Buchanan County, Mo.
~ R ~

Robert W. Rea, M. D.
A prominent and successful physician and surgeon of Plattsburg, Missouri, Robert W. Rea, M. D., is a man of wide experience in his profession, and one who gives much time and thought to the study of diseases and the better and more modern ways of treating them. A native of Missouri, he was born in Savannah, Andrew County, December 15, 1860.
The doctor's father, Hon. David Rea, was born and reared in Indiana, and came from distinguished ancestry, having been a lineal descendant of Jonathan Rea, a noted patriot, who was for many years prominent in public affairs during Colonial times. Entering the legal profession, Hon. David Rea was for many years a leading attorney of Savannah, Missouri, where he spent the larger part of his three score and ten years of earthly life. He married Nancy E. Beattie, who was born in Virginia, and belonged to one of the well-known families of the South, having been a near relative of the Calhoun family. Six sons and two daughters were born of their union.
Robert W. Rea was brought up in Savannah, Missouri. He acquired his education at the State University of Missouri. In 1885 he was graduated from the Missouri Medical College, St. Louis, and after taking a post-graduate course in medicine he was appointed by President Cleveland as physician for the Indians at White Earth, Minnesota. ' Since taking up his residence in Plattsburg Doctor Rea has won a fine reputation for professional knowledge and skill, and has built up a large and lucrative patronage. He is a member of the Clinton County Medical Society, and of the Missouri State Medical Association, in both of which he has served in an official capacity. The doctor is active and influential in democratic ranks and a stanch supporter of President Wilson and his policies, in 1913 having had the honor of being one of the national electors from Missouri. Religiously he and his family are Baptists.
Doctor Rea married, in 1889, at Plattsburg, Missouri, Miss Lulu De Berry, who was born and educated in Liberty, Missouri, and to them three children have been born, namely, Ruth, Leonora, and Hazel.
[A History of Northwest Missouri, Volume 2; edited by Walter Williams; Publ. 1918; Donated and Transcribed by Andrea Stawski Pack]


Morris A. ReedMORRIS A. REED is an Attorney at-Law, and located at 414 Francis street, St. Joseph.    This noted gentleman was born in Watertown, Jefferson County, N. Y., where he was reared and given what educational advantages the town afforded, and after-ward graduating from the Union Academy, Jefferson County. When the late war broke out he entered company A, of the Tenth Regiment of New York Heavy Artillery, in September, 1862, and afterward received an appointment on the staff of Gen. Piper, who at that time was Division Commander in the defenses of Washington, D. C. He acted as Assistant Inspector General and Aid-de-camp on Gen. Piper's staff until the last year of the war, when his command was sent to join Gen. Sheridan in the valley of the Shenandoah. After returning from this campaign he served at various times under the commands of Gens. Smith and Stewart.
Our subject was detached for special service at different times: once, when the rebel rams descended the James River from near Richmond to clear the stream, he was on guard duty in command of a squad of men sent across from Drewry's Bluff and was the first to report the coming of the Confederates. The Confederates floated down the river and far beyond the forts and batteries of the Unionists, under the protection of a terrific cannonade carried on between the land batteries of the opposing force, until they reached a boom in the river which delayed them considerably. Under constant fire, they cleared the river of its obstruction, but instead of passing on down and attacking the Federal gun-boats, they turned back and finally made good their retreat. Lieut. Reid's duties were to watch every movement and report the same. After this he was promoted to the rank of first lieutenant which position he retained until his discharge and the close of the struggle.
After peace was declared, our subject returned to Watertown and studied law with Brown and Beach (Ex-governor), and was admitted to the bar in 1869, after a two years* preparation. In making his choice of a location where he might make a good start in his profession, St. Joseph was selected the favored place. Here he formed a partnership with Col. John Doriphan. In 1888 this firm dissolved partnership and our subject started for himself in his chosen profession. In 1882 he made a brilliant canvass for congress, and Col. James N. Burnes, his successful opponent, gave him the credit of conducting the closest and fairest campaign that he ever passed through. For ten years he practiced law in various courts.
He was made a Register under the United States Bankrupt Law of 1867, which position he held until its repeal. In 1889 he was made city councilor under Mayor Englehart, retaining the position for two years, at the end of which time he was appointed General Attorney for the St. Joseph and Grand Island Railway Company, and operated lines, to which he devoted the major part of his time, also engaging largely in corporation practice, acting as attorney for the State National Bank for twelve years.
October 15tb, 1872, Mr. Reid was married to Miss Margie R. Kimball, of Bath, Me. Two children blessed this union: Clara A. and Morris H., who is a member of the Sophomore class of Yale College. Clara graduated from Mrs. Celte's school, of St. Joseph, and is at the present time a student in Mrs. Tucker's conservatory of music. Mr. Reed has a fine residence which he built in 1876, and which is fitted with every convenience for a model home. This elegant family dwelling is rendered still more attractive because surrounded with spacious and well-kept grounds, and is the scene of many social gatherings.
Our subject is connected with the Congregational Church, his wife being a zealous worker and an active member of the same, and president of its Ladies' Aid Society. Mr. Reid is an honored and self-reliant gentleman, public spirited and enterprising, and has worthily won his way upward to the esteem and confidence of his - fellow citizens. In all business transactions he is even suave in manner, high minded and honorable, disdaining to stoop to the trickery now characterizing so many professions. He is on the contrary well and favorably known as one of the foremost members of the St. Joseph bar.
(Source: Portrait and Biographical Record of Buchanan and Clinton Counties, Missouri. Publ. 1893.  Transcribed by Charlotte Slater)

Morris Adelbert Reed; With a conspicuous place in the legal profession of Northwest Missouri, and prominent both by his professional attainments and his services in public affairs, Morris A. Reed has been practicing as a member of the St. Joseph bar for the past forty-five years, and is one of the oldest attorneys in this quarter of the state. As a lieutenant he made a brilliant record on the Union side during the Civil war, and was admitted to the bar in New York State, a few years niter the war closed.
Morris Adelbert Reed was born at Watertown, New York, in 1838, a son of Lewis and Angeline (Spinning) Reed. Through his father's mother Mr. Reed is a descendant from the Ball family, who saw conspicuous service in the Revolutionary war. Mr. Reed was educated at the Jefferson County Institute in Watertown, New York, and in the Belleville Academy at Belleville, New York, graduating from the latter in 1861. After a year at home, he enlisted in September, 18G2, in Company A of the Tenth New York Heavy Artillery, receiving his commission as second lieutenant and was afterward promoted to first lieutenant. Soon afterwards came his appointment on the staff of General Piper, who at that time was division commander in the defenses of Washington, as acting assistant inspector general of said division. During the last year of the war hi; served in the Shenandoah Valley, under General Sheridan and under General Grant at the siege of Petersburg. With a record as a faithful and efficient soldier, Lieutenant Reed returned to his old home town of Watertown, studied law in the office of Brown & Beach, and on his admission to the bar in 1867 located at St. Joseph, Missouri, where forty-five years of his active professional work and his residence have been.
Mr. Reed up to 1888 was associated in partnership with Colonel John Doniphan, under the firm name of Doniphan & Reed. That was one of the foremost law firms in St. Joseph, during its existence. After 1888 Mr. Reed became associated with Mr. W. K. James, under the firm name of Reed & James. That firm, which lasted until 1898, was also one of special ability and with a large clientage among the most important interests. Mr. James in 1898 was elected circuit judge, and since that time Mr. Reed has devoted himself alone to the practice of law. At the present time all his work is office counsel practice, and his time is taken up by several large private interests, among which may be mentioned the Burnes National Bank of St. Joseph.
In 1873 Mr. Reed was appointed register in bankruptcy, which position he held until the repeal of the Bankruptcy Act. In 1882 he entered politics on the republican ticket as candidate for Congress against Colonel James Burnes, and gave the latter the closest race he had through his congressional career. Mayor Englehart in 1888 appointed Mr. Reed city counselor of St. Joseph, and his service in that capacity lasted two years. In January, 1892, Mr. Reed was appointed general attorney for the St. Joseph and Grand Island Railway Company, and represented that corporation until 1904.
During the recent general election in 1912, Mr. Reed was republican candidate for Congress in his district. His social relations are with the Sons of the American Revolution, to which his membership was granted by his connection with Revolutionary sires already mentioned. His church is the Christ Episcopal church of St. Joseph.
On October 15, 1872, Mr. Reed married Miss Margie R. Kimball, a daughter of Lotus Kimball, a banker of Hath, Maine, and representing one of the old families of shipbuilders in Bath during the period when sailing ships were much in vogue. Mrs. Reed died July 1, 1904, leaving two children. Clara A., wife of O. B. Knight of St. Joseph, and Morris H. Reed, who with his brother-in-law, comprised the firm of Knight-Reed Millinery Company at St. Joseph. Mr. Reed and family reside at 547 North Sixth Street, and his offices are at Francis Street.
Source:  A History of Northwest Missouri Volume III; publ. 1915 in III Volumes; Edited by Walter Williams; Submitted to Genealogy Trails and transcribed by Andrea Stawski Pack


HON. JAMES  C.  ROBERTS,   deceased. There is in the development of every successful life a principle which is a lesson to every man following in its footsteps—a lesson which leads to higher and more honorable positions than the ordinary. Let a man be industriously ambitious, and honorable in his ambitions, and he will rise, whether having the prestige of family or the obscurity of poverty. These reflections are called forth by a study of the life of the Hon. James C. Roberts, who was not only a prominent pioneer farmer of Buchanan County, but one of her most active and public-spirited citizens, promoting her best interests in every way. He was a man of unusually good judgment, and had any amount of push and energy.
Mr. Roberts was born January 19, 1831, in Davidson County, Tenn., and was the son of William and Sarah (Chowning) Roberts, natives, respectively, of Connecticut and Tennessee. The elder Mr. and Mrs. Roberts were farmers by occupation, and became residents of Tennessee as early as 1818, where they were classed among the most honored and respected citizens of Davidson County.
The original of this sketch was reared on his father's farm in the above-named state, and when old enough entered Franklin College in Davidson County, from which institution he was graduated with the class of 1850. Later taking up the study of law, be read Blackstone diligently in the office of John A. M. Ewen, of Nashville, and was admitted to the bar in that city in 1853. When ready to open an office of his own young Roberts moved to Dover, now known as Fort Donelson, and there engaged in the* practice of his profession until 1855, the date of his advent into this county.
Locating upon a beautiful farm on Section 1, Washington Township, our subject was engaged in its cultivation for a few years, or until he saw an excellent opening for him to take up again his law practice in the city of St. Joseph. Removing thither he was very successfully employed until 1860, when he was elected to represent Buchanan County in the Missouri Legislature. That body was broken up the following year by Gov. Jackson, and our subject, being a southern sympathizer, was disfranchised. Going to Tennessee he remained for three months, and then receiving a pass from Gen. Schofield, returned home. The following July, however, he again went to Tennessee, and after a residence there of another three months came north and permanently established himself on his estate in Section 1, this township.
Mr. Roberts during his life figured very prominently in public affairs, and in 1875 was elected a member of the Constitutional Convention, which met at Jefferson City, with which body he sat until their work was finished. He was prominently mentioned as candidate for Congress in 1870, but did not secure the nomination. Mr. Roberts was a proficient linguist, being a complete master of Greek and Latin. He also possessed fine literary tastes, wielded a vigorous pen and was an orator of marked ability.
At his death our subject left a valuable estate comprising five hundred and eighty broad acres. He was one of the county's most prominent citizens and occupied a high station among his fellow agriculturists as well as being a shining light in the legal profession.
October 28, 1855, Mr. Roberts, of this sketch, and Miss Margaret Cornelia, daughter of Jesse C. and Margaret (Kay) Ingram, were united in marriage. The mother was born in Virginia in 1814, and the father in South Carolina, November 11,
1800. They resided for many years in Tennessee, where the mother departed this life in 1835. Mr. Ingram in 1851 removed to this state and made his home with his daughter, Mrs. Roberts, until his decease, which occurred January 21, 1872. He was a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, while his good wife held membership with the Baptist denomination.
William Roberts, the father of our subject, was a very influential and prominent man in his locality and at one time was Presiding Judge of this county. He enjoyed the respect and esteem of every one who knew him, and, as he was in a position to become acquainted with all people, his circle of friends was extremely large. The parental family of our subject included nine children, only five of whom are living.
Mr. and Mrs. Roberts have been blessed by the birth of five children, one of whom is deceased. The mother was born July 10, 1833, at Dover, Tenn., and completed her studies in the Clarkesville Female Seminary and the Nashville Female Academy. Her eldest son, Jesse I., married Eva M. Donovan, and makes his home in St. Joseph. They have three children. James C. married Anna L. Van; they also reside in St. Joseph and have one child. Frank K. married Melissa Hayward and resides on the home farm and has one child. Charles W., the youngest, assists his brother in carrying on the home place.
The Hon. James C. Roberts departed this life at his home April 4, 1885. His death was very unexpected, for, although he had been ailing for a week prior to his decease, his health was generally good. Socially he was a Royal Arch Mason and in politics was a stanch Democrat. He was also President of the Board of Managers of Asylum No. 2, and was active in the organization of the State Grange. As before stated he was a man of high attainments, and while a member of the Legislature in January, 1801, made a telling speech on a bill for calling a state convention. He discharged his public -duties with a promptness and fidelity which won him the commendation of all, and as a friend be was true as steel.
The two younger sons of Mr. Roberts conduct the home place for their mother, while Jesse I. is one of the prominent grocers of St. Joseph, being a Vice-president of the firm of George A. Ken-nard Grocer Co. James C. holds a position of Discount and Collection Teller in the Schuster-Hox National Bank in St. Joseph.
(Source: Portrait & Biographical Record of Buchanan & Clinton Counties Missouri, Publ. 1893. Transcribed by Linda Rodriguez)


Joseph Robidoux, the son of Joseph and Catharine Robidonx, was born in St Louis, August 10, 1783. He was the eldest of a family consisting of six sons and one daughter; to-wit, Joseph, Antoine, Isadore, Francis, Michael and Palagie.  Louis, the second son, lived and died in California, after his removal from St. Louis. Joseph, Antoine, Isadore and Francis were all buried in St. Joseph. Joseph, the father of this family, was a Canadian I Frenchman, and came from Montreal, Canada, to St. Louis, where he located shortly after the settlement of the city by the French.
Being a shrewd business man and possessing great energy he accumulated a fortune. His wealth, his business qualifications, and his genial disposition, made him many friends among the leading merchants and influential men of that city. He occupied a large mansion, located between Walnut and Elm streets, surrounded with every comfort and convenience. Here he entertained his friends in a royal style, and so noted was his hospitality that the first general assembly of Missouri did him the honor of holding its first session at his house, on the 7th of December, 1812.
Four years after his marriage his wife died. After her death young Robidoux, then in the twenty-third year of his age, became an extensive traveler. He made a voyage up the Missouri River in company with one of the partners of the American Fur Company.
Blacksnake Hills had been seen by some of the men connected with the fur companies while enroute on one of the expeditions, their attention being attracted thither, not only by the topography of the country, bat by the presence of the congregated tribes of the Sac, Fox and Iowa Indians, who assembled here en masse at stated seasons of the year, preparatory to crossing the river, either on a visit to other tribes farther west, or for the purpose of hunting.
Seeing the Indians here in large numbers while on their journey at this time, the partners debarked, and after looking at its points and its advantages as a probable future trading-post, they proceeded on their way to Council Bluffs, Iowa, the original place of their destination.
Being favorably impressed with the ** Bluffs "as a trading-post, Mr. Robidoux" returned to St. Louis and purchased a stock of goods, which he transported up the Missouri by a keel-boat, arriving at the “Bluffs" in the fall of 1809.
Here he remained for thirteen years, and while residing at the "Bluffs," in 1813, he married Angelique Vandory, another lady of St. Louis, who died in the city of St. Joseph on the 17th of January, 1857. By this union they had six sons and one daughter.
(Source: The history of Daviess County, Missouri, Pub. 1882.)


JAMES H. C. ROBINSON, M.D., is President of the St. Joseph Milling Co., which is located at the corner of Tenth and Jackson streets, St. Joseph. This company has a capital of $32,000 and its business is over $60,000 per annum. The Doctor had previously been connected with the milling business for some fifteen years, with R. H. Faucett of this city, and was also one of the incorporators of the R. T. Davis Milling Company, being one of its principal stockholders.
Dr. Robinson was born in Boyle County, Ky., January 15, 1832, and when seventeen years of age came to Missouri with his parents, James and Elizabeth (Crow) Robinson, natives of Kentucky. They located on a farm in Jackson Township, in Buchanan County, fifteen miles south of St. Joseph. The father died on a farm in Crawford Township about 1882, in his eighty-fifth year, his wife dying four years later, aged seventy-seven years. He had been actively engaged in farming for many years, owning a place of three hundred and twenty acres. Joining an overland company, he went to California in 1850 with his two brothers, Harvey N. and Joseph W., both now deceased.
After remaining in the Golden State for about one year, mining at Placerville, our subject returned by way of the Isthmus with a little money over and above his expenses. For two years he remained on the home farm and then began to read medicine with Dr. Charles L. Crow, his uncle, who was practicing in that vicinity. In 1856 Dr. Robinson began practice, having previously taken a medical course at the Transylvania University at Lexington, Ky. The Doctor began his practice at Bloomington in this county, at which he was actively engaged for twenty-eight years. In 1858 he went to Whitesville, Andrew County, for a year, then returning to this county, located in Halleck, where he remained until retiring on coming to this city. He was very successful as a physician and built up a very extensive general practice.
In the fall of 1890 Dr. Robinson came to St Joseph, but is still called in consultation with other physicians, especially when the patients are his old friends of former years. Soon after coming here he secured an interest in the St. Joseph Milling Company and was at once elected its President. In 1856 was celebrated the union of the Doctor and Miss Josephine Finney of this county, who was called to her final rest in 1872. A year later the Doctor married Miss Sarah E., daughter of Elijah Meadows, also of this county. By bis first onion Mr. Robinson has the following children: Margaret S., widow of W. F. Baker; Elizabeth S., now Mrs. James A. Cam} bell of this county; Mary F., Mrs. J. K. Graham, whose husband is a physician; Lee D., a physician and successor to the old practice of our subject, and James H. C., Jr. A son and daughter have been born of the second marriage: Plato W., who is a student in a business college, and Delia J.
Dr. Robinson is active in politics, being affiliated with the Democratic party. Since 1856 he has been a member of the Masonic Fraternity and now belongs to Halleck Lodge and Chapter and the St. Joseph Commandery. He has been an active member of the Blue Lodge and Chapter, Moila Temple, A. A. M. S., and also identified with other fraternities, among which are Truter Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, at Halleck, having served for fifteen years as its Treasurer and having taken all the degrees, and is also a member of the encampment, Patriarchs Militant.
In this county the Doctor owns four hundred acres of land, which is in two farms. He holds membership with the Christian Church at Wyatt Park, and numbers many friends on account of his genuine worth and his genial and social qualities. During the many years of his residence in this county he has made a wide acquaintance, and by all who know him he is justly held in the greatest respect.
(Source: Portrait and Biographical Record of Buchanan and Clinton Counties, Missouri. Publ. 1893. Transcribed by Charlotte Slater)


Theodore L. Robinson; The years of his life which were most fruitful in accomplishment and in broad and effective service to himself and his fellow men, the late Theodore L. Robinson passed at Maryville, in Nodaway County. There his memory is likely to endure long, and the inspiration of his career and its example are effective lessons that may be read with profit by all. After many years spent in battle against adversity, he lived to accomplish those things which are considered most worth while by ambitious men—honorable activity in business with satisfying material rewards, the esteem of his fellow men and a public spirited share in the social and civic life of his community.  Theodore L. Robinson was a native Missourian, born in Callaway County February 8, 1833. Three years later his mother died, and he was left in the care of his paternal grandparents by his father, who went to Texas and whom he never afterwards saw. When eleven years of age his grandparents moved to the vicinity of St. Joseph, and at the age of twelve he began work in a hotel in that city. He made himself useful, and soon attracted the attention of a St. Joseph merchant, in whose employ he remained for five years.
The agreement as to salary world he was sixteen years of age, and at once caught the "gold fever," and went West. His employer furnished him with goods, mostly cheap clothing, to sell in the West, and in company with another young man he crossed the plains with a wagon drawn by oxen. His mercantile venture was ill-starred, since everyone seemed to have supplied himself with clothing and other needed supplies, and all the stock he carried across the plains was disposed of at a sacrifice. However, by hard work in mining and otherwise he earned enough to pay his old employer for all the goods and for the team furnished for transportation. Six years were spent on the Pacific Coast in varied experience and hardships, and in 1855 he returned to Missouri, without money, and with his constitution impaired by exposure and the rough existence of the West. On his return to Missouri he received news that his father had recently died in Texas, leaving his second wife a widow with three little children. His elder brother had also died in the same state, while a younger brother had died in 1844. Mr. Robinson at once reentered the employ of his merchant friend at St. Joseph, and remained until he could equip himself with a wagon and team for the long journey to Houston, Texas. He went to that state and brought back his father's widow and her three small children, in order the better to provide for them. This was only an incident of his long career, but it illustrates remarkably well the general character of his mind and heart. Soon after returning from Texas Mr. Robinson was furnished a stock of goods by his old and always friendly employer, and in August, 1857, established a store in Maryville, Missouri. That little city remained his home the rest of his days, where he was honored not only as one of the early merchants, but as one of the finest citizens. He prospered in mercantile trade and also as a lumberman. In 1873 Mr. Robinson became actively connected with the Nodaway Valley Bank of Maryville, as a partner with James B. Prather, Mr. Robinson having active charge of the business. On the death of Mr. Prather in 1892, Mr. Robinson made his son, James B. Robinson, cashier of the bank, the latter having previously been bookkeeper and assistant cashier. The bank was incorporated April 7, 1894, and Mr. Robinson remained its president until his death a few weeks later, on May 28, 1894.
This brief outline of facts only suggests the remarkable struggle of a poor boy against adverse circumstances and emphasizes his later success. He acquired a considerable fortune and died both wealthy and respected. Personally he was a plain and unassuming gentleman, wide awake in his attitude of affairs, and even tempered and well poised. His progressiveness and public spirit were as marked as his business ability. While he himself had succeeded in life without an education, he was none the less a stanch friend of schools and learning, and for twenty years was a member and treasurer of the Maryville School Board. Politically he was a democrat, had fraternal affiliations with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and died a member of the Christian Church.
On October 9, 1859, Mr. Robinson married Rebecca J. Ray. She was born in Bardstown, in Nelson County, Kentucky, and when a child was brought to Nodaway County by her father, James Ray, a pioneer welfare and in the pleasures of home and in his many friendships was a strong characteristic.
Source:  A History of Northwest Missouri Volume III; publ. 1915 in III Volumes; Edited by Walter Williams; Submitted to Genealogy Trails and transcribed by Andrea Stawski Pack


Walter H. Robinson; This well known St. Joseph business man has been active in the affairs of that community for more than thirty years, having began when a young man under age, gradually advancing to a high position as an independent merchant, and with the modern development of automobile interests has turned his attention to that field, in which he stands as one of the successful dealers. He represents an old and prominent family of Virginia, and his own career well entitles him to a place in the history of Northwest Missouri.
Born on a Virginia plantation in Rappahannock County, Virginia, March 4, 1862, he is a son of Benjamin C. Robinson, who was born in Warren County, Virginia, and a grandson of William Robinson, who was a native of Scotland, where the Robinson family have resided for generations. William Robinson and his brother John, who settled in Kentucky, were probably the only members of the family who came to America. William Robinson secured a large tract of land in Warren and Rappahannock counties, was a slave holder, and operated a considerable plantation. All his career after coming to America was spent in Warren County.
He married Nancy Garnett. Benjamin C. Robinson, who was well educated and who during his youth taught school, bought and inherited land and built his home in Rappahannock County, where he reared his family. He was also a slave holder before the war, and the old homestead is now owned and occupied by one of his sons, being located about six miles southwest of Front Royal, at the head of the beautiful Piedmont Valley, famed far and near for its natural scenery. Benjamin Robinson was honored with the office of sheriff in Rappahannock County, and during the Civil war, on account of his official duties, was exempt from military service. His death occurred when he was sixty-two years of age.
Benjamin C. Robinson married Jane E. O'Bannon. She was born in Rappahannock, Virginia, a daughter of Josephus and Mary (Levell) O 'Bannon who spent all their lives in Virginia and was one of the prominent families of the state. Prestly O'Bannon, a brother of Josephus, and a great-uncle of the St. Joseph business man, made a distinguished record in the early navy of the United States. He was serving with the rank of lieutenant in the naval forces at the time of the war against the Barbary States during the early years of the nineteenth century. He was in the command under the gallant Commodore Decatur, sent against these Mediterranean pirates, and from the history of the United States Marines, by Richard S. Collum, we quote the following paragraph: Arriving before Derne on the morning of March 26, 1805, terms of amnesty were offered the Ben on condition of allegiance and fidelity. The flag of truce was sent back with this tart answer: 'My head or yours.'
On the 27th the siege commenced. The enemy made an irregular but splendid defense by keeping up a heavy fire, of musketry as the assailants appeared from behind houses and walls. At half past three, however, Lieutenant O'Bannon and Mr. Mann, a midshipman, stormed the principal work hauling down the Tripolitan ensign for the first time in the history of the country hoisting that of the Republic on a fortress of the Old World. A detachment consisting of the marines from the Argus, twenty-four cannonries’ and twenty-six Greeks including their proper officers were under the immediate command of Lieutenant O'Bannon. It was with this force that the brave O 'Bannon passed through the shower of musketry from the walls of the houses, took possession of the battery, planted the American flag upon its ramparts and turned its guns upon the enemy. In his official report of the affair General Eaton said: “The details I have given of Mr. O 'Bannon's conduct need no more encomium, and it is believed the disposition of our government to encourage merit will be extended to this intrepid, judicious and enterprising officer. The State of Virginia presented him with a sword for his courageous conduct in this war."
Walter H. Robinson now has in his possession as a relic and heirloom from this gallant ancestor a beautiful silk shawl which Lieutenant O'Bannon brought home from his Tripolitan expedition. Benjamin C. Robinson and wife were members of the Episcopal church and reared their children in the same faith. Their nine children were Meredith and Alice, twins, Eliza, Nannie, Jack, Walter H., Albert, Ada and Benjamin C.
Walter H. Robinson received his early education in the rural schools and also attended Flint Hill Academy. When he was eighteen he began teaching, and taught for two terms in Virginia. In 1881, at the age of nineteen, he came to St. Joseph and found a position as salesman in the store of the Brady Carpet Company. His fidelity to his duties and his industry secured him advances, until he was made manager of the store, and finally he and his brother Benjamin succeeded to the business and conducted it as one of the flourishing mercantile houses of St. Joseph until 1909. Mr. Robinson then sold out and engaged in the automobile business, and has since been one of the leading men in that field in St. Joseph.
In 1890 he married Ida L. Yocum. She was born in Belmont County, Ohio, a daughter of Jacob Yocum. They are the parents of two sons, Kenneth and Edwin Bryan. The younger is still a student, while Kenneth is associated with his father in business. Mr. Robinson cast his first presidential vote for Grover Cleveland in 1884, and has been a steadfast adherent of the democratic party since that time. He is in fact one of the leaders in Buchanan County democracy, has served as delegate to numerous county, district and state conventions, and in 1900 was a delegate to the national convention at Kansas City, and in 1908 was democratic candidate for presidential elector. Governor Lon Stephens appointed him a member of the board of police commissioners in St. Joseph, and he was reappointed by Governor Dockery. He has served two terms as president of the Monroe Club. Fraternally his relations are with Lodge 331, A. F. & A. M.; St. Joseph Lodge No. 22, Knights of Pythias; and St. Joseph Lodge No. 40, B. P. O. E.
[A History of Northwest Missouri, Volume 2; edited by Walter Williams; Publ. 1918; Donated and Transcribed by Andrea Stawski Pack]


Rev. W. C. Rogers. The subject of this sketch has spent so many years in Northwest Missouri that a short though impressive review of his life by one who has known him for nearly half a century, the writer regards as a just tribute to his memory.
Elder Rogers was born in Clinton County, Ohio, June 10, 1828, and baptized by his father, Samuel Rogers, December 25, 1843. Graduated at Bacon College in Harrodsburg, Kentucky, in 1850. He had begun preaching three years before that, and in 1852 was graduated at Bethany College, Virginia, now West Virginia.
Rev. Rogers has preached at Holly Springs, Mississippi, Louisville, Kentucky, St. Joseph, Missouri, and many other cities and towns, and did much evangelistic work, having baptized between four and five thousand converts. He was corresponding secretary of the General Missionary Society of the Christian Churches in 1865-66. During his active ministry he held several debates, one of special interest with Erasmus Manford of Chicago, who was at that time editor of Manford's Magazine, and a distinguished debater and preacher of the Universalist Church. Elder Rogers proved himself equal to his opponent, and was complimented for his ability by such men as Rev. G. W. Longan, Rev. J. W. Tate and other ministers who were present during the discussion. It would be easy to say that Elder Rogers won a great victory over his opponent. That might not be just. The writer will say that the last Universalist living in the community at the time of the debate made the confession and was baptized several years later.
Elder Rogers is the author of one book we mention. It was favorably commented upon by the leading preachers and writers of the Christian Church. The following notice is from an old schoolmate, the editor of the Christian Leader, and is as follows: "In another column we advertise a very valuable book, entitled 'Recollections of Men of Faith which we have read with much interest, especially from the fact that we were personally acquainted with some of these notable characters. The author of the work, W. C. Rogers, and myself were schoolmates at Bethany College, under the tutelage of the renowned Alexander Campbell. Many of the ''incidents connected with the lives of these great reformers and evangelists are new to the present generation, and these incidents make the book sparkle with rare gems on every page."
Elder Rogers is now on the last half of his eighty-sixth year, and is well preserved in body and mind, and capable of doing much work in his chosen calling.
(By Benjamin F. Poe, Elder of the Christian Church.)
[A History of Northwest Missouri, Volume 2; edited by Walter Williams; Publ. 1918; Donated and Transcribed by Andrea Stawski Pack]


Charles E. Rush; The connection of Charles E. Rush with library work began with his college days in 1902, and he has since that time been continuously identified with library work, either in a public or private capacity. He has gone into the work with an enthusiasm that has made him one of the most successful and sought after librarians in the state, and he has been at the head of the St. Joseph Public Library since 1910.
Mr. Rush was born at Fairmount, Indiana, on March 23, 1885, and is a son of Reverend Nixon and Louisa (Winslow) Rush. Both parents were Quakers, of North Carolina ancestry. The paternal grandsire of Mr. Rush was a slave holder in North Carolina, but he became early convinced of the error of owning human property, so that in 1830 he freed his slaves and moved north to Indiana, where the family has since been established. The father of Mr. Rush is a Quaker minister, who added farming to his ministerial activities and became one of the most useful men in his community.
Charles E. Rush was educated in the common schools of the Town of Fairmount and at the Fairmount Friends Academy. He had his A. B. degree from Earlham College in 1905, after which he entered the Library Summer School at Madison, Wisconsin, of which he is a graduate, and received the degree of B. L. S. from the New York State Library School at Albany in 1908. He planned a career as librarian when he was a boy, and so arranged his studies from his college days. He was a student-assistant in the library at Earlham College in Richmond, Indiana, from 1903 to 1905, and served a year as an assistant at the Wisconsin University Library at Madison in 1905 and 1906. He was an assistant in the Free Public Library in Newark, New Jersey, in 1907, and in 1907 and 1908 was engaged as a special cataloguer.
Mr. Rush is a member of the American Library Association and of the Missouri Library Association, serving as vice president of the latter organization in 1912 and as president in 1913. As one who is deeply interested in civic and social work, Mr. Rush is concerned in making the library a thing of practical value in the community, not alone for the young readers and students, but for the laboring man, the busy merchant and business man of every order. He has prepared a number of pamphlets and magazine articles bearing upon the splendid possibilities that are to be found from a more intimate knowledge of the "people's university," among them might be mentioned "Library Publicity," "The Man in the Yards," and "Two Books a Year for My Child." His "Reading List for the Boy Scouts of America" was the first library pamphlet published on the subject and it has been well received wherever it has been shown.
Mr. Rush is an active member of the St. Joseph Commerce Club and in 1912 was chairman of the luncheon and entertainment committee. In 1913 he was a member of the art and publicity committees of the club, and has been active in the work of the organization in varied ways.
In 1910 Mr. Rush was married to Miss R. Lionne Adsit, a daughter of Rev. Spenser M. Adsit, of Albany, New York, who is a Presbyterian minister. Mrs. Rush is a graduate of Vassar College, at Poughkeepsie, New York, class of 1906, receiving the degree of A. B., and is also a graduate of the New York State Library School at Albany, class of 1908, with the degree of B. L. S. She spent two years as chief of the information department in the Public Library at Washington, D. C., prior to her marriage.
In 1911 Mrs. Rush was president of the Federation of Women's Clubs of St. Joseph, Missouri, and since that time has been a member of the executive committee of the Federation. She is active in the church work of the First Presbyterian Church of St. Joseph, of which she is a member, and is president of the Kings Daughters Society, an auxiliary organization of the church. She is one of the prominent women of the city and takes a leading place in the representative social club and civic activities of the city..
Source:  A History of Northwest Missouri Volume III; publ. 1915 in III Volumes; Edited by Walter Williams; Submitted to Genealogy Trails and transcribed by Andrea Stawski Pack


Chris L. Rutt. Now managing editor of the St. Joseph News-Press, Chris L. Rutt is one of the veterans of the newspaper trade and profession in Northwest Missouri, and has spent practically thirty years in the business in St. Joseph.
Chris L. Rutt was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, October 8, 1859. His parents had emigrated from the neighborhood of Bingen-on-theRhine, in Germany, and in 1865 located in Atchison, Kansas. It was at Atchison that Chris L. Rutt acquired his early education in the parochial schools and in St. Benedict's College, and learned the printer's trade in the Atchison Champion Shop. After several years of touring the country and working as journeyman printer, he became assistant to the late Maj. Edgar Ross, then editing the Daily Standard at Leavenworth, Kansas, and subsequently was employed with several newspapers in Texas.
Mr. Rutt permanently located in St. Joseph in 1885, and was attached to the Gazette staff under the late Maj. John N. Edwards. He was for thirteen years secretary of the St. Joseph board of police commissioners, but at the same time maintained his connection with the Gazette, under the late C. F. Cochran. Mr. Rutt in March, 1900, was made managing editor of the Gazette, held that post until August, 1902, and then became managing editor of the Daily News, now the News-Press.
On May 11, 1887, he married Miss Annie Herbst of St. Joseph. To their union five children were born, and those now living are: Frances Mary, Anna Katherine and Chris L., Jr.
S. A. Clark. Most men would not be accused of modesty in preparing their autobiography. That is not true of S. A. Clark, of Carrollton, as the reader of the following paragraphs must acknowledge. Many friends of this newspaper publisher and banker and business man might add a number of complimentary things to what he has said concerning himself, but it would not do to spoil the interest and the humor of the sketch by any additional comment. If Editor Clark has handled the various subjects of local life which have come before him in the daily routine of newspaper work in so felicitous style and with such genial humor as he has treated his own career, it is not difficult to understand his popularity and his value as a hard-working citizen of Carroll County.
Without any further explanation his autobiography is presented at once: In the early part of my existence and when a very small boy I was born in the "Short-Hills" of Jefferson County, East Tennessee, on May 15, 1870, just in time for breakfast. There's a great deal in being born right—in the right time and in the right place—and consequently every man should weigh this matter carefully before making his advent into the world. It is an important incident in every life, calculated to make or mar destiny, and therefore should never be neglected. Had I been born earlier in life, I would have had to pass through the bloody struggles of the late Civil war, and the chances are that I would have been on the losing side. Had I been born in the mountains of Kentucky, I might have been a consumer of "moonshine" whisky, a feudist who would have lain in ambush or "Anheuser-Busch" for the slayer of my wife's cousin, and a ring-tailed tooter from the head waters of bitter creek. On account of these conditions I preferred being born "After the Ball Was Over," in "Sunny Tennessee.''
I was born in a log cabin, which at that time was the favorite birthplace of presidents; but it has since gone out of fashion, and I came upon the stage of action too late to derive any benefit from the "log cabin" story. It has already been worn to a frazzle. I came of Southern parentage, my father, W. F. Clark, being a native of Georgia, and my mother, Elizabeth F. Harkleroad, being a native of Sullivan County, Tennessee. My father and mother were married on the first day of May, 1861, and I am their youngest son. When but two years old I concluded to "go West," and in 1872 brought my parents to Duquoin, Illinois, and a year later brought them to Carroll County, Missouri. I was raised on the farm and educated in the district schools of this county and at the Chillicothe Normal, Chillicothe, Missouri.
That I was born with high aspirations was shown by my early tendency to climb to the top of the loftiest trees in the forest. When but four years old I climbed a lightning rod to the top of a two-story brick building, and when I returned to terra firma the shock my mother gave me with a shingle made a lasting impression on my—memory. At the age of nineteen I obtained a school certificate and taught two terms in the district schools of the county. In the spring of 1891 I founded the Bosworth Sentinel, at Bosworth, the first issue being published April 17, 1891. I early espoused the cause of liberty, and when a lad of only eighteen summers, or "summers" thereabout, a young lady friend of mine accused me of "taking more liberty" than any youngster she had ever met. I also insisted on the freedom of speech—when talking to young ladies—and on the freedom of the press, and I never knew what an abridgment of either meant until after I was married.
This leads me to tell about my marriage to Miss Laura A. Crispin, which occurred on June 21—the longest day and the shortest night in the year—Anno Domini 1893. I then had a luxuriant growth of hair, instead of being bald as you see me today; but after my wife reads this autobiography, I won't have any hair at all. I am a republican and believe in "protection," which never fails to promote the "infant industry." This, my friends, is one enterprise in which no trust has ever been formed and nobody, thank God, has a monopoly of the business. However, there seems to be a striking resemblance between a trust and a baby. Nearly everybody cusses them until they get one of their own. For many years I contended that every man should support at least one wife and three children, and recently I raised the estimate to four. I have three sons—Twyman, Paul and Merrill—and one daughter —Arbuta—all by my first wife, who is still living.
In the summer of 1894 I sold the Sentinel and moved to Lawson, Missouri, where I published the Leader for two years and then returned to Bosworth and engaged in the real estate, loan and insurance business. The only office I ever held was that of justice of the peace, and although I was quite young at that time—in fact, the youngest justice in Missouri —I have never been able to outlive the title of "Squire." On July 1, 1901, I became cashier of the Bosworth Exchange Bank, in which capacity I served until January 1, 1904. During this time I helped to organize the Carroll County Telephone Company, and served two years as its president. I also purchased an interest in the Carroll County Abstract Company, and served two years as president of that corporation. After I severed my connection with the bank I resumed the publication of the Bosworth Sentinel for a short time, and then traded it for the Carrollton Republican-Record, of which I was the editor from August 1, 1904, to January 1, 1913, when 1 relinquished the management of the paper to Mr. J. N. Stonebraker, to whom I had sold a half interest. Since the first of the year 1 have been engaged in the real estate, loan and insurance business in partnership with S. K. Turner.
From a worldly standpoint I have not distinguished myself among the great men of the age; but when I glance over the school books which I studied when a boy, I have the satisfaction of knowing that my name is indelibly written on the pages of history. Although I have never achieved any greatness—at least not .enough to be burdensome—I have accumulated .a good supply of shop-worn experience, which was purchased at the highest market price. In conclusion, I want to say to all young people who aspire to wear a laurel wreath instead of a straw hat the year round, to study my life, habits and character, and then—do different.
[A History of Northwest Missouri, Volume 2; edited by Walter Williams; Publ. 1918; Donated and Transcribed by Andrea Stawski Pack]

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