Mahnomen County, Minnesota

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Henry Birkett
[Source: Mower County Transcript (Lansing, MN) November 30, 1904; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman]
Henry Birkett returns today to his new location at Mahnomen, Minn., on the new Soo extension and in Norman county of which Ada is the county seat. He is president of the bank of Mahnomen and also has the townsite agency. The town is located on the White Earth Indian reservation.

Emma Bystrom

Source: Warren Sheaf (Warren, MN) May 29, 1918; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
Miss Emma Bystrom who is teaching at Bejou, Minn., arrived Saturday morning to spend the holidays with relatives.

Source: Warren Sheaf (Warren, MN) December 26, 1917; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
Miss Emma Bystrom, who has been teaching during the past year at Bejou, Minn., returned Thursday of last week to spend the summer here.

John W. Carl
Source: Lawrence Daily Journal (KS) February 8, 1907; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
Mr. John W. Carl, a graduate of Haskel, is the first auditor of the new county of Mahnomen, Minnesota. The Chippeway Herald says it is a responsible position, but it feels that Mr. Carl will fill it with honor. - Indian Leader.

John Carl is well known in Lawrence. He was a ball player for a long time on the team and then was around town for some time. He had the stuff in him and his success shows that the Indian can do things in this country if he is constructed right. John Carl is a specimen of the best of his race and the color line is not raised on him.

Marane Fitsch
Source: Grand Forks Daily Herald (ND) Friday, September 21, 1906; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

Becker County Stirred Up by Arrest of Woman at Detroit, Minn.

Considerable commotion was caused in Becker county when it was learned that Sheriff Ole Larson had arrested a young woman near the Soo depot, Detroit, who was attired in male clothing on Saturday evening. It developed that the girl had been at Ponsford, which she had suddenly left in the company of an Indian mixed-blood, George Martin. Martin has a large family and the girl told the sheriff a very painful and pitiful story of hardship and ill treatment. Martin took the young girl to Mahnomen from Ponsford and then took her west on the reservation. He compelled Marane Fitsch to have her hair cut and passed her as a boy among the Indians and the white people. This succeeded and, as she was large for her age, she was forced to work as a man.

They left the reservation and came to Mahnomen and together they worked as two carpenters. The girl had by this time become disgusted and tired of the life, and she made good her escape from Martin.

Fred and James Glass
Source: The Pioneer (Bemidji, MN) February 15, 1907 by Mary Kay Krogman
Fred and James Glass, residents of Mahnomen, on the White earth Indian reservation, came in yesterday from Red Lake, where they had been attending the payment to the Indians. They left last night, on the west-bound passenger train, for their homes.

Clifford Hanson
Source: Willmar Tribune (Willmar, MN) July 9, 1919; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

Clifford Hanson left last Monday for Bejou where he has accepted a position as assistant cashier of the Farmers State Bank at that place. Before entering the service he was employed in a bank in Montana. Hanson has been visiting at his home here since he was mustered out of the marines.

Hole-In-The-Day and Ignatius Hole-In-The-Day
Source: The Eugene City Guard (OR) Aug. 27, 1892; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

He Cut a Wide Swath Around St. Paul in Early Days.
The reminiscent strain is quite a general and generous one with Maj. T. M. Newson. Among the interesting and historical stories in his fund of such is one of the noted Chippewa chief, Hole-in-the-Day, with whom he in company with other early settlers of St. Paul, was personally well acquainted. The story, in his own language, is as follows:

While sitting in a small office in the old Fort Snelling house, St. Paul, Minn., in the year 1853, my attention was arrested by the imposing presence of a large Indian chief, who, with his blanket about him, strode into the room with the dignity of a Roman senator. He was a large man with high cheek bones, a well poised head, brilliant black eyes and hair, and with a pleasant smile he exclaimed while passing: "Booshu nechee" - how to do, friend? - and took a seat near me. There was a massive characteristic about the man which did not belong to the ordinary Indian, and yet he had all the Indian peculiarities.

Dinner was soon announced, and he took a seat near me at the table. He ate with ordinary deliberation and stowed away an ordinary amount of food, but while so engaged one of the windows was suddenly darkened, and on looking up I beheld many grimy faces and burning eyes, with war paint and feathers, the possessors of which belonged to the Sioux nation, and which nation had been for years and was then at war with the Chippewas. Gleaming knives and partially covered tomahawks made my position by the side of the Chippewa chief rather uncomfortable, so I moved; but he continued to eat, and then the door opened and some ten or twelve Sioux warriors filed along in front of the foe of their people, with clinched rifles and hearts glowing with revenge. Still calm, with not a muscle of his mobile face denoting fear, the chief finished his dinner, coolly arose, drew his blanket about him, and with a lordly tread, a compressed lip and a flashing eye, walked down in front of these hostile Sioux, and lighting his pipe, deliberately puffed the smoke into the very faces of his inveterate foes. That man was Hole-in-the-Day, the chief of the Chippewa nation, and the Sioux warriors were on his warpath, but they feared the white man's troops at Fort Snelling would dart down upon them the moment a blow had been given, so they restrained their wrath and let the great chief depart unmolested.

Hole-in-the-Day was an Indian of remarkable sagacity and intelligence. He associated with the whites and comprehended their ideas of civilization. He was very wily and very brave, and greatly feared by his enemies. It is said of him that he would float down the Mississippi river in his canoe to St. Paul, paddle across the stream to the opposite shore, secrete his boat, lay in wait for the Sioux, who were in the habit of following the trail to Mendota, then pounce down upon them, kill one or two, secure their scalps and make his way back to the east shore and thence home. He visited Washington several times, and became very well versed in the ways of tricksters and politicians. Once, while on a visit to the capital, he fell in love with a white waiter girl in the National hotel, proposed to her, was accepted, and they were married. He came west, repaired his home near Fort Ripley, installed his wife in his tepee as the white Indian queen, and soon after he was assassinated while riding home with his little son, probably growing out of the insane jealousy of his squaws.

This white widow of Hole-in-the-Day lives at present, or did live, in Minneapolis, where her son held a position in the postoffice, but I believe he is now in some official position on the White Earth reservation. Ignatius Hole-in-the-Day, the eldest brother, and heir apparent to the chieftainship, was drowned in the Illinois river in Chicago about one year ago. Of course he was full blood. His brother, or rather his half-brother, the son of the white wife, is a fine, genteel, well educated young man, and quite attractive in his appearance. The head men of the tribe have been anxious to have him take the place of his father, but I an interview with me he said while he would like to do something for his people, he could not go from civilization back into the habits of the Indians, as he would be obliged to do to hold any power over them.

The chief, Hole-in-the-Day, had a magnificent physical organization. He was very straight, quite dignified, and yet very affable, and withal he was very generally liked by the whites. During the Sioux outbreak in Minnesota in 1862 he had overtures from Little Crow, the great Sioux chief, to join with him in massacring the whites, but he declined the honor, although some of his people were anxious to have him do so. St. Paul, in early times, without Hole-in-the-Day, would be like the play of "Hamlet" with Hamlet left out.

On the bank of the upper Mississippi, about Little Falls, in Minnesota, lies the body of the once great Chippewa chief and that of his father, Hole-in-the-Day, another noted chief before him, both bodies facing south, so they can watch the movements of their enemies - the Sioux. There is a depression between the two hills upon which the bodies lie, and in the middle of this depression stands a lone tree, conveying the idea from the roadside that a sentinel was guarding the graves. But how changed is everything now! Gone are the Indians and their chieftains, but in their places have come great cities, and back of these roar the great waves of civilization as they roll onward in their wild career to the Pacific ocean. - St. Paul Globe.

William Hole-In-The-Day
Source: Morning Oregonian (OR) Aug. 26, 1903; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
Portland, Aug. 25. - (To the Editor.) - Having noticed the inquiry in the Sunday Oregonian as to an "ambidextrous pitcher," I wish to state that I have seen a pitcher use this peculiar delivery to great advantage. The young man I refer to is a Minnesota Indian by the name of William Hole-In-The Day. He hails from the White Earth Indian Reservation of that state. The last I heard from him was several years ago, and he was then working his way into very fast company.

E. J. Lambert
Source: Duluth News-Tribune (Duluth, MN) Sunday, February 1, 1914; transcribed by mkk


Seeing his name in an advertisement, Mrs. Lambert of Bejou, Minn., wrote to Louis Oreck, a jeweler, 416 West Superior street, asking him to try and find E. J. Lambert, who was working in Duluth in December, and tell him that his sister is dying. The letter says that he worked as a railroad fireman, but on what road is not known. Owing to the lack of description and details, Oreck turned the letter over to the police and has requested them to search for the missing man.

Source: Duluth News-Tribune (Duluth, MN) Sunday, February 2, 1914; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
The police yesterday located at 715 Garfield avenue, E. J. Lambert, for whom search was instituted Saturday, when word was received that the man's sister was dying at Bejou, Minn. Lamberts relatives had not heard from him since December, and did not know his address. He has been employed by the Alger-Smith Lumber company. Lambert left for Bejou as soon as he was informed by Patrolman Clendenning of his sister's precarious condition.

George Leith
Source: Duluth News-Tribune (MN) Monday, October 19, 1908; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

Farmer of Mahnomen County Asks Police to Aid Him in His Search

George Leith, a farmer residing in the vicinity of Mahnomen, a village on the Superior extension of the Soo line, called at the police station yesterday and enlisted the services of the police in locating his wife who left him on Sept. 29, last. Leith said he traced the woman to Brainerd and he was led to believe that she had come to this city. An unreasonable jealousy of the family's hired girl, Leith said, was the only reason the woman had for leaving her home.

Five children, ranging from one to eight years old, are mourning the absence of their mother. The husband is heartbroken over his wife's continued absence, and since she left him he has spent considerable money in traveling with the hopes of locating her and inducing her to return home.

"If she would only give one thought to her children I know she would come back," said Leith while relating his story to one of the officers. The woman is 25 years, weighs 125 pounds and is five feet four inches in height. She has rosy cheeks and has a scar on her upper lip.

The police assured Leith that they would do their best to locate the woman and he left the stationhouse intent on making a search of the city himself.

Star Bad Boy and Fred Big Wind
Source: Grand Forks Daily Herald (ND) Saturday, February 6, 1909; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

Congressman Steenerson recently made a recommendation for the appointment of a postmaster at Twin Lakes, Mahnomen county, which caused a laugh to roll from the seventh to the lower floor of the post office department. Mr. Steenerson proposed that Star Bad Boy, who has been a good by ever since he has been a federal postmaster, be succeeded for political reasons by Fred Big Wind.

Grace Weston
Source: Duluth News-Tribune (MN) Thursday, August 15, 1907; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

Brita Soland is appointed postmaster at Spaulding, Beltrami county, Minnesota, vice F. Ihde, resigned, and Grace Weston, postmistress at Beaulieu, Mahnomen county, Minnesota, vice Viola Cook, resigned.

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