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Caldwell County Missouri
Genealogy Trails Website
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CALDWELL COUNTY HISTORY
Caldwell County is a county located in the U.S. state
of Missouri. Its county seat is Kingston. The county
was organized December 29, 1836 and named by Alexander
Doniphan to honor John Caldwell, who participated in
the George Rogers Clark Native American Campaign of
1786 and was the second Lieutenant Governor of
Caldwell County was originally part of Ray
County. The first white settler was Jesse Mann, Sr.,
who settled one-half mile northeast of the public
square of Kingston on Shoal Creek in 1831. The early
settlers moved back south in 1832 for better
protection during the Black Hawk War uprising.
A few Mormon settlers, who had been evicted from
Jackson County, Missouri, moved into the county in
1832, and included Jacob Haun, whose mill on Shoal
Creek would become the scene of the bloodiest incident
in the Mormon War, known as the Haun's Mill Massacre.
The settlers established Salem, the first town in the
county, two miles southeast of Kingston. A larger
number of Mormons moved to the county in the fall of
1836. The Missouri General Assembly created Caldwell
County in December 1836, with the understanding that
it would be dedicated to Mormon settlers. Its county
seat was Far West, Missouri. By 1838 Far West reported
a population of 4,000.
The major figures of early Mormon history, including
Joseph Smith, Jr., Hyrum Smith, Brigham Young, John
Taylor, Edward Partridge, Sidney Rigdon, Parley P.
Pratt and John D. Lee, were included in the migration.