Swift County's First Pioneers
Source: “Swift County’s First Pioneers” by Clarence Stewart Peterson (1949) transcribed by Veneta McKinney
The lands of Swift County open for homesteads, tree claims, preemption and military land warrants were under the jurisdiction of the U. S. Land Office, the location of which varied as indicated in the following table:
At Stillwater 1849
To Minneapolis June 13, 1854
To Forest City Mar. 22, 1858
To Minneapolis Nov. 1862
To Greenleaf July 3, 1866
To Litchfield Jan. 27, 1870
To Benson June 1876
To Tracy Feb. 1889
To Marshall Mar. 1889
To St. Cloud July 1, 1903
To Duluth Dec. 17, 1906
To Cass Lake May 1, 1925
There were a total of about 3,120 applications or filings on Homesteads, Tree Claims or Timber Culture, Preemptions, and Military Land Warrants in Swift County. In addition, settlements were made on School Lands Sections 16 and 32, and on Railroad Lands which consisted of every other section in the entire county.
The earliest of these land sales entries, commonly known as filings, were made in Swift County during and immediately after the Civil War in the 1860's. The last patents were granted, commonly known as proving up, in the early years of the 1900's.
The number of the earliest applications or filings in Swift County in the first townships settled in the 1860's are:
Benson 12, Camp Lake 41, Hayes 8, Kerkhoven 22, Kildare 45, Pillsbury 7, Six Mile Grove 9, Swenoda 7, Torning 8, West Bank 7.
The following are the earliest land sales entries or filings recorded for Swift County:
Benson: John Olen 11-9-68, Paul Jakobsen 1-8-69, John Olsen 11-4-68, Peder Johnanneson 10-9-68, Ole A. Pettersen 11-4-68, John Torgerson 11-4-68, Nils Erikson 7-21-69, Alfred Knowlton 10-18-69, Geo. W. Knight 10-14-69, Smith Mathews 10-14-69, John Mathison 8-12-69, Gilbert Ericksen 8-12-69.
Camp Lake: Tosten Christopherson 5-23-65, Peder Christopherson 12-6-66, Lewis Johnson 11-21-67, Norman McLeod 9-14-68, Andres Now 5-17-67, Ole Anderson 4-22-68, Saunders Torguson 4-20-67, Thrond Svenson10-16-65, Charles A. McDaniels 4-18-68, John K. Winn, Iver Swenson 6-24-68, John Irwin 4-18-68, William S. Smith 9-14-68, Daniel Sweeney 9-14-68, Ole Paulson 7-15-68, Hans Christiansen 5-23-65, P. J. Sanger 9-14-68, John D. Ford 9-14-68, William B. Reiney 9-14-68, Henry A. Dupont 4-16-68, Somerset Robinson 4-18-68, Peter C. Aperson 4-18-68, C. R. P. Rogers 4-18-68, James H. Remington 4-18-68, Robert F. Brooks 4-18-68, Augustus H. Kilty 4-18-68, Thomas Pattison 4-18-68, William F. Horton 4-18-68, George Anderson 4-18-68, Henry Breworton 4-18-68, John Donnelly 4-18-68, George Brooks 4-18-68, Richard Fitzgerald 4-18-68, James Ansdall 4-18-68, Henry Parker 9-14-68, H. C. Mclliam 4-18-68, Thomas W. Rue 4-18-68, George Wall Adams 4-18-68, G. H. Cooper 9-22-68, Samuel W. Jones 9-14-68, Alfred Coethen 9-19-68.
Hayes: Andred Monson 6-14-65, Lewis Monson 6-17-65, Andrew P. and Daniel P. Brobarg 7-29-61, Andres Monson 9-21-66, Iver Knudson 4-11-68, Olle Ellenson 5-6-69, Peter Carlson 10-8-69.
Kerkhoven: Calvin F. How 9-24-68, Iver Gulvson 12-13-66, Ole Jorgenson 7-26-65, Hans C. Hanson 10-28-67, Thomas C. McClure 6-1-66, Hans C. Hansen 11-1-69, Frieger Nelson 11-16-65, Engebert Iverson 7-27-68, Finger Christopherson 11-16-65, Christopher Fingerson 11-16-65, John Torrey 9-12-67, Erik Hansen 11-26-66, Jens Peterson 4-19-67, Getman Oleson 4-19-67, O. T. Hullebak 6-5-66, Andrew Ellingson 4-29-67, John Swainson 5-31-67, Christen E. Lien 6-5-66, Ole Ellingsen 6-5-66, Henry Hansen 6-5-66, Thomas Oleson 6-5-66, Ole Thompson 6-6-66.
Kildare: Thomas Darling 8-31-68, Michael McGlade 8-31-68, William Peterson 8-31-68, John A. Knowles 8-31-68, James Johnson 8-31-68, G. De F. Barton 7-30-68, Louis Kempff 7-30-68, J. B. Coghlan 7-30-68, W. W. Hendrickson 7-30-68, J. S. Sherrett 7-30-68, John B. Rittenhouse 7-18-68, John S. Kitchen 7-18-68, Gustavus S. Franklin 7-30-68, James McFlint 7-20-68, Charles Martin 7-18-68, David 7-20-68, Felix Cassidy 7-20-68, John Lee Davis 7-20-68, Robert T. Granger 4-1-68, John H. Good Bue 4-18-68, W. H. Clapp 4-18-68, George H. Love 4-18-68, Daniel Huston 4-18-68, Henry G. Deppe 6-22-68, James Morgan 6-22-68, James F. Bronson 6-22-68, John W. Whitten 6-22-68, Sidney Burbank 6-22-68, W. F. Dram 6-22-68, John Cruden 6-22-68, Michael Jacobs 6-22-68, William W. Mitchell 6-22-68, George Young 6-22-68, Moses R. Sane 9-22-68, Will A. Coulter 9-22-68, George R. Durand 9-22-68, Joseph Trilly 9-22-68, William F. Goodwin 9-22-68, D. J. Downing 9-22-68, S. Allen Day 9-22-68, T. H. Stanton 9-22-68, Louis Mennier 9-22-68, T. A. Dodge 9-22-68, O. Brown 9-22-68, J. Simons 9-22-68.
Pillsbury: George B. Wright 4-29-69, Wm. Rhodes 11-2-69, Nils Peterson 7-8-69, Nils Swenson 7-9-69, Andres Johnson 6-8-69, Johannes Swanson 7-8-69, Saml. G. Anderson 8-3-69.
Six Mile Grove: Halvor Halvorson 9-26-68, Louis Christenson 9-26-68, Charles M. Cornelison 9-25-68, Cornelius Olsen Dahl 9-25-68, Erik Hansen 6-25-69, Ole C. Dahl 10-21-69, Ole Olsen Iverstal 11-5-68, Caroline Kittleson 9-25-68, Nils Nielsen Brekke 9-26-68.
Swenoda: Aage Olsen 7-7-69, Hollie Larson 7-7-69, Andrew Swan 8-6-69, Johannes M. K. Klenn 6-19-69, cob Larson 7-7-69, Anders Johnson 6-12-69, Lars Christopherson 6-12-69.
Torning: Edgar S. Fossett 11-4-69, Edwin R. Hawes 11-4-69, Henry W. Burroughs 11-4-69, Charles R. Dunn 11-4-69, John McKinney 12-27-69, V. P. Strom 9-25-68, Rasmus O. Flore 8-3-69, Rasmus D. Ardal 12-16-69.
West Bank: John Bardason 10-1-69, Johannes Oleson 8-6-69, Aadne Olson 11-8-69, Ole Oleson 11-8-69, Halr Nelson 11-8-69, Angram Knudson 7-1-68, Ole Svenungsen 11-8-69.
The last Swift County Land Patents were granted (or proved up) during the 1900's as follows: Camp Lake 1, Clontarf 11, Edison 1, Hegbert 39, Kerkhovan 1, Kildare 1, Marysland 9, Moyer 24, Shible 6, Six Mile Grove 3, Swenoda 10, Tara 3, West Bank 18.
The names of these settlers are:
Camp Lake: Benjamin D. Ferguson 11-26-01.
Clontarf: John Donoghue 11-10-00, Andrew J. Hill 9-27-00, Timothy Murphy 12-5-00, Patrick J. McCarthy 12-31-02, Rasselas E. Scott 11-20-03, Hans Nielsen 9-2-03, John O. Hurley 8-26-02, Andrew J. Lageson 6-5-03, Eugene McShane 2-4-03, Patrick Lynch 11-16-03, Edwin B. Ostrom 1-10-01.
Edison: John Clayton 12-13-01.
Fairfield: Maurice Galvin 10-9-00, George Ready 5-7-00, August Freimark 5-7-00, George H. Haben 6-28-00, Hermann Zahnow 7-5-00.
Hegbert: Mathew Torrey 6-30-00, Hans E. Launes 11-27-00, Johan P. Oyen 10-9-00, Anton Anderson 10-9-00, Hans C. Chrisenson 10-9-00, Peder O. Brustuen 6-20-00, John A. Olson 6-20-00, Thomas Devany 6-20-00,Michael C. Galvin 9-26-00, Charles O. Galvin 6-30-00, John McGuire 6-30-00, Andrew Jackson 6-20-00, Herman Kohlman 6-30-00, Frederick Kohlman 6-30-00, Anne O. Lehne 6-28-00, Paul J. Tofte 7-3-00, Christian A. Rouglin 7-3-00, Karl E. Eliasson 7-3-00, Gilbert O. Jew 6-20-00, Anders R. Anderson 10-9-00, Hendrik Nielson 6-20-00, Ole P. Lene 7-13-00, Erik Olson 3-20-03, Ole N. Brustnen 1-26-03, Paul A. Paulson 7-3-00, Anders P. Stenstum 7-3-00, Edward Flamme 6-30-00, Theodore A. Maxwell 10-9-00, Iver S. Johnson 10-9-00, Mary O. Haugen 11-27-00, Edward Erickson 7-3-00, John H. Johnson 7-3-00, Richard Melin 7-30-02, John T. Johnson 9-26-00, Ole E. Stein 7-3-00, Iver I. Volden 7-3-00, Peter Freeman 4-9-01, Hans Davidson 2-26-00, William Rau 3-12-02.
Kerkhoven: Peder K. Olson 11-19-00.
Kildare: James Madden 5-25-01.
Marysland: Hugh Lyons 8-15-00, Ferdinand Vollmer 6-28-00, Herman Reich 6-28-00, Friedrich Reich 6-28-00, August Reick 6-30-00, Michael Orlowski 6-20-00, Lorenz Moser 8-15-00, Frank K. Harris 4-16-02, Elizabeth Eftman 11-30-00.
Moyer: August Frederick 6-20-00, Ferdinand Boise 6-20-00, William F. Kohler 7-7-00, Frank Kohler 5-7-00, Hermann Ell 7-31-01, Friedrick Berkinke 6-20-00, Joachinn Hoosmann 5-7-00, Carle Menge 6-20-00, Heinrich Berkinki 8-16-00, David Shephard 12-16-01, Hermann Brietzke 3-22-02, Charles A. Zahnow 7-12-02, David L. Shepherd 6-30-00, C. F. Wilhelm Buchholz 5-7-00, William Kohler 6-20-00, David Ewald 6-20-00, Wilhelm Vollmer 8-28-00, Frank Stolt 6-20-00, Kate M. Ewers 1-29-01, James S. Barton 6-20-00, Albert Stabenow 6-20-00, August Plaster 6-20-00, Ludwig Kloehn 10-9-00, James M. Farnham 3-5-00.
Shible: Henry C. Koosmand 10-9-00, Gustav Winkelman 10-9-00, Wilhelm Muller 6-20-00, Fred C. Wilkemig 10-7-01, Christopher Ritzke 7-3-00, Zetto B. Stoddard 10-28-03.
Six Mile Grove: Minnie Swolgard 12-26-01, Peter R. Hanson 3-27-00, John M. Kerner 11-30-01.
Swenoda: Anna C. Moberg 11-22-01, Edward Anderson 12-13-00, Hans G. Fragodt 7-23-01, Erick H. Reid 7-23-01, Old F. Bronniche 7-20-00, Mathias M. Ringh 5-15-02, Kittel Torgersen 12-5-00, Knudt Hagen 7-5-05, Gulik Gusdal 1-10-01, Gunder Gjermanson 11-30-00.
Tara: Robert Reardon 1-30-02, James Duggan 2-20-06, Timothy P. Foley 8-26-02.
West Bank: Cecilia Dolan 2-7-01, Charles M. Dolan 6-26-01, Fred Platon 6-20-00, George Konasky 9-10-00, Markus A. Johnson 6-28-00, Halvor Hanson 6-28-00, Albin Berg 12-31-01, Anders Hanson 7-15-02, Nils O. Arne 2-26-03, Gulbrand L. Fragot 2-28-01, John O. Janto 10-31-00, Hans Paulson 10-31-00, Ole C. Steen 1-24-01, Ivor O. Ammundgaard 4-30-01, Stener H. Erikson 6-30-00, Karl Sigvartson 10-31-00, Svenang Olson 10-31-00, Andrew G. Molden 6-30-00.
On some land tracts one or more other filings and cancellations were made before the Final Land Certificate was granted to the permanent settler. For instance, in the Township of Kildare, Section 24, as early as June 22, 1868, seven filings were made respectively by: John W. Whitten, Sidney Burbank, W. F. Dram, John Cruden, Michael Jacobs, William W. Mitchell and George Young, resulting in only 80 acres remaining open. But these seven filings were all cancelled on September 9, 1875. Those who remained and became permanent settlers in Section 24 in Kildare received their Final Land Certificates as follows: Paul P. Norderhus, 6-22-81; William Larson, 6-27-82; Patrick Kelley, 3-23-83; John Kavanagh, 4-28-83; Samuel C. Hillman, 7-6-83; John Powers, 7-7-88; and Lewis P. Peterson, 3-30-94. The first of these to file was Paul P. Norderhus, who took this action on 10-5-75. The last of these to receive his Final Land Certificate was Lewis P. Peterson, who was issued his original land patent on 3-30-94 for the Ny2, SEJ4, Sec. 24. This eighty of land was first filed on by John Cruden on 6-22-68 but was cancelled on 9-9-75, to be filed on a second time by Sigre Olson on November 24, 1876, who also made a second cancellation on 3-26-81, whereupon a third filing was made by Lewis P. Peterson on 4-4-81 who, as already mentioned, received his Final Land Certificate on said tract on 3-30-94.
The oldest settlement in Swift County was at Monson Lake in Sec. 2 in Hayes Township near the Kandiyohi County line. There the two brothers, Andrew P. Broberg and Daniel P. Broberg, settled with their families. The Homestead law was not passed till almost a year later so the Brobergs could not file on Homesteads. They settled on land, which they purchased together, that was covered by military warrants granted to war veterans as provided by Acts of Congress since the birth of the republic. They purchased, jointly, their first military warrant on July 29, 1861, from Anselmo Garcia, who served in the American Army with the New Mexican Volunteers in the Mexican-American War in 1846-48. The Broberg brothers received their final approval of the granting of the patent of these 160 acres of land in Sec. 2 on January 20, 1862. They purchased, jointly, their second 160 acres military land warrant on July 14, 1862, from John S. Meehan, who served as midshipman on the U. S. Navy warship, the "Fire Fly", in the War of 1812. However, before the final approval on January 2, 1863, of their patent to this military land grant, both brothers, Andrew P. and Daniel P. Broberg, and almost their entire families were brutally annihilated by the red men in the Indian Massacre on Wednesday, August 20, 1862.
On that day, while the two Broberg families were returning from church services at a neighbors home, Andrew Broberg and four children were shot and killed by the Indians in his new cabin home. A wagon drawn by oxen, on their last homeward journey, was filled with the Broberg women and children in charge of Daniel Broberg, whom the Indians shot and killed in the wagon. His wife, desperately attempting to escape, leaped from the wagon with her ten months' old baby in her arms. Thereupon the fiendish savages first brutally tomahawked the helpless infant and then the defenseless mother. Mrs. Andrew P. Broberg jumped from the wagon and was shot and her seven-year- old daughter was killed with a hatchet. Broberg's small boy managed to escape into the brush and tall grass to a neighbor's cabin home.
For some time thereafter no further settlements were made in this region until the U. S. Military Forces had pacified this ravaged land—until once again homeseekers ventured to return and lay the foundation to what has become Swift County, one of the garden spots of Minnesota.
In 1866 a small group of Norwegians settled at Camp Lake. In those days Swift was a part of Chippewa County. This was the second earliest settlement in Swift County, having been preceded by the Broberg brothers' settlement at Monson Lake in 1861. Among the first settlers at Camp Lake were Ole Thorson, F. C. Flattin, Sander Thompson, Ole Dakkebakken and Fingal Fingalson. A little later Svenung Oleson, Over Overson, Hans Golden and Hans A. Wattum settled in the present town of Swenoda.
Swift County organized February 18, 1870, was the fourth County organized in the Minnesota river valley after statehood, an event which occurred almost twelve years after Minnesota was admitted into the union. The first National Archivist, R. D. W. Connor, once told me in Washington, D. C, "A people that will not write their history will not long make it." May we never fail to write the history that we make. Above the entrance to the D.A.R Constitution Hall near the White House in Washington, D. C, is this inscription: "Remove not the ancient landmarks which thy fathers have set," from Proverbs Chap. 22, verse 28. May the ancient landmarks of our fathers endure to the end of time.
Clarence Stewart Peterson
U. S. Bureau of Land
Letter From Swift County
Source: St. Paul Daily Press (St. Paul, MN) Friday, August 1, 1872; Volume: XII Issue: 182; Page 2; transcribed by Frances Cooley
Clarksfield, Swift County, Minnesota
Editors St. Paul Press:
Thinking some of your readers would be interested to hear from this portion of the State, I will give them a brief sketch of the loveliness of this to be Eden of Minnesota. Swift County is seldom or never represented in your columns. Therefore to do her justice as one of her citizens, I would say, as for beauty and richness of good soil, good water, meadow lands, etc, she is one of the promising counties in the North-west. Minnesota sickness and deaths seldom known to exist here, and to show the extreme healthfulness, being one of the first settlers here, there has been but two deaths since the first settling of the western portion of the county. The soil is very rich. Crops could not be better than they are with us this season. Corn, wheat, oats and potatoes, promise a large yield.
There are no grasshoppers or potato bugs to annoy us this season, for which we are thankful.
This portion of the county is rapidly settling with an industrial class of people, mostly Americans.
W. W. Lathrop & Company, of Benson, are building a flouring mill at this point--Clarksfield, on the Pomme de Terre River--which adds much to the encouragement of the settlers there, and chose looking for locations.
There are real good chances for homesteads and pre-emptions, convenient to mill, store, post office and wood, and those persons desirous of improving their rights regarding the same can be united here, I think, as but few go away dissatisfied.
Fish are found in great abundance in the streams and small lakes, and ducks and geese are very plenty in the fall and spring, making this a great point for sportsmen. The pure air and climate is very inviting to invalids.
Clarksfield is a new town, situated on the Pomme de Terre River, 10 miles southwest of Benson, in range 22, town 121, and on the line of the Hastings & Dakota Railroad. It is three months old, and boasts of a flouring mill, store, blacksmith shop, and a school house which cost $890. It bids fair to be a promising village; it's water power privileges and magnificent, which adds much to prosperity; lots are given away to those who will build a house on and improve them.
Source: St. Paul Daily Press (St. Paul, MN) Friday, August 1, 1872; Volume: XII Issue: 182; Page 2; transcribed by Frances Cooley
I think the political feeling is generally to Grand and Wilson, as a majority of the people here are old soldiers, and as Grant was instrumental in saving our country once, we still have the same confidence in him as we had in those trying hours when its good people of our Union watched with great anxiety his deep laid plans to save our country. It is an old adage but nevertheless true, "still water runs deep". Many dislike Grant because he is not a great orator, but knowing him as well as I do I think while others are making great pledges and long speeches, his sound old head is in deep study for the good of this country and fellow men. I would ask the soldier and true American citizen, where was Greeley when our Brave General was in the font of battle fighting to save his country, carrying his brave followers on to victory. I think I hear someone say, sleeping sweetly on his downy pillow, or blowing in some newspaper, saying, go in, boys, hang the rebels--go in, brave fellows, and I'll stand to your back. It makes me feel sad to hear a soldier say Greeley is the man. I trust they will take a good dose of him before the day of the great decision, and may they get enough to sour on them and come out straight
Republican. Old Settler
County Organization and Description
Source: Minnesota Geographic Names; 1920; by Warren Upham
Contributed by Janice Rice
Established February 18, 1870, this county was named in honor of Henry Adoniram Swift, governor of Minnesota in 1863. He was born in Ravenna, Ohio, March 23, 1823; was graduated at Western Reserve College ; was admitted to the practice of law in 1845 ; came to Minnesota in 1853, first settling in St. Paul, but removing in 1856 to St. Peter; and was a member of the state senate, 1862 to 1865. For the latter half of the year 1863, -having been elected lieutenant governor in place of Hon. Ignatius Donnelly, who resigned in consequence of his election as a representative in Congress, Swift succeeded to the governorship when Governor Ramsey had resigned to take his seat in the U. S. Senate. In 1865, Governor Swift was appointed register of the U. S. land office in St. Peter, 'and held this office until his death, February 25, 1869. A memoir of Governor Swift, by John Fletcher Williams, secretary of the Minnesota Historical Society, is in its Volume III, pages 91-98, published in 1870. Gen. James H. Baker, in the "Lives of the Governors of Minnesota" (M. H. S. Collections, vo1. XIII, 1908), presented his biography in pages 109-127, with his portrait. In the closing pages of this sketch General Baker wrote : "The memory of Governor Swift will ever be held in the highest regard by the people of this state. The integrity of his character, his fidelity to public duty, his exemplary and spotless life as a citizen, and his devotion to family ties, made him a model worthy of the regard and admiration of the youth of Minnesota."
TOWNSHIPS AND VILLAGES.
Information of geographic names has been gathered in "History of the Minnesota Valley," 1882, having pages 955-972 for Swift county; and from J. N. Edwards, judge of probate, H. C. Odney, register of deeds, and the late Ernest R. Aldrich, each of Benson, the county seat, the two former being interviewed during a visit there in May, 1916, and the last at later visits by him in St. Pau1.
APPLETON township, organized in 1870, was at first called Phelps. in honor of its first settler, Addison Phelps, who came in the autumn of 1868. Appleton village, named for the city of Appleton in eastern Wisconsin, was founded in 1871-2; the railway was built there in 1879; and the village was incorporated in the spring of 1881. The township was renamed Appleton, on request of Mr. Phelps, who was one of the county commissioners, September 4, 1872. In Wisconsin this name commemorates Samuel Appleton, one of the founders of Lawrence University, located there.
BENSON, the county seat, platted for the railway company by Charles A. F. Morris, for whom Morris in Stevens county was named, in the spring of 1870, was incorporated as a village February 14, 1877, and as a city in 1908. Benson township, first settled in 1867, was organized in April, 1871. The name was adopted in honor of Ben. H. Benson, who was born in Norway in 1846, came to the United States in 1861, and settled in this township in 1869, engaging in mercantile business. After 1875 he owned a farm in Hantho, Lac qui Parle county. (History, Minnesota Valley, p. 950.) Later he removed to Duluth. Others have regarded this name as chosen in honor of Jared Benson, of Anoka, who at that time and during many years was a prominent citizen and a political leader. He was born in Mendon, Mass., November 8, 1821 ; came to Minnesota in 1856, settling at Anoka, and engaged in farming and cattle raising ; was a member and speaker of the House of Representatives in the state legislature in 1861-2 and 1864, and was again a representative in 1879 and 1889; and died in St. Paul, May 18, 1894.
CAMP LAKE township, first settled in 1866, was named from its lake, which was the site of the camp of government surveyors for this and adjoining townships.
CASHEL township, settled in 1873 and organized March 23, 1878, received its name from the ancient city of Cashel in Tipperary county, southern Ireland.
CLONTARF township, which received its first settler in June, 1876, was organized January 16, 1877. "The town was named by Bishop Ireland. The inhabitants are mostly Irish, a colony having settled here in 1878." ( History, Minnesota Valley, p. 969.) The village of Contarf was platted in 1876. This name is from the town and watering place in Ireland, a suburb of Dublin.
DANVERS, a railway village in the east edge of Maryland, bears the name of a township and villages in Massachusetts and of a village in Illinois.
DE GRAFF, a railway village in Kildare, founded in 1875, was incorporated February 18, 1881, being named in honor of Andrew De Graff, of St. Paul. He was born near Amsterdam, N. Y., October 21, 1811 ; came to Minnesota in 1857, and built many railroads in this state, including the Great Northern line through this county; died in St. Paul, November 7, 1894.
DUBLIN township, organized February 14, 1878, having chiefly Irish settlers, is named for the capital and largest city of Ireland.
EDISON township, settled in 1872 and organized March 23, 1878, was originally called New Posen, for a Polish city and province of Prussia, but was renamed in honor of Thomas Alva Edison, the great inventor. He was born in Milan, Ohio, February 11, 1847; was a newsboy, and afterward a telegraph operator; removed to New York city, 1871, to Menlo Park, N. J., 1876, and later to West Orange, N. J. Among his inventions are the duplex telegraph, the phonograph, and the incandescent electric lamp.
FAIRFIELD township, settled in 1867, organized April 16, 1872, has a name borne by counties in Connecticut, Ohio, and South Carolina, and by townships and villages or cities in twenty-nine states of the Union.
HAYES township, settled in 1868 and organized in 1877, was named in honor of Rutherford Birchard Hayes. nineteenth president of the United States. He was born in Delaware, Ohio, October 4, 1822; served in the Union army during the civil war, and was brevetted major general of volunteers in 1865; was a member of Congress, 1865-7; governor of Ohio, 1868-72 and 1876-7 ; was president, 1877-81 ; died at Fremont, Ohio, January 17, 1893.
HEGBERT township was first settled by Ole Hegstad, in 1869, and was organized in a meeting at his house, April 8, 1876.
HOLLOWAY is a railway village in Moyer, named by officers of the Great Northern railway in honor of an adjacent pioneer farmer.
KERKHOVEN township, first settled in 1865, and the railway village of this name, in Pillsbury township, platted in 1870 and incorporated in January, 1881, received this Scottish name in honor of a stockholder of the Great Northern railway company.
KILDARE township, settled in 1868 and organized April 20, 1875, was named for a county and a town in Ireland.
MARYSLAND township, organized March 11, 1879, was settled and named by Catholic immigrants from Ireland.
MOYER township was first settled in June, 1869, by William Moyer, in whose honor it received this name at its organization, January 25, 1879.
MURDOCK, a railway village in Dublin, was platted by S. S. Murdock in 1878 and was incorporated in 1881. He removed to Phoenix, Arizona.
PILLSBURY township, settled in 1869, organized January 29, 1876, was named in honor of John Sargent Pillsbury, who was born in Sutton, N. H., July 29, 1827, and died in Minneapolis, October 18, 1901. He came to Minnesota in 1855, settling in St. Anthony, now the east part of Minneapolis, engaged in the hardware business until 1875, and afterward in lumbering and flour milling; was a state senator, 1864-8, and 1871-5; and governor, 1876-82. He was greatly interested in upbuilding the state university; one of its chief buildings was donated by him, and is named in his honor ; and he was a member of the Board of Regents from 1863 until his death, being president of the board after 1891. His biography and portrait are in "Lives of the Governors of Minnesota," by General Baker (M. H. S. Collections, vo1. XIII, 1908, pages 225-250).
SHIBLE township, organized July 8, 1876, was named for Albert Shible, its earliest settler, who came here in August, 1869, but removed in 1870. Six MILE GROVE township, settled in April, 1866, and organized November 1, 1877, is named for its grove, six miles distant from Benson.
SWENODA township, first settled in the spring of 1869, organized April 7, 1873, has a composite name, in compliment to its Swede, Norwegian, and Dane settlers. The same name is borne by a lake about 25 miles distant northeastward, in Pope county.
SWIFT FALLS is a hamlet on the East branch of the Chippewa river, in Camp Lake township.
TARA township, settled in the spring of 1877, organized December 21, 1878, is named for a hill in County Meath, Ireland, about 20 miles northwest of Dublin. "It was in antiquity a chief seat of the Irish monarchs, and is regarded with patriotic veneration by the Irish people."
TORNING township, organized April 5, 1879, bearing the name of a village in central Denmark, had previously been the south part of Benson township. It has the city of Benson in its northwest corner.
WEST BANK township, settled in 1868 and organized March 11, 1879. lies at the west
side of the Chippewa river.