Mahnomen County, Minnesota

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- - 1909 - - Land May Go To Indians. (Beaulieu)
Source: The Evening Times (Grand Forks, ND) January 19, 1909; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

Fifteen Counties in Northern Minnesota May Be Owned by Redskins If Court So Decides.

Fifteen counties in northern Minnesota will revert to the Mississippi, Pillager and Chippewa tribes of Indians, should the United Sates supreme court uphold the claim made by these tribes in a complaint filed by Gus H. Beaulieu, a Chippewa who for years has been recognized as a leader of Indians residing in Minnesota.

State Auditor Samuel G. Iverson yesterday called in conference with him to consider the case, Gov. John A. Johnson, and Attorney General George T. Simpson. The details of the case were carefully gone over, and plans for protecting Minnesota's interests in the case were fully discussed.

The claim of Beaulieu is an offshoot of the case brought in the court of claims at Washington, D. C. by the Minnesota state auditor, in which Minnesota sets up its demand for title to 147,000 acres of swamp land in the Leach lake and Winniboshich lake districts. This at present is federal land, and the auditor demands it for the state under the congressional swamp land grant enacted in 1860. Various phases of this claim have been in controversy for some years past.

Beaulieu goes back, however, to the treaty of Feb. 22, 1855, when the Indians ceded a great amount of Minnesota territory to the federal government. This treaty included what now comprises the counties of Clearwater, Beltrami, Mahnomen, Becker, Wadena, Todd, Otter Tail, Morrison, Koochiching, Itasca, Crow Wing, Aitkin, Mille Lacs and Hubbard.

Claim Filed (Beaulieu)
Source: Grand Forks Daily Herald (ND) Thursday, February 25, 1909; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

Gus H. Beaulieu has filed a claim before the United States supreme court which, if upheld, will revert fifteen counties of northern Minnesota to the Indian. This claim is an off-shoot of the swamp land case. In this claim, Beaulieu goes back to the treaty of 1855 in which the Indians ceded this land but the government, he claims, has not fulfilled the conditions of the treaty and therefore the title must revert back to the Indian tribe. The counties included in this treaty are Clearwater, Beltrami, Mahnomen, Becker, Wadena, Todd, Ottertail, Morrison, Koochiching, Itasca, Crow Wing, Aitkin, Mille Lacs and Hubbard.

- - 1907 - - Court Held In A Church (Church)
Source: Evening Times (Grand Forks, ND) Friday, October 18, 1907; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

First Term of Court Ever Held in Mahnomen County - Murder Trial of Wah-we-yea-cumig.
The first term of the district court ever held in Mahnomen county convened at Mahnomen with Judge Andrew Grindeland of Warren presiding. Court is being held in the Congregational church.

The principal case for trial is state against Wah-we-yea-cumig, accused of murder in the second degree. On August 17 last the defendant, while drunk, killed one Paym-way-gwon-abe with a spade.

What is believed to be the opening round of the greatest Indian murder trial of recent years came this forenoon, when a writ of quo warranto was served upon the county commissioners, returnable before the supreme court of this state on Dec. 3, to show cause why the organization of Mahnomen county should not be declared illegal. It is contended that the petition submitted to a vote the proposition to divide Norman county at the last election did not contain a sufficient number of signatures of persons who were residents of the district now comprising Mahnomen county and also that there were less than 2,000 inhabitants at the time Governor Johnson declared Mahnomen county as entity.

County Attorney Campbell will be assisted by Assistant Attorney General Simpson. H. B. Henderson of Washington and M. A. Daly of Perham are expected to defend Wah-we-yea-cumig.

Bernard M. Dahl (Dahl)
Source: Grand Forks Daily Herald (ND) Wednesday, December 12, 1906; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

Five New Cases Taken Up in the Bankruptcy Court For Settlement
Final Meetings of Creditors.

Referee in Bankruptcy Value of Crookston has several new bankruptcy cases on his calendar for the next few days. On the 13th the first meeting of the creditors in the case of Martin Hoganson of Mentor, who places his liabilities at $153.50, assets all exempt. On the 15th the first meeting of the creditors of Boyd F. Monroe will be held. Monroe's liabilities are $7,919.81 and is assets are $4,785, with $335 of this exempt. On the 20th the first meeting of the creditors of Ole P. Dahl of Gary will be held. Dahl places his liabilities at $1,842, no assets. Two first meetings will be held on the 21st. One of these is Conrad J. Kaiser of Thief River Falls, who places his liabilities at $1,370.37, assets all exempt. The other is Bernard M. Dahl, of Mahnomen, whose liabilities are $1,610.57 and no assets. There was a final meeting yesterday of the creditors in the cases of Paul P. Okstad of Fosston, Warren E. Wood of Anton, Andrew Abercrombie of Bemidji, John P. Hoyum of Crookston and John Swanson of Lengby.

Source: Duluth News-Tribune (MN) Wednesday, September 15, 1909; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

FERTILE, Minn., Sept. 14.-Under the provisions of the governmental treaties with the Indians, the sale of intoxicating liquors to them was and is absolutely forbidden or prohibited. Supt. Howard of the White Earth reservation near this place has had instructions from the interior department to have saloon near reservations closed. Pursuant to these instructions he has served notice on the saloon keepers of Ogema, Waubun, Mahnomen and Calaway to discontinue such sales of liquors after Sept. 25. If the strict interpretation of these treaties was faithfully carried out by our national government it would close the saloons in a large portion of the state and also in Central Minnesota.

Source: Sun (Baltimore, MD) Friday, October 8, 1909; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

Federal Saloon Wreckers Arrested By Armed Posse.
Mahnomen, Minn. Oct. - Armed citizens of this city brought to a sudden end yesterday the efforts of William E. Johnson, inspector of the Department of the Interior, and five assistants to close the saloons in the White Earth Indian Reservation, in accordance with the Government prohibition order, issued 30 days ago.

The Government officials went to a saloon and began to break the liquor bottles when the armed posse arrived and put them under arrest.

The Federal officials succeeded in closing the saloons in several of the other smaller towns.

- - 1909 - - U. S. OFFICERS ARE SEEKING RELEASE. (Liquor)
Source: Duluth News-Tribune (MN) Thursday, October 14, 1909; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

Arrested While Raiding Saloon, Now Look to Habeas Corpus for Freedom.
Before Page Morris of the federal court, in Duluth today, application will be made for the release of the 10 United States officers who were arrested at Mahnomen, Mahnomen county, Minn., while raiding saloons. The raid was made on the ground that the saloons were violating federal law, by selling liquor to reservation Indians.

Sheriff - - - iels of Mahnomen county started for Duluth last night from Crookston, with the 10 officers in charge. Charles C. Houpt, United States district attorney and E. S. Oakley, assistant, came to Duluth last night from St. Paul, to take charge of the case of the United States officers. They will apply for a writ of habeas corpus to secure their release.

The special officers have been confined in the Polk county jail at Crookston. They are William E. Johnson, the chief officers of the party, and Harry Schoenrock, Joseph Winters, Elwin Sutton, Berton Sutton, Arthur E. Rydell, Sigbert Kvam, Gus Moberg, Rufus B. Herr and Robert Belland.

Mr. Houpt said yesterday that the proceedings will test a question of vital importance - that of whether a federal officer can be arrested under the authority of the state for an act performed in the discharge of his duty as a federal officer.

It is expected that the officers who made the arrest will be represented in federal court today by the county attorneys of Polk and Mahnomen counties.

Source: Duluth News-Tribune (MN) Tuesday, August 1908; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
CROOKSTON, Minn., Aug. 17.-Star Bad Boy, an Indian, appointed deputy game warden by Warden William Munch of Crookston, brought three poachers into Mahnomen, saw them fined $5 apiece for killing one prairie chicken, and this morning brought five more violators of the game laws into Mahnomen and they will be tried tomorrow.

- - 1908 - - FIVE BREAK GAME LAW. (Star Bad Boy)
Source: Grand Forks Daily Herald (ND) Friday August 21, 1908; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
Deputy Warden Munch telephoned from Mahnomen yesterday afternoon that the five prisoners who had been placed under arrest for violations of the game laws were arraigned in court his afternoon and three of them were fined $15 each, while the other two were bound over to the grand jury for shooting out of season. The arrests were made by Mr. Munch's deputy, Star Bad Boy, an Indian. There is no doubt but that the arrests and convictions will have a good effect.

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