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Is situated in the extreme
north-western part of the State. This is a new county-first settled in
1840, and in 1860 had 4663 inhabitants. About one-half of the county is
level and undulating, and the other half somewhat broken-commonly calling
"rolling" land. The soil is fertile and well adapted to farming and
grazing purposes. Corn, wheat, oats, hemp, and tobacco, are the principal
products. Farmers and mechanics are greatly needed, land is cheap, good
water power, unimproved upon the Nishnabotana, Tarkeo, and Rock Creek.
Facilities for reaching market are offered by the Missouri River, which
washes the western border of the county, and the St.Joseph and Council
Bluffs' railroad in course of construction, which will traverse the
county. See statistical tables for population, amount of unentered land,
Established: Feb. 14, 1845
Parent County: Holt County
The boundaries for Allen County were defined in 1843 and attached to Holt County in 1845.
Atchison County was organized out of this territory and Allen County repealed.
County Seat: Rock Port
Named After: David Rice Atchison, United States senator