Civil War History
THE HISTORY OF Mower County Minnesota By Franklyn Curtiss-Wedge Chicago H. C. Cooper. Jr.. & Co. 1911
(submitted by Veneta McKinney
When President Lincoln issued his call for 75,000 of the militia of the several states to maintain the Union April 15, 1861, Mower county was but six years of age, as an organized county, and had a population of less than 3.500, all pioneers in a new state which became a part of the Union less than three years before the outbreak of the war. It was a cruel time to take the men from field, store, shop and home. They had little on which to depend save the labor of their hands, and their families needed them. But an attack had been made on Fort Sumter, the flag of the Union had been fired upon, and the hearts of these hardy patriotic men and women were fired.
At this time Alexander Ramsey, governor of Minnesota, chanced to be in Washington and immediately sought Secretary Cameron, and in writing tendered 1,000 soldiers from Minnesota in defense of the government, which offer was presented to the president and by him accepted. The governor telegraphed these facts to the adjutant general of the state, with orders to make a call for troops. The call, however, did not reach Mower county in time for any of her sons to be included in the first regiment, except Allen Mollison, who is believed to have been the first man to enlist from Mower county.
The people were busy breaking farms and building homes and villages, and the magnitude of the secession movement was not realized. While the Minnesota Courier, the only paper published in Mower county, was filled with war news in every issue, the vital need of men to defend the union did not strike home to Mower county men until the fall. The Courier of May 8, 1861, contained the information that about twenty-five of the young men of Austin and vicinity had enrolled their names in response to their country's call, but no names were given in the published article. In June of that year, H. B. Kimball, Fred McCormick and William Mills enlisted in the Mantorville company.
The first real war meeting in Mower county was held at "Headquarters," September 4, 1861. At about the same time Captain White, of Freeborn county, was in Austin, with the proposition that if Mower county could not raise a full company that the two counties unite. However, it was decided that Mower county could raise a full company, and the meeting for this purpose was accorded much enthusiasm. The meeting was called to order by Ormanzo Allen, and Milo Frary was elected chairman. On motion of L. A. Sherwood, B. F. Jones was named as secretary. Capt. R. P. Mooers made a speech, and on his motion a committee of ways and means was appointed as follows: W. B. Spencer, J. W. Fake, J. P. Jones, G. W. Bishop, Ormanzo Allen, S. W. Bostwick, J. Stewart, A. D. Brown, H. H. Heartley, George Conkey, E. S. Moodey and John Rowley. Ormanzo Allen, J. W. Fake and 6. W. Bishop were appointed a central county committee, and J. W. Fake was empowered to procure speakers to make a tour of the county. The following recruiting officers were appointed: R. P. Mooers, Lyle ; J. P. Jones, Nevada; W. B. Spencer, LeRoy ; G. W. Bishop, Austin ; Lewis Hardy, Frankford ; J. W. Stewart, Racine; A. D. Brown, Red Rock; A. J. Clark, Brownsdale; H. C. Rogers, Udolpho; H. Hartley, Lansing; W. Reed, Pleasant Valley; H. Irgins, Adams.
As a result of this meeting a military company was raised and a meeting of the volunteers held October 13, 1861. B. F. Jones was elected chairman, and R. P. Mooers, secretary. The company was authorized to elect a first lieutenant, and the first ballot resulted in eighteen votes for W. B. Spencer, ten for G. W. Bishop, and one for R. P. Moores. On the next ballot, Mr. Spencer was elected over G. W. Bishop by a vote of 22 to 8.
On the morning of Tuesday, October 15, 1861, the military company that was afterwards known as the Mower County Guards, Co. K, Fourth Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, left Austin, thirty-two strong, with the intention of joining the Third Regiment at Fort Snelling. Before departing the boys were addressed by Rev. Stephen Cook. The personnel of the company was as follows: First lieutenant, W. B. Spencer ; privates, R. P. Mooers, P. E. Jenks, George Carrier, William Gifford. Henry Loomis, William Pace, Robert P. Tifft, Marion Lyle, A. C. Smith, James Morrison, A. J. Clark, Augustus Rose, Thomas Edelman, Samuel Parks, James Gray, Samuel Shutz, I. N. Morrill, George Mail, V. W. Houghton, T. J. Bishop, W^ H. Bullock, Brayden Lincoln, John Frank, Samuel Surface, Horace Barber, S. C. Matthews, H. B. Bourgard, E. E. Earl, Eugene Parmeter, Nathan M. Thomas and Soloman Tallaman. Of the above I. N. Morrill and Hon. John Frank, at least, are still living.
During the week of October 23, 1861, several of the men came home on parole, five or six of them being under age, and seeking the written permission of their parents or guardians. At about this time the company was increased by the enlistment of Charles Hunt, George Baird, Caleb Powers, William Whitford, Charles Smith, Samuel Clayton and A. C. Houghton. The name Mower County Guards was given by General Sanborn.
September 10, 1862, the Mower County Rangers had been organized, transferred to the Seventh Regiment and sent against the Indians. The original officers were: Captain. H. C. Rogers; first lieutenant, E. W. Ford; second lieutenant, L. A. Sherwood; orderly sergeant, M. Whitford.
On October 15, 1862, a letter was received in Austin from Captain Mooers of Co. K, Fourth Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, announcing the battle of Iuka, September 20, and the wounding of George S. Hutchinson, Aaron B. Morse, Isaac Dezotell, John E. McCun, Saul M. Milhollin and Martin Kiefer. On October 3, 1862, before this letter reached Austin, Captain Mooers was killed at the Battle of Corinth. He was born in New York, came west in 1855, and gave up his profession as an engineer for farming in Lyle township. He was commissioned captain of the Mower County Guards and killed in action.
January 6, 1863, the county commissioners divided Mower county into eight military districts as follows :
1 - Adams and Nevada.
2 - Lyle, Windom and Austin.
3 - Lansing.
4 - Red Rock and Udolpho.
5 - Pleasant Valley and Grand Meadow.
6 - Racine.
7 - Frankford and Bennington.
8 - LeRoy.
May 12, 1863, the military election under the military act took place at Brownsdale, and resulted as follows: Colonel, B. F. Langworthy, Grand Meadow; lieutenant colonel, P. G. Lamoreaux, of Lansing; major, Ormanzo Allen of Austin.
The newspapers of the period give us a true picture of conditions during the Civil war, and for that reason the following clippings relating to war affairs are here reproduced :
Minnesota Courier. - September 4, 1861. Contrabands in Town. On Friday last we learn that two negroes - fugitives from Missouri - passed through town on their way to Canada. They were mounted on horses, which they took from their masters to assist them on their journey. Those who saw them say they were fine looking fellows, and worth, perhaps, in Missouri from eight to twelve hundred dollars each.
November 27, 1861. Flag for Mower County Guards. The material was purchased in St. Paul by Mrs. B. F. Lindsey and Mrs. J. L. Clark, is all silk, and is said by the lady who made it up, and who has furnished several other companies, to be the finest one and manufactured of the best materials. The Guards promised to send it down by some of the company during the winter provided they remained at the fort and were not ordered south. On receiving the flag Mr. Martin, on behalf of the company, Captain Mooers being absent, received the flag and returned the thanks of the company in a brief and appropriate speech, which was responded to by the company with three rousing cheers for the ladies of Austin, and the burning of the usual amount of powder. "We think it no more than right that the ladies, who have given their time and energy in raising the money, by soliciting subscriptions to furnish the company with a flag, should at least receive a passing notice from us, and the thanks of our lady friends generally. We are of the opinion that if Mrs. Clark and Mrs. Lindsey had not taken the matter in hand, our company would today have been without a flag. They have done their part well, and from what we know of the ladies of Austin they will not soon be forgotten. The cost of the flag was $16.98.
August 6, 1862. Volunteering and Being Drafted. A volunteer receives the full bounty - $25 advance bounty, one month's pay ($1.3) in advance, and $75 at the end of his time of service, together with the usual 160 acres of bounty land. Besides all this his family receives pecuniary assistance during his absence The drafted militia receive but $11 per month, and no money bounty. They can be held to service out of the state three months by order of the governor. Let no one, however, deceive himself with the idea that drafted soldiers will serve only three mouths, for after the militia are drafted, Congress can easily hold them to serve during the war.
August 13, 1862. "Private Bounty. Grand Meadow, August 7, 1862. I will give to every volunteer that may join any company now forming in this county from Pleasant Valley, Grand Meadow, Racine, Frankford and LeRoy, a bounty of $2 for single men, and to every married man five bushels of wheat for the use of his family, extra. Volunteering to be from this date to August 31. Respectfully, B. F. Langworthy."
August 20, 1862. The citizens of Adams township have raised by private subscription, $142, to be paid in cash on or before two months, provided, however, this bounty will prevent drafting in Adams township.
Capt. E. W. Ford left this place on Saturday last for Fort Snelling with upwards of seventy men, all from this county, to be mustered into the United States service under the call for 600,000 men. Mower county will furnish her quota without resorting to a draft. On Sunday last four more started for the fort to join Mr. Ford's company, and we hear of several others who are ready to go, provided they can get into the company from this county.
The war meetings which have just been held at Austin, Frankford and Brownsdale were well attended, and the result is that Mower county has almost raised her quota. The three towns above named we believe are now exempt from the draft. The town of Lansing is awake and will this week, in all probability, raise the quota of that town. It is time for the other towns to be looking out if they expect to escape the draft.
September 3, 1862. The draft is postponed until October 3 - - - When we get the 600,000 men into the field who are now organizing for the war, thus swelling our grand army to over a million, we can sweep the rebels from the face of the earth in a month or two. We can then form a solid column of bayonets and cannon, reaching almost from the Atlantic to the Mississippi, and by one determined "forward march," drive all the traitors and rebels down into the gulf, like a drove of frightened swine. It will be a privilege to belong to that great army of the Union - a glorious thing to think of and talk about after the war, and for your children to be proud over through coming generations. "I was a soldier in the army of the Union that saved the Republic," will be as proud a title to the respect of your countrymen and of the world, as now is the claim of those few remaining veterans who can say, "I was a soldier in the army of the Revolutionary war and fought under Washington."
Mower County Register. March 2, 1865. The draft hangs by a hair! At any moment it may descend upon us. How shall we avoid it? By going into the army in person or by proxy; by going ourselves or sending substitutes. Where volunteering goes on briskly, the draft will not reach; where volunteering ceases, the conscription will be ordered to commence. Rouse, then, and let us make every exertion, and exert every energy for the recruiting of our army. By sundry alterations at the Provost Marshal's office, the town of Austin has to furnish under the last call for 300,000 thirteen men. "We learn further that movements are now progressing for the purpose of raising a town bounty as an inducement to volunteer.
July 21, 1864. News from the boys of Company C, Ninth regiment : Through the kindness of Mrs. Stephen Chandler we have been shown a letter from her husband, which enables us to secure knowledge of the whereabouts of our liberty-defending patriots. Mr. Chandler is a prisoner in Meridan, Mississippi. Those of Company C yet prisoners are : Capt. E. W. W. Ford, A. Avery, J. Clark, William Breckon, Ludoviso Bourgard, A. Wheeler, Duane Philes, C. Steward, J. Woodbury, S. H. Ames, AV. Lyons, Conrad W. McCaskill, I. Bisgrove, E. Rice, W. Rice, C. D. Rhodes, T. H. B. Vandegrift, John Barnett and Stephen N. Chandler.
January 28, 1864. Promotions. The following worthy promotions have been made in the Fourth regiment : First Lieutenant S. T. Isaac to be captain ; First Lieutenant D. L. Wellman to be captain ; First Lieutenant C. C. Hunt to be captain ; Second Lieutenants Orlando Graham and S. W. Russell to be first lieutenants ; Orderly Sergeant C. W. Douglass to be second lieutenant.
In the same issue the announcement is made that Co. K, of the Fourth Minnesota regiment, has re-enlisted for "three years or during the war" - every man except two. The following is a list of members who re-enlisted :
Captain - Charles C. Hunt.
First Lieutenant - C. W. Douglass.
Sergeants - Geo. Baird, Marion R. Lyle, V. W. Houghton, Samuel M. Clayton. Corporals - R. S. Perkins, Stephen Maxon, John Mullen, S. E. Morse, A. M. Kenniston. Privates - W. H. H. Bullock, Henry B. Burgor, F. H. Belot, N. Barnes, A. Chapel, Jacob H. Epler, N. Frost, McConnell Fitch, John Frank, A. C. Hursh, A. O. Hollister, P. E. Jenks, M. Kiefer, W. S. Kimball, S. Mathews, C. Powers, E. A. Parker, John Rochford, S. Gifft, Geo. Thernott, Solomon Tallman, E. A. Whitcomb, O. H. Wiley. Up to this time, January, 1864, Mower county has furnished 275 men for the service. Geo. Baird became first lieutenant of the company, and for a considerable time had command of the company.
Mower county has a precious relic in the shape of a battle-stained flag, carried through the Civil war by the valiant Co. K, of the Fourth Minnesota Volunteer Infantry. Many Mower county people contributed for its purchase, and the silk was obtained in St. Paul by Mrs. B. F. Lindsey and Mrs. J. L. Clark, who went to St. Paul by stage to buy a flag, but finding none purchased silk ribbon and made one. It was presented to the company at Fort Snelling, before the regiment was ordered south. Following are the names of the men and women who contributed to the purchase of the flag: F. D. Lewis, Fernald Morgan, William Simpson, L. A. Sherwood, Ian Osdel, H. Sutherland, J. L. Smith, L. Stone, M. Graves, E. Chapin ; the Mesdames G. W. Bishop, R. L. Kimball,. S. W. Paul, E. Parliman, J. S. Lacy, J. Bodine. J. Stage, H. Allen, O. Allen, S. Smith, L. Hunt, G. W. Mitchell, J. L. Davidson, H. I. Holt, W. W. Cook, J. H. McIntire, W. Brown, H. Jacobs, W. L. Kimball, Q. E. Truesdell, George Baird, J. B. Niles, Wm. Hunt, E. W. Ford, L. Piper, A. Galloway, D. B. Johnson, R. O. Hunt, B. F. Jones, O. Allen, E. D. Fenton, G. M. Cameron, O. Somers, T. J. Lake, L. N. Griffith, A. S. Everest, J. C. Ackerly, J. W. Fake, C. J. Shortt, J. B. Yates, G. H. Bemis, B. F. Lindsay, J. L. Clark, and the Misses Hattie Adams, Philenda Deming, A. J. Wheat, A. B. Albro, Lizzie Johnson, A. Loomis.
The flag was carried through the following engagements: 1862 - Siege of Corinth, Mississippi, May ; Battle of Iuka, Mississippi, September 19; Battle of Corinth, Mississippi, October 3 and 4. 1863 - Port Gibson, Mississippi, May 1 ; Forty Hills, Mississippi. May 3; Raymond, Mississippi, May 12; Jackson, Mississippi. May 14 ; Champion Hills, Mississippi ; Vicksburg, May and June ; Mission Ridge, Tennessee, November 24 and 25. 1864 - Altoona, Georgia, October 5 ; Savannah, December. 1865 - Columbia, South Carolina, February 17 ; Bentonville, North Carolina, March 20 and 21 ; Raleigh, North Carolina, April 14. Upon the company being mustered out of the service, this flag was placed in the keeping of Lieut. Geo. Baird by a vote of the company as a token of the regard of the members of the company for him, for many of whom he had been a personal friend, adviser and comforter, also because of his conspicuous gallantry and bravery in the field.
FALL OF VICKSBURG.
When the news of the fall of Vicksburg was received at Austin, a grand jubilee meeting was held at Headquarters hall, on the evening of July 10, 1863. J. H. C. Wilson was called to the chair, and T. J. Lake appointed secretary. Speeches were made by Revs. Parker, Tice, Clark and Lake, also by Colonel Lewis, of the Twenty-eighth Wisconsin, who had just returned from the "seat of war," and Judge Ormanzo Allen. Colonel Lewis' speech was most interesting. Fresh from the army and having endured all the hardships of the war, he could talk as soldiers only can talk on such occasions, and his remarks produced the wildest enthusiasm. He closed by saying "Copper-headism is worse than secession among the soldiers. When his comrades found he was coming north, each said, "Kill a copperhead for us!" Amid much enthusiasm the following resolution was adopted: "Resolved, That the soldiers of the Minnesota Fourth, always in the advance, and always victorious, have achieved for themselves honor and glory worth more than all the achievements that can be possibly made by the greatest and most distinguished civilian in the land, in the capture of Vicksburg - the Sebastopol of Rebeldom."
ROLL OF HONOR.
In this connection has been compiled from the adjutant-general's report, the names of the soldiers, who enlisted from Mower county. If any are omitted, it is not intentional, for great care has been exercised in collecting this matter, and none have greater veneration for the brave soldier than the compilers of this volume. As the only possible way to ascertain the whereabouts of each soldier, is to depend upon the official reports as published under authority of the state, any mistakes in spelling names or the omission of them entirely, should be charged to such official reports.
Mower county was represented in the Union army as follows :
Allan Mollison, so far as known the only member of this regiment from Mower county, enlisted in Company G. When the call came for volunteers, Allan Mollison was a blacksmith in Austin, and the sole support of a widowed mother. He walked alone to Owatonna and there joined others. Then all walked to Faribault, to enlist in a company raised by Captain McCune. They marched thence to Fort Snelling and Mollison was mustered into service as a private in Company G, First Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, on his twenty-fifth birthday, April 29, 1861. He was afterward promoted to corporal.
The First Regiment was hurried on to Washington, and took part in the first Battle of Bull Run. It was here that Mr. Mollison first showed that daring which made him the idol of his company. In the retreat of the regiment. Captain McCune was shot down. The regiment reformed later and the battle was resumed. Between the firing lines lay the wounded captain. Volunteers were called to go out amid the hail of bullets and bring back the captain. At once, Allan Mollison, the sturdy blacksmith, responded. He ran out across the shot-torn field, raised the wounded captain, and brought him safely to his company. The wound received by Captain McCune was a fatal one, however. Mr. Mollison saw as much real war as any man in the army. The battles of the First Minnesota are a part of the history of the nation, and in them all he took his share. He was at Balls Bluff, where General Baker was killed, went through the peninsular campaign with McClellan, and fought at South Mountain, Antietam, the Wilderness and Gettysburg. After Gettysburg he was transferred to the First United States Cavalry, was in General Grant's campaign as far as Cold Harbor, and accompanied General Sheridan in his raid through the Shenandoah valley. He was wounded live times and was a prisoner at the rebel prison of Belle Island for three weeks. He served three years and four months. He was born in Airdrie, Scotland, April 29, 1836, and died at Austin, Minnesota, July 6, 1906. His brother Thomas was killed in the Union service and his brother Edwin served and was killed as a colonel in the Rebel cavalry.
This regiment was organized in July, 1861, and originally commanded by Horatio Van Cleve. Ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, in October, 1861, and assigned to the Army of the Ohio. It was engaged in the following marches, battles, skirmishes and sieges, viz.: Mill Spring, January 19, 1862; siege of Corinth, in April, 1862, then transferred to the Army of the Tennessee; Bragg's Raid, Perryville. October 8, 1862; skirmishes of the Tullahoma campaign, Chickamauga, September 19 and 20, 1863; Mission Ridge, November 28, 1863. Veteranized in January, 1864, and participated in the battles and skirmishes of the Atlanta campaign, viz. : Resaca, June 14, lo and 16, 1864; Kenesaw Mountain, June 27, 1864; Jonesboro ; Sherman's March through Georgia and the Carolinas, and Bentonville, March 19, 1865. The men were mustered out at Louisville, Ky., and discharged at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, July 11, 1865. This regiment covered itself with laurels at the Battle of Mission Ridge, where they were badly cut up in a charge They made on the enemy's works. Few Minnesota regiments, if any, performed mile long and laborious marches than the "Bloody Second."
Company A - Sergeant H. G. Case.
Company B - Originally commanded by Captain William Markham; mustered into the service of the United States, for three years, on June 26, 1861, by Capt. A. D. Nelson, mustering officer. Privates - Daniel Ames, Henry Peck.
Company C - Originally commanded by Capt. Peter Mantor, mustered into the United States' service June 26, 1861, by Capt. A. D. Nelson, mustering officer. First lieutenant - William T. Mills. Privates - Headly B. Kimball, George H. Ames, Robert A. Dermin, William J. Johnson, Frederick McCormick, Edwin R. Morrill, Asaph Mayo, Edwin Frazier, Nelson C. Frazier, Philander Scheffield.
Company H - Francis Neller.
This regiment was organized in October, 1861, and originally commanded by Col. Henry C. Lester, of Winona. Ordered to Nashville, Tennessee, in March, 1862. Captured and paroled at Murfreesboro in July, 1862. Ordered to St. Louis, Missouri, thence to Minnesota. Engaged in the Indian expedition in 1862. Participated in the battle of Wood Lake in September, 1862. Ordered to Little Rock, Arkansas, in November, 1863. Veteranized in January, 1864. Engaged in battle of Fitzhugh's Woods, March 30, 1864. Ordered to Pine Bluff, Arkansas, in April, 1864 ; thence to Duvall's Bluff September 2, 1865. Mustered out at Duvall's Bluff September 2, 1865. Discharged at Fort Snelling, Minnesota.
On account of the ill-advised surrender of the regiment at Murfreesboro, a number of the officers were dismissed from the service, which partially demoralized portions of it, and they were sent north to guard the frontier. Their lack of experience in the arts of war had more to do with the surrender than lack of courage, as the regiment subsequently proved by their behavior on the field of battle.
Company C - Originally commanded by Capt. John R. Bennett, was mustered in service October 25, 1861, A. D. Nelson, mustering officer. First lieutenant - Lewis Hardy. Sergeant - William F. Grummons. Corporal - George McKay.
Company F - J. H. DeReamer.
Company I - Private - Andrew J. Clark.
Company K - Private - Oscar Haws.
FOURTH REGIMENT INFANTRY.
This regiment was originally commanded by Col. J. B. Sanborn, of St. Paul, organized December 23, 1861 ; ordered to Benton Barracks, Missouri, April 19, 1862; assigned to army of the :Mississippi, May 4, 1862. participated in the following marches, battles, sieges and skirmishes : Siege of Corinth, April 1862; Iuka, September 19, 1862; Corinth, October 3 and 4, 1862; siege of Vicksburg, Forty Hills, Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hills, assault on Vicksburg, capture of Vicksburg, July 4, 1863. Transferred from Seventeenth to Fifteenth corps; Mission Ridge, November 25, 1863; veteranized, January, 1864; Altoona, October, 1864 ; Sherman 's march through Georgia and the Carolinas ; Bentonville, March 20, 1865, and Raleigh, April 14, 1865; mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, July 19, 1865 ; discharged at Fort Snelling, Minnesota.
Company A - Originally commanded by Capt. Luther B. Baxter, was mustered into service October 4, 1861, by A. D. Nelson, mustering officer. Captains - Charles W. Douglass, Charles C. Hunt (Company G). First lieutenants - Ira N. Morrill, George Baird. Second lieutenants - A. E. Wood, W. B. Spencer.
Company E - Originally commanded by Capt. Ebenezer LeGro, was mustered into service November 27, 1861. Corporal Elijah F. Armstrong. Privates - Austin Rosenburgh, Harrison H. Hartley.
Company F - Originally commanded by Capt. Asa W. White, was mustered into service October 11, 1861. Privates - Nathan M. Thomas, John McCaskel.
Company I - Private - Ashley Cameron.
Company K - Originally commanded by Capt. Robert P. Mooers, was mustered into the United States service for three years, December 23, 1861, by Capt. A. D. Nelson, mustering officer.
Captain - Robert P. Mooers.
Second lieutenant - W. B. Spencer.
First Sergeants - Ira N. Morrill, Charles C. Hunt, George Carrier, Marion Lyle, George W. Bishop.
Corporals - John E. Hussey, Samuel B. Rolfe, George Mail, Alonzo C. Houghton, Samuel Surface, John Frank, Vincent B. Lincoln.
Musicians - William B. Whitford, James Davis.
Wagoner - Ambrose C. Smith.
Privates - Thomas I. Bishop, W. H. H. Bullock, George Baird, William H. Bogart, Asa B. Carlton, Nathaniel Trost, James Guy, Thomas Greene, George S. Hutchinson, Horace Barber, Henry Bugor, Israel Baker, Samuel M. Clayton, Ethan R. Earl, Harvey B. Earl, William H. Gifford, Virgil W. Hughton, Plympton E. Jenks, Wilbur S. Kimball, Asa C. Lawrence, James Morrison, Stephen Maxon, Samuel E. Morse, William M. Pace, Caleb Powers, Robert S. Perkins, Samuel Shutz, Robert T. Tifft, Sylvanus Woodworth, Miles M. Trowbridge, E. A. Whitcomb, Stephen Tifft, Henry Loomis, Samuel Loomis, Samuel J. Mathews, John Mullin, Joseph F. Owen, Samuel Parks, Eugene E. Parmenter, Joseph H. Reed, Charles Shuler, Solomon Tollman, Peter G. Mills, W. C. Sommers, Ole S. Oleson, Edwin A. Parker, Sherwin Clow, Jacob H. Epler, Abram O. Hollister.
BRACKETT'S BATTALION CAVALRY
2ND MINNESOTA CALVARY
FIRST HEAVY ARTILLERY.
This regiment was organized in April, 1865, and originally commanded by Col. William Colville, of Red Wing; ordered to Chattanooga, Tenn., and stationed at that point until mustered out of regiment in September,- 1865.
Battery B - Privates - Johannas Boryeson, Jacob Jacobson, Charles E. Hancock, George W. Stevens.
First Company - Private - Robert Crippen.
FIRST REGIMENT MOUNTED RANGERS.
Organized in March, 1863, and originally commanded by Col. Samuel McPhail, of Caledonia, Houston county. Stationed among frontier posts until May, 1863, when they were ordered upon the Indian expedition. Engaged with the Indians July 24, 26, 28, 30 and 31. 1863. Stationed at frontier posts upon the return of the expedition until mustered out. Mustered out by companies, between October 1, 1863. and December 30, 1863.
On July 28, 1863, while the main army were battling with over 4,000 Indians, two miles west from the camp, thirty-two members of Company M, commanded by Lieuts. D. B. Johnson, Jr., and John Hanley, were detailed to guard teams one and one-half miles west from the camp, they suddenly discovered a band of Indians swooping down upon them. The little band resolved to sell their lives dearly. Between them and the Indians there were two knolls a few rods apart. In the second ravine the little band gathered, but had hardly formed in line, partly covered by one of the small hills or knolls, when the Indians came in sight over the other hill. The Indians, not seeing the thirty-two men, fired at the teamsters and their teams. Company M immediately opened fire and continued firing until Black Bear, the Indian chief who was leading the Indians, received two bullets in his body, whereupon he wheeled his horse around and started on a wild retreat. The little band was then ordered to charge. Black Bear received two more bullets in his head and fell from his horse, to which his body was attached by a lasso. His horse and all his accoutrements of war were captured. When the chief wheeled his horse for a retreat all his warriors followed his example. The engagement lasted but a few minutes, and was so hotly contested that the Indians could not carry away their dead, which they always do if possible. They left the body of the dead chief and three others on the field. The fortunate circumstance of killing the Indian chief saved this heroic little band from utter annihilation. Not one of them was killed and some are alive to-day to tell the tale. The locality of this battle is known as Dead Buffalo Lake.
Company H - Originally commanded by Capt. George S. Ruble. Sergeant - Ewing Lyle. Quartermaster Sergeant - Richard Williams. Corporal - Wilson Beach. Private - Samuel Loomis.
Company M - Originally commanded by Capt. James Starkey. First Lieutenant - Daniel B. Johnson, Jr. First Sergeant - W. B. Spencer. Corporal - Alonzo W. Cowles. Teamster - Simeon Gifford. Privates - James Bodine, Richard Huntly, Caleb Lewis, Lucius Woodworth, W. M. Wright, Orville Slocum, John H. Woodworth, Patrick Frost, Joseph Kellen, Warren Macke. George Wood, J. F. Smith.
THIRD BATTERY ARTILLERY.
Private - James Feely.
The following comprises a list of those gallant soldiers who left their homes and took up their muskets for the defense of their country, never to return, who laid down their lives for the Union :
Edwin Frazier died at Chattanooga, Tenn., November 14, 1864;
John D. Ripley died at Nashville, Tenn., November 20, 1862;
Capt. Robert P. Mooers, killed in action at Corinth, October 3, 1862;
James A. McCabe was killed at the battle of Lake Shicott, June, 1864;
Samuel B. Rolfe died July 15, 1862, near Farmington, Miss. ;
Ambrose C. Smith died at Quincy, Ill., November 24, 1862 ;
Israel Baker died May 22, 1863, at Vicksburg, Miss. ;
William H. Bogart died at St. Louis, August, 1863 ;
George S. Hutchinson died at Iuka, Miss., of wounds, September 27, 1862 ;
Henry Loomis died June 9, 1863, at Memphis, Tenn. ;
James Morrison died near Farmington, Miss., July 23, 1862 ;
Samuel Parks died October 29, 1862, at St. Louis, Mo. ;
Eugene E. Parmenter died February 3, 1864, at St. Louis, Mo.;
Robert T. Tifft died of a gunshot wound. May 22, 1864 ;
Calvin H. Patchen died September 5, 1862, at Iuka. Miss.;
Hardy Lewis. was killed at Tupelo, Miss., July 15, 1864;
Benjamin Bartholomew died at Fort Ridgley, Minn., March 22, 1863;
Truman Butler died July 15, 1863, by premature discharge of a cannon, at Fort Ridgely, on July 4, 1863;
Alden H. Chaffin died October 23, 1864, at Memphis, Tenn. ;
James H. Carver died at Jefferson City, Mo., November 1, 1863 ;
David F. M. Felch died at Memphis, Tenn., October 1, 1864;
William N. Lent died August 4, 1864, at Memphis, Tenn.;
Oscar L. Tanner was killed April 8, 1865, at Spanish Fort, Ala. ;
Adial Wilcox was killed in the battle of Nashville, Tenn., December 16, 1864;
Augustus Whitney was killed June 10, 1864, at battle of Price's Cross Roads;
Simeon Gifford died November 22, 1864, at Port Wadsworth;
Henry Hollingshead died December 2, 1864, at Fort Wadsworth ;
Pliney Conkey, it is supposed, died in Milan prison, in the State of Georgia.
Samuel Surface was killed, place unknown ;
W. C. Sommers, killed in front of Vicksburg;
Roy Anderson, drowned at Big Stone Lake, on an Indian expedition.
The following died in Andersonville prison : Hartland Ames, Stephen N. Chandler,
Henry Rolfe, Isaac Bisgrow, Byran A. Vanhouse, Albert E. Wheeler, Franklin C. Wilson, James N. Woodbury.
COLONEL ROGERS' CAREER.
Col. Henry C. Rogers was born in Vermont in 1834. He removed to Minnesota in 1856 and settled in Mower county, where he engaged in farming and mercantile business. In 1862 he was a member of the house of representatives in this state and in the fall of that year was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the Eighth Minnesota, and held that position until mustered out at the close of the war. In the fall of 1865 he was elected secretary of state and was re-elected in 1867, when his health precluded his longer holding that position. In the winter of 1869-70 he was appointed pension agent of Minnesota, and held that position until his death. At the battle of Murfreesboro, in December, 1864, Lieutenant-Colonel Rogers was in command of his regiment. Colonel Thomas having command of the brigade, and his troops were ordered to hold a position in an open field against the enemy located in the woods adjacent. The fire became so hot that Colonel Rogers ordered his men to lie down, while he, with that courage which knew no fear, rode up and down the line, a conspicuous target for the enemy. He faced the bullets in safety until just as the victory was won, when a bullet struck his right arm, passed through it, and would have gone through his body but for the fortunate interposition of a belt buckle. From this wound he never recovered, and his health until his death remained in a precarious condition. He died May 8, 1871, at Brownsdale. The Grand Army of the Republic post, formed at Brownsdale in 1882, took his name. The monument fund was started in the spring of 1883, through the energetic exertions of Albert Swift, post commander. He was materially aided in his efforts by A. C. Hawley of St. Paul. Henry C. Rogers Post contributed $25. The remainder came from prominent men in St. Paul, among whom are the Hon. Alex. Ramsey, Gen. J. B. Sanborn, Gen. J. T. Averill, Gen. J. H. Baker, the Hon. William R. Marshall, Col. William Crooks. Gen. A. C. Hawley, the Hon. W. W. Braden, the Hon. Charles Kittleson. the Hon. S. P. Jeinnison. the Hon. David Day, the Hon. Albert Scheffer, the Hon. M. D. Flower, the Hon. A. R. McGill and the Hon. Samuel Nichols. The monument is located about a mile and a half south of Brownsdale, in Greenwood cemetery. It is a cottage monument in design, made of blue Vermont marble.