Benton County, Missouri
THE OLD KINKEAD HOMESTEAD
The Kinkeads were among the first settlers of Benton County and this picture was taken at the turn of the century. The late Roy Kinkead is sitting on the fence and standing are his parents, Belle Halley Kinkead and Albert Jr. Kinkead, and "Uncle Jodie" Kinkead. Other children of Albert and Belle Kinkead were George
Kinkead, who now lives east of Spring Grove Church and Hallie Nash of Kansas City. After Belle' s death, Albert remarried and their children were E. B. Kinkead and Faye McCubbin. This house was built on land purchased by Milton Kinkead from the Indians for $9 and the family lived in a wigwam until it was constructed. It was located near a fine spring. Milton Kinkead came to Benton County from Hopkinsville, Kentucky, by ox team. He was accompanied by John Graham, who settled on what was later known as the Forest
Wilson Farm, now part of the Kaysinger Dam project. George Blanton, Milton Kinkead's brother-in-law, settled up the creek on what later was known as the Hunter and Price Gregory Neil farm, now owned by Roy Cole. It also is in the Kaysinger area. Estel Kinkead, Warsaw stock man and well-known resident, is a son of Jodie Kinkead, the little boy sitting on the fence.
THEY SAW THE BEAUTY OF THIS LAND!
They said, "Let's tarry a while. They did. And with this book, the dust of memory s tirs again around their homestead.
DRIPPING SPRINGS are located 3/4 mile to a mile upstream on Big Tebo Creek, from the mouth of Clear Creek on the Benton and Henry County line. Water runs out of the ground on the creek bank and pours over a limestone rock overhang. It falls some eight to ten feet to the ground below, near the water of the creek. The creek was up when this picture was taken, according to B. W. Chastain. It was taken looking out toward the creek. The springs will be covered up by the water of Kaysinger Lake. A Mr. Proctor, one of the first settlers in this area, built a cabin not far from the Dripping Springs. He came to Benton, then went back to Kentucky in 1837 and told Jacob Chastain how fine the country was--and the latter moved here with family and slaves and settled in the same area.
The first recorded white men in the Benton County area were Philip Renault and Claude DuTisne in 1719. Others came soon after them, the traders bringing implements, powder, lead, clothes, trinkets and often whiskey which they traded with the Indians. French traders, American hunters and trappers kept a thin line of commerce up and down the Osage River basin until the old Missionary Trail from Jefferson City to the Indian Mission at Harmony in Bates County was established in 1821. By 1830 the
river was an artery of immigration. In 1825 the government had established the military road from Palmyra in east Missouri thru Cole Camp, Warsaw and Springfield to Fort Smith, Arkansas and beyond. Warsaw was the crossroad of western Missouri. The earlier settlements were located in valleys at the edge of timber and the condition which usually determined the location of a home site was that it be near a spring of running water, The settlers in that early day mostly were from Kentucky, Tennessee and the Carolinas
where they didn't know how to make a field unless it was hewn out of a forest. So they'd locate a spring on a branch, clear 3 or 4 acres of land for a field, costing them more labor than it would have to cultivate a 40 acre field of prairie. The pioneers were for the most part farmers of Scotch-Irish, German and English extraction. They were a restless, adventurous and enterprising lot, brave to a fault. These won the struggle of the wilderness. They came from north, east and south. Only the west contributed
nothing but beckoning bounty in the development of Benton County. And The first settler was Ezekiel Williams in what is now Cole Township.
THE PIONEERS' LIFE
They used their inventive wits. Doors were made of clapboards, floors of mother earth, bedsteads with one leg were fastened to the walls at the corners of the houses, wagon grease was made of honey which was only 25 cents per gallon or about 1cent per lb. in the comb. A family really felt civilized when it had good puncheon floors and 2 bedsteads. Bread was scarce and what crops were made were liberally divided so that all could have a little bread. There was very few hogs but lots of wild game, so with the faithful dog and flintlock, everyone had plenty. Meal was made by pounding the corn in a stump mortar, the coarsest for hominy and the finest for bread, and very dark at that. Men then worked for 50 cents per day. Neighbors were few and far between, but everybody was friendly and willing to divide the last mouthful. One of the first tasks for the pioneer was to throw together some sort of rude shelter for his family; then next came making a mortar for reducing corn to particles small enough to serve as food. The best mortars were made in the standing stump of a post oak or white oak tree (most were made in logs). Such hard work was the fashioning and the farmer Who boasted a well proportioned and deep mortar in a solid post oak stump congratulated himself on his industry and good fortune. Fire was used to aid the axe so bread usually was very dark. With a hand made wooden pestle the corn was laboriously pulverized before being sifted thru a thin bit of muslin. The coarser bits were used for hominy and finer for meal or cornbread. Most of these contrivances were followed by a "sweep pestle", much heavier than could be worked by hand and hung on a balanced pole after the fashion of a old fashioned well sweep. A single blow from the machine was equal to a dozen from a hand-worked pestle and many farmers continued to use the sweep-pestle after mills were established in the area.
EARLY DAY SETTLERS TO 1836
(Name and Date of Arrival)
Benton County, Missouri
Allred, James (??)
Alsup, ----- 1832
Barber, Dick 1832
Barnett, W. H. 1834
Beck, Duvald 1834
Bell, Edward P. 1833
Bess, Jeremiah 1832
Bishop, Thomas J. 1832
Blanton, George 1832
Bledsoe, Lewis 1831
Boeschen, John and Gesche 1833
Breshears, Alex 1833
Brookshires, The 1833
Browder, James 1834
Brown, John ----
Brown, Oliver L. G. 1832
Bryant, Andy 1835
Carpenter, Jacob 1835
Carrico, James O. 1832
Carter, Maniel, Elijah and Edmond 1832
Case, Emanuel 1834
Cathey, George 1835
Cleveland, John 1836
Cleveland, Roland 1836
Colllins William D. 1832
Chastain, Jacob 1835
Cornwall, Adamson 1834
Cox, Travis 1834
Crabtree, Peter 1833
Crabtree, Solomon ---
Crews, Cabel 1833
Daniels, Samuel 1833
Davis, Henry 1835
Dawson, Jonas & Jacob 1834
Dean, John & William 1834
Denton, William 1834
Derrell, Washington 1835
Dinwiddie --- before 1830
Donaghe, (hunter and trapper) 1834
Doty, Elijah 1833
Duren, Mannen 1831
Eastwood, John W. 1835
Eifert, John ---
Elbert, Henry Y. 1835
Elmore, ---- 1832
Fewel, Zack 1835
Foster, ---- 1832
Fowler, Samuel 1835
Fouche, ---- Prior 1830
(hunter and Trapper)
Garth, Major 1834
Glover, Richard 1835
Godwin, James 1834
Goetz, John ---
Graham, John, Sr. 1832
(first census taker)
Hall, Philip 1832
(Tavern near Breshears Store)
Harryman, Sympkins 1832
Helvey, Champion 1835
Hogle, John F. Prior 1820
Holland, Wesley 1834
Holloway, John 1832
Holtzen, Henry ---
Hooper, Joseph 1835
Howard, John H. 1832
Howser, Stephen A. 1831
Hudson, ---- 1835
Huff, Nathan 1833
Hughes, Elias 1833
Hughes, George H. 1832
Jack, N. D. ---
James,C. C. 1833
Jeans, William 1834
Johnson, Lewis 1832
Joneses, The 1833
Kays, William 1833
Kidwell, David 1834
Kincaid, Milton 1832
Leach, Robert 1835
Lindsay, Judge John 1833
Linn. ---- 1833
Linn, :.--- 1833
McCulloh, Samuel ---
McFarland, Walter 1834
May, Samuel B. 1835
Mishler, prior 1830
Moon, Thomas 1832
Morgan, Allen 1832
Murray, James D. ----
Nave, Daniel 1832
Neas, Adam 1835
Nichols, Albert 1835
Nicholson, Isaac 1833
Norton, Sampson 1833
Odneal, Levi 1832
Peak, William 1836
Pensineau, prior 1820
Redd, David 1835
Richardson, George 183
(first white resident on Pomme deTerre)
Rippin, Samuel 1835
Rizley, Levi M. 1836
Roberts, John 1834
Ross Brothers, 1831
Saulsbury, Isaac 1834
Scaggs, John 1834
Shipton, John ----
Stelljes, Claus 1834
Stewarts, ---- 1834
Thouvenel, Joseph ---
Timpkins, Jacob ---
Tyree, prior to 1830
Warren,Thomas C. 1836
Weaver, Samuel 1833
White, Judge William 1831
Wickliff, Isaac 1834
Williams, B. H. & John M. 1834
Williams, Ezekiel 1830
Williams, Richard ---
Wisdom, James M. 1834
Wright, John B. & Montgomery 1833
Woodson, Samuel 1834
Yeager --- 1832
(store at Bledsoe's Ferry)
The first settlers in what is now Benton County were John F. Hogle, a German, and Narcisse Pensineau, a Frenchman. The Pensineaus were among the earliest of the French settlers about Cahokia, Ill.-noted fur traders in the Northwest. Hogle has his name perpetuated in the name of Hogle Creek. It was at the mouth of this stream that Hogle and Pensineau established a trading post. It cannot be ascertained what year they came, but it was long before the earliest pioneer settlers followed them into the dark wilderness. Hogle became Indian agent of the government. They came seeking the barter and trade with the Indians, and fixed their trading post at the mouth of this creek, where was the largest Indian village in what is now Benton County. This was the first non-Indian settlement, and theirs the first store.
In 1832 Thomas J. Bishop, the first county and circuit clerk, came as a clerk for Hogle. He was a bright, energetic young man, a fine scribe, and he succeeded to the ownership of the trading post, and for some time the only point of supplies for many miles was "Bishop's Store," as the place was called. The store was discontinued in 1838, soon after the Indians left, and Bishop moved to Warsaw. He had come from Philadelphia, Pa. and had bought the store after serving as clerk. It is believed Ezekiel Williams was the first Anglo-Saxon settler in Benton County. He came in the fall of 1830 or the spring of 1831, He first settled on the Fordney place, afterward on the place widely known as the Williams place, southwest of Cole Camp. He had been one of Lewis and Clark's men in their early expeditions to the Northwest. The next was Oliver L. G. Brown, soon after Williams. In the same year two men named Ross built their cabin near the mouth of Ross Creek. In February, 1831, Mannen Duren came and built his cabin at the mouth of Duren Creek. He brought stock from Pettis County, and wintered his animals on the bottom grasses. His next neighbor was William Kelley, who settled the Marcellus Jeans place. In the latter part of 1831, Lewis Bledsoe settled on the Osage River about half a mile above Warsaw, on the old military road from Palmyra to Springfield, and established a ferry. The spot where he built his cabin on the river bank is now in Dr. Crawford's field. In a short time a man named Yeager opened a store at Bledsoe's ferry.
In 1831 Stephen A. Howser settled where Warsaw now is. His cabin was near where the Gilbert mill and later the railway depot stood on lower Main St. and the river front. It is said he purchased the right of Indians. The Indians as well as Howser had been attracted by the fine spring, near which was Charles Wall's house near the intersection of Briggs-Jefferson Sts, The Wall house was torn down in 1930 because of backwater from Lake of the Ozarks created by Bagnell Dam. It was a two story brick. In 1832 George H. Hughes, Levi Odineal, Thomas Moon and a man named Alsup came from Cooper County to engage in raising stock, expecting to winter them on the rich bottom grasses. They settled on the old Tyree place. A severe winter met them, and much of the stock perished. In 1832 Sympkins Harryman and Daniel Nave were added to their neighbors. William Ripetoe, this year, became the first settler on Pomme de Terre River. In 1832 Judge George Alexander settled on Turkey Creek, on the place afterward Mrs. Thurman's. He engaged in traffic with the Indians. In 1835, after the Indians left the west side of Pomme de Terre, he moved across and bought the Indian claim, where they had a village, giving them $60 for the right. The place became in time the property of his son, John H. Alexander. Capt. John Holloway and his wife, Nancy and family came in April 1832, a Kentuckian, but latterly from northern Illinois, where he had been in the Black Hawk War. He settled at Heath's Bend, on the Osage River. C. G. Heath, after whom the bend is named, was his son-in-law. He bought the Holloway farm when the family moved to California during the Gold rush.
In 1832 the first settlement was made on the Little Tebo, by Milton Kincaid, John Gresham, Sr., and George Blanton, with their families. Kincaid purchased of the Indians a clearing, later the farm of Albert Kincaid. Gresham built near Spring Grove Chrueh, John H. Howard and Lewis Johnson, the same year, settled on the Osage River below Warsaw. Hon, James H. Lay says these comprise all the immigrants who came prior to 1833, the year when the great tide of immigration set westward. The information as to where and by whom settlements were made between 1833 and 1836 are as follows: Three free negro brothers settled near Fairfield, Edmond Carter on the Crabtree place in the bottom, and the other two, Lige and Manuel Carter at what was named "Free Nigger Springs," on the Hosmann place southeast of town. Crabtree settled on the Pomme de Terre: Peter and Nathan Huff on the E. K. Bailey place; Alexander Breshears and Sampson Norton settled on Breshears' Prairie, and above them were the Joneses and Brookshires, more fully referred to in the Turk-Jones affray, or "Slicker War." In this s ettlement were Samuel Weaver and Samuel Daniels; on the prairie north were Isaac Saulsbury and Edward P, Bell; across the Pomme de Terre, now in Hickory County, were Judge Joseph C. Montgomery, Samuel Judy and John Graham.
Of the first settlers on Hogle Creek was James M. Wisdom. It is said that Wisdom had to go to Niangua to find help to raise his house. The first settlers on Turkey Creek were Samuel Weaver, Duvald Beck, Walter McFarland, W. H. Barnett, B. H. Williams, Joseph Hooper, David Kidwell, Jacob Dawson, John Scaggs, Mr. Hudson and William Kays, who built the first mill in Benton County, on the Osage River, a little above the mouth of Turkey Creek.
A man named Elmore was the first settler on Deer Creek,
about two and a half miles above its mouth. On this creek also were Elijah Doty, Jonas Dawson and George Richardson. John M. Williams and William Denton were the first settlers on the Osage below Warsaw. They made their improvements on what is known as the Denton land. Isaac Nicholson settled near Howard and Johnson, above mentioned. Above these were William Jeans and the Donaghe's.. Above Warsaw in the Shawnee Bend were John B. and Montgomery Wright, James and John Roberts, on the old Balliette place Isaac Wickliffe,
James Browder, above a short distance and John and William Dean. at Dean Island, and Emanuel Case.
THE HENRY THOMAS BRESHEARS FAMILY--taken around 1910. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Thomas Breshears are seated.
Daughters, standing behind them, Lillie Johnson, in white blouse, and Emma Wright. Sons, from left to right, are Perry, James T., John H., Jasper W.
MR. AND MRS. ELBERT WILSON (Lena Howard)
With Mary Mabel and Harley Taken Early 1900's
TAKEN ABOUT 1900, this photo shows Mr. and Mrs. John Franklin Poague of Lincoln. They were parents of John William Poague
OLD-TIME HOME, a few miles northwest of Warsaw, was this residence built in 1840 by the Neace family, Benton County pioneers.
An old family cemetery is on the property, owned by Gene Gibson when the home was taken down in 1967.
The house was made of logs with walnut siding and put together with pegs.
The first settlement on Grand River was at the Bettie Foster Ford by the Fosters and Anglins, On the big Tebo were first Adamson Cornwall Joshua Graham and Cabel Crews. On the Little Tebo were Elias Hughes, Judge John W. Lindsay, one of the Limas, Henry Davis, Andy Bryant, Judge William White, Davis Redd, Adam Neas, On Cole Camo Creek in addition to those already named. were John Tyree, (the county's first casualty in the Civil War), Jacob Carpenter, George Cathey, Travis Cox, Wesley Holland, Albert Nichols, John W. Eastwood, Samuel Fowler and Champion Helvey.
On Indian Creek was John Shipton. He built the first mill in this part of the county, and it was a noted place for years, as it supplied the surrounding northern country for many miles. The place was once platted and made a village, with the serious intention of becoming a village.
On Lake Creek the first were James Q. Carrico, Joseph Lebow, Allen Morgan and C. C. James. Carrico's and Lebow's names appear among the first land entries, and they are probably among the first settlers in the county . Other early comers on this creek were Gesche' and John Boeschen, Henry Holsten, John Eifert, John Goetz, N. D. Jack and Jacob Limkin, The Boeschens opened a store. Near the store were Richard Williams, Solomon Crabtree, Joseph Thouvenal, James Allard, Samuel McCulloh, John Brown and James D. Murray. There was on the old road running north and south James Godwin, who opened a tavern, and he and Harrison as landlords were noted for their entertainment of travelers.
On the head of Brush Creek were first Jeremiah Bess and his brother in- law, Carter. In 1835 a colony came from Bourbon County, Ky., and located in this neighborhood, In this colony were Roland McDaniel and sons, Elias, George, Benjamin and William; also Henry Y. Elbert and his sons, Roland, Henry and John, and also Thomas C. Warren, John Cleavland, William Peak and Robert Leach. Among the early settlers, but not of the colony, were Chastain Cock and Zachariah Fewell.
On Clear Creek were Jacob Chastain, Richard Glover, Levy M. Rizley, William Simpson, Samuel Rippin, Washington Dorrell and Samuel B. May.
The first settlers who ventured out on the prairies were George W. Rives, Stephen H. Douglas, R. S. Coates, Hiram P, Casey, Stephen H. Davie, on North Prairie; Samuel Orr, James and Wiley Vinson settled near Lincoln; James H. Lay, C. L. Perry, Lindsay Bowman, Johnson Shobe were on Little Tebo; Alexander Davidson, Markham Fristoe and Samuel Parks, on Clear Creek.
In addition to the above, among the immigrants during the 30's may be noted the following: Andrew S. Bryan, Robert Pogue, Billington Johnson, C. Elinon, Stephen L. Bowles, Caleb W. Barr, Marshall Bowman, Peter Burns, H. S. Chalmers, Pemberton Carson, John Dunn, Jacob Dobkins, C. W. Fanthorpe, Micajah Gentry. Allen Ghee, Richard and Aquilla Glover, George R. Herndon, Alexander Hannah, R. C. Henry, Britton Holland, John Keaton, Thomas A. Lea, James H. Lay, Thomas McCaul, Anderson Prewett, Samuel Rippin, Robinson Ruddle, Joseph Redd, William Sally, James Vinson, James A. Weymouth, Henry A. Willis, Montgomery Wright, John Wynoms, Lewis Dillon and John B. Clark.
Mrs. Charles Walls, of Warsaw, daughter of James W. Smith, a pioneer of the county, came with her parents at the age of twelve years, in 1836. Her recollections of the first settlers and their customs were very distinct. The nearest post office at first was Boonville, and for some time the nearest mill. The first postmaster in Warsaw was Adamson Cornwall, and for years the mails were carried on a pony express weekly. In a short time the people could cease grating their corn meal and grind their corn at a horse-mill, five miles east of Warsaw. The first preaching she heard, and about the first in the county, was in a grove near Warsaw by a man named Duncan. People would go many miles, the whole family in an ox cart, if they heard there was to be preaching. Soon after the horse-mill was built, two stills were in operation, one north and the other south of the river.
EARLY LAND ENTRIES
The lands in Benton County were not surveyed and sectionized until 1836, and therefore no entries could precede this date. Richard Williams, it will be seen by the list below, made the first entry. There were nine entries in 1836. The following, with descriptive numbers, show the 12 particular localities in the county:
Township 43, Range 20: Jacob Timkin, July 27, 1839, southeast quarter of Section 9; John Timkin, March 23, 1839, east half of the northeast quarter of Section 22; Henry Khors, October 14, 1837, westhalf of the northwest quarter of Section 25; Gesche Miller. June 19, 1839, east half of the northwest quarter of section 22; Peter Miller, June 19, 1839, southeast quarter of the southeast quarter of Section 22; Gesche Boeschen, March 2, 1839, east half of the northwest quarter of Section 10; James Q. Carrico, August 22, 1837, northwest quarter of Section 9; Joseph Lebow, December 10, 1836, east half of the southeast quarter of Section 5; Benjamin Mcf'arland, February 8, 1837, south half of the northeast quarter of Section 5; John Eifort, July 3, 1839, southeast quarter of the northeast quarter of Section 3; Conrad Ringen, October 14, 1837, northeast quarter of the southwest quarter and the northwest quarter of the southeast quarter of Section 14; John Gerken, October 14, 1837, southeast quarter of the southwest quarter and the southwest quarter of the southeast quarter of Section 14; Peter Gerken, August 14, 1839, southwest quarter of the southwest quarter of Section 14; Henry Holzen, October 14, 1837, east half of the northwest quarter and west half of the northeast quarter of Section 14, east half of the southwest quarter and west half of the southeast quarter of Section 11; Oelrig Jagles, March 29, 1839, northeast quarter of Section 11; John Boeschen, March 23, 1839, east half of the southeast quarter of Section.
Township 40, Range 20: John M. Williams, August 9, 1836, southwest quarter of Section 14, Charles A Hayden, June 6, 1839, southeast quarter of Section 15; Rodham K. Pogue, April 5,1837, southwest quarter of the northwest quarter of Section 15; Thomas Robinson, April 25, 1840, southwest quarter of the southwest quarter of Section 15; John L. Holly, May 23, 1839, northwest quarter of the northwest quarter of Section 15; Isaac Nicholson, July 10, 1836, southwest quarter of the northwest quarter of Section 8; John H. Howard, August 4, 1836, northeast quarter of Section 7; Virgil Newsom, July 30, 1836, southwest quarter of the southwest quarter of Section 6.
Township 40, Range 21: Smith B. Howard, November 15, 1839, northeast quarter of Section 4; Samuel Sapp, South point, northeast quarter of Section 5; Elijah Cherry, January 14, 1840, southwest quarter of the northwest quarter of Section 5; William Donaghe, December 24, 1839, southwest quarter of the northeast quarter of Section 6; James C. Blankenship, December 3, 1839, northwest quarter of the southwest quarter of Section 6.
Township 40, Range 23; Nathaniel G. Brown, December 16, 1839, southwest quarter of the northwest quarter of Section 9; James Foster, December 3, 1839, northeast quarter of the northeast quarter of Section 9; William Foster, December 4,1839, southeast quarter of the southwest quarter of Section 5; David Menice, January 18, 1840, southeast quarter of the southeast quarter of Section 9; John C. and Isaac H. Lusk, November 2, 1839, northeast quarter of Section 24; John Halloway, October 4, 1839, southwest quarter of Section 15; Daniel Martin, November 21, 1839, southeast quarter of Section 14; John B. Wright, in August, 1839, south half of Section 11; William Porter, November 20, 1839, southwest quarter of Section 12; John Stewart, November 20, 1839, west half of the northeast quarter of Section 12; David L. Hamilton, November 20, 1839, northwest quarter of Section 12.
Township 41, Range 21: John Lemon, November 12, 1839, southwest quarter of Section 5; Daniel Nave, March 2, 1841, southeast quarter of the northeast quarter of Section 7; Alexander R. Russell, January 7, 1841, northeast quarter of the southwest quarter of Section 7; Edward Moore, November 4, 1839, southeast quarter of the southwest quarter of Section 22; Jacob Byler, August 26, 1839, northeast quarter of the southwest quarter of Section 22; Thomas Dillon, November 4, 1839, northwest quarter of the southeast quarter of Section 28; Thomas C. Burgis, November 11, 1839, east half of the northwest quarter of Section 28.
Township 41, Range 22: John S. Lingle, November 2, 1839, west half of the southeast quarter of section 10; George W. Crabb, November 9, 1839, west half of the northeast quarter of Section 10; Alfred W. Morrison, October 26, 1839, northwest quarter of Section 10; Charles S. Halloway, October 24, 1839, southwest quarter of Section 5; Samuel Orr, Jr., October 24, 1839, south half of Section 9; William Harley, November 4, 1839, southeast quarter of Section 8; John B. Clark, December 13, 1839, southeast quarter of the northeast quarter of Section 20. Township 41, Range 23: Elias Hughes, October 10, 1839, northeast quarter Section 25; John Graham, October 25, 1839, east half of the southeast quarter of Section 25; Daniel Lynn, October 10, 1839, southeast quarter of Section 15; Joseph D. Redd, October 15, 1839, east half of the southeast quarter of Section 2; Zachariah Fewell, December 13, 1839, west half of the northeast quarter of Section 10; Alexander Davidson, December 4, 1839, east half of the northeast quarter of Section 10; James H. Miller, October 25, 1839, northwest quarter of Section 2; Eber H. Taber, October 25, 1839, north half of the northeast quarter of Section 3; Joshua Graham July 2, 1848, southeast quarter of the northwest quarter of Section 27; Cabel Crews, November 5, 1839, west half of the southwest quarter of Section 21-
Township 42, Range 20: Richard Williams, February 26, 1836, southeast quarter of the southeast quarter of Section 5; Seymour Crabtree, September 2, 1836, west half of the southwest quarter of Section 2; Joseph Thouvenal, March 27,1836, northwest quarter of the southwest quarter of Section 2; W. and J. D. Hay, June 9, 1837, east half of the northwest quarter and west half of the northeast quarter of Section 15. Township 42, Range 21: Albert Nichols, October 23, 1839, West half of the northwest quarter of Section 11; Albert Nichols, November 4, 1839, southwest quarter of the southwest quarter of Section 2; Jacob Carpenter, November 5, 1839, south half of Section 4 and north half of Section 9; Stephen W. Howser, November 4, 1839, east half of the southwest quarter of Section 5; Allen Carpenter, November 4, 1839, north half of the southwest quarter of Section 8; Vincent F. Berry, October 23, 1839, west half of the northwest quarter of Section 8; Travis Cox, October 19, 1839, northeast quarter of Section 7; Albert Rood, November 14, 1839, northeast quarter of Section 7; Albert Rood, November 14, 1839, east half of the northwest quarter of Section 18; Barnett S. Furnish, December 10, 1839, east half of the northwest quarter of Section 19; William T. Dyer, November 27, 1839, east half of the southwest quarter of Section 19; Elisha Davis, May 23, 1837, southeast quarter of the northeast quarter of Section 20; Jonathan Lamb, October 23, 1839, east half of the southeast quarter of Section .20; Cornelius Huett, November 16, 1839, north half of the northwest quarter of Section 29.
Township 43, Range 22: John and James Dunn, November 25, 1839 southwest quarter of Section 34; Alfred Head, November 19, 1840, west half of the southeast quarter and east half of the southwest quarter of Section 26; Wesley Holland, November 4, 1839, southeast quarter of Section 15; Zachariah Bowman, November 4, 1839, northwest quarter of Section 29; Isaac J. Aylsworth, December 10, 1839, southwest quarter of Section 29; James W. Blakely, December 11, 1839, southeast quarter of Section 30; Robert Ferguson, December 11, 1839, east half of the northeast quarter of Section 30; George Ramsey, December 11, 1839, west half of the northeast quarter of Section 30 and east half of the northwest quarter of Section 30; Joh Priestly October 27, 1839, east half of the southwest quarter of Section 30; James Dupree, December 11, 1839, west half of the northwest quarter of Section 31; David Bridgeform, October 25, 1839, north half of the southwest quarter of Section 29; James Dunn, October 24, 1839, east half of the northeast quarter of Section 33; John Dunn, November 25, 1839, east half of the northwest quarter of Section 34; Marcellus Dunn, May 9, 1840, northeast quarter of the northwest quarter of Section 28; William Manning, October 13, 1839, southeast quarter of the northwest quarter of Section 28.
Township 42, Range 23: Ennis McDaniel, October 26, 1839, west half of the southwest quarter of Section 29; George C. McDaniel, October 5, 1839, Jeremiah Bess, October 26, 1839, east half of the northeast quarter of Section 17; William Hickman, November 18, 1839, north half of the southwest quarter of Section 17; George Carter, November 6, 1839, southwest quarter of the southwest quarter of Section 17; Christian Cock, October 26, 1839, west half of the northwest quarter of Section 20; Zachariah Fewell, February 4, 1840, west half of the southeast quarter of Section 30; Richard Fewell, December 13, 1839, northwest quarter of the southwest quarter of Section 32; Richard R. Fewell, October 19, 1839, southeast quarter of Section 31.
The pioneers were Virginians and Kentuckians mostly. The places where they settled shows that they sought for the timbers of streams and springs of flowing water as points of advantage. They knew nothing of the nature or value of prairie land. The first cabins in the bottoms were nearly all washed away in a few years when the great freshets came. A cabin and a few acres for bread and truck patch were the nature of many of the first farms; the wild game gave abundance of meat. Often the ordeal was the first year before a crop of bread stuffs could be raised. No settlers ventured into the prairie prior to 1840. Senator Tom Benton had notified the world that the desert commenced sixty miles west of St. Louis, and government surveyors had reported the prairies as unfit for cultivation. These errors could but gradually wear away. It was the truck wagon age, when plows were made from a forked sapling. No schools, churches or courts existed, and every family's wearing apparel was made at home. In the minds of most of these silent adventurers the destructive as well as food game were the deer, turkey, possum, coon, elk, bears and panthers, Indians, etc. On the prairies were the green head flies in animal destroying legions. Boys often grew almost large enough to go "sparking" before they had shoes or trousers. Many a garment of wear has been made from the wild nettle of the bottoms-the lint being treated like flax. Men often wore moccasins for foot covering in winter. The next imperative want, marking even the tendency to luxury of the pioneer fathers, after a saw and grist mill would be often a still, and then would follow the school and church. As a class they were a frugal, hard-working, plain and good people, in which was, of course, an admixture of the rough and turbulent element. Fights and bitter feuds were not uncommon, and in rare cases nearly the whole people became involved in the bloody vendetta, and cruel punishment followed, and human life became cheap indeed.
EZEKIEL WILLIAMS, EXPLORER AND TRAPPER
In the Williams Cemetery of the Union Church, about 3 1/2 miles south west of Cole Camp, lie the remains of Ezekiel Williams, pioneer, trapper, explorer, one of the first Anglo-Saxon settling in Benton County. His resting place is marked by two venerable old cedars, which were, no doubt placed on his grave by members of his family to mark the site, until a more lasting monument was erected in his memory, in 1963.
Ezekiel Williams' birth place and birth date are uncertain. He is thought to have been born about 1775, and by his own statement was raised in Kentucky. However, in view of the fact that Daniel Boone and five companions made their first explorations of Kentucky in 1767, but did not establish their first settlement until 1775, when Boonesborough was settled, and in the interim on June 16th of 1774 James Harrod and forty associates from Monogahela County established the first permanent colony in Kentucky, it is most certain that Ezekiel came into Kentucky as an infant, or was born there soon after his parents' migration. An Ezekiel Williams was in the Revolutionary Virginian Army, so that it is probable he was either father or uncle of the pioneer. Ezekiel was married in 1795, and in 1797 his only child, a son Sam. was born. There is a strong probability that his wife died before 1800, as later records indicate he was unmarried in that year. The next trail of Ezekiel is located in 1807 when he appeared at the present site of St. Louis, and with twenty other trappers organized a trapping venture to travel the Lewis and Clark trail to Fort Mandan, and near there establish a trading post, from which they could operate their own trap lines as well as barter with the Indians. "Captain" Williams was elected leader of the band. Each trapper was responsible for his gear, food, supplies, weapons and traps. In addition to mounts and pack animals for each, pack animals for wares to barter with Indians were included. The trip to Ft. Mandan was made without incident. There the chief "Big White's" of the Mandans assisted them ,and they built their store in what is now Montana. One of the fur traders, Manuel Lisa, was placed in charge of the station with the assistance of one of the party. The remainder started a trapping, expedition south along the eastern slope of the mountains. After sixty days of travel, they reached the headwaters of the Arkansas River. Having found an ideal spot for a camp, in excellent fur country, they set up headquarters. They found the spot too good to be true, as early season trapping seemed perfect. But as winter set in, Indians arrived to stay in great numbers, the large, hot, Poncha water Spring being the attraction that caused the Indians to claim that as their winter quarters. The Indians were not too hostile, but thievery was so extensive that by spring, it was evident that the trip was a failure. The band divided and half went over the Divide, at what is now Monarch Pass. The remainder with half of what furs remained, started down the Arkansas Valley. After a few days journey they met Indians who had traveled from Ft. Mandan. They reported that the trading post had been attacked and destroyed, after the death of Manuel Lisa and his assistant. The fire was actual, but the agents later were found to be alive, but captive. The fur party then decided not to return to Montana, and all but Williams and one man turned south into New Mexico. Williams and his companion made a large canoe and with 12 bales of fur attempted to descend the Arkansas, hoping to return to Missouri. Along the way his companion was killed by Indians, and Williams was taken captive, while all of the furs were stolen. After months of captivity, the U. S. Army rescued Williams, since friendly Indians had reported a captive white man was held at this village. After his return to Missouri he settled on a farm between Franklin and Boonville. In 1813 when William Clark (of Lewis and Clark fame) was named governor of the Missouri Territory, Ezekiel told him the story of his capture by the Indians and the loss of his 12 bales of fur. Clark, who was a long time friend of Williams (also born in Virginia in 1770 and moved to Kentucky in early childhood), decided to punish the Indians by having them appear at a military post to receive their annual government payment, and have Williams hide in an adjoining tent, to be called to appear before them at an opportune time. After preliminary procedure, and proper smoking of peace pipes, Ezekiel entered, and facing the same chiefs who had held him captive, made his charges against them. They stoutly denied ever having seen him, until some of the soldiers appeared bearing some of the bales of furs the bindings of which were identified by initials "E. W." They then said Ezekiel had lied, in that they only took the six located bales, and, there were no more. But as soldiers kept appearing with new bales, or their identification, the number grew to eleven. Since they could find no more, Ezekiel agreed to settled for the value of his eleven bales, so after proper adjustment, the Indians received the remainder of their payment. Historian Frederick Volkner says that was one more bale than they had stolen, since Williams had found that there was insufficient water on the lower Arkansas to float his load, so he had cached several bales prior to his capture by the Indians. In 1814 Ezekiel and three' other men left Franklin for Colorado to bring back the cached furs. They found them, and having loaded their pack animals, started the return to Missouri. On the way Indians scattered the group with two men and half the furs going south, and Williams, his companion and half the furs going north and East. Much later it was learned the men escaping to the south were murdered and their furs stolen. Ezekiel's companion was also killed later by Indians. He arrived at Franklin with his furs a while later, but there were fewer than he remembered and their condition was such that the trip was a failure. In that same year 1814, Ezekiel was married at Franklin, to Mary Nancy Jones, widow of James Jones, and mother of six children. The ceremony was performed by a Baptist minister living on a farm adjacent to the Williams farm.
Thinking he might settle down after his marriage, he was named Ranger and Defender of the Territory and was stationed at a fort south and east of Arrowrock, In 1818 the Federal government planned to build a military road from Palmyra, Mo. to Ft. Smith, Arkansas. Ezekiel Williams and three others were commissioned to layout the segment of the road that would extend from Franklin, Mo. to the crossing of the Osage river. The "Franklin Intelligencer" states that the road started at the boundary line of Ezekiel's farm, crossed the river near Booneville, passed Lamine and continued thru what is now Cole Camp and the "Old Road" by the Union Cemetery where Williams was buried, down the Williams Creek valley thru Williams Township and to the Osage River crossing near Warsaw. This pleasant valley so impressed this much traveled man, that he then stated he would like to live there. However, he still had the wanderlust, and it was eleven active years before he became Benton County's first settler. The Franklin Mo. "Intelligencer" reports on Aug. 14, 1821 that a company of 17 men met at the home of Ezekiel Williams for the purpose of forming a trading company to traffic with the peoples of Santa Fe, New Mexico. William Becknell was named captain. Each person making the trip would furnish his own mount, pack animals and merchandise. Any persons wanting to make the trip should meet at the ford near Arrow Rock at sunrise on Aug. 18th, 1821.
A later issue of the same paper states that only four men made the trip but does not name the traders. It is not known whether Williams made the trip or not, but it is probable since he is reported to have made the trip four times. On May 15th, 1827, a company of 105 men met at Blue Springs, near the Missouri-Kansas line, to organize a trading caravan headed for Santa Fe, New Mexico. The train was the largest ever to travel the route. Ezekiel Williams was elected Captain by the participating merchants. No information is available as to details of the trip. However, the "Franklin Intelligencer" reports that on Sept. 30, 1827 the party returned, with 60 men and a herd of 800 horses and mules, valued at $28,000. The profit from the expedition netted 40%. The Federal census of 1830 shows Ezekiel living in Booneville. That fall, about 55 years of age, he made trips to Benton County, carving out a crude homestead on the lower bottoms of Williams Creek. By spring he had completed his move. After a year's residence here, he was convinced that at last he was through roaming. So he moved up the creek a mile, to a site more to his liking, and built for permanency, As others followed to settle near him, he selected a site for his son, Sam, now 37 years of age, whom he scarcely knew, (since he was a mere child when his father left Kentucky). Sam, his wife, Polly, and nine children moved to Missouri in 1834, the same year that saw such heavy traffic into the new county.
The first post office in this area was opened up in Zeke's home. It operated there until 1839, when it was moved to the present town of Cole Camp when Dr. Hosea Powers started the nucleus of the present town. Ezekiel's home was the polling place for White Township elections, until 1839. The first official act of the first County Court of Benton County was to issue a merchants license to Ezekiel Williams (Feb. 16th, 1835). In 1842 the area near "Zeke" had become so populated, that a church was deemed necessary. The neighbors decided to organize a Methodist Episcopal Church.
They selected the following (most of whom still have relatives in Benton County) for their board: Isaac England, John Eastwood, Jacob Carpenter, Albert Nickols, Thomas Moon, John Jenkins and Edward Witall. On May 28th, 1842, Ezekiel Williams and his wife, Nancy, sold to the new church organization, the present cemetery and lot of the present Union Church. Two years later, the slave question caused such dissention that Methodism became divided on the question, and resulted in Methodist Episcopal South and North Methodist. This naturally resulted in a changed affiliation of the church, which eventually became a Union Church. Two years after selling the plot to the church, on Dec. 24, 1844 Ezekiel passed away, and was buried at the Williams Cemetery, at the church. It was his desire, not fulfilled by many of his companions, to die with his boots off, and to be laid away in a spot he had selected, twenty-six years previously, in an idyllic wilderness, then uninhabited by white men.
DESCENDANTS OF EZEKIEL WILLIAMS
"Mountain Man"--and one of the county's first settlers. Mrs. Hettie Henry, a great-granddaughter of Williams, was seated in the front when this picture was taken in 1963. She was a great-granddaughter of Ezekiel Williams and was born on the old Williams place, spending nearly all her lifetime in Benton County, except for two years when she and Mr. Henry operated a hardware store in Lawrence, Kansas. Mr. Henry, a direct descendant of Patrick Henry, died in 1939. All of Mrs. Henry's living children were in this picture: left to right, Mrs. Oliver "Bob" White of Warsaw (Leona); Lawre nce Henry of Lincoln; Clark Henry of Windsor; Truman Henry of Lee's Summit; Kenneth Henry of Aberdeen, Maryland; Rayburn Henry of Holden; Mrs. J. L. Atwood Odella) of Lincoln; Oren Henry of Clinton. Occasion was the placing of a monument on the grave of Ezekiel Williams--119 years following his death. The marker bears the inscription:
In Memory of Ezekiel Williams
Western Mountain Man Memorial Placed by Descendants 1963
It is in Union Cemetery--the Union church and cemetery were located on the old Williams place.
GREAT-GRAND Children OF EZEKIEL WILLIAMS are shown in this picture taken when they gathered for a sad occasion, the funeral of their father, Sam Williams.
Front row, left to right, are these children of Samuel and Mary Williams: Fannie Williams Cook (mother of Mrs. Fred Harvey of Warsaw, later Springfield), Hettie Williams Henry, Ellen Williams Freund, Dora Williams Stevens, Dell Williams Nickel. Back row, left to right, Matt Fields, raised by Samuel Williams and a nephew of Mrs. Williams, Baker Williams, Harvey Williams, Earnest Williams and George Williams.
MR. AND MRS. J. S. DRENNON
Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Drennon celebrated their sixty-second wedding anniversary on December 20, 1922. The son of Thomas Drennon, who came from Ireland, Mr. Drennon was born in Tennessee and came to Missouri by covered wagon. He was a Union soldier and once walked practically all the way from Texas to Missouri. Mrs. Drenon was Millie C. Dodd before her marriage and was born in 1843 in Pulaski County, Missouri. Mr. and Mrs. Drennon had 12 children.
JOHN SMITH KELLY
Confederate soldier in O'Kane's Warsaw battalion at Battle of Cole Camp. Was born to the Rev. Jeptha M. Kelly and Mary Isabel Kelly, both of whom are buried in the old Warsaw Cemetery. The Rev. Kelly was one of the early pastors of the Warsaw Methodist Episcopal Church, South. At 13 John Smith Kelly worked in a Warsaw store during 1854-1855, later doing farm work for $5.00 per year. He fought during the war for Governor Jackson and General Price, being shot through the body at Carthage. After surrendering with the confederate army at Shreveport, he returned to his father's farm near Warsaw. In 1869 he went to Windsor, serving as Henry County judge. He died and is buried in Henry County at Windsor.
JOHN A. BALDWIN
John A. Baldwin was born in Madison County, New York, December 24, 1819, the same day and year that Queen Victoria of England was born. Early in the year 1840 he started for the state of Missouri arriving in Benton County March 4th, 1840. The first night he stayed in Benton County was with the father of Alonzo Failer at the edge of the Lay Flat. The green grass was tall enough to wave in the wind and being from New York he thought he had reached Paradise. He journeyed to where the town of Fairfield now stands and was employed by George Alexander. When the first bridge was built across the Pomme de Terre at Fairfield he worked on the bridge abutments. Early in the forties he married Sarah Duren of North Lindsey Township. To this union five children were born, William, James, Thomas, Mary. and Ann, William and James were old enough to serve in the Union Army. John witnessed one of the early slickings in the Slicker War between the Turks and the Jones'. In 1854 he was elected surveyor of Benton County and when the Civil War broke out in 1861 he enlisted in the Union Army and served sixty three days. He resigned -from the army at the request of Governor Gamble to take the job as sheriff and Collector of Benton County. He served in that office till 1865 and was again elected surveyor of the county. When the war broke out the owners of the bank that was located where the county jail now stands returned to St. Louis and left the closing out of the bank to John Baldwin. His granddaughters still have some of the papers from the old bank. After the death of his first wife in the late sixties he married Sarah Miller and to this union were born two sons, one dying in infancy, the other Lewis A. living to be ninety five years old and spending the greater part of his life on what was known as the Dick Smith Farm nine miles North of Warsaw on the old Jefferson city Springfield Road where his daughters Fyrn and Helen Baldwin still live. It has been told by old timers that John was one of the best revolver shots that was ever a resident in the county. John A. Baldwin passed away January 15, 1908 in his 89th year
THE LAND OFFICE
Some settlers wanting title to land had a long wait. When Missouri was admitted to the Union in 1821, government surveys had been run into only one township of Benton County: No. 43 Range 20 in northeast part of the county. Townships 40, 41 and 42 were surveyed in 1823, these lands then being in Howard County and the Land Office in Fayette. They probably were put on the market immediately and sold, but the first land of Benton County was not registered at Fayette until February 26, 1836, it being made by Richard! Williams living near Boeschen's Store north of Cole Camp. In the latter part of 1837, George Lewis, deputy U. S. surveyor, directed a surveying party sectionizing the land west of Range 20 north of Township 39. Completing the survey in June, 1838, were Howell Lewis, forward chainman and a great nephew of George Washington; John S. Tingle, rear chainman and later chief clerk in the famous Atkisson shipping firm at Warsaw; Iradel Davis, marker, a Mr. Bush who was flagman, cook and camp keeper.
These lands were immediately sold and were followed within a year by more land sales, all in Township 40 north and in the Fayette District. The Springfield Land Office was established June 26, 1834 and it was to that place settlers had to file to secure title until 1843. The Clinton office was then established and all land west of Range 20 had to be entered at that place. It closed in 1854 and was moved to Warsaw. Warsaw's Land Office was continued until Fremont's Army burned the town in November, 1861. Mark L. Means was the registrar during this time with N. B. Holden and A. C. Marvin, receivers. In 1840 it was housed in a building later the Lemon's Hotel. After the fire, the Warsaw district was consolidated with Boonville.
Each settler was allowed 160 acres by law and as the county was unsurveyed as they flooded in from the east, most lay claim to large bodies of land merely by staking them off and building pens of poles about them. Their claims generally were respected. Each sale of land brought a "boom": the 1830's, the 1840's and the 1870's after the Civil War. It was recorded that on Thursday, December 3, 1857 the Warsaw Land Office reported a land boom, stating that from September 15 to 30 of that
year, 62,800 acres of land were sold, and during October 84,226 more acres were sold. Cash was paid for a total of 44,724 acres while the remainder were obtained through warrants, While the first settlers during those very early days came mostly from Kentucky, the Carolinas and Tennessee, after the Civil War the tide was strangely enough from Kansas, some of those who had poured west to Kansas returning. Many of them had hurried through Warsaw on route west in their oxen-drawn wagons, but they remembered the
lush growth along the Osage, and its scenic beauty, to return to make their home there in the post-war years. The echoes along the mighty Osage after 1880 reverberated and a mighty people rested and grew strong awaiting their time to grow again with the harnessing of Osage power by Bagnell Dam in 1930 and by Kaysinger Dam in 1970's.
THE HOME OF HENRY THOMAS BRESHEARS in Breshears Valley
Henry Thomas Breshears was one of fourteen children of Henry Breshears who came into Benton County and settled in 1838. In this picture are: seated, Uncle Tom (Henry Thomas) and his wife, Sabrina; standing is their son, Perry Breshears and a daughter, Lillie Breshears Johnson. Standing at far left is Della Morton, a family friend. This house, torn down in 1906 when a new one was built, was just east of the Church of the Brethren in Breshears Valley. Henry Thomas Breshears donated the land for the church and cemetery.
SOME EARLY DAY FAMILIES
OLD PIONEER WRITES FROM TEXAS
(Letter From H. B. Lindsey) Commerce, Hunt County, Texas January 2, 1894 County Clerk, Benton County, Mo.
You may think it presumptuous in me to write to you but I want to know if any of James Ramsey's family are living in Benton. I have been closely allied to the family, having married the second daughter in March, 1837. She died at Greenfield, Mo. in 1850.
I will give you the names of the Ramsey children and who they married. Elijah married a Kennedy. George married a Kinkead, who lived on the Lexington road on Tebo Creek. George died on the road to California in 1849, Henry died in Titus County, Texas, unmarried. Andrew was killed by the Federals on his farm in 1862. His wife's maiden name I have forgotten. Elizabeth married in Howard County, her husband's name was Padget, They never lived in Benton. Mary, my wife, died as above stated.
My name is Horace B. Lindsey. Sallie married Jonathan Martin, who died some years after the war. Nancy married a Green, don't know if he is yet living. Julia Ann married a Kilbuck and was living on the old Ramsey farm 11/2 miles north of Warsaw; lived there during the war and was taken prisoner by Fremont's army when it passed to Springfield; then turned loose. Martha married Andy Sheppard, who was a merchant in Warsaw when he was burned out by the Federals. He took his family and went to Connecticut, where he was raised and his wife died shortly after he got there.
The old man, James Ramsey, died long before the war and was buried at Warsaw. The old lady has been dead many years. The last letter I got from any of the family was in 1879, written by Elijah from Warsaw. He stated he would move to the Jeans farm, four miles before Warsaw.
I have no sinister motive in making this inquiry. There is no estate to hunt up. It is because of the ties of affinity. I was always strangely attached to the family and spent many pleasant hours with them.
I will here give you a little history of our first settlement in Benton County. My father, G. W. Lindsey, moved to Benton in 1834, then Pettis, and finally settled three miles northwest of Warsaw on the Lexington road on what I believe is now known as the Linn place. After the great flood on the Osage in 1837, he sold out and bought a place south of the Osage and died in 1840. Benton County was organized in 1835. Election was held and Zach Fewell was elected representative; Wm, White, J. C. Mongomery and J. W. Lindsey, county judges; T. J. Bishop, clerk, and A. Cornwall, sheriff.
The first circuit court held in the county was presided over by C. H. Allen. Next was at the forks of the Boonville and Lexington road, at the house of Mark Fristoe. The grand jury had to meet out doors under the shade of an oak tree about 100 yards from the court house. In 1837, I saw the commissioners stick the stake about where the courthouse was built for the county seat.
My father had the honor of naming it and called it Warsaw. The county entered 160 acres of land and had it laid off in town lots. First sale of lots was in January, 1838. Proceeds of sale were applied to public buildings. I was only a boy when we moved there and am now 77. I well remember the first sermon I heard there; it was preached by old man Fristoe, Mark's father. It was in my father's lot in the shade. His text was: "Come see a man that told me of all things I have ever done. Is not this the Christ?" After the sermon, Maj. Foster demanded baptism and the old man took him to the creek and baptized him. I could write many things about the new county-but am -in feeble health. Have been in Texas since 1866, stopped in Grayson County and stayed there until 1888.
My family are all married off and am living with my fourth son, who has fixed me up with a nice room and am very comfortable. I had four sons who, with me, were in the Confederate Army. The oldest one was in Price's army. Mr. Lincoln administered on my estate and wound it up insolvent, leaving me the costs to pay, so there was not use in Johnson taking out letters "de bonis non."
Texas is a very large state and a very poor one in regard to grass and timber. We buy nearly everything we use, even our bread, meat, fencing, lumber and farm tools, and pay for it with cotton. Yet men will say how prosperous the state is. Most every county has a bonded debt. Poor place for a poor man. Better not come.
H. B. Lindsey
HOWERYS AND PEALS
The Howerys were among the early settlers of Benton County. George W. Howery, died at the age of 88, at his home near Cole Camp in 1913. His family came here from Betecourt County, Virginia (where he was born April 3, 1825), when he was only 13 years old, in 1839. Mr. George Howery was a tanner in earlier years, then a farmer. He was in the Civil War, enlisting in the 8th Cavalry, Regiment of the State Militia, and was in on the Shelby and Price raids. The Peals were another early family. The 1913 Enterprise files carried an item about William H. Peal of Peal Bend being a frequent visitor in Warsaw. He was 81 on February 12 of 1913 and had been in Benton County since 1839, when he came with his parents. The Peals made the trip from Tennessee in the winter, with horses and oxen. The father's name was Levi Peal and Peal Bend was named for the family. The Peals made their first crop planting a few acres of corn on what was later the George Laird place. The 1913 Enterprise described 81-year-old William H. Peal in this manner: "He is sparsely built, tall and straight, his mind clear and nerves steady; a farmer who never weakens in braving the elements. He said this week there was one job he thought he would stop doing-the shucking of corn mornings in the open cribs.
Lon Kreisel said that most of the people who lived in Feaster district came from Kentucky about 1832. He named the families as Frisch, Hedgpeth, Swearngin, Horn, Bowers, Foster and two Rank families. Harve Rank, one of twelve children, said that their old home place, which was just about 1/2 miles from the Feaster school, is now Sycamore Valley Resort. He said his grandfather, who came with his brother from Pennsylvania (he thought the first name was Tom, but was not sure) had a tan yard in Warsaw some where along the town branch. His father, Ezra Rank, was born on the Old Drake place in the late 1840's or early 50's as he was in his teens during the Civil War, and hauled supplies for the soldiers. He also went to California with a bunch of cattle when 16. Mearl Campbell said his grandfather, James A. Campbell, came from Virginia in 1889. He spent the first night at the old Hotel in Warsaw, then went on to Fristoe. Mr. Campbell's father, Charles S. Campbell. was thirteen at the time. When the Campbell family was getting settled, Chris Davis, Mrs. Mearl Campbell's grandfather, came to see if they had every thing necessary to get along. So the two families got to be friends. Mr. Campbell's mother was a Crawford. Her father, Jim Crawford, lived where the Houston Johnsons live now. Mr. Campbell said that Miss Miloh Feaster's father, Col. W. P. Feaster, was an auctioneer and held a public sale at his Grandfather Campbell's place. W. W. Wisdom, Jr. writes from Tipton where he now resides that he has many memories of his childhood trips to Warsaw to visit his grandfather, A. J. Wisdom, merchant and builder of several business houses and a residence there, "I recall with pleasure hearing him talk with Judge Lay, "Cap" Petts, Mr. Jones, Abe Riddle, The Whites at the Enterprise (two generations of them), Tony Calbert, Ben Gallaher, Capt. Coney, Walter Morgan, Bud Hastain and others, "I was a member of the Butterfield Overland Mail Route centennial committee for Benton County. My research on the Butterfield stage route indicated only one original Butterfield stage stop building remains
It is now the Reser Funeral Home brick building in Warsaw. It is my hope that the building can be saved for posterity and be made a national monument commemorating the daily mail services from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans
By Dena Wright
John (Johnny) Tindle came with his mother and two sisters, from Kentucky, to Benton County when he was a small boy, and they were among some of the earliest settlers in the county. His mother's maiden name was Polly Hess, she was a widow and she was over 90 when she died and was buried in the Tindle family cemetery, on the old home place. He married Sarelda Kennedy and they had four children:
1. Sarah Ann, born in 1852, and who married Jimmie Short, who was a Union soldier;
2. James B., born 1855, who married Lett Van Hoozier and they lived north of where Leon Mellon now lives, on the old Alex Campbell place. James B. had two girls. Etta married Will Hayter and they were the parents of Clay Hayter. Janie married Jack McCubbin. Both girls died young and they are buried at Clear Creek.
3. Nancy Jane, born 1857, and who married Dan McMellon of Illinois. They had six children, Perry, who died when he was a year old; Blanche, Cora, Sarelda, Jessie and Dan., .Ir., and they lived east of where Buddie Hartle now lives. After Dan died, Nancy Jane married William Gant, a Union soldier, and their four children were John, Myrtle, Ira and 'Tressie. They lived by the Union school. The McMellons are buried at Martin's cemetery.
4. Mary Catherine, who was born in 1859, and married William (Bud) Sellers. They lived across from McQueen's house. They had five children; Eva, who married Frank Dundas; Bessie, who married Lawrence Dawson, John Sellers, who lives in Johnston, Colorado; Charlie, who married Ruth Slapper, Charlie and a baby sister are buried at Clear Creek.
Sarelda Tindle, first wife of John, died in 1864 and is buried in the Tindle cemetery. His second wife was Mary Jane (Sellers) Duke, widow of Sam Dukes. Sam and Mary Jane had been married in Tennessee when she was 15 and they left for Missouri the day they were married. His sister, Jane Dukes and Andy VanHoozier were married the same day and came, too. Calvin Sellers, brother of Mary Jane, also made the trip with them. His wife was Malissa Parker and they both were born in 1832 in Tennessee.
Sam Dukes was a Union soldier, was stationed at Syracuse, Mo., where he was wounded, died and is buried there. He and his wife had a son, Andrew Dukes, who was about a year old when his father was wounded. Mary Jane took the baby and went by horseback to Syracuse to see Sam before he died. Mary Jane lived, at the time, in a school house. Judge Sam Parks walked there and carried the little coffin to the Baugh cemetery, where baby Andy was buried.
Sam and Mary Jane had another son, Samuel, who was born January 22, 1863. Mary Jane lived in the school house and neighbor ladies came in to care for her and the baby, "Kitty Bob" Fristoe, wife of John Fristoe, being one of them. Mary Jane was fearful of the panthers and wildcats around in the area and said she was afraid they'd get in and eat the baby, and she moved in with her husband's parents. The Dukes' place was south of Tindles and near the Chastain's. Although "Matt Dukes didn't approve and didn't want to give up baby Sam, Mary Jane married John Tindle in 1865 or 1866. And John Tindle raised the baby as his own and was a good father to him, as Mary Jane was a good mother to his children. They had four of their own that lived: John F., born in 1867; Henry Matt, born in 1869; Martha 'born in 1871 and who died about 8 and is buried in the Tindle cemetery; Moses Hess,. born 1873, and Sarelda Bell, born February 14, 1875.
Of these children, John didn't marry. Matt married MaeBelle DuVall and they had five children (Minnie, who married John Downing Grace who married Edgar Davis; Floyd who married Mary Raines; Ruby, who married Harvy Martin, and Camni, who died when nine months old.) Matt's wife Maebell died when the baby Camni was five months old. In 1917, Matt married Maude Griffith, widow of Dave Griffith and they lived on the Baugh place. Hess Tindle married Hettie Morgan, a daughter of John Morgan, who came from Kentucky to Missouri in 1881. They had three children, including Vatelle, who married Marvin Chastain.
The Hess Tindle family lived on a farm on Clear Creek and Vatelle .and Marvin still live there. It is the only farm left of the old Tindle land that hasn't: been purchased for Kaysinger Dam and it will be bought later. The old Clear Creek schoolhouse was built on this property, out of logs. Sarelda Bell, daughter of John Tindle and Mary Jane, married Sneed C. Lain in 1898--they had been classmates at Baugh school, and he was the youngest son of Thomas and Annie McNew McLain and had been born in Tennessee. They had five children: Horace, who died when only 3; James Theodore of New Mexico; Ermal (Tass) of Kansas City; Dena, Mrs. Albert Wright of Warsaw; and the youngest, Lena (Mrs. Paul Palmer) of Wheatland.
Judge Samuel Parks came to Missouri from Kentucky, with his parents, when he was just a boy. They settled in Cooper County, where he grew up, and where he fell in love, courted and married Miss Christiana B. Clark. They established a home and were soon on the road to affluence. About 1840, Mr. Parks sold his holdings in Cooper County and bought a large tract of land on the west line of Benton County and along the old Missouri road which ran from Jefferson City to the Osage Mission in Benton County. - On this land, Mr. Parks built what probably was the largest and most pretentious house in the county and, at the time his family moved into it, he and his wife had four children and had enough slaves to indulge in regular southern plantation living. Five more children were born after they moved to Benton County, making a family of nine--six girls and three boys. The eldest--James--went to California when he was a young man, became interested in gold-mining, did well, established a home and lived to a ripe old age. Five of the Parks girls found husbands in Warsaw, two marrying merchants, one a real estate dealer, one a doctor and one a lawyer~
H. W. Fristoe's account of the Parks family, which he gave when Tom Parks died in 1917 at the age of 61-from which this is being written, goes on to say: .- The only thing that prevented the Parks family from continuing to live in what we might call regular colonial style were the hazards of war that brought many changes in our country and brought desolation to many a home. Soon after the close of the Civil War, the judge sold their old home and several hundred acres of land but retained several hundred acres of the best land, upon which he built another splendid house and moved his family in the later 60's.
Being bereft of their slaves did not deter the Parks family from undertaking the job of running the farm and each went heroically at his or her, task; as the case might be. Judge Samuel Parks lived but a few years, after establishing their new home, and when the end came he was serving Benton County as its representive, and died at his post of duty in Jefferson City. As the Judge had always been the executive head at the farm, Alec and Tom often found themselves "at sea" about the problems that required a solving. But it was the good fortune of the family that the judge had wisely provided for them by leaving a competency that placed them beyond the point of struggling for existence, and yet they persisted in doing and continually adding to the storehouse of their treasures. Tom Parks was my childhood playmate, my country and college schoolmate and among the last of my closest lifetime friends and associates.
We will not say that Tom did not have a fault, but his character was so sublime and his virtues so numerous that his faults, If he had any, were never discovered, But what else would you expect of a boy (and man) whose only sweetheart was his mother and whose. chief thought was her comfort, Some twenty years ago when his mother's step grew feeble and her home duties on the farm a burden, Tom provided a comfortable home at Windsor to which he, with his mother, sister and brother removed, and there resided until a few days ago when the Death Angel called him to a better world. During his fatal illness he bore his sufferings with christian fortitude and every expression of sympathy was for the loved ones at home with no apparent thought of himself. The mother passed on to the better world several years ago so that now there remains in the home Miss Sue and AIec and to them, am the remainder of his sorrowing relatives and friends we extend our most profound and heartfelt sympathies
Dr. M. T. Chastain of Marshall, a former Benton Countian, wrote the following letter to Mr. Fristoe in 1917, concerning the Parks family am others in the area: I knew JUdge Samuel Parks and every member of his family. We were frequent visitors to their hospitable home. as they were to ours. We may not be aware that when my father and mother and their two children--Mrs, Sandidge and myself--came to this state, we spent some time in the neighborhood of the Perrys, Garretts, Walls, Fewells, Coopers and Drapers (am a splendid community it was, too) before we visited my father's uncle, Jacob Chastain on Clear Creek in Benton County.
Judge Parks and the Chastains were neighbors and warm personal friends. How well can I remember how Mrs. Parks would feed us little folks on goodies between meals., And_her. "dinners" surpassed in menu and elegance those of Delmonico in New York and on one occasion, while taking dinner at this noted hostelry, a friend said to me: 'Did you ever partake of such a sumptuous repast?" My reply was: "Yes-even better at the home of Judge Parks in Missouri."
My father purchased the Dr. Purnell farm some four or five miles east of Judge Mark Fristoe's, your grandfather, and my mother held her membership in the Clear Creek Baptist Church, then located between Judge Parks' and the Chastain's, some three miles west of your fathers Mr. Henson Fristoes, making it some seven or eight miles to church: My mother would always go horseback and take me behind her to lhe buslneas meetings on Saturday, as well as those on Sunday.
On one occasion I met Judge Parks there, and we were both outdoors (Saturday) - and he had me to sit down by him. He said, "Tandy, are you going to school now? "No," I said, "There is no school near us," nor had I ever attended school a day until after I was ten years old. "You can't read, can you?" "Oh yes. I can read in McGuffey's third reader, and spell every word in Webster's old elementary spelling book by heart," "Do you study arithmetic?" FIethen got a walnut. hickory, and oak leaf-" Do you study arithmetic?" "Yes. I am in addition, multiplication, it being in the timber-- and requested me to name each, which I did. He asked me to explain the difference, securing two or three different kinds of grass, requested me to name them. Then gathering several wild flowers requested me to name them.
I had often been in crowds of men but this was the first man of any prominence, aside from homefolks, who had taken me in on such familiar and confidential terms. I told my mother about it, and it pleased her very much. Said she, "Judge Parks is a very highly cultured gentleman, always treat him with due courtesy and respect, pattern after him and you can learn much. and be greatly benefitted by his advice and example." His oldest daughter who married Mr. Spencer. like your mother
(Miss Davidson) before her marriage, would frequently spend the weekend at our home. It was a most remarkable coincidence to me that Mr. Spencer and Mr. Fristoe would visit us on Saturday evening after the ladies came. remaining over night, accompanying them home on Sunday evening. but when I became of more nature years. I thought I could solve the mystery.
In the 1830's the Breshears families from Lawrence County, Tennessee joined with other pioneers to make the trek to Missouri in ox-drawn wagons to carve a new and better life for their families. Henry and Alexander Breshears selected a fertile valley on the Benton-Hickory county line for their new homes. The tract of land, approximately 6,000 acres was bounded on the east and north by the Pomrne de Terre River and on the south and west by high hills. Alexander's wife, Margaret, was Henry's sister. Alex and Margaret (Peggy) settled on the east side of the valley and Henry and Atsey settled on the west. According to Judge Lay's History of Benton County, Squire Alexander Breshears was called upon to settle disputes during the Slicker War in the 1840's. He performed wedding ceremonies and held court in his home. He was a respected leader of the people. Alex's wife, Margaret died in 1864, and he later married Mary Jane Murray, a widow with two children.
Henry and Atsey (Etheridge) were the parents of 14 children. Henry was a farmer and parttime blacksmith. He died during the Civil War. We wonder at the trials and tribulations of Atsey Etheridge Breshears, as she made the long journey to a new home with her family from Tennessee. She was 32 years old and already the mother of 7 children, ages 3 to 15 years. Her 8th child. Henry Thomas, was born in Missouri in 1838. Court records in Tennessee show that they sold their property in April of 1838. The bill of sale of Aunt Roda, their only slave was dated April 10, 1838 and reads as follows: -- Rec'd the 10th day of April, 1838 six hundred dollars for in consideration of one Negro woman slave named Roda, Sound as far as I know and a slave for life Age about 20 years given under my hand date above in presence of Thomas X Etheridge. Thomas Breshears.
Aunt Roda spent her entire life with the Henry Breshears family and was beloved by all the family. She is buried in the Henderson Cemetery near Henry and Atsey. In addition to their own children Henry and Atsey raised William Carroll Green Breshears as their own. He was 13 years old when he was orphaned on the trip to Missouri and joined the Henry Breshears family. William Carroll Green Breshears died while a soldier in Company C, Osage County Home Guard, during the Civil War. Court records
show that his widow, Mary Orleana Rice Breshears, was given an 80 acre homestead May 20, 1873.His children were: Ike, Wm, Carroll Jr. Francis Marion, Martha Jane, and Peggy.
William Marion Breshears, son of Henry and Atsey, was wounded and died later in the battle at Cole Camp June 18, 1861. He was nursed by an old German couple and buried at Cole Camp. Court records lists his heirs as follows: Andrew J., Rachel J., and Salley Breshears. Andrew Jackson Breshears (Jack, son of Atsey and Henry at the age of 15 years, served for 60 days near the end of the Civil War. His future wife's brother, George Parsley, was killed during the Civil War. George was survived by his Wife, Amanda, and the following children: Charles, Thomas, James, Andrew, Benjamin, George, and Mary.
James Alexander Breshears, oldest son of Henry and Atsey Breshears died May 5, 1857, age 34. He left an infant son and his wife, Sarah.
|Henry Breshears||plow and single tree||1.00|
|Wm Breshears||1 pears of hames and chains||1.50|
|Henry Breshears||1 pear of geers||1.50|
|James Wallen||1 pear of geers||1.55|
|Wm Henderson||1 handsaw, 2 augers, 2 chisels||3.15|
|James Williams||1 pick||3.15|
|Henry Breshears||4 slategats, and 1 hatscit (hatchet)||.85|
|John Mitchner||10 harer teeth||.85|
|Materson Breshears||chaines and bridel||2.25|
|Mansfield Burnard||1 set of britchin||1.25|
|Wm Paxton||1 rifel gun||3.30|
|Henry Breshears||1 sadel||13.00|
|John Breshears||1 bell and coller||1.40|
|Isaac Salesburry||1 pear of bites and lethers||1.25|
|Wm Henderson||2 shovel plows||1.15|
|Henry Breshears||1 plow||80|
|James Williams||1 log chain||75|
|Henry Breshears||1 plow||1.00|
|Stephen H. Davis||1 plow||3.50|
|Mansfield Burnard||1 plow||1.85|
|Benj. Hines||1 half bushel and clevis||70|
|Sam Henderson||1 ax||1.00|
|Sam Henderson||1 corn knife||25|
|Wm Henderson||1 wagon||40.75|
|C Tareton?||1 basket||70|
|James Williams||1 bridel||25|
|Henry Bresheaars||6 bee guns||1.20|
|Wm Mitchner||1 bead||7.50|
|Henry Breshears||1 lot of boards||2.40|
|Wm Breshears||6 head hogs||20.50|
|Henry Breshears||1 cow||8.50|
|Wm Teurpin||1 cow||11.50|
|Henry Brooks||1 cow and calf||17.30|
|Eli Morton||1 cow and calf||18.25|
|Joel Searky (Kirby?)||1 cow and calf||17.85|
|Johanathan Scarberry||1 cow and calf||15.00|
|Henry Breshears||1 so (sow?)||20.00|
|E W Baker||1 so||17.00|
|H H Breshears||1 yoak of oxen||51.00|
|Pleasant Bird||1 yoak of oxen||74.25|
|I H Johnson||1 yoak of steer||26.75|
|H H Breshears||2 yearlins||22.00|
|Sam Henderson||1 bool and steer||26.75|
|Henry Breshears||1 heafer||9.00|
|Levi Breshears||2 yerlin steers||18.00|
|I Langford||2 yearlin steers||9.00|
|Eli Morton||1 yearlin bool||14.00|
|R H Edwards||1 cow||20.75|
|Sarah Breshears||14 head sheep||5.00|
|Henry Brooks||5 head hogs 1 cream collered mear and colt||98.25|
|Harrison Zimmerman?||1 mear||140.00|
|Harrison Zimmerman||1 mear and mule colt||150.00|
|Mathew Brown||1 horse||101.00|
|A Turpin||1 horse||15.00|
|Henry Breshears||12 year old filly||130.00|
|Materson Breshears||1 horse and mear colt||135.00|
|Eli Morton||1 horse||51.00|
|Wm H Williams||1 yearlin colt||40.00|
|H H Dode (?)||1 yearlin colt||51.00|
|Eli Morton||1 mule||80.50|
|Eli Morton||1 mule||100.00|
|Mathew Brown||1 mule||81.50|
|Henry Breshears||1 mule colt||41.00|
Amount of appraise bill $2162.15
Final Settlement July 26, 1860
Sale Bill of James A. Breshears July 15, 1857, Henry Breshears, Administrator, Thomas H. Alexander, Clerk of the Sale.
1857 SALE ACCOUNTING
Thomas H. Alexander says that was the clerk of the sale made by Henry Breshears, Administrator of the estate of James Breshears, deceased and that the foregoing is the account of the sale.
Thomas H. Alexander
Sworn Subscribed before me the 16th day of July 1857 W. W. Cox
BRESHEARS FAMILY GET-TOGETHER---Mr. and Mrs. James T. Breshears are seated, and their daughter, Hazel Williams, is the little girl in white seated between them, Lucille Henderson, a granddaughter, is the little girl in the black dress, and baby in the white dress, to the right, is Ralph Tipton, with his brother, Raymond Tipton standing behind him . In the back row, left to right, are William and Nancy Henderson with their baby Imogene, who died in infancy; Joe and Hattie Holler; Prue Breshears Graham; Iva Breshears Bird; Paul Breshears; Bernie Breshears; Johnnie and Alice Tipton, and Pete and Evie Crabtree. This was on the occasion of Mr. and Mrs. James T, Breshears' 34th wedding anniversary and a big dinner for family and friends was held at the home about a mile and a half northeast of the Henry T. Breshears' home.
The Joseph Miller family settled in Benton County in 1852, coming from Green County, Kentucky. Some of the daughters were married but their husbands came along, all but the oldest daughter Celia and spouse. A great-granddaughter of Joseph Miller is Ethel L. Wilson of Cucamonga, California, who lived on a farm near Warsaw until she was seven. She gave us the following items about the Miller family: When Joseph Miller decided to move to Missouri, he sold all his horses except Burry Ann (the name came because she was always getting burrs in her mane and tail), packed a few belongings and hired an old man with an ox team to take the family to Green River. The family left Kentucky by flat boat down the Green River to the Ohio; thence by river steamer down the Ohio and up the Mississippi past: St. Louis where they changed boats, and thence up the Osage River. They disembarked at Linn Creek where Joseph mounted "Burry Ann" and rode for some one to move them to their new home. They located about eight miles north of Warsaw, on a bluff above the Little Tebo River. There were sugar maples and they made maple sugar. The spiles were elderberry. The troughs held a gallon, They also made sorghum molasses, and raised corn, wheat, tobacco and vegetables. They bought their first cook-stove, called a step-stove in 1860. They used trundle beds with strawticks, in the summer time they ate and cooked in a separate kitchen, but cooked in the shed in winter time. When I think of these wonderful pioneers, I am reminded of W. D, Gallagher's poem:
Our forest life was rought and rude,
And dangers closed us round;
But here, amid the green old trees,
Freedom was sought and found.
Oft through our cabins, wintery blast,
Would rush with shrieks and moan;
We cared not. Though they were but frail,
We felt they were our own.
Oh, free and manly lives we led,
Mid verdure or mild snow;
In the days when we were Pioneers:
Full Two hundred years ago.
The wild flowers in the woods, blackwalnuts and hickory nuts in the fall. Wild strawberries that I used to pick on my way horne from school, and put in my lunch pail, a think it was a lard bucket), wild grapes, and blackberries. Mother making sorghum, and the picnic lunches we had under the trees where she made it, and pigs that rolled in the scum she removed from the sorghum. In the winter time. the apples that we had buried in the ground, how good they were, sorghum candy. 'popcorn balls, parched corn, and ice cream mother made from hail. Mother reading to us. The time Daddy was building the barn and Grandpa Miller looked at it and yelled, "Good Lord Almighty. George Miller, that barn's crooked....didn't I raise you better than that." And how Otho Jackson used to sing folk songs to us--"the preacher and the bear." and "the bumble bee's wedding."
As of 1960 all thatwas left of the second Joseph Miller horne was just the stones of the fireplace and the foundation. And. on up the hill, only a few stones marked the location of the George Miller horne, but they still showed the outline of the house and a search turned up a stove leg and door. piece of an old iron kettle and some pieces of crockery. Little left of these old homes. But the flowers still grow in the yards, including Easter lilies at the second Joseph Miller place. Allison Frizzell, in the 1960's believed that the place he lived was the original Joseph Miller horne. When they carne there, he said, there was a log horne with a shed room and a spring and a huge tree by it.
Between September 24 and October 1, 1830, an emigrant party of at least 29 people started north from Greene County, Kentucky to establish new homes in western Illinois. Pleasant McCubbin was the leader of the group, which also included his brother, David, both their families, and William H. Rupe, whose wife was the former Eleanor McCubbin. (Rupe and Pleasant McCubbin had married each other's sister.) They did go to Illinois. But both the David and Pleasant McCubbin families in the early 1830's carne to Benton County to settle, David first, then, in 1836, Pleasant and his family. The Rupes also carne to Missouri.
Dave McCubbin built the log house now owned and occupied by Theodore D., Chance. The latter is composed of two separate buildings, connected and covered with one roof, about eight or ten feet apart. Each log room had a large fireplace. Logs for these fireplaces were dragged to the space between the buildings, called the entry,putinthe desired door and dragged in to the fireplace needing them. Tradition says that Dave McCubbin invented the first metal plow. It was not well accepted as farmers were sure it would poison the earth to the extent that crops could not be raised. David McCubbin died in 1908 and was about 94 years old. Pleasant McCubbin (born September 19, 1804) died on October 6, 1863 and was buried in a cemetery near Warsaw. The Pleasant McCubbin family settled in the neighborhood of the old Sterret homestead, west of Warsaw. Shortly after moving here, Pleasant helped build the first house in Warsaw.
THIS HOUSE WAS BUILT By David Franklin and Agnes Alexander in the early 1850's and was a stage stop for the Hannibal, Boonville, Joplin stage line.
Picture was taken in 1964, Mr. and Mrs. Sam Robb occupants of the house. It's located around three miles south of Warsaw.
Thomas and Yeureth Alexander were born in North Carolina in 1773 and 1776, moved to Kentucky, then to Tennessee and came to Benton County in 1816. (There's no written proof of this date but the family does know that they came just after a son, George Alexander, married Nancy Morton, which was in December of 1815.) They went back to Tennessee after five years, then returned here in 1830. Thomas and Yeureth had eight children, some of whom were born in Kentucky and others in Tennessee. .
The children, although grown, came to Missouri with their parents, with the exception of one who died, noted in courthouse records as "Squire" Alexander. They were: Judge George Alexander, Sarah Alexander (Mrs. Asa McKenzie), Nancy Alexander (Mrs. William Stewart or Stuart); Mary "Polly" Alexander (Mrs. Valentine Hammond);LouannaAlexander (Mrs. James Morton); Thomas Harrison Alexander (whomarried Eliza Norton); Emily Alexander (who married Isaac Weaver).
"Squire" Alexander's son, George Madison, also came to Missouri with the family and later served in the Mexican War. He was married to two Nancy's, Nancy Weaver and Nancy Blackwell, and is buried in Dade County. The family first settled on Turkey Creek, then moved into the Fairfield area. They purchased land from the Indians and had extensive land holdings. George Alexander was the most prominent of the Alexander sons. He was the County's first south side judge, serving two terms. He had numerous slaves and tradition says they did most of the rock work on the first bridge at Fairfield. He also owned the Fairfield mill at one time.
George Alexander and his wife Nancy had eight children--James Madison, who died during the Mexican War and whonever married; Amy, who married William Williams; Emeline, wife of William Bishop (no relation to Zebulon and Thomas Bishop, as far as can be ascertained); Mary Ann who married Zebulon Bishop and whodied before he went on to Oregon; David Franklin, who married Nancy Wright, then married Agnes Zook; George Thomas, who was shot in the back at Osceola by Union Soldiers--he was a Confederate soldier-his wife was named Temperance but we don't have her maiden name; Mariah, who married Seth Howard; John Haywood, who married Dicey Cox. Mrs. Nora Quick of Warsaw, a great-granddaughter of Judge George Alexander, had these recollections about the family in early days.
On his first trip to Missouri about 1816, the Judge brought his bride, Nancy and 143 head of horses from Tennessee. They crossed the Misaissippf River onice 18 inches thick. The Judge went first, his wife bringing up the rear. The ice began to break with the last horse. Judge Alexander yelled at his wife to jump from the horses and come on, but she stayed on her horse, which, plunging from ice flow to ice flow, made it safely to shore.
Nancy's father had given her a Negro slave name Syl as a wedding present. Syl stayed with the family and she lived to be 103. By the time the Judge returned to Tennessee, he owned more than his father-in-law. Nancy Alexander, the Judge's wife, was, like many early pioneer women, skilled in taking the place of doctors when none were available. She assisted many women, colored and white, in childbirth. She was an excellent horsewoman, once rode 150 miles to get a draft for making wool coverlets. Mrs. Quick has a counterpane she made back in 1818. When the family again came to Missouri, they crossed the Mississippi on a ferry. A yoke of oxen, Buck and Bright, became frightened and their prancing was proving a threat. Someone suggested gouging their eyes out but the problem was solved by tying a red handkerchief over their eyes. On this trip, the women brought out their wheels ani would spin wool rolls while their teams rested. Mrs. Quick's grandmother, the late Amy Alexander Williams, said she could remember turning the wheel, altho only three years old at the time. The Judge's son James Madison was a 1st Lieutenant in the Mexican War. He contracted measles and got up too soon.
He had a set-back and died and was buried in santa Fe. When he left home, he went laughing, and did not return. Several of his buddies and kinsmen left crying, but came back alive. Marlar, the oldest daughter, ran off and married Seth Howard. After she died, Judge Alexander raised her three boys, Billie, Frank and John Howard. Her sister, Amy Williams, took Marlar's daughter Mary and raised her. John Howard (Lena Wilson's father) was the Judge's oldest grandson, and was just six months younger then the Judge's youngest son, Jolin. He was favored by being given a farm and this good fortune did not come to all the grandsons. Tom, a Confederate soldier, was captured enroute to Osceola in the Civil War, had his hands tied behind him, and was shot in the head (this was believed to have happened some where between Fristoe and Warsaw.) He was captured by Union Captain Webb, who had been his friend. Amy Alexander had warned her brother never to give up to Capt. Webb, but he told her: "Oh, me...he is my good friend, he'll stand by me." 'The Alexanders were told that, when captured, Tom told Capt. Webb: "A good friend told me never to give up to you." To which Webb replied: "If I knew who that good friend was, they would go just like you are going." That is why Amy Williams and other Alexanders had such hatred for Republicans during their lifetime.
Mary married Zeb Bishop and had a son named George. When his mother died, Judge Alexander took him to raise. It is believed that he may have taken Alexander for his last name, as he was his grandfather's namesake. The Judge sent him to school in St. Louis. He was very handsome, attracted female attention but didn't pay much attention to all the fluttering about him. He was killed when he was working on a building, fell off the scaffolding and broke his neck. Nancy married Bill Bishop, no "kin to Zeb" Bishop. They had a daughter, Victoria. Nancy died and Bill married again and had two other girls. Judge Alexander took Victoria and raised her. Her daughter was Hattie Bartsche of Wheatland, who passed away a few years ago. Amy married William Harrison Williams and they had 10 children, Joe died of brain fever when he was 7, Frank died young, of membraneous croup. Besides raising her own still-large brood, Amy had a hand in raising her niece and nephews, children of her older sister, Marlar, In addition, she raised three grandchildren, children of her son Zebedee, whose wife died of quick consumption when the children were aged 6, 3½ and 14 months. When Amy was 12, her youngest brother John was born. He was made. administrator of his father's estate and it took him three days and nights to count up all possessions and net worth. Frank Alexander, Lena Glenn's father, was John's oldest son and he said he could remember his grandfather counting out $12,000 silver dollars, in addition to all his land holdings. The Judge was the richest man in Benton County.
When he lived on the old Howard place, later owned by Lena Wilson, he had 23 Negro slaves. That manpower was used to build the bridge and mill at Fairfield. The Judge's house was a double log construction, with open hallway between, puncheon floors, low ceilings and one and a-half stories. Each winter, he would kill 16 beef and 32 hogs to feed the household. One of the slaves, Jonas, used to hide his bacon and meat in a hollow log to keep a fellow slave, Wilse (father of Jonas Alexander of Warsaw--still living) from taking it. Judge Alexander went to the South and purchased a slave named Charles who was only six years old, deciding to make a preacher out of him. Price was $600. There was much grief when he was torn from his mother's arm and the youngster was taken away. He had an intestinal upset, and the Judge took him off his horse (he rode sitting behind the Judge), took his clothes off, washed them in a creek, then hung them on the bushes to dry. While they were drying, he fashioned a diaper out of a bandanna handkerchief for the little boy. Frank, crippled in the war, spent the rest of his life in a wheel chair. He was baptized shortly before his death, six years after he was shot, and they cut the ice in the river, wheeled him in his chair to baptize him. John married Dicie Cox and had ten children, one dying in infancy. Among the other children were Frank, Mollie Suiter, Ida Grace, Elsie Iiams, Tempa Murray, Myrtle Holley, John Lee, Zebedee (who took his own life), and Wallace.
Another son, David Franklin Alexander, married Nancy Wright and they had two children, John W. and Mary Ann. John W. operated one of the three ferries in Warsaw, was active in the Democratic party and was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention. In 1884, when he was postmaster, he published a list of names of people who had not called for their mail in The Enterprise.
Also in that year, he received a letter from his uncle, H. B. Wright, which notified him that Wright was half-owner of a silver mine in Bellvue, Idaho, which had plenty of pay ore in sight and an offer to purchase for $500,000 cash. John later moved to Washington state. Letters indicate that most of his family died of tuberculosis. John suffered a fatal hemmorage while on a ship bound for Alaska, forcing the ship to return to Seattle. Last heard of any of this branch of the family was in 1907 when his son, Frank, wrote to relatives here, telling them of the deaths in his family. Frank, at that time, was working for Western Union. David Franklin Alexander's first wife, Nancy Wright, died young and is buried in the Wright cemetery in Shawnee Bend. Frank then married. Agnes Zook who had come here with her mother, Temperance Zook. They had two sons, Walter Henry and James Madison. Walter moved to California where he operated a clothing store in Woodland, later working for the railroad in Oakland, where he was hit by a train and killed. His son, Ernest, at the time of his death, was vice-president of the Angle-London-Paris-National Bank, now operated under another name. Another son lived in Sacramento, Walter married three times: first, Laura Huddelson, who was Ernest's mother; then a Roseberry, from Woodland, California and their son was Walter Franklin Alexander; the third wife "Mug" Wilson.
Another son of David Franklin Alexander, James Madison II, known as Matt, married Mary Elizabeth See, daughter of Edmund See. They were parents of Lorn, Clarence, Ed, Fred, and James Madison Ill, also Annie Laird, Leota Ray, and Laura Price (for General Price) Allen.
David Franklin Alexander and his wife, Agnes, built a house on the old Fairfield road, about three miles south of Warsaw (the Sam Robb house.) It was used as a stage stop for the Hannibal-Boonville Springfield stage line. The 15-inch-white-pine-boards used in the ceilings were hauled here from Arkansas by ox team. The barn and slave cabins are no longer standing but the stones were used for foundations in the present barn. James Madison Alexander II was born in this house in 1857 and. on his 83rd birthday went back to "slide down the bannister one more time." He did---head first.
David Franklin Alexander fought in the battle of Cole Camp, as a Confederate, and. one of his grandsons, one of James Madison Alexander Ill's sons, in Iowa, still has the watch he carried through the battle.
A listing of family names of people descended from Thomas and Yeureth Alexander Grandchildren, Great-grandchildren, down to perhaps nine or ten generations, includes the following family names: Owen, Shull, Holly, Williams, McKenzie, Iiams, Suiter, McLerran, Harper, Copp, Cobb, Crawford, Dietz, Crosswhite, Matthews, Green, McCracken, Ketchum, Tipton, Breshears, Christy, Tavener, Eidson, Mullins, Glen, Huntress, Waisner, Ashinhurst, Rhodes, Mulkey, Harris, Howard, Drake, Suiter, Love, Wilson, Coates, Bailey, Craig, Eickoff, Laird. Bartsche, Wisdom, Murray, Weaver, Dickerson, Quick, Cunningham, Holloway, EUdell, Grace, Campbell, Henderson, Meader, Wisdom, Downing, Duke, Button, Shinn, Wright, Morton, Hedgpeth, Dull, Jenkins,. Hunziker, Stroud, Miller, Turpen, King, Watkins, Hubbard, Foster, Sweeney, Jones, Haseltine, Crabtree, Davidson, Meyers, Byer, Cox, Boring Ferguson Moree, Powell, Williams, Thurmon, Guenther, Gabriei Stover, Sartin, Bird, Lapp, James, Hotchkiss, Ramp, Mitchener, Burnfin, Logan, Antwiler, Walthall, Tweedy, Allen, Woirhaye, Bell, Adams, Tucker, Root, Kindle, Carter, Satterfield, Benningfield, Suggs, Glenn, Ray, Hogue, Wayne, Austin, Nelson, Edge, Smith, Scott, Moore, Young, Thomas, Cain, Beard, Hutchen, Parsons, Johnson,Sites, Thompson, Gross, Hill, Ralston, Easter, Dickey, Dial, Levan, Hale, Bassett, Cramer, Harvey, Bowman, Hearn, Robinette, Gregory, Hudson, Bennett, Mellies, Engard, Smith, Mays, Bentley, Salsman, Montgomery, Keith, Lockhart, Coffman, Blais, Maner, Lesure, Hollingsworth, Palmer Kettle, Gardner, Cutsinger, Shepherd, Shireman, Handlen, Wallen, Stiltz, Kimble, Wagner, Dean, Hart, Swopes, Biggs, Evert, Berryman, Harbitt, Neal. Scholp, Plummer, Samson, Webster, Mothersbaugh, Quint, Klinger, Cowan, Cochran, Hill, Gowens, Belk and undoubtedly still others.
DAVID FRANKLIN ALEXANDER, who was shot bushwackers during the War Between the States, and never was able to walk again and died six years later. He was a Confederate soldier and was shot when coming home on leave and met up with the gang in the Peal Bend area. David Franklin Alexander was one of the sons of Judge George Alexander. He was the father of the late Matt Alexander, also Walter, John and Mary Ann Alexander, who married Smith Bailey, He was first married to Nancy Wright, then to Agnes Zook, He was born June 6, 1822 and died March 11, 1869.
AGNES ZOOK ALEXANDER, the wife of David Franklin Alexander, She was born in 1831, lived for many years in Benton County and died November 15, 1915, while on a visit to California. She was a niece of Thomas and Zebulon Bishop.
TEMPERANCE BISHOP ZOOK, whose daughter Agnes married Franklin Alexander. She was a sister of Thomas Bishop, first recorder of Benton County and of Zebulon Bishop, also an early county official. Zebulon went from Benton County to Oregon in 1851 and became Speaker of the House of the Oregon legislature. Temperance Zook was born in Connecticut, later lived in Pennsylvania, married adoctor, who died, and probably came to the County because her brothers were here. Her mother, Martha Bishop, also came here and was buried in the Wright cemetery, with the grave later moved to Shawnee Bend. Temperance Bishop was born March 25, 1803 and died March 31, 1891.
THE GRAVESTONE OF THOMAS ALEXANDER, who lies next to his wife Youreth, in the Weaver cemetery, near Fairfield.
Thomas and Youreth were born in North Carolina prior to the Revolutionary War and came first to Benton County in 1816, returning in 1830. They have hundreds upon hundreds of descendants and the surnames of many of their great-and great-great, etc. grandchildren are listed in this book.
(right) JUDGE GEORGE ALEXANDER, a son of Thomas, and his wife, Nancy, are buried at Weaver cemetery. Their son, George Thomas, killed by Capt. Webb, is buried under the stone at right. George Thomas, a Confederate soldier, was on his way to Osceola when captured by Webb, a Union soldier.
Letters of Benton County
A BENTON COUNTY FATHER WRITES TO HIS DAUGHTERS AWAY AT SCHOOL IN 1893 July 31st, 1893
At Home On the Hillside Amy and Myrtie, My dear little daughters, Weare reasonably well and hope you are the same. Mantie, and her family are well, but have not been over yet. We have our "inyens" (onions) pulled,of which there are five bushel. Mother has young chicks galore, and right now she is out after them. We have had plenty of rain and everything on the farm looks well. Hay all stacked, millet sowed, and my, the katydids are making their usual summer racket! The good old-fashioned sunflower is in bloom and every kind. of flower is in sympathy with each other and is trying to look its best. The cows are giving oodles of milk and even the locust is letting us know he is alive by his shrill cry. The bees are showing their usual industry and the quail are calling all around us for "Bob White." The little humming-bird is busy sucking sweetness from 1he flowers. Our turnips are almost big enough to eat and everything is so fine I would like to live here on Deer Creek a hundred years yet. Even your good mother is chanting an old religious hymn. Be good girls, learn your lessons well, get the best certificate possible and everything will work together for good. Your "Pa," W. W. Hockman
(This letter was written to W. W.'s daughters, Amy and Myrtle, who were attending Teacher's Institute at Stanberry, Missouri, in 1893. Amy, later Mrs. M. T. Steckel of Santa Paula, California, was 21 and Myrtie, who became Mrs. Bennie R. Smith, was 19 years of age. Contrast the language of the past with that of the father of today, as he might write a letter of encouragement to beloved daughters who were away at college, and note how his own homesickness for them showed in every line. Myrtie Smith was the mother of Buford Smith, now of Littleton, Colorado; Minnie, now Mrs. Harrison Arnett, of Warsaw, Missouri; Violet, now Mrs. H. I. Waisner of Lincoln, Missouri; and two other sons, Herschel and Leland, both deceased.....Copied from original, July 6, 1969.....V.M.W.
W. W. HOCKMAN (from Goodspeed History 1889)
W. W. Hockman. Among all classes and in every calling. in life may be found those who excel in whatever they undertake," whether of a professional, agricultural or commercial nature, and prominent among them stands the name of Mr. Hockman, who is closely associated with the farming interests of the county. He was born in Pickaway County, Ohio, in 1834, and is the son of Jacob D. and Angeline (Cummins) Hockman, natives of Woodstock, Va., and Preble County, Ohio, respectively.The father was of German descent, and a cooper and farmer by occupation. lie immigrated to Boone County, Ind. in 1844, and was among the first settlers of that county. He located at Thorntown. and there died in 1849. The mother was of Irish descent. After the death of her husband she married John Hughs. She died in 1881. W. W. Hockman was the third child born to his parents, and remained at home and managed the farm until the death of his mother. In 1853, or when nineteen years of age, he married Miss Jane Wallace, a native of Ohio and the daughter of John Wallace, In 1855 Mr. and Mrs. Hockman moved to .Northwestern Iowa, where they resided two years, and then returned to Indiana, and settled in Clinton County, where they remained until 1862. In August of that year Mr. Hockman enlisted in the One Hundredth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, serving as orderly-sergeant of Company 1 until 1863, or up to the surrender of Vicksbnrg, when he received a sunstroke, which disabled him from service for some time. He then returned home, remaining there four months, when his health improved, and he again enlisted, in the Fifty-first Indiana Volunteer Infantry, as a private, and participated in the Hood and Thomas campaign. He was in the battles of Pulwaski, Franklin, Columbus and Nashville, being in the various charges of .the last-named place. He was discharged at Victoria, Tex., in September, 1865, and then returned to Indiana. Later he sold out and moved to Ford County, IIl., where he remained four months, and then moved to Dade County, Mo. After a residence there of five years he moved to Fort Smith, Ark., where he lived two years, and then moved to Pettis County Mo., where he also remained two years. He then came to Benton County, where be has resided ever since. He is the owner of 400 acres of land in Benton County and a tract of land in Camden County. To Mr. and Mrs. Hockman were born eight children: Angeline (deceased, wife of William Jones; she died in 1881, leaving two sons), Theodore a farmer and carpenter of Benton County, and a minister in the Methodist Protestant Church; Margaret, wife of E. Gibbs, of Texas County; Samantha, wife of Cyrus Newman, of Camden, lumberman at Climax; Minie, at home; Amy, now attending school at Frankford College, Indiana; Myrtie, at home, and Morton. Mr. Hockman is a member. of the A. F. & A. M., also a member of the G. A. R., and is one of the prominent and much esteemed citizens of the county..He takes an active interest in politics, and is president of the Republican club; is a great reader, and is well posted on all subjects. He is one of the most enterprising men of the county; has spent much time and money in inducing immigration, making two trips East for that purpose.
PIONEER DAYS (Newspaper Files Of 1888)
George M. Blanton, who has been a resident Of Benton County 53 years, assisted to clear the court-house square nearly fifty years ago. Mr. Blanton says the reason the first settlers preferred to make their homes in the woodland was because, at that time, few of them had much stock to work with, many families having only one horse. The loamy, rich bottom land was covered with large trees and brush, and the former could be easily girdled and the hazel brush cleared out. And then, in the loose soil, a crop could be easily raised with one horse, while the tough sod of the prairies required three or four yoke of oxen to break, and then it was necessary to have rails from the timber for fencing. The settlements in the woods were also less exposed to the wind and wild game abounded. Mr. Blanton is now 77 and few men can hope to have so good use of mind and body at that age. The old settlers of the county should have a yearly meeting and picnic. It would be a great pleasure to them and prove interesting to their friends
ZACHARIAH DAVIS (1792-1852)
An early pioneer in eastern Lindsey Township near Duren Creek on the old "Warsaw to Cole Camp Turnpike" road. Zachariah Davis was born in North Carolina, January 13, 1792; he served in the military service during the War of 1812 in Capt. Wade's Tennessee Militia, and was discharged May 13, 1815. He married December 20, 1816 in Wilson County, Tennessee, Miss Elizabeth Hill, who was born in Virginia in the year 1800. They made their home in Wilson County, Tennessee until about the year 1838 when they moved to Barren County, Kentucky. Zachariah and Elizabeth Davis arrived in Benton County, Missouri in 1842. Several of their children accompanied them to Benton County, the rest followed later. Zachariah Davis obtained a Military Land Grant of 80 acres in Benton County in 1852 from the U. S. Government for his military service in the War of 1812. He died August 21, 1852 in Benton County. His widow, Elizabeth Hill Davis, died June 10, 1871
Their children were:
1. John H. Davis (1818-1875) married Mar. 20, 1845 in Wilson Co., Tennessee, Miss Lucy Ann Frazer (born 1828), they later lived in Hickory County, Missouri.
2. Priscilla F. Davis (1821-1886) married in 1841 in Barren County, Kentucky, Mr. Marcus M. Walker (1815-1899), they later lived in Hickory County, Missouri, and were associated with the old "Primitive Baptist Church at Antioch.
3. Martha Ann Davis (1824 - ? ) married Nov. 16 1842 in Wilson Co., Tennessee, Mr. William Jackson Taylor (1817-1898), they remained in Benton County, Missouri.
4. William C. Davis (1825-1853) married Mary ?, she later remarried Mr. James Feaster, March 13. 1856 in Benton Co., Missouri.
5.Braxton B. Davis (1825- ? ), married Elizabeth Winford they moved to DeWitt, Carroll County, Missouri.
6. Judy Green Davis (1832 - 1923) married Feb. 13, 1851 in Benton Co., Missouri, Mr. John Hopson Chastain, they remained in Benton County, Missouri.
7. James C. Davis (1834 - ?) married Feb. 27, 1859 in Benton Co., Missouri, Miss Catherine A. Head. They later moved to Vernon County, Missouri and later to the state of Oregon.
8. Marcus W. Davis (1837-1906) married June 10. 1856 in Benton Co., Missouri, Miss Mary Jane Bird (1835-1874) and married 2nd Mrs. Arsena Belt, Sept. 27, 1880 in Benton County, Missouri, they remained in Benton County, Missouri.
9. Zachariah Tompkins Davis (1839-1921) married Sept. 4, 1860 in Benton County, Missouri, Miss Mary Amelia Orr (1844-1911), they lived in Benton County, Missouri. He later moved to Vernon County, Missouri where he married Mrs, Permielia J. Belcher in 1914.
SAMUEL CARLETON (1807-1873)
An early pioneer on Brush Creek in eastern Lindsey Township. Section 6, T-41, R-23. He was born in Botecourt County, Virginia, June 23, 1807. Samuel Carleton was the eldest child of six children born to Rev. William Carleton, Jr. (1772-1822) and Magdalin Prince (1783-1863), the others being:
John Carleton (1810-1879). married Elizabeth Hartman (181_? -1865).
Hannah Carleton (1812-1874) married David Short (1806- ?),
Esther Carleton (1815- ? ) married George W. Short.
Elizabeth Carleton (1817-1900) married Samuel B. May (1808-1875).
James Carleton (1820-1892) married Isabelle Priestly Glover (1828-1898).
Saumel Carleton married in Washington County, Indiana, October 9, 1834, Miss Sidney Ellen Baker (1818-1865), the daughter of Col. Valentine Baker (1793-1859) and his wife Nancy Overton (1792-1830), William Carleton, Sr. (1735-1813) was a veteran of the Revolutionary War. He married Esther Brown (1739-1806) in Augusta County, Virginia, in 1762. Samuel Carleton and his family were accompanied to Missouri by all of his brothers and sisters, also his widowed mother, Magdalin, Following is a letter written to Col. Valentine Baker by Samuel and Sidney Carleton after they had reached Howard County, Missouri on the last leg of their journey from Washington County, Indiana:
To Col. Valentine Baker
State of Indiana
Pashing City Salem
October the 16th, 1840
Most affectionate I take this opportunity to inform you that we are all well at present, hoping that these few lines will find you enjoying the same blessing. We landed in Howard County on the 29th day of September. We took a trip on the south west of this state. We were in thirteen miles of the Indian Boundry, The land's rich and fertile. I can't find no objections to 1he soil. Timber is scarce; the land is about two thirds prairie. The growth is oalf,- hickory, walnut. elm and locust. We have selected a half a quarter of land a piece on the Tebo River about five miles of the Osage River, for a home. The half quarter that I have selected has three springs on it. I expect to start tomorrow to enter it. As soon as I return I expect to move, if we all keep well. It is about eighty miles from where we now live. There is plenty vacant land joining. I will give you a true history of the country when I get settled. No more at present.
Signed: S. (Samuel) Carleton
Dear Mother and Father,
I must send my best respects to you all. I have had lonesome hours on the road but since we have landed we have company plenty. There is six families living in one yard. We would be happy hearing from you all but I can't tell you at this time where to direct your letters. I will tell you in the next letter. No more at present but still remain your daughter, until death, farewell. Signed: Sidney E. Carleton
The above letter was post-marked at Rocheport, Missouri.
The children of Samuel and Sidney Carleton were:
1. Lousiana Elizabeth Carleton (1836-1902) - June 16, 1852 in Benton Co. married Benjamin Hardin Osburn (1831-1900).
2. Lewis Oliver Carleton (1838-1907) - May 26, 1859 in Benton, County - married Margaret Millissa Tindell (1838-1930).
3. Sarah Jane Carleton (1840-1872) - November 26, 1860 in Benton Co. - married Nicholas A. Scott (1837-1868), - Sept. 5, 1870 in Benton Co... - married second John B. Fewel (1831 - ?).
4. Thomas Hart Benton Carleton (1842-1866) - March 13 1864 in Henry Co. - married Sarah Elizabeth Parker (1844-1920). '
5. Martha Ellen Carleton (1844-1847).
6. Nancy Magdaline Carleton (1847-1879) - August 21 1864 in Benton Co. - married John M. Surrett (1842-1913).
7. William Baker Carleton (1850-1936) - November 18 1874 in Henry Co. - married Jennie A. McWaters.
8. Mary Francis Carleton (1853-1856).
9. Pricilla Carrie Carleton (1854-1884) - October 1 1871 in Henry Co. - Married Samuel A. Means (1850-1917).
10. Aquilia B. Carleton (1857-1858).
SUSAN ELLEN LANGFORD COCHRAN and her son, Merritt Cochran. The Langfords were among the early settlers of Benton County and lived in the Johnson cemetery area in what is now Fristoe township. John Langford, Susan's brother, was a tobacco grower. The Langfords married into the Gist, Cochran and Salley families. They were descendants of a Lord Langford of Ireland and England. His grandson, Jordan, settled in the Blue Ridge of Virginia and was a dentist and shoemaker for the soldiers at Valley Forge. He had eight children, including William T., who married Sarah Bailey, (Mrs. Marion Francis Cochran) Susan Langford Cochran, in this picture, is their daughter-John Langford, the tobacco grower, was their son. They had eight other children. Sarah Bailey, who married William T. Langford, was a second cousin of John Quincy Adams, her mother being a first cousin. Marion Cochran, husband of the lady in the picture, was the son of James and Sarah King Cochran. His sister, Melvina Jane, married John Abram Salley, a son of Dandridge Salley.
Salley Sunday Gathering
Mr. and Mrs. Dandridge P. Salley, seated in front spent many years of their married life as a Benton County farm family on Turkey Creek. Dandridge Salley was one of the sons of Abram Salley, who came here from Louisville, Kentucky in 1831. Dandridge had one sister, Nancy Lee, and three brothers, Abram IT, Steven and Charles. Abram and his younger brother, Charles, went to California--Charles returned but Abram was never heard of again. Later, Charles was murdered along the road between Warsaw and Lincoln, presumably by parties who believed he was carrying gold from his California sojourn. The other brother, Steven, moved to Illinois. This picture was taken in the latter part of the 1890's, in front of Dandridge Salley's son John's log house on Turkey Creek. Another son, Henry Salley, a minister, holds the baby in his arms. Behind him is Mettie Salley Short and her husband, Pink Short. In the front row, with suit coat on and holding the little boy by the shoulders is William (Billy) Salley. His wife, Aslsinda Christy Salley, stands at his side and to her left, with suspenders and hat and folded arms, is Isaac Salley, who never married. Gentleman wearing the black hat--between and behind Henry and Billy--is John Salley. Curtis Salley wears the straw hat and black vest, at left, and the little girl, peeking out beside him is Rosetta Salley, later Mrs. Louie Eaton. Palmer Salley, her brother, killed in World War I, is the little boy wearing the straw hat and standing just next to Grandpa Dandridge Salley. An item about Dandridge Salley appears elsewhere in this history, in which Enterprise editor T. B. White termed him the kind of fine, honorable old gentleman he hoped many of the county's younger men would become. Dandridge Salley's wife was Minerva Dodd.
Abram Salley came to Missouri from Kentucky in I830 and, after a year in Lincoln County, came to Benton. They temporarily settled where Warsaw now is located, then moved to Turkey Creek, in the Hockman community. His son, Dandridge, was born in Kentucky but came to Missouri when he was just nine years old. Dandridge, at the age of 18, married Minerva Dodd and they settled on Turkey Creek. Abram Salley's daughter, Nancy Lee, married Billington Johnson when she was just 15. When she was 17, they homesteaded what was later known as the old Johnson place. Dandridge Salley and his wife had eleven children, seven sons and four daughters, seven of whom were still living when he died in 1901. Surviving then and living with him at the time of his death were I. N. and J. W. Salley. The Rev. Henry R. Salley and Rev. W. E. Salley also lived in Benton County. Daughters were Mrs. M. E. Hines of Dallas County, Texas, Mrs. S. F. Greghy of Henry County, and Mrs. H. C. Gragg of Lincoln. One son who preceded Dandridge Salley in death was Abram Jackson Salley. He married Melvina Jane Cochran following the war. Melvina Jane was the daughter of James and Sarah King Cochran. They had been married in Little Rock, where his parents had emigrated from Tennessee. Following their marriage, they operated a warehouse on the White River--were raising four children--and prospering, as settlers had to have supplies and would journey to the river warehouses to get them. Supplies were brought in by flat boats operating up and down this river. Things went along nicely until war broke out. James Cochran sided with the North, because of his trade with eastern river boats, but one night a close friend, a Confederate, warned him: "Jim, load up your; family and most necessary belongings and get out before daylight. They' re comin up the river, slaughtering northern sympathizers and burning their property." Jim Cochran did just that. He drove that team along all night, with his family, until he came upon a detachment of Union soldiers and found they weren't alone. There were many settlers there awaiting to be escorted out in safety; The contingent finally arrived in Benton County, where some settled and some stayed. Jim Cochran stayed, buying land south of Warsaw that was later known as the Old Reeder Place. His north parcel of land adjoined the Reeder place on the west and later was known as the Pate place. Jim Cochran died rather early in life but his widow lived on for many years. Their daughter, Melvina Jane, after the war, married Abram Jackson Salley, son of Dandridge. They had seven children, only four surviving. John Abram Salley was the oldest, Mettie Salley Short, Henrietta Salley Holloway and William Preston Salley being the other three. Both parents died before their family could be raised. John Abram's uncle, the Rev. Henry Salley, undertook to raise him he was only 11 at the time. Two years later, a man with a covered wagon, headed for the Oklahoma territory, camped at the road side, He had two kegs of whiskey in his wagon and a herd of ponies and persuaded John Abram, 13 by this time, to accompany him and herd the ponies, until they were traded to the Indians. The man promised John Abram a horse and saddle if he'd do this. Everything went along nicely until one evening in the Territory. They'd made an early camp on the Sac and Fox reservations and the man told John Abram to take the smooth bore rifle and go to a nearby river bottom to get some fresh meat for supper. "That," says Leland Salley of Hemet, California (a son of John Abram and the gentleman who gave us this account) "that was the end of the line for my father." When he arrived back in camp, the camp was empty. The trader had apparently arrived where he was going and had no further use for the 13-year-old boy. There was no horse and saddle, either. So there he stood 13 years old, at nightfall barefooted, with an empty single shot rifle in one hand and a wild turkey in the other. And no matches. Soon he came upon a band of Osage Indians, hunting, and they took him in and, at the end of the hunt, took him north to the Osage Reservation, where a family of Cherokee Indians, named Billy and Millie Rogers (Billy was a first cousin of Will) cared for him. He also spent time with a Delaware Indian named Sam White turkey, who had a white wife, and learned to speak Cherokee as easily as English. After seven years had passed, he saddled his horse and, with his belongings tied behind the saddle, headed for Benton County and Warsaw. Times had changed during his absence. A good many more people had moved into the county, including a family named Simmons, who had a pretty dark-haired daughter named Laura Jane. In time, they were married. They were parents of Leland Salley, a sixth generation descendant of Abram, who came to Benton County in the 1830's. They moved to the Indian territory when Leland Salley was only two years old.
JACOB CHASTAIN (1783-1873)
A PIONEER An early settler in Lindsey Township on Clear Creek a mile north of Tebo Creek, in Section 17, Township 41 N, Range 23W. Jacob Chastain was born in Buckingham County, Virginia, September 6, 1783, the son of Rane and Martha Chastain. He was one of eleven children the others being Joseph, Isham, Rhoda Hudnall, Elizabeth Jones, John, Lewis, William, Mildred Ayres, Martha Moss, and Judith. The father, Rane, was the grandson of the progenitor of this family in America, Pierre (Peter) Chastaing (Chastain), who was born about 1660 at Charost, Province of Berrie, France and died October 3, 1728 at Manakin-Towne, Virginia, in King William Parish. Peter Chastain was a member of the French Protestant Refugees (more commonly known as Huguenots) whose caped from France during the religious wars, about 1685, when the wholesale escape of the Huguenots from France took place with the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes of that year. He took up residence at Yverdon, Canton Vaud, Switzerland, and was- known to be a surgeon, later becoming interested in the new colonies of America. He moved his young family to London. England, in 1698. In April 1700 aboard the ship "Mary Ann" along with 205 other French Refugees they set sail from Gravesend, England, for their new land and home. After thirteen weeks voyage they arrived at Hampton, Virginia, on the James River July 23, 1700. This small group settled and established a frontier village and community 20 miles west of Richmond above the Falls of the James River. The village was known as Manakin-towne and the community was known as King William Parish. Jacob Chastain grew to manhood in Buckingham County and married there February 10, 1808, Judith Elizabeth Ayres, the daughter of John and Jane Salle Ayres. They were the parents of three children which were born to them in Virginia: Nancy Ann, Mary Anna and Joseph. He entered military service in Capt. John Gannaway's Company, attached to the 8th Regiment, Virginia Militia and was discharged at Camp Carter, Virginia, February 18, 1815. After the death of his young wife, Judith, Jacob moved with other members of his family to Logan County, Kentucky. He married December 21, 1818, in Logan County, Miss Ellenor Britt, the daughter of William and Dolly Davis Britt. To them were born three children; John Hopson, Susan and Ellen, During the 1830's a great migration was taking place to the western country, especially to Missouri where the Government had opened thousands of acres of land for the able bodied pioneer to settle and take Patent on. Jacob and his family were caught in this fever. Therefore, along with the influence of an old friend, Thomas Proctor, who had earlier gone to Missouri and returned to Logan County to convince Jacob this was something he couldn't pass up. In the spring of 1837 Jacob Chastain arrived in Benton County. He located upon available Clear Creek bottom land. During the next several years, he received patents to seven tracts of land which together amounted to 360 acres. One of these 80 acres tracts was given to him by the U. S. Government for his Military Service in the War of 1812, previously mentioned. Upon this was built a large log home, blacksmith shop, barns, sheds and several slave quarters. Accompanying Jacob to Missouri were his wife, Ellenor, there three small children; John Hopson, Susan and Ellen; his son, Joseph and his wife, Sarah Jane; his daughter, Mary Anna, and her husband, George R. Herndon and their small children; also James D. Acock and his wife; and probably others. Three nephews followed him to Benton County in 1848. They were; Willis Wilson, Joseph Edmund and Benjamin Edward Chastain; .. Children of Jacob Chastain:
1. Nancy Ann Chastain (1809-1891) married August 5, 1824 in Logan County, Kentucky, Churchill Payne Moseley (1800-1875), in 1829 they moved to Mercer County, Illinois,
2. Mary Anna Chastain (1810-1863) married January 23, 1825 in Logan County, Kentucky, George R. Herndon (?-1844) they came to Benton County with her father. She married second, Edward H. Powers (17951856), June 11, 1846, in Benton County. Mr. Powers owned and operated a Ferry across the Osage River which was located on his property at the southwest edge of the Town of Warsaw from 1841 to 1856. Mr. Powers also held the position of a Justice on the County Court of Benton County from 1853 to 1856.
3. Joseph Chastain (1812-1906) married October 12, 1835 In Todd County, Kentucky, to Miss Sarah Jane Crouch (1816-1886), they came to Benton County with his father and Patented two tracts of land. Joseph held the appointments in Benton County as Election Judge, Road Overseer, he administered several estates and was ordered to view and mark a road thru the northern part of the county. He later moved to Henry County, Missouri.
4. John Hopson Chastain (1830-1902) married February 13, 1851 in Benton County, Missouri, Miss Judy Green Davis (1832-1923) the daughter of early Benton County pioneers, Zachariah Davis and Elizabeth Hill Davis. John "Hop" came to Benton County when he was 7 years old. He lived and remained on his father's homestead all his life.
5. Susan A. Chastain (1833- ?) married April 1, 1852 in Benton County, Missouri, John C. Arthur (1819-1895). They made their home in Warsaw, Missouri, across (north) from the northeast corner of the Courthouse square. Mr. Arthur served as Sheriff of the County Court of Benton county from 1854-1859.
6. Ellen Chastain (1836-1914) married January 28, 1854 in Henry County, Missouri, Mr. Mortimer Hukell (1817-1881). Ellen was less than a year old when her parents brought her to Benton County in April 1837. In 1849 Mr. Hukell went overland to California and returned to Missouri in 1853. After his marriage to Miss Chastain they made their home in and around Calhoun, Missouri. At one time they operated the old Calhoun Hotel.
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