries; but soon the volume of applications which came pouring in showed the extent of the need which the institution was designed to till. Then quickly followed, in November, 1881, the organizing of a society of ladies, of which Mrs. Pillsbury was made president, the raising of funds and the purchasing of the fine old homestead and grounds of Judge Atwater, situated on the banks of the Mississippi. Commodious as were these quarters, however, they were soon found inadequate to the increasing demands upon them, and were eventually sold, and new buildings erected in Minneapolis at an expense of $40,000. Mrs. Pillsbury is still president of the institution, which is known as the Home for Children and Aged Women. In all her good works she has always received the warm sympathy and support of her husband. Christmas of the year 1899 was made memorable in the history of the Home for Children and Aged Women by an endowment of $100,000 presented by her husband in her honor. This fund, the only endowment of the institution, is a permanent one, the income from which is to be used in the current expenses of the institution. It is designated the "Mahala Fisk Pillsbury Fund." Other institutions in which our subject has been actively interested are: The Washburn Home, of which she is a trustee; the Northwestern Hospital for Women, and the Woman's Exchange. It would be vain to attempt enumerating the miscellaneous charities dispersed by the hand of Mrs. Pillsbury. Prosperity, in smiling upon her, smiles also upon the poor within the range of her helpfulness, such poor selected always with conscientious discrimination. Nor does she regard them merely as objects for her sympathy and aid, but as men and women entitled to her respectful regard. She recognizes and reverences true manhood and womanhood, whether it shines from the luxurious setting of wealth or is hidden in the obscurity of poverty. For bombastic display she has no kind regard; but she knows what others see so beautifully illustrated in herself - that one may possess wealth, position and power and yet be modest and sincere. Unregenerate wealth she deems alike pitiable with unregenerate poverty, and even a more baffling problem to him who would reduce the world chaos to something like order and harmony. During her husband's tenure of the gubernatorial chair Mrs. Pillsbury filled with credit her honored position by his side. Nor did she feel herself removed by fortune from the people among whom she had toiled, but rather drawn nearer to them through her sense of added responsibility. It was during Governor Pillsbury's first term of office that large tracts of the State were laid waste by the grasshopper scourge, plunging the settlers into absolute want; and while her husband visited in person the devastated districts, to assure himself of the extent of the suffering and need for succor, Mrs. Pillsbury was employed in the organizing of a bureau of relief, with her own house as headquarters. So serious and widespread was this affliction, however, that she soon found it necessary to rent a storehouse in which to collect and distribute supplies; and throughout that long, cold winter, she and her little band of assistants toiled, often far into the night, selecting and dispatching articles in response to the many and varied appeals of the sufferers. As first lady of the State, Mrs. Pillsbury's versatile gifts were given full scope; but anyone who has looked upon her staunch and noble face knows that this woman was never made by outward circumstances; that in whatever walk of life her lot might have been cast she would always have been a leader, an organizer and a harmonizer. She is one of those rare souls, too widely scattered to touch hands, yet linked by unity of faith and purpose, who form, as it were:

"The rainbow to the storms of life; The evening beam that smiles the clouds away,
And tints to-morrow with prophetic ray."

Williard Byther Pineo
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

W. B. Pineo, of Minneapolis, is a specialist in diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat. Dr. Pineo was born at Columbia, Maine, April 22, 1858. His father Benjamin C. Pineo, was a stone contractor in moderate circumstances. His mother's maiden name was Cordelia W. Ramsdell. On his father's side, Dr. Pineo is descended from Jacques Pineau, the French Huguenot, who landed at Plymouth in 1700. Dr. Timothy Stone Pinneo, grand uncle of Willard, was the author of Pinneo's Grammars and the revisor of the McGuffey readers. He graduated from the classical and medical departments of Yale College with high honors, and was professor of belles lettres at Marietta College, Ohio. Still later he was at the head of a school in Greenwich, Connecticut. Dr. Peter Pineo, of Boston, another grand uncle, was distinguished for his splendid war record. The subject of this sketch received his early education at Oak Hill Seminary at Buchsport, Maine, and Kent's Hill Seminary at Redfield Maine. In September, 1882, he came to Minnesota and not long afterwards began the study of medicine. He received medical diplomas from the Minnesota Hospital College and from the medical department of the University of Minnesota in 1885. He was valedictorian of his class and president of the alumni association. During the winter of 1889-90 he received instruction on the eye, car, nose and throat at the Polyclinic and Manhattan Eye and Ear Infirmary of New York city. During the year 1895 he made a tour of the eye and ear hospitals of Berlin, Vienna, Paris and London. Dr. Pineo owes little to any one but himself for the success which he has attained in his profession, the money necessary to enable him to pursue his medical studies having been earned while teaching in the public schools. For five years following his graduation from the university, Dr. Pineo was associated with Dr. Dunsmoor in the general practice of medicine in the city of Minneapolis, but since that time he has made a specialty of the diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat, and has confined himself to that line of practice. In politics he is a Republican and a reliable supporter of Republican principles, although he has never taken a very active part in politics. He is a member of the Minneapolis Commercial Club, the Minneapolis Whist Club, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and has received all the degrees conferred in Masonry in this state. He is past master of Hennepin Lodge, No. 4, and Minneapolis Council, No. 2, and past junior warden of Zion Commandery, No. 2. He is at present wise master of St. Vincent de Paul Chapter of Rose Croix, No. 2, of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite and is Right Worshipful District Deputy Grand Master of the state of Minnesota. He is also vice-president of the Masons' Fraternal Accident Association of Minneapolis. He was married November 28, 1884, to Saidie Kendal Cobb, granddaughter of Nathaniel Cobb, of Boston, the noted philanthropist.

Ernest A. Plack
Source: Nevada’s Golden Stars Memorial Volume to the Relatives of those Nevada Heroes who died in the World War; prepared under the direction of Maurice J. Sullivan. Transcribed by: Richard Ramos.

Company I 110th Infantry 28th Division
Ernest A. Plack was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in February, 1887. Nothing is known of his early life or of his relatives, except that his parents now live in Minneapolis. He entered the Service from Reno, Washoe County, Nevada, on July 5th, 1918, and served in the 27th Company, 7th Training Battalion, in Company F, 157th Infantry, 40th Division, and in Company I, 110th Infantry, 28th Division. He went overseas on August 8, 1918. Private Plack died October 3d, 1918, of wounds received in action. Previous to that time his division had been fighting in the Argonne Forest, and since the 26th of September had advanced from the jump-off line into the Bois d’ Apremont. It is probable that the soldier lost his life in that vicinity, while the 77th and 28th Divisions were driving the Germans out of the forest. It is unknown how long he had served in the division.

William Northcourt Porteous
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

William Northcourt Porteous, M. D., was born in Ontario, Canada, June 20, 1857. His father, David Porteous, was a student of medicine and surgery in Edinburgh University, Scotland, but in those days anaesthetics were not in use and the sufferings of patients operated upon so unnerved him that he gave up the practice, emigrated to New Brunswick, and engaged in the milling business there. His father was an admiral in the British Navy, receiving his appointment to that rank just before his death. The wife of David Porteous was Jessie Bell, daughter of a leather manufacturer conducting a large business in Canada. The Bell family were also extensively engaged in the lumber business in that country. The subject of this sketch grew up in Ontario, where he attended the common and grammar schools and prepared for McGill University at Montreal. After completing a university course he went to Scotland to pursue his studies in medicine and surgery at Edinburgh University, where his father had been a student before him. He also took a course of study at London College, at London, England. Like many of the enterprising, ambitious young men of Canada, Dr. Porteous was attracted by the better opportunities afforded in the states, and in 1892 came to Minnesota and settled in Minneapolis for the practice of his profession. Since his residence here he has made a specialty of the treatment of the ear, the nose and the throat, and has attained prominence in his profession for which he had carefully prepared. Dr. Porteous is a member of the Presbyterian church. In 1894 he married Miss Alma Norton Johnson, daughter of Col. Charles W. Johnson, of Minneapolis. Mrs. Porteous is a leader in social and musical circles and the possessor of a contralto voice of rare quality and power.

Arthur Wesley Porter
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis, The Minneapolis Journal (1897) Submitted by Diana Heser Morse

Arthur Wesley Porter is a native of Massachusetts, born at Chelsea, November 14, 1851, almost in the shadow of Bunker Hill monument. His ancestors were English Tories living in Charleston, Massachusetts, at the time of the Revolution, who, at the beginning of the hostilities, took advantage of the amnesty offered to the adherents of the Crown and emigrated to Nova Scotia. The family subsequently returned to New England, and Asa Porter, father of Arthur Wesley, took up his residence at Chelsea. The subject of this sketch received his early education under his mother's direction, who was for more than thirty years a public school teacher in Chelsea and vicinity. He passed through the usual high school grades, graduating from the Chelsea high school in 1869, and was accepted for admission to Howard College. In the meantime his voice had developed unusual quality and power and the turned his attention especially to the study of music. Among his instructors were some of the finest in this country, J. W. Adams, Signor Ardavani, George L. Osgood, M. W. Whitney, the great basso, and Dr. Guilmette, the famous dramatic singer. Mr. Porter entered enthusiastically into the study of music and united hard work to untiring perseverance. After two years with the quartette choir in St. Luke's Church, in Chelsea, he was invited to the position of basso in the Warren Avenue Baptist quartette in Boston. He was introduced to the position by Myron W. Whitney, under whom he was studying. While singing in this church, a much more flattering offer was received from the Shawmut Avenue Baptist Church, which he accepted and where he remained for nearly two years. During all this time Prof. Porter continued his studies, developing his voice and preparing himself for the work of a teacher of vocal music and voice culture. He came to Minneapolis as early as 1882, and has resided here ever since, where he has achieved a notable success as a teacher and won distinction as a vocalist. He possesses a basso voice of great compass, extending from C sharp below to F sharp above, and possessed of dramatic quality, and is equal to all the demands that may be made upon it for choir or concert singing, for oratorio or opera. In 1889 the Gounod Club, of Minneapolis, had arranged to give the oratorio of the Messiah, assisted by Mrs. Humphrey Allen, of Boston, and Theodore Toedt, of New York. D. M. Babcock, the celebrated basso of Boston, was cast for the basso parts, but suddenly became ill. Upon three hours' notice Prof. Porter took his place and sang his score with entire success, particularly in the great aria "Why Do the Nations' for which he was warmly complimented by Mrs. Allen and Mr. Toedt. Some idea of the elasticity of his voice my inferred from the fact that it permits him to sing successfully the part of "Lucifer" in Sullivan's Golden Legend, and also the part of "Elijah" in the oratorio of that name, and being especially adapted for the dramatic parts of these works. Mr. Porter devotes his attention almost entirely to teaching voice culture, and has won a sure place in the esteem of the people of Minneapolis as an artist of merit.

Edwin Graham Potter
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis, The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

Edwin Graham Potter is a successful merchant, having been engaged in the wholesale commission business in Minneapolis for the last fifteen years. Mr. Potter is a native of New York. He was born at Adams, October 26, 1852. His father was G. N. Potter, a successful grain merchant and dealer in live stock. His great grandfather was Maj. John Potter, who served in the Revolutionary War, and his grandfather, Edwin Potter, was a soldier in the war of 181 2. Edwin Graham attended the common schools until fifteen years of age, when he left school and went into business, and ever since he was eighteen he has been engaged in the wholesale produce trade. He came to Minnesota in 1881, and located in Minneapolis, where he formed a partnership with H. L. Beeman. Two years later he bought out Mr. Beeman, and his first year's business thereafter amounted to $60,000. He has since handled as high as half a million dollars worth of goods in a single year. His business brought him into close relations with the dairy interests of the state and he has taken an active interest in promoting that industry, having served as president of the State Dairy Association. He prepared and procured the passage by the legislature of the first law governing the sale of bogus butter and cheese, the same law which, with a few amendments, is in operation now. Mr. Potter is a Republican and takes an active interest in politics. He has served the Fourth ward as alderman for four years, and during two years of that time was president of the city council. He declined a re-nomination to the council, but was nominated by the Republicans for mayor in 1890, and went down with the rest of his ticket in the political landslide of that year. He served as the Hennepin County member of the state central committee during two of the most fiercely contested campaigns in the history of the state. In 1894 he was elected by the Republicans as senator from the Thirty-first District to the legislature, defeating J. H. Paris by 2,125 plurality. He introduced a number of important lulls during the session, among which the following became laws: A bill for a constitutional amendment, providing for the loaning of the permanent school fund of the state to cities, counties, towns and school districts within the state. A bill allowing Minneapolis to issue and sell bonds for school purposes. A bill for the inspection of milk and dairies by the health departments of cities. A bill prohibiting the adulteration of candy. A bill providing for "struck" juries in certain cases, and a bill limiting the time for beginning action in personal damage suits. Mr. Potter is a member of the Commercial Club of Minneapolis, of the Masonic order and of the Knights of Pythias. He was married in 1876 to Lena Northey and in 1894 to Anna Keough. He has two children, a daughter six, and a son four years of age.

Le Grand Powers
Source: Progressive Men of Minnesota, (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

Le Grand Powers, State Commissioner of Labor, is a son of Wesley Powers, farmer and manufacturer, in comfortable circumstances in Preston, Chenango County, New York. His mother was Electa Clark. Mr. Powers traces his ancestry, on his father's side, back to Jost Pauer, who was born in Naumberg, Germany, in 1732, and settled in Duchess County, New York, in 1752; on his mother's side his ancestry is traced back to Edmond Clark, who emigrated from England and settled at Lynn, Massachusetts, in 1636. His mother's grandfather, William Clark, was born at Windham, Connecticut, in 1754, and entered the Continental Army in 1776. He took part in the battles of Long Island and White Plains. His mother's maternal grandfather, Sylvester Miner, served seven years in the Continental Army, and Jost Pauer was recorded among the active friends of the patriotic cause. Others of Mr. Powers' ancestry, of both his father's and mother's family, were prominent in the stirring events of Colonial times, and served in the Continental Army, and were signers of the patriotic articles and pledges of loyalty circulated after the battles of Lexington and Concord. Those articles pledged the signers to support the colonial cause and resist the unjust demands of the crown. Mr. Powers was born at Preston, New York, July 21, 1847. His early education was obtained in the common schools of that town, in the academy at Oxford, New York, and in the Clinton Institute at Clinton, New York. He entered Tufts college, at College Hill, Massachusetts, in 1868 and was there two years. He then came West and finished his college course at the Iowa State University, Iowa City, in 1872, graduating with the degree of A. B. He purposed entering the ministry, and prepared himself by private study for that profession. He was ordained as a Universalist clergyman in 1872, the year of his graduation from the Iowa university. He was elected principal of the Iowa Universalist Academy the same year, and held the position until 1874. He engaged in pastoral work from 1874 to 1890. During this time he was for three years superintendent of churches for Illinois. His last two pastorates were in Minneapolis, in which city the present edifice of All Soul's church was erected under his direction and largely owing to his efforts. He was appointed commissioner of labor of the state by Governor Merriam in 1891 and reappointed by Governor Nelson in 1893, and again by Governor Clough in 1895. Mr. Powers is a Republican and has taken an active interest in public questions. His careful study of economic questions, his sympathies with the masses, his special interest in the problems confronting the laboring classes, on which topics he has been recognized as an able and vigorous speaker, suggested him for the appointment to this position. He has discharged the duties of his office with signal ability. His reports are quoted throughout the country as among the most valuable compiled on this subject. His work has attracted the attention of economists in this and foreign countries, and he is regarded as authority on the questions which he has investigated in the course of his official duties. He keeps abreast of the times, and when W. H. Harvey's book, "Coin's Financial School," began to attract attention he made a study of it and prepared an answer, which is regarded as one of the most able of the many answers written in reply to Mr. Harvey. The title of his book was "Farmer Hayseed in Town." It followed much the same plan adopted by Mr. Harvey, the dry facts and arithmetical calculations being spiced up with clever comments of the different characters who carry on an imaginary discussion of Mr. Harvey's propositions. At the time of the famous debate between Mr. Horr and Mr. Harvey at Chicago, the former invited Mr. Powers to sit with him in that debate and assist him in his work. Mr. Powers has been actively and prominently identified with educational and philanthropic work in Minneapolis, and is one of the most enthusiastic promoters of university extension in this state. His identification with clubs, societies, etc., consists of membership in the Theta Delta Chi, a college fraternity, the Masonic order, the Modern Woodmen, the Fraternal Aid Society, Commercial Club of Minneapolis and the Union League of Minneapolis. He is a member of the Universalist church, and in 1873 he was married to Amanda D. Kinney. They have had three children, of whom two are living, Irma, a daughter, and Loren, a son.

Robert Pratt
Source: Progressive Men of Minnesota, (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

Surrounded by adverse influences in youth, with limited educational facilities, but with courage and perseverance acquired from hard experiences undergone through a service of four years in the civil war, while yet in his teens, Robert Pratt, the mayor of Minneapolis, has gradually climbed the ladder of success. He was born December, 12, 1845, at Rutland, Vermont, the son of Sidney Wright Pratt and Sarah Elizabeth Harkness (Pratt). His father was a laborer in poor financial circumstances. His mother was Scotch, coming to this country in 1834. The paternal grandfather of Robert was a captain in the War of 181 2, and married a South Carolinian. Robert received his early education in the district schools, also taking a course in the Brandon Seminary, at Brandon, Vermont. When but fifteen years and eight months old, he enlisted at Brandon as a private in Company H, Fifth Vermont Volunteer Infantry, and served throughout the entire war. He was in active service all this time and engaged in all the principal battles of the Army of the Potomac after Bull Run, serving under McClellan, Burnside, Hooker, Meade and Sheridan until the close at Appomattox. At the time he was mustered out, July 12, 1865, he was hardly twenty years of age, yet he had been promoted to the rank of captain. The sufferings experienced by this courageous youth in the service of his country, were such as to prepare him early for the struggles of life. He had earned his first dollar by gathering stones on the farm, and from his first start in business for himself was able to accumulate money by industry and economical habits. He came to Minnesota, locating at Minneapolis, in November 1866, with an invalid brother, who had sought this climate to regain his health. Robert first began working by the day, driving a team, and doing any other kind of work he could find. With the accumulated savings of some years he embarked in the lumber business for himself, afterwards, in 1877 or 1878, becoming a dealer in wood and coal. Mr. Pratt has remained in the fuel business since that time, having made a success of it, being one of the largest retail dealers in that line in Minneapolis. He has always taken a prominent part in all enterprises tending to upbuild the city. His political affiliations have always been with the Republican party. His first vote was cast for Lincoln when he was but nineteen years of age, having earned his right to vote by his three years service in the army. In 1884 he was elected a member of the city council for a term of three years. He was also elected a member of the School Board in 1888 for a term of four years, and was re-elected for a term of six years in 1892. In 1894 he was nominated by the Republicans for the office of mayor of Minneapolis and elected. His administration of the office has been a commendable one, and at the Republican city convention in August 1896, he was re-nominated by his party with but slight opposition, and re-elected by the largest majority ever accorded a mayor of this city. Mr. Pratt is a member of the Grand Army, the Loyal Legion, the Elks, the Masonic fraternity, the Union League, a director of the Commercial Club and German American Bank. He was married August 30, 1871, to Irene Lamoreaux. They have six children: Roberta, Helen Clare, Sidney, Robert, Jr., Sara and Thomas. The two eldest daughters are graduates of the State University, while the eldest son is taking his fourth year.

James T. Pribble
Source: History of Anoka County and the Towns of Champlin and Dayton in Hennepin County, Minnesota, by Albert M. Goodrich (1905) transcribed by Gladys Lavender

JAMES T. PRIBBLE was born in Kennebec Co., Maine, April 19, 1828. He lived in this county until 1856, when he came to Minnesota, arriving at St. Anthony May 25. He has lived in Hennepin county constantly since that date being engaged in teaching and educational work during nearly the whole time. He was town superintendent of schools of the town of Brooklyn, and when the law was changed became district examiner of schools. The law creating the office of county superintendent of schools was passed during the session of 1861-2, and under that law Mr. Pribble was appointed by the county commissioners as the first superintendent of schools of Hennepin county on Oct. 10, 1862. He served six years in this position. Since that time Mr. Pribble has been engaged in teaching school in Hennepin county until 1901. Mr. Pribble was married Nov. 25, 1854, to Almira L. Norris. Children: Edwin B. (North Yakima, Wash.), Ada J. (Mrs. C.F. Foster, Minneapolis), Charles A., David N. and Josephine (Mrs. Guy Boynton, Minneapolis).

Frank M. Prince
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis, The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

Frank M. Prince - a man who has grown up with the state, and by his strict fidelity to business and persevering industry has won for himself a place among the financiers of this commonwealth. F. M. Prince is vice-president of the First National Bank of Minneapolis. He is the son of George H. Prince and Sarah E. Nash (Prince) George H. Prince is at present not engaged in active business, being in comfortable circumstances financially. Frank M. was born at Amherst, Massachusetts, July 23, 1854. He received a good common education in the public schools of his native town and the high school. The first money he ever earned was carrying mail while attending school from twelve until he was sixteen years of age. He worked in a general store after that age until he was twenty years old, when he came to Minnesota, in December 1874, settling at Stillwater. He was for a year employed in the general store of Prince & French in that city, and in the winter of 1873 taught school. In April of that year he obtained employment in the First National Bank of Stillwater, working as an office boy and general clerk. He continued in this position until July 1878, when he obtained employment in the First National Bank of Minneapolis, as correspondent and teller. He held this position until November 1882, when he returned to the First National Bank at Stillwater, taking the position of cashier, January 1, 1883. He remained in this position for nine years. On August 1, 1892, he entered upon his duties as secretary and treasurer of the Minnesota Loan and Trust Company, of Minneapolis. He held this position, however, only two years, when he returned to the First National Bank of Minneapolis, August 1, 1894, taking the position of cashier. He was holding this office when he was elected vice-president of the bank, January 1, 1895. Mr. Prince is held in high esteem by all his business associates for his sound judgment and his qualifications as a shrewd and conservative financier. He is also interested in other business enterprises, being a director in the Minnesota Loan and Trust Company, of Minneapolis; the Stillwater Water Company, the C. N. Nelson Lumber Company and the Merchants Bank at Cloquet. Mr. Prince's political affiliations are with the Republican party. He is a member of the Minneapolis and Commercial clubs. He was married April 26. 1883, to Mary Bell Russell. Mrs. Prince died July 27. 1888. They had no children.

William Proctor
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. Publ. 1907 Transcribed by Rhonda Hill

BRACKETT William Proctor, Minneapolis. Res 3345 2d av S, office 25 Chamber of Commerce. Grain. Born Feb 26, 1857 at Orono Me, son of H H and Mary Scott ( Felton) Brackett. Married May 4, 1880 to Hattie B Bryant. Educated in the Minneapolis public schools and U of M. Engaged in grain business 1870 to date; now sec and treas Sheffield Elevator Co.

Milton Dwight Purdy
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis, The Minneapolis Journal (1897) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

Milton Dwight Purdy is assistant city attorney of Minneapolis. He was born November 3, 1866, in the village of Mogadore, Summit County, Ohio, the son of Milton Gushing Purdy and Sarah Jane Hall (Purdy). Milton Gushing Purdy resides at Whitehall, Illinois. His occupation during his whole life has been that of a manufacturer of stone ware, except a few years in which he was engaged in the manufacture of matches at Akron, Ohio. He built the first match factory in that city, but subsequently sold it to the Barber Match Company, which is now one of the largest concerns in the United States. Milton Dwight removed with his parents to Illinois in 1870 and located at Whitehall. He was educated in the public schools in Whitehall, and graduated from the high school at the age of seventeen in the class of 1884. Two years after his graduation were occupied in teaching in Greene County, the first year at the town of Patterson, the second year in the public schools of Whitehall, as principal of the grammar department. For several years prior to this time Mr. Purdy, during his summer vacations, worked at and learned the potter's trade in his father's factory. This work at first brought him about forty cents a day until he became old enough to have a wheel of his own when he made all the way from two to five dollars a day. In this manner and by teaching school for two years he acquired sufficient funds to enable him to go to college. In the fall of 1886 Mr. Purdy came to Minnesota for the purpose of entering the State University. He remained in that institution for six years, in which time he completed the full classical course and was graduated in 1891 from the collegiate department, and in the class of 1892 from the law school. In the second year at college he joined the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity. He took an active part in two oratorical contests for the Pillsbury prize at the university. In the first contest he received third place, and in the second contest was awarded first place. During his last year in college he received an invitation from the Union League, of Chicago, to represent the colleges of the state of Minnesota at the annual banquet of the Union League given on Washington's birthday. This was in the spring of 1892, Mr. Purdy was there as the guest of the Union League, and delivered an address in the Unity church of that city. During the summer of 1890 he entered the law office of Judge R. D. Russell and read law with him until after graduating from the law school. After graduation, in 1892, he located in Minneapolis, and has since been engaged in the practice of law. The first part of 1893 he was appointed assistant city attorney by David F. Simpson, city attorney of Minneapolis, and has held that position for two terms. He has always been a Republican and voted and acted with that party. He is a member of the Union League and has membership in a number of such organizations. On January 28, 1893, he was married to Belle M. Morin, of Albert Lea, who was a member of his class at the university, and graduated from that institution in 1891.

Lars M. Rand
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

Lars M. Rand came from that station in life with which he has in the years of his later success and prosperity always retained a large sympathy. He is the son of Mathias O. Rand, a laborer in Bergen, Norway, where he was born January 24, 1857. He comes of a long-lived family. His four grandparents all lived to be over ninety years of age. Mr. Rand attended the common schools of Bergen, and of Minnesota after his removal to this country. He came to America in 1875. He took the literary course at the State Normal School at Winona. After leaving school he read law with Hon. William H. Yale, of that city. He was admitted to the practice of law there in 1884, and in the same year was elected Judge of Criminal Court in the city of Winona. He held this office until the latter part of 1885, when he removed to Minneapolis in search of a larger field for the employment of his talents in the practice of his profession. In 1887 City Attorney Seagrave Smith appointed Judge Rand as his assistant, and he served two years in that capacity. Since that time he has been a member of the well-known law firm of Gjertsen & Rand, and enjoys a lucrative practice. In 1890 he was elected to the city council from the Sixth ward, and was re-elected alderman from the same ward and in 1894, both times with a very large majority. Judge Rand is a Democrat, and is a member of the Democratic state central committee. He has for a number of years taken an active part in promoting the interests of his party, and is recognized as one of its influential members in this state. He is democratic in his sympathies and feelings, and has achieved a reputation as an advocate of the interests of the common people. In official life he has always opposed the granting of franchises and special privileges, and took an active part in opposition to the Street Railway Company in their long controversy with the council over the question of transfers, a controversy which finally resulted in the complete triumph of the council and the attainment of a system of transfers which is probably as nearly perfect as it could be made, and altogether in the interest of the public. Judge Rand, as a member of the council, opposed the existing garbage and gas and electric contracts which he regards as unfavorable to the city. He is an earnest advocate of the city owning its own street railway and lighting plants. He is also a persistent advocate of eight hours as a sufficient work day, and of the adoption of that rule in all public work by the city. Judge Rand is a Mason, Knights of Pythias, Turner, and a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He is identified with the Lutheran Church, and in 1884 was married to Miss Jennie M. Beebe, of Winona. They have two children, Lars and Florence.

John Patterson Rea
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

John Patterson Rea was born on election day and has taken an active interests in politics ever since. He comes of a line of distinguished ancestors. His father, Samuel A. Rea, was a woolen manufacturer. His paternal grandfather, Samuel Rea, was a soldier in the Revolution and a cousin of General John Rea, of Pennsylvania, who after the Revolution served many years in the legislature of Pennsylvania and in the congress of the United States. Judge Rea's mother's maiden name was Ann Light. She was the daughter of Samuel Light, of Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, who built the New Market iron works in that county in 1807 or 1808, and granddaughter of Jacob Light, who settled at Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1791. Her mother was a daughter in John Light, secretary of the meeting that adopted the Lebanon resolves in 1775, and who was a member of the Lancaster committee of safety during the Revolution. His grandmother on his father's side was Mary Patterson, a cousin of General Robert Patterson, of Philadelphia. Judge John P. Rea, the subject of this sketch, was born in Lower Oxford, Chester County, Pennsylvania, October 13, 1840. He attended the common schools and Hopewell Academy for four terms. In 1867 he graduated in the classical course at Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio. He was prize essayist of the academy in 1860 and also prize essayist of his class in college, and he was selected by his class in 1866, as president of the Zetagathean Society, to sign the graduation diplomas. He studied law for about six months at Piqua, Ohio, but completed his law studies with Honorable O. J. Dickey, of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and was admitted to the bar August 20, 1868. He practiced there till December, 1875. He removed to Minneapolis January 2, 1876, and was editor of the Minneapolis Tribune from January 10, 1876, till May 1, 1877. Since that time he has practiced law in Minneapolis, except while serving on the bench. He entered the army as a private in Company B, Eleventh Ohio Infantry, April 16, 1861. He was tendered and declined a second lieutenancy in the Eighteenth United States Infantry, July, 1861. He helped to recruit Company I, First Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, in August, 1861, and was commissioned second lieutenant of that company. He was afterwards promoted to first lieutenant and on April 1, 1863, was raised to the rank of captain. November 25, 1863, he was breveted major for gallantry in action at Cleveland, Tennessee. He served until November 22, 1864, and was then mustered out on the expiration of his enlistment as the senior captain of the regiment. He was detailed by General Thomas to command his escort in May, 1862, but preferring to remain in his company obtained a release from the detail. When at home with his company in February, 1864, he was offered and declined a commission as colonel of a new regiment. He was in every engagement of his company up to the close of his service, and commanded it in the battles of Blackland, Bardstown, Washington, Perryville, Galatin, Stone River, Tullahoma, Nolensville, Elk River, Alpine, Chickamauga, Shelbyville, MacMinnville, Farmington, Cleveland, Charlestown, relief of Knoxville, Moulton, Decatur, Rome, Kenesaw Mountain, Lovejoy Station, Kilpatrick's raid round Atlanta and on numerous scouting raids. He only missed ten days of during the terms of his enlistment, eight of which days were while in the hands of the enemy as a prisoner. Judge Rea was one of the early members of the Grand Army of the Republic, having joined at Piqua, Ohio, in December, 1866, and was a delegate to the first department encampment of that state. He has been post commander of George. H. Thomas Post at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and of George N. Morgan Post of Minneapolis, senior vice commander department of Minnesota for 1881 and 1882, department commander in 1883, senior vice commander-in-chief in 1884 and 1885, and commander-in-chief in 1887 and 1888. Judge Rea has also been actively interested in politics, and made his first speech in favor of the abolition of slavery in 1857. In 1858 he stumped Chester County, Pennsylvania, for Honorable John Hickman, and was on the stump for the Republican party for every year from that time until he removed to Minnesota. He learned his politics from John Hickman and Thadeus Stevens, and was frequent elected to membership on political committees and in political conventions. He was appointed assessor of internal revenue for the Ninth Pennsylvania district by President Grant in 1869, and held the office until it was abolished in May, 1873. Since coming to Minnesota he has held the office of judge of probate court in 1877 and was re-elected in 1879 and declined a third term. He was appointed judge of the Fourth judicial district in April, 1886, was elected to succeed himself without opposition in the fall of that year and served until July, 1890, when he resigned. He has been a member of the law firms in Minneapolis of Rea & Hooker, Rea, Hooker & Woolley, Rea, Woolley & Kitchel, Rea & Kitchel, Rea, Kitchel & Shaw, Rea, Miller & Torrance, Rea & Hubachek, and is now the head of the firm of Rea & Healey. He was a member of the Phi Kappa Psi college society at Ohio Wesleyan University and was president of the executive council of that fraternity for two years, is member of the Sons of the Revolution and the Loyal Legion, holding the office of junior vice commander for Minnesota for one year, and was also for one year a member of the council in chief of the order. He was brigadier general of the staff of Governor Hubbard for two years, and a member of the board of visitors of West Point Academy for the year 1893. He has always been a Republican, but refused in 1892 to support the Republican candidate for president, preferring Mr. Cleveland. On the current financial issue he proclaims himself an uncompromising bimetallist. Judge Rea is a member of the Presbyterian Church, and was married October 26, 1869, to Emma M. Gould, of Delaware, Ohio. They have no child.

Louis A. Reed

Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

Louis A. Reed is a practicing attorney-at-law. Mr. Reed was a farmer's boy, his father, Adam Reed, being engaged in the business of farmer and miller in Mason County, Illinois, where the subject of this sketch was born January 23, 1855. His father was of German descent, while his mother's ancestry was English. Mr. Reed had only the early educational advantages which come to the farmer boy of the common school during the winter, and plenty of muscle training and muscle building in the summer on the farm. He had a taste for books, however, and in a course at Illinois Normal University, at Normal, Illinois, prepared himself for the profession of a teacher. He also took a partial course at the Illinois Industrial University at Champaign, but left college at the end of his sophomore year. He taught school and continued his studies by himself. He was attracted toward the profession of law and began the study of law in the office of George W. Ellsbury, at Mason City, Illinois. In casting about for a more promising field for the practice of his profession he decided upon Minneapolis and came to Minnesota in July, 1880. He entered the office of Rea, Woolley & Kitchel, and continued his study until April 1, 1883, when he began the practice of law alone. After John G. Woolley became county attorney, he assisted him as assistant county attorney of Hennepin County, but without compensation from the county. On December 1, 1883, he formed a partnership with John G. Woolley and Charles P. Biddle, under the firm name of Woolley, Biddle & Reed. After the dissolution of this firm he entered into partnership with Robert D. Russell, now judge of the district court, and George D. Emery, ex-judge of the municipal court, the firm's name being Russell, Emery & Reed. This partnership was formed January 1, 1886. Still later he became a partner with William A. Kerr, in the firm of Reed & Kerr, which partnership was maintained until Mr. Kerr was elected to the municipal bench. Mr. Reed is a Republican, but has held no public office. His devotion to his party and his skill in the management of political affairs made him chairman of the Republican county committee of Hennepin County in 1890. In 1894 he was made chairman of the Republican judiciary committee, and he still holds that position. His conduct of campaigns of which he was the directing spirit, has been distinguished by ability and success. Mr. Reed is a Mason, a member of Khurum Lodge, No. 112, is a Knight of Pythias and a Modern Woodman, and, also, a member of the Commercial Club, of Minneapolis. His church relationship is with the Lowry Hill Congregational Church, of which he is one of the supporters. Mr. Reed was married July 8, 1880, to Isabelle Trent. They have two boys, Albert P. and Russell C. Mr. Reed has taken a high rank in the legal profession of Minneapolis, and is held in general esteem on account of his sterling qualities and recognized ability.

Robert Reed
[Source: Encyclopedia of Biography of Minnesota, History of Minnesota by Judge Charles E. Flandreau, 1900, transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman]

This family of Reed is easily traceable to a Scotch-English ancestry, although the immediate progenitors of our subject were born in this country, his great-grandfather having served under the American flag in the War of 1812. His father devoted the greater part of his life to agriculture, and died in Iowa in the year 1855. Robert Reed, who is a native of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, was barely ten years of age at the time of his father's decease, the date of his birth having been March 2, 1845; and thus early orphaned, he was constrained to put aside childish things and look out upon life through the serious eyes of responsible years. Previous to his father's death, and for a year or two afterwards, he attended the district schools of Iowa. He then obtained employment, at five dollars a week, which occupied him for a year. When the Rebellion broke out, he enlisted, although but fifteen years of age, in the Fourteenth Iowa Regiment of Infantry, from which he was subsequently transferred to the Forty second Iowa Regiment. Upon the expiration of his term of service he re-enlisted in the Seventh Iowa Cavalry, with which he did duty on the western plains in protecting the lives and property of the frontier settlers against the Indians. Thus at a time of life when so many youths, within the shelter of the parental roof, are amusing themselves with thrilling tales of Indian warfare, young Reed was experiencing its actual perils and strife. He took part in many hard skirmishes, and in numerous instances accomplished the rescue of men or women who had been taken captive by the redmen. At length he was made assistant quartermaster, in which capacity he displayed such ability that he was promoted to a clerkship in the paymaster's department of the Northwest. This post he retained until June 4, 1866, when he was honorably discharged by the Government, after five years of loyal service. He returned to his home in Iowa City, Iowa, and in August of the following year he removed to Minneapolis and engaged in the jewelry business, which he conducted for many years. Later on he established the wholesale jewelry firm of Reed & Daily, which was subsequently modified, by the admittance of a new partner, to Reed. Daily & Betman. After five years of successful operation the firm was incorporated as the Reed-Deman Jewelry Manufacturing Company. Eventually Mr. Reed withdrew from this corporation and established a new wholesale house - the Reed-Bennett Company, which does a flourishing business, and is well known throughout the Northwest. Mr. Reed is a prominent member of the G. A. R., being present commander of the Butler Post, No. 73. In politics he is a Democrat. On October 18, 1873, Mr. Reed was married to Miss Julia A. Enke. Of the four children born to them, two sons and a daughter are living. Mr. and Mrs. Reed are members of the Methodist Episcopal church.

David Reynolds
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

David Reynolds, better known as General David Reynolds, was born Christmas Day, 1814, in Washington County, Pennsylvania, and died in Minneapolis, February 5, 1896. On his father's side his ancestors were English and Welsch, and on his mother's Huguenots. Which he was eight years of age the family removed to Monroe County, Ohio, and nine years later to Henry County, Indiana. With but limited educational advantages, such as the common schools of the time afforded, he entered a general store as clerk, and was there employed for three years. His ambition, however, was to obtain a better education, and he became a student at Asbury University, at Greencastle, Indiana. He had as his associates in that school men who afterwards became distinguished, as Senator Voorhees, Senator McDonald, Senator Harlan and Governor Porter. Upon completing his course at the university he entered the law office of Fletcher, Butler & Yandes, at Indianapolis, and was admitted to practice in all the courts of the state. Soon after this the Mexican war broke out and he was appointed by Governor Whitcomb adjutant general of the state of Indiana. Acting in that capacity he organized, equipped and sent forward all the troops enlisted from that state. Although this proved a very laborious task, he discharged it personally without either an assistant or clerk, and as compensation received the sum of one hundred dollars a year. Subsequently he was commissioned to go to Washington to make a settlement for moneys advanced by the state, but his services were so highly appreciated that at this time he was paid a reasonable compensation for his work. His brother, Major L. S. Reynolds, was inventor and patentee of important improvements in flour milling, which were the beginning of modern methods of flour manufacture. David was engaged to go to Eastern cities and finally to England and France to introduce these new appliances. General Reynolds, in 1865, together with his brother, Major L. S. and his brother, Dr. J. L. Reynolds, removed to Minneapolis. He foresaw the future growth of this city and made investments on Ninth and Tenth streets and First and Second avenues South, which have come to be of great value. Although he did not engage actively in business pursuits, he contributed in many ways to the general advancement and prosperity of the city. In politics, General Reynolds was always an ardent Democrat. His last public appearance was as president of a large ratification meeting held in Minneapolis on the occasion of President Cleveland's first election. His church connections were with the Methodist denomination, and in 1874 he organized what was called the "Little Giant" Bible class. It began with a single member, but afterwards grew to number three hundred and fifty-two. On its list of members may be found the names of many of our most prominent professional and business men, and during its existence it gained a wide fame over the whole country, and its leader represented it at one time in a convention at Chautauqua. General Reynolds was married in Indianapolis. April 2, 1863, to Miss Jennie McOuat, who was of Scotch lineage. She died a year and one month later at Rochester, New York, leaving a daughter named Jennie, at present a resident of Minneapolis and widow of the late George L. Hilt. General Reynolds left an honorable name and the record of valuable and long continued usefulness in the community, and his memory is honored by all who knew him.

Samuel G. Roberts
Source: Compendium of History and Biography of North Dakota, Publ. 1900. Transcribed by Sally Masteller

SAMUEL G. ROBERTS, a prominent attorney of Fargo, North Dakota, who has borne an important part in the development and upbuilding that city, was born in Brooks, Maine, March 10, 1843, and was reared and educated in that state, supplementing the knowledge he acquired in the common schools by an academic course. In 1861, at the opening of the Civil war, he enlisted in Company B, Seventeenth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, and was in active service with that regiment until August 10, 1864, when he was mustered out. Coming to Stillwater, Minnesota, he again enlisted, in 1865, in Company A, Ninth United States Veteran Volunteers, known as Hancock's corps, and was with that command on guard duty at Washington, D. C., and Indianapolis, Indiana, for one year. During his previous service he took part in the battles fought in North and South Carolina, mostly small engagements, and was wounded at three different times. He rose to the rank of first lieutenant.

After his final discharge, Mr. Roberts remained in Indianapolis for over a year, and then returned to Minneapolis, where he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1870. He was engaged in practice there for two years, and then, in January, 1872, came to Fargo, North Dakota, taking up a quarter-section of land on which the city now stands. Forming a partnership with S. G. Comstock, he engaged in the practice of law at Moorhead, Minnesota, for some time, and then returned to Fargo, where he has followed his chosen profession almost continuously since. He was interested in the founding of the First National Bank, and was one of its stockholders for years. He also assisted in starting the Fargo foundry and the Republican Newspaper Company, which have since gone out of existence.

In October, 1872, Mr. Roberts married Mrs. Jennie Baldwin, a native of Canada, and they have one daughter, Ruth, now attending the State University. In his political views Mr. Roberts has been a life-long Republican, and he assisted in organizing the party in this state. He has ever taken an active and prominent part in public affairs, serving as a member of the territorial council in 1879 and 1883, a member of the territorial committee on emigration in 1875 and 1876, states attorney for Cass county in 1877 and 1878, and county superintendent of schools for some time in the early ‘70s. He also served as municipal judge during the existence of that office in 1896, and has been a member of the city council three terms and city attorney three terms. He is one of the most public-spirited and enterprising men of Fargo, and has proved a very popular official.

Thorstein K. Rogne
Source: History Biography of North Dakota. Transcribed by Kim Mohler

THORSTEIN K. ROGNE, the efficient and well known postmaster of Manfred, Wells county, was identified with the business interests of that thriving town from the early days of its existence. He is a man of good business qualifications, and has met with success in every enterprise in which he has embarked, and has built up an enviable reputation for integrity of character, and is highly esteemed as an exemplary citizen.

Our subject was born in Valders, Norway, in 1859. His father, Christ Rogne, was a native of Norway, and died in his native land. Our subject was the fourth in a family of six children, and was raised on a farm, and graduated from a military school in Christiania in 1880. He emigrated to America in 1881, and spent one year in Wisconsin at farm work, and then lived five years in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He worked on a Scandinavian newspaper during the winter months, and spent the summers with a surveying party. He visited his native land four months in 1888, and then went to North Dakota and took government land in Foster county, and farmed with oxen the first two years. He went to Wells county in 1892 and located near Manfred, where he has followed farming since. In company with Lewis Burkham he established the first general store in Manfred in 1894. He disposed of his interests in 1898 and established a furniture and hardware business and erected a building 52x52 feet, the largest in the town, and after conducting the business a year and a half sold the same to J. L. Berg. He has held the office of postmaster for five years, and was the first officer appointed at Manfred.

Our subject was married, in 1888, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, to Mary Forstraa, a native of Norway. Mr. and Mrs. Rogne are the parents of six children. Mr. Rogne takes an active part in local affairs, and has served as county surveyor four years and clerk of the school board for several years. He has watched the growth of the town, and has aided materially in its advancement. Politically, he is a Populist, and stands for reform principles under any name.

Robert Donough Russell
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. (Shutter, Marion Daniel, 1853-ed.) Minneapolis, The Minneapolis Journal (1897) Submitted by Diana Heser Morse

The subject of this sketch has been a resident of Minneapolis since 1883. He was born at St. Louis, on March 9, 1851, where his parents had lived for a number of years. The father, Charles E. Russell, who was a native of New Jersey, but came West in 1837, was a mechanic of industrious habits and superior intelligence and pronounced radical views. His wife, who was Miss Louisa Mathews, was a lady of no ordinary attainments. During the rebellion she engaged in the work of sanitary commission, doing noble work among the soldiers of the Union army. Of the eight boys in the family, five grew to manhood. The eldest became president of Barean College, Jacksonville, Illinois. Another brother is Sol Smith Russell, the celebrated actor. Four of the brothers bore arms during the rebellion, but Robert was too young to take part in the war. After the family moved to Jacksonville in 1860, he commenced, at only nine years of age, to learn his father's trade, that of a tinner. Until he was eighteen years old his work at the bench alternated with short periods of schooling; but he managed to fit himself for college, and in 1868 he entered the sophomore class of Illinois College. While attending college he supported himself by labor and teaching. He graduated in 1871 with the highest honors, being valedictorian of his class. Within a year he commenced the study of law in the office of Isaac L. Morrison, of Jacksonville. His admission to the bar was in September, 1874, and at the same time he received the degree of Master of Arts from his alma mater. Almost immediately upon his admission, the young lawyer was appointed city attorney of Jacksonville, a position which he held for three terms. He was also made a partner in the law firm of Dummer & Brown, and upon the death of Judge Dummer in 1878, he continued with Mr. Brown until his removal to Minneapolis. This partnership brought Mr. Russell into very extensive practice, in which the affairs of several railroads represented by the firm, were of the most importance. Questions of state control of railroads and the right to prescribe rates, were then comparatively new. In the extensive litigation which followed the assertion of those powers, the firm of Dummer, Brown & Russell was prominent. In connection with some of these important litigations, Mr. Russell visited Washington in 1881, and was admitted to practice in the United States supreme court. The attractions of Minneapolis as a place to live, led two of the brothers, Robert and Sol Smith, to choose this city as their home. Soon after his arrival, Mr. Russell formed the law partnership of Russell, Emery & Reed. The firm later became Russell, Calhoun & Reed, and enjoyed a large practice. The first public service rendered by Mr. Russell in Minneapolis was as city attorney. He was appointed to that office on January 1, 1889, and served for four years. Perhaps the most important litigation during his term was that connected with the dispute between the city and several railroad companies, relative to the bridging of the railroad tracks on Fourth Avenue North. The case had reached the supreme court of the United States when Mr. Russell succeeded in arriving at a compromise which was acceptable to the railroads companies and advantageous to the city. This allowed the work of the bridging to go forward, much to the benefit of the people. In the autumn of 1891, Mr. Russell received the Republican nomination for judge of the district court. The Democratic party was successful at the succeeding election, but in May, 1893, Judge Lochren retired from the bench, and Mr. Russell was appointed to fill out his term. In November, 1894, he was elected to succeed himself for the six years' term. Judge Russell was president of the Minneapolis Bar Association in 1892-93. He is a trustee of Illinois College, a prominent member of Plymouth Congregational church in Minneapolis, and a public-spirited and progressive citizen. He was married on September 7, 1876, to Miss Lilian M. Brooks, of Danville, Illinois. Their living children are Dorothy Russell, aged nine years, and Jean Russell, aged five years.

Dennis Edward Ryan
Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse

There are among the young business men in the city of Minneapolis many who can justly lay claim to the title of a self-made man, but none who have proven themselves more deserving of it than Dennis Edward Ryan, of the firm of D. E. Ryan & Co., jobbers and commission merchants. Mr. Ryan is of Irish descent. His father, Thomas Ryan, and mother, Catharine Thimlin (Ryan), were both born in Ireland. Emigrating to this country they located in Philadelphia, where Dennis was born, March 28, 1862. When the boy was but eight years old, they removed West and settled and Dubuque, Iowa, subsequently locating at Independence, in the same state. Dennis received but a common school education in the public schools of the latter place. His father having died when he was but fifteen years old, the support of his mother, three younger brothers and one sister rested upon him until the children had reached the ages of self-support and until his mother's death. At that early age he secured employment with M. M. Walker & Co., a wholesale fruit house at Dubuque, as a salesman. From that time to this he has followed the fruit and produce business. He remained in the employ of the same firm at Dubuque until his removal to Minneapolis in February, 1884. Here he secured the position of salesman with the fruit and produce firm of Miller & Miller, but only remained in their employ about a year. He then became engaged with J. C. Walters, subsequently the firm of Walters & Wagner, dealers in fruit and produce, as a salesman in the city and on the road. He was connected with this house until 1891, at which time he engaged in business for himself in the same line of trade at which he had been working, with offices located at 106 First Avenue North. Mr. Ryan's means were rather limited, having less than two hundred dollars capital to start in business with: but business rapidly increased, and only six months after starting he took in partnership D. H. Thornton. Mr. Thornton, however, withdrew from the firm six months later to engage in the grocery business. Since that time Mr. Ryan has continued the business alone, under the firm name of D. E. Ryan & Co. In two years' time the business of this firm had so increased that it necessitated moving to larger quarters at 129 First Avenue North, where it occupied the entire building. The firm now has commodious and spacious quarters in a three-story building on Second Avenue North and Sixth Street, which was fitted in all particulars and details for the carrying on of the business in which the firm is engaged. D. E. Ryan & Co is now one of the largest jobbing and commission houses engaged in the fruit and produce trade in Minneapolis. Mr. Ryan is a young man of enterprise and push, who has succeeded in building up a competence by a close application to the business in which he is engaged, and gives promise of taking a leading place in the future commercial life of the City of Minneapolis. Mr. Ryan is a member of the Elks and of the Commercial Club of Minneapolis. He is an attendant of the Roman Catholic Church. In February, 1889, he was married to Victoria McCarroll. They have four children, Vivian May, aged six; Gerald Carroll, aged four; Dennis Edward, aged two, and Doris Margaret, born December 30, 1896.

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