Wadena County, Minnesota

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Andrew J. Adams
Source: Compendium of History and Biography of Northern Minnesota, Geo. A. Ogle & Co., Publishers, Engravers, and Book Manufactures, 1902; submitted by Robin Line

Andrew J. Adams, deceased, was a farmer of much prominence and a citizen of great influence in Wadena county. He resided on section 4 of Wadena township, where he surrounded himself with the conveniences and comforts of modern rural life. His portrait will be found upon another page of this volume..

Mr. Adams was born June 19, 1829, in West Virginia. His parents, Philip C. and Mary (Tawley) Adams, were natives of Virginia. In his native state our subject received a good common-school education, and on reaching his majority he opened a hardware and general merchandise business, which he conducted for some time. He then devoted himself to farming, and continued to reside in West Virginia until 1880. At that time he determined to see what the west offered to an enterprising man, and the same year emigrated to Minnesota. He lived for one year in the city of St. Paul, and then in 1881 came to Wadena county and purchased land in section 4 of Wadena township. His farming operations succeeded to a marked degree, and he was at the time of his death the possessor of a fine farm of one hundred and sixty acres of well-diversified lands, adapted to general farming and stock raising. For the last eleven years of his life he rented his farm and lived practically in retirement. He had a comfortable residence and one of the most desirable estates in the county.

Mr. Adams was one of the surviving old soldiers of or Civil war. He enlisted September 16, 1862, in Company H., Third West Virginia Volunteer Cavalry, and during his three years' service was promoted to be captain of Company B. He performed meritorious duties for the cause of the Union and saw much hard service. He was mustered out June 30, 1865.

In 1849 Mr. Adams was married to Eliza Pickens, a native of Virginia. Mrs. Adams died leaving one son, namely, Philip C., the date of his birth being October 5,1855. In 1890 Mr. Adams was married to Rachel A. Raines. Mrs. Adams was born in West Virginia January 10, 1850. Of this marriage one son has been born, namely, Philander, the date of his birth being May 22, 1892. Mr. Adams was a member of the Masonic fraternity, and of the G. A. R. He died July 19, 1901. He was held in high respect, and was well known through the county as one of the respected early settlers. The widow and son still rent the farm and reside in the residence thereon.

Stephen Ashburner
Source: History and Biography of Central and Northern Minnesota, Geo. A. Ogle & Co., Chicago, 1904. Transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman.

Stephen Ashburner, a respected citizen of Wadena county, resides on section 28, Wadena township. He is a successful agriculturist, and his estate bears evidence of good management, thrift and prosperity.

Mr. Ashburner was born at Barrow in Furness, in England, November 13, 1859. His father was Thomas Ashburner, a native of England, and his mother, also born in England, bore the maiden name of Elinor Lishman. The boyhood days of our subject were spent in his native land, where he received his early education. When he was fourteen years of age he came to America with his parents. He attended school in Wadena county and worked on his father's farm until he was twenty-six years old. He received a good practical education and learned with thoroughness all the details of farming in the northwest. He is now the owner of two hundred acres of valuable land, well adapted to general farming and stock-raising, and he cultivates annually one hundred and forty acres. The value of his estate is enhanced by an abundant supply of the best water, rendering the business of stock-raising a profitable department. The farm is already well stocked and Mr. Ashburner purposes entering more extensively into this branch of agriculture. He has his farm well equipped with modern machinery and is in all respects an up-to-date farmer. His present competence grew up from small beginnings. He lived in a log house for many years, and for ten years used ox teams in breaking and cultivating his lands. However, his industry, good management and enterprise have brought him deserved success, and he is regarded as one of Wadena county's most substantial citizens.

Mr. Ashburner was married in 1886, to Altin Glasse. Mrs. Ashburner was born in Fillmore county, Minnesota, July 13, 1864. Her parents were John and Mary Glasse, the former of Irish and the latter of English descent. Mr. and Mrs. Ashburner are the parents of three children, namely: Date, William and Mary E. The family are members of the M. E. church. Mr. Ashburner is a Republican in political views, and takes a commendable interest in all matters of a public nature. He is one of the pioneers of the county and is well known throughout the entire locality.

Joseph Askew
Source: Compendium of History, and Biography of Northern Minnesota, 1902, George A Ogle & Co., page 320-323; submitted by Robin Line
Joseph Askew, justly termed the Father of Menahga, was until 1901 one of the most enterprising and consequently successful business men of that thriving town. He is now the proprietor of the Commercial Hotel, at Wadena, the best hotel of the town, and fitted with all modern conveniences. He is a pioneer of Wadena county, having spent a quarter of a century there, and is widely known and esteemed as a citizen of genuine worth.

Mr. Askew was born in the village of Swanton county of Cumberland, England, April 11, 1840. His father, Joseph Askew, was a contractor and bridge builder, having charge of the county bridges. The mother of our subject, whose maiden name was Ann Turner, was also of English birth and descent. Of a family of ten children, our subject was the sixth in order of birth. He grew to manhood in the village of Gosforth, Cumberland county, and attended the common schools of that locality. At the age of seventeen years Mr. Askew went to Scotland, where he worked on the Glasgow water works and assisted in laying the first pipes in the Dum-Barton water works system. He also visited Edinborough, where he saw the crown of Scotland, a guarded treasure, and other relics of Scottish history, and also visited other places of interest. He then went to Newcastle on Tyne, England, where he was employed on the water works and spent about one year in that part of England. He then went to London, where he was engaged several months on the sewerage system. From there he went to France and was there engaged in tunnel work on the railroad south of Paris for six months. After attaining his majority he began work in the iron mines of Frizington county Cumberland, England, deciding to make his home there, and was thus employed fourteen years, becoming very proficient in the work of the mines and for six years held the position of sinker and shaftman. He followed the mining business in England until 1875, and in the spring of that year came to America, landing at New York. He went direct to Wadena county, Minnesota, via Duluth, and entered a homestead claim to land in section 2, Wadena township, in the spring of 1875. He began farming on a brush prairie, without means, his small savings being exhausted during the summer of that year. He built a small lumber shanty, where he lived the first year, and during that season did little farming, and had to get all supplies to his home on his back. He then engaged in breaking land for himself and others, breaking about seventy-five acres annually for several years and spent his winters in the pineries until 1887. In the fall of 1876 he bought an interest in a threshing outfit and engaged in this business each season for twenty years. During those early days he endured many privations and hardships, finally developing a valuable estate, and remained on this tract of land until 1890, when he disposed of his farm and moved to Menahga, a new village in the northern part of Wadena county, on the line of the Great Northern Railroad. He built the Arlington Hotel, the first frame building in the town, and conducted the same with success. In the same year he bought another farm in Leaf River township, consisting of two hundred acres, in section 25, about half of which was under cultivation, and on which he built a complete set of farm buildings. Mr Askew established the first livery barn in Menahga, which business he still conducts with good success. During the early days there he engaged extensively in buying and selling horses and cattle. In the spring of 1901 he rented the Wadena House and changed the name to the Commercial Hotel. It is a large brick structure, situated in the business center of town, and there he is doing a very successful business. To whatever enterprise he has turned his attention he has met with unbounded success and is one of the truly self-made men of Wadena county. He can recount many interesting experiences and dangerous ones of his life as a pioneer in the wilderness of Minnesota, since first coming to the state.

Mr. Askew was married August 25, 1862, to Miss Jane Eilbeck. Mrs. Askew was born in Egermont county Cumberland, England, and her people were of English descent. Her father was a millwright by trade. The following children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Askew: Elizabeth A., William H., Isabelle B., Henrietta, Samuel, Wilfred L., Samuel C., Fannie H., Charles H., Alice M., Jennie, Julia and Joseph. Mr. Askew has always taken a most hearty interest in public affairs of his community, and in 1886 was elected county commissioner and again in 1888, serving a year and a half, when he resigned the office on account of his change of residence. He has served as mayor of the village of Menahga for several terms, and took an active part in the organization of the village. He is also interested in school work and served in various school offices several years and was active in getting the public school system established in Menahga. He is an ardent worker for the principles of the Populist party, having been associated with the Farmer's Alliance. He was president of the County Alliance, and was county lecturer and organizer. He was the candidate of this party for state representative, and of the Populist party for state senator. No citizen is more widely known and respected and none have done more to develop and advance the interests and resources of Wadena county than Mr Askew. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias and Ancient Order of United Workmen. (Photo of Joseph Askew on page 321)

Edgar R. Barton
Source: The Book of Minnesotans: A Biographical Dictionary of Leading Living Men of Minnesota, edited by Albert Nelson Marquis, 1907; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
BARTON, Edgar R., surgeon and physician; born at So. Bridgton, Me., May 26, 1872; son of James H. and Laura E. (Chaplin) Barton; educated in public schools of Portland, Me., and Minneapolis. Minn.; University of Minnesota, College of Medicine and Surgery, graduating, degree of M.D., 1901. Has been engaged in practice of medicine at Frazee since 1901. President Frazee Drug Co. Surgeon Northern Pacific Ry. Co. and Nichols-Chisolm Lumber Co. Ex-president Village Council. Frazee; secretary Board of Health: assistant county physician, deputy coroner. Member Clay-Becker County Medical Society. Minnesota State and American Medical associations. Republican. Married at Wadena, Minn., Nov. 13, 1901, to Miss Mabel Parker; two children: James Parker, born Aug. 21, 1902, and Edgar R.. Jr., born April 26, 1906. Address: Frazee, Minn.

Clifford W. Baumbach
Source: Compendium of History, and Biography of Northern Minnesota, 1902, George A Ogle & Co.; submitted by Robin Line

Clifford W. Baumbach, cashier of the First National Bank of Wadena, Wadena county, is a young man of excellent business capabilities and has successfully conducted the affairs of the institution with which he is connected. He is a gentleman of excellent education, enterprising and industrious and has a host of friends in Wadena county.

Mr. Baumbach was born in Ogle county, Illinois, August 14, 1871, the village of Ashton being his birthplace. His father, W. R. Baumbach, was a merchant in early life, and later turned his attention to the banking business and became a president of the First National Band of Wadena.

Of a family of three children our subject was the second in order of birth. He passed his boyhood, until nine years of age, in Illinois, and then removed to Wadena county, Minnesota, with his parents in 1880, the father being associated with the firm of Baumbach & Meyer in the general merchandise business. This business was discontinued in 1885, and the Wadena Exchange Bank, a private institution, was established. The bank was operated thus for seven years and in December 1892, was incorporated as the First National Bank of Wadena, with the following gentlemen as officers: W. R. Baumbach, president; Frank Wilson, vice-president; C. W. Baumbach, cashier; and E. J. Austen, assistant cashier. The bank has continued under this management to the present, and is now in a flourishing and prosperous condition and is one of the stable banks of that region. It has the largest capital surplus and largest deposits of any incorporated bank in the county and conducts as extensive business. It is the pioneer bank of Wadena and has passed many years as one of the foremost.

Clifford W. Baumach grew to manhood in Wadena and attended the high school of that city and graduated from the Curtis Business college. He was appointed bookkeeper of the Wadena Exchange Bank in 1890, and the same year was promoted to the office of assistant cashier, and in December, 1892, upon the incorporation of the First National Bank of Wadena, he was elected cashier. He has held the office continuously since that date, and much of the present prosperity of the bank is due to his faithful services and good management of the intricate affairs entrusted to his keeping. His systematic work, promptness and honest dealing have place him among the foremost business men of Wadena county.

Mr. Baumbach was married in 1894 to Miss Bertha M. Bigham. Mrs. Baumbach's parents are residents of Trempealeau county, Wisconsin. Mrs. Baumbach is a lady of excellent education and rare accomplishments, and has followed the profession of teaching in Wadena. Mr. and Mrs. Baumbach are the parents of two daughters. Mr. Baumbach has always taken a commendable interest in the affairs of his township and locality, and is recolonized as one of the leaders. He has served as treasurer of the board of education, filling the office for a number of years, and is an earnest supporter of advanced educational methods and ideas. He is a Republican politically and has been identified with the principles of that party since reaching majority.

Theodore Brockhoff
Source: History and Biography of Central and Northern Minnesota, Geo. A. Ogle & Co., Chicago, 1904. Transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman.

Theodore Brockhoff, a prosperous merchant and extensive land owner of Wadena county, is an old settler if that region and has gained a host of friends during his life there. He is engaged in the hardware business in Wadena and Fergus Falls, and does an extensive business in this line.

Mr. Brockhoff was born on a farm in Manitowoc county, Wisconsin, August 29, 1855, and was a son of Henry Brockhoff. His father was a native of Germany and came to America in the spring of 1853 with his wife. This was the only move he made throughout his career and he followed farming successfully throughout his life. The mother of our subject, whose maiden name was Gertrude Baumgardner, was a native of the same place as our subject's father. Of a family of thirteen children born to this worthy couple our subject was the second in order of birth. He was raised on the farm in Wisconsin and aided in transforming a pioneer farm into a well cultivated farm. He attended the country school four miles from his home a few weeks, and altogether had but a limited schooling, but by study and observation has since acquired a good education. When he was nine years of age he and his mother had the care of the farm, owing to the father being drafted into the army. He did not serve, being rejected, and returned to his home, but during his absence our subject passed through many experiences. Driving oxen to harrow he was too small to take their yokes off at nooning and had to go to a neighbor's to assist him. When about the house he was a great help to his mother with the housework and the care of his younger brothers and sisters. At the age of sixteen years he went to Manitowoc and there spent three years learning the blacksmith's trade. During two years of this time he had but fifty cents spending money. After completing his apprenticeship he went to Milwaukee and there worked at his trade two years and then established a shop near his home at Clark's Mills. He conducted the business there one year; and then through the crookedness of a wagon-maker he lost his tools and an investment of $100. Being short of capital he traveled westward to Albert Lea, Minnesota, and secured work on a gravel train. On reaching Jordan he wished to quit his position where he had endured many hardships, and finally was compelled to walk forty miles to Minneapolis to secure his wages, starting at night and securing a few hours rest in a box car at Chaska on his way. He then returned to Jordan and worked five months on a farm. He then followed his trade a year and a half in St. Paul and vicinity, and in the spring of 1880, went to Wadena and established a blacksmith shop there. This was the second shop of the kind in the town and he and his partner manufactured the first wagon in the county. In one year and nine months he bought his partner out and conducted the business alone. The country was new and business prospered for Mr. Brockhoff and during the winter months he worked long hours doing a general blacksmithing and repairing business. He had the largest shop in the county and did an extensive business, employing four men, the business keeping himself and all the employes busy. He continued in the blacksmith business until 1891, when he disposed of the same for a farm and the same year started in the hardware business, purchasing the stock of George H. Green in Wadena. This store was established by Mr. Green and John Weeks about 1887 and Mr. Brockhoff continued business at the old place until 1894 when he and William King built the present brick store building. In 1894 Harry Holler became a partner with Mr. Brockhoff and they conducted the business together four years, when they sold the stock and retired temporarily from the business in Wadena. Mr. Brockhoff owned a stock which he had purchased in Staples and this he removed to Deer Creek. Ottertail county, where he had erected a building for the purpose and he conducted business there until January, 1900. In the meantime he and A. H. Holzer purchased the stock which Mr. Brockhoff had sold about eight months previous. They now have a store 99x25 feet, including a tinshop, and they carry a complete line of hardware, etc. Mr. Brockhoff owned some Minneapolis property, which he turned toward a hardware business in Fergus Falls, Minnesota. This business was established in 1895 with a $1,500 stock and this has been increased to a $5,000 stock and occupies a 50-foot-front store building. The store is owned by Br. Brockhoff and A. H. Spiekerman. Mr. Brockhoff has engaged in buying and selling real estate in Wadena county since his residence there and has owned at different times no less than twenty-two different farms in Wadena and Ottertail counties. He is now the owner of a fine tract of 320 acres, which is partly improved, and upon which he engages successfully in agriculture. He also has property in Duluth. During the summer of 1900 he erected a modern and comfortable residence and now enjoys a pleasant home and successful business.

M. Brockhoff was married in the fall of 1882 to Miss Susanna Peffer. Mrs. Brockhoff was born in Stearns county Minnesota, and was a daughter of Lawrence Peffer. Her father was a native of Germany, and came to America about 1850, and settled in Wisconsin. He later moved to Minnesota, where Mrs. Brockhoff was reared and educated. Mr. and Mrs. Brockhoff are the parents of one daughter. Mary, who was born in 1885. She is an accomplished musician and is attending school in Wadena, and is one of the promising young ladies of that community. Mr. Brockhoff is a member of the Catholic Order of Foresters and St. Joseph's Society, and is also a member of the Catholic church. He has taken an active part in church work and was one of the promoters of the establishment of a church at Wadena and the erection of a house of worship. He was trustee of the church eight years. This denomination now owns the largest church in this part of the county. Mr. Brockhoff was a member of the first city council of Wadena.

William Dower
Source: Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Kim Mohler

DOWER William, Wadena. Hardware merchant. Born May 23, 1860 in Mich, son of Sampson and Mary Ann (Gilbert) Dower. Married Dec 25, 1889 to Jessie Boyd. Educated in public schools of Duluth. Moved to Wadena 1875 and engaged in farming and lumbering until 1895; served as county treas 1895-1905; purchased an interest in Wadena Hardware Co and has been engaged in that business to date. Member Dower Lumber Co. Member Minn House of Representatives session 1907-1909; Masonic fraternity 32d degree, Shrine and I O O F.

Henry Ebner
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Anna Parks

EBNER Henry, Wadena. Miller. Born July 2, 1852 in Fort Wayne Ind, son of Maxmus and Barbara (Bishop) Ebner. Married Feb 28, 1876 to Anna Schmaker. Educated in Indiana public schools. Employed as carpenter and millwright until 1880; milling business Dayton Minn 1880-83; carpenter and farmer 1883-86; conducted Wadena Brg Co 1886-95; real estate broken until 1899, when he bought Wadena Rolling Mills now operating under name of Ebner Milling Co. Mayor of Wadena.

Erwin B. Follett
Source: Commemorative Biographical Record of the Upper Lake Region, J. H. Beers & Co., 1905; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

ERWIN B. FOLLETT, for some years agent for the Northern Pacific Railway Company, at Superior, was born at Geneva Lake, Wis., Feb. 15, 1857, his father being George W. Follett, a New Englander, probably of French descent.

John Follett, grandfather of George W., served in the Continental army, taking part in Ethan Allen's expedition against Ticonderoga and in other campaigns; he was a farmer and received a grant of land for his military service. Luther Follett, son of John and father of George W., lived and died in New England.

George W. Follett learned the blacksmith's trade in the East, and when a young man set out with his tools for Pike's Peak. Abandoning that idea, however, he settled about 1852 at Lake Geneva, Wis., where for some years he carried on a blacksmith shop. From there he went to Coral City, now Whitehall, Trempealeau Co., Wis., where he became a merchant, also doing an extensive business in logging in Clark county. In 1880 he moved to Wadena, Minn., where he passed the remainder of his life on a farm, dying Nov. 12, 1901, at the age of seventysix. George W. Follett was a man of decided opinions, and in every way an exemplary citizen; in politics he was an enthusiastic Republican, and in religious faith a Universalist. His first wife died when her son, Erwin B., was an infant. Her other children were two daughters who died in childhood, and Flora, Mrs. Ruseling, who died in Eleva, Wis., in 1898, when thirty-seven years of age. George W. Follett's second wife, Lamira Cummings, had two children by a previous marriage, and by her marriage with Mr. Follett became the mother of four children: Jennie; Cora; Leona; and Grace, who died when five years old. Mrs. Lamira (Cummings) Follett died at the age of seventy-three, Oct. 28, 1901.

When Erwin B. Follett was a small boy the family located in Trempealeau county, where he attended the public schools, afterward spending two years at Jefferson Liberal Institute, Jefferson, Wis. In 1880 he went to Wadena, Minn, where he spent two years improving a farm of wild land. He then entered the employ of the Northern Pacific Railway Company as clerk and was gradually promoted during the four years he spent in the office. He became cashier in the station at Superior in 1886, and four years later, cashier at West Superior, where he remained three years. In 1893 Mr. Follett was made agent at West Duluth for the Northern Pacific and the St. Paul & Duluth Railway Companies, but was transferred in 1897 as agent to Superior, where he has had charge of the passenger and freight business of the Northern Pacific, and he has also been local agent for the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway Company.

In 1887 Mr. Follett was married to EIvina Krenz, daughter of Henry Krenz, of Wadena. Mrs. Follett was born in Germany and came with her parents to this country in early childhood; she died in Superior in 1890, when about thirty years of age, leaving two children, Freddie and Ada, both of whom died the same year. Mr. Follett married (second) Mrs. Jeannette Henry, daughter of Mr. Weatherhead, of Zumbrota, Minn. Mr. and Mrs. Follett are communicants of the Episcopal Church, of which Mr. Follett was treasurer in 1901. He is a K. T. Mason, past master of the local lodge, and past high priest of the local chapter; also past chancellor commander of Wadena Lodge, K. of P. In political principle Mr. Follett is a Republican, but he has never been an office seeker.

Sumner St. Claire Franks
Source: Montana, Its Story and Biography, edited by Tom Stout, 1921; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

SUMNER ST. CLAIRE FRANKS, agent of the Continental Oil Company at Gilman, is one of the substantial men of the Sun River Valley. He was born at Goldfield, Wright County, Iowa, on April 7, 1866, a son of James L. Franks and grandson of John Franks.

James L. Franks was born at Nottinghamshire, England, in 1818, where he was reared and learned the butchering trade. In 1853 he came to the United States and located in Henry County, Illinois, and there became owner of a coal mine. Later he went to Tama, Iowa, where he engaged m a land business, but when he went to Goldfield, Iowa, he engaged in farming. In 1875 he made another change, going then to Wadena, Minnesota, where be continued to farm until his death in 1898. After coming to America he became a republican, and in 1880 was census taker in Wright County, Iowa, and always was prominent in the public affairs of the several communities in which he lived. The Episcopal church held his membership, and he was consistent in living up to its requirements.

The marriage of James L. Franks took place in England, when he was united with a Miss Boote. who bore him the following children: James, who lives near London, England; and John, who was a captain in the English army during the Real Rebellion in Canada, but of recent years his brother has lost track of his movements. The first Mrs. Franks died in England, and after coming to the United States James L. Franks was married to Mary Ann Burton, born on Staten Island, New York, in 1838, and died at Wadena, Minnesota, in 1904. By this marriage James L. Franks had the following children: Ben Lewis. who is a blacksmith of Cohasset, Minnesota; Florence, who married Alfred J. Caswell, a railroad man of Minneapolis, Minnesota; Martha Wright, who married Byron Waite, a farmer of Erie, Illinois; Sumner St. Claire, who was fourth in order of birth, and George, who is a ranch owner, banker and prominent citizen of Minnesota.

Sumner S. Franks was educated in the public schools of Goldfield, Iowa, remaining on his father's farm until he was twenty-two years old, at which time he took a trip through Montana, Idaho, Washington and British Columbia, the date of his first trip to Montana being 1889. In order to support himself on this trip he worked in various lines, and then in 1895 returned to Wadena, Minnesota, and assisted his father for eight years. In June, 1904 he returned to Montana, landing at Augusta on July 4 of that year, and until September 17 worked on neighboring ranches. Once more he returned to Wadena. on account of the illness of his wife, and remained there, working on the farm he owned until her death, which occurred on April 4, 1905. By the end of April of that same year he returned to Augusta and was employed in ranch work, and prospected, mined and acted as a guide in the mountains for three years. Then, until the founding of Gilman, Mr. Franks worked in the vicinity of Augusta as a rancher, but when the former place was established in 1912, he became one of its pioneers and opened up its first restaurant, which he conducted until 1916, when he engaged with the Continental Oil Company and is now its agent for this section of Lewis and Clark County. Until 1919 he was also engaged in freighting, but no longer carried on that business. Although one of the new towns of Montana, Gilman is in a flourishing condition, and Mr. Franks is proud of the fact that he did pioneer work here and can lay claim to assisting in getting things well started.

In politics Mr. Franks is a republican. He belongs to the Episcopal Church. Fraternally he is a member of Augusta Lodge No. 54, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons,- and Augusta Camp, Modern Woodmen of America. He owns a restaurant located on Central Avenue, and his residence, which is on the same thoroughfare, has mining interests and is a stockholder in the Wymont Oil and Gas Company. As one of the trustees of the Gilman Park Association he is doing much to afford the people of this community a recreation ground.

Mr. Franks was married in 1898, at Wadena, Minnesota, his wife being a native of Woodside, Oak Valley township, that state. Their only child is Richard L., who was born on May 30, 1902. He attended the Minnesota High School, and is now assisting his father. Mr. Franks was married in 1911 to Mrs. Harriet Nett, a native of Montana, born at Helena.

Lewis French
Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Nancy Overlander

French Lewis D, Fergus Falls. Manufacturer. Born Feb 7, 1877 in Aldrich Minn, son of Lewis D and Nellie M (Dower) French. Graduated from Central High School Duluth 1895. Engaged as timekpr, bkpr and mill work estimator for Scott-Graff Lumber Co 1895-1901’ trav salesman Minneapolis Sash and Door Co 1902; mngr of branch in St Paul for Stillwater Mnfg Co 1903-1904; sec and managing dir Fergus Mnfg Co 1905 to date. Member Chippewa Club.

Frank E. Gores
Source: Herringshaw's American Blue Book Of Biography, Thomas William Herringshaw, Editor, 1915; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
GORES, FRANK E., business man and jurist of Wadena, Minn., was born Dec. 15, 1888, in New Trier, Minn. He is judge of the probate court of Wadena county, Minn.

Source: The Book of Minnesotans: A Biographical Dictionary of Leading Living Men of Minnesota, edited by Albert Nelson Marquis, 1907; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
GORES, Frank E., investments; born at New Trier, Minn., Dec. 15, 1866; son of Francis and Margaretha (Wolf) Gores; attended St. Mary Sisters School, public school and St. John's University, Collegeville. Minn. Began active career in general merchandise store conducted by his father, remaining in this position, 1891-97; engaged in grocery business on his own account, later devoting attention to investments of capital. Chairman of the board of county commissioners of Wadena Co. Democrat (chairman of the Democratic county committee of Wadena Co., and member of State Democratic Central Committee). Catholic. Member C. O. of F. Married at New Trier, 1887, to Miss Veronika Ewertz. Club: Commercial. Address: Wadena, Minn.

Albert B. Hughes
Source: The Book of Minnesotans: A Biographical Dictionary of Leading Living Men of Minnesota, edited by Albert Nelson Marquis, 1907; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
HUGHES, Albert B., lawyer; born at Cambria, Blue Earth Co., Minn., Nov. 12, 1871; educated in country district school, at Mankato State Normal School and at Carleton College, Northfield, Minn. Began practice of law in 1901, at Wadena, Minn., and is now county attorney of Wadena CO. Republican. Congregationalist. Married at Kasota, Minn., Oct. 8, 1903, to Miss Pearl Moses. Address: Wadena, Minn.

Paul Emeron Kenyon
Source: The Book of Minnesotans: A Biographical Dictionary of Leading Living Men of Minnesota, edited by Albert Nelson Marquis, 1907; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
KENYON, Paul Emeron, physician; born at New Lisbon. Wis., Dec. 8, 1868; son of George P. and Josephine (Sarles) Kenyon; educated in Fargo (N. D.) High School, graduating, 1888, University of Minnesota, degree of B.S., 1892, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Ill., M.D., 1896. Practiced medicine at Minneota, Minnesota, 1896; interne at St. Barnabas Hospital, Minneapolis. 1897; located at Wadena in general practice of the profession, since Jan., 1898. Director of First National Bank of Deer Creek, Minn. Democrat. Member American and Minnesota State Medical associations. Mason; member Knights of Pythias, Delta Tau Delta and Nu Sigma Nu societies. Married at Minneapolis, Minn., Sept. 27, 1899, to Miss Ida M. Videen. Address: Wadena, Minn.

Maximillian Joseph Kern
Source: The Book of Minnesotans: A Biographical Dictionary of Leading Living Men of Minnesota, edited by Albert Nelson Marquis, 1907; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
KERN, Maximilian Joseph, physician; born at Wadena, Minn., March 17, 1881; son of Max and Mary (Hoffman) Kern; educated in district school; Wadena graded school and private tutor; St. John's University, Collegeville, Minn., 2 years, 1898-1900; Creighton Medical College, Omaha, Neb., 1900-04, graduating, degree of M.D., 1904. Member Stearns-Benton County Medical Society, Minnesota State and American Medical associations. Democrat. Roman Catholic. Member Catholic Order of Foresters, Phi Rho Sigma fraternity. Married at Freeport, Minn., June 13, 1905. to Miss Anna Welle. Address: Freeport, Minn.

Rev. John Knight, M. D.
Source: History and Biography of Central and Northern Minnesota, Geo. A. Ogle & Co., Chicago, 1904. Transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman.

Rev. John Knight, M. D., one of Wadena county's leading professional men and an exemplary citizen, resides in the village of Sebeka, where he enjoys an extensive practice.

Dr. Knight was born in New York April 5, 1850. His parents, Henry and Lois (Witt) Knight, were both natives of New York. The father enlisted in Company H, Fifty-second Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and died in the service during the Civil war.

When our subject was six years old he went with his parents to Illinois, where they remained for five years, returning to New York in 1861. He lived at home with his mother and worked on the farm, attending the public schools. In 1864 he enlisted in Company H, One Hundred and Eighty-sixth New York Volunteer Infantry, and served for nine months, to the close of the war. He was mustered out June 13, 1865. He returned to the home farm and lived with his mother, attending school and doing farm work until 1871. At this time he determined to seek his fortune further west. He reached Ottertail county, Minnesota, and located at Parker's Prairie. During his three years' residence there he served one year as pastor of the Methodist Episcopal church. From that point he went in succession to Concord, Jordan, Pine City and Rush City, and in 1878 came to Wadena. For two years he was pastor of the Methodist Episcopal church of Wadena, and then, in 1879, began the practice of medicine. He received a diploma from the state board in 1882, and since that time has been in the continuous practice of his profession. In 1899 he located at Sebeka, where he has succeeded in establishing a valuable practice. He is the present pastor of the M. E. church of Sebeka.

Dr. Knight is a Republican in political faith and has been an active participant in the public affairs of his county. For eight years he served as treasurer of Wadena county and has filled the office of assessor of Wadena township for seven years. He has accumulated considerable property and is the owner of a residence and lot in the city of Wadena valued at fifteen hundred dollars.

Dr. Knight was married in 1895, to Nora Simmons. Mrs. Knight was born in Iowa, November 14, 1870. Her parents, Samuel and Sarah Simmons are now residents of Wadena, Minnesota. To Dr. and Mrs. Knight three children have been born, namely, Nora L., Francis and Ralph. Dr. Knight is a member of the Masonic fraternity lodge of Wadena and of the G A. R. post of the same place.

John Liddell
Source: The Book of Minnesotans: A Biographical Dictionary of Leading Living Men of Minnesota, edited by Albert Nelson Marquis, 1907; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
LIDDELL, John, judge of probate; born in Scotland, March 9, 1843; son of William Liddell; came to Canada with parents the same year in which he was born; educated in public schools of Canada. Removed to Minnesota, 1867; engaged in farming, 1868-82; in partnership with John S. Campbell, in farm implement business, 1882-87; on the road as implement salesman, 1887-90: returned to retail implement business for himself, at Wadena, Minn., 1890; has been senior partner in retail implement firm of Liddell & Hocking, since 1893. Judge of probate since Nov., 1902. Republican. Congregationalist. Mason, Knight Templar. Married at Russell, Ont., Can., Feb. 14, 1881, to Miss Grace McGregor. Club: Commercial. Address: Wadena, Minn.

John Marshall
Source: History and Biography of Central and Northern Minnesota, Geo. A. Ogle & Co., Chicago, 1904. Transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman.

John Marshall needs no introduction to the people of Minnesota. He is known throughout the state and in various other states as a man of broad mind, culture and public spirit. He is the present superintendent of schools of Wadena, Minnesota, and is a thorough instructor and ranks among the best of his profession.

Mr. Marshall was born in St. Ann, Illinois in 1876, and was a son of Adolphus Marshall. His father was a grain buyer in former years, but is now engaged in the lumber business. The family came from France to America in 1847 when our subject's father was but an infant, and settled in La Salle, Illinois, where the grandfather began farming. The mother of our subject, whose maiden name was Vuline Trumble, was of Scotch-Irish descent, and her people were early settlers of Ohio.

Of a family of five children, Mr. Marshall was the fourth in order of birth. When he was five years of age the family removed to Chebanse, Illinois, where the father followed grain buying. When he was nine years of age the family took up their residence in LaMoure county, North Dakota, where they followed farming and passed through the experiences and hardships incident to pioneer life in the northwest. Our subject grew to manhood on the home farm and received but eight months schooling while at home. He aided his father in the development of the farm, drove oxen and worked at other hard farm work, caring for the farm with his mother in the winters during the father's absence. He left home at the age of fifteen years and attended school in LaMoure and working for his room and board one years, when he went to West Superior, Wisconsin, attending the high school there two years. He earned his own way through this school, and declined a good paying position in Minnesota to devote his time to getting an education, a decision which was commendable in every respect. He graduated from the Superior high school in 1893, and then returned to LaMoure county, where he followed teaching four months in the country. This school was thirty-five miles from the mails, and there were but two families patrons of the school. Mr. Marshall hunted wolves and made as much from the bounty as he did in wages teaching. He spent three months of the following year as engineer and fireman of a threshing machine, and in 1894 entered the University of Wisconsin, taking a scientific course. He spent two years in Wisconsin University and then accepted a position as assistant in charge of the national Republican college headquarters in Chicago during the memorable campaign of 1896. He spoke through Wisconsin and Illinois and organized Republican clubs throughout the United States. The object of the organization was to get college men interested in campaign work, and he succeeded in securing many orators of force and influence for the ranks of the Republican party. After the campaign Mr. Marshall entered the University of Minnesota and there completed a scientific course, graduating from that institution in 1898 with the degree of B. S. He spent the summer of 1898 lecturing in southern Minnesota and North and South Dakotas on the Cuban war. He was then elected superintendent of the Granite Falls schools and continued his work there two years, when, in 1900, he was elected to a three-years' term as superintendent of the Wadena public schools, and is now filling that office with credit. He is taking summer courses in law at Chicago and Ann Arbor, and proposes completing his education in one of the eastern colleges of note, after he completes his present term of office in Wadena. During his college course, in company with three fellow students who had debated the money question for two years at college, he compiled a publication entitled "Truth About Money." This publication had an extensive sale, but was not intended as a publication for speculation. Through this he received his appointment of the responsible position which he held under the Republican committee in 1896. Various offers from Washington have been made to Mr. Marshall from time to time, but he has declined each in order to devote his time and attention to the completion of his education.

While a student at the University of Minnesota, Mr. Marshall was elected a member of the Minnesota Magazine Board, which published a magazine for the senior class. He was a thorough student and did double work most of the time while in attendance there. While in the Wisconsin University he was president of his class for one year, and joined the Delta Tau Delta fraternity, and was manager of the Badger, a yearly publication by the juniors of that institution. He is an active athlete and an ardent sportsman, and was captain of a boat crew at Wisconsin University, and took an active part in foot ball, base ball, track athletics and other sports. He suffered a broken leg as the result of his horse falling on him during a hare and bound chase in the winter of 1900. He is a young man of strong physique, high purpose and energy, and is much esteemed among his associates and friends.

Joseph J. McKinnan
Source: The Book of Minnesotans: A Biographical Dictionary of Leading Living Men of Minnesota, edited by Albert Nelson Marquis, 1907; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
McKINNAN, Joseph J., physician: born at Alexandria, Ont, Can., July 22, 1863; son of L. W. and Catherine McKinnan; educated in public schools of native town until 16; college in Montreal and at University of Laval, graduating, degree of B.L., 1886; came to Minnesota. 1889. and was graduated from College of Medicine and Surgery, University of Minnesota, degree of M.D., 1893. In practice at Wadena, Minn., since Dec. 20, 1893. Member American Medical Association, Upper Mississippi Medical Society. Democrat. Roman Catholic. Married at Minneapolis, Minn., Sept. 19, 1894, to Miss Anna Blodgett. Address: Wadena, Minn.

Albert S. McMillan
Source: Herringshaw's Encyclopedia of American Biography of the Nineteenth Century, Thomas William Herringshaw, Editor, 1904; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
McMILLAN, ALBERT S., educator, journalist, was born Feb. 19, 1853, in CLeveland, Ohio. He received the rudiments of his education in the schools of Waverly, Iowa; and subsequently attended Cornell university of Ithaca, N. Y. He is the editor and owner of The Wadena County Journal of Wadena, Minn.; was county superintendent of schools in 1881-83; and president of the board of education of Verndale, Minn., during 1887-93.

Arthur J. Merickel
Source: The American Blue Book of Biography, Thomas William Herringshaw, Editor, 1914; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
MERICKEL, ARTHUR J., banker of Wadena, Minn., was born April 31, 1863, in Dodge county, Wis. He is president of the First National bank.

Jacob John Meyer
Source: Herringshaw's American Blue Book Of Biography, Thomas William Herringshaw, Editor, 1915; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
MEYER, JACOB JOHN, banker and merchant of Wadena, Minn., was born May 14, 1850, in Baden, Germany. He is president of the Merchant's National bank.

Carl A. Tesch
Source: The Book of Minnesotans: A Biographical Dictionary of Leading Living Men of Minnesota, edited by Albert Nelson Marquis, 1907; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
TESCH, Carl A., clergyman; born in Germany, April 27, 1867; son of Ferdinand and Fredericka Tesch; came to Minnesota with parents, 1867; educated in public schools of Hollywood, Minn., and at Northwestern College, Naperville, Ill.; married, 1st, at Wadena, Minn., to Ida Propp (now deceased); 2nd, June 8, 1899, to Miss Hattie Schoeppler. Member Evangelical Association; has served as pastor in following places in Minnesota beginning 1889: Wadena, Sleepy Eye, Frontenac, Royalton, Alexandria, Marshall, Duluth and at Faribault, since spring of 1906, Address: Faribault, Minn.

T. A. Thompson
Source: Montana, Its Story and Biography, edited by Tom Stout, 1921; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman

T. A. THOMPSON, district judge of the Eleventh Judicial District, composed of Flathead and Lincoln counties, is a young man to hold such a responsible office. He was born at Long Lake, Minnesota, March 25, 1879, a son of K. and Anna (Odegard) Thompson, and second in their family of four children.

Judge Thompson took his academic course at the University of North Dakota and his legal one at Ann Arbor, Michigan, and in the University of North Dakota, spending two years at the former and one year at the latter institution. In 1909 Judge Thompson located at Kalispell and carried on a general practice, in which he was very successful. Not long after he came to this region he was made attorney of Flathead County through appointment, and was elected to that office, making a record for himself as a fearless and energetic prosecutor that brought him prominently before the people. A vacancy occurring in the district court, he was appointed to fill it, and approval of the appointment was shown by the people in his district by his election to the office in 1916.

Judge Thompson was married at Wadena, Minnesota, to Miss Maud Longfellow, a daughter of Walter and Louise (Hitter) Longfellow. Mrs. Thompson is a graduate of the Wadena High School, and is a most charming and accomplished lady of considerable musical talent, which she has carefully cultivated. Judge and Mrs. Thompson have two children, James L. and Illa Maud. Judge Thompson is a Mason and a Shriner. Both he and Mrs. Thompson affiliate with the Congregational Church of Kalispell. In politics he gives his support to the democratic party. Few men are honored by elevation to the bench so early in life as Judge Thompson, but all are convinced that he is fully fitted by natural ability and experience for the impartial discharge of its heavy responsibilities, and the people of Kalispell are proud of the distinction which has come to them through having one of their attorneys selected for the office.

Henry Wells Rice
Source: Herringshaw's American Blue Book Of Biography, Thomas William Herringshaw, Editor, 1915; transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman
RICE, HENRY WELLS, banker of Eagle Bend, Minn., Was born July 12, 1870, in Wadena, Minn. He is cashier of the First National bank.

Matthew Williams
Source: History and Biography of Central and Northern Minnesota, Geo. A. Ogle & Co., Chicago, 1904. Transcribed by Mary Kay Krogman.

In compiling a list of the pioneers of Wadena county, Minnesota, who have aided materially in making of that region a thriving agricultural district, a prominent place must be accorded the gentleman whose name heads this personal history. For over twenty years Mr. Williams has been identified with the history and development of Thomastown township, and his labors to this end are well known to all who reside in that community. He now has a pleasant home in section nineteen, where he enjoys the contentment which comes from the knowledge of duties well and faithfully done.

Mr. Williams was born in England, October 4, 1851. His father, John E. Williams, was born in England, July 5, 1823, and the mother of our subject, Martha (Chamley) Williams, was a native of the same isle, and was born October 1, 1821. At the age of fifteen years Mr. Williams came to America, and at once made his way to Wisconsin, where he resided eleven years, assisting his father with the management of the home farm, and also engaged in farming on his own account. He received his education in the schools of England and David's Academy in Chester, England, and he also attended the schools of Wisconsin after taking up his residence in America. In 1879 he disposed of his interests in Wisconsin and purchased a farm of 120 acres in section 19 of Thomastown township, and made his home there in a small frame house. He had a straw barn, and used oxen for his farm work for the first ten years. He is now the owner of 240 acres of land, of which he has placed 130 acres under high cultivation and the balance is devoted to pasture and timber. His residence is comfortable and neat in every detail, and the other buildings of the farm are in keeping with the same. He has a good supply of machinery for conducting the place, and the land is admirably adapted to diversified farming. He keeps a number of horses for farm use and driving, and has all conveniences in the way of vehicles for family driving. The land of the farm is well watered by a creek which runs through the pasture and a fine grove on the place completes a valuable farm and a home of comfort.

Mr. Williams was married in 1877 to Fannie Vosberg. Mrs. Williams was born in Wisconsin, February 3, 1859. Eight children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Williams, namely: Raymond J., Helen. Alice, Vida B., Arthur G., Everett O., Gerald, and Millie. The family are members of the Methodist Episcopal church and are widely known and universally esteemed. Mr. Williams served as county commissioner of Wadena county for four years, and he has ever taken an active part in local public affairs. He served as township clerk and justice of the peace, and is especially interested in educational matters, having served as school treasurer and director of the board for eighteen years. In August, 1901, he was appointed state grain inspector, with headquarters at Minneapolis. He is a member of the Modern Brotherhood of America, and politically is identified with the principles of the Republican party.

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