State of Minnesota

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Minnesota History Timeline


Two Sources Secretary of State - - News Source

Source: Minnesota Secretary of State Government Site
Submitted by K. Torp, November 2011


1654
Fur traders from France reached Wisconsin Minnesota.

1679
Daniel Greysolon Dulhut (Duluth) met with Indians near Mille Lacs Lake.

1680
Father Louis Hennepin was the first European to see the Falls of St. Anthony.

1695-1731
The French built forts and settlements in Minnesota.

1784
The North West Company became important in the fur trade after the Revolutionary War; Grand Portage was its headquarters.

1817
The American Fur Company, under the leadership of John Jacob Astor, began operations in Minnesota.

1818
All of Minnesota became American territory.

1832
Henry R. Schoolcraft discovered the source of the Mississippi River and named it Lake Itasca.

1841
The Chapel of St. Paul was built, giving the name to the future capital of the state.

1849
The Minnesota Territory was formed.

1850
Minnesota had a population of 6,077.

1853
The first state capitol was constructed.

1858
Minnesota became the thirty-second state on May 11.

1862
The first railroad in Minnesota opened between Minneapolis and St. Paul.

1865
The population of Minnesota was 250,099.

1881
The first state capitol burned and a second was built.

1884
The first iron ore was shipped from Minnesota, a product of the Vermillion Range. Six years later iron was discovered on the Mesabi Range.

1889
St. Marys Hospital, part of the Mayo Clinic, opened in Rochester.

1894
On September 1, killer forest fires started, destroying over 400 square miles near Hinckley and Sandstone. More than 418 people died.

1905
Minnesota's third and present state capitol was built.

1950
The state population was 2,982,483.

1959
The St. Lawrence Seaway opened, allowing ocean ships to get to Duluth.

1987
The Minnesota Twins won the World Series.

1991
The Minnesota Twins won their second World Series.

1996
A new record low temperature for the state was established at 9:10 a.m., February 2: 60º below zero in the City of Tower.

1997
The state and national economies continued to set new highs as the Dow Jones stock average broke 7,000. Minnesota's unemployment rate remained steady at less than 3%, and use of state public assistance programs declined by 17%. The state treasury posted a record breaking 2.3 billon dollar surplus fueled by higher than expected tax revenues and state budget cuts.

The University of Minnesota's Golden Gophers men's basketball team won the Big Ten championship and went on to compete in the NCAA Final Four basketball tournament.

Severe winter storms and snowfalls led to record breaking spring floods along Minnesota's major river systems. Red River and Minnesota River valley communities were especially hard hit.


1998
Minnesota won a victory when the tobacco industry agreed to a four billion dollar settlement to reimburse the state for the cost of medical treatment provided to smokers.

Former Brooklyn Park mayor Jesse Ventura was elected governor, defeating both the Democratic-Farmer-Labor candidate, Attorney General Hubert H. (Skip) Humphrey III, and the Republican candidate, St. Paul mayor Norm Coleman. The Reform Party candidate and former professional wrestler became the first "third party" governor since 1936.

The Minnesota Vikings came within seconds of reaching the Super Bowl.

2000
The state population was 4,919,479.


HISTORICAL RESUME. 1635 - 1887


[Source: Northfield News Almanac and Bureau of Information compiled by Joel P. Heatwole, 1892.] mkk

1635. Jean Nicollet, an explorer from France, brought to Montreal the first mention of the aborigines of Minnesota.

1650-60. Groiselliers and Radisson wintered among the Sioux of Mile Lacs region, Minnesota.

1661. Father Rene Menard left Keweenaw on Lake Superior, to visit the Hurons, then in Northern Wisconsin, and was lost near the sources of the Black and Chippewa rivers.

1679. DuLuth at Fond du Lac, Lake Superior, traded with the Sioux.

1680. Louis Hennepin, a Dutch priest, in May reached the village of the Mille Lac Sioux, Duluth, in June, by way of the St. Croix river, reached the Mississippi, and meets Hennepin.

1688. Nicholas Perrot planted the cross and arms of France on the soil of Minnesota, and laid formal claim to the country for France. He built a fort on Lake Pepin, near Lake City.

1696. Le Sueur built a fort on Isle Pelee, in the Mississippi, below Prescott.

1700. Le Sueur established Fort L'Huillier, on the Blue Earth River (near the mouth of the Le Sueur), and first supplied the Sioux with firearms.

1727. The French established a third fort on Lake Pepin with Sieur de Lapperriere as commander.

1763. By the treaty of Versailles, France ceded Minnesota east of the Mississippi, to England, and west of it to Spain.

1766. Captain Jonathan Carver visited St. Anthony falls and Minnesota river. He pretended to have made a treaty with the Indians the following spring, in a cave, now called "Carver's Cave," within the present limits of St. Paul, at which he says they ceded to him an immense tract of land, long known as " Carver's Claim," but never recognized by government.

1798-99. The Northwestern Fur Company established itself in Minnesota.

1800. May 7th, that part of Minnesota east of the Mississippi became a part of Indiana, by the division of Ohio.

1803. December 20, that part of Minnesota west of the Mississippi, for forty years in the possession of Spain as a part of Louisiana, was ceded to the United States by Napoleon Bonaparte, who had just obtained it from Spain.

1805. Capt. Z. M. Pike visited Minnesota to establish government relations there, and obtained the Fort Snelling reservation from the Dakotas.

1812. The Dakotas, Ojibways and Winnebagos, under the lead of hostile traders, joined the British during the war. Red River colony established by Lord Selkirk.

1819. Minnesota, east of the Mississippi, became a part of Crawford county, Michigan. Fort Snelling established and a post at Mendota occupied by troops.

1820. Corner stone of Fort Snelling laid September 10th. Gov. Cass visits Minnesota and makes a treaty of peace between the Sioux and Ojibways at Fort Snelling. Col. Josiah Snelling appointed to the command of the latter post.

1823. The first steamboat arrived at Mendota; Maj. Stephen H. Long explores Minnesota river and the northern frontier. Beltrami arrives and explores sources of the Mississippi.

1825. Great flood on the Red river; a part of the colony driven to Minnesota, and settle near Fort Snelling.

1832. Schoolcraft explored sources of Mississippi river; first mission established at Leech lake, by Rev. W. T. Boutwell, now of Stillwater.

1834. The portion of Minnesota west of the Mississippi attached to Michigan. Gen. H. H. Sibley settles at Mendota.

1835. Catlin and Featherstonhaugh visit Minnesota.

1836. The territory of Wisconsin organized, embracing all of Minnesota east of the Mississippi; the rest being attached to Iowa. Nicollet visits Minnesota.

1837. Gov. Dodge, of Wisconsin, made a treaty at Fort Snelling with the Ojibways, by which the latter ceded all their pine lands on the St. Croix and its tributaries; a treaty was also effected at Washington with a deputation of Dakotas for their lands east of the Mississippi. These treaties led the way to the first actual settlements in the state.

1838. The Treaty ratified by Congress. Frank Steele makes a claim at St. Anthony Falls. Pierre Parrant makes a claim and builds a shanty on the present site of St. Paul.

1840. The chapel of "St Paul" built and consecrated, giving the name to the capital of the state.
1843. Stillwater settled.

1846. August 6th, the Wisconsin enabling act passed.

1847. The Wisconsin constitutional convention meets. The town of St. Paul surveyed, platted and recorded in St. Croix county register of deeds office. First improvement of the water power at the falls of St. Anthony.

1848. May 29th, Wisconsin admitted, leaving Minnesota (with its present boundaries without a government. August 26th, the "Stillwater convention" held, to take measures for a separate territorial organization. October 30th, H. H. Sibley elected delegate to Congress.

1849. January 15th, H. H. Sibley admitted to a seat. March 3d, the bill organizing Minnesota passed. March 19th, its territorial officers appointed. June 1st, Gov. Ramsey declared, by proclamation, the territory organized. September 3d, the first territorial legislature assembled.

1850. Great flood this year; highest water ever known. Minnesota river first navigated by steamboats.

1851. Permanent location of capitol, university and penitentiary; another flood; July 23, treaty of Traverse des Sioux completed, opening of the territory west of the Mississippi to settlers.

1852. July 26th, the treaty ratified by the United States senate.

1853. W. A. Gorman appointed governor; the capitol building completed.

1854. Celebration of the opening of the Rock Island railroad, the first road to the Mississippi river, by a mammoth excursion, reaching St. Paul June 8th; a large immigration this season and the three succeeding ones, and the real estate mani commences.

1857. Enabling act passes Congress, February 26th; Gov. Sam Medary arrives on Apri 22d; legislature passes a bill to remove the capital to St. Peter, but it fails to accomplish the object. Inkpadootah massacre, April. June 1st, constitutional convention assembles. Real estate speculation reaches its height, and is checked by the financial panic August 24th; great revulsions and hard times. October 13th, constitution adopted and state officers elected.

1858. State loan of $250,000 negotiated; five million loan bill passed, is voted on April 16th, and passes; great stringency in money market; state admitted May llth state officers sworn in May 24th.

1859. Hard times continue to intensify; "Wright County War;" "Glencoe"and "Owatonna" money issued; work on the land grant road ceases; collapse of the five million scheme; first export of grain this fall; hard political struggle; the Republicans triumph.

1861. April 13th, president's proclamation for troops received, the first regiment recruited at once; June 22nd it embarks at Fort Snelling for the seat of war.

1862. Call for 600,000 men; August 17th, massacre at Acton; August 18th, outbreak at Lower Sioux agency; 19th, New Ulm attacked; 20th, Fort Ridgely attacked; 25th second attack on New Ulm; 30th, Fort Abercrombie besieged; September 1st, the bloody affair at Birch Coolie; 19th, first railroad in Minnesota in operation, between St. Paul and Minneapolis; 22d, battle of Wood Lake; 26th, captives surrendered at Camp Release; military commission tries 321 Indians for murder rape, etc.; 303 condemned to die; December 26th, 38 hung at Mankato.

1863. General Sibley's expedition to the Missouri river; July 3d, Little Crow killed; July 24th, battle at Big Mound; 26th, battle at Dead Buffalo Lake; July 28th, battle of Stony Lake.

1864. Large levies for troops; expedition to Missouri river, under Sully; inflation of money market; occasional Indian raids.

1865. Peace. Minnesota regiments return and are disbanded; in all 25,052 troops furnished by the state.

1866-72. Rapid railroad building everywhere, immigration heavy, "good times" prevail, and real estate inflated.

1873. January 7th, 8th, and 9th, polar wave sweeps over the state, seventy persons perish; September, the Jay Cooke failure creates another panic; grasshopper raid begins and continues five seasons.

1876. September 7th, attack on bank at Northfield by a gang of armed outlaws from Missouri; three of the latter killed and three captured.

1877. Biennial sessions amendments adopted.

1878. May 2d, three flouring mills at Minneapolis explode; eighteen lives lost.

1880. November 15th, portion of the hospital for the insane at St. Peter destroyed by fire; eighteen inmates burned to death, 7 died subsequently of injuries and fright, and 6 missing. Total loss $150,000.

1881. March 1st. the state capitol destroyed by fire.

1884. January 25, state prison partially burned.

1886. April 14th. a cyclone strikes the city of St. Cloud and Sauk Rapids, demolishing scores of buildings and killing about seventy people.

1887. . Important legislation regarding the liquor traffic, common carriers and elections,

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