William Forbes Adams

Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. Vol. I. Boston, MA, USA: The Biographical Society, 1904


ADAMS, William Forbes, second bishop of Easton, and 109th in succession in the American Episcopate, was born in Enniskillen, Ireland, Jan. 2, 1833. At an early age he was brought to America by his parents, who settled in Kentucky. Young Adams was fitted for Yale, but pecuniary reverses attendant upon the failure of his father in business, obliged him to forego his plans. He bravely accepted the change in his circumstances, obtained a mercantile situation, and in his leisure time studied law. At the age of twenty-one he was admitted to the Mississippi bar. He removed to Tennessee, and pursued his theological studies with a view to entering the church; he returned to Mississippi before the completion of his course, and was ordained a deacon in St. Andrew's church, Jackson, Miss., in 1859; he was admitted to full orders July 29, 1860. His first charge, which he held for six years, was St. Paul's, Woodville, Miss.; in 1866 he became rector of St. Peter's, New Orleans, and took charge of St. Paul's in the same city the following year, where he remained until his consecration as first missionary bishop of New Mexico and Arizona, in 1875. He accepted the duties of his charge with every promise of abundant success, but the fatigues of the long and painful journeys, necessary in so new and extensive a diocese, undermined a constitution already impaired by his ministrations to sufferers from yellow fever in Louisiana, and compelled his resignation, which in 1877 was accepted by the house of bishops. From 1876 to 1887 Dr. Adams was rector of Holy Trinity, Vicksburg, Miss., when he was again elected to the episcopal (sic) office, as bishop of Easton. He received the degree of D.C.L. from the University of the South, Sewanee, Tenn.



James Lusk Alcorn

Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. Vol. I. Boston, MA, USA: The Biographical Society, 1904

Senate Years of Service: 1871-1877
Party: Republican

ALCORN, James Lusk, senator, was born near Golconda, Ill., Nov. 4, 1816. He was graduated from Cumberland College, Kentucky, taking up his residence in that state, and in 1843 he served one term in the state legislature. In 1844 he went to Mississippi to practice law, and between the years 1846 and 1865 he represented his district in the state legislature for sixteen years, serving in both branches. In 1852 he was an elector on the national Whig electoral ticket, and in 1857 was nominated for governor by the Whigs, but declined. In 1858 he was an unsuccessful candidate for representative in Congress. The levee system was founded by him, and he was chosen president of the levee board. At the breaking out of the civil war he was appointed by the State Secession convention brigadier-general, but when his brigade entered the Confederate army, President Davis refused to commission him, on account of political differences. He was elected United States senator in 1865, but did not take his seat, as Mississippi was under provisional government and not allowed congressional representation. In 1869 he was elected governor by the republicans, but resigned in 1871, having been elected to the U. S. senate, where he remained until 1877, when he was succeeded by L. Q. C. Lamar. In 1873 he was the unsuccessful candidate for governor. In 1890 he served as a member of the State constitutional convention. He died at Eagle Nest, Miss., Dec. 20, 1894.



Henry Watkins Allen

Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. Vol. I. Boston, MA, USA: The Biographical Society, 1904

ALLEN, Henry Watkins, governor, was born in Prince Edward county, Va., April 29, 1820. He was educated at the Collegiate institute, Marionville, Mo., studied law; was admitted to the bar, and practised (sic) at Grand Gulf, Miss. He married in 1842, Salome Crane of Rodney, Miss., and in that year raised and commanded a company under Gen. Houston in the war between Texas and Mexico. He was a representative in the Mississippi legislature in 1846; engaged in sugar-planting at West Baton Rouge, La., and was elected to the Louisiana legislature in 1853. He studied law at Harvard in 1854; sailed for Italy in 1859, intending to enlist with Garibaldi, but found the war was over, and made a tour of Europe. He served a second term in the Louisiana legislature, enlisted in the Confederate army in 1861, and became colonel of the 4th Louisiana regiment and military governor of Jackson, Miss. He distinguished himself at Shiloh, Baton Rouge and Vicksburg; was promoted brigadier-general in 1864, and was elected governor of Louisiana. He returned to the city of Mexico in 1866, and established the "Mexican Times." He died in the city of Mexico, April 22, 1867.



John M. Allen

Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. Vol. I. Boston, MA, USA: The Biographical Society, 1904

ALLEN, John M., representative, was born in Tishomingo county, Miss., July 8, 1847. He received a common-school education, and at the age of fifteen enlisted in the Confederate army, in which he served as a private throughout the civil war. He then studied law at the Cumberland university, Tenn., and at the University of Mississippi, where he was graduated in 1870. He opened a law office at Tupelo, Lee county, and in 1875 was chosen district attorney for the first judicial district of Mississippi, and served for four years. In 1884 he was elected to represent his district in the 49th Congress, and was returned to the 50th, 51st, 52d, 53d, 54th, 55th and 56th Congresses. He became universally known as "Private Allen," through a happy repartee which he made in a political speech during the canvass for his first election to Congress. In a joint debate his competitor opened his speech with: "Fellow citizens, I slept one night in a tent on the mountainside, awaiting the battle on the morrow." When he had finished his speech, Allen rose to his feet and said: "Friends and fellow citizens, what General Tucker has told you about sleeping in his tent that night before the battle is true. I know, for I was guarding that tent all night long in the cold and the wet. Now, I want to say to all of you who were generals in the war, and slept at night in your guarded tents, vote for him; but all you fellows that guarded the generals' tents in the wet and cold, like me, you vote for 'Private Allen.'" Allen was triumphantly elected. In Congress he showed himself a ready and effective debater.[p.68]

Source for the below biography:
ALLEN, John Mills, (1846 - 1917)
ALLEN, John Mills, a Representative from Mississippi; born in Tishomingo County, Miss., July 8, 1846; attended the common schools; during the Civil War enlisted as a private in the Confederate Army and served throughout the war; attended the law school of Cumberland University, Lebanon, Tenn., and was graduated from the law department of the University of Mississippi in 1870; was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Tupelo, Lee County, Miss.; district attorney for the first judicial district of Mississippi 1875-1879; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-ninth and to the seven succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1885-March 3, 1901); chairman, Committee of Expenditures in the Department of Justice (Fifty-second Congress), Committee on Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River (Fifty-third Congress); declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1900 to the Fifty-seventh Congress; appointed in March 1901 a United States commissioner to the St. Louis Exposition of 1904; resumed the practice of law in Tupelo, Miss., and died there October 30, 1917; interment in Glenwood Cemetery.

James Mason Arnold 

Courts, Judges, and Lawyers of Mississippi, 1798-1935, By Dunbar Rowland, B.S., LL.B., LL.D., Press of Hederman Press, Jackson, Mississippi, 1935, pgs 117-119 

James Mason Arnold, chief justice of the supreme court of the State of Mississippi, was born in Elbert county, Georgia, October 21, 1838.  he was the son of Wilton Jackson Arnold and Edna Ann Beall Arnold.

His parents removed from Georgia to Mississippi during his infancy and settled on a farm.  They were unable to educate their large family of children beyond the free schools of Mississippi.  Judge Arnold attended the public sixteenth section school of Concord Church on the Starkville road between Columbus and Mayhew.  Later, through the interest of Honorable John T. Connell, Thomas Bell, and his son James R. Bell, he was brought to the attention of John A. Foster, afterwards chancellor of the Mobile chancery court district, who was teaching a high school at Monticello, Mississippi.  Mr. Foster offered to admit young Arnold to his school without compensation, and to pay him for teaching primary grades several hours of the day.  After attending this school for a year he took charge of the school at Concord Church, where he taught for a year.  The he entered the University of Mississippi in 1855, graduating in 1858.

While Arnold was a student at the university he heard the joint debate between L. Q. C. Lamar, then a young man of thirty-two years of age, and James L. Alcorn.  Lamar was the nominee of the Democratic party for congress, and Alcorn the nominee of the Whigs, and of the debate Judge Arnold wrote the following graphic description:

“While at the university I witnessed a joint political discussion between Gov. James L. Alcorn, who was then the strong and aggressive leader of the Whig party in Mississippi, and Col. L. Q. C. Lamar, in the first race made by Judge Lamar for congress, and in which he was elected over Governor Alcorn.  There were thousands of enthusiastic partisans of each side present, and music and beauty and generous rivalry and patriotic ardor lent their attractions to the scene.  It was a contest between giants conducted with the utmost courtesy and decorum, over great principles and policies.  The older and more experience Whig leader, who had but few equals in his State as a political speaker, spoke well, and conducted his lines of assault defense with consummate skill and ability, but it was generally conceded that he had found his match in the young Harry Percy of Democracy, from Georgia.  I have never before or since witness such a discussion.  It was an inspiration to everybody, instructive to the young, refreshing to the old, and elevating in all its aspects.”

After leaving the university Arnold returned to the school at Concord Church, and taught there until the outbreak of the War between the States when he resigned to enlist in the Confederate army. He joined a volunteer company, which was ordered into action in the spring of 1861.  He served as a private in the Columbus Riflemen, Company K, Fourteenth Mississippi Regiment, throughout the war, except during the period of his imprisonment at Camp Douglas, Chicago, after the fall of Fort Donelson.  He was slightly wounded at that battle, but was not in either case disabled for further service/

In 1863, while he was serving in the army, he was elected to the Mississippi legislature, from Lowndes county.  He attended the session of the legislature, declining to accept the exemption from military service that the law provided for members of that body, and returned to the army when the sessions were over.  He was re-elected to the legislature at the next session after the war.  He was admitted to the bar at Columbus, Mississippi.  At the end of the term he was reappointed without opposition.  Before the expiration of his second term, upon petition from the bar and citizens of the district, he was appointed by the governor of Mississippi to the office of associate justice of the supreme court of the State.  Two years later he was made chief justice of the supreme court, holding that position until 1889, when he resigned because of failing health and his desire to get back into the practice of law.

Removing to Birmingham, Alabama, he formed a law partnership with Col. George A. Evans (formerly of Columbus, Miss.), and continued to practice law in that city, until his death.  Judge Arnold was twice married; his first wife was Orline Lowry, daughter of Col. And Mrs. Robert Lowry, of Baldwyn, Mississippi.  They had two children, Orline Lowry and Jemmy.  Judge Arnold’s second wife was Florence Lowry, daughter of Colonel and Mrs. Robert Lowry, of Baldwyn, Mississippi, and this union was blessed with five children: Frances Lowry Arnold who married Ferdinand DeBardeleben; Nellie Louise Arnold who married Jesse LaFayette Drennen; James Mason Arnold, Jr., and Daniel Webster Arnold and Prentiss Arnold who died in infantry.

Judge Arnold was a devout member of the Baptist church and up to the time of his death was the teacher of a large class in the Sunday school of the First Baptist church of Birmingham.  He died in Birmingham, Alabama, in July 1897.  he belonged to the order of Masons, and was buried at his old home in Columbus, Mississippi, with Masonic honors.



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