Benton County, Missouri
The Slicker War
(From the book, "Water Over The Dam")
The Slicker War was a feud between not the Hatfield's and McCoy's but between the Turks and the Joneses, The Turks moved to Benton County from Tennessee around 1839 and settled in the south part of the county in an area then known as Judy's Gap but now called Quincy. They opened a small store and a dram shop and with the exception of lacking the dram shop, Quincy hasn't changed too much since in its shopping facilities. The Turks were said to be tall, handsome men. Old Colonel Hiram Turk sired the boys-James, Thomas, Nathan and Robert and they were all men with more than the average degree of intelligence and education, courtesy and dignity. They also had the reputation of being quarrelsome, violent men, with dark moods that often led some of the sons to imbibe of Old Demon more than infrequently. * * * We're not sure where the Joneses came from, Tennessee or Kentucky, perhaps. But the four brothers - Andrew, Samuel, Isaac and John had settled in Benton County even before the Turks and lived on the Big Pomme de Terre, just above the Breshears' prairie. Early histories say they were prominent among the early settlers as horse racers and that they liked nothing better than to indulge in a game of chance. Not possessing the education of the Turk boys, they also were men of manners not quite as refined as those of the Turks, for the Jones had been reared in the wild and wooly border society so often found where men had pushed westward to make homes in the wilderness. But good manners notwithstanding, the Turks were the ones who had the reputation for picking a fight. And a number of people reported they had been set upon, for the slimmest of reasons, by an angry, lickered up Turk. And these people, naturally, didn't exactly wish the Turks "Best of Luck" in any of their undertakings.
The Slicker War probably had its beginning during the 1840 election.
Voters cast their ballots at the Turk home. And Andrew Jones and James Turk got into an argument over:
1. A bet on a horse race.
2. Accusation of the Turks that the Jones had been passing counterfeit money in the store and dram shop that day.
The passing years have clouded the Slicker War story a bit and nobody's sure which, if either, was the reason for the brawl. But brawl there was! Jones proposed a fistfight with James Turk to settle things. But during the fight, Tom Turk stepped into his house, got a knife and lunged at Jones. A grand and glorious election day row followed, with all the voters and onlookers taking part. And a few days later, when Circuit Court met, Tom, James and Robert Turk were indicted for starting a riot and James Turk and the old Colonel were charged with an assault on Andrew Jones. The first three were fined $100 (the fine remitted by the Governor) but the case against the Colonel and James was continued until the next term of court. One of the chief witnesses against the two was to be one of their neighbors, Abraham Nowell, a quiet and soft spoken and respectable citizen who lived near Judy's Gap. - The Turks swore openly that he'd never testify against them. And on the day court was to convene, as Nowell rode to Warsaw with another Turk neighbor named Julius Sutliff, James Turk stopped them at pistol point, just as their mounts started to cross one of the little creeks So prevalent in the southern part of the county. "What do you want?" demanded Sutliff. "I'm going to take that damned old s--b off his horse," said Turk, waving his pistol at Nowell, "and I'm going to horsewhip him until he won't be able to get to court or anyplace else for awhile." He advanced toward Nowell, still flourishing his pistol. Nowell didn't just sit there. He grabbed Sutliff's pistol and fired at Turk, who fell mortally wounded.
Nowell told by his friends that the Turks would kill him, fled the county. The Turks mourned their dead son and brother but managed to keep busy. At least, the court records show they were busily engaged in lawsuits against this neighbor or that over one trifling matter or another. The old log courthouse was a busy place those days. . . Then came the kidnapping. And that's when the animosity between the Joneses and Turks really began to build up. It seems that a man named James Morton was charged with murder down in Alabama, for killing a sheriff who was trying to arrest him on some charge or another. Morton managed to get Out of Alabama and to the Warsaw area. (He was related, by marriage, to the Jones family, and also related to Judge George Alexander. One of the most prominent early settlers, through his marriage to the Judge's sister, Luanna. Eleven years later, a man called McReynolds appeared at the sheriff's office in Warsaw with a copy of an indictment against Morton and a copy of the Alabama governor's proclamation offering $400 reward for Morton's return to that state. The sheriff at Warsaw said "No." "Well, " countered McReynolds, "I'll sure as hell find somebody who'll help me." And he leaped on his horse and headed south, across the Osage. He stopped at the dram shop in Judy's Gap. And he found that the Turks would be more than happy to help him round-up any kinsman, even an in-law, of the Jones family.
A party was made up of the old Colonel, his son Tom and several friends and poor James Morton didn't stand a chance. He was grabbed from behind and hogtied, as he was working at his mill on the eve of a wooded clearing. And after being taken to a farmhouse for the night, the Turk company crossed the river at Warsaw on the ferry and headed out for Alabama. Louanna Morton, meanwhile, had managed to get word to Judge Alexander and he rounded up a company of friends who set out in pursuit of the Turks across the state. All to no avail, and they returned, angry and tired, to the county seat. (Louanna was a good wife and a determined one. When she saw the party returning without her husband, she wasted no time. She leaped on her own horse, rode at breakneck speed from the little village of Fairfield all the way to St. Louis, hardly pausing to rest her mount. She then took a riverboat down the Mississippi and got to Alabama in time to sit with her husband at his trial and to see him acquitted. Judge Alexander did more than worry about what was happening to Louanna on her long ride to the Mississippi. He saw to it that old Colonel Hiram Turk was arrested on a kidnapping charge. But the Turks had more' than a few legal strings they could pull too and the indictment was quashed. And tempers were rising to murderous heats, especially over at the Jones homestead. With a group of their friends, and Morton's friends, and residents whom the Turks had angered on other matters, they met at the home of a man named Archibald Cock and entered into an agreement-a written agreement-to kill old Hiram Turk. They also agreed that, for their own protection, any of their company~ who divulged the conspiracy, would also have a bullet marked With his name. On the 17th of July, 1841, old Col. Turk was riding home from a law suit held at the home of Squire Alex Breshears. He was shot from ambush, mortally wounded and taken to his home to die. Circuit Court was in session and Andrew Jones was indicted for murder, with several others in the group indicted for conspiracy to kill. Jones was tried. And acquitted. The conspiracy indictment was dropped for each of the others. And the Turk boys were angrier, if possible, than the Jones boys had been when James Morton was so stealthily bound and spirited away to Alabama. They were determined to do two things: 1. To obtain a confession as to just who had fired the shot that killed their father. 2. To drive the Jones family and their chief friends from Benton County. Since their prime objective was to find out who had pulled the trigger that released the bullet that took the life of Col. Turk they decided to question everybody who might be able to tell them. They weren't too original. And in their deadly pursuit of vengeance, they followed the Jones' plan of forming a company of their friends to carry out their objectives, There was one difference. - This wasn't a secret group. They announced its formation. They had organized, they told the people of Warsaw, "to drive out horse thieves, counterfeiters and murderers from the country." Of course, everybody knew just who they meant. They knew there was bad blood between the Turks and Joneses, They knew the Joneses had been accused of passing counterfeit bills at the Turk dram shop. And they also knew that some of the Jones men had been brought to trial in connection with horse thefts, although the trials had always resulted in acquittals. The people started taking sides. And for one reason or another, some very prominent people joined. up with the Turks. Or with the Joneses, And when the Turk company rallied. on Friday, January 28,1842, they started a bloodbath that lasted. for some time. And they punctuated- their questions with the searing cuts of a hickory switch. It worked this way: The Turk party would go to the home of some unfortunate countian, often arriving to find him greeting them at gunpoint, or, if caught unaware, trembling inside his house. He would be lured out of his home by promises that he wouldn't be hurt, then tied to a tree and slicked with hickory switches until the blood poured into a pool and his gasps that he knew nothing of Hiram Turk's murder growing more faint by the minute. Often the victim would be tied to the tree and left there for a spell before being beaten. The Turks would then build a campfire and cook their dinner, laughing at his pleas to be unbound and sometimes roasting the hickory switches over the fire as they called out: "We're fixing some supper for you, too, and then maybe we can have a little conversation." Some men died from the beatings. And the whole county was thrown into a state of intense excitement. The Jones group didn't sit still for punishment. They swore out warrants against the Turks and others in their group for the beatings. The Turks retaliated. with more warrants. Legal battles became even more numerous than the slickings. Charges were varied. The Turk group, for example, got Andy Jones indicted on the charge that he's "stolen John Woods' bull and killed him to use as beef at the Christmas frolic" held just a few days after he had been acquitted of killing Hiram Turk. . The slickings continued. Excitement mounted. and grew so great that the militia was called out, under the direction of Col. D. C. Ballou (from whose family name Blue Branch evolved). Capt. John Holloway, who'd had experience in the Black Hawk war, also was called in to help, in case the situation got completely out of hand. The indictments continued. Fist fights and gun fights grew more prevalent. And finally both the Jones "army" and the Turk "army", with each company numbering more than 100 men, marched on Warsaw, each set up headquarters in a building there. We hate to let you down here, but nothing much happened. Just more minor skirmishes and altercations There were minor altercations, however. - And the Turks, on one occasion when the Joneses were advancing toward their headquarters house, yelled out the window: "We're warning you - we've got a cannon." And when they stuck an old stove pipe out the window to prove their point, the advancers retreated fast. The war parties finally left town. But the slickings and threats continued and, with public sentiment turning toward the Turks and against the Jones, many of the men prominent in the Jones group did leave the county, never to return and when their trials came up at the next term of court, their bonds were forfeited. This just about ended the Slicker war as such, but a number of terrible tragedies growing out of it took place during the next two years. In the Spring of April 1842, Abraham C. Nowell was tried for the murder of James Turk and acquitted. That summer, there was an assault on Archibald Cock by Robert Turk. In October of that year, the Turks announced that they were going to take justice in their own hands and "get Nowell." And Nowell was shot, early in the morning, as, barely awake he came out the front door of his home with a water bucket in his hand. Then the Turk men started fighting among themselves and a number of them met violent deaths. They managed to rally together long enough, however, to start searching for Andy Jones, when they were informed he'd returned to the county. And they gave one farmer, Samuel Yates, a severe beating with a cowhide when he protested that he did not have Jones hidden in his home. (As they struggled to tie the bucking and kicking Yates to a tree, his wife managed to get into their home for a gun, but she was restrained by men in the Turk party before she could fire a shot.)
Thirty-eight men, some of them among Warsaw's most prominent citizens, were indicted for Yates' beating. But the case was dismissed against most of them and all but one of the others acquitted. (He protested bitterly that he was the only one fined because he was the only one who had attempted to show mercy to Yates.) The Turk boys were also indicted but never brought to trial. Tom Turk was shot dead as he was returning from a blacksmith shop, where he'd been having his horse shod prior to leaving for Kentucky. A member of his own company, Isaac Hobbs, pulled the trigger, as the last blow in a fight he'd been having with Turk over the shooting of Abraham Nowell. Hobbs was arrested, broke jail at Warsaw, fled to Potosi, was retaken, again escaped jail and fled to Tennessee, where he ended life riddled with bullets as he attempted to escape arrest there. Nathan Turk followed the Jones group to Texas. He was instrumental in having Andy Jones, Harvey White, Loud Ray and perhaps some other members of the Jones party hanged there, on charges of stealing horses and firing at supposedly friendly Indians. Then Nathan Turk himself was killed in a fight, down. in Shreveport, Louisiana. And all the Turks were gone-with the exception of the youngest son Robert and the old Colonel's wife. She is said to have been a gentle woman, who deplored all the violence of the men folk in her family. Shortly after the death of her son Tom, she returned to Kentucky with Robert. And out of all grief that emerged from the Slicker War, perhaps hers was the greatest and heaviest. And perhaps her answer to anyone asking why her husband and sons had embarked on such a violent path during their lifetimes might have been the same as that given by Sgt. Alvin York's mother, when a daughter the wise but word-sparse old mountain lady,"Ma, why are they a-fighting? "I don't rightly know", she sighed "I don't rightly know."
While Judge Lay's history tells of the episode of the Turks putting the Joneses to flight by sticking a stove pipe out the window, claiming that it was a cannon, Charles Pancoast tells of a real cannon being used in one of the encounters, too. He recalled how, as he was working in his pharmacist's shop, a Warsawian ran into the store breathlessly told him to "bring all the army he had" and come to the hotel. Pancoast did and found a number of leading citizens of Warsaw assembly there, carrying all types of weapons, including pistols and bowie knive That was when he saw Tom Turk for the first time (later writing the description given above). Turk told Warsawians, (most of whom sided with the Turks and were Slickers), that the anti-Slickers were coming to town to kill him. In just a few minutes, a band of 300 men were seen on the opposite side of the Osage. They forded the river and rode up within 50 yards of the hotel, "They were led by a horse thief Ise Hobbs," Pancoast later wrote, "and Hobbs was assisted by a Hickory County constable who had the reputation of being a dangerous desperado. The anti-Slickers called out that they had a warrant for Turk's arrest. Old Colonel Vaughn, commander of the Benton County militia, had an old cannon. He ran to the window and fired over the heads of the anti-Slicker, "although Turk urged direct fire." The anti slickers fled in great disorder to the river.
MORE ABOUT THE SLICKER WAR
If you read through the preceding account of the Slicker War in Benton County, you might possibly be interested in some additional material about it. We found a description of the famous Tom Turk, for example. He was a striking looking gentleman in that day and age and would be today "Turk was about 6 feet, 8 inches in height, with a large Eagle nose, dark eyes and complexion, long, curly black hair hanging down the back of his hunting shirt and an expression of the fierceness of a lion. "He wore lye-colored pants girded with a red belt and silver buckle and high boots, from which the handle of a bowie knife peered out. Another knife was in his shirt at the back of his neck. A pistol was in his belt and a rifle in his hand. "This walking armory was the famous Tom Turk chief of the Slicker of Benton County." Turk apparently created a sensation when he walked into early business establishments so think what the reaction would be were it possible for him to saunter into, say, the Muehlebach Hotel in Kansas City today. We'd also like to see him meet up with some of these long-hair toughs and beatniks so prevalent in some elements of our younger generation,
While Judge Lay's history tells of the episode of the Turks putting the Joneses to flight by sticking a stovepipe out the window, claiming that it was a cannon, Charles Pancoast tells of a real cannon being used in one of the encounters, too. He recalled how, as he was working in his pharmacist's shop, a Warsawian ran into the store breathlessly told him to "bring all the arms he had" and come to the hotel. Pancoast did and found a number of leading citizens of Warsaw assembled there, carrying all types of weapons, including pistols and bowie knives. That was when he saw Tom Turk for the first time (later writing the description given above). Turk told Warsawians, (most of whom sided with the Turks and were Slickers), that the anti-Slickers were coming to town to kill him. In just a few minutes, a band of 300 men were seen on the opposite side of the Osage. They forded the river and rode up within 50 yards of the hotel. "They were led by a notorious bushwhacker and horse thief named Ise Hobbs," Pancoast later wrote, "and Hobbs was assisted by a Hickory County constable who had the reputation of being a dangerous desperado." 'The anti-Slickers called out that they had a warrant for Turk's arrest. Old Colonel Vaughn, commander of the Benton County militia, had an old cannon. He ran to the window and fired over the heads of the anti-Slickers, "although Turk urged direct fire." The anti -Slickers fled in great disorder to the river. * * *
The anti-Slickers, incidentally, were generally affiliated with the Democrats and the Slickers with the Whigs. here is another version to the part of the Slicker War story which deals with the widow of Old Col. Hiram Turk. The one we were given, and used, said she was a gentle woman who deplored violence. Another version, however, tells how she took part in the family feud, toward its conclusion, and goes this way: When Tom Turk was shot from ambush, his horse returned home. The mother saw the blood on the saddle, armed herself with a rifle and pistol and set out in search of her son, whom she found lying dead. She managed, alone, to place the body of her giant son on the horse and get him home. Tom's brother, Jim Turk, was then elected Slicker captain and was killed. The grieving mother then announced she would head the band and some say she operated it in such a deadly manner, authorities were forced to step in. She was killed when she was thrown from a horse, this account concludes.
LAST SURVIVOR OF SLICKER WAR
From The Enterprise January, 1909
William Walls, aged, 84, an old resident of St. Louis who was engaged in the "Slicker War" in Benton County died on New Year's Eve, December 31, 1908. Walls is believed to be the last survivor of the Slicker War. He had a store at Warsaw, which was destroyed by Union forces under General McKinstry's command in August, 1862. Six years later, he tried to collect a claim of $10,000 against the United States government but was unsuccessful, congressman Bartholdt was interested of late and consented to introduce a special bill in Congress to aid the aged man.
The Mexican War
When United States President James K. Polk called up troops to form the Army of the West for a war against Mexico in 1846, the response from Benton County was immediate and enthusiastic. Many local folks were related to residents of the Texas area so it is no great wonder that there was a lot of interest in the war. This may have been due to the fact that Bledsoe's Ferry on the Osage military road crossing at Kaysinger was a principal route for Missourians going into the great southwest and it was easy to be swept along with the great tide of emigration. Missourians generally had begun to move into the Texas area after Mexico revolted against Spain in the early 1820's and there were already a good many Americans there when Texas began her war of independence in 1835. Few prominent families in Missouri had no relatives living in Texas when the Mexican hostilities broke out in the Rio Grande-Nueces River area in April, 1846. The Benton Countians answered a call from President Polk to form a second command to reinforce a first group, already in what is now New Mexico under the command of General Stephen Kearney and Colonel Alexander W. Doniphan, both Missourians. The initial command, called up in April, 1846, consisted of volunteers from Jackson, Lafayette, Clay, Saline, Franklin, Cole, Howard and Callaway Counties. The second group, called up in the summer of 1846, and named the Second Missouri Mounted Volunteers, consisted of 12 Company men from Boone, Benton, Carroll, Chariton, Linn, Livingston, Monroe, Randolph, Ste, Genevieve and St. Louis Counties. The 2nd Missouri troops were under Colonel Sterling Price and consisted of a full mounted regiment, a mounted extra battalion of Mormon infantry and heavy artillery. A member of Congress at the time, Price resigned to take up the command.
The companies rendezvoused at Ft. Leavenworth and were mustered with these officers August 1, 1846: From Boone, Captain McMillan; Benton, Captain Holloway; Carroll, Williams; Chariton, Holley; Linn, Barbee; Livingston, Slack; Monroe, Giddings; Randolph, H. Jackson; St. Genevieve, Horine; St. Louis, Dent. These composed the 2nd Regiment. Despite the fact the President had designated Price their commander, the men thought he ought to be chosen by their free suffrage or some other man in his stead,
so they held an election to name their commander. Price retained the command. D. D. Mitchell was named Lt. Commander and Capt. Edmondson, Major; R. Walker, Adjutant; Stewart, Sgt. Major; Dr. May, surgeon; A. Wilson, sutler. This was Benton County's first representative body to serve in any war. Almost entirely young men from farm families, each furnished his own horse and many laughable incidents occurred as they readied themselves for the long hard ride from Fort Leavenworth to their objective, Santa Fe, Mexico.
"Horses generally were wild, fiery and ungovernable," wrote Col. John T. Hughes in his "Expedition To Mexico." "They were wholly unused to military trappings and equipment. Amid the flitting of banners, sounding of bugles, rattling of artillery and sabres, clattering of cooking utensils, etc., some horses took fright and scattered pell-mell both rider and arms over the wide prairie. Rider, arms, accoutrements, saddle saddle-bags tin cups and coffee pots were left far behind and turned'
up in odd places on that same prairie land for many years." The long trek to the war took 50 days for these Benton Countians:
MEXICAN WAR VOLUNTEERS 1846-1847
Muster Roll of soldiers from this area serving under Captain John Holloway of Warsaw, as retained in the National Archives, Washington,D. C.
MUSTER ROLL Of Captain John Holloway company, in the 2nd Regiment (brigade), of Missouri Mounted Volunteers, commanded by Colonel Sterling Price, called into the service of the United States by the President thereof under the act of Congress approved May 13, 1846, from the 31st day of January, 1847, when last mustered, to the 30th day of April, 1847 when mustered for pay.
JOHN HOLLOWAY, Captain, enrolled July 22, 1846 in Benton County; mustered into service July 30, 1846 at Fort Leavenworth by 2nd Lt. E. E. McLean by Paymaster D. Spalding; from place of discharge home 150 miles; valuation of horse $55.00; horse equipment $18.00.
WILLIAM P. SMITH, 1st Lt., (same as Capt. Holloway); $45 horse valuation; $18.00 equipment.
ROBERT D. FOSTER, 2nd Lt. (same) horse $50.00; equipment $12.50.
DAVID T. ALEXANDER, 2nd Sgt., (same), horse $55.00; equipment $12.50.
ROLIN CHILDS, 3rd Sgt., $50.00 horse; equipment $6.00.
S. D. CLARK, 4th Sgt., forage rations furnished himself $27.87 for 223 days; discharged on March 31, 1847, upon certification of surgeon D. Comp. for general disability.
FRANKLIN E. GLOVER, 3rd Cpl., $30.00; $6.00.
DAVID E. HEDGPATH, 4th Cpl., $35.00; $6.00.
JOSEPH S. BUTCHER, Bugler, $50.00; $18.00.
WILLIAM COX, Flag Bearer, $40.00; $6.00.
GEORGE M. ALEXANDER, Private, Pd. June 27, 1849 for forage rations $27.87; $35.00; $15.00; discharged on March 31: 1847 upon certification of surgeon D Compo for general disability.
CURTIS T. ALCORN, Private, Pd. forage rations $27.87; $50.00; $6.00; discharged March 31, 1847, upon certification of surgeon D Compo for general disability.
JAMES BROWDER, Pvt., $55.00; $15.00.
WILLIAM BROWDER, Pvt., $50 00; $6.110.
WILLIAM H. (7) BARNETT, Pvt., $50.00; $6.00.
ALBERT C. BLAKEY, Pvt., $50.00; $15.00.
JOHN BIGHAM, Pvt., $30.00; $6.00; discharged March 31 1847 upon certification of surgeon Compo D, for general disability.
THOMAS I. CHILDS, Pvt., Pd. for 223 days of forage rations Aug. 9, 1848, $27.87; $30.00; $6.00.
RICHARD W. DARTON, Pvt., $55.00; $15.00.
WILLIAM I. DAVIS, Pvt., $40.00; $6.00.
SAMUEL S. DOAK, Pvt., $50 00; $12.50.
IDRAM C. FEWELL, Pvt., Pd. $27.87 for 223 days forage rations; value horse, $55.00; equipment $6.00. Discharged March 31, 1847 by surgeon Company D for general disability.
WILLIAM FOSTER, Pvt., $55.00; $14.00.
CHARLES FRY, Pvt., $40.00; $6.00.
JESSE (?) GEPSON, Pvt., 223 days forage rations $27.87; $40.00; $5.00; discharged March 31, 1847 by surgeon D Company for general disability
JOHN HOIDMER, Pvt., 223 days forage rations Aug. 26, 1848; $45.00; $12.50; discharged March 31, 1848 upon certification by surgeon Company D for general disability.
ISAAC HOLLOWAY, Pvt., $35.00; $6.00.
CHARLES HOLLOWAY, Pvt., Pd. $27.87 Aug. 9, 1848 forage rations; discharged March 31, 1847 upon certification of surgeon Company D for general disability.
MARTIN HOWARD, Pvt., $55.00; $15.00.
STEPHEN JONES, Pvt., $46.00; $15.00.
IDRAM JONES, Pvt., $45.00; $12.50.
JOHN JONES, Pvt., $45 00; $15.00.
INGRAHAM LUSK, Pvt., $40.00; $6.00.
MARCUS MONROE, Pvt., $40.00; $6.00.
JOSEPH MONROE, Pvt., Pd. Dec. 12, 1849, forage rations 223 days $27.87; $40.00; $15.00; discharged March 31, 1847 by surgeon D Company for general disability.
ELKlNAH MONROE, Pvt., $40.00; $15.00
ALBERT NICHOLDS, Pvt., $50.00; $6.00.
ADDISON MELLY, Pvt., $45.00; $6.00.
SAFAZETT NORMAN, Pvt., $50.00; $15.00.
JESSE PRIDGEN, Pvt., $45.00; $6.00.
JAMES PIDLLIPS, Pvt., $50.00; $6.00.
LEVI PEEL, Pvt., $20.00; $6.00.
JOHN S. PURNELL; Pvt., $45.00; $15.00.
WASIDNGTON RANK, Pvt., $45.00; $15.00.
WILLIAM RUSSELL, Pvt., $50.00; $6.00.
JOHN SHARP, Pvt., $50 00; $12.50.
GRANVILLE SANDS, Pvt., Pd. $27.87 for 223 days forage rations $35.00; $6.00; discharged March 31, 1847 upon certification surgeon Company D for general disability.
ALEXANDER SMITH, Pvt., $40.00; $12.00.
WILLIAM MONROE, Pvt., $55.00; $12.50 .
AMES SMART, Pvt., $55.00; $15.00.
GEORGE SUITER, Pvt., Pd. $27.87 forage rations May 10, 1849; $35.00, $15.00; discharged March 31, 1847 upon certification surgeon Company D for general disability.
JOSEPH WALKER, Pvt., $50.00; $12.50.
WASIDNGTON ZALES, Pvt., $40.00; $15.00.
JOSHUA ZALES, Pvt., $40.00; $15.00.
ABRAM SMITTSER, Pvt., Pd. 223 days forage rations $27.87 Aug. 9, 1849, $20.00; $12.00; discharged March 31, 1847, upon certification surgeon Company D for general disability.
CHARLES WICKLIFFE, Pvt., 223 days forage rations $27.87 pd. Nov. 26, 1849; discharged March 31, 1847 upon certification surgeon Co. D, for general disability.
(Note on Muster Roll: In the settlement on this roll, forage is allowed for the whole period of service, approximately thirty days; as it appears by the roll mustering this company out of service that every member of the company was allowed forage for that period.)
JAMES M. ALEXANDER, 2nd Lt., died Nov. 29, 1846 at Camp Calhoun at Santa Fe, New Mexico. Cause of death: Fever.
THOMAS P. WILSON, 1st Sgt., 23 years old, father, Matthew Wilson; died of measles at Camp Calhoun May 30, 1847.
JOHN ROBINSON, 1st Cpl., 23 years, father, (or adm.) Jas. Robinson; died of fever at Santa Fe March 27, 1847.
DAVID SALSBERRY, 2nd Col., 20, fever, Nov. 23,1846, Camp Calhoun.
HEZEKIAH BARNS, Pvt., 43, fever, Dec. 16, 1846, Camp Calhoun.
DEAN WILLIAMS, Pvt., 22, elected 2nd Lt. Jan. 22, 1847; died at Santa Fe April 28, 1847.
TOMS DAWSON, Pvt., 18, fever, Santa Fe, May 30, 1847.
WILLOUGHBY DAWSON, Pvt., 25, fever, Santa Fe County, Feb. 5, 1847.
JOSEPH P. FISHER, Pvt., 21, measles, Camp Calhoun, Nov. 8, 1846.
CYRUS D. FLETCHER, 22, fever, Camp Calhoun, March 29, 1847.
ABRAHAM GUINN, 30, fever, Santa Fe, March 28, 1847.
ROBERT HODGES, 20, Camp Calhoun, Nov. 15, 1846.
DANIEL JACOBS, 20, measles, Camp Calhoun, Oct. 28, 1846.
JOHN McCOLISTER, 18, fever, Camp Calhoun, Dec. 12, 1846.
JAMES RICHARDSON, 21, fever, Camp Calhoun, Nov. 30, 1846.
THOMAS TALLY, 20, fever, Santa Fe, May 30, 1847.
GARRISON THOMISON, 40, fever, Camp Calhoun, Nov. 28, 1846.
WILLIAM TERRY, 19, measles, Santa Fe, Nov. 5, 1846.
JESSIE TAYLOR, 21, measles, Camp Calhoun, Nov. 13, 1846.
COALMAN B. WRIGHT, 18, measles, Camp Calhoun, Jan. 22, 1847.
JOHN W. WILHOIT, 23, died Oct. 12, 1846. (Cause not legible)
WILLIAM P, SMITH, 20, died at Camp Calhoun Dec. 4, 1846.
"I certify hereof that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain Holloway (E) Company of the 2nd Regt. Missouri Mounted Volunteers for the period herein mentioned; that each man answers to his own proper name in person; that the remarks set opposite the name of each officer and soldier are accurate and just, and that the valuation of all horses and horse equipments since the muster into service, was made by disinterested and good judges, and at fair and just rates.
(Signed) JOHN HOLLOWAY
Captain Commanding the Company.
(Date) April 30, 1847.
(Station) Santa Fe, New Mexico.
"I certify on honor that I here at Santa Fe, New Mexico, on this the 30th day of April, 1847, carefully examined this Roll and as far as practicable, caused the allowances, stopages and remarks to be justly and properly stated; and mustered the company for discharge.
(Signed) JOHN HOLLOWAY
Captain Mustering Officer.
Particularly noteworthy about this Mexican campaign is the fact the soldiers had no base of supplies from the day they left Fort Leavenworth and the march led through uninhabited desert and wilderness. Heavily loaded baggage and provision trains had been sent in advance with heavily armed rivers and a captain of teamsters commanding each train of thirty wagons to guard against Indians. The volunteers had answered for duty in July but it was not until August 15 that Colonel Price led his men in separate detachments, not to California by the southern pass as he originally planned, but to New Mexico due to the many delays in departure. There was no path for the troops to follow from Ft. Leavenworth until they intersected with the main Santa Fe Trail near The Narrows, 65 miles west of Independence. In his diary, Col. Hughes records the deaths of these Benton Countians: Daniel Jacobs, Friday, Oct. 23, 1846; James W. Wilhoit, lost on march to Santa Fe, buried at Fort Marcy; William Tally, Feb. 16, 1847 at Laguna Encampea, from drinking too much water. Captain Holloway's command took part in several skirmishes and battles at Las Bagas and Taos as well as having their regiment assigned the task of policing New Mexico until the end of the war. With Major Edmondson in command of the two companies of Missourians under Captain Nathaniel Holden of Warrensburg and Captain Holloway of Warsaw, the troops suppressed the rebellion at Taos following the murder of Governor Bent by rebelling Mexicans. They then were sent out on May 26, 1847, to investigate Indian uprisings among the Apaches, Comanche's and Kiowa's combined at the Red River Canyon 120 miles from Santa Fe. The action lasted from sunset until after dark in a narrow mountainous defile inaccessible to cavalry.
Many of the horses got stuck in the mud making the men dismount and advance on the enemy under fire. By morning the Indians had fled. After horses in Capt. Horine's command were stolen and some pursuing soldiers murdered by Mexicans, says Hughes report on the war Major Edmondson posted a strong picket guard With instructions that' no one be allowed to enter without being first brought to him. On the same day, Private William Cox of Captain Holloway's Company C while hunting in the mountains, discovered three suspicious looking Mexicans endeavoring to shun him, whereupon he captured them and brought them to camp. They were separately examined by Major Edmondson, but not being able to extort from them a satisfactory answer, one of them was hanged by the neck several times until he had almost expired. When let down the third time, he stated three Americans and one Mexican had recently murdered and their bodies burned near Las Bagas (Vegas), When this confession was extorted Major Edmondson quickly ordered the detachment, which consisted of 29 cavalry, 33 infantry and one 12 pound howizer, to prepare for the march, expecting to reach town before daylight the next morning. Major Edmondson. ascertaining that he would not be able to reach Las Bagas as soon as he desired, hurried on with the cavalry leaving orders for the infantry and artillery to follow in his rear with all! possible haste. On reaching the place. he divided his men into two parties under command of Captains Holloway and Horine. They were now ordered to charge at full speed on the right and left at the same moment, and gain possession of the town. The charge was gallantly made. The Mexicans began a precipitate retreat towards the mountains. A part of the Americans fired upon them while the others entered the town. In less than fifteen minutes ten Mexicans were slain, the fugitives were captured. and the town. with fifty prisoners, taken. The Americans sustained no loss.
The prisoners, by order of Col. Price, were tried before a drumhead court-martial and six of them sentenced to death, being executed in Santa Fe August 3, in the presence of the army. Between the 1st and 15th of August, 1847, Gen. Price and the troops under his command including Company C returned to Missouri, arriving about Sept. 25, having lost about 400 men in battle and disease. A garrison was left at Santa Fe and Gen. Price later returned, but Company C continued homeward. At the conclusion of the Mexican War, troops were brought home to Missouri by way of New Orleans or Fort Leavenworth. Company C drove a herd of several hundred horses across the plains to Fort Leavenworth for cavalry use, reaching the fort with their herd almost intact. Captain Holloway and his men of Company C came home through Independence and Henry County, dropping his men along the way. About thirty of the men took dinner in the George W. Walker and Preston Walker home near Huntingdale in western Henry County and the next morning were breakfast guests of the Thomas W. Jones family about halfway between Clinton and Warsaw. The patriotic citizens of Warsaw received them with open arms that same night and there was unmistakable joy at a big supper in their honor. This was in October, 1847.
AN ESTEEMED CITIZEN
It seems entirely proper that John Holloway of Warsaw be named captain of Company C, 2nd Missouri Mounted Volunteers under Colonel Sterling Price. Early historians call him one of the most important men in the development of the community and a leader in all the military affairs of a people not loathe to fight on most any occasion. Captain Holloway had headed the militia to preserve law and order during the fearsome Slicker War, and was considered the Miles 'Standish of the Warsaw area, states Historian James H. Lay. At President Polk's call for volunteers to fight the Mexicans, the captain enlisted the men riding to the war from Benton County. As a lad he had left his native Kentucky to fight Sac and Fox Indians in the Black Hawk War of 1830 which waged through Wisconsin, Michigan and Illinois before the concluding battle at Bad Axe in Michigan. Now a married man, he lived a year in Illinois before moving through Missouri in 1832, enroute to make his home in the West.
Like many of the early pioneers, the captain reached the true West to establish a permanent home, And like them, he brought his family and worldly goods along the way in team-drawn wagons. The young Holloway family crossed the Osage River at Bledsoe's Ferry near Kaysinger Bluff, where hundreds of families were pouring across to go south through Indian Territory to Texas and Santa Fe, or to turn west to California. At the time this route was as popular as the Santa Fe Trail later became from Independence: It mattered not which way they went to pioneers, it seems; just so they kept going towards their rainbow's end of a homestead of their own. After crossing at Kaysinger, the captain was struck by the soaring beauty of the Shawnee Bend bluffs and the fertile land of the Osage's hairpin curve at this place. Not far upriver he determined he would go no farther. He stopped and built a home. This place now is called Heath Bend from. G. Heath, a later settler and Warsaw saddler and hardware merchant who married one of Holloway's daughters. It is interesting to note that the early day settlers in Benton County on the Osage and its tributaries the John Holloways, Milton Kincaids, etc.--were called "nettle trampers." This was because their stock killed off a rank growth of nettles that then covered the face of the county. The resourceful families found a use for these tall nettles, working them like flax and making cloth from the lint. This cloth was fashioned into long shirts which served as the only garments for little ones in summer. Because of his character and gallantry, the captain was among the first elected county officials, being the first treasurer. His military experience made him the natural head of the local militia, and his courage is attested by the fact he is the only known man to stay alive after facing the infamous Turk brothers of the 1840's with the charge of "liar!" The story is told that once, when about a hundred Turk men were in Warsaw, some of them accused him of mistreating a woman or child while he was on one of his expeditions into the south part of the county. The Captain instantly boiled with rage and jumping on a work bench in the Turks' midst, he heaped them with bitter abuse and defiance. Those watching expected a bloody fight, but the Turks contented themselves with promising to get even later. The stonework of the Fairfield covered bridge over the Pomme de Terre River, still standing sound and firm in 1969, but to be covered with water on the completion of the Kaysinger Reservoir, is the work of John Holloway. The contract for construction of the stonework was let to him for $2,486 by the Benton County court on July 15, 1844 and was completed in March of 1846. He was allowed $100 more for extra work.
Although the aim of this early day pioneer was to settle with his family in the West, he never achieved his goal. His first sight of the sweeping panorama of the majestic Osage River bluffs at Heath's Bend circumvented his plan to "Go West" in the 1830's. His later effort to reach California through the medium of the Mexican War was so delayed at Fort Leavenworth that his Company C Mounted Volunteers was sent to Santa Fe instead. Among the first to catch the California gold rush fever in 1849, he sold his river farm to Callaway G. Heath and with his family left on the earliest wagon trains. He returned here, only to start back to California with a herd of cattle in 1853. This trip resulted in his death. One historian writes he was drowned while crossing the Green River near Salt Lake. Another writes, "A man named Holloway was murdered by the infamous Hogue Howser on the Green River crossing in Utah." Howser was a bad Warsaw character with whom the law-abiding Captain no doubt had had many a scrape. In any case, the gallant captain now rests somewhere on the banks of a stream in the West. The county still claims his descendants as residents. His great-grandsons, Harvey Dale Holloway and Hulen Holloway, reside in Warsaw. The Holloway homestead is now occupied by Chas. Hall.
WITH GENERAL TAYLOR
April 15, 1898
S. C. McLaughlin of North Fristoe, a man of 76, was a soldier with Gen. Taylor at the battle of Buena Vista and also at the battle of Chapultapec and marched with Gen. Scott's army into the City of Mexico. He was also in the Army of the Potomac and was captured at Malvern Hill and says the Confederates only gave them a pint of soup a day for several days. He says if he was younger, he would like to go to Cuba but does not believe our army will have any fighting to amount of anything.
THE CIVIL WAR
ACTIVITIES IN BENTON COUNTY 1861-1865
April 23, 1861: Great crowd raises rebel flag on east side of courthouse lawn at Warsaw.
June 18, 1861: Skirmish at Cole Camp between Union Home Guard and Confederate militia from Warsaw.
October 17-21, 1861: General Fremont's troops demolish Warsaw.
Nov. 22, 1861: Warsaw burned by Union Army stragglers.
Feb. 13, 1861: Major Ed Price, son of Sterling Price, captured in Warsaw home.
April 8, 1862: Skirmish near Warsaw, Mo. 8th State Militia Cavalry.
April 17, 1862: Skirmish at Warsaw.
April 28, 1862: Skirmish near Warsaw, Mo. 8th State M. Cav,
Oct. 5, 1862: Skirmish at Cole Camp.
Oct. 7, 1862: Skirmish at Warsaw.
Oct. 29, 1863: Mayfair at Warsaw. Det. Co. I Mo. St. M. Cav,
June 8, 1863: Skirmish at Cole Camp. Mo. 6th St. M. Cav,
Nov. 7-8-9, 1863: Colonel Jo Shelby's troops burn Warsaw, march thru Cole Camp.
May 18-20, 1865: Scout to Warsaw from Lebanon. Mo. 16th Cav, Det,
The Civil War
Benton County was a border county of Civil War activities. It was ravished by regular armies, rebels and bushwhackers of both Union' and Confederates as the armies swept across Missouri in the early years of the conflict when General Sterling "Old Pap" Price and his Confederate Army still was a dominating force. The county also was criss-crossed with major roads, the old military road cutting diagonally across the area from Cole Camp to the Warsaw Osage River crossing; thence branching on the south, one road to Osceola and one to Springfield. The old military road, also known as Balltown road, had been built in 1825 and was one of the oldest traffic ways in Missouri. At the beginning of the war in 1861, the citizens were definitely in' two camps: the southern sympathizers raising the rebel flag on the court house lawn at Warsaw during the first meeting of the circuit court after the bombardment of Fort Sumter. At Cole Camp, the Germans were universally for the Union and formed a Home Guard whose captain was Karl Bruehl assisted by Lieutenant Imhauser, Citizens not in sympathy with their community's allegiance, kept quiet. Two companies of Confederates were formed at Warsaw. The "Blues" commanded by Captain W. S. O'Kane, a West Point graduate, and the "Grays" by an old-time resident, Captain Stephen F. Hale. In his report of the War, the late Judge Jas, H. Lay does not further identify Captain O'Kane and it is possible that he had been sent into Warsaw through the new militia system set up by Missouri Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson, a southern adherent, in 1859. At Cole Camp the 300 member Home Guard had been trained by Captain A. H. W. Cook, also unidentified further, but probably also. sent in from outside the area by the Union. Cook's brother, B. F. Cook, had been executed at Harper's Ferry as a John Brown accomplice. He had members of the Home Guard sworn in with an oath to "spring to duty at the tap of a drum or moment's warning." Tension mounted between the two armed camps as stories were' carried back and forth between the two towns and a conflict seemed Inevitable.
THE BATTLE OF COLE CAMP
Spark for the skirmish or "Battle of Cole Camp" was furnished when word spread that Governor Jackson and other state officials were going to escape down the old military road en route to get up the Missouri capitol at Carthage. General Lyon and General Blair had stationed 700 to 1,000 Union troops and Home Guards east of Cole Camp on June 17 to cut off the governor and his party which also included Generals J. B. Clark and Parsons, Confederates. From Warsaw Captain O'Kane quietly moved about 350 men to the Union camp where troops had been quartered in the two adjoining barns of Henry Heisterburg and Herman Harms. When near Cole Camp the Warsaw troops had captured John Tyree, and charged him with being a spy. It is understood that a squad started With him to Warsaw as a prisoner, and when off a short distance a gunshot was heard which probably occurred when Tyree was killed. As dawn broke, an attack was made on one barn first, it scattered the inmates and killed a few, and by this time the Home Guards at the other barn had rallied, and were approaching them in solid mass. They fired into the approaching column, which broke and fled. Warsaw cavalry had passed around on the opposite side of the barn, and as the fugitives were running they came directly upon the cavalry, where the largest Per cent of killing was done. The ranks had distinctly understood when leaving Warsaw that they were going to the Boonville fight, and, there was at that time no thought of attacking Cole Camp. But Capt. O'Kane , who was in chief command of the attacking party, never intended the expedition to be otherwise than it was. The approach to the first barn was made just as day was breaking, from the brush that came near the building. They had captured and killed the picket, and as they came within 200 feet of the barn the door was opened, from which a blaze of musketry poured. They were approaching in double-quick order and rapidly firing. Many of the Warsaw men here wavered and fell back in the brush. It was in the first charge and at the barn the six Warsaw rebels were killed. As soon as this was over, they saw the Home Guards from the other barn approaching in close column, By this time most of the demoralized assailants had been rallied. and when the party-from the second barn were within 200 feet, they opened a galling fire on them, when they broke, and as they fled, unarmed and defenseless they were met by the deadly fire of the cavalry which had passed around the ridge.
John F. Feldman, who was in the fight, gives the following list of Home Guards killed outright: Fred Deitzen, Henry Hink, George McFatrich, Charles Brill, Henry Otten. Henry Jacobs, John Leuce, John Blanekn, John Viebrock, John Balke, Henry Darrnan, Henry Brunhart, Peter Tonvore, Lieut. William Kaustiener, Henry Schroder, Henry Muller, and three others whose name could not be recalled.
The wounded were Conrad Schnakenberg, Peter Bocklernan, John Syler, Herman Schroder, Capt, Henry Muller. Fred Steinbrink, Cord Miller, Fred Bahrenburg, Mathias Merker, Col Imheuser, Claus MahIlken. John Brady, Peter Muller,John Borchers, Herman Feldman, Ferdinand Ortel
Total killed: nineteen; wounded, twenty-two.
The rebels held the grounds, and after they had cared for their dead they went to the village, and that night camped in the fair grounds, returning to Warsaw the next day. It is now believed that this was a part of the plan to allow Gov. Jackson to escape from Boonville. as he came down the second night after the Cole Camp fight, and would have been captured by the Cole Camp Guards if they had not been dispersed. There were six of the attacking party slain: John L. Leach, A. B. Whipple, Rice Howser, William Gill, Allen Kemper and George Teft, The affairs at Boonville and Camp Jackson, which occurred about the same time are of much greater notoriety but the Cole Camp Battle was a more bloody contest than either of them. Indeed, in the history of the four years' war considering the numbers engaged. there were but few deadlier engagements than this, the first and last battle ever fought by white men at least, on Benton County soil.
Benton County Home Guards
Field and Staff
Colonel Henry Imhauser
Adjutant Channel Townsley
QM -Henry Mitchel
Surgeon -Henry Powell
Captain A. H. D. Cook
1st Lt. William Hartmann Aggregate strength, 96.
2nd Lt. Louis Dieringer
Captain Herman Feldman
1st Lt. Wm. Kanstreuer Killed at Cole Camp Battle Jun 19, 1861.
2nd Lt. Frederick Fieldman Aggregate strength,102.
Captain Frederick Nolting
1st Lt. August Ochrke
2nd Lt. Henry Passe Aggregate strength, 96.
2nd Lt. Card Birge
Captain Henry Grotheer
1st Lt. Card Aldag
2nd Lt. Claris Haase Aggregate strength, 94.
2nd Lt. John Ethoff
Captain John H. Muller Wounded at Cole Camp June 19,1861.
1st Lt. John F. Bahronberg
2nd Lt. Frederick Fisher
2nd Lt. John Mannald Aggregate strength, 94.
Captain Carl Burch Killed at Cole Camp Jun 19,1861.
1st Lt. John M. Fisher Promoted to Captain June 21,1861.
2nd Lt. Henry Imhauser Promoted to Colonel, July 21,1861.
2nd Lt. Jacob Simon Aggregate strength,122
This Regiment was organized by authority of General Lyon on or about the 13th of June, 1861, and continued in service until September 13 , 1861, and participated in the battle of Cole Camp, June 19, 1861, in which it lost a large number in killed, wounded and prisoners.
HOUSE JOURNAL APPENDIX, (Adjutant General's Report, p. 233).
The exact number of casualties probably will never be known. Historian Lay reports "50 to 100 killed" and the "History of 2nd Mo Confederate Brigades" states there were 206 federals killed, some wounded and 100 taken prisoners. Since only names of the local casualties were recorded in old Benton County history, any over the 50 to 100 reported by Judge Lay may have been regular federal troops commanded by Lyon and Blair. Captain O'Kane's troops included 125to 140 from the two Warsaw companies and some cavalry from Henry and Hickory counties. During "the"fray Governor Jackson and his entourage slipped through to Warsaw where he was a guest in the home of Judge James M. Wright for two days before continuing on south to Carthage. There is little doubt that Lyon's decision to stop overnight at Cole Camp allowed the governor to escape.
The Warsaw troops followed the governor as an escort, taking part in the battles of Carthage and Wilson's Creek before returning home in August. In the fall of 1861 after the battle of Lexington, the southern forces moved out of the Benton County area and from then on, Benton County was controlled by the Union Army.
DESTRUCTION AT WARSAW 1861
In the fall of 1861 the impact of the war again was impressed on Benton County when five Union officers--General John Fremont, Sigel, Pope, Hunter, McKinstry and Asboth--moved more than 40,000 troops across the Osage River at the county seat.
General Sterling Price had retreated south from Lexington through Henry and St. Clair Counties on Sept. 29, 1861 and Fremont moved swiftly to destroy him in southwest Missouri.
For four days, Oct. 17-22, thousands of soldiers camped on Lay's Flat north of Warsaw awaiting construction of a bridge at Bledsoe's Ferry just above where the Upper Swinging Bridge now stands. Officers used homes for headquarters, the resident families being moved out to live with relatives or to what ever quarters they could find. Mayor Gordon Howard Drake of Warsaw recalls a family story that his grandparents and servants all were moved out to allow General Pope and staff to use their home.
General Fremont's letters from the Warsaw river crossing days are related in a book, "Story of the Guard", by his wife, Jessie Benton Fremont, daughter of the U. S. Senator for whom Benton County was named:
Camp near Warsaw, October 17, 1861.
"As you will have seen, we have made quite a respectable distance in the pursuit, and have been rewarded here by rumors that Price is only thirty to fifty miles ahead, and waiting to give us battler-out rumor is so unreliable.
"Three days have brought us from Tipton, about forty miles, which may' be considered a pretty good start for a green army. We arrived last night, though not quite in the town, encamping about a mile north of it. While awaiting the baggage-trains, the General, calling for some 'young officers to go with him' and a company of the Guard, galloped like fun, through mud and water, and abysmal roads, to the high bluffs, of the Osage River, passing through the town on the way. Before getting to the village, we met General Sigel, with his adjutant. He had been here All day, slowly putting his brigade across on one small ferry-boat. He rode with us through Warsaw, and we, from her heights, surveyed the river which Price had to run around to avoid thrashing, and which we are about to cross in order to thrash him after all. "Having seen the possibilities of crossing, we rode back to camp, the soldiers of Sigel's command filling the air with cheers and welcoming shouts for our chief. We had a pleasant enough night, and this morning the tents were struck, and we all moved over to the heights above the river. "While camp was being pitched, we rode with the General to the ferry, where he remained some time consulting Captain Pike, the engineer who is to put the bridge through. "Now, Captain", asked the General, "how many hours do you propose to use in bridging this river?" "It depends upon how many men I may have, sir. If I have enough, you shall cross by two o'clock tomorrow." I am afraid the entire lack of tools and lumber will put the Captain out in his calculations, but we shall see. Pike will do his best. The General certainly puts men to their trumps.
"H" Camp near Warsaw, October 19, 1861.
We have now got well to work upon the bridge. R. has been doing good service in the lumber department; the north side material being improvised from the debris of log-houses and barns, sacrificed for the occasion, the south side cut and hauled from the virgin forest. I had been variously employed all the morning, writing and riding for the General; in the afternoon, he took part of the Body-Guard and went out on a little reconnaissance across the river. As he rode off he sent me down to help Captain Pike. 'See that he has all he wants; let there be no hitch; see that everything moves.' So down I went, and having a roving commission, became a sort of
Jack-of-all-trades, putting in wherever it seemed necessary, impressing teams and drivers, getting tools, ropes, and necessary articles, directing the pioneers in the woods where and what to cut, hauling the timber from the woods, etc., etc., Pike with his efficient assistants, Shipley and Kern, were down on the bank, directing the busy workmen, and shaping the rough hewn trestles, measuring and cutting stringer and brace, fixing rope and chain and bolt, and putting through the more important preparatory work. Lieutenant Waring was in the woods, which rang with the axes of his pioneers, and the shouts of his teamsters, detachments from the 'fancy Body-Guard', serving extempore in both capacities. And Colonel Shanks, M. C. and A. D. C., the indomitable, indefatigable, and tremendous, was everywhere, driving, cutting, working in a manner wonderful to behold. Now in the forest, showing the workmen how to put the ox-chain on a log and 'snake' it through the brush; now knee-deep in the river, swearing at reluctant 'Dutchmen'; now driving an ox team along the dusty road;-always efficiently at work, helping all, interfering with none. This, on the southern bank. The other side saw Ramond inexorably pulling down houses, barns, sheds, stables, anything that could furnish the proper length and size of timber for this all-devouring bridge; impressed teams hauling the materials to the bank; refractory mules kicking and plunging in the water while taking the various necessaries to the central island; quiet groups of steady handed Germans getting the logs and planks ready to be put together in shape; in short it was as thorough a specimen of hearty, earnest, well-put work as one could wish to see. "Meantime, I was wandering about, a kind of odd wheel, but managing to 'turn up' in the right place with such frequency as to keep me from being too lazy. Among other things, tools and spikes were needed. What easier than to gallop over to the town, get them and send them back: in some unlucky wagon which should chance to be near? Well, I have seen easier things. Armed with the Provost Marshal's pass, I had to go into every store, question and cross-examine the secesh owner who 'didn't care to sell,' and didn't know what he'd got;' root and ransack in every corner, trip and stumble through every cellar, over barrels and kegs innumerable; and finally for my pains, had scraped together a few augers, one or two sledges, half a dozen chisels, and no more. Then spikes were needed, Surely spikes are common enough in a frontier town. Vain hope! They must be created. Clothed with plenary powers by the General, I was to take any forge and set to work any smith, for the Bridge was all-important. "I went to one large forge with four fires. where about fifty horses were waiting and being shod.. and to the infinite disgust of the various regiments whose horses were there, to the surprise of all the smiths, and with some explanation to their independent Western minds, that the General's order must pass over all others, I 'seized' the fires and set the men all at hammering out my spikes. The iron I had to find like the tools, in warehouse, cellar, barn, or store, or wherever it was to be found. ''Thus, between forest, river, and town, I had to be lively. After supper I went down again, and saw them working by moonlight and firelight. That was a picture! A gleaming fire at the foot of the dark, high, wooded bluff. The low, sandy island, far or and indistinct in the moonlight; the rushing river between, and this wild, solitary scene. made more weird and even more solitary by the busy groups of excited, earnest men. The shouting of' voices, the clangor of blows, the creaking of ropes, and rattling of chains, occasionally when the grotesque, wide spreading form of one of the huge trestles had been successfully lowered into the swift blackness of the water, the long, loud shout of triumph drowned all else. But you will weary of all this detail, and I must get sleep for to-morrow's work.
Banks of the Osage, "Oct. 19, 1861, late in the afternoon.
Zagonyi got no action, but brought back some useful spoils,-horses, wagons, cattle, provisions, &c.
"J. C. F"
"On the 18th of October about fifty men, personally with the General, crossed the Osage to have a little observation of the enemy on the other' side. The General found out, through talking with citizens, that a body of men were starting to the rebel army, about twenty-two miles from Warsaw, on the Osceola road, south. He at once ordered me to proceed in the night.
OVER THE HILLS AND FAR AWAY
"Headquarters Western Department, "October 23.
Camp on road three miles beyond Osage River.
"I made but a short camp yesterday evening, having been delayed by the numberless detentions which necessarily surround myself. So many inexperienced officers, coming to me for the merest trifles fritters away much of my time. Our bridge will not be finished until noon to-day, and Asboth's division will consequently be delayed in its advance; but it will probably get across to-day, and meanwhile Sigel is going ahead.
"J. C. F."
Thus ended the single visit in Warsaw by famous war generals, Oxen and horse-drawn wagons were used to transport supplies for troops. There is no record of steamboats unloading at Warsaw for troops but the boat, "Silver Lake" on April 19 and 28, 1862, unloaded 20,000 rations for troops at Osceola,-Captain Leffingwell, Ist Iowa Cavalry, federal commander. Those tense days for Warsawians were later recalled by Alexander Paschall Bristow. Mr. Bristow stated everyone hated Fremont as he rode down Main St. in 1861 on his big roan horse, but he was a fine looking man in his blue uniform with huge silver buckles. "Those rascals tore down every log house in Warsaw to build a pontoon bridge across the river near where the upper bridge now is. A hundred people were driven from their homes. Dad objected when they tore down his tan yard on the Town Branch and they arrested him as a southern sympathizer."
Other tankards destroyed were those of J. M. Staley, James Atkisson and John Rank along the ravine to the river on Benton St. Fremont's troops went on south. But in November, 1861,after his major campaign in western Missouri, on Nov. 21, Fremont's army stragglers set fire to the main business part of Warsaw, destroying almost every building left in the commercial center. Starting in Bibl & Wall's harness and saddlery store, located on the corner where later stood the Bank of Warsaw and now Freeman Hardware Co. at the southeast corner of Van Buren & Main sts., , the fire swept away the Shepherd Store, J. M. Staley'S; Wilson's Drug Store, the telegraph office, Barkley ~ Broo's, Dr. Atkisson's Drug Store, R. C. Henry & co., Joe Field's, Atkisson & Coo's general store, James Wall's Book Store and James &Joseph English's hardware store. The Union garrison at Warsaw at the time of the fire reported that the fire had been started by a local citizen of southern sympathies who was seen deliberately setting the blaze. Some of the burned buildings were filled with Union stores which were completely destroyed.
The officer in charge of the garrison reported:
Date: Sedalia, Nov. 24, 1861.
To Colonel Fred Steele, Commanding Post, Sedalia,
From Geo. F. Kennedy (sic), Capt, Commanding Post at Warsaw Co. H. First Regt, Mo. Volunteers.
"Sir, I am honored to report to you my proceedings as Commandant of the post at Warsaw, Missouri. In obedience to orders from General Sturgis, on the 14th instant, I was ordered to remain at Warsaw with my own company (H, First Regiment Nebraska volunteers, in connection with one company of Merrill's Horse, Capt. H. Wilson, to occupy the place, protect the government stores, and remain until all the commissary and quartermasters' stores were removed to some other point. On the night of the 18th, learning from undoubted authority that the enemy were concentrating in small bodies at various points within from 8 to 15 miles of us on this side of the Osage and were contemplating an attack on us, I deemed it proper to telegraph you for a small reinforcement, On the night of the 20th re-enforcements came to the number of about 150 men, viz: Captain Baird, of Merrill's Horse, 60 men, and Captain Williams of Seventh Missouri Volunteers (two detachments), about 90 men, together with 24 wagons. On the morning of the 21st the wagons were all loaded. During the morning of the 21st, a telegraphic dispatch was received by the Commissary of the post, Captain Schenck, at Sedalia, from Captain Swam, quartermaster, stating that 52 teams were sent. The balance are only ten hours behind those already here. These teams did not arrive.
"On the evening of the 21st a fire broke out in some old buildings on the southwest corner of the public square, and diagonally from the quarters occupied by myself, my company, and the hospital department, on the opposite side of the street. This occurred at dusk in the evening and as the guard was being posted. I immediately sent a soldier to ascertain what the light originated from. He quickly returned, and reported that a fire was burning between two old deserted houses about two feet apart, and that a man in citizen's dress ran away from the place and disappeared in the darkness on his approach. I immediately ordered a portion of the guard to the spot with axes and a few buckets of water. and endeavored to arrest the fire, but in vain. as a heavy wind was blowing from the southeast. The whole corner of the block was in a few moments in flames with the hard wind blowing towards my quarters and the hospitals in the same building. It required our utmost exertions to prevent the whole from being in flames. At this juncture, the wind veered to the southwest, and a very short time all of the block of brick buildings in which the government property was stored was in flame. Some of the government stores were got out of the buildings. but the heat became so intense that it was impossible for men to work and it was nearly all consumed.
"I had previously ordered Captain Schenck, commissary of the post, that if the balance of our teams did not arrive soon and there was no prospect of getting away what remaining property was not loaded into the wagons already, to burn it, in order to save it from falling into the hands of the enemy. But very little of the stores were burned a tour hands, as the flames spread so rapidly that it was impossible to remove them from the buildings.
"We left the place at 10 o'clock that night (21st) and Bivouacked 4 miles from town until morning; reached here on the 23rd in the afternoon; met the balance of the train of wagons sent to us 15 miles from this place on the 23rd at night.
"My own conclusion is, in reference to the origin of the fire that it was done and deliberately planned by the enemy."
Respectfully, your obedient servant, Geo. F. Kenedy
Until the Union Missouri State Militia organization was completed in 1862 to deter depredations, and even afterward, the bushwhackers were guilty of the greatest crimes. They were attached to no regular army and under no proper authority. Union and Confederate troop units and stragglers intermittently flowed across the county. But Benton County around Warsaw still was considered a fertile field by the Confederates. General Sterling Price's son, Brig. Gen. Edward Price, recruited soldiers in the area during the winter months of 1861-1862. He was enroute with 500 enlistees from over southwest Missouri when he was captured at Warsaw by the federals and his war career thus ended for the interim. His enlistees got away, says local historian Lay; U. S. records state they were captured as they were quartered across the river from town while their commander and his staff were overnight guests in the home of Judge Wright where they were captured.
* * *
Tension was extreme, made so perhaps by editorials pouring out from the local "Missouri Army Argus" published at Osceola. The issue appearing Nov. 30, 1861, after the burning of Warsaw stated: "Women! Encourage your husband to join Price's Army to help drive out brutal hirelings from the land. Warsaw is in ruins and women and tender children have been driven out to hunt shelter and starve in the coldly ruffians bearing commissions from the Federal Government." These ruffians
were Lane's Brigade, the 4th Kansas Regiment under Col. Wm. Weer and Co.-James Montgomery with the 3rd Kansas Regiment, neither of whom were ever officially identified as being at Warsaw. Skirmishes took place along the main road through the country, no public gatherings were held, and churches were abandoned as the war dragged on.
At Warsaw the Christian Church was used as a hospital; the Washington Hotel on the southwest corner of Main and Commercial Sts, became a commissary for Union troops. People seldom stopped to chat with each other and then it usually was to report some new murder or outrage.
WARSAW BURNED SECOND TIME
Again major tragedy struck Warsaw.
On November 7th, 1863, as Price was withdrawing his troops from Missouri, the dashing and impetuous Colonel J. O. Shelby came up from the south to Warsaw where he "found the Federals drawn up in a line of battle to dispute the crossing of the river," states Shelby's report in "The War of The Rebellion. He goes on to report: "Before reaching the town however I had sent Gordon's regiment to cut them off from the road toward Oceola and the battalion on the east," Shelby wrote. "Dismounting Hooper's regiment, I termed them in line of battle and sent them straight for the ford which was about 2 feet deep. The men, impatient for the fray dashed across the river, deployed as skirmishers, and supported b; Shanks and Hunter, drove all opposition away, and soon the banner of the bars flung its proud folds on the breeze, emblem of a pure and high nationality. Vast quantities of all kinds of stores were captured herewith some arms and prisoners, and a strong and well-provisioned court: Thus far I had traveled ahead of all information, but now the telegraph flashed out its hallow, and the railroads groaned under the dire preparations to meet me, and the thunderer of St. Louis threatened vengeance as dark as death, and terrible as the grave. "Upon the 8th & 9th I leisurely marched through Cole Camp, the cradle of most of liberty in Missouri, and the fount of glory to the gallant (W. S.) O'Kane, and Florence, another beautiful town in this most beautiful section. "Vast herds of horses covered the prairies a sight most refreshing to my grim old dragoons, and during the two days, quantities of good union steeds were changed into rebel chargers, and their reckless riders went spurring away for the Missouri River " Again a part of Warsaw was burned as Shelby tore out records recorded under Union jurisprudence, stampeding citizens and militia generally, and gutting the remnants of the stores still standing. At the war's end only one building had not felt the scourge of fire: the frame Hastain Tavern on the west across from the court house which served as Union headquarters throughout the war. About 15 to 18 stragglers of Shelby's forces approached Warsaw a few days later and met in a skirmish at sundown with the 7th Mo. State Militia Cavalry, south of Warsaw. Several were shot. Company I of the state militia also fought several stragglers near Warsaw, capturing about a dozen who were lined up against a stone bluff for execution. It is this detachment which is believed to be subject of a tale told by Jeff Gentry, Warsaw marshal of the 1940's who recalled as a child seeing marks called blood stains on bluffs in the Balliette Cemetery area. People chipped off stained pieces as souvenirs. No major action of the war occurred in the county after 1863. But the Union garrison remained throughout the conflict. The last recorded action according to federal records states: The following correspondence was written by Major Small, commanding the Missouri 16th Cavalry at Lebanon dated May 22, 1865: Captain Kelly just returned. He did not overtake the rebels. They aimed to cross at Warsaw, and citizens from opposite side prevented them. They changed their course and crossed the big Pomme de Terre bridge, then returned to Warsaw; then returned to this place. Captain Sallee has not been heard from since he left here. He did not find Kelly and has not returned yet.
Small Major, Commanding
Lawlessness caused most of the suffering in Benton County. Evilly disposed persons, termed bushwhackers, made a pretense of espousing either one cause or the other for the purpose of plunder or private malice. Insecurity of life and property became so uncertain, a large portion of the citizenry left their homes and many peaceable citizens were killed and their homes burned. Business ceased, farms lay idle and land sold at ruinous prices. Reputed leaders of the bushwhackers in the county were Tom Job and Nathan and John Smith. Job's gang captured and shot John Meyers in the back, killing him. Phillip Mittleback was next victim. Also killed were Lieut. McDade and Dr. Chapman at the Duroc Ford; Harman Worryman, en route home after his discharge; John Hall, John Zimmerman, Peter Beck and Peter Virderman; Rinehard on Ross Creek; Thomas Chapman and Tillman Suttles; Alexander Eaton, Luna and David Kidwell, George Peasley; Bob Kirby and McLaughlin on Prairie Hollow; James Thornton en route home on furlough. After the close of the war, Tom Job was captured and turned over to Benton County men and the relatives of John Meyers shot him to death. III feelings between men continued after the war. Horace Pitts, Smith, Jasper Mitchell and two others went to arrest a man named Seder Harris near Fairfield. Harris shot and killed three of them before escaping from the county. Clark Taylor, who was remaining overnight with Judge Ham north of Warsaw, was taken out next morning and shot by John Masten, James Thomas and Thomas Bennett. Afterwards Benjamin Reeder and a group captured Masten and Thomas and killed them, but Bennett escaped. Captain James D. Perkins, circuit attorney home on sick leave in 1864, was shot and killed on Main St., Warsaw. Thomas Bailey was captured and killed after being taken from his home two and a half miles south of Warsaw. Two elements, both about equally wicked, roamed in lawless bands, guilty of horrible crimes. Vicious dregs of civilization, they prowled and rode at night to paralyze the whole county.
Men from Benton County known to have served in the Union Army:
Troops.-The Sixtieth Regiment Enrolled Missouri Militia was largely of Benton County men. In it were four Benton companies as follows: Company A, Captain, Samuel Webb; first lieutenant, William M. Jenkins; second Lieutenant, J. M. Shaver. Mustered in September 8, 1862. Company G, Captain, William Miller; first lieutenant, George Hooper. Mustered in January 13, 1863. Company H, Captain, George Jacob Freund; first Lieutenant, Henry Hink; second lieutenant, Daniel Freund. Mustered in September 8, 1862. These companies served a three years' term, and were discharged March 12, 1865.
Company B, Eighth Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, Captain, John Cosgrove, was composed of Benton and Hickory County men. Later, Cosgrove became major of the regiment, He entered the service December 29, 1861, was promoted March 11, 1863. Company ,B, captain, William Owen, was mostly Benton and Hickory county men. In the Eighth Cavalry Missouri State Militia, Company F, captains, Richard H. Melton, William W. Owens, C. C. Owens and John R. Foster; first lieutenant, John L. Holloway; second lieutenant, William Kidwell were Cole camp and Warsaw men, In this regiment was also Company K, captain, Julius Glade; first lieutenants, H. L. Mitchell~ Henry Grother and Harrison Mitchell; second Lieutenant, John F. Feldman; this was a Cole Camp company.
In Company A, Seventh Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, captain, T. W. Houts; second lieutenant George P, Chiles, was made up of mostly Benton County men. In the same regiment, Company E, first captain, Owen D. Hawley; second, Abraham Darst; third, Henry Alben, of Cole Camp; first lieutenant, James H. Crawford, were also from Benton County. Company I, Forty-fourth Missouri Volunteers, were mostly from this county. In Company C, Sixth Cavalry, Missouri Volunteers, were many Benton County men. There were probably more men who enlisted in squad and singly than entered the service from the county as an organized body. In the Confederate army were the two Warsaw companies-O'Kane and Hales-and Capt. Feasters' company, all Benton County men. The most who joined the rebel army, however, had gone off in squads and singly. In Capt. Parks' company, of Leesville, were a squad of men from this county.
Dr. J. B. Hale of Warsaw left to go south in early summer of 1861, came back wounded and ragged and later practiced at Centerview, in Johnson County.
David Franklin Alexander, buried in Wright cemetery in Tom township.
Geo. Thomas Alexander buried L. P. Union Cemetery.
John Grantham, buried at Shiloh cemetery.
Wm. Henry Ferguson, buried at Riverside Cemetery.
W. F. Halley, buried at Kinkead Cemetery.
Geo. See, Co. I, 42nd Reg 1 Mo. Vol Inf, buried at Balliette Cemetery.
Andy McCoy Suiter, buried at Suiter Cemetery.
Clanton Suiter, buried at Suiter Cemetery.
Tom Suiter, buried at Suiter Cemetery.
John Suiter, buried at Suiter Cemetery.
Capt. Elbert Feaster, buried at Shiloh.
Samuel McLerran, buried at Shiloh cemetery.
James K. Polk Alexander, Co. I, 5th Provo En. Mo. Mil, buried at L. P. Union Cemetery.
John Smith Kelly in O'Kane's Battalion at Cole Camp. Wounded thru body at Carthage Surrendered at Shreveport. Buried at Windsor. Was son of Rev Jeptha M Kelly, Warsaw Methodist Episcopal minister.
Joseph T. Snyder of Fairfield. Lost arm in conflict. Said to be first fisherman to "slip along" the two rivers of the county.
Captain Lear, Knobby merchant, who followed the lost cause of the Confederacy to the last battle.
Thomas Gill, who came to Warsaw when he was nine years old in 1842. He learned the old-fashioned tinner's trade and was working at it when war broke out in 1861. He was a member of the Warsaw Gray's and marched off in quest of glory with General Price. It was not his first "march", as he had also gone to California with Capt. J. H. Holloway. After the war. he made his home in Ohio. He came back to Warsaw in 1910, and also visited with his brother, Ira Gill of Lincoln.
Dr. William Sutherland of Warsaw also was in the Confederate army: and was wounded at Hattiesburg in 1864. He was a brother of shoemaker Mark Sutherland of Warsaw. After the war, Dr. Sutherland went to Mississippi to practice. Born in Tennessee, March 12, 1844 Dr. Sutherland moved to Warsaw with his parents when he was eight years old. He married Miss Ann Nelson.
Dr. George Washington Givens, Warsaw physician and surgeon served with Benton County men. Died at Windsor.
John B. Clark, Warsaw, 11th Regt, (Parsons) Enlisted before Battle of Cole Camp and fought under the flag of the Stars and Bars until the close of the war.
THE GERMAN FEDERALS
Germans residing in the United States at the time of the Civil War were almost universally for the Union, and were called Brave 'Union Germans' or Damn Yankee Dutch, providing which side the speaker espoused. An account in the Sedalia (Mo.) German newspaper of 1913 stated: "A book could be written about the contribution of the Missouri Germans in the Civil War, for the State had at that time a strong German element in the cities such as St. Louis, St. Charles, Washington, Hermann, Boonville, as well as many counties rapidly springing up with German immigrants settling the areas. In Missouri, many famous officers had begun their military career in the Union armies. St. Louis listed many among her regiments with only a little knowledge of the native tongue. Even so, thousands of Germans served the Home Guards, and were known to the freebooters and bushwackers, whom they had stopped from murdering and plundering the settlements or served to prove the violations, and the vindictive acts inflicted upon the settlements.
"One such German deed comes to mind that German settlers endured who lived in the familiar region known as Lake Creek Township between Sedalia and Cole Camp; therefore the following describes the affair known as the Skirmish at Cole Camp which the participants lived through. Immediately after the outbreak of hostilities, the inhabitants formed Company F. thirty men strong, under Captain Karl Breuhl (a cousin under the name, "Kara George" became the famous Cincinnati poet, Dr. Gustave Bruehl) and Lieutenant Imhauser, On the night of June 16, 1861, a sentry of Union Colonel Cook, who had strong southern acquaintance, was asked by a stoop of straggling Union soldiers to be allowed to pass during the flight. It seemed strange that these stragglers had come from Warsaw or Florence, possible rebels, because they carried with them a union flag used in Jefferson City by a Regiment fighting Price's and Shelby's Brigade. The Home Guards were suspicious and questioned them until three o'clock in the morning, against which they protested and began to shoot, where upon the Home Guards returned the fire. Hardly ten minutes of battle went by until Captain Karl Bruehl as the first, and the following of his men died: Christian Lemler, Henry Dohrmann, Nicholas Stauss, Henry Brunckhorst and Blanke. How many of the Rebels died or were wounded could not be determined during the confusion that followed, for they loaded their' comrades on a wagon they had brought, while the Home Guards took care of their fallen. From this skirmish, inhabitants now living in this region. Carl A. Schupp, F. A. Zimmerschied Henry Brauer Christian Eicholz, August Imhauser, George Goetze, Christian Brunckhorst, J. M. Dueber, John Ochs, Ferdinant Yost."
Another disgrace, that happened after the cessation of hostilities in this region and was a revenge of the Rebels against the Loyal Union German inhabitants, could likewise be mentioned here. As you know, particularly encouraged in Missouri, long after the hostilities ended, those released from the army ran wild and brutalized you and were known as Bushwackers (highwayman). There still were Home Guards not mustered out between Haw Creek and Lake Creek who had orders from military headquarters in Sedalia not to arrest such marauders, but to prevent them from doing harm. "One-of an eight man group of such marauders carried on robbing, plundering, and burning the month of October, 1865, through the German settlement and had information from his partisans (known as "Buck and John Evens") that the German inhabitants of Lake Creek had fought loyally for the Union, and their homes, and were still in possession of valuables. Furthermore, the Home Guards Company, dispersed during the night to homes situated further away, and but for a few men to supervise the neighborhood, there were many homes with only scant protection; One such was the home of Carl Heinrich Yost, in which only he and his son-in-law, William Schupp: along with their wives and nine children were found. While seven of the marauders proceeded to the stable, one went into the house in order to rob. When he started to set the house a fire, he hurried Frau Yost out the door. Yost and his son-in-law saw this and when they went to help the woman, they were both shot by accomplices of the robber and died in a moment. Alarmed by the shooting an older neighbor reported to the Home Guards under Captain Timken, they rallied quickly and captured eight "Bushwackers" and held court martial over them. Because three of the company, more than half, wanted to take the captives to Sedalia, bitterness became very strong, so that further consideration of the murdered ones (the son, Ferdinand Yost, the son-in-law, Phill Zimmerschied, and three Schupp brothers), they took hold of the captives and brought them to a nearby woods, and according to martial law shot them and secretly buried them in two groups, without securing their identity. From then on, the German settlers in these regions had peace from the marauders."
Southern sympathies dimmed as the war progressed and the Confederate stronghold shifted to Clinton in neighboring Henry County. Here General Grenville Dodge established a Union garrison commanded by Major Henry Alexander Neill of Lexington. Atthe conclusion of the war. Major Neill and his men were accorded agreat celebration in recognition of their fair administration to all citizens throughout the war.
WHEN GENERAL OSTERHAUS WAS IN WARSAW
At the time that Gen. Fremont's army was in Warsaw in 1861, General P. J. Osterhaus had charge of the troops supplying the town. Judge Jonathan Autrieth at that time was a youngster and with Samuel Orr, a neighbor, came to Warsaw after some cattle which had been taken from their farm for army beef. After their cattle business was adjusted as far as the remaining live ones were concerned, they started for home but found the guards' would not let them out of the lines and they were compelled to stay all night. Next morning, they went to Gen; Fremont's headquarters then in a portion of the Judge Lay residence and they were referred to Gen. Osterhaus; who was in the Mrs. T. A. Phillips' residence. The general was very courteous and at once gave them permission to go through the lines. During the Vicksburg campaign in 1862-3, Gen. Osterhaus commanded a division in which Enterprise Editor Thomas Benton White was a soldier in the 42nd Infantry. Editor White said the general was "a thorough military man, his training having been In the cavalry branch, and in the many drills in the cotton fields north of Vicksburg, he had a habit of running his horse at a swift gallop along the lines with his sword in the air." His soldiers called him ''The Flying Dutchman", Editor White said. or "Peter Joseph."
WILL BRESHEARS NURSED BY GERMANS AFTER BATTLE OF COLE CAMP
Among Union soldiers from Benton County were William and Henry T. Breshears, sons of Henry Breshears, who came into Benton County from Tennessee about 1838. They were both in the Battle of Cole Camp, and Will took a severe chill while there, had to go out and round up horses and it turned into pneumonia. They were taken to the home of an elderly German lady and although the German settlers there were very kind to him, bringing food, nursing him, etc., Will Breshears died. His brother Henry T. was with him at the time and helped bury him on the farm where he died. (The grave was not marked--and although grandchildren tried to find it later, location could not be pinpointed. They recall Henry T's telling how the elderly Germans wore wooden shoes, however, with leather shoes worn only to churchs) Henry T. had to go on with his unit and was wounded at Marshfield. Captains of the Union and Confederate troops, he said later, had gotten together and decided, since the war was so nearly over, they would not enter into combat. Union soldiers were unarmed and so, supposedly, were the Confederates. However, as the Union Soldiers were encamped, some of the Confederates opened fire and the defenseless Union soldiers had to run for shelter. Henry T. was wounded in the leg as he started running around a log building, his granddaughter , Mrs. Iva Breshears Bird tells us.
And falling over him, also heading for cover, was a man who later was her other grandfather, Frank Southard of Fristoe, also a Union soldier. Henry T. was taken into the cabin and a little Negro boy built up cookwood under his leg to prop it up. Recalled Henry T. later: "I suffered all night and next morning and saw a man sleeping next to me with a hat over his face. My first thought was that it was a Confederate. I reached for my pistol, which I'd gotten back and was about ready to shoot when I decided I'd better lift that hat. Good thing I did, for the man turned out to be a close buddy named Hastain, I heard someone say he was wounded, too, but would recover and that there was no hope for Breshears', but it turned out the other way around, for Hastain died." Henry T. was moved into the barracks at Springfield and his family, in Breshears Valley, received word that he was injured. His mother, Atsy Etheridge Breshears and his wife, Sabrina, started to Springfield on horseback, to nurse him. A brother, John Martin Breshears, only about 15, accompanied them but kept into the woods on the way down, for fear he'd be taken for a soldier and killed. Stop the first night was made at Bolivar where they were guests in the home of Judge Burr Emerson (he had stayed in the home of Henry and Atsy Breshears when he came to Benton County.) Next day, at sundown, the women reached Springfield. At the first barracks, no one knew Henry T. At the second, as they went into the door, Sabrina said: "He's here I can see his hand." Said mother-in-law Atsy: "That's ridiculous you can't tell by his hand." But she couldand did...for the hand did belong to Henry T. Sabrina stayed to nurse her husband back to health, with Atsy returning to Breshears valley. Henry Thomas Breshears, however, carried the bullet in his hip for the remainder of his lifetime, and, half-crippled, had to use a cane. One of the Breshears was a staunch State's Righter and Confederate sympathizer, altho unable to go with General Price. Although the others were Union men, family loyalties were stronger. At one time, it's said, a "Union Breshears" was told to go to the home of the "Confederate Breshears"and confiscate horses. He declined to do it.....He's my neighbor," he said, "you'll have to send another soldier."
THE FLORIDA WAR
George Parsley's father, Charley Parsley, was granted bounty land near Fristoe on April 1, 1852 for his services as a Private under Capt. Wills Company of Alabama Volunteers, Florida War. Signed by Millard Filmore. President of the U.S.
September 28, 1888
M. L. Sutherland of Warsaw has placed a national flag on the signal tree on Mt, Jackson. which waves gracefully with the least breeze.
AUGUST 16, 1889
The G. A. R. encampment at Cole Camp commenced last Tuesday, under favorable conditions. All day, the old soldiers kept arriving from all points, on Wednesday, the heavy rain dampened their ardor temporarily, but remembering the grand benefits to the maturing corn, the crowds soon recovered their good humor.
John J. Hart of Tom township was wounded in the leg with a flying rod from a cannon while firing a salute. Chief -feature of Thursday's meeting, which had an attendance of from 5000 to 7000, was a sham battle. A fort had been erected and occupied by "British troops" and the "American forces", after hard fighting, forced the former to surrender. Brigadier Hastings of Sedalia commanded the fort and Brigadier Pettis, the attacking forces. - Dr. A. B. Estell reports that he treated about 200 patients while at the encampment and never lost a case. The other doctors haven't made a report yet. John Hart says he would much rather have escaped unscathed but. if he was predestined to be hit, he would have preferred to have met his fate while charging the British forces, as some of his gallant ancestors in New York did in the Revolutionary struggle. ' Lincoln was selected for next year's encampment and the following officers elected: District Commander, N. B. Petts; senior vice commander, J. P. Carlin: junior vice commander, B. F. Abbot. August 30, 1889 John B. Clark of Warsaw went to the grand ex-Confederate soldiers reunion at Higginsville. John had a blue ribbon on which was printed "11th Regt, Parsons", by which he expected to find some of the boys with whom he followed Pap Price to glory. Capt. Smith, last Tuesday, went to Higginsville to attend the reunion of the Mexican War veterans. He is president of the organization.
GRAND ARMY OF REPUBLIC REUNION OF OLD SOLDIERS & SONS OF VETERANS
At Lincoln, Missouri, August 15, 1890 The 4th annual encampment of the old soldiers and Sons of Veterans of the Osage Dist., Dep., of Missouri GAR, will be held at Rodermund's Park, Lincoln, Benton Co., Mo., on the 27th-28th-29th of August, 1890 during which time the regular exercises of a GAR encampment will be had . An effort will be made to reproduce the Drama of War with as much reality as it can consistently be done. There will be huge bodies of old soldiers and sons of veterans in line, drilled by competent masters of Revised Tactics--Infantry, cavalry and artillery. The various maneuvers and evolutions of war will be executed and several sham battles fought--the whole forming a living panorama of the most realistic, exciting nature. Major Hendershot will be present the first day, and perhaps the 2nd and 3rd, with his wonderful drum presented by Horace Greeley, and will give such exhibitions of his drill as drummer as have been, and still are, the wonder of the world. It is expected that those who come will be prepared to take care of themselves, as it is desired by the officers of the district that the citizens of Lincoln and vicinity, who have worked so zealously to make the encampment a success, will have time and opportunity to enjoy themselves. Provisions and food can be had at reasonable prices. Also refreshment stands on the grounds. There will be daily open post meetings at which the various post commanders will preside, and in which every veteran is invited to take part and at which questions of great interest will be discussed. The encampment will close with the Battle of Lundy's Lane in which, however, instead of the darkness ending the engagement the British will kindly surrender. ' The following are the officers of the Osage District: Commander, J. P. Carlin; Vice-Corn-Herman Boeschen; Adjutant, T. C. Chapman; assistant, Fred Brill; chief of artillery, Maj. Cosgrove; chief of cavalry, Lieut. Holloway; chief bugler, L. Walter; quartermaster, J. W. Tryon; asst. Q.M. F. Schwettman; Chaplain, Rev. J. A. Sartin. The executive committee to Whom all requests should be addressed; Fred Brill, Wm. Herman, Dr. A. R. Keiffer, G. W. Campbell, S. Huffman, C. W. Davis, H. Boeschen. * * * The great day for the encampment passed well at Lincoln with 160 ex-veterans being enrolled by George Leech. The huge gathering was entertained in regular picnic style with the usual merry-go-round, dancing and other amusements but most were content to stay in the shade in the spacious grove recently occupied by the Lutherans. A couple of volunteer speakers attempted to discuss politics but the disapprobriation manifested soon hushed them up. The sham battle was the most creditable affair despite the small force, and the fight was probably better than in any previous encampment, There were two pieces of artillery and a number of horsemen that added much to the force of the combatants. The field was a splendid one. Below we give the names of the ex-soldiers attending:
John Ashby, U. S. Navy, Warsaw. Charles Koon, 30th Mo. Infantry, Sedalia. A. W. Winzenburg, F 9th Ills., Sedalia. John Hams, M., 3rd M., I., Cole Camp. Louis Juno, B., T.M.M., Lincoln. N. B. Petts, 6, 51st m., Warsaw F. W. Keseman, K., 5th Croti C., Lincoln W. Kennedy, K. 8th M.S.M., Lincoln A. Sisemore, G., 11th M.S.M., Warsaw H. Boeschen, A., 5th M.S.M., Warsaw Wm. Adams, G., 19th U.S.A., Lincoln Alfred Wilson, A., 45th Ill s., I., Lincoln Wm. Marze, H., 21st M.V.I., lona City. D. E. Howe, G, 11th M.V.C., Iona City. C. Partner, C., 5th M.S.M., Cole Camp Wm. Antwiler, H., 48th M.V.I., Warsaw T. P. Ham, A., 60th E.M.M.C., Warsaw I. S. England, A., Osage R.H.G., Lincoln E. Kirkendall, H., 11th Osage I., Warsaw E. Smith, F., 20th Ills., I., Calhoun P. S. Williams, 19th N. Y. Bat., Ft. Lyon E. T. Mason, D., 77th M. M., Palo Pinto Sam Taylor, E., 1st Ark., Vol., Mt. View Sam Holland, H., 1st Ark., VoL, Lincoln Geo, W. H. Taylor, D., 68th U.S. Co. I., Warsaw Luis Davis, M., 5th Iowa Cav., Windsor S. W. Smith, D., 52nd Wise., I., Warsaw Nelson Place, J., 4th Iowa I., Hastain Chas. E. Paige, E., 4th Vermont I. Jersey F. D. Moore, B., 8th MS.M., Cross Timbers .Jas, F. Davis, F., 8th M. Cav., Warsaw A. J. Reess, D., 68th U. S. Co. I., Warsaw Geo. W. Walker, C. 16th M.S.M., Ft. Lyon T. W. Cole, B., 34rd Wis., Green Ridge James B.M. Campbell, B., 33rd 111. Vet. V., Green Ridge Geo. McLaughlin, E., 43rd Ohio I., Green Ridge Jonathan Autrieth, E., 7th M.S.M., Warsaw Newberry Hobbs, C., 6th M.S.M., Fairfield J. E. Phifer, E., 7th M.S.M. Cole Camp John J. Hedgpeth, K., 8th M.S.M., Warsaw H. M. Pyle, F., 7th Minn., Warsaw H. T. Bolen, 141ft Ohio Bat., Lamonte Wm. Bush., F., 8th M.S.M. Cav., Calhoun J. r. Carlin, E., 125th O.V.M., Lincoln George Leech, G., 7th M. I., Warsaw Fred A. Kullman, E., 13th M. C., Cole Camp Lt. T. F. Cockburn, F., 45th M. Vol. I., Stover Jas Iroin, A , 7th M.S:M., Calhoun Sam'l Winegartner, H., 142nd Ind. Vol. I, Lincoln John B. Lemon, A., Osage R. H. G., Warsaw Sam'l Huffman, H., 33rd O.V.I., Lincoln Chas. E. Madlegh, B., 33rd Ills., V. V. INFT., Green Ridge B. F. Abbott, B., 13th Ohio Vol. I., Mora Wm. W. Carpenter, G., 1st Nebr., V. Vol. Cav., Iona City W. H. Redman, K., 9th Tenn. Cav., Fairfield T. J. Heffner, F., 136th Ills. I., Green Ridge J. D. Mitchel, C., 102nd O.V.I., Quincy Henry Cox, H., 6th M.S.M., Warsaw Henry M. Piles, F., 7th Ind., Windsor John S. Keller, A., 7th S.M.M. Cav., Quincy G. F. Bryant, F., 8th M.S.M., Warsaw I. N. Giffin, K., 8th Ills., Cross Timbers T. B. White, H., 42nd Ohio, Warsaw 'Joseph Cochran, K., 10th Ills. Cav., Warsaw R. J. Poe, C., 54th Kentucky I., Warsaw J. Edmondson, C., 7th M.S.M., Calhoun P. Rowan, F., 125th Ills., I., Ft. Lyon Martin Cate, P., 5th Ills. Cav., Palo Pinto S. L. Hastings, F., 25th Ills. I., Dumpville A. Dunpee, F., 138th Ind., Green Ridge Alexander Shaffer, A., 113th Ohio Inf., Ft. Lyon M. Sheble, G., 175th Ohio, Green Ridge Thomas Lynn, F., 8th M.S.M., Warsaw A. Huston, E., 137th tns., Windsor G. W. Little, B., 9 M.S.M., Calhoun C. Mence, D., 13th U. S. Inft.., Warsaw P. Dump, H., 33rd O.V.I., LaMonte T. Hollenber, A., 12th Ills. Cav., Windsor M. D. Moore, I., 45th M. Inf., Cole Camp John Carman, I., 107th O.V.J., Windsor J. M. Mothersbaugh, E., 7th M.S.M., Galie W. M. Gant, I., 25th Ohio, Palo Pinto W. W. Downing, D., 33rd Ohio, Warsaw W. R. Neil, A., 46th Illinois, Ft. Lyon Sam'l Ferguson, B., 91st Ohio, Windsor .J. M. Holland, F., 18th Iowa, Lincoln 10 Jackson, E., 7th M.S.M., Lincoln A. A. Marple, C., 6th M.S.M., Cole Camp H. Marple, C., Peo. Mo., Versailles L. I. Ellis, G., 5th Peo., Mo., Ft. Lyon H. P. Allen, H., 5th Peo. Mo., Lincoln R. A. Vance, I., 72nd Ind. Mtd. I. Wilders B. Army Cumberland, Cross Timbers T. N. Batts, H., 18th Ky. Infty. 14th army corps, Windsor I. W. Chewing, A., 2nd Peo. M.S.M., Lincoln Wm. Kullman, E., 13th M. Cay., Lincoln Samuel Pinkman, K., 1st Ark. I., Palo Pinto A. McGrannahan, C., 125th Ills. VoL, Warsaw Jos. Chehaski, K., 8th M.S.M., Lincoln Jas. S. Leech, G., 7th M. Inf., Holden Elias Gerkey, B., 118th O. V. I., Warsaw W. F. Colman, C., 7th M.S.M., Ft. Lyon S. D. Miller. K.. 8th M.S.M.• Lincoln Philip Keown, r., 126th ms., Ft. Lyon G. W. Bidewell, K., 183rd Ills., Green Ridge B. F. Sims, A., 48th Ohio, Calhoun G. W. Laird, E., 153rdllls., Warsaw Harry Ingram, I., 29th Bat. Mo., Mt. View Geo, Lent, I., 9th Ills. Inft.'., Fairfield H. R. Burnett, H., 45th Mo., Otterville John Schusling, K., 25th Ills. I., Iona City W. H. Eaton, F., 8th M.S.M., Fairfield T. C. Chapman, H., 110 O.V.I., Warsaw Richard Walls, I., 70th Ills., Hastain Louis Walter, G., 12th Mo. Inft., Lincoln W. Howard, G., 39th Del. Cav., Lincoln J. O. Farrell, H., 1st M. D. Cav., Mora R. P. Whittaker, C., 11th M. C., Green Ridge John Braden, C., 6th M.S.M. Cav., Boyler's Mill James N. Bromle, 173rd Ohio I., Windsor William Hix, K., 81st Ind. Infty, Windsor Henry Puckett, F., 15th Kans. C., Fairfield I. M. Cook, K., 151st Ills. Infty., Lincoln James Huff, K., 8th M.SM., Zora Geo. Mcleath, D., 68th U.S. Col. I., Warsaw Rudolph Holly, C. 7th M.S.M. Warsaw Richard Jones, C., 7th M.S.M., Leesville A. D. McGuilse, F., llOth O.V.I., Leesville Alex Miller, M., 6th Pa. A. H.A., Lincoln A. Madden, B., 151st O. V. Infty.; Calhoun E. B. Delosier, F., 8th M.S.M., Leesville Jas. Shewrow, B., 8th Ky. Infty., Calhoun I. C. Huffman, A., 58th Ills. Infty., Calhoun Lewis England, F., 8th M.S.M., Cross Timbers Levi Overman, G., 10th M.I., Green Ridge F. King, 1., 107th O. V. I. Infty., Windsor N. Mason, 10th Ind. Battery, Windsor Jos, Elliott, G., 2nd W. Va. Inft.., Winsor John B Earhart, B., 50th P. V. lnfty., Cole Camp Henry Fifer, C., 59th Ills. Infty., Leesville Geo. W. Tryon, G., 58th Ills., Lincoln G. B. Stratton, K., 33rd Iowa, Windsor Wm A. Oliver, D., 16th Ills. Infty., Fairfield George W. Campbell, A., 6th M.V.C., Warsaw T. J. Nichleson, F., 8th Mo. S.M. Vol. Cav., Edwards J. C. Bedard, F., 47th Mo., Climax Springs H. Chryst, H ,20th Ohio, O. V. P., Sedalia John Silver, E., 7th M.S.M., Lincoln E. M. Hoops, G., 8th Ind. Cav., Leesville A. S. Butler, D., 7th Ills. Inft., Duroc A. D. McQueen, K., llOth O. V. I., Leesville B. F. Young, K., 5th M.S.M., Calhoun J. W. Rains, I., 12th Mo. vei., Leesville Wm, Woods, D., 20th Ind. Intty., Warsaw I. N. Sell, 1., 51st Ohio lnfty., Leesville J. A. Miller, B., 8th Mo. V. V., Leesville Goe. B. Smith, C., 16th M.V.C., Ft. Lyon B. F. Foller, F., 26th Mo. Vol. Infty., Lincoln Geo, A. Hart, B., 8th M.S.M., Hastain
The Benton County Soldier's Association was organized at Warsaw October 15, 1891 and the following officers elected: President--George A. Hart Vice-president--Thomas Benton White, Lindsey township; Peter Holsten, Williams; Fred Boehmer, White; Wm. Cobb, Tom; W. T. Harvey, Alexander; R. N. Smith, Fristoe; T. J. Nicholson, Union, Fred Kullman, Cole. Secretary-Treasurer--Ira Gill, Warsaw.
DISTRICT GAR ENCAMPMENT
A four-day district GAR encampment was held in August of 1894, in the Hathaway tract, one mile east of Warsaw and veterans who took to their tents had about as comfortable quarters as could be found in hot, drouthy weather. Sheriff G. W. Laird is district commander and G. W. Bennett, acting district adjutant. The latter is keeping a roster of names, company regiment, branch of service, corps and present post office of each veteran. One hundred registered, over two-thirds from outside the county. . In addition to the veterans was quite a large crowd who were interested m looking on or patronizing the merry-go-round the wheels of fortune, the other gaming devices, the two floors for white and Negro dancers and a few other shows. Watermelons were plentiful and venders of throat washes and popcorn were competing for business. Speaking was of an impromptu character-several old soldiers giving their opinions on pensions. G. W. Bidwell of Green Ridge, who had three-legged pig show, made a comic speech and turned summersaults on the stage. He said he had been traveling for 50 years and that was why he had no sense--didn't stay in one place long enough to load up, Ira Gill of Warsaw, W. R. Neal of Ft. Lyon, A. G. Miller of Ticker and others made their speeches. The Warsaw cornet band played numerous patriotic airs, which wafted sweetly over the grounds. Most popular was Marching Thru Georgia, which, by the way, was never heard in that stubborn old rebel state, or anywhere else, until after the war. Messrs. Burney, Jackson and Hastain spoke on the last two days and a number of the soldiers spoke of their war experiences. The register showed 16 states represented, Missouri in the lead with 89 ex-veterans. It also showed 185 enrolled and, of that number, all but one-sixth are receiving pensions.
DAUGHTER DANCES IN AFRICA
December 9, 1898 Major Harry Mitchell of the Second Missouri Volunteers has joined the regular army and has been appointed major of the 14th U. S. Infantry, doing garrison duty at Matanzas, He was reared on a Benton County farm and lived in Warsaw while sheriff and collector of the county. Afterwards, for many years, he was a popular hotel keeper at Nevada, where he joined the army when the war broke out. He is the father of Miss Lola Mitchell, the famous vaudeville dancer, who returned last year from a tour in foreign countries. She visited the Transvaal in South Africa and was invited by the Dutch president to dine with him. Miss Lola's mother was the daughter of Capt. James, who resided at Warsaw during the war and afterward kept a hotel for many years at Appleton City.
MR. PARKS REMINISCES
The Enterprise reported, in February of 1906, that S. M. Parks had returned to his old homestead a mile west of Cole Camp after spending eight years in Arkansas. Mr. Parks was in the 45th Missouri infantry in the Civil War and came to Warsaw to see the pension board. It had been 32 years since he had been to Benton County seat. He recalled that, with a party of 16 of his regiment, during the war, he was out foraging on Lake Creek and they were chased by 300 of Bill Anderson's cavalry. The mounted infantry had about a half mile start and they were chased three miles to the Lake Creek brush, near Louis Granneman's. Parks said the rebels were close enough to him, after he got into the brush, for him to hear them talking.
Spanish-American War Among Benton Countians who served in the Spanish-American War were: Whitley Feaster, who was attending the Normal at Warrensburg, and enlisted in the 11th Infantry. Edgar L. Wheeler, who was in Co. D, 2nd Missouri Regiment, and attended the cadet school at Columbia. George Armstrong, of Union township, with the 2nd Missouri, who became ill with typhoid in Kentucky. John Allen, with the 2nd Regimental Cavalry. John W. Clark, of Fairfield, with Company D, 1st Arkansas. Eugene Dawson, Tom township, who went with a Nebraska regiment. W. S. Reno of Duree, with the 2nd Arkansas.
Also with the 2nd Missouri Infantry, from Warsaw: Clark Drake, Harry Porch, Ed English, Dan Hewitt, William Bryant, John Bryant and Newel Short. From Fairfield: H. O. Wale. From Edwards: Otis Nichelson, Henry Carter and from Tebo, John Lewis. Former Warsaw lawyer and mayor, P, D. Hastain of Sedalia, was selected for a place in the commissary department with the War Department. His rank was captain and pay around $2800 a year. Dr. S. O. Davis of Warsaw received his notice of appointment in May, 1898, as assistant surgeon of the 2nd Missouri Regiment and Dr. S. K. Crawford, also of Warsaw, was surgeon. (A surgeon's pay was around $240 monthly and his assistant, $180.) Dr. Crawford was notified that he was over age and that he could not serve. He didn't take this lying down but notified Washington friends and had the age annulment cancelled and was then commissioned by Governor Stephens. (His friend, P, D. Hastain, handled the matter for him in Washington.) In June of 1898, Mr. and Mrs. Lowell B. White of Warsaw were in St. Louis and Lowell made a trip to Jefferson Barracks to see the volunteers: "Went out to Jefferson Barracks Monday morning and saw Edgar Wheeler, also Drs. Davis and Crawford. The scenes at the Barracks are quite war-like. The ground is hilly and tents are everywhere, while companies are drilling continuously. Stayed out there till late in the afternoon. There are two other boys from Henton County in the Sedalia company-c-one of the Grimms and Mr. Mussman of Cole Camp. Edgar Wheeler says they have never had enough to eat yet. The second regiment is being examined today.
In July of 1898, Dr. Crawford was called from Chicamauga due to the illness of Mrs. H. A. Tompkins. When he returned to camp, he took the recruits, listed above with the 2nd Missouri, along with him. Said The Enterprise: Dr. Crawford received praise from soldiers for his faithful service and attention to them as a surgeon. Shoulder straps did not make a fool of him.
TWO VOICES * * * *
A SOUTHERN VOLUNTEER
Yes, sir, I fought with Stonewall And faced the fight with Lee But if this Union goes to war. Make one more gun for me! I didn't shrink from Sherman As he galloped to the sea; But if this here Union goes to war, Make one more gun for me! I was with 'em at Manassas--The bully boys in Gray; I heard the thunder roarin' Round Stonewall Jackson's way, And many a time this sword of mine Has blazed the route for Lee: But if this old Nation goes to war, Make one more gun for me! I'm not so full O' fightin' Not half so full O' fun As I was back in the sixties When I shouldered my old gun; It may be that my hair is white-Such things, you know, must be But if this old Union's in for war, Make one more gun for me! I hain't forgot my raisin'-Now how, in sixty-two Or thereabouts, with battle shouts I charged the Boys in Blue: And I say: I fought with Stonewall, And blazed the way for Lee But if this old Union's in for war, Make one more gun for me! -- Atlanta
HIS NORTHERN BROTHER Just make it two, old fellow, I want to stand once more Beneath the old flag with you, As in the days of yore Our fathers stood together And fought on land and sea The battles fierce that made us A nation of the free. I whipped you down at Vicksburg, You licked me at Bull Run; On many a field we struggled, When neither victory won. You wore the gray of Southland, I wore the Northern blue; Like men, we did our duty When screaming bullets flew. For years, we fought like devils, But when the war was done Your hand in mine, in friendly clasp, Our two hearts beat as one. And now when danger threatens, No North, no South we know, Once more, we stand together, To fight the common foe. My head, like yours, is frosty-Old age is creeping on; Life's sun is lower sinking My days will soon be gone. But if our country's honor, Needs once again her son, I'm ready, too, old fellow, So get another gun. (Courts) Minneapolis Journal
Missouri Troops in Civil War. U. S. Gov't Printing Office 1902.
History of Missouri Confederate Brigades. Compendium of War of Rebellion by Frederick Dyer.
The Great Rebellion. 3 vols, The Great Civil War by Robt, Thomes & Benj. Smith 3 Vols
Missouri Army Argus, Osceola, Mo. Nov. 30, 1861
The Story of the Guard by Jessie Benton Fremont 1863
The War of the Rebellion. U. S. Gov't, 1892
History of 1st - 2nd Mo. Confederate Brigades.
1861-1865 German National Bund "Deutsche Geschicteforschung Feur Missouri" annual publication. Sedalia, Mo. Press 1913
Judge Jas. H. Lay's History of Benton County Missouri 1876. Six County (Mo.) History Goodspeed Publishing Co.
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